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Full text of "Cursor Mundi (The Cursur O the World).: A Northumbrian Poem of the XIVth Century in Four Versions"

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II * 1 

■^ ' ^ ' \ - i . , V i 

CONTENTS OF PART V. 



PA 01 

TABLES OF OONTBNTS FROM FAIRFAX, GOTTINGBN, AND LAUD MSS. ... 1 



[TEXT OF THE CURSOR.] 

PRATER TO OUR LADY^ ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1366 

THE SORROWS OF MARY ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1368 

APOSTROPHE TO SAINT JOHN ... ... ... ... ... ... 1412 

THE STORY OF ELSEY^ AND THE FESTIVAL OF THE CONCEPTION ... 1416 

[SEVEN ADDITIONS.^] 

1. AN EXPOSITION OF THE APOSTLE's CREED (4 MSS: Cot, Fa,, GoL, Ed,) 1430 

2. THE lord's PRAYER AND ITS EXPOSITION (4 MSS : Cotton ( Vesposiun 

A in), Fairfax, GoUingen, Cotton Galba E ix) ... ... 1436 

3. PRAYER TO THE TRINITY (3 MSS: CottoTi, Fairfax, Gbttingen) ... 1454 

4. PRAYER FOR THE HOURS OF THE PASSION (3 MSS: Cot., Fa., Got.) 1458 
6. SONG OF THE FIVE JOYS OF OUR LADY {in Goitingm MS onhj) ... 1468 

6. THE SOKE OF PENANCE^ 

Prologue. On God's mercy to man ; and letting him rise from Sin, 

by Penance ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1 470 

Part L Penitence and its Ist Eequisite : Bnth, FortMrkiig, 

or Contrition, p. 1481 1480 

Part IL Its 2nd Requisite : Shrift or Confession (and herein of 1484 
The 15 Points of True Shrift, p. 1491—1509. 
The 4 things drawing us from Repentance, p. 1509-13. 
The office of the Priest, p. 1514. 
The Seven Deadly Sins, p. 1524. 
How to confess Sins to a Priest (in Cot. Yesp. A 3 only), 

p. 1551. 
Yenial Sins, p. 1558.) 

' The Trinity and Laud MSS. both stop at the end of the 1th Age of the World, 
p. 1365, 1. 23898. The next 4 subjects, from the Prayer to mir Lady, to the Concepti/t^i, 
p. 136& — 1429, are printed from the Cotton (Vespasian A iii), Fairfax, Gottingen, and 
Edinburgh MSS. In Cotton Galba E ix, are only some of the * Additions ' — Lord's Prayer, 
7 Deadly Sins, Cursing — copied as separate treatises. 

* The Conception of Our Lady is the last subject intended by the author in the 
Prologue. See p. 21. 

• (Compare Chaucer's Parson's Tale.) The Cotton MS, Vespasian E 3, runs right 
through. Fairfax stops in the 6th Deadly Sin, at p. 1646, 1. 27900. Gottingen stops in 
the prologue to "Boke of Penance," at p. 1476, 1. 26766. Cotton Galba E 9 runs from the 
7 Deadly Sins, p. 1624, to the end (p. 1586), save * How to Confess,' p. 1551-9. 

^^ a 



li OONTE^TS. 



PAOH 



Fart III. Its 3rd Eequisite : Mends-making or Satisfaction (by 1560 
Prayer and Fasting, p. 1560 ; Alms-doing (in 9 points), 
p. 1667; Subduing the Flesh, p. 1570; Watching, 
p. 1574.) 

Supplement: On Absolution by the Pope, p. 1577; the 15 Points 1577 

of Cursing, p. 1578 ; Absolution by a Bishop (Cott. 
Vespasian A 3, and Fairfax) or a Priest (Cott. Galba 
E 9), p. 1581 ; Communion with the Cursed, p. 1583 ; 
Cursing, p. 1584. 

7. OATo's MORALS (in Fairfax MS. only : see Appendix IV, p. 1668) 

APPENDICES. 

The first 3 cons'iatlng of other versions or specimens of other manttscripts of the 
Cursor than those g-iven in tlie text ; the Uh of Cato^s Distichs or Morals, 

I. MS. FRAGMENT IN THE LIBRARY OF THE COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS, 

EDINBURGH (lines 18989—23644) 1587 

The Acts of the Apostles, p. 1587 — 1601 ; the Assumption, and 
late Life of our Lady, p. 1601-3; the Works and Death of 
each of the Apostles, p. 1603-8; the Coming of Christ to 
Judgment, p. 1608-9; of Antichrist, his Birth, Deeds, and 
Death, p. 1610-16; the Fifteen Signs before Doomsday, p. 
1616-20; the Call to Judgment, p. 1620-3; the Great Doom 
of the four Eows of Men, two good, two bad, and the rising 
of all, new-made, p. 1624-6 ; Hell and its nine Pains, p. 1626-8 ; 
Heaven and the Fourteen Gifts of the Blessed, p. 1629-32. 

IL ADDIT. 10,036 (bRIT. MUS.), STORY OF THE ASSUMPTION OF MARY ... 1638 

IIL THE PROLOGUE TO CURSOR MUNDI, TAKEN FROM LAUD 416 (bODLEIAN), 
ARUNDEL 67 IN COLLEGE OF ARMS, AND MS. BELONGING TO THE 
PUBLIC LIBRARY, BEDFORD ... 1651 

PARABLE OF THE KING AND HIS FOUR DAUGHTERS, FROM THE 

BEDFORD MS. ... ... ... ••• ••. ... ... 1 Qu4 



rV. OAIO'S HOBALS, FBOH THB FAIRFAX M& 14, BODLEIAN LIBBABY ... 1668 










la 



TABLES OF CONTENTS 

IN THE FAIRFAX, GOTTIKGENT, AND LAUD MSS. 

[The pages inserted are those of the printed text, in the Gottingen MS. very few of these 
headings actually occur in the text, the pages therefore are approximate.) 



[Fairfax MS. 14. {Bodl Uhr,)] Gottingen University MS theol. lOTJ 

Qeaf 1.] (Scribbling, *VfiZU\mM Belyng- 
ham* and some Latin, English, 
and French lines.) 

]leaf2.] Capitulum 

j. Of ])e trinite and making of 
fe werlde. (p. 24) 

\j. of ])e angels and falling of 

lucifer. (p. 32) 
i^*. of mannis bodL (p. 36) 
iiij. of maTznis saule. (p. 40) 
V. of pe state of ])ingis be-fore 

adan? synnid in paradis. 

(p. 44) 
vj. how adam brak goddis com- 

anndement. of ])e appiL 

(p. 52) 



\The lat Age of the World.'] Cooi.i] 

(1) Of ])e makyng of }>e world and 
of adam (p. 25) 

(2) Of }>e trinite (p. 26) 

(3) Of ]>e falling of Incif^ (p. 33) 

(4) Of bodi and sai^le (p. 37, 41) 

(5) Of ])e state of pe thingis (p. 43) 



(6) Of pe worme (p. 53) 



(7) Of ])e oner-passing of adam 

(8) Of ])e changing of thinges 
vy. Of paradis. (p. 66) (9) Of paradis (p. 67) 

viij. how cayme slogh abel. (p. 68) (10) Of pe dede of abel (p. 69) 
of pe oyle of merci. (p. 78) 
how adam endid. (p. 90) 
[Fairfax] 



(11) Ofpeelde&peendeOfadam(p.79) 
[gottingen] 

' A fly-leaf has the hook-plate (with arms, & motto 'prudenter et sincere *) of C. T. 
Sallow, and a note that the MS was bought at auction, in Hanover, on June 14, 1786: 
' In Hanover erstanden den 14. Jun. 1786 *. The * Contents * on the front of leaf 1 of the 
HS are in 4 columns, in red. 



lb TABLES OF CONTENTS IN FAIRFAX AND GOTTINGEN MSS. {aGES 1, 2, 3.) 

ix. pe kinradin of adam. be Setfi. (12) Of Seth kin (p. 91) 

(p. 90) 
X. of Jje corrapcioii of pe lande (13) Of kaymys kin (p. 95) 

ofter synne. (p. 96) 



xj. Of the ij. eldis of J?e werlde. [The 2nd Age of the World,] 

pat is to wite of noe flode. (14) Of nooe B,ni fe schip (p. 103) 
(p. 102) 
xij. Of J?e life of Sem. (p. 130) (15) Of noe snnes (p. 127) 
xiij. pe kinradin of Chan. (p. 134) 

(16) Of thre partis of pe world (p. 12 
(17)0fbabilon(p. 137) 



xiiy. pe prid elde of pe werlde. of [The Srd Age of the World.] 

Abraham, (p. 140) (18) Of abraham (p. 141) 

how sodome and gomor sanke. (19) Of godom & gomor (p. 165) 
(p. 164) 

(20) Of loth (p. 175) 
XV. how Abraham offerred Isaac. (21) Of ysaac sacnfice (p. 187) 

(p. 186) 
xvj. pe stori of Isaac abraham sone. 
(p. 192) 
how esau saldis his lande to (22) Of esan (p. 209) 
lacob his broper. (p. 208) 
xvij. how lacob passid in-to his (23) Of iaoob (p. 230) 
cuntre ofter he was flemid 
be esau. (p. 230) 
pe stori of loseph lacob sone. (24) Of ioseph (p. 239) 
Of pe folk of isroel andmoises. (25) Of ioseph brother (p. 281) 
(p. 320) 
xviy. Ofiijwandis.fondinbemoyses (26) Of moyses (p. 321) 
in squeuin. (p. 364) 

(27) Of \fe [illegible] 
xix. how moises fastid for to haue (28) Of moyses lawe (p. 375) 
lagh of pe X. comaunde- (29) Of pe inggemewt (p. 383?) 
mentis and how pai made (30) Of aron (p. 399) 
[faibfax] [g6ttingen] 



TABLES OF CONTENTS IN FAIRFAX AND OOTTINGEN MS8. {aGES 3, 4, 6.) 2a 



a calf of golde to honour, 
(p. 374) 
of Sampson and his wife, 
(p. 410) 

Of pe first king ])at euer was 
hi3t saule to name, and ]>en 
next king Dauid. (p. 424) 



XX. pe iiij. elde of pe werlde. Of 

king Dauid. (p. 454) 
xxj. how salamon king regnid ofter 
his fader Dauid. (p. 492) 
^xxij. how ij. wemmen ware ad- 
iugged for a childe pe tane 
slogh. (p. 494) 



xxiij. of pe V. elde of pe werlde. 
of cristis birp. (p. 532) 
[From our p. 536, Z. 9325, to 
J). 666, L 11614, has heen 
torn out of the Fairfax MS 
14, and is supplied in the 
text below from the Laud 
MS 416.] 

xxiiij. pe propheci of cristis birp. 
(p. 564) 

2[xxv. ensaumple of a meruailous 
castel. (p. 568) 

[xxyj. of our lauedi birp. (p. 608) 

[xxvij. quar-fore mari was spousid. 
(p. 618) 
[Fairfax] 



(31) Of Sampson (p. 411) 

(32) Of samnel (p. 421) 

(33) Of sanle pe king (p. 425 ?) 

(34) Of [illegible] 



[The ith Age of the World.] 

(35) Of pe of [illegible] 

(36) Of salamon ccoi. 2] (p. 487) 

(37) Of pe iiigeme72t of Salamon 

(p. 495) 

(38) Of temple salamon (p. 505) 



[The 5th Age of the World.] 

(39) Of damd sede of i^^n (p. 533) 

(40) Of foure doghteris (p. 549) 

(41) Of merci (p. 551) 

(42) Of sothfastness (p. 553) 

(43) Of rightwisness (p. 555) 

(44) Of pes (p. 557) 

(45) Of prophesie ofiesn (p. 565) 
[See too p. 534] 

(46) Of pe castell (p. 569) 

(47) Of ioachym a/id anna (p. 583) 

(48) Of zakari ar^d elizabe^^ (p. 585) 

(49) Of pe conseyning Of saint mari 

(p. 607) 



[gOttingen] 



» Leaf 2. 



' The chapters with headings in brackets are wanting in the MS. itself, 
a 2 



2h TABLES OP CONTENTS IN FAIRFAX AND GOTTINGEN MSS. (aGE 5.) 



[xxviij. pe awnuwciacion. [of seint lolin 
baptist]! (p. 622) 



[xxix. how ihesvLB was bome. (p. 642) 



[xxx. of worshepe of pe iij. kingis. & 

[xx^. how Joseph resQeyned ham. 
(pp. 652, 660) 

[xxxij. how Jelnnocentis ware slaine.] 
xxxiij. how Joseph and man fla^h in- 
to egipt wij? ihe«Ti for drede 
of herode pe king. (p. 664) 
xxxiiij. how pe tree bowed to ihe^us. 
(p. 670) 
XXXV. how ihe^s come in-to egipt 
and j>er a childe spilt his 
lake of water.2 (p. 684) 
xxxTJ. how a prest sone tumid pe 

lake fra ihesu. (p. 688) 
xxxvij. how ihe^s was lad to scole. 

(p. 692) 
xxxviij. howiheffusraisid a dede childe. 
faUin out of a loft. (p. 704) 
xxxix, how ihe^us bare fe water in his 
lap quen pe pot was brokin. 
(p. 706) 



(50) Of pe birth of sai^^t lohan 

baptist (p. 629) 

(51) Of pe birth of Saint marl (p. 6C 

(52) Of pe sposage of saint mi 

(p. 613) 

(53) Of pe belying Of saint mt 

(p. 621 ?) 

(54) Of saint ion pe bapti$^ (p. 62^ 

(55) Of zacari a77d elysaheth (p. 6^ 

(56) Of pe birth of iesu (p. 643) 

(57) Of pe cironmsicion & 

Of pe purificaoion (p. 649) 

(58) Of pe offiing & 

Of pe fhre kinges (p. 653) 



(59) Of pe dede of pree 

(60) Of innocentes & (p. 663) 

Of pe bamhed of iesu (p. 665 



[faibpax] [g6ttingen] 

* Crossed through with the pen. 
' The former half of this piece is scratched out in the text. 



TABLES OF CONTENTS IN FAIRFAX AND GdTTINOEN MSS. {AGBS 5, 6.) 3a 

• 

xL how fe quete multiplied atte 

ihe^us sewed, (p. 706) 
xlj. how pQ lions and pe quelpis 
honoured ihe«us. (p. 708) 
^xlij. how ihe^us drogh a short* tree 

lange. (p. 710) 
xli^. how ])ai led ih^^us eft to j^e 

scole. (p. 712) 
xliiij. how ])ai led ihe^us pe ])rid 
time to fe scole. (p. 714) 
xlv. Of an loseph raisid be ihe«us. 

(p. 716) 
xlvj. how ihe^us slogh Je nedder. 

(p. 718) 
xlvij. how fe li3t of heiuen shane 

on iheras slepande. (p. 720) 
xlviy. how ihe^us disputid wij? pe 

doctours. (p. 722) 
xlix. pQ kinradin of seint Anne and (61) Of ]>e sede Of saint anne (p. 727) 

hir i\j. housbandis. (p. 726) 



pe vj. elde of pe werlde. [The 6th Age of the World!] 

Of saint lohn pe baptist, and (62) Of pe baptising [ooi. sj of suete 

pe baptim of ihe«u crist bi ie^ (p. 737) 

him. (p. 736) 

(63) Ha pe feyind Tempped iesJi 

(p. 743) 

(64) Of pe dede of samt lohn pe 

baptist (p. 747) 
1. pe geddering of pe apostolis. (65) Of pe gadring Of pe apos^olis 

(p. 762) (p. 763) 

Ij. how ihe^us tumid water in- (66) Of pemiraolisOf ie$acrist(p. 767) 

to wine atte pe bridale. 

(p. 766) 
l\j. pe passioun of ihe^u crist. 

(p. 864) 

[Fairfax] [odTTiNOBN] 

> Leaf2(. 



TABLES OF CONTENTS IN FAIRFAX AND G6TTINGEN MSS {AQm' 6.) 



liij. A Predicacion oftcr the pas- 
sioun. (missing in the text : 
see ch, Ixxj,^. 1470) 



li£g. hxsfw ihesuB spolied helle ofter 
pe resurreccioun. (p. 1022) 



Iv. Of J)e faimes of Ihesu crist. 

and his bodeli liknes in er]). 

(p. 1078) 
Ivj. how ])ai chese Mathie apos- 

tel ])orou ])e hali gaste. 

(p. 1080) 
Ivij. Of fe comyng of pe haligast 

on witsonday. (p. 1084) 



viij. how saint stenin was stanid. 

(p. 1110) 
lix. Of J)e Conuersion of saint 

Paule. (p. 1122) 
Ix. Of ])e life of our lauedi 

(p. 1148) 
Ixj. Of fe bodi of our lauedi. 

(p. 1182) 
Ixij. how pe apo^des endid. 

(p. 1192) 

xiij. how pG hali cros was fundin 
be Elaine, (p. 1222) 

[Fairfax] 



67) Of i&ari msLgialen (p. 803) 

68) Of martha (p. 809) 
69)Oflazar(p. 811) 

70) Of ])e marjB aT^d Of iesu crist 

(p. 817) 

71) Of haruing Of heU (p. 1023) 

72) Of pe resurreccion Of i^^u crist 

(p. 997) 

73) Of pe asccTioion Of iesu crist 

(p. 1075) 

74) Of ])e£Ekyniesofie«ucrist(p. 1079) 



75) Of ])e haU gast (p. 1085) 



76) Of pe coming of fe hali gast 

(p. 1085) 

77) Of pe preching Of pe apo^^olis 
(p. 1105) 

78) Of pe Btonjng of saint steuen 

(p. 1111) 

79) Of pe cristi/^y/ig Of saint panl 

(p. 1123) 

80) Of pe Ijjf of Saint mari & 

Of pe assumpsion Of saint mari 
(p. 1147) 

81) Of pe apo^^olis & cooi. 4 of pe 

ewangel[ists] (p. 1193) 

82) Of pe wh [illegible and torn] « 

83) Of pe findyn[g] Of pe hali cr[os] 

(p. 1223) 

[gOttingen] 



TABLES OP CONTENTS IN FAIRFAX AND OdTTINGBN IfSS. {aGE 7, ETC.) ia 



Ixiiij. ))e vij. elde of J>e werlde. 

Of antecrist come be-for fe 
dome. (p. 1258) 
Ixv. Of the XV. signis. be-for J)e 
dome. (p. 1282) 



Ixvj. A prcdicacion wif J)e cowclu- 

siouw. (p. 1354) 

Ixvij. Compassioim of our lauedi for 

fe passiouw of hir sone. 

(p. 1367) 

Ixviij. Of J)e concepcion of our lauedi 

pupHstbeanabbot. (p. 141 6) 



[The 7th Age of the World.] 

(84) Of antecrist (p. 1259) 

(85) Of fijf[ten toknis of] >e day of 

[doom] (p. 1283) 

(86) Of Jje paynes [of heU] (p. 1327) 

(87) Of pines of pwrga[tori] 

(88) Of J)e ioye Of henen (p. 1335) 

(89) Of fenenyngOf J)ewrld(p.l353) 



(90) Of pe mnrning Of saint mari 

Efter ]}e passion Of snete ie^n 
(p. 1368) 

(91) Of ]7e concepcion Of saint mari 

& Hon ]}at it first was fonden 
(p. 1417) 



\Addition8 to the Cursor : See tJie author^ 8 Prologue, p. 21.] 

fe crede. expouned. (p. 1430) 

Jje Pater nosten (p. 1436) (92) Of J)e pa^er no^^er (p. 1437) 

Ixix. An orisouw of J)e trinite. (93) Of Je orison (p. 1456) 

(p. 1454) 

Ixx. fe matinisof J)e cros. (p. 1458) (94) Of ]}epassionOfiesncrist(p. 1459) 



[TJie Book of Penance.] 



Ixxj. A predicacioun of ])e faip. (95) Of pe boke Of penance 



(p. 1470) 
Ixxij. how man agh to shriue him 
iij. falde. (p. 1480) 



[The Gottingen MS. 7iow ends in 
the prologue to the "Boke of 
Penance,'' p. 1475, I 25766] 
fe secund point of shrift. (96) Of fe p2^rgatori Of saint patrick 

(p. 1484) [Not now in the MS.] 

Shrift "wif mouj). (p. 1485) 
Ixxiy. shrift fat faUis to fe bisshope. [A shield in 4 quarters, much 7'^uhhed.] 



(p. 1490. See too p. 15SI) 
[Fairfax] 



[gCttingen] 



45 TABLE OP CONTENTS IN THE FAIRFAX MS 14. 

Ixxii^'. Abstinaunce fra penaunce. 
Ixxy. Of the Office of prest. (p. 1514) 
Ixxvj. J)e vij. dedeli synnis. (p. 1524) 

[l^P" The quire or quires containing the end of chap. Ixxyj {from Drunken- 
ness, ^. 1546, I, 27,900 below) and chapters Ixxvij to the first part of Ixxxx 
(ch. 90, p, 1668 below), Cato, have been torn out of the Fairfax M8. and 
are given below from Cotton Galba E Ix (toith Vespasian E ^^^).] 

[Ixxvij. Confessiou/i of venial sy/inis. (p. 1558, 1. 28558) 
pxxviij. How venial synnis sulde be clansid. (p. 1559, L 28576) 

An shrift of al be-fore saide. (p. 1559, L 28588) 
plxxix.2 Qf satisfaccioun. (p. 1560) 
[Ixxx. Of tempering of mawnis flesshe. (p. 1570) 
[Ixxxj. Of fastinge. (p. 1671^ 
pxxxij. Of discipline, (p. 1573) 
[Of penaunce. (p. 1575) 
[Ixxxiij. casis in J)e quilk fe pape salle assoile. (p. 1577) 
[Ixxxiiij. how man is cursid forou his awen dide. (p. 1578) 
[Ixxxv. he fat smitis a clerk/ ^ in Jjer casis mai nojt be assoilid hot of be 

bisshope.* (p. 1581) 
[Ixxxvj. how J)ou mai comune wij) a cursid man and J)ou nojt cursid. (p. 1583) 
[Ixxxvij. how cursinge is double, (p. 1584) 
[Ixxxviij. how fe cursid mai nojt be cursid. (p. 1585) 
pxxxix. how mani manor of sentence is calde vn-rijtwise. (p. 1585, L 29505)] 

Ixxxx. Catou7i litil. 

catoun mykiL^ (incomplete: Appendix IV, p. 1668) 

[Fairfax] 



[On Fairfax 14, leaf I, foot, Mate l^th-cent hand, 

9 Worthyes 



3 
3 
3 



Jewes 

gentils 

christians 



Josua Dauid Maccabeus 

Hector Alexander Julius Cesar 

Arthur Charlemayn godfrey Boleyne that won holy CTOSse 
At back, a note about 'nycholas batson . . of the Cytie of york*. 

On back of slip attacht, the names Tomas Bellyngham, Robarttw Belljng- 
ham, Tomas of Canterbere, 'Roherius Crank.] 

" Leaf 3. » Ixix, MS. » MS, crek. 

* The Cotton MS. Vespasian A 3 agrees with the Fairfax 16 in giving the power to the 
Bishop f while Cotton Galba E 9 gives it to the priest, * A simple prest ' : see p. 1581-8} 
L 29373, 29383-5, 29397, 29409. 

' Leaf 3, back, has some scribbling, and some Latin lines, in a later hand. 



! 



TABLE OF CONTENTS IN LAUD AIS. 



[Lcitid MS. 416, leaf 65 (old paging Cxvj.), the only leaf left.] 

Calendariam de Carsor mundi. 

[The Ut Age of the World, p. 24.] 

IF If" ye "wiH here of* the trenyte dere // And of* y niakyng of* i p ... 
this world it apperyj) le foile ) ^^"'^ 

f Of" bodely substaunce for to wytte ... ... ... ... ) p .^ 

Mannia soule what is it le foUe ... ... ] 

^ Of* the estjEite the world was ynne // by-fore y tyxne of* adam is ) p 
synne le foile .... ... ... ... ... ... j 

IF How adam brak* the coxnaundment / wherfor kynd of man was ) p . 
shent le foile ... ... ... ... ... . . . j *' 

IF Of* the estate the world was ynne / After the tyme of adam is ) p .. 
synne le foile ... ... ... ... ... . . . j '^ 

IF Of* adam is endyng teH woH y / And of* the oyle of mercy ) p ... 
le foile I ^xxiij 

JLO XV/XAO ... ... ... ... ... ... ...I 

^ The genelogy of* Adam old? of Seth / & cayme shall be told . . . Cxxiiij 

^ How mannys soule that y of mene / conipti]? aH this worldf by ) p 
ciene le loiie ... ... ... ... ... ... ***3 

[The 2nd Age of the WoiM, p. 102.] 
% Here begynnylfi of noie lede / The Second world for to Sede Cxxv 

[The 3rd Age of the World, p. 140.] 
IF Of the third elde is now to tell // Who so wiH a stound duel! ) p . 

Xv XvUiO ... ... ... ... ... ... ...I 

^ Of ysaak* now wiH we nevyn / That louid was yrith god in ) p 

hevyn le foile ... ... ... ... ... ... ) ^^^^^J 

f Now is good to vndirtake / the story to teH of Sir Isaak* \ p 

iXi XvXXw ... ... .•« .a. ... ... ...I 

f The story of lacob begynnytE here / & also of his sonne dere Cxxxvi.j 



6 CALENDARIUM DE CURSOR MUNDI. (lAUD MS. 416.) 

IT Of* moyses now wiH we tell / yf* ye will a stound duell le foile Cxlvj 
IF Off* the tre of lyf* skall y telle // Andf of* the folk* of* israeH ) ^j 

xt3 JiiJlAsi ••• ... •*• ... ... .*■ •••! 

IT lystenyth now to my saw // Tell I shaH of* moyses law le foile Clj 

[The ith Age of the World, p. 454.] 
IF Here begynnyth vttyrly the iiij*^ eld? of* kyng davy Clix 

[The 5th Age of the World, p, 532.] 

IF Of swete Ihe^u the prophecy // lystynnyjj and I shaH sey on \ p??. . 
nie le loiie •*. •.• ••• ••• •.* •*• ***/ 

IF lystynnyth now vnto my lessouw / that will here of* the con- 1 p" . 
cepcion le foile ... ... ... ... ... ... j ** «' 

^IF Why Ihesxi Cryst borne wolcJ be // Of* a spbwsid maide tett ) p??. .... 
we xe 101x6 ... ... ... ... ... ... ...y 

XX 

IF How hir grete gabrieti // Now is good here to tell ... •.. Ciij xiiij 

IF How Ihesu did in childbed // Sum thyng y will you rede) p". 
1p foilft i •^ 

X\y XVAXV ... ... ... ... ... ... ...I 

[The ^th Age of the World, p. 736.] 

ili ye here on what wyse // Ihe^u did Jazar to ryse // But ) p". j 

e furthir go / speke we of* his sustirs ij° le foile . . . j ^ \ 

passhion speke we here / how he vs bought Ihesu so ) p" . 
1p foilft \ J 

Xv7 XwXXO ... ... ... ... ... ... ...I 

IF Of* loseph of* aramathy to speke now spede woll y ... ... CCvy 

Who desyrif gret pardouri // heryf of* oure lady assumpczon . . . CCxxij 

[The 7th Age of the World, p. 1258.] 
IF Now is good for to wend // to speke of* fis worldiV end ... CCxxviy 

IF Now is good to be herd / how antecryst shaH be bred ... CCxxix 

IF Of* XV dais f er is to say / ShaH faH byfore y domis day . . . CCxxxj 

IF Now be we so farforj)* come // l^peke mote we of* the dome ) pp 

[The rest of the page is blank, this MS not being intended to contain any of the 

Additions in other MS8.] 

[' leaf 65, back.] 



IF Now witt 
ar we 

IF Of* the 
dere 



THE LAST, WE SHALL FIND OUT OUR SORROW TOO LATE. NOW IS THE TDCB 1361 
FOB BBPENTANOE j EVERY DAY WE ARE SUMMONED TO MAKE READY. 

Qui sell we vs-self vnto pat soru, Whi selle we vs to fat sorwe 

fat na boruth. vs fra mai borul 23792 j)at no fing may vs aftir borwe 

Als wrecbes wid vr will forsakis. We wreccbes wiUefulv forsake 

fat selines fat neuer slakis. pe selynes fat neuer sbal slake 

Batb of fat soru and of fat sele Bof e of sorwe & of fat sele 

I wene I baue said 3U sum-dele. 23796 ^e baue berde bifore som dele 

Quat f ai er to fand, to tell f e sotb, [ 

Batb me wantes tung and totb ; 

f e broiden blis to cristes dere, 

f e bale fat him forsakis bere, 23800 . . 710 gap in Trln. ^ Laud MSS,] 

we baue vs forwid wais tua, We. baue bifore vs wayes two 

f e tane to wele, f e tof er to wa. Jje ton to wele f e tof er to wo 

To quef er we will freli mai we ga, Frely to wbider we wol to gon 

Als till VT freind, or till vr fa. 23804 To oure frendes or to oure fon 

Bot if we fan for-sake vr freind, If we f en»e forsake oure frende 

And cbes vs til vr f a to weind, To chese vs to oure foos to wende 

fan far i sai, and lies nogbt, J)enwe dar I seye & ly^e nou3t 

In sorful time fan war we wrogbt ; In sorwef ul tyme were we wrou^t 

A sorful time till vr biboue, 23809 A sorweful tyme to oure biboue [leaf 1423 

Bot godd forbede fat we it proue. But god forbade fat we bit proue 

Quen we it proue fan es to late, Wbenwe we bit proue bit is to late 

Es far na mending fat of state, J)enwe is no mendyng of oure state 

Es far na way bifor vs ridd, 23813 pere is no wey bifore vs rud 

Cum take vs better fan we did. But to go rijt as we dud 

For qua ne dos nogbt quen be mai, For who fat dof not wbenwe be may 

Quen he wald, men sais him nai. Wbenwe be wolde bit wol be nay 

Here es fe time al forto grete, 23817 Here is tyme for to grate 

Here es f e time vr sinnes bete, Hare is tyme synne to bete 

Ouf er liere or noufer-quar ellis, Ouf er here or nowhere elles 

fat wittnes us all hali spellis. J5at witenessef alle holy speUes 

Ilk day we baue somun [leaf iss, back, ooi. i] IF Vche day we baue somoun 

For to graith and make vs bun, 23822 For to make vs redi houn 

fat ilke day we se and here, pat euery day we se and here 

we au it nogbt to bald in were. Wo owe hit not to holdem were 

f e spellers fines nogbt to spell, 23825 pe p?*echoures fynen not to spelle 

f e sotb f ai spar vs nogbt to tell, pe sof e f ei spare vs not to telle 
86 gCttingbn trinity 



1362 WB SELDOM GO TO HEAR A SERMON ; MAN IS LOATH TO HEAR EVIL OF HIM- 
SELF, BUT RATHER HEARS WHAT HE LIKES. BUT OUR WILL MAKES US BLIND, 



For to do US be-war wit hell ; — 

fair spede es noght a iiutenscell. 

Selden com we sarmon nere, 23829 

Lath us thine it for to here, 

Jje ere f ar-to selden we lai, 

Bot ferr it es vr hert awai ; 23832 

For said it es for gain mani rathe. 

Lathe «s to here )7at man es lathe, 

Qwarfor o faim lat we sa ill, 

Bot for fai spek again vr will. 23836 

He ]7at me sals all pat me likes, 

Godd it wijt mast he me likes. 

For if we self vs vnderstod, 23839 

Vr will us dos ful littel god, "^'Sg^^^i^eJ^^ 

Bot of vr skil oft mas us blind, 

p here-after shulle we yt fyncJ] 

Find we sail leist qiten we wene, 

All sal we to pe ded be-dene. 23844 

Wi qui pan mak we us sa kene, 

pis es al pat i me mene, 

Mikel wald i mene and mote. 

Wist i pat it me war bute, 23848 

Ai to spell and noght to spede. 

Wasting it es o godds sede. ^ms^Jb]"^ 

[2hyt is not worthy to tille pat feldf] 

pat noght again pe sede mai yeild ; 

(^iia bot es ai o right to rede, 23853 

pat neuer funden es in dede. 

Mikel here and littel hald, 

Bot war a ribaude us tald. 

Or a fantime or of a fabel, 23857 

, pat suld we hald in hert stabel. 
In hert to hald it als a hord, 
Qwen noght es mad o crists word. 

• Hu mai he be him-seluen hald 
pat cheses him pe led for gold, 23862 

COTTON 



for to make vs warre of helle. 
paire speche is no^t worp a shelle. 
IT seldin come we sarmou?z nere 
lap vs pink hit for to here, 
pe ere per-to seldin we lay. 
bot ferre hit is our hert a-way. 
for saide hit is gahe mani jere 
pat man louis no3t : lap is to here, 
par-fore of preychours lete pai ille. 
for pai speke againe paire wille. 
IT he pat me sais alle pat me likis. 
god hit wate maste he me squikis. 
for if we wele vs vnderstode. 
our wille vs dos ful litel gode. 
bot of resoun makis vs blinde. 
quen we ga pat sal we finde. 
finde we salle quen we leste wene. 
al salle we to pe dede be dene, 
quy make we vs pen pus kene. 
of pis is al pat L me mene. 
mikil walde L me mel & mote, 
wiste I. pat hit ware ani bote. 
ay to preiche & no3t to spede. 
hit is bot wasting" of c?'istis sede. 
IF il worpi hit is to tile a felde. 
pat no^t againe pe sede mai 3elde. 
quat bote is ay of ri^t to rede 
pat neuer fundin is in dede 
to here mikil & litel lialde 
bot ware a ribaudi vs talde 
of a fantum or of a fabil. 
pat walde we halde in hert stabiL 
in hert to halde hit as a horde 
& no^t to sette be goddis worde. 
phow may he to hym-self* be hold 
That chesyth lede And levyp pe goliJ] 

FAIRFAX 



P from Laud 
MS. 416] 



AND WE SHALL HAVE DEATH WHEN WE LEAST THINK OP IT. I WISH IT WEBE 1363 
ANY USB MY TALKING ! IT IS ILL TILLING A FIELD THAT WILL NOT YIELD AGAIN^ 



For to vs do be-war wid hell ; — 
fair spede ne es worth a note-schell. 
Selden cum we sannun nere, 23829 
Lath vs thine it for to here, 
J>e ere selden J)ar-to we lay, 
Bot fer it es vr hert a-way ; 23832 
For said it es gane mani rath, 
Lath vs to here fat man es lath, 
Quarfor of paim late we so ill, 23835 
Bot for J)ai speke again vr will. 
He ])at me sais al pat me likes, 
Godd it wat mast he me suikes. 
For if we self vs vnder-stode, 23839 
vr will vs dos ful littel gode, 
Bot of vr skil oft mas vs bhnd, 
Qaen can fand pat sal we £nd. 23842 
Find we sal, lest quen we wene, 
All sal we to ])e dede bidene. 
wi qui pan make we vs sua kene. 
Of pis es all pat i me mene, 23846 
Mekil wald i mene and mote, 
wist i me war ani bote, 
Ai to spell and noght to spede, 
wasting it es of goddes sede. 23850 
HI worth it es to tell pe feild, 
pat noght again pe sede wil 3eild ; 
Quat bote es ai of right to rede, 
pat neuer funden es indede. 23854 
Mekil here and littil hald, 
Bot war a ribaudri vs tald. 
Of a fantum ouper a fable, 23857 

pat suld we hald in herte stable, 
In hert to hald it als a hurd, [coi. 2] 
Que?i noght es made of cristes word. 
Hu mai he be him-seluen hold 23861 
pat cheses him pe lede for gold* 

gOttingen 



To do vs of helle to be ware 
But neuer pe bettur mony are 
Selden come we scrmou?i nere 
Loop vs pinkep hit to here 
Oure ere selden ]>erto we ley 
But fer is oure hert awey 

[ 

. . no gap in Trin, ^ Laud MSS,^ 
Wherfore of hem let we so ille 
But for pei speke ajein oure wille 
He pat me seip moost pat me likep 
God hit wot moost he me hi swikep 
For if we wel vs vndirstode 
Oure wille dop vs litil gode 
But ofte oure skil makep vs blynde 
Here aftir shul we hit fynde 
Fynde we hit shul leest whew we wene 
AUe shul we to pe deep bidene 
From hit may we no way scape 
For no wile pat we con make 
Muche wolde I here of mote 
Wist I hit were any bote 
Euer to speke & not to spede 
Wastyng hit is of goddes sede 
Hit is not worpi to tile pat felde 
\>at not pe seed a3eyn wol ^elde 
What bote is hit of ri^t to rede 
J3at neuer founden is in dede 
Muche to here & litil to holde 
But were a ribaudry vs tolde 
Of a fantom or a fabul 
J3at wolde we holde in herte stabul 
In herte pat is a sory hord 
To kepe hit raper pen cristis word 
How may he to him self be holde 
\)at chesep leed & leuep golde 

'TRINITY 



1364 HOLT WBIT GIVES US EXAMPLES WHAT TO FOLLOW AND WHAT TO AVOID ; W 
MUST KINDLY TEACH ONE ANOTHER, FOR WE ARE ALL BRETHREN IN CHRIST's FOLI 



All fat witten es in writt 23863 

Wroglit es for to lere vs wijt, 

Hu we agli to lede vr lijf, [coi. 2] 

Cristen folk, bath man and wijf. 

In eldrin men vr mirur se 23867 

Qwat for to folu, quat for to fle, 

Jje thinges fat we self ne can 

For to frain.at ofer man, p ms. Be-bonerU] 

And lie fat can mar fan anof er, 23871 

De-bonerli^ to teche his broif er ; 

All ar we href er, yong and alld, 

For vs was crist bath boght and said, 

He has us in his nuwibur tald, 23875 

Als his scepe of his aim fald, 

Thoru hirdes fat f e lauerd has sett, 

fat he will fat his folk be gett. 

He has us chosen for vr mede, 23879 

His hali folk all for to fede ; 

Amang f aa hirdes am i an, — 

Sa wreche vnworthi wat i nan, — 

fat til crists grace i haf me tan 23883 

Loued be he lauerd of all his Ian. 

A besaunt es me taght to sete 

fat i him agh to yeild wit dette, 

f ar-for agh i me for to pain 23887 

To yeild him wit biyeit again, 

AU behouis vs yeild ilkan, 

A-cont efter fat we ha tan ; 

Sum for mar and sum for less, 23891 

Efter fat vr giftes ess, 

fat fat besaunt rote noght in hord, 

fat agh be spend in were and word. 

Here i haf a littel spend, 23895 

In word fat efter i entend, 

.Moght i mar, godd wat mi mode, 

I aght it all at spend in gode, 23898 

COTTON 



IT Alle fat writin is in writte. 
wrojt is for to lere vs witte. 
how we agh to lede our life, 
cristin folk baf man & wife, 
in eldrin men our mirour se. 
quat for to folow quat for to fle. 
f e f ingis fat we our-self ne can. 
for to lere atte of er man. 
& he fat can mare fen a-nof er. 
bonerli to teyche his brof er. 
al ar we bref er 3onge & halde. 
for vs was crist baf bo3t & salde, 
he has vs. in his noumbre talde 
als his shepe for his awen falde. 
f orou hirdes fat f e lordis has sette. 
fat he wil fat his folk be gette. 
IT he has vs chosin for our mede. 
his hali folk al for to fede. 
a-mang< f er hirdis am I. an. 
sa wi'ecche vn-worf i wate I. nane 
f er to haue I. c?'iste grace me tane 
louid be he lorde of his lane. 
a besaunt is me ta3t to sette. 
fat I him agh to 3ilde wif dette. 
f er-fore stgh I. me to paine. 
to 3ilde him wif wil fat of gaine. 
als be-houis vs 3ilde ilkan. 
a-count efter fat we haue tane. 
sum for mare & sum for lesse. 
efter fat our giftis is. 
at fat besaunt rote no3t in horde 
fat agh be spende in were in worde 
here I. haue a litel spende. 
In worde efter fat L entende. 
mu3t I. mare god wate my mode 
I. agh hit for to spende in gode. 

FAIRFAX 



HE HAS SET SHEPHERDS TO FEED HIS SHEEP, OF WHICH I AH AN UNWORTHY 1365 
ONE. HE HAS GIVEN ME A TALENT (BESANT) THAT I MUST USB AND ACCOUNT FOR. 



[A]ll Jjat written es in writt 23863 

wroght it es to lere vs witt, 

Hu we au to lede vr lijf, 

Cristen folke, bath, maw and wijf, 

In eldrin m.en vr mernir mai se 23867 

Quat forto fulv, quat forte fle, 

J?e tliinges fat we self ne can 

For to frain at o)?er man, 

And he fat mare can fan anof er, 

Debonerip] teche his brofer ; 23872 

All er we brefer, 3ing and aid, 

For vs was crist bath boght and said, 

He has vs in his riumbre tald, 

Als his schep of his aun fald, 23876 

Thorn herdes fat vr lauerd has sett, 

fat he will fat his folk be gett. 

He has vs chosin for vr mede, 

His haU folk for to fede j 23880 

Ajnang f aa herdes am i ane, — 

Sua wreche vnwortM wat i nane,— 

far-til haue i cristes grace me tane 

Loned be he lauerd of all his lane. 

A besant es me taght to sett 23885 

fat i him aght to 3eild wid dett, 

f ar-for an i me to paine 

To jeild him wid bijate again, 23888 

Als bihouis vs jeild ilkane, 

Acunte efter fat we haf tane ; 

Sum for mare and sum for less, 

Efter fat vr giffces es, 23892 

fat fat besant rote noght in horde, 

fat au he send in werk and worde. 

Here i haue a littel spend, 

In word efter fat i entend, 123896 

^Moght i mare, godd wate mi mode, 

I au it for to spend in gode, ^^^f i|^* 

GOTTINGEN 



Al f e writyng in holy writt 

Is writen to teche vs wit 

How we owe to lede oure lif 

Cristen folk mon & wif 

In eldre men may we se 

What to folwe & what to fle 

Jjinges fat we not ne con 

For to aske at of er mon 

And he fat more con fen of er 

Debonerly fen we to teche his brof er 

Alle are we bref er jonge & olde 

Crist for vs was boujte & soldo 

He haf vs in his noumbre tolde 

As for shepe of his folde 

j5our3e herdes fat oure lord haf set 

For he wol his sheep be get 

He haf vs chosen for oure mede 

His holy folke for to fede 

Vche mon ri3tly to deme 

His owne soule haf to 3eme 

And vche of vs witturly 

Haf receyued goddes tresory 

Riche besauwtis of golde f ei ben 

Somme lasse & somme moo to sen 

J)o besauwtis so fat we biset 

j)at we may wel paye oure det 

To acouwte were shul gone 

Aftir fat we toke vchone 

Somme for more & somme for les IjJJ^JJ* 

Aftir fat oure 3iftus wes | 

He 3yue vs grace so to acounte ^ 

J3at we may to heuen mounte « £ 

Jjad sprad was on an harde tre "Jg 

Nailed naked f er on to be 

Oure fadir maker of alle f inge 

])at neuer shal haue endynge 

A . M . E . N* TRINITY 






f 

OQ 



1366 I GIVE UP MY LIFE AND SOUL TO MARY, AND WILL TELL MORE OP HER ELSE- 
WHERE. I PRAY THEE, LADY, ACCEPT THIS RUDE AND LITTLE WORK, WHICH IS 



In his wirscip, J)at mighti mek, 23899 

And maria mild his moder eke. 

Hir louning aght i neuer blin, 

To-quils mi lijf lastes in, 

Lijf and saul i yeild hir till, 23903 

f ar-for leuedi sco do hir wilL 

Of hir wirscip J)at mai mar, 

I sal of tell sum elles quar, 

Qtien i mai cam to better space, 

Efter SCO sendes me hir grace. 23908 

[Prayer to 

Leuedi lok to fis caitif clerc, 
For-sak fou noght his stubul were. 
For )Jof i[t] rude and stubel be, [if is4, coi. i] 
It es in worscip wroght o J?e. 23912 
I prai leuedi if Jjou wald seme. 
To tak J)is littel were to quern, 
Suilk als it es, for-sak it noght, 
To )jin be-boue fan es it wroght ; 
To fi seruis and to mi pru, 23917 
Qua seruis f e wele yeildes )?ou, 
fat i J?e can noght serue in dede. 
Mi will ic hope f ou will me spede. 
For mede ic ask a littel bone 23921 
fat i besek wit wordes quone, 
fou giue me grace quils ic her hon 
Mi sinnes to bete fat i ha don. 
If i eft MR on ani wise, 23925 

Eapeli f ou do me for to rise, 
f i suns ded to mon on ai. 
And on min aun last dai, 23928 

fat es nu mi hope be fan mi hald, 
gain fat brem fat es sa bald I 
f i leme leuedi vs light emell, 
fat he mot haueles hurl to hell^ 23932 

COTTON . . 



IT In his worshepe fat mi^ti meke. 
& mari mUde his moder eke. 
hir louing* agh I. neuer to blin. 
to quiUst my life is me wif -in. 
life & saule I. 3ilde hir tille. 
f er-of lauedi ho do hir wille. 
of hir worshepe fat I. mai mare 
telle in hir name ellis-quare. 
quen I. mai come to better space 
ofter ho sendis me hir grace 

Our Lady.] 

Lauedi loke to f i caitiue clerk 
for-sakenojt here f is stubbil werl 
for if hit rude & stubbil be. [leaf io« 
hit is in worshepe wro3t of f e. 
I. prai f e lauedi f is mote f e seme 
to take f is litel werk* to queme. 
suche as hit is for-sake hit nojt. 
to f i bihoue fen is hit wro3t. 
to seruise fine & to mi prow, 
qua seruis f e f wele ^ildis f ou. 
if I. can no3t wiseli hit say 
allowe mi wille lauedi I. pray, 
for-f i I. aske a litil bone, 
fat I. be-seke wif wordis fone. 
gif me grace quiHst I. here wone 
my syn amende fat I. haue done 
& if eft I. falle on ani wise, 
radii dome for to rise, 
haue mercy on me now & ay. 
& namely atte mi last day. 
in f i keping< f ou me halde. 
a-gaine fat breme fat is sa balde 

[ 



no gap in tJie MS,"] 

FAIRFAX 



WROUGHT FOR THY SAKB AND SERVICE. I BESEECH A LITTLE BOON WITH FEW 1367 
WORDS : GIVE MB GRACE TO AMEND MY SINS j AND JESUS BE MY HOPE AT LAST. 



In his worscliip, fat mighti meke, 
And mari inilde his mofer eke. 23900 
'His louing au i neuer to blin, 
To-quilis mi lijf me lastes in, 
Lijf and saule i jeild hir till, 
far-of leuedi scho do hir will. 23904 
Of hir worschip fat i mai mare, 
I sal of-tell sum ellis quare, 
Quen i am come« to better space, 
Eftir scho sendis me hir grace. 23908 

[Prayer to 

[LJEuedi ! loke to f is caitiue clerk, 

For-sake J?u noght fis roide werk, 
For fou it roid and stubil be, 
It es in worschip wroght of fe. 23912 
I prai fe leuedi fu wald J?e seme, 
To take fis littel werk to queme, 
Suilk als it es, forsake it noght. 
To fi worschip i haue it wroght ; 
To fi seruis and to mi pru, 23917 
fat seruis f e wele 3eildes f u, 
fat i f e can noght serue in dede, 
Mi wil i hope f u will me mede. 
For me i ask a littel bone 23921 

fat i biseke wid wordis fone, 
Giue me grace quilis i here hone 
To bete mi sin fat i haue done. 
If i fal here on ani wise, 23925 

le^u fast do me for to rise, 
fi sunns dede to men on ay. 
And on min aim last day, 23928 

fat nu es mi hope be fan mi hald, 
Again fat breme fat es sua bald ! 
f e leme, leuedi ! vs light emell, 
fat he mot hafles hurl to hell, 23932 

OdTTINOEN 



In his worschip fat miht meke 
And Mari mild his moder eke 
Hir loving acht I neuzV blin 
To qwtlis mi lif me lastis in 
Lif and sawel I yeld hir til 
f arof leuedi sco don hir wil 
Of hir worschip fat I mai mare 
I sal tel of sum of er quar 
Quen I mai cum to better space 
Alter SCO sendis me hir grace 

Our Lady,'\ 

Leuedi lok to f is caitif clerk 
For-sak f u noht this stubil werk 
For f oh it royd and stubil be 
It [es] in worsip wroht to f e 
I prai f e leuedi f u wald the sem 
To tak f is litil werk to quern 
Swilk als it es forsak it noht 
To fin bihoue fan was it wroht 
To f i seruis and to mi pru 
fat seruis te wel yeldis tu 
fat ik kan noht serue in ded 
Mi wil ic hop f ou wil me med 
For med ik ask a litil bon 
fat ik biseke wit wordis quon 
Gif me grace hir qwil ik hon 
Mi sin to bet fa ik haf don 
If ik eft fal on ani wis 
Ratheli do me for to ris 
f i sunis dede to monin ai 
And on min awen last dai 
fat nu es mi hop be fan mi hald 
Ogain fat brem fat es sa bald 
f i lem vs leuedi Hht emel 
fat he moht hafeles ga til hel 

EDINBURGH 



1368 HEAR HY PRATER FOR ALL THAT ARE DEAR TO HE, AND FOR ALL CHRIS 
TIANS, THAT THEY MAY HAVE THE GRACE OF THY SON. IF I COULD SPEAK 



Lede me J)e wit befcrr fi sun 23933 
For euermar wit yow to won. 
J)is ilk praier leuedi fou here, 
For f aa fat ar me lijfe and dere, 
And for all cristen folk alsua, 23937 
Bath quick and ded and freind and fa, 
fou do fam haf f i suns grace 
To Hue be-for his luueli face. 23940 



AU pat Jis hok or hers or redes, 23943 
Leuedi 1 fam help in all fair nedes. 



Se lamentactone Harie 

[S]pell yeit i wald spek if i cuth, 
War ani mirthes in mi muth. 
For mikel i haf to mote ; 23947 

Bot fat in hir hord es fest, 
I^ed-wais vte he-houis it brest, 

bale to bru sum bote. 23950 

IT Sco fat es bote of al vr bale, 

Of hir truli it es mi tale, 

Hir muming for to min. 

For fat soru fat sco sei, 23954 

Hir suet sun on rod drei, 

Als thoru his aun kin. 

^ Hir piniwg was hir suns pine 23957 
fair baif er paines aght to be mine 
If fat i luue f am treu ; [coi. 2] 

1 se him hang, i se hir wring, 
[f e car all of fat cumli king,] 

All cristen agh to reu. 23962 

COTTON 



& lede me wif f e to f i sone. 
for euer-mare wif ^ou to wone. 
IF f is ilk praiere lauedi f ou here, 
for fa fat ar me leue & dere. 
& for alle cristen folk al-squa. 
for quik. & dede. frende. & fa 
f ou do ham haue f i sonis grace 
to come in-to fat faire place 
f e?* ioy is euer wif-outen ende. 
& of faire life ham to amende, 
al at f is boke heris & redis. 
lauedi ham help in al faire nedis. 

IT Iste liber restat Domino lohanni d 

croft 

Compas8siou/2 of our lauedi for f e 
passioun of Mr gone. 

Faine walde I speke if I. couf e 
ware ani mirf is in my mouji 
for mikil I. haue to mote 
bot fat in hertis rote is rest, 
nede ways out mote hit brest. 
of bale to bring sum bote. 

IT ho fat is bote of al bale 
of hir truli hit is my tale, 
hir mourning for to myn. 
for fat sorou fat ho sey. 
hir squete sone on rode dreye 
als f orou his awen kyn. 

IT Hir pinis ware hir sonis pine, 
faire baf er pinis agh to be mine, 
if fat I. loue ham trewe 
hir loueli fingris ho did wringe. 
f e care al of fat cumli kinge. 
al cristen agh to rewe. 

FAIRFAX 



IIIRTH I WOULD ; BUT WHAT IS IN THB HEART MUST BURST OUT. MY TALE 13C9 
IS OF THE MOURNING OF HER WHO IS THE OURE FOR ALL OUR WOE. 



And lede me wid }>e for ^i sun 23933 

For euer-mare wid ju to won. 

[Jj]i8 ilk praier leuedi ! J)u here, [coi. «] 

For ]}a ]}at er me leue and dere, 23936 

And for all cristen folk alsua, 

Bath, quick and dede, freind and fa, 

pn do paha haue pi suns grace 

To Hue bifor his l[u]ueli face. 23940 



And led me wit pe for pi son 
For euir mar wit him to won 
pis ilk praier louedi pu her 
For pa pat er me lefe and der 
And for al cn'stin folk alswa 
Bape qiiik and ded frend emd fa 
pou do paim haf pi sonis grace 
To leuiw bifor his leueli face 



All pat pis boke heris or i*edis, 23943 Al pat pis bok or heris or red is 
Leuedi ! paim help in all pair nedis. Leuedipai7/ihelpinal'pairnedis. Amen. 



[} Uiu 28950 in MS. eome$ after 1. 82M7.] 
[S Km 2S956 in MS. come$ after 1. 28953.] 

[The 8orroi08 of Mary,] 

[S]pell jeit wold i, if i cuth, 

war ani mirthes in mi muth. 
For mekil i haue to mote ; 23947 
Bot pat in hertis hord es rest, 
Kedewais vte pan most it brest. 
^Of bale to breu sum bote, 23950 

Scho pat es bote of ilk a bale. 

Of hir tr^uli it es mi tale, 

Hir muming for to min. 

For pat soru pat scho sei, 23954 

Hir suete sun on rode drei. 

^All thoru his aun kin ; 

[H]ir pining was hir sun pine, 

pair bather pines au to be mine. 

If pat i luue paim treu ; 23959 

I se him hang, i se hir wring, 

pe car all of pat cumli king. 

All ciisten aue to reu. 23962 

adTTINOBN 



Incipiant dolores Beate Harie. 

[S]pel yet I wald spek if I cupe 
War ani mirpis in mi mupe 
For mikel haf to mot 
Bot pat in hertis we hordes rest 
Nedwais ut bihouis it brest 
Of bal to brew sum bot 

Sco pat es bet of al bale 
Of hir trewlik es al mi tale 
Hir mwming for to minne 
For pat soru pa sco seye 
Hir swet son on rod dreye 
Als poru his auen kinne 

Hir pining was hir sonis pin 

And pair pinis ach bape be min 

If pat I luf paim trew [leaf lo, back] 

I se him hang, I se hir wring 

pe car al of pat cumli king 

Al cristin aw to rew 

EDINBURGH 



1370 HOW THEY HAVE SLAIN THE GUILTLESS! HIS MOTHER NEVEB STOPS 
GRIEVING TO SEE HER SON SO TORTURED; HER GRIEF I MAY NOT SOOTHE, 



IT In hert to reu, in muth to quainy 
Hu Jjai haf J>at saccles sclain,^ 23964 
fe plaint it es far plight ; pMs.schain] 
(^uen he be-taght him til his aun, 
fai had him bath for-driuen and draiin, 
Als sceud es us to sight. 23968 

IT He hinges hei wit-vten boru, 

His moder fines noght to soru, 

Qwat selcut 1 certes nan, 23971 

To se hir aun flexs and blod 

Sua be pind on J?e rode, 

fat had na child bot an. 23974 

IT Hir dule ne ma i noght for-dill, 
Bot wit hir wepeing wepe i will, 
Wit crist to suffer sare ; 23977 

For all his bale was me to bete. 
He dranc fe sure and i f e suete. 
Mi baret all he bare. 23980 

IF Wede o welth wil i namar, 
Clething wil i me tak o care, 
far-til me standes nede, 23983 

And murn wit hir fat him bar ; 
Mad moder neuer sli murniwg ar ! 
fat reuth es of to rede. 23986 

IT Sai me moder witvten wem, 

Was f ou fan at ierusalem, 

Quen fi sun was laght, 23989 

Bunden and sua lathli lede, 

And bette ai til his bodi bledd, 

To pUate sua bi-taght ? 23992 

IT " I sai," coth f ou, " fat i was far, 
Bot charked sua i was wit care, 
Vnnethes i f eder wan ; 23995 

COTTON 



IF In hert to rew wif al f aire maine 

how f ai haue fat sacles slaine. 

f e plaint hit is f aire plijt. 

quen he come doun til his awen. 

f ai haue him baf for-driuen & drawe?! 

als we mai se wif sijt. 

IF he hingis heye wif -outen borou. 

his moder synnis nojt to sorou. 

quat selcouf ceHis nane. 

to se hir awen flesshe & blode. 

squa be pinid on a rode. 

fat had na childe bot an. 

IF hir dole ne may I. nojt for-dille. 
bot wif hir weping wepe I. wille. 
wif crist to suffre sare. 
for al his bale was me to bete, 
he dfanke f e soure & I f e squete 
my baret alle he bare. 

IF wede of welf I. wil na mare. 

& clef ing< wlI I. take of care. 

f er-to me standis nede. 

& moume wif hir fat him bare 

made neuer moder suche mourning* an 

fat reuf is of to rede. 

IF Sai moder wif -outen wemme. 
was f ou fen atte ien^^alem. 
quen atte f i sone was la3t. 
bundin & squa laf li led. 
& betin til his bodi bled 
to pilate squa be tajt. 

IF I say for-st)f fat I. was fare, 
bot carkid squa I. was wif care, 
vnnef is I f idder wanne. 

FAIRFAX 



BUT I WILL WEEP, I WILL WEAR GARMENTS NOT OP JOT BUT OP MOURNING. 1371 
" MOTHER, WERT THOU AT JERUSALEM WHEN THY SON WAS GIVEN OVER TO PILATE ] " 



[I]ii herte to reu, m muth to quain, 
Hu ])ai haue pat sackles slain, 23964 
J>e plaint it es fair plight ; 
Que/i he hitaght him till his aun, 
fai haf him hath fordriuen awd draun, 
Als scheu es vs til sight. 23968 

[H]e hinges hei widuten horu, 
His moder fines noght to soru, 
Quat selcuth? certes nan, 23971 

*To se hir aun fiess and blod 
Sua he pined on pe rode, 
))at had na child hot ane. 23974 

• 

[H]ir dole ne mai i noght for-dill, ^jj^» 
Bot wid hir weping wepe i will, '^°^' ^^ 
wid crist to suffer sare ; 23977 

For all his hale was me to hete. 
He dranc f e sure, and i pe suete, 
Mi haret aU he hare. 23980 

[W]ede of welth i wil na mar, 
Cledinng wil i take of care, 
par-till me standes nede, 23983 

And mum wid hir pat him hare ; 
Made neuer moper sli murni7?g are ! 
pat reuth es of to rede. 23986 



In hert to rew in moupe to qwain 
Hu pat pai haf pat sakles slain 
j)e plaint it es pair pliht 
Quen he hitaht him til his awen 
Jpai haf hape fordrmin and drauen 
Als schawid vs to vr siht 

He hingis hei wit outew horu 
His moder finis noht to soru 
Quat selcupe sertis nan 
To se hir fles and blod 
Sa to he pinid on rod 
J3at hauid na child bot ane 

Hir dole ne mai I noht fordil 

Bot wit hir wep I wil 

"Wit Cnst to suffir sar 

Por al his hale was me to bete 

He drank pe soure a.nd I pe swete 

Mi haret al he bar 

"Wede of welpe i/i'^ wil na7i mare 
Cleping wil I tak of care 
J)ar til me standis ned [}i=in in ms.] 
And murnin wit hir pat him bar 
Mad neutV sli mwrning moder ar 
Jpat reupe is of to red 



[S]ai me moder, widuten wem, 
was pu pan at ierusalem, 
Qaen pat pi sun was laght, 
Bunden and sua laithli ledd. 
And hete ai till his hodi hied, 
To pilate sua hitaght ] 



Sai me moder wit outew wem 
"Was tu pan at Ierusalem 

23989 Quen pat pi son was laht 
Bundi?i and sua lapeli lede 
And bett til his hodi gan blede 

23992 To pilat swa bitaht 



" [I] say," coth pu, " pat i was par, 
Bot carked sua i was wid care, 
vnethes i diper wan ; 23995 

GdTTINGEN 



I sai cod pu pat ic was par 
Bot carkid sua I was of kar 
Unepe I pidejr wan 

EDINBURGH 



1372 "l WAS, BUT AT SIGHT OP THE PIERCE JEWS GREW WEAK; ALL MY SENS 
PAILED ME, I WAS PALE AND BLOODLESS. MARY MAGDALENE WEPT AND MOURN 



Bot quen i sagb jtaa, juus snell, 23996 

Else again mi sun sua fell, 

Ful wanles wex i fan. 23998 

IF wijttes all me wantid might, 
Gang, and steyuen, and tung, and 
AU faiUed me fat tide ; [sight, 

Cri mi word and wa mi wijte, 24002 
Mi teres all mi sight f ai ditte, 
Ful pale wex al mi hide. 

IT Al mi blod it was me hlend. 

Mi spirite for yeild i wend, 24006 

fair snaiping was sa smert ; £^ ij'*' ^^^ 

Wimmen sagh i wepe and qt^ain, 

Eot nan als mari magdelain, 

fat mast i tok til hert. 24010 

^ Wit-vten me was wo/nman nan, 

fat sua mumand mad hir man, 

Sua sorful als was sco ; 24013 

Ful pitus it was fat plaint, 

Ne kid sco noght hir luue wit faint. 

Sua redles vte o ro. 24016 

IF Qz/^n f e hedel gaue his cri, 

Vp f e folk all ras in hi 

Mi sun al for to scend, 24019 

To dreri dome mi sun es draun. 

All fledd him fra fat was his aun, 

Bileft vs noght a frend. 24022 

IF Vn-reuf ulli f ai can him raipe, 

Ful snoberli him for to snaipe, 

f e folk fat was sa fade, 24025 

clai f ai kest at him f e clote. 
And laiked wit him sitisote. 

1 sagh and stil Srhade. 24028 

COTTON 



hot quen I. sagh fa iewes snelle. 
rise againe my sone sa felle. 
ful waneles wex I. fan. 

IT of mi^tis al me wanted mi^t. 
gaing*. & steyuew. & tonge. & si3t. 
alle failid me fat tide, 
me wantid baf worde & witte. 
mi teris al mi si^t f ai ditte. 
ful pale wex al my hide. 

IF alle mi hlode hit was blende. [J^,[- 
for sorou ney mi spirit wende. 
f aire snaiping* was sa smert 
wemmen sagh I. wepe wif mains, 
bot nane as mari maudelaine. 
fat maste I. toke to hert. 

IF wif-outen me was womman nane 
fat squa moumande made hir mane 
squa sorouful as was ho. 
ful grete pite was of hir plaint, 
kid ho no3t hir loue was faint, 
squa redeles out of roo. 

IF quen f e bedel gaf his cry. 

vp f e folk ras alle in hye. 

my squete sonne to shende. 

to dreri dome my sone was dravve^j 

al fled him fra fat was his awen. 

be-left vs no3t a frende. 

IF vnreuf fulli f ai con him raipe. 

wif sturen wordis f ai did him snai] 

fat folk fat was sa fade. 

of clay f ai kest atte him f e clotte. 

& laikid wif him sitisotte. 

I sagh & stille a-bade. 

PAIRPAX 



XORB THAN ANY ONE BUT I. WHEN THE SIGNAL WAS GIVEN, HT SON WAS 1373 
BRAWN TO JUDGMENT, HIS FRIENDS FORSOOK HIM, HE WAS DESPISED AND MOCKED. 



Bot quen i sau pa iuus snell, 
Else again mi sun sua fell^ 
Ful wanles wex i pan. 



23996 



23998 



[0]f wittes all me wanted might. 

Gang and steuen, tung and sight, 

AU faHed me pat tide ; 24001 

Cri mi word and wa mi witt. 

Mi teris al mi sight pai ditt, 

Ful pale wex all mi hide. 24004 

[A]ll mi blod it was me blend, 

Mi spirit for to 3eile i wend, 

pair snaiping was sua smartt ; 24007 

wimnen sau i wep and quain, 

Bot nane als mari magdalain, 

pat mast i toke till hartt. 24010 

[W]idvten me was wamman nane, 
pat sua murnand made hir mane. 
Sua sorful as was scho ; [ooi. 2] 24013 
Ful piteus it was hir plaint, 
Ne kid scho noght hir luue was faint. 
Sua redeles vte of ro. 24016 

[Q]uen pe bedel gaf his cri ; 

yp pe folk all ras in hij 

Mi sun all forto scheind, 24019 

To drei dome mi sun es draun, 

All fled him fra pat was his aun, 

Bileft vs noght a freind. 24022 

[VJnreufulli pan gun him raipe, 

Ful sorfidi him forto snaipe, 

pat folk pat was sua fade, 24025 

Of clay pai kest att him pe clott, 

And laiked wid him sittisott. 

I sau and still a-bade. 24028 

G6TTINGBN 



But quen I sau pat iues snel 
Bis igain mi son sa fel 
Ful wanles wex I pan 

Of wittis al me wantis miht ^*jj/'^i^'^ 

Gang &nd steuin and tung and siht 

Al failed me pat tide 

Cri mi word and wa mi witte 

Mi teres al mi siht pai ditte 

Ful pal wex al mi hide 

Al mi blo4 it was me blende 
Mi spirit for to wen I wend 
Jpair swaiping was sa smert 
Wommew sau I wep and quain 
Bot nan als mari Maudelain 
J^at mast I tok til hert 

"Wit outiw me was womman nan 

J3at swa murnand mad his man 

Sua sorful als was sco 

Ful pituus it was pat plaint 

Ne kid sco noht hir luf was faint 

Sa redles out of roo 

Quen pe bedel ga7i his cri 

Up pe folk al ras in hi 

Mi son al for to schend 

To dreri dom mi son es drauen 

Al fled him fra pat was his auen 

Bileft vs noht a f rend 

Vp reufulli pai gan him raip 
Ful snubnerlik him for to swaip 
J5at folk pat was sa fad 
Of clai pai cest at him pin clot 
And laiked wit him setisot 
f sah &nd stil abad 

EDINBURGH 



1374 "MAGDALENE AND I FOLLOWED HIM TO CALVARY, — I STAGGERED ALONG 
THERE MT BORROW WAS DOUBLED ; I SHALL NEVER FORGET THAT DAT IF I LIVE TILJ 



IF J)ai draf him forth wit staf and stong, 
I and fat wreche womman yong 
We folud fam to fote ; 24031 

I stakerd sua i moght not stand, 
Bot als fai me up-held wit hand 
Vn-bun was i o bote. 24034 

IF Vnto f e mont o calueri, — 

Sua sorf ul wowiman nan als i, — 

J)us wit mi sun i went ; 24037 

Je soru fat i sagh on him far 

Al it was me dubled far 

fat euer me mai be ment. 24040 

IF To domes-dai lijf if i moght, 
Forgeit fat dai neuermar i moght, 
Qt^en i f ar-on suld think ; 24043 

fat brixel beting crone o thorn, 
fat al his flexs it was be-torn ; 
f ai gaf him gall to drinc/' 24046 

IF f ar-for i sai leuedi sa fre, 

fat a ful seli man wor he, 

fat wit fe moght ha sene, 24049 

faa pines o fi suete sun, 

fat euer i wat it muwd him muw, 

fat kar fat was sa kene. 24052 

IF Moder ! traistnes of ur treuth, [coi. 23 

Do vs to reu al wit f i reuth. 

And thine ai fat stur 24055 

fat f i sun far born in place, 

]^oght gain his will bot wit his grace, 

Vs all to do succur. 24058 

IF Moder mumand, wepe coth f ou, 

f is soru seand ie^'u 1 

" Mi soru i can noght sai, 24061 

COTTON 



IF f ai draue him forf wif staf & slings 
I. & fat wrecche wowiman ^inge. 
we folowed ham to fote. 
I stakered squa mi3t I. no3t stande 
bot als f ai me helde vp wjt/i hande 
vn-boun ware we of bote 

IF vn-to f e mount of caluary. 
squa sorouful womman an as I. 
f us wif my sone I. went, 
f e sorou fat I. sagh on him are. 
alle hit was me doublid fare, 
fat euer me mai be ment. 

IF to domesday Hue if I. mojt. 
for-gete fat day mai I. nojt. 
quen I. f er-on sulde fink, 
a-pon his heued a croun of thome. 
fat alle his flesshe hit was tome 
& gaf him galle atte drink*. 

IF far-fore I. say lauedi sa free, 
fat a cely man ware he. 
fat wif f e mu3t haue sene. 
f e pines of f i squete sone 
euer-mare hit mu3t him mone 
fa cares was sa kene. 

IF moder stabelnes of truf e. 

do vs to rew now wif f i ruf e 

& fink ai on fat stoure. 

atte f i sone drogh fare in place 

no^t gaine his wil bot with his grace 

vs alle to do socoure. 

IF our ladi saide alias f is quile 
wa worf him fat WT03t f is gile 
mi sone f us-gatis be-tray. 

FAIRFAX 



DOOMSDAY." HA I LADT, HE WERE A BLESSED MAN WHO HAD SEEN THt 1375 
son's sorrows. mother ! TRUST OP OUR TROTH 1 LET US PITY WITH THY PITY. 



[j)]ai draf him forth wid staf and steng, 
I and fat wreche womwian 3eng 
"we folud jjaim to fote ; 24031 

I stakrid sua might i noght stand, 
Bot als fai held me vp wid hand 
vnbun was i to bote. 24034 

[V]nto J)e munte of caluari, — 

Sua sorful wo/nman now als i, — 

fis wid mi sun i went ; 24037 

pe soru fat i sau on him pare 

All it was me blublid jare 

fat euer me mai be ment. 24040 

[T]o domes-dai Hue if i moght, 
Xe jode it neuer vte of mi thoght, 
QueTi i par-on suld thinck ; 24043 
fat brixel beting crune of thorn, 
fat all his fless it was bi-torn ; 
f ai gaf him gaU to drinck." 24046 

[J>]ar-for i sai leuedi sua fre, 

))at a ful selli ma.n war he, 

fat wid fe might haue sene, 

[» That pinis of thi suet son 24050 

I wat that euir it mad him mon 

That car that was sa ken. ^£o™m^so"" 

Moder ! traistnes of ur trewf e, 

Don vs to rewen wit J)i rewfe, 24054 

And ))inkin on fa,t stur 

l^at pi son par droch in place, 

Noht gain his wil bot wit his grace, 

Vs al to don sucour. 24058 

I moder mumand, wep cod pu, 
pis soru seand apon le^u] 
'* Min sorou I ne can noht sai, 24061 
gOttingen {pamt Edinburgh) 



j)ai draw him f orpe with staf a.nd steng 
Ik a.7id pat wrech woman yeng 
"We folud him paim to fote 
I staker swa miht I noht stajid 
Bot als pai me vp help wit h-dud 
Vnbun was ik of bote 

Vn to pe mont o caluari 

Swa sorful wommaw an als I 

J3us wid mi son I went 

J5at soru pat I saw on him are 

Al it was me dubid par peat ui 

]^at euir mai me be ment 

To domisdai lif if I moht 
Forget pat dai neuzr mar I moht 
Quen I par suld pink 
Jpat briesl beting crune and scori*o 
j)a,t al his fieis it was bistorue 
J^ai gaf hinz gal to drmk 

Jjar for I sai leuedi sa fre 
Jjat a ful seli man war he 
J3at wit pe moht haf sene 
J3at pinis of pi suet son 
I wat pat euir it mad him mon 
]^at car pat was sa ken 

Moder traistnes of vr trewpe 
Don vs to rewen wit pi rewpe 
And pinkin on pat stur 
J5at pi son par droch in place 
iN"oht gain his wil bot wit his grace 
Vs al to don sucour 

I moder mumand wep cod pu 
Jjis soru seand apon Ihesu 
Min soru I ne can noht sai 

EDINBURGH 



1376 " MY SON MOURNED MY GRIEF MORE THAN HIS OWN ; HE SAID NOTHING TH 
HE WAS SPREAD ON THE CROSS. NO TONGUE MAY SAY, NO PBN's END WRITE OH 



Naild on fat rode tre 

Pul sorufulli be-heild he me, 

I thine it euer and ai. 



24062 fer as he hange a-pon fat tree 
ful soroufally be-helde he me. 
24064 I. fink hit euer and ay. 





IF Mar he mumd for mi care, 

fan for al his aun sare,^ p fare in ms.] 

For als a lamb he stode ; 24067 

For wit f am fat sua him soght, 

A word, a speke, man hard him noght, 

Til he was sprede on rode. 24070 

IF Sa depe fat sith me sait in site, 

fat wel i wist wit-vten wite, 

f ai wroght him al fis wrang. 24073 

fat es na tung mai speke wit word, 

Ne writer write wit pens ord, 

Hu fat vr stur was Strang. 24076 

IF Fair he was and fre, mi child, 
Soth in speche, in maner mild, 
Quils he stod in his state ; 24079 
His face fat forwit was sa scene. 
It es nu grisli on to sene. 
His bodi al blodi wat. • 24082 

IT A crun o thorn his hefd on stod, 

fat ilk prick broght vte f e blod, 

fai sput on him fair spit, 24085 

Vnethes i his kenning kneu, 

far sagh nan on him wald reu, 

fat wroght me vte o wijt. 24088 

IT fis harm mi hert it held sa hard, 
To wander ne wist i quider-ward, 
Sa was mi waies wan ; 24091 

Qwen sli lett did him me for-lete. 
Mi sun fat was sa selcut suete, 
And had hot hxm allan. 24094 

COTTON 



IF mare he mournid for my care 
fen for alle his awen sare. 
for als a lambe he stode. 
be-for ham wif wrange him sojt 
an worde ne spac he no^t. 
til he was spred on rode. 

IF mikil was mi sorou & site, 
fat wele I. wiste wif -outen wite 
fai wrojt him al fis wrange. 
fat is na f ing^ vfiih hert mai fink* 
ne na writer write wif Ink*, 
how fat our stoure was strange 

% faire he was & fre mi childe 
soft in speche meke & milde. 
quilest he stode in his state 
his face fat be-fore waas shene 
hit is now griseled on to sene 
his bodi alle blodi wate. 

IT a crouw of thorne his heued on stod 

fat ilk* prik bro^t out f e blode 

fouli fai on him spitte. 

vnnef is I. my childe knew. 

for f er was nane of him walcJ rew. 

fai ware wode out of witte 

IT fis harme my hert hit helde hard 
to wander ne wiste I. quidder-war(J 
squa was my waies wane, 
was f er nane his bale to bete, 
my sone fat was sa selcouf squete 
was hot him-self allane. 

FAIRFAX 



JG TROUBLE. MY CHILD WAS PAIR, MBEK, AND MILD; BECOME GRISLY 1377 
D BLOODY, PRICKED WITH THORNS, I HARDLY KNEW HIM ; HE WAS ALONE. 



id apon fat rod tre 
orfulli biheld he me, 
ik it euir and ai. 



24062 



24064 



le murnid for mi car, 
for al his awen sar, 
Is a lamb he stod ; 24067 

rit Jjaim ])at swa him soht, 
rd to spek men herd him noht, 
3 was spred on rod. 24070 

p fat sithe me sat in site, 
el I wist wit-outen wite, 
roht him al J)is wrang. 24073 
na tung mai spek wit word, 
riter write wit pennis orde, 
it vr stur was Strang. •• 24076 

18 wes and fre, mi child, 

in speche, in maner mild, 

le stod in his state ; 24079 

ice fat fo[r]wit was sa schen, 

aou grisli on to sen, 

odi al blodi wate. 24082 

an of f orn his hefd on stod, 
ca prik broht vt the blod, 
ut on him fair spit, 24085 

ihes ik his kenning knew, 
16 sach nan of liim wald reu, 
roht me out of wite. 24088 

larm mi hert it held sa hard, 
.ndrin wist I quiderward, 
8 me waies wan; 24091 

sli sette did him me forlete, 
Q. fat was sa selcuf e swete, 
lauid hot him allan. 24094 

EDINBURGH 



Xailid apon fat rod tre 

Ful sorf ullik biheld he me 

I fink it enir and ai 

• 
Mar he mwmid for mi car 

Jpan for al his awen sar 

For als a lamb he stod 

For wit f aim fat swa him soht 

A word to spek mew herd him noht 

Til he was spred on rod 

Sa dep fat sif e me sat in site 
J)at wel I wist wit outen wite 
J)ai wroht him al f is wrang 
Jjat es na tung mai spek wit word 
"Ne writer write wit pewnis orde 
Hu fat ur stur was Strang 

Fair he wes &nd fre mi child 
Soft in speche in maner mild 
Quil he stod in his state 
His face fat fowit was sa schen 
It es now grisli on to sen 
His bodi al blodi wate 

A crouw of f orn his hefd on stod 
J3at ilka prik broht "vt f e blod 
j)Q,i sput on him fair spit 
Vnnef is ik his kenning knew 
J3at me sach nan of him wald rew 
J5at wroht me out of wite 

J)is harm mi hert it held sa hard 
To wandnn wist I qm'dey-ward 
Sa was me waies wan 
Quen sli sette did him me forlete 
Mi sun fat was sa selcuf e swete 
And hauid hot him allan 

EDINBURGH 



1378 "he was my only hope, my blood shrunk within me, I COULD HARDU 
HEAR MY OWN VOICE, THE WORD THAT I WISHED TO SAY SORROW STOLE AWAY. 



IT Allan he was mi hope and hald, 

Of alkin bUs he mai he hald, 24096 

Mi lijf al in him hang. 

Mi hlod es nu in me sa blend, 

fat on mi soru mai be nan end, 24099 

It stikes me sua Strang. '"^couV]^* 

^ir Mi steuen fat i was wont to stere, 

Vn-nethes moght i self it here, 

Quen i wend word to wise j 24103 

Ar i moght werp til end 

f e soruful sight ai far-wit blend, 

Mi word it brast in thrise. 24106 

IT f e word fat i in wil had wroght, 
Mi soru fat i sua wit was soght, 
Biweft fat word awai ; 24109 

Luue wald i spak, might me wit-stode, 
^li reut was all apon fat rode, 
Na sagh far moght i sai, 24112 

IT " Alhas ! alhas ! " it was mi voce, 
Mi sun fat hang apon f e croice, 
Reuli on me be-heild ; 24115 

And blethli wald mi soruing slake. 
And fat i suld sum comforth take, 
To haf sum bote o beild. 24118 

IT Bot for na bote fat he me badd, 

Ne moght i neuer mi cher ma gladd 

Quils i apon him sei ; 24121 

Leue sun ! ful wa es me, 

fat i f is soru sal on f e se. 

Do me wit fe to dei. 24124 

IT Mi leue sun, qui dos f ou sua, 

f i sorful moder sa ful o wa. 

Qui lates fou fus lijf 1 24127 

COTTON 



IT allane he was my hope & haldo 
of alkin blis he made me balde 
my life alle in him hange. 
my blode is in my bodi blende 
fat of my sorou is nane ende 
hit stikis me squa strange. 

2 IT my steiuen fat I was wont to stew 
vnnef I. mu3t mi-selue hit herepifiofl 
quen I. wende worde to wise, 
or I mu^t an worde werpe til ende 
f e soroufid sif e ay f er-wif blende 
my worde hit brast in f rise. 

IT f e worde fat I. in wille had bro3t 
my sorou fat L squa wif was sojt 
hit putte fat worde a-way. 
& fus my sorou mi speche wif-stode 
my reuf was alle a-pon fat rode 
na sagh ne mu^t I. say. 

IT al-hase alhase liit was mi voyce. 
mi sone fat hange a-pon fat croico 
reuli on me be-helde. 
& blef eli walde mi sorouing* slake 
& fat I. sulde sum confort take, 
to haue of bote sum belde. 

IT bot for na bote fat he me bad. 
ne mu^t I. neuer my cher glad, 
quilest I. a-pon him seye. 
leue sone ful wa is me. 
fat I. f is sorou sal se on f e. 
quy ne mote I. wif f e deye. 

IT Mi leue sone quy dos fou squa. 
f i sorouful moder. sa ful of wa. 
quy latis fou me line. 

FAIRFAX 



[EDy alas! my son on the cross pitied me, and would have com- 1379 

:ED ME j I COULD NOT BE QLAD WHILE I SAW HIM. WHY DOST THOU LET ME LIVE 1 

Allan he was mi hope and hald 
Of alle blis he made me bald 
Mi lif al in him hang 
Mi hlod in me es nu sa blend 
j)a.t of mi soru mai be nan end 
It stikis me sa Strang 

Mi stemn ])at I wa won to ster 
Vnnefis moht I seluin her 
Quen I wend word to wis 
Ar I moht a word werp til end 
J5e sorful sithe ai fairwit blend 
Mi word it brastin f ris 

J3e word fat ik in wil had wroht 
Mi soru pat I sa wit was soht 
Biwef t pat word awai 
Lnf wald I spak miht me witstod 
Mi rewpe was al apon pe rod 
Ka sache ne moht I sal 

Alhas aJhas it was mi voice 
Mi son pat hang apon pat croice 
Rewlik on me biheld 
And blepeH wald mi soru slak 
And pat I suld sum confort tak 
To haf sum hot of held 

Bot for na bod pat he me mad 
Ne moht he nim vngle ma glad 
Qmlis ik apon him sey 
Lef sun ful wa es me 
])at I pis soru sal se on pe 
Do me wit pe to dey 

lili lif sun qui dos pu swa 
j)i sorful moder sa ful of wa 
Qui latis tu pus life 

EDXNBUROH 



1380 "death, if you spare me you are my enemy; o son! let us die 

together, it is hard to bear this struggle. 



Mi suete sun, nathing sa suete^ 24128 

Wil J)ou J)i moder her for-lete 

Wit >e to dei me giue. 24130 

IT f ou ded, vnmeke witvten make, 
pat care-ful wont es for to tak, 
pou frith me noght als freind ; 24133 
If Jjou me frithes pou ert mi fede, 
Bot spar me noght to dei fat ded, 
Mi sun wit for to weind. 24136 

IT Es noght pat me mai pai bot pou, 

Mi sun, J)ou tak pi moder nu, 

And lat us dei nu samen ; 24139 

Mi suete sun ! mi leif, mi lijf 1 

Herd it es to drei pis strijf, 

par nagat es to gamen. 24142 

IF Na graiper gat o gamen es here, 
Bot pou ne pi sorful moder here, 
pat SCO wit pe moght wend, 24145 
Ta me to pe apon pi rod, 
pat pai ar bath a flexs and blod, [coi. 2] 
Lat pam bath samen end. 24148 

IT Ye luus pat kindeld all pis care, 
I bidd yow me noght for to spare, 
Yee waful and yee wode, 24151 

Sin yee mi sun wirkes pis wa, 
Dos me pat ilk, pan ar we tua 
Be-naild on pe rode. 24154 

IT Ouper wit rode or oper pain 

pis wreche moder to be slain, 

Quat wise na force i-wiss ; 24157 

Vn-roufulli yee wire vnright, 

pe werld yee reue pe su?t o light. 

And blindes me mi blis. 24160 

COTTON 



mi dere sone na-ping* sa squete. 
wiltow pi moder here for-lete. 
to dey grace pou me giue. 

IF pou dede vn-meke wip-oute« make 
pat earful folk is wone to take 
pou spare me no3t b» frende. 
if pou me sparis I. can na rede, 
lete me deye I. prai pe dede. 
mi sone wip for to wende. 

IF na-ping< mai nie pay bot pou. 
wip mi sone pou take me now. 
& late vs deye sawmen. 
my squete sone mi leue mi life, 
harde hit is to dreye pis strife, 
me liste ful litil gammen. 

IT na graiper gate of gammen is here, 
bot late pi sorouful moder dere 
pat ho wip pe mote wende 
take me wip pe a-pon pi rode 
syn we ar bap an flesshe & blode 
lete vs bap sa^wmen ende. 

IT 3e iewes pat kindelis al pis care. 
I prai 30U at ^e me no^t spare. 
36 waful & 3e wode. 
sin 3e my sone wiikis pis wa. 
dos me pat ilk pen ar we twa. 
nailed on a rode. 

IT aiper on rode or oper paine. 
pis wrecche moder to be slaine, 
hit is na force I.-wisse. 
vn-reupfulli 3e wirk* vn-ri3t. 
pe werlde 3e reue pe suwne of li3t. 
& blindes me mi blisse. 

FAIRFAX 



SRB IS NO SPEBDIEK WAY, LET US END TOGETHER. YE JEWS, I BID 1381 
YOU SPARE ME NOT, EITHER ON THE CROSS OR OTHERWISE. 

Mi leue son na ])mg sa swet 
Wil tu J)i moder hir f oilete 
Wit fe to dey me gif e 

j)\i did vnmek wit oulen mak 
J)at earful wont es for to tak 
p\i fref e me noht al frend 
yf f ou me frijjes fou ert mi fed 
Bot spar me noht to dey pu ded 
Mi son wit for to wind 

Nis noht fat me mai bot tu 
"Wit sun pu tak pe moder nu 
And latte vs deien samin 
Mi suet son mi luf mi lif 
Hard it es to drei pis strif 
])ar na gat es to gamin 

'NsL graiper gat of gamin es here 
Bot tun pi sorful moder here 
J)at SCO wit the moht dey 
Ta me to pe apon pi rod 
j^an er we bape a fleis and blod 
Lat taim bape samin end 

Ye iuwes pat kindill al pis car 
I bid you me noht for to spar 
Ye waful and ye wod 
Sin ye mi son wirkis pis wa 
Dos me pat ilk pan er we twa 
Be nailed on pe rod 

Or wit rod or opir pain 
J)is wriche moder to be slain 
Quat wise na force I wisse 
VnrewfuUik ye wirk unrilit 
J5e werd ye reu pe sun of liht 
And blindis me mi blisse 

EDINBURGH 



i 



1382 "l HAVE NO rest; how shall I LIVE? I PRAY THEE, DEATH I BE KEEN 
TO SHOW THY MIGHT ; BUT, ALAS ! THOU PLEEST THOSE THAT YEARN FOR TflEB. 



IF Yee sla pe lijf and helpe of all, 

quajR sal i nu cri and call, 

1 redles vte o ron, 24163 
Hu sal i line wit-vten lijf, 

])as stiked in wit star o strijf, 

Quat es me for to doni 24166 

IF Bot to pe ded, mak i mi mane, 
For haf i nu nanof er wane, 
bote war J)ou nu best, 24169 

Wald J)ou be kene Jji might to kithe, 
fou sla ^ mi child, sla me fan suithe, 
War nan sa redi rest, p siai in ms.] 24172 

If Bot ded alias, qui dos f ou sua ? 

fat yerns f e f ou fleis ai fra, 

Quen suet it war to suelt, 24175 

And folus Jam fat f e wald fle. 

And luues all fat letthes^ fe, 

f is part vn-euen es delt. Zc^Xm.2 

IT Mi suet sun, i on f e cri, 

f i sorful moder f ou do merci, 

fat won was be sa mild ; 24181 

Bot noght sa herd fat f ou ne it here, 

f e muming o f i moder dere, 

Sa heind was neuer child. 24184 



IF f ou do f i moder wit f e dei. 
And lat us bath to-geder drei, 
Bath vr wa and wele ; 
Moght i f e ans weld in arm. 
Hale me think of all mi harm, 
fat i war ilk dele. 



IT Moght I f e weld in arms mine, 
And suffer sum part o fi pine, 24192 
Ful wel me war fat sith ; P«*^^f ij*""^* 

COTTON 



IT 3e sla f e life & hope of alle. 
on qwam sal I. now cry & calle. 
I redeles out of ro. 
how salle I. Hue f is waful life, 
f us stikid in wif stoure of strife, 
quat is me best to do. 

IT bot to f e dede make L mi mane, 
for haue I. now na nof er wane, 
of bote ware f ou me best, 
walde f ou be kene f i mi^t to kif e 
f ou slas mi childe sla me fan squife 
fen mi^t f ou make me rest. 

IT bot dede alias qui dos f ou squa. 
qua 3emis f e f ou fleis ham fra. 
quen squete hit ware to squelt. 
& folowes ham atte f e walde fle. 
& louis alle atte louis no3t f e. 
f is werlde vn-eyuen is delt. 

IF Mi squete sone I. on f e cry 
f i sorouful moder do now me^'cy. 
fat wont was to be milde. 
be nojt squa harde at f ou ne here. 
f e mourning* of f i moder dere. 
& fink f ou art my childe. 



IT f ou do f i moder wif f e to deye. 

& lete vs baf to-geder dreye. 
24187 baf our wa & wele. 

mu^t I. f e anes welde in arme 

hale me fink of al mi harme. 
24190 fat I. ware ilka dele. 



IT mujt I. f e welde in armis mine. 
& suffer sum part of f i pine, 
ful wele me ware fat sif e. 

FAIRFAX 



LOVE THEM THAT FLEE THEE. MY SWEET SON ! HAVE MERCY ON THY 1383 
lEB ; MIGHT I HOLD THEE IN MY ARMS AND SUFFER WITH THEE, IT WERE WELL. 

Ye sla fe lif and hop of halle 
On quam sal I nu cri and calle 
I rednes out of ro 
Hu sal I lefe wit outin life 
Jpus stekid in wit stur and strife 
Quat es me foi to do 

Bot to ]>e ded mak I man 
For haf I nou nan ofer wan 
Of bot war Jou me best 
Wald pn be ken pi miht to kij)e 
j)\i slas mi child sla me pan swipe 
War nan sa redi rest 

Bot ded alias qui dos tu sua 
pB.t yernis po pu fles ai fra 
Quen suet it war to swelt 
pu folus paim pat pe wald fle 
And lufes al pat lehtes te 
pis part vneuin es delt 

Mi suete son on pe I cri 

J3i sorful moder pou do merci 

j^at won was be sa mild 

Be noht sa hard pat tu ne it her 

pe muming of pi moder der 

Sa hend was neuir cild 

pu do pi moder wit pe dey 
And lat us bape togider diey 
Bape vr wa and wel 
Moht ik pe anis pe weld in arm 
Hal me pink of al mi harm 
J3at i war ilka del 

Moht I pe weld in armis min 
And sufl&r sum part of pi pin 
Ful wel me war pat sipe 

EDINBURGH 



1384 "thou art my father, spodse, and child; i am now widow, childi^ 

AND fatherless ; CARE CLINGS TO MT COLD HEART, FULL WOE IS MB ! 



Mi fadur, mi spus, mi child, er tu, 

Mi godd ]7at all agh to bu, 

Qua mai pia morning mithe. 24196 

IT I am nu widu o mi spus, 

Mi suw me reuis care sa crus. 

And fader-les am I ; 24199 

All mi hope a-wai es hale, 

For al es brued me to bale, 

I ne wat quarfor ne quL 24202 

IF Losin i haf ^ al help and hald, 

Care clinges in mi hert cald, 24204 

If oght mi self I wat ; P 1« Xlj'''' 

Ful wa es me, me es ful wa. 

Was neuer sa waful moder a 

Stad vte of al state. 24208 

IF Mi sun sa suet, to me \>o\i sai, 
Hu fat i nu sal wend mi wai, 24210 
Qwar-for to lait me leind 1 r^Q^^ -j 

Qi^t hope, qwat help, qwat grace, quai 
fou hightes me, for pou mai best 
If i ne wit fe sal weind." 24214 

IT Sin suilk it war fi cares kidd, 
pou dreied dule, leuedi ! pou did 
Ful god it was fin euen, 24217 

Qwen he ne sagh f is murning mak, 
Sumthing to f e i wiss he spak, 
If him stode ani steuen. 24220 

IT f ou es vntelland was fi pine, 

Til hert I wat it yode al fine, 

fat eking was til his ; 24223 

And al f e baret fat he bar, 

It setteld in f i hert ful sare, 

Wit-vten ani mis. 24226 

COTTON 



my fader my spouse mi childe arto\v 
mi god fat al agh for to bowe. 
qua mai f is mourning' mif e 

2 IT I. am now widow of my spouse. 

I haue na keper of my hous. p leaf io8,i 

& faderles am I. 

alle my blis a-wai is hale 

for alle is brende me to bale. 

I ne wate quar-fore ne quy. 

IT Loste I haue al hele & halde, 

care clyngis in my hert sa calde. 

no^t of mi-self I. wate 

ful wa is me f me is ful wa. 

was neuer moder mare waful squa. 

my hert is out of state. 

IT my sone sa squete to f e I sai. 
how fat I now salle wende mi way 
in lande quare-euer I. lende 
f ou sende me grace help & rest. 
& counsail me vn-to f e best. 
I note quidder to wende. 

IT fen sais f e clerk* fat made f is bo 

lauedi for f e sorou f ou toke 

a f ing* f ou me neiuen. 

quen he f e sagh suche mourning* ma 

quef er ani wordes to f e he spake. 

quen he herde f i steiuen. 

IT I wate vn-tellande was his pine. 

til his hert hit 3ode as fine. 

& no^t aneli to his. 

he fat sa reufulli was di3t. 

if he f e saide 03t for to li3t. 

tel me quat hit is. 

FAIRFAX 



»N, WHERE SHALL I NOW G0 1 COUNSEL MB." O LADY I THOUGH 1386 
HIS TORTURE WAS UNSPEAKABLE IT WENT TO THY ACHING HEART. 



Mi fadir mi spus mi cild er tu 
Mi God ])at al acb for to bu 
Qua mai ])is muming mi]>e 

Ik am nu widuit of mi spus 
Mi son me reuis car sa cms 
And faderles am I 
Al min hop awai es hal 
For al es brewed me to bal 
I nwat quarfor ne qui 

Losin ik baf al belp and bald 
Kav clingis in mi bert sa kald 
Nobt of meself me wate 
Ful wa es me me es ful wa 
Was neuer sa waful moder aa 
Stad vt of al state 

Mi son sa suet to me ^u sal 

Hu fat I sal wend mi wai 

Quar for to latt me len 

Quat bop quat grace quat belpquat rest 

j)u bibtis me for f u mai best 

If I ne wit Jje sal wend 

Sin silk it war pin karis kid 
j3ou dreied dol leuedi pu did 
For god it was pin euin 
Quen be pe sab pis muming mak 
Sum ping I wis to pe bo spak 
If bim stod ani steuin 

j3ob bis vntelland was pe pin 
Til bert I wat pat be to pin 
J)at egging was til pis 
And al pe baret pat be bar 
It seteld in pin bert ful sar 
Wit outin ani mis 

EDINBURGH 



rate quarfor ne qui [leaf leo, coi. i] 

i baue all belpe and bald, 
'Jinges in mi bert sua cald, 
} of me-self i wate ; 24205 

a es me, me es ful wa, 
Buer sua wafal moder a 
rte of all state. 24208 

jun sua suete, to me pu sai, 

I i nu weind mi way, 24210 

forto kite mi freindl ^^^^^ ^^3^, 

bope, quat grace, qwat belpe, 

laines me, for pu mai best, 

) wid pe sal weind." 24214 

n suilk it was pi cares kidd, 
jied dole, leuedi ! pu did 
)de it was pi euen, 24217 

be pe sau pis mumiwg make, 
hing i wis to pe be spake, 

I stode ani steuen. 24220 

bis vntelland was pe pine, 

3rt i wat it ^odo als pine, 

id was tm bis ; 24223 

II pe baret pat be bare, 
id in pi bert ful sare, 

en ani mis. 24226 

GOTTINGEN 



1386 JESUS PITIFULLY SAID, "MOTHER, CHEER UP; I GO TO MY PATHBB, BUT 
LEAVE YOU A FRIEND FOR YOUR OWN ; JOHN, WARY AND WISE, WILL BE YOUR BO! 



IT He fat sa reufulli was dight, 24227 

If he Jje said oght for to liglit, 

])i mode ]7at was in mum ; 24229 

fa did he, quat he said, " mi dere 

Moder fou sal mend fi chere, 

To feder min turn. 24232 

IT Jjou cark Jje noght sa fast wit car. 

Sin i sal to mi fader fare, 

I sal f e leue a f^re j 24235 

For in mi sted fou sal haf an, 

Jjat sal fi cosin be lohan, 

J?in aun leif and dere. 24238 

IF fou sal be moder, he sal be sun, [coi. 2] 

To serue J?e als he was won 

Quils Jjou sal lengen here, 24241 

For he es eue?' warr and wiss, 

I haf him tagh to J)i seruis, 

"Nu most Jjou mend Jji cher. 24244 

IF Mi suet moder, tender of hert, 
Nu comforth Jje, Jjou sal ha qz^rt. 
And werp awai J?i wepe ; 24247 

It es Jji kind for me to care, 
Bot sua i will Jjou do namare, 
Bot ta to iohn nu kepe. * 24250 

IF Mi moder dere, Jjou wat Jjat i 

Nam flexs o Jje, and resuw qui 

I hang apon Jjis tre : 24253 

Bot for to dei for mans kind, 

Als men in propheci mai find, 

Jjat er forsaid o me. 24256 

IT Bot Jjof i dei nu on Jjis wise, 

I sal Jje thrid morun vprise, 

Jjat Jjou sal se wit ei ; 24259 

COTTOX 



IF for alle Jje baret Jjat he bare, 
hit setteled in Jji hert ful sare. 
& made Jje for to mot^me. 
Jje lorde ansquares in Jjis manere 
moder he saide amende Jji chere. 
for to my fader I tume 

IF Jjou charge Jje nojt sa fast wijj car( 

sin I. sal to mi fader fare. 

I salle Jje leue a fere. 

for in mi stede Jjou sal haue one 

our t/isti cosin Jjat hat Iohn. 

Jjat is Jje leue & dere. 

IF Jjou salle be moder he sal be sone 
to serue Jje als he was wone. 
qui lis Jjou sal lenge here, 
for he is bajj warre & wise. 
I haue him ta3t to Jji seruise 
for-Jji amende Jji chere.. 

IF mi squete moder tendre of hert. 
conforte Jje Jjou salle haue quert. 
& do a-wai Jji wepe. 
hit is Jji kinde for me to care, 
bot squa I. wille Jjou do na mare 
bot take to Iohn gode kepe. 

IF Mi moder dere Jjou wate at I. 
toke flesshe of Jje & resoun quy 
I hange a-pon Jjis tre. 
bot for to deye for ma/mis kinde. 
als men in p7*c?pheci mai finde. 
in boke is saide of me. 

IF al if I deye now on Jjis wise 
I salle Jje jjrid morne vp-rise. 
Jjat Jjou sal seye wiJj eye. 

FAIllFAX 



HOTHER, THOU SHALT HAVE JOY; SORROW NO MORE FOR ME, TAKE 1387 
JOHN. THOU KNOWEST THAT I DIE ON THIS TREE, ACCORDING TO PROPHECY. 



t sua reufulli was dight, 24227 

) said oglit forto light, 

5 ]?at was in mum ; 24229 

le, quat he said, " mi dere 

sal J)U nu mend pi chere, 

c mine in turn. 24232 

'ke fe noght sua fast wid care, 
sal to mi fadir fare, 
leue a fere ; 24235 

mi stede pu sal haue ane, 
t sal be J)i cosine s. iohane, 
. leif and dere. 



He ]7at sa rewfulli was diht 
K he fe said oht for to liht 
pi mod pat was in mume 
Ya did he quat said nu dere 
Moder pu sal mend pi cher 
To fader min I tume 

J5u cark pe noht sa fast wit car 

Sin I sal to pi fader far 

I sal te leue and fer 

For in mi sted pu sal haf an 

J3at sal ti cosin be lohand 



24238 J3iii auen lef and dere 



L be moder, he sal be sun, 

e pe als i was wone [coi. 2] 

m sal lengen here, 24241 

es bath sua war and wise, 

him taght to pi seruise, 

st pu mend pi chere. 24244 

be moder, tender of hert, 

ifort pe, pu sal haue quert, 

erp a- way pi wepe ; 24247 

L kind for me to care, 

I i wil pu do na mare, 

ce to iohan kepe. 24250 

loder dere, pu wate pat i 
ess of pe, and resun qui 
apon pis tre : 24253 

•to dei for manes kind, 
5n in prophecis mai find, 
for-said of me. 



j3ou sal be moder he sal be son 

To seruin als I was^ wan P "^JaJST^ 

Quilis tu sal lengin her 

For he is bape war and wis 

Ik haf him taht to pi semis 

"Nou most pu med pi cher 

Mi suet moder tender of hert 
Confort pe pu sal haf quert 
And werp awai pi wep 
It es pi kind for me to kar 
Bot sua ine vnl pu do no mar 
Bot ta to Iohan kep 

Mi moder dar pu wat pat I 
'Nam fleis of pe and resun qui 
Hit hang apon pis tre 
Bot for to dei for manis kind 
Als man in propheciis mai find 



24256 J5at er forsaid of me 



)ou i dei nu on pis wise, 
id morn i sal vp-rise, 
sal see wid eie ; 24259 

GOTTINGEN 



Bot poh I deien on pis wis 
I sal pe pred momin rise 
Jjat tu sal se wit ey 

EDINBURGH 



1388 "but I SHALL RISE ON THE THIRD MORN AND MOUNT UP TO MT FATH 
AND FIND ALL MT SHEEP. A MAN LOST ALL, ALL SHALL BE SAVED THROUGH AIL 



To mi disciplus and to pe, 
Sceu ]7au sothfast sal i me, 
For-fi nu most i dei. 



24260 to mi disciplis & to fe. 

pe bodi sal I. shew of me. 
24262 for-J)i now mote I. deye. 



IF Nu sal i dei, rise sal i son. 
And stei up to mi fader tron, 
J?arfor mai Jjou be blith : 24265 

Mi seep ar funden to fe fald, 
Xo-quils ]?e wolf held in his hald, 
Jjat fin war ander sith. 24268 

IF For-Jji sal an be ded and slan, 
])at al fia werld sal quicken again, 
J?at a man forwit slogh ; 24271 

A man tint al quen he began. 
All sal be sauued thoru a man, 
Jjat bom es on J?is bogh. 24274 

IT fe thing fat es mi fader wiU, 
fou mai noght moder thing it ill, 
For-soth it most be don ! 24277 

J?is ilk pine es for me dight, 
And lang es o mi fader hight, 
Ouer-pas it sal i son. 24280 

IF Ne dred f ou noght mi moder suete, 
fat i fe will nu fus for-lete, 
fof i nu fra fe fare. 24283 

For wite fou well, i am wit fe 
Wit-vten tuin, and sua sal be Hjjf 's^, 
Fra nu for euer mare. 24286 

IF I most well vnderli f e ded, 

Sin it es suilk mi fader red 

f e ded al for to queU ; 24289 

Qmfen i com fou wat al plain, 

f ider nu sal i stei again, 

Quen i haf harud hell. 24292 

COTTON 



IF now saUe L deye & rise fill sone 
& stey vp to mi fader trone. 
fe?'-fore mai fou be blife. 
& alle mi saulis fat ar in heUe. 
I. salle ham lause as I f e telle, 
my lordeshepe for to kif e. 

IF for-f i salle an be dede & slaine. 
fat aUe f is werlde sal quikkin agai 
fat a man be-fore slog&. 
a man tint alle quen hit be-gan. 
alle saUe be sauid f orou a man. 
fat borne is of his bogh. 

IF f e f ing* fat is my fader wil. 
f ou mai nojt moder fink hit iL 
for nede hit most be done, 
f is ilk pine is for me di3t 
& of my fader mouf is hijt. 
ouer-passe hit salle I. sone. 

IF ne drede f e nojt mi moder sque 

atte I. wil f e f us for-lete. 

if I. now fra f e fare. 

wite f ou wele I. am wif f e. 

wif-outen drede & ay salle be. 

fra now & euermare. 

IF I most lye vnder now f e dede. 
sin hit is suche mi fader rede, 
f e dede al for to quelle, 
queif in I come f ou wate al plaine 
f idder now sal I. steye againe. 
quen I. haue heried helle. 

FAIRFAX 



UST NOT THINK ILL OF WHAT MY FATHER WILLS, IT MUST BS THAT I 1389 
; I AM WITH THEE FOB EVER. WHEN I HAYB HARROWED HELL I RISE AGAIN. 



Lesciplis and to fe, 24260 

ifast scheu j^an sal i me, 

Lu most i deL 24262 

1 i del, rise sal i sone, 
vp to mi fadir trone, 
aai pvL be blith : . 24265 

spe er funden to J?e fald, 
um ]je wolf held in his hald, 
war andersitli. 24268 

sal ane be dede and slain, 
Jjis werld sal qwickin a-gain, 
an forwid slogh ; 24271 

tint all quen it bigan, 
be sauued thorn a man, 
a es on fis bogh. 24274 

ng Jjat es mi fader wiU, 
noght moder thine it ill, 

I it most be done ! p if i6o,bk,coi.i] 
:e pine es for me dight, 

ig es of mi fadir hight, 

3se i sal it sone. 24280 

ede ]ju noght, mi mode?' suete, 
will nn Jjus forlete, 

II fra ]?e fare. 24283 
t Jju wele, i am wid fe 

1 tnin, and sua sal be 

for euermare. 24286 

ost i li vnder fe dede, 

uilk it es mi fader rede 
all for to quell ; 24289 

i come ]?u wate al plaino, 

i stei feder agayne, 

hane herijd helL 24292 

GUTTING EN 



To mi discipilis and to fe 
Schanen so])efastnes sal I me 
For J)i nn most I dey 

Nu sal I dei ris sal I son 

And stey vp to mi fader tron 

Jjarfor mai J?u be blijje 

Mi speche^ ar fundin to J)0 fald 

To qnilis J?e wolf held in his hald 

J5at tint war ander sife p »io in msj 

For ]?i sal an be ded and slain 
]?at al ]7is werd sal quiken again 
J5at a man forwit sloh 
A man tint al quen it bigan 
Al sal be saufed J?oru fat man 
J3at born es on fis buh 

\)e fing Jjat es mi fader wil 
Moder Jjune ne ma noht J?ink it ills 
For sojje it most be don 
J5is ilke pin es for me diht 
And lang es of mi fader hiht 
Oner pas I sal it son 

Ne dred Jju noht moder swet 
J)at I wil te ]?us forlete 
J)oh I nu fra fe far 
For wit Jjou wel ik am wit pe 
Wit outen twin and ai sal be 
Fra nu for euirmar 

I mostin vndirlie J?e ded 

Sin it es suilk mi f aderis red 

J)e ded al for to quel 

Quefin pat I com f u wat al plain 

]?idir sal I nu stei again 

Quen ik haf herid helle 

EDINBUR^H 



1390 **I GO BEFORE FOR THY BENEFIT, THOU SHALT FOLLOW. JOHN, TAKE 1 



)) 



MOTHER AS THINE. ' WHILE JESUS SPAKE THUS, THEY WERE ALL DUMB FOR GBOI 



IF I far be-for, it es to pru, 24293 
Bot cum wit me fou noght nu, 
Bot ]70u sal folu me eft, 24295 

I far, for me be-houis weind, 
To-quils sal iohn fat es J?i freind 



Listed o me be left." 



IT "lolm," be said, " Jjis mai foubere. 
Take kepe nu to mi moder dere, 
And seme hir wit solace ; 24301 

fou tak mi moder nu for fine, 
For-sotb i sal wel pass J)is pine, 
Wit yow sal be mi grace." 24304 

% Quils iesus spak J)is wordes quon 
^ [To tecbe] ]?aim quat fai suld don, 
[fai fined] nogbt to grete ; P hfre?™ 
[For murn]ing aU fan dumb war ]?ai, 
[Sua fa]t a word mogbt fai not sai, 
[Ne sta]nd apon fair fete. 24310 

IF fir martirs tuin fat i of mene, 
Cosins batb and martirs clone, 
Q[2^en] fai berd crLsts voice 24313 
Sa waik fat vnetbes most fai bere. 
Come neuer care fair bert sa nere. 
For bim fai sagb on croice. 24316 

IF Wit bard tbraus fat be tbrou, 
fai sagb fat be to ded drou, 
fat sogbt fair bertes sare ; 24319 

Als ded fai war, wit-vten speke. 
Was neuer for soru ar tua sa seke, 
Sin ani werldes ware. 24322 

IT " Vr spirit was als fled us fra. 
For we ne wist o natbing bot wa, 
f of we berd quat be said ; 24325 

COTTON 



IF I ga be-fore bit is f i prow, [hrfi 
bot come wif me mai f ou no3t now. 
bot f ou salle folow eft. 
baue goday sone wil I. wende. 
to-quilis sal lofin fat is f i f rende 



24298 in-stede of me be left. 



IT lobn be saide f is mai f ou here, 
take kepe now to mi moder dere 
& serue bir wif solace, 
fou take my moder now for fine 
al if I. now sal passe f is pine, 
wif 30U sal be my grace. 

auen ibe^us spac f es wordis sone 
to teicbe bam quat fai suldedon 
fai fined no3t to grete. 
for sorou alle doumbe ware f aL 
a worde mojt fai no3t say. 
ne stande a-pon f aire fete. 

IF our lauedi & lobn fat I of mene 
cosignis & maidenis were fai clone 
quen fai berde cristis voyce. 
ful stille be spac al sulde no3t bere 
come neuer care f aire bert sa nere 
for bim fai sagb on croice 

IF of barde f rawes be b • . ^ 
fai sagb fat to f e dede be drogb. 
fat so3t f aire bertis sare 
als dede fai ware & no3t speke. 
was neuer for sorou ij. als seke. 
sin ani werldis ware. 

IF our lauedi saide quat vs is wa. 
cbilder bo saide baue I. na ma, 
mi bert na-f ing' is paide. 

FAIRFAX 



THE TWO MARTYRS, COUSINS AND MAIDENS, SCARCELY HEARD FOR WOE, 1391 
THBY WERE LIKE THE DEAD WHEN THEY SAW HIS DEATH-THROES. 



p] far H-for, it es ]?i prou, 24293 
JBot cum wid me mai ]?u noght nu, 
Bet J)u sal folu eft, 24295 

I fare, for me bihouis to weind, 
To-quilis sal iohn j>ai es J)i freind 
In-sted of me be left." 24298 

*' [I]olin," he said, "J?is mai Jjii here, 
Take kepe nu to mi moder dere. 
And serue Mr wid solace ; 24301 

]ju take mi moder mi for pine. 
For Jjou Jjat i sal passe J)is pine, 
wid 3U sal be mi grace." 24304 

[Q]uilis iesus spac fir wordes son 
To tecbe J?aim quat pai suld don, 
Jjai fined nogbt to grete ; 24307 

For mumiwg al dumb war pai. 
Sua pat a word might pai noght sai, 
Ke stand apon pair fete. 24310 

[p]ir martris tuin pat i of mene, 
Cosines bath and maidens clene, 
Quen pai herd cristes voice 24313 
Sua waike pat vnethes might pai here. 
Com neuer care pair hertis sua nere. 
For him pai sau on croice. [coi. 2] 

[Wjid hard thraues pat he throu, 
pai sau pat he to dede him drou, 
pat soght pair hertis sare ; 24319 

Als dede pai war, widuten speke, 
was neuer for soru tua sua seke, 
Sipen ani werldes ware. 24322 

"[V]r spirit was als fled vs fra, 

For we wist of na-thing hot wa, 

pou we herd quat he said ; 24325 

GOTTINGEN 



I far bif or it es pi pru 

Bot cum wit me mai pu noht nu 

Bot tu sal folu?i efte 

I far for me bihouis to wend 

To quil sal Ion pat es pi frend 

Insted of me be left 

loon he said pis mai pu her 
Ta kep nu to moder der 
And serue hir wit solace 
)pou tak mi moder nu for pin 
For poht pat sal pas pis pin 
Wit you sal be mi grace 

Quil Ihe^u spac pir wordis quon 
To techen paim quat tai sul do[n] 
J5ai ne finid noht to gret 
For soruing al dumb war pai 
Swa pat a word miht pai noht sai 
Na stand apon pair fete 

J5ir martiris tuim pat ik of men 
Kosnis bape and maiden clen 
Quen pai herd Cristis woice 
Sa waik pat vnnepe moht pai her 
Com neuir kar pair hert sa ner 
For him pai sah on croice 

Wit hard trhauis pe he prow 
J5ai sau pat he to ded him drew 
J3at soht pair hertis sare 
Als ded pai war wit outen spek 
Was neuir for soru tua sa sek 
Sin ani werdis ware 

Vr spirit was als fled vs fra 
For wen wist of naping bot wa 
Jpoch we herd quat he said 

EDINBURGH 



1392 "JOHN AND I COULD NOT SFEIK, X VOICE FROM CHRIST THRILLEO) THBOU( 
US, WE WERE BOTH WOUNDED, HIS MOTHER AND HIS COUSIN ! 



Speke we wald, might had we nan, 

For-J)i we stemmed still als stan, 

J?of lijf was vs for-laid. 24328 

IF Als suith Jjar com a uord, 

!Fra ]?e croice o crist suord, 

And thrild bath vr hert ; Ccoi. 2] 24331 

Ful kene it was and com ful kene, 

Ful soth it was apon vs sene, 

fat smitten war sa smert. 24334 

IF fof we war wonded bath i-wiss, 
Mi wond it was herder fan his, 
Bot bath war herd i-nogh ; 24337 
He was mi sun, and cosin his, 
To me Hs moder did fai J)at mis, 
J?ai wroght on him wit wogh. 24340 

IF Vr soruing bath it was for an 
fat vs bath in flexs and ban, 
Sli baret had na bote ; 24343 

To tene al tight us was fat time, 
Qtien we na hele moght se on him, 
Fra hefd vnto f e fote. 24346 

IF Had he noght fre on all his fell, 

In suime al falden dun i fell. 

And far als ded i lai ; 24349 

fat suime was mi soruing suage. 

Lot quen i raxsild vp in rage, 

I ne wist bot wail wai. 24352 

IF Wit-vten croice f e cros i bare, 
fat croiced was, was al mi care ; 
Qusn i on him bi-heild, 24355 

"Wit spere f ai stoked him wit wrang, 
fat ilk min hert it thoru stang, 
And hyed me til held. 24358 

COTTON 



speke we walde mouf had we nan 
for-f i we stemmed stil as stane. 
in squowen were we laide. 

IF f e penaunce fat we on him seye 
mu3t na creature hit dreye. 
hit f irled of vs f e hert. 
ful sharp hit was & come ful kene 
ful sof hit was a-pon vs sene 
fat made vs sare to smert. 

IF if we ware wounded baf I. -wis 
mi wounde hit was sarer fan is. 
bot baf ware il L-nogh 
he was mi sone & cosin his. 
to me for-sof f ai did amis, 
fat wro3t on him fat wogh. 

IF our sorowing hit was baf for an. 
fat satte vs baf in flesshe & bane, 
suche baret had na bote, 
fat batail for-sof was ful grim, 
quen we na hele mu3t se on hira. 
fra heued vn-to f e fote. 

IF had he no3t fre on al his felle. 

in squyme ri3t f er doun I. feL 

& f er als dede I. lay 

bot quen fat squyme be-gan to squ 

vp I. raxeled me in a rage^ 

I. ne wiste bot waleway 

IF wif-outen cros. f e cros I. bare, 
fat crossed was. was al mi care, 
quen I. on him be-helde. 
f ai stokid him wif a spere wif wrg 
fat f orou mi hert I felde hit stang 
my-self I mu^t no3t welde. 

FAIRFAX 



)TH MOURNED FOR ONE OP OUR FLESH AND BONE; I FELL DOWN IN 1393 
A swoon; I BORE THE CROSS AND FELT THE SPEAR. 



> we wald, miglit had we nan, Spek we wald miht hafd we wan 
. we stemmed still als stane, For j>i we stemid stil als stan 

jfwas vs for-laid. 24328 Jjhoh lif was us forlaid 



lith fan far come a worde, 

B erois of cristes suord, 

ihriled bath vr herte ; 24331 

rath it was and come ful kene, 

)ne it was apon vs sene, 

aiten war sua smart 24334 

we war wondid bath i wiss, 
3nd it was harder fan his, 
ath war hard enoght ; 24337 
as mi sun, and cosin his, 
3 his jRoder did f ai fat mis, 
roght on him wid wogh. 24340 

mumiwg bath it was for an 
tt vs bath in fless and ban, 
iret had na bote ; 24343 

ne all tight vs was fat time, 
we na hele might se on hime, 
eued vnto fe fote. 24346 

I he noght fre on all his fell, 

ime al falden dun i fell, 

far als dede i lay ; 24349 

lime was of mi soru suage, 

uen i raxed vp in sauage, 

wist bot walaway. 24352 

I'Yien croice f e croice i bare, 
oiced was, was all mi care ; ^^^l^^^* 
i on him biheld, 24355 

ere f ai stock wid, wid wrang, 
k mine hert it thorn stang, 
heied me to heild. 24358 

GdTTINGBN 



Als suif e far com an orde 
Fra f e croice of cristis suord 
And f irlid baf e ur hert 
Ful ken it was and com ful ken 
Ful sof e it was apon us sen 
J5at smitim war sa smert 

J)oh we war wondit baf e I wis 
Mi wond it was hardir fan his 
Bot baf e was hard inoht 
He was mi son and cosin his 
To me his moder did f ai fat mis 
J?ai wroht on him f is woh 

Vr sorvvin baf e it was for an 
J)at sat vs baf e in fleis and ban 
Swilk baret hauid na bote 
To ten al tiht vs was fat tim 
Quen we na hel moht se on him 
Fra heuid vnto f e fote 

Hauid he noht fre on al his feUe 
In suim al faldin dun I fel 
And far als ded I lai 
J)at suim was of mi soruing swage 
I wist noht walewai 

"Wit oucen croice f e croice I bar 
Jpat croicid wes was al mi car 
Quen ik on him biheld 
Jpe sper f ai stokid him wit wrang 
J5at ilk mi hert it f oru stang 
And hid me to held 

EDINBURGH 



( 



1394 "the nails that pierced Mr son pierced me, love so bound us 

"together. I NOW KNOW WOMAN's SORROW, WHICH I NEVER KNEW BBFORK." 

^ fe nails fat him feat on rode, IT Je nailis fat him frange. on rode 

Thoru mi hend and fete fai stode, porou mine hende & fete pal stode 

Sua luue vs samen band ! 24361 squa lone vs sammen bande. 

Jje luue fat mar mai lei, fe loue fat neuer-mare mai leye. 

f e dome vs did to-gider drei, to-gedder we did fa painis dreye 

Hard faand i f ar-of fend. 24364 & fat ful harde I. fande. 

IF Wen i was lighter o fat leue, ^ quen I. was li3ter of fat leue 

Fand i nathing me to greue, in my childing I. fande na greue 

"Ne kind me kid hot god." 24367 hot bere mi childe wif gode. 

Bot nu SCO greues al again, bot now hit greuis me fat paine 

And dubles al his moder pain & doublis hit wele mare againe. 

fat fbrwit sco wit-stode. 24370 fat be-fore wif -stode. 

IT " Bot i fat fanded neuer ar, IT of sorou knew I. neuer are 

Nu i wat wommaw care, now I. wate of womman care 

And neuer i wist be-forn ; " 24373 & neuer I. wiste be-forne. 

For es naman sa wiss o lare, for is na man sa wise in lare 

fat ai can se fair tender fare, f e sorou can tel of wommans fEure 

For child fat f ai ha bom. 24376 fat a childe has borne. 

^ IF A ! leuedi, hu f ou fand it cuth, ^ A lauedi f ou findis hit couf . 

f e sagh symon muth, P if ise, bk, coi. i] f e sagh fat come of symeons mouf . 

fat he lang syfen tald. 24379 fat he lange sif en talde [thwer 

He said a suerd suld stik [ouer] thuert he saide a squorde sulde stike ouei 

To thirl thoru fin aun hert, f orou & f orou fine awen hert. 

fat are fir cares cald. 24382 fat is fer caris calde. 

IF Wei sorful was fat suerd and [sare], IF f iss sorouful was fat squorde & sai 

Leuedi ! comforth of al vr care ! lauedi confort of alle our care 

fat fe bitid fat tide, 24385 fat f e be-tiddie 

f ou fat soru ne wist noght are, f ou fat of 

Nu f i soru it was f e mare, for-f i f i st 

f at boden f e was to bide. 24388 fat nede^ .... PMs.tornh© 

f " To bide i most wit-vten bote, IF A-bidelmostwif-outenbote. Qf i04,v 

It raght mi hert al thoru f e rote, fat stode vn-to mine hert rote. 

Vnrideli on me rane ; 24391 vn-rideli hit me rane. 

COTTON FAIRFAX 



LADY, NOW TOU FIND SIMBON's SATINQ TRUE, THAT A SWORD OF 1395 
SORROW SHOULD STRIKB THROUGH TOUR HEART. 

lailes pat him fest on rode, pe nail p&t him fest on rod 

11 in hefd and fete pai jode, 

uue vs samen band I 24361 [A gap in the MS.] 

ue pat neuermar mai ley, 
me vs did to-gider drei, 
faand i ]7ar-of fand. 24364 



3n i was lighter of Jjat leue, 

id i na-thing me to greue, 

ind me kid hot gode." 24367 

in scho greues al again, 

dublis nu ])is moder pain 

Drwid scho wid-stode. 24370 

ot i pan fanded neuer are, 

wate of womman care, 

neuer i wist bifom ;" 24373 

iS na man sua wise in lare, 

11 can se pat tender fare, 

)ai J)at child has born. 24376 

ledi ! hu nu pvL fand it cuth, 
ue of symeons muth, 
le lang Bipen tald. 24379 

ud a suord suld stick oueHhuert 
and thoru ]7in aun hert, 
r Jjir caris cald. 24382 

. sorful was pat suord and sare, 

d ! confort of vr care I 

e bitidd fat tide, 24385 

it of soru na thing wist ar, 

i soru it was pe mare, 

ide Jje was to bide. 24388 

o bide i most widuten bote, 

ght mi hert elto pe rote, 

ieli on me rane; 24391 

GOTTINGBN EDINBURGH 



1396 



t< 



I VOUND NO REST. MY SON THIRSTED, THEY GAVE mM A BITTBB. 
DRINK OF QALL AND VINEGAR j HE CRIED OUT TO GOD. 



mine vnro fand i na rest, of mine vn-roo. fande I. na rest. 

And bodi ai mine hert to brest, & praied atte mine hart mote brest 

"Wit mani a grisli grane. 24394 wij) mani & grisli grane. 



IT Qiien fat mi sun was al for-bled, 
fat sua wit soru was forwit fedd, 
Him thristed sare he said ; 24397 
fai did bim digbt a bitter drink, 
Ne left Jjai forwit for na suinc, 
Of gaU of aissil graid. 24400 

IT Qwen be bad tasted wit bis mutb. 

He it for-sok, was na selcutb ! 

Bot cried ans and eft, 24403 

* Mi fader,' be said, * beloy, 

Mi lauerd godd, sai me nu qui 

fou bas me fus bi-left ? ' 24406 

IF fan lete be dun bis beued beild. 
His seli saul al for to yeild, 
In-til bis fader band ; 24409 

f e elementes fan murned all, 
(^uen f ai sagb sua fair maker fall, 
fat wrogbt fam for to stand. 24412 

IF f e ertb bigan to cmol and quak, 
f e aier gun durken and to blak. 
And mumd all wit bim ; 24415 

Batb suwn and mon wit-vten ligbt, 
Oner al f e werld ne was bot night, 
Al droned and wex dime. 24418 

^ f e see to din, f e stanes claf, 

f e temple fra f e rof al raf, 

f e ded ras o fair den ; 24421 

Hali men fat bad forwit ben, 

Al opind war fair graues sen, [coi. 2] 

fat cuth fair frendes ken. 24424 

COTTON 



IF quen fat mi sone was al for-bled. 
fat squa wif sorou was be fed. 
bim f rested sare he saide. 
f ai did bim di3t a bitter drink, 
ne left f ai nojt for na squink 
of galle & aysel graide. 

IF quen he had tasted wif bis mouf. 

be hit for-soke was na selcouf . 

bot f us he cried eft. 

mi fader be saide fen beloy. 

my lorde god to f e I. cry. 

inj saule wif f e be left. 

IF fen lete he doun bis beued belde 

bis cely saule for to 3ilde 

vn-til his fader bande 

f e elementis fen mirkenid alle 

quen f ai sagb f aire fourme falle 

fat wro3t ham for to stande. 

IF f e erf be-gan to tremble & quake 
f e wedder be-gan to derkin & blake 
& mourned alle wif him. 
baf sunne & mone wif-outen lijt 
ouer aUe f e werlde hit was bot nijt 
hit dronid & wex sa dim. 

IF f e see to dyn f e stanis clafe. 
f e temple fra f e rofe bit rafe. 
f e dede ras of f aire den. 
hali men be-fore had bene, 
al opin ware f aire grauis sene. 
fat couf f aire frendis ken. 

FAIRFAX 



HEAD FELL, HE GAVE UP HIS SOUL TO HIB FATHER. THB EARTH 1397 
AKED AND ALL CREATION MOURNED j THB DEAD ROSE, GRAVES OPENED. 

ine vnro fand i na rest, fcoi. si 

bodid al mi hert to brest, 

nani a grisli grane. 24394 

jn Jjat mi sun was all for-bled, 
ua wid soru was forwid fed, 
thristed sare and said ; 24397 
im digbt a bitter drinck, 
'.ft ]7ai noght for pair suinck, 
dl and aisel graid. 24400 

m he bad tasted wid bis mutb, 
J forsoke, was na selcutb ! 
rid anes and eft, 24403 

fader," be said fan, " eloy, 
,uerd godd, sai me nu qui 
U3me jjusbileft?" 24406 

. lete be dun bis befd beild, 
^eli saule al forto jeild, 
1 bis fadir band ; 24409 

^mentis Jjan mumed all, 
)}ai sau pair make fall, 
Togbt faim forto stand. 24412 

$rd bigan to riue and quake, 
' gan durkin and to blake, 
mumed all wid him ; 24415 

sun and mone widvte?i ligbt, 
al Jje werld ne was both night, 
roued and wex dim. 24418 

ee to din, pe stanes clef, 
nple fra pe rof it ref, 
de ras of pair den ; 24421 

men pat bad forwid bene, 
p war fair grauis sene, 
itb fair freindes ken. 24424 
gCttinqen 



1398 ''it behoved me to beab his trouble with him; no one oan THim 
HOW I mourned; who does not know what weeping is mat list to mk 

IT Quen i sagh )>us all thinges skum, IT quen I. sag& al fis werlde tome. 

Vn-feland for fair lauerd mum, vn-felande for faire lorde mouine 

Moght i me noght for-ber ; 24427 mujt 1. me nojt for-bere. 

fat me ne behouid wit-vten spar, ]7at ne me be-houid wi]7-outen spare 

Of him fat i o bodi bar, of him fat I. of bodi bare. 

His baret wit him ber. 24430 baret wij) him to here. 

IF Es na tang fat recken moght, IF is na tonge fat rekkin mojt. 

Ke naman hert to think in thoght, ne mannis hert to fink in f ojt. 

Mi soruing to f e teind ; 24433 ^ . . . . to fe teinde. PMS-ton] 

Bot fan mi mum was al-f er mast, was maste. 

Qt/€n fat i sagh him yeild f e gast, Ide fe gaste 

fat me was suilk a freind. 24436 nde. 

IF I sagh him dei, i sorud ai, IF I. sagh him deye I. sorowed ay. 

Mi site es al fat i can sai, mi mischief I. ne tel hit may. 

Mi tening es sa togh, 24439 mi tening' is squa togh. 

Qua ne wist forwit quat weping we[re], qua-sim of sorou nane has here. 

Do list to me and f ai mai here, herkin to me & je mai lere. 

For nu wat i inogh. 24442 for certis I. haue L-noglL 

IF I stod fan be fat reuful tre, IF I. stode vnder fat ruful tree. 

fat al mi soru was on to se, fat alle mi sorou was on to se. 

f ar-on was al mi sight ; 24445 fer-on was alle mi sijt. 

Apon mi tas of-sith i stod, a-pon mi taas oft-sif e I stode 

Roles ram-band to f e rode, roles raxlande to f e rode 

fat wa al fat i might. 24448 na mare do I. ne mujt. 

IF Botqt*enf at i ne moght elles sp[ede], IF bot quen fat I mu^t nojt spede 

Dun to fal fan most i nede, doun to falle fen mote I. nede. 

To climb had i na hald ; 24451 to climbe had. I. na halde. 

Bot als ferrsum i moght reke, bot als ferre as I. mote reke. 

To kis fat tre was blodi weke, to kis f e tree of blode wif weke 

Was na mar will o wald. 24454 was na mare wille of walde. 

IF Luue me did him ferrer bede IF & jet I. did me f orf er bede. 

fan i moght cmn til end wit dede, fen I. mujt come til ende wit^ dede 

Mar wend i |?an i moght ; 24457 mare wende I. fen I. mojt. 

COTTON FAIRFAX 



>0D NEAR THE CROSS, I STOOD ON MY TOES STRETCHING UPWARDS, 1399 
I FELL, I HAD NO HOLD TO CLIMB UP BT, BUT I KISSED THE TBBB. 



372 i ])us sau al thinges skurn, 

and for fair laucrd murn, 

it i me noght for-bere ; 24427 

ae ne bihoued widute/i spar, 

Lm pat i of bodi bare, 

Daret wid him to bere. Deaf iji. back, 

col. IJ 

5S na tung Jjat rekin mogbt, 
lanes hert to thine in thoght, 
lurning to ]?e teind ; 24433 

ban mi murn was aljjermast, 
'. ]?at i sau him jeilde J?e gast, 
le was suilk a freind. 24436 

lu him dei, i sorud ay, 

Lte es all pat i can say, 

ining es sua togh, 24439 

ne wist forwit quat weping ware, 

to me and ])ai mai here, 

lu wate i enogh. 24442 

;od fan bi pat reuful tre, 

U mi soru was on to se, 

n was all mi sight ; 24445 

L mi taas oft sith i stod, 

3 raxland to pe rode, 

ras all ]7at i might. 24448 

][uan pat i ne might ellis spede, 

to fall ]7an must i nede, 

imb bad i na bald ; 24451 

ds feiT als i might reke, 

isse J)[a]t tre was blodi weke, 

la mar will of wald. 24454 

le me did me ferrer bede 
might cum til end wid dede, 
wend i fan i moght ; 24457 

GOTTINGEN 



1400 "l THOUGHT COULD I ONOB REACH HIM WITH MY HAND I SHOULD HAYl 
BEEN BETTER." AH 1 LADY, WHAT MARTYRDOM I THY FACE IS WAN, THOU FINDEST 



Baldli bedd i vp mi hend, 
Haf wownen to mi sun i wend, 
Alias ! al was for noght. 



24460 



IT Me-thoglit moght it apon him rine, 
Mi lemmaxi leif and lauerd mine, 
]yu8 bri/inand in mi bale, 24463 

And wit mi hand him ans reche. 
He jjat all sare was vnto leche, 
I suld ha ben all hale." 24466 

IT Ha ! ha ! leuedi, sli martirdom, 
Qua might it tell he suld ha tom, 
Quat langur was it laid ; [leaf 137, coi. i] 
pi saul es molten al to ded, 24470 
J?i face es wan as ros vnrede, 
Als forwit pat fe was said. 24472 

IT Nu findes fou na better bliss 
])an pi suns blod to kis, 
]yat spied es on pe gress ; 24475 

" Soth," coth fou, " bot yeitt i sale, 
Be broght al clene vte mi bale, 
Quen mi sun willes es. 24478 

IF Her-wit come me son succur 
And sum lightnes mi langwr, 
loseph and nichodeme, 24481 

Mi sun to mensk, and sua J^ai did. 
For all wirscip til him fai kidd, 
Jair come was me ful quern. 24484 

IT Wit f aim god chere fai broght inogh, 

Vte of his fete fe nails drogh. 

And [als] vte of his hend, 24487 

Quen i sagh son warto fai tight, 

Al mi licam can ])ai light. 

And mi mode a-mend. 24490 

COTTON 



baldeli putte I. vp my hende. 
haue wownin to my sons I. wende 
bot doun L felle 

IF Me [fojt mujt] I. a-pon him line 
mi leueli sone & lorde myne. 
]7us brennande in mi bale. 
& wijj mine hande him anis reche 
of al mi sorou he mu^t me leche 
& make me sounde & hale. 

IF Now lauedi suche martirdome 
I. con no3t telle, ne has na tome 
quat angre on fe was laide. 
fi bodi is wanne as pon ware dede 
quere is ]?i faire blode was rede 
& in J)i bodi graide. 

IF Now findis J)ou na better blis. 
bot pi sone blode to kis. 
fat spred is on fat gresse. 
sof ho saide bot 3et I. sale, 
be bro3t al clene out of mi bale 
quen mi sone wiUis is. 

II here-wif come me sone socour 
& sum li3tnes of mi langour 
loseph & nichodeme. 
mi sone to menske & squa f ai did 
for muche worshepe til him f ai kid 
faire come was me ful queme pieafiot] 

* wif ham gode gere f ai bro3t I.-nogli 

out of his fete f e nailis f ai drogh 

al-squa out of his hende. 

& quen I. sagh quar-to f ai ti3t 

mi hert be-gan to rise & lijt 

& my chere to amende. 

FAIRFAX 



nNG BETTER THAN TO KISS THY SON's BLOOD. '^ JOSEPH AND NICHODEMUS 1401 
iBOUOHT SOME CHEER, THET DREW THE NAILS FROM HIS HANDS AND FEET. 

li bedd i vp mi hend, 

a wonen, to mi sun i wend, 

3 ! al was for noght. 24460 

i-thoght might i apone him rine, 
smman lijf, and lauerd mine, 
3rinand in mi bale, 24463 

wid mi hand him anes reche, 
at all sare was wont to leche, 
d haue bene all hale.'' 24466 

! leuedi, sli martirdome, 

might it tell he suld haue tome, 

langur was fe laid ; P coi.2] 

il es multen al to dede, 24470 
le es wann sua rose vnred, 
brwid J)e wa said. 24472 

findes J)U na better blis 
s Jji sunes blode to kiss, 
pred es on fat griss ; 24475 

h," coth Jju, " bot jeit i sale, 
ene be broght vte of mi bale, 
mi sun willis ess. 24478 

•e-wid com me sone socure, 
sum Hghtnes of mi langur, 
h and nichodeme, 24481 

in to menske, and sua )?ai did, 
11 worschip til him fai kid, 
um was me ful queme. 24484 

I f aim broght j>ai gere enogh, 

' his fete )?e nail droght, 

ds vte of his hend, 24487 

i sau sone quarto J)ai thight, 

d licam bigan to light, 

ni mode to mend. 24490 

GOTTINGEN 



1402 '^ WHEN HIS BODT WAS IN MT ABMS MY ORIEF JNORBASED, I COULD NOT fOfr 
BEAR WEEPING, BUT A KISS EASED MT BOBBOW. O BON 1 WHEN DIDST THOU WBOKOl 



IT Quen i him had in armes fald, 

)>at suet flexs all dri and cald, 

Behaldand on his wondes, 24493 

))an higan mi gle to gru, 

Mar )?an animan wald tru. 

And neud me mi stondes. 24496 

IF Bot J>ar-of bmed me sum hote, 
fat i moght toche him hand and fote. 
And hald him in mi barme ; 24499 
Ne moght i noght for-ber grete, 
Bot quen i sa moght kis )?at suete, 
fe ynharder was mi harm. 24502 

IF On him mi hefd i scock, and said, 

* Vngretli, leif sun, er J)ou graid ! 

Quat has ])ou said or wroght, 24505 

Quer fon did ani feluni, 

Or ani maner o plight, for qui 1 

Nai, nai, did fon noght. 24508 

IT Kai leue sun ! had fou na wijt, 
For to suffer sli despijt, 
Bot al it was for-fi 24511 

Jat )?ou wald boru man o wa, 

meknes leue him sample sua, 

Jat J)ou come for to hi. 24514 

IF Her in mi barm hald i fe ded, [col 2] 
Alias ! quat es me nu to red, 

1 wrechidest of all ! 24517 
Alias ! quat es mi mikel mirth 

ioi J)at i had in mi birth, 

Sua fersli to faU. 24520 

IF Me es ful wa, ful wa es me I 

To grete es turnd al mi gle, 

Na blis mai mak me blith. 24523 

COTTON 



IF quen I him had in armis falde 
])at squete flesshe ba]> diye & calde 
be-haldande on his woondis. 
fen be-gan mi chere to grow©, 
mare )^an ani man wills trowe 
fat newed me mi stoundis. 

IF bot fer-of had I. muche bote 
quen I. mujt touche him hand & fote. 
& halde him in my barme 
ne mu^t L no^t for-bere mi grete 
bot quen I. kis him mu3t fat squete 
hit slokkenid muche mine harme 

IF on him mi heued I. shoke & saicb 

vn-semeli leue sone artow graide 

quat has f ou saide or wro^t 

quef er euir f ou did ani felom. 

or ani maner of plijt for quy. 

nai nay ne dide^ f au nojt. P ttSSSST* 

IF nai leue sone was per na wite 
at f ou sulde suffre such dispite 
bot alle hit was for f L 
fat f ou walde borou man of wa. 
of mekenes leue ensaumple squa 
at f ou come for to by. 

IF here in mine arme I. halde f e dede 
alias quat is me best to rede. 
I. am a wrecche of alle. 
alias quare is mi mikil mirf 
of ioy fat I. had in my birf . 
squa ferH doun to falle. 

IF me is ful wa. wa is me 
to grete is tumid alle mi gle. 
na blis mai make me blif e 

FAIRFAX 



THOU HADST NO FAULT, THOU OAMEST TO GET MAN OUT OP WOE. I HOLD 1403 
THEE NOW DEAD IN MT ABM^ WRBTOHED AM I ! WOE IS ME I 

[Q]uen i liiin had in armis fald, 

fat suete fless iDatli dri and cald, 

Bihaldand on his wondis, 24493 

]>an bigan mi gle to grou. 

Mar ^an ani man wald trou, 

And neu me mi stundis. 24496 

[B]ot farof breud me sum bote, 
fat i might kis him hand and fote. 
And hald him in mi barm ; 24499 
Ne might i noght forbere mi grete, 
Bot queTt i kist his muth sa suete, 
fe lesse it was mi hann. 24502 

[0]n him mi hefd i schok, and said, 
vngertli, leue sun, art J)u graid 1 
Quat has J)u said or wroght, 24505 
Que)?er J)U did ani feluni, Qeaf i62, coi. i] 
Or ani maner of plight for qui 1 
Nay, nay, ne did J)u noght. 24508 

[N]ay leue sun ! had fu na wite, 

Forto suflfers like despite, 

Bot aU it was for-fi 24511 

^at ^u wald boru man of wa. 

Of mekenes leue him sample sua, 

fat fu come for to bi. 24514 

[H]ere in mi barm hald i \>e dede. 

Alias ! quat es me nu to rede, 

I wrechedest of aU ! 24517 

Alias I quar es mi mekil mirth 

Of ioy Jat i had in fi birth. 

Sua fersli nu to falL 24520 



Sa fersli to f al 



[leafl3] 



[M]e es ful wa, ful wa es me ! 

To grete es turned all mi gle, 

Na blis mai make me blith. 24523 

GdTTlNGBN 



Me es ful waful wa es me 
To gret es turnid al mi gle 
Na blis mai mak me hlipe 

EDINBURGH 



\ 



1404 ^'O SON, SEND THT HOLY GHOST SOON TO ME ! I KISSED HIM AS U 
AS I could; but when I THOUGHT ON THE JEWS' ABUSE MT TEABS FEL 



If J)ou sun, wil mi muming mend, 
I wald in me )>at ])ou wald send, 
fine haligast eft sith. 24526 

IT J)at mikel ioi me was vm-sett 

Qiien i was wit fat angel gret. 

In mi licam pon Hght, 24529 

fat mikel ioi i )?an was in, 

Vnetlies mai i J)ar-of min. 

Sua mat i am o might/ 24532 

IT I kest him ]>an hath frunt and chek, 

Muth and nese, and eien eke, 

Ai quils i moght drei ; 24535 

Bot quen i sagh fai face he-spitt, 

And thogh apon ])at juus flitt, 

})e tere fell o min eL 24538 

IT I murnand moder fus for-madd. 

In sterin stanging was i stadd, 

Sa war mi stundes store j 24541 

Mi lijf was ded, ded was mi lijf, 

Jus was i stiked al wit strijf. 

To teU al war ful tore. 24544 

IT Nu i lig and no i stand, 

Bunden ))us in halful band, 

Bot hope bote i bare, 24547 

bale and bote suilk was mi soru, 

He hight to rise fe thrid moru, 

Jat hope for-kest mi care. 24550 

IT fan nichodeme fat dughti knight, 
Wit ioseph nam fat cors to dight, 
To beri als was best. 24553 

For luue bad i f am for to bide, 
Oif er to lai me be his side, 
To-geder for to rest. 24556 

COTTON 



if f ou sone wil mi moM7Tiing« menc 
I walde in me atte f ou walde send 
fine haligaste to kif e. 

IF in mikil ioy I. was vmsette 
quen I was wif fat angel grette 
in mi licame f ou lijt. 
fat mikil ioy fat I. was in. 
vnnef is mai I. f er-of Myn. 
squa mate I. am of mi^t. 

IT I kis him fan baf frunte & chel 

mouf & neise & eyen eke. 

ay quiHst I. mu3t dreye. 

& quen I. sagh fat face be-spitte 

& f o^t a-pon fat iewes flitte 

f e tere felle on mine eye. 

IF I moumande moder f us for mad 
vn-sturen stakid was I. stad. 
squa ware mi stoundes felle 
mi leue was dede. dede was mi life 
f us was I. stikid alle wif strife 
wele mare fan I. con telle. 

IF now I. lye & now I. stande. 
bundin f us in baleful bande. 
bot bote he hijt me fare, 
of bale & bote suche was mi sorou 
he hijt to rise f e f rid morow. 
fat hope for kest mi care. 

IF fen nichodeme fat du3ti kni^t. 
wif ioseph toke fat cors to dijt. 
to biry als was best, 
for loue I. bad ham for to bide, 
or ellis to lay me bi his side 
to-gedder for to rest. 

FAIRFAX 



I WAS TORN WITH STRIPE, NOW LYING, NOW STANDING, I HAD CARE AND HOPE, 1405 
FOR HB PROMISED TO RISE THE THIRD DAY. I BEGGED THEM TO BURT MB BT RIM. 



If J)u sun, wil mi mwmi7?g mend, 

I wald in me pat pu wald send, 

pin hali gast eft sitli. 24526 

[J)]at mekil ioi me was vmsett 

Quen i was wid f e angel grett, 

In mi T)odi pu light, 24529 

)>at mekil ioi i )?an was in, 

vnethes mai i J)ar-of min. 

Sua mate i am of might. 24532 

[I] kist him pan bath frunt and cheke, 

Muth and nese, and eien eke, 

At-quilis i might drei ; 24535 

For quen J)i face hespitt. 

And thoght apon J?e iuus flitt, 

J)e tere fell dun of mine eie. 24538 

[I] murnand moder pus for-made, 

ynsterin staikid was i stadd, 

Sua war mi stundes store ; 24541 

Mi lijf was dede, dede was mi lijf, 

pus was i stikid all wid strijf. 

To tell it war ful tore. [ooi. 2] 24544 

[N]u i ligg and nu i stand, 

Bunden pus in balful band^ 

Bot hope of bote i bare, 24547 

Of bale and bote slik was mi soru, 

He hight to rise pe thrid moru, 

pait hope for-kest mi kare. 24550 

[p]an nichodeme pat doghti knight, 
wid ioseph nam pat cors to dight. 
To beri it als was best, 24553 

For luu6 badd i pan forto bide, 
Ouper to lay me bi his side, 
To-gider for to nu rest. 24556 

G^TINGBN 



If pu wil sun mi murning mend 
I wald in me pat pu wald send 
])ia hali gast eft sip 

]3at mikel ioi I was vmset 
Quen I was wit pat angel gret 
In mi likham pu lyht 
Jjat mikil ioi pan was I in 
Vnnefe nu mai I parof min 
Sua mat ik am of miht 

I kissid him bape frunt and chek 
Mupe and nes and ein and chek 
Ai quilis I moht drei 
Bot quen I sau pat face bispit 
And poh apon pa, iuwis flite 
Jje tere fel of min ey 

I murnand moder pus for mad 
Vnsterin staking was I stad 
Sa wa mi stondes stor 
Mi lif was ded ded was mi lif 
]3us was I stikid al wit strife 
To tel it war ful tor 

Nu I Kg and nu I stand 
Bundin pus in balful band 
Bot hop of bute I bar 
Of bale and bot sulk was mi soru 
He hiht to ris pQ pred moru 
]3at hop forkest mi kar 

]3an nicodem pat duhti kniht 
Wit losep nam pat cors to diht 
To birin als was best 
For lufe I bad paim for to bide 
Or for to lai me by his side 
Togider for to rest 

EDINBURGH 



1406 '^I HELD MT CHILD BAOK WHEN NIOODBHUS AND JOSEPH WOULD EM 
BURIED HIM. * FBIENDS, PITT ME ; LET ME HAVE HIM DEAD, IF NOT LXYDia' 

IT I blisced oft mi blisful child, IT I. "blessed oft mi blisful childe. 

Had ncuer modor nan sa mild, had ncuer moder nane sa milde. 

pat ener me mines to min ; 24559 fat euer man mujt myn. 

fai wald ha berid him ful fain, )?ai walde haue biried him ful faine 

^ Bot i him held wit al mi main, hot I. him helde ^vi]) al mi maine. 

Sa lath us was to tuin. p leaf i87, bk, coi. 1] sa laf vs was to twin. 

IF * Freindes,' i said, * J)at es sa fre, IF frendis I. saide ^e ar ful fre. 

For drightin luue yee reu o me, for goddis loue 36 rew of me. 

Mi praier for to here, 24565 mi praier for to here. 

A quil yee latt him lij here stil, a quile je late him ly here stille. 

Yee mai do sifen all your will je mai do sij)in alle jour wille. 

Wit mi derling sua dere. 24568 wij) mi derling* sa dere. 

IF On him bi-hald es al mi blis, IF on him be-halde. is alle mi blis 

And al mi bale quen i him mis ; & alle mi bale quen I. him mis. 

Yee reu me for-fi ; 24571 3e rew of me for-J)i. 

Sin i him mai noght haue in lijf, sin I. him mai nojt haue in life 

Gis me him ded, wit-vten strijf, gif me him dede wiJ)-oute?i strife. 

Fre for your curtesi 24574 gode for 3our curtesy. 

IF Leuer me war to ded be driuen, IF leyuer me ware to dede be driuen. 

fan efter liis lijf for to linen, fen ofter his life for to linen. 

I ne roght qwat ded it war.' 24577 I. ne ro3t quat dede hit ware 

fat blissed bodi to wind f ai wald, fat blessed bodi to winde f ai walde 

And i bigan it to wit-hald, & I. be-gan againe to halde 

Sli strijf tuix us was far. 24580 suche strife twene vs was fare. 

IF " A ! leuedi, qua hard euer in lede /^ Ua. herde eyuer in ani lede. ^j5 

Of ani rune sa reuful rede, Vl^lL of rime in boke squa ruful rede 

Talking for to tell ; 24583 or in talking* teUe. 

f is semed strijf, bot this was nan, f is semid strife bot hit was nane 

For bath your will was in an, baf 3our willis accorded in ane. 

Sene was als sifen fell. 24586 sene was als sif en felle. 

IF f i sun to wirscip, wald f ai son, [ 

And sua f ou wald fat it war don, 

If luue f e ne ledd to lite. 24589 no gap in the MSJ] 

COTTON FAIRFAX 



BUT THEY BEGAN TO WIND THE BODY; THERE WAS STRIFE BETWEEN US." 1407 
AH I LADY, WHO EVER BEAD SO PITIFUL A THING ] THIS WAS NOT REAL STRIFE. 



p] "blisced oft mi blisful child, 
Had neucr moder nan sua mild, 
J^at euer me mous to min ; 24559 

fai wald haue berid him ful fain, 
Bot i him held wid all mi main. 
Sua lath me was to tuin. 24562 

* [Fjreindes,' i said, * fat es sua fre. 

For drightin luue je reu on me. 

Mi praier for to here, 24565 

A quile ^q late him li her still, 

je mai do si])en all jur will 

Wid mi dereling sua dere. 24568 

[0]n him hihaldes al mi bliss, 
And all mi bale qnan i him mis, 
Je reu on me for-J)i ; 24571 

Si]}en i mai him noght haue in lijf, 
Giues me him dede, widuten strijf, 
Fre for 3ure curtasie. 24574 

[LJeuer me war to dede be dreuin, 

Jan after his lijf forto liuen, 

I ne roght quat dede it ware.' 24577 

fat blisced bodi to wind fai wald, 

And i bigan it to wid-hald, 

Sli strijf tuix vs was fare. 24580 

" [L]euedi, qua herde euer inlede 
Of ani rune sua rewful rede, ^^"l^i^^^^* 
Talking forto teU ; 24583 

fis semed strijf, bot it was nan, 
For bath 3ur willis was in an, 
Sene was als sif en felL 24586 

[}>]i sun do worschip, wald fai sone, 
And sua f ai wald fat it war done, 
K luue fe ne ledd to lite. 24589 

GdTTINGEN 



I blicid oft mi bHsful child 
Hauid neuir moder nan sa mild 
]?at euir me muf is to min 
]3ai wald haf birid him ful fain 
Bot ik him held wit al mi main 
Sa lafe vs was to twin 

Frendis I said )}at es sa fre 
For drihtin luf ye rew of me 
Mi praier for to her 
A quil lat ye liim her H stil 
Ye mai do sifin quat ye wil 
Wit mi derling sa der 

On him bihaldis al mi blis 
And al mi bal quen ik him mis 
Ye reu of me for fi 
Sin I him mai noht haf in lif 
Gifs me him ded witouten strif 
Fre for your curtaisi 

Leuir me war to ded be driuin 
J3an ef tir his lif for to liuin 
I ne roht quat ded I war 
J3at bliced bodi to wind fai wald 
And I bigufe it withald 
Suilk strif bitwix vs was tar 

A leuedi qua herd euir in led 
Of ani run sa reuful red 
Talking for to telle 
]3is semid strif bot it was nan 
For bafe your blis it was an 
Sen was als sifin fel 

})i son to worsip wald fai son 
An sua fa wald fat it war don 
If lufe fen led to lite 

EDINBURGH 



1408 YOUR 8WBKT DISCORD WAS OP MOUTH ONLY. "WHEN HE WAS BURD 
THERE WAS MUCH GRIEVING, NOT ONLY FOR HIM, BUT FOB MY SHOWERS OF TEAB8 

J)of fou wald fai birid )?i bam, [ 

His lijk fill lath was f e to warn, 

Jat slak was o f i site. 24592 no gap in the M8.^ 

If Suilk it was yur suet discord, IF suche I. was forou squete discord* 

Discord o muth, of hert a-cord, discorde of mouj) of hert accorde. 

Als freindes bath and fede ; 24595 hot forf lio lete him lede 

Qwat did yee fan, leuedi sai mar 1 " & J?us shortli wiJ?-outen mare 

" Bot nichodem and ioseph bar Nichodeme & loseph hare. 

To delue fat bodi ded. 24598 to delue fat bodi dede. 

% Qz^en his licam in stan was laid, IF quen his licame in frugfi was laid 

Alias ! alias ! ful oft was said, alias alias ful oft was saide. 

Noght for him allan, 24601 no3t al for him allane. 

Bot alsa for mi sorful scurs bot al-squa for my sorouful shonris 

fat f ai sagh ledd wit sli langwrs f ai sagh me make wif suche langour 

All mened fam o mi mane. 24604 alle menid of mi mane. 

[IF] mi mane mare, q?/at mai i mene, IF of my mane quat mai I. mene. 

For to glid f us wit trei and tene, bot f us I. was in sorou & lene. 

Als taght me was fat tide, [coi. 2] lengande f er fat tide 

Qwen of er men war went o wai, quen of er men ware went a-way. 

Apon mi suns tumb i lai, a-pon mi childe toumbe I. lay. 

far bedd i for to bide. 24610 fer fo3t I. for to bide. 

IF Atte last left i allan, IF atte laste left I. f er allane. 

Kissand euer ilike fat stan kissande euer ilike fat stane 

fat mi leif lai vnder ; 24613 f er mi life lai vnder. 

fan com mi cosin sant iohan, fen come mi cosin lohn a^nan. 

fat fan o welth was al mi wan, fat fen of welf was al mi wane 

Mi soru fra me to sunder. 24616 mi sorou fra me to sundre. 

IT To me reuful he raght his hand, IF To me reuf ful he ra3t his hande 

On fete vncthes moglit i stand, on fote vnnef mu3t I stande. 

Sua lam in lime and lith ; 24619 ouer-co?7imen in lime & hj>. 

Vnto f e tun fan i me ledd, vn-to f e toun fen he me led. 

And of er wi??imen murnand medd, & of er wemmen mournande med. 

f ai went us f ider with. 24622 f ai went vs f idder wif. 

COTTON FAIRFAX 



WHEN ALL WENT AWAY, I LAY ON THE TOMB KISSING THE STONE, BUT 1409 
JOHN PITYING CAME TO TEAR MB AWAY, AND LEAD ME INTO THE TOWN. 



Jou Ju wald J)ai birid fi barn, 
Ful lath was j>e bis like to tbarn, 
]>at slake was of ])i site. 24592 

[S]uilk it was, 3111 suete discord. 

Discord of muth, of bert acord, 

Als freindes batb and fede ; 24595 

Quat did ^e )?an, sai leuedi mar ] " 

" Bot nicbodeme and iosepb bar 

To delue Jjat bodi dede. 24598 

Que7i bis licbam in stane was laid. 
Alias ! alias ! ful ofte was said^ 
Nogbt all for bim allane, 24601 

Bot alsua for mi reuful scburs 
Jat ]?ai sau ledd wid sli langurs 
All mened of mi mane. 24604 

[0]f mi mane mare, quat mai i mene, 
Fortugild J)us wid trai and tene, 
Als tagbt me was J)at tide, 24607 
Quen oJ)e?* mew war went away, 
Apon mi sun tumb J)an i lay, 
Jar bedd i for to bide. 24610 

[A]t ]>e last left i allane, 

Euer elike kisand pat stane 

Jat mi lijf lay vnder ; 24613 

})an com mi cosin saint ioban, 

Jat Jan of weltb. was al mi wan, 

Mi soru fra me to sundre. 24616 

[T]o me reuful be ragbt bis band. 
On fote vnetbes migbt be stand. 
Sua lame in lime and litb ; 24619 
vnto J)e tun Jan be me ledd, [coi. 2] 
And oper wimmew mwmand and medd, 
Jai went vs pider witb. 24622 

89 GOTTINGEN 



Jjbo pVL wald fai birid Ji bam 
His lif was te ful lafe to Jarn 
Jjat slak was of fi siht 

SuOk it was yor suet discord 
Discord of muj?e of bert acord 
Als frendjs bafe and fed 
Quat did ye Jan sai lefdi mar 
Bot nicodem and iosep bar 
To delue Jat bodi ded 

Quen bis likbam in stan was laid 
Alias alias fid oft was said 
Noht al for bim allan 
Bot alsua for my sorful scuris 
Jjat Jai sab led wit sli languris 
Al menid Jaim of mi man 

Of mi man mar quat mai I men 
For tuglid Jus wit trai and ten 
Als tabt me was Jat tide 
Quen ojir men war went awai 
Apon mi sonis tumb I lai 
]3ar bed I for to bide 

At Je last left ik allan 
Kissand euir elik Jat stan 
]3at mi lef lai vnder 
)5an com mi cosin saint Ioban 
Jjat Jan of welje was al mi wan 
Mi soru fra me to sunder 

To me reuful he rabt bis hand 
On fot vnnejis moht I stand 
Sa lam in lim als lije 
Vnto Je ton Jan be me led 
And ojer wimmen murnand med 
Jpai went vs Jider wit 

EDINBURGH 



1410 "many women wept and staid with MB TILL I SETTLED IN MY COUSIu'l 
HOUSE, THERE I LAY WAITING ; BUT WHEN MY SON ROSE I WAS TOO SICK TO STIR.' 



If Mani o ])aa fat wit mo mett 
For mi gretiiig ful sare fai grett, 
And sighed sare wit-all, 24625 

Era me ne wald fai na wight tuin, 
Til i com til mi cosin in, 
)>ar stabild ' ]7ai mi stall. v ms. suuij] 



IF far lai i in mi luue langing, 

Ai to mi sun dere vprising, 

fat faith i was in fest ; 24631 

lolin luued me if he moght mar 

fan his mode?' fat him bar, 

He yeild him fat mai best. 24634 

IF Sa seke i was and sar for soruu, 
Qiien mi sun ras f e thrid moruu. 
All til his thrugh fai thrang, 24637 
^foght i not f ider-ward a fote, 
Ne for to bede was me na bote, 
fat lett thoght me ful lang." 24640 

IF " Fullang leuedi thoght me fat lett. 
And f of it was mi bale al bett, 
For fan greu all mi gle ; 24643 

Wit of er wimmen fat him soght. 
Send bodeword til him f ou moght 

1 languis al for fe." 24646 

^ Of fil langur was fou light. 

Bird bhs, na sun sa bright, 

And al fin bales bett ; 24649 

f i suet sun sa hale o light 

Son f i comforth wit his sight, 

Q?/en yee war samen mett. 24652 

2 IF fou had him sifen till al fi wiU^ 
For al f i ioi wald he ful fill, pif iss, coi. i] 



Again sa Strang a stour ; 

COTTON 



24655 



IF mani a womman wif me mette. 
& for my weping* sare fai grette. 
& sighed sare wif alle. 
fra me walde fai no^t twin, 
til I. come to mi cosignis in. 
f er stabled fai mi stalls. 

IF f e?' lay I. in mi loue langing*. 
ay to mi sonis vprising*. 
fat faif was in me feste. 
lohn louid lue if he mu^t mare, 
fen his moder fat him bare 
cnst ^ilde him atte mai best. 

IF squa seke I was & sare for sorow. 
qiien my sone ras f e f rid morow. 
vn-iil his f rugh fai f range, 
mujt I. no3t ga f idder a-fote 
ne for to couette was me na bote . 
fat lette f U3t me ful lange. 

IF certis saide lohn now here L telle 
f i sone is risin wif-outen dwel. 
now growes al mi glee, 
wif ofer we7?imen fat him so3t. 
sonde bodeworde to f i sone fou mojt 
to come & speke wif f e. 

IF Lauedi of sorou fou mai be lijt 
birdc of blis na su?me sa bri^t. 
& alle fine balis bette. 
f i squete sone squa trew of hi^t 
he wil fe conforte with his si^t 
quen 30 to-gedder ar mette. 

IF he is fi sone meke atte wiUe 
& f i ioy he wil fulfille. 
a-gaine squa st?*ange a stoure. 

FAIRFAX 



JOHN SAYS, "now JOY IS COMB, YOU MAY SEND A MESSAGE TO YOUR DEAR." 1411 
BIRD OF BLISS, NOW YOUR SORROW IS LIGHTENED, HE WILL SOON COMFORT THEE. 



[M]ani of J)ai Jat wid me mett 

For mi greting sare J)ai grett, 

A ! sighed sare wid-all, 24625 

Fra me ne wald ])ai noght tuin, 

Til i come til mi cosin in, 

J7ar stablid ))ai mi stall. 24628 

[J)]ar lai i in mi luue langing. 

Ay to mi suns vprising, 

]?at faith in me was fest ; 24631 

lohn luued me if he might mar 

J)an his mofer fat him bar. 

He 3eilded him pat mai best. 24634 

[S]ua spke i was and sar for soruu, 

Quew mi sun ras f e thrid moru, 

All till his graue fai thrang, 24637 

Might i noght diderward a fete, 

"Ne forto bid me was na bote, 

fat lett thoght me ful lang." 24640 

" [F]ul lang, leuedi, thoght me J?at lett, 
And thoght it was mi bale all bett. 
For fan greu all mi gle ; 24643 

wid oper wtmmen fat him soght, 
Send bodword to f i leif f u noght 
In langurs all for f e." 24646 

[0]f all f is langur was f u light, 
f u bird of blis, na sun sua bright, 
And all fine balls bett ; 24649 

f i suete sun sua hale of hight 
Son he f e confprd wid his sight ; 
Quen 3e war samen mett. 24652 

[f ]u had him sif en till all f i will. 

For aU f i ioi wald he ful-fill. 

Again sua Strang a stour ; 24655 

GOTTINGEN 



Mani of fat wit me met 

For mi greting ful sar f ai gret 

And sihet sar wit alle 

Fra me wald f ai nawit twin 

Til I com mi cosinis Inne 

])ai stabeld f ai mi stalle 

]5ar lai I ia mi lof langing 
Ai to mi sonis vprising 
]3at faif e I was ifest 
Ion luued me if he miht mar 
Jjan his moder fat him bar 
He yeld him fat mai best 

Sa sek I was and sar forsoruin 
Quen mi son ras f e iij mornin 
AI til his f ruh f ai f rang 
Moht I noht f iderward afot 
Nq for bed was me na hot 
Jjat let f oht me ful lang 

Ful lang leuedi f oht me fat let 
And f oh fan was f i bal al bet 
For grew al f i gle 
Wit of ir wimen fat him soht 
Send bodwor[d] to f i leue f u moht 

In laginS ^ al for f e P read l languis] 

Of al f is langur was f u lift 
Bird of bliss na sune sa briht 
And al fin balls bet 
\)i suet sun sa halle of hiht 
Son he f e conf ort wit his siht 
Quen ye war samin met 

)5u hauid him sif in til al f i wille 
For al f i ioi wald he fulfil 
Ogain sa Strang a stur 

EDINBURGH 



1412 JOHN, THOU WAST BLESSED TO HAVE SUCH A MOTHER COMMITTED TO THKE, 
A RICH RELIC, NO TREASURE COULD BE LIKE UNTO GOD'S OWN BELOVED. 



far )?OTi him nu has al in blis, 
Leuedi us fiderward fou wiss, 
Wit saand o fi succur. 24658 

[Apostrophe to 

If lohn, ful seli was fou sene, 

|)at suilk a moder als i mene 

Was to J>i keping taght ; 24661 

To kep yovL tok J?at maiden clene, 

And sua was )?ou wit-vten wene, 

])at sua ])at leuedi laght. 24664 

IT far was J>e raght a riche relike, 

Mai tresur nan be )?ar-to like, , 

metal ne o stan ; 24667 

Bot godds aun druri dere, 

])at o pris mai ha na pere, 

I^a mai certes nan. 24670 

IT To faintese was fi faith na fere, 
For-J)i fou was his tresurrer. 
On traister nan to tru ; 24673 

Ful graithli was far grace f e grant, 
For-qui his moder was fi naunt, 
Sua worthi nan os fou. 24676 

IF far-til fe worthiest he madd, 

Wit mekenes and wit maiden-hed, 

For-fi es fam ful wele, 24679 

Man or womman, qwej?er it be, 

fat lines in wirginite, 

Qwat fanding fat fai fele. 24682 

IF He fat in maiden-hede es less, 

He ledis lijf lik til angels. 

For uirgins all ar f ai ; 24685 

Bot f is leueli ladi fat likes quon 

Fra fat it ans be fordon. 

It es for euer and ai. 24688 

COTTON 



now is he lorde in lastande blis 
lauedi f idderwardf vs wisse. 
wif sande of f i socoure. 

Saint John.'\ 

IF lohn flip] ceiy was fou sene. 
fat suche a moder as I. mene 
was to f i keping* tajt. 
to kepe fou toke fat maiden* clene 
& squa was fou wif-outen wene 
fat squa fat lauedi la^t. 

IF f er was f e ra^t a riche relike. 
mai tresour nane be f ar-to like 
of metaUe ne of stane. 
bot cmtis awen druri dere 
fat of pris mai haue na pere 
and ellis ceHan nane. 

IF to trauf had f i faif na fere 
for-f i fou was his tresurere. 
squa tristi nane to traw. 
ful graideli was fat grace giuen f e 
for quy his moder at fou sulde be 
squa worf i nane to shaw. 

IF f er-to for worf iest he f e dide 

wif mekenes & wif maydenhede 

for-f i is ham ful wele 

man or womman quef er hit be 

fat liuis in virginite 

quat fonding* atte f ai fele. 

IF he fat in maidin-hede is lele [leafK 

he ledis life like angel. 

for virginis alle ar f ai. 

bot lely kepis hit ful sone 

& hit anis be for-done. 

hit is for euer and ay. 

FAIRFAX 



NO ONE MORE TRUSTY THAN THOU, MEEK AND A MAIDEN, FOR HE WHO 1413 
LIVES IN MAIDENHOOD LIVES LIKE THE ANGELS, WHO ARE ALL VIRGINS. 



j>ar ])u him has nu all in hlis, 
Xicuedi ! dij?erward vs all wiss, 24657 
Wid fand of J>i socur. Amen, ^f }^» 

[Apostrophe to 

[I]ohan, ful seli was f u sene, 

fat suilk a moder als i mene 

was to fi kepiiing taght ; 24661 

To kepe J)U take fat maidew clene, 

And sua was f\i widutezi wene, 

fat sua fat leuedi laght. 24664 

[])]ar was fe raght a riche relike, 

Might tresur nan be f ar-to like, 

Of metel ne of stane ; 24667 

Bot cristes aun dreuri dere, 

fat of pris mai haue na pere, 

Nai, nai ! certis nane. 24670 

[T]o faintise was f i faith na fere, 
Forf i f u was his aun tresurrere, 
On traister one nan to trou ; 24673 
Ful graithli was fat grace f e grant, 
For-qui his jnoder was fin aunt. 
Sua worthi nane as fu. 24676 

[f ]ar.tm f e worthiest he made, 
wid mekenes and wid manhed, 
Forfi es faim ful wele, 24679 

Man ouf er womman, qiief er it bene, 
fat liues in virginite, 
Quat fanding fat fai fele. 24682 

[H]e fat in manhed es lele. 

He ledis lijf Kk til angele. 

For virgines all er fai ; 24685 

Bot f is Uuelade fat likes quon 

Fra fat it anes be fordone, 

It es for euer and ay. 24688 

GOTTINGEN 



]3ar f u him nu haids al in blis 

Leuedi f iderward vs wis 

Wit ^ fand of f i socur [' ms. wat] 

Sai7it John]. 

lohan ful leli was tu sen 

]3at swUk a moder als ik of men 

Was to f i keping taht 

To kep f u tok fat maidin clen 

And sua was tu witoutin wen 

Jjat sua fat leueli laht 

]3ar was te raht a riche relik 
Mai tresur nan be far to lik 
Of metal na of stan 
Bot cristis awin dreuri dere 
]5at of pris mai haf na per 
Nan nai certis nai 

To faintis was ti faif e ne fere 
For f i f u was his tresorer 
On traister nan to tru 
Ful graf eli was tat grace te grant 
For qui his moder was tin ant 
Sa worf i nan als tu 

Jjar til f e worthest he mad 
Wit mekne and wit maidinhad 
For f i es taim ful wel 
Man or wimman quef er it be 
]3at liuis in virginite 
Qua fanding fat tai fele 

He fat in maidenhed es lele 
He ledis life lik til angele 
For virginis al er fai 
Bot f is liuelad fat like quon 
Fra fat anis be fordon 
It es for euir and ai 

EDINBURGH 



1414 MEN OUGHT WELL TO KEEP THAT THING THET CANNOT RECOVER IF LOSIj 
THET MAY WITHDRAW FROM OTHER VICES AND BE WORTHY AGAIN, BUT NOT SO THIii. 



IT Wele aght man dere to kepe f e ildngy 
fat ans es tint has na couering, 
Sua do )?ai fat er wise ; 24691 

Jo J)ou haf ofev vertus slain, 
In fe fou mai fam couer again, 
Redi in fe to rise. 24694 

IF J?e man fat left his buxumnes, 
Mai turn and be suilk als he wes, 
At al his aun will ; 24697 

If J)ou was large and es not nu, 
f ou giue gladli and fan er fou, 
Sli faut mai man fill. [coi. 2] 24700 

^ If ani man in sli wijt be cast, 
He mai wit-drau him at fe last, 
And worth fat he was ar ; 24703 

Bot f ai fat maiden-hed has tint, 
Al for noght es if f ai mint, 
To couer it euennar. 24706 

IF f is wist f ou iohn fan ai ful wele, 
And held f i stat ai stabil as stele, 
fat wirscip did f e win ; 24709 

f i faith he sagh was noght to fail, 
Crist made f e cuth of his consail, 
And priuest of his kin. 24712 

IF Chamburlain o grett honure 

He made f e of his moder bure, 

SH bhs f e f ar bitide ; 24715 

f ou serued hir wit main and might. 

Was nener seruid dai na night, 

In bure sa blisful brid. 24718 

IF To fat blisful brid, iohan, 

f i leuedi, moder and maidan, 

fat fou sa cuth was till, 24721 

COTTON 



IT wele f^t men to kepe f e f ing*. 
fat anis is tint has na couering*. 
squa do f ai atte ar wise, 
for of er vcHues if fou lese. 
quen fou wille fou may chese. 
of suche foli to rise. 

IF f e man fat left has buxumnes. 
may turne & be suche as he wes 
alle atte his awen wille. 
if fou was large & is no^t now. 
fou gif gladli & fen art fou. 
suche fautis mai men fille. 

IF if man in ani vices be caste, 
he mai wif-dragh him at f e laste 
& be fat he was are. 
bot qua-sim maidin-hede has tint 
be na wai mai hit be stint, 
f ai couer hit neuer-mare. 

IF f is wistow Iohn ay ful wete 
& helde f i state stabil as stele, 
fat made f e worshepe winne. 
f i faif he sagh was no3t to faile 
crist made f e couf of his consaile 
& priuest of his kin. 

IF chaumberlaine of grete honour, 
he made f e of his moder boure. 
suche blis f e bi-tidde. 
fou seruid hir wif maine & mi3t. 
erli & late baf day & ni3t. 
ful mekeli fou hit kid. 

IF to fat blisful birde. Idhn 
fat lauedi moder & maidan. 
fat fou squa couf was tille. 

FAIRFAX 



«john was stable as steel; christ made him chamberlain of his 1115 
mother's bower; he served that blessed bird day and night. 



f W]ele agh men dere to kepe fat thing, 

J)at anes tiut, no couering, 

•Sua do J>ai J?at er wise ; 24691 

Joa jfii liaue o]>er vertu slain, 

In pe J)u mai faini couer again, 

Hedi in pe to rise. 24694 

Jh3 man pat left has buxumnes, [eoi. 2] 
Mai turn and be suilk als he was, 
All at his aun will ; 24697 

If pVL was large awd es noght nu, 
Giue gladli and fan ert fu, 
Suilk fautes mai men fill. 24700 

[I]f man in ani vices be cast, 

He mai wid-drau him fra pat last. 

And be fat he was are ; 24703 

Bot f ai fat maidenhed haue tint. 

All for noght es if f ai mint, 

To couer it euermare. 24706 

[f]is fan wist f u iohn ai wele, 
And held f i state ai stabil als stele, 
fat worschip did f e win ; 24709 

f i faith he sau was noght to fail, 
Crist made f e cuth of his consail, 
And priue-est of his kin. 24712 

[C]hamberlain of gret honur 

He made f e of his moder chanbur, 

SH bHth f e far bitid.; 24715 

f u seroid hir wid main and might, 

was neuer seruid dai ne night, 

In bonre sua blith-ful bridd. 24718 



\T\o fat blithful brid, iohan, 
f i leuedi, moder and maiden, 
fat f u sua cuth was till, 

gOttingen 



24721 



Wei acht man to kep f e f ing 
])at anis tint hauis na couering 
Sua do f ai fat er wis 
j3oh f u hauis of er vii-tu slain 
In f e f u mai f aim couir again 
Bedi in f e to ris 

J5e man fat left hauis buxumnes 
Mai turn and be slik als ho wes 
AI at his awen wille 
If fu was large and es noht nu 
Jju gif gladlik and fan er tu 
Sli faintis mai man felle 

If ani man in vice be cast 
He mai him draw fra fat last 
And be fat he was are 
Bot fai fat maidenhed hauis tint 
AI for noht es if fai mint 
To couer it euir mare 

pis wist tu Iohan ful wel 
And held f i stat stabil als stel 
}3at worsip did f e win 
})i faif e he sah was noht to fail 
Crist mad f e cuf e of his consail 
And priuest of al his kin 

Chamberlain of gret honure 
He mad f e of his moderis bure 
Sli blis f e far bitid 
J5u seruid hir wit main and miht 
"Was neuer seruid dai ne niht 
I bur sa blisf ul brid 

To fat bUsf ul brid Iohan 
j)a,t leuedi moder and maidan 
)5at tu sa cuf e was tille 

EDINBUKGU 



1416 JOHN PRAY OUR LADY TO BE OUR FRIEND TO HER SON FOR US.— 
GOOD MEN, I HOPE I DO NOT TALK TOO MUCH FOR YOU j WERE I TO SFSAK 



I fe biseke vr creand be, 

And SCO be till hir sun yeitt we 

Might wire her fair will. 24724 

IF In crist wirscip for to suinc, 
And euer apon his thraus thine, 
fat sua did yow to mum, 24727 

We prai fat liuedi be vr leind, 
fat we mai find hir sun for frend, 
To ture quen we sal turn. Amen. 24730 



I fe be-seke our errande be. 
to prai hir sone squa fat we. 
mujt wirke here at f aire wille 

IT In cristis worshepe for to squinkl 
& euer a-pon his passiouw fink*, 
fat made 30U squa to mourne. 
we prai fat lauedi be for-wende 
fat we mai finde hir sone our frende 
to toure quen we sal tume f Amen 



QLuomodo concepc/o bea^e marie 
inuenta faerit 
[T ]isten godmen, wit your leue, 
[ JLi] Wele lath me war yow for to gre ue, 
fat yow mi talking thoght to togh. 
For me thine neuer mar i-nogh, 24736 
fat i mai of hir louuiwg rede, 
fat bette us all vte of ur nede. 
All mi line vn-to min end, 24739 

In hir loueword f of i moght spend, 
Al fat i cuth or thine or sai, 
It war not half an bore dai, 24742 
And f is thar naman nick wit nai, 
Sua brad of hir blis es f e wai. 
f of mans wijt be newer sa strait, 
Sco mai well bring it vnto nait ; 24746 
^For fof in wijt war nener sa wild, 
Quen i ma mening fat mild, ^ajj^^^^* 
Quat blis sco bred again vr bale,^°^' ^■' 
fat i ne sal find wising to wale, 24750 
fat giues me lust of hir to rede. 
For he es spedd fat sco wil spedd. 
Tald es in f is bok be-forn 
Hu fat SCO was geten and born, 24754 

COTTON 



Of f e concepcioun of our lauedi. 
puplist bi an angel, on f e see. 

Listenes godemen wif ^oxar leue 
laf me were 30U to greue. 
fat 3e mi talkin fink togfi. 
for me fink neuer-mare I-nogfi. 
fat I. mai of hir louing< rede 
fat bette vs. al out of our nede. 
al mi life vn-to mine ende. 
in hir louing* & I. mu3t spende 
alle fat I. couf or fink or say. 
hit ware no3t half an houre of dai 
& f is thar na man nik* wif nay. 
squa brade of hir blis is f e way. 
if ina?znis witte be neuer sa straite 
ho mai hit wele brings in-to naite 
H ware mi witte neuer sa wilde. 
quen I. make mening* of fat milde. 
quat blis ho bred a-gaine our bale 
large mater f e?* is to wale, 
fat giuis me luste of hir to rede, 
for he is alle sped fat ho wil spede. 
talde is in f is boke be-forne. 
how fat ho was gitin & borne. 

FAIRFAX 



^k-OF HER LOVE ALL MY LIFE IT WERE BUT AS HALF AN HOUR; HOWEVER 1417 



I, 



KARROW OR WILD ONE S WIT MAY BE, I DESIRE TO SPEAK OF HER BLISS FOR US. 



• I pe biseke ur erand be, 
i And scbo be till liir sun fat we 
Mai wirke here ai fair will. 24724 

[IJn cristes worschip forte suinke, 
And euer apon his passiun thincke, 
fat sua did ^u to mum, 24727 

we prai fat [IJeuedi be vr leind, 
fat we mai find hir sun ur freind, 
To dede quen we sal turn. Amen. 

[7%e Story of Msey, and the 

Of f e concepciuw of vr leuedi 
I wiU yi tell wittirli P leaf les, bk, ooi. i] 
^[LJIstes gode men, wid 3ur leue 
Ful lath me war ^u forto greue, 24734 
fat yoL thoght mi talking togh, 
For me thine neuer mar enogh, 
fat i mai of hir louing rede, 
fat bett vs all vte for vr nede. 24738 
All mi lijf vnto mine ende, 
In hir worschip if i might spende, 
All fat i cuth thine or say, 24741 
It war naght half ane hure of a day, 
fat f is thar na man nick wid nai. 
Sua brad of hir blis es f e wai. 24744 
f ou mans witt be neuer sua strait, 
Scho mai wele bring it into nait ; 
For f ou mi witt war neuer sua wild, 
Qae7^ i make mewing of fat mild, 
Quat blis scho bred again vr bale, 
fat i ne sal find wissing to wale ; 
fat gifs me list of hir to rede, 24751 
For he es all spedd fat scho will spede. 
Tald es in f is boke bifom 
Hu fat scho was getin and bom, 

gOttingen 



I f e bisek vr erand be 

And SCO be til hir sun fat we 

Miht wirkin ai fair wille 

In cristis worsip for to suink 

And euir apon his f raues fink 

))at sua did you to mume 

Prai fat lefdi ben vr lend 

J?at we mai find hir son frend 

To tore quen we sal tume. Amen. 

Festival of the Concept ioii]. 



[Ljistnis mi god men wit your lef 

Wei laf e me war you for to gref 
):at you mi talking f oht to toh 
For me fink ne mar enoh 
]>qX I mai of hir louing red 
)5at bet vs al vt of vr ned 
AI mi lif vnto min end 
))oh I moht in hir louing spend 
Al fat I cuf e or fink or sai 
It war noht half an our of dai 
And f is tar na man nik wit nai 
Sa brad of hir b[l]is es f e wai 
\)o\i manis wit be neuir sa straite 
Sco mai wel bring it into nait 
For f oh mi wit war neuir sa wild 
Quen I ma mining of fat mild 
Quat blis sco bred ogain vr bale 
))at In sal find wissing of wale 
))at gifes me lust of hir to rede 
For he es alsped fat sco wil spede 
Tald es in f is bok biforn 
Hu fat scho was getin and born 

EDINBURGH 



HI 8 I HAVE SPOKEN BEFORE OF MABY's BIBTH^ I WILL NOW TELL YOU THBOBiflBi 
OF THE FEAST OF THE CONCEPTION. WILLIAM THE BASTABD CONQUBBED KNGLAn: 



Bot nu lauerdings if yeo me bidJ, 

Quat time and term )>at ])is bitidd 

])at SCO was goten, ])at bird o blis, 

I sal yow men wid-vten mis. 24758 

fe fost bir concepciun, 

J)er-of yee sal bere fe resun, 

Qui J)at bali kirc and bu, 

Bi yer far-of dos semis nu 24762 

J^at it did nogbt in aid dais ; 

Herkens bu f e stori sais. 

IF A king was bigbt willam basterd, 

fat warraid in jngland ful bard, 24766 

Sua stalwortb man be was of band, 

f&t wit bis forse be wan pe land. 

Selcutb keneU cutb be figbt, 24769 

And slogb f e king fat barald bigbt, 

fat born was o f e danis blod. 

For qui be bim wit-stod. 

fan bar willam fe senurre 24773 

Of ingland and of normundie. 

f e king o danemak o nan 

Herd fat king barald was slain, 24776 

wijt al-mast be wald vte wind. 

For Itiue of bim fat was bis frend. 

Scippes did be digbt bim far 

Intil jngland for to fare, ^^.^Jt^^Ss.i 
Apon fe nonnan3 for to figbt, 24781 
fat wan fe land^ wit-vtew rigbt ; 
For be suar be f e king of beuen. 
Of barald f e slagbter suld be beuen. 
To king willam bod word was brogbt 
O fis tifand be bim for-tbogbt, 24786 
He scuud bim sar fat werr suld ris, 
And warnist bim on mani wise ; 
He gadir sauders ber and far, 24789 
To strentb bis castels ewer ai quar, 

C OTTOX 



bot certis ... is if 30 me bidde. 
quat time <& terme at bit be-tid. 
fat bo was gitin fat birde of blis. 
I. salle 30U telle wif-outin mis. 
f e feste of bir concepcioun. 
f er-of 3e salle bere f e resonn. 
qui fat bali kirk & bow. 
be 3ere of bir dos seruise now. 
& squa did nojt be aide dais. 
berkenis bow f e stori sais. 

Aking^ fat bijt william bastudft 
fat werred a-gaine Ingeland baids 
squa stalworf man be was of bande 
fat wif bis force be wanne fe lande 
selcouf keneli couf be &ft 
be slogb f e king< fat baralde bi3i 
fat borne was of f e danas blode 
for qui f e lande be bim wif-stode 
fen bare william f e seigniorie 
of Ingelonde & of normandie. 
IT f e king< of Danemark* a-nan. 
berde fat baralde king* was slain, 
of witte al-maste walde be wende 
for loue of bim fat was bis frende 
shippis did be dijt bim ^are. pfiaa^*] 
in-til Ingelonde for to fare. 
a-pon f e normaunces for to ^t. 
fat wanne f e lande wif-outen r^t 
for be square bi tbe king* of beiuen. 
liaralde 8la3ter sulde be beiuen. 
IF to king* william bodeworde was brqt 
of fis tif ande fat bim for-f ojt. 
he re wed bim sare fat were sulde liae 
<fe caried warnestoure on mani wise 
he geddered sondours bere & fare 
to strenght his castels euer ay-qnare 

FAIRFAX 



EW KING HABOLD. THE KING OF DENMARK, NEARLT MAD FOR LOSS OF 1419 
ilEND, PREPARED SHIPS TO FIGHT WILLIAM, TO WHOM TIDINGS WERE BROUGHT. 



u lauerdinges, if je me bid, 
time and terme ])at it bitid 
bo was getin, fat bird of blis, 
ju mone widuten miss. 24758 
t of bir concepciun, 
30 sal bere fe resun, 
at bali kirke and bu 
•e farof dos semis nu 24762 

did nogbt in aid dais ; 
)nis bu ]>e stori sais. 
ing fat bigbt wiUiaw bastard, 
erraid ingland ful bard, 24766 
balwortb maw be was of bawd, 
id bis fors be wan fe land, 
slcutb keneli cutb be figbt, 
Dgb fe king fat barald bight, 
>rn was of f e danes blod, [ooi. 2] 
cd f e land be bim wid-stode. 
Etr wiliam fe seygnuri 24773 
^land and of normu?2di. 
ig of danmark on-ane 
fat king barald was slane, 
tt al-mast wald be weind, 24777 
lue of barald bis freind. 
pis did be digbt bim 3are 
. ingland fan for to fare, 24780 
f e normandes forto figbt, 
an f e land widutew rigbt ; 
3 suar bi f e king of beuen, 24783 
irald slagbter suld be beuen. 
ttg wiliam bod word was brogbt 
; tif and fat bim fortbogbt, 
•ed bim sare fat were suld rise, 
vamist bim on mani wise ; 24788 
drid souders bere and fare, 
entb bis castelis eueray quar, 

GOTTINGEN 



Bot mi lauerdinges if ye bid 
Quat tim and term fat it bitid 
)5at SCO was getin fat bird of blis 
I sal mon wit outin mis 
j)e fest of bir concepcioun 
)5ar of ye sal ber f e resun 
Qui fat bali kirke and bu 
Bi yer f arof dos semis nu 
])at it did nobt in aid dais 
Herkens bu f e stori rais 
A king was bibt Wiliam bastard 
J;at werraid ingeland ful bard 
Sa stalword man be was of band 
))at wit bis force be wan f e land 
Selcuf e kcnli cuf e be fibt 
He slob f e king fat Harald bibt 
J)at born was of f e danis blod 
For qui f e land be bim wit stod 
J)an bar Wiliam f e Sengnurie 
Of ingeland and normundie 
j)e king of Danemarcbe onan 
Herd fat Harald king was slan 
Of witte almast vt wald be wend 
For luf bim fat was bis frend 
Scbippis did be dibt bim yar 
In til ingeland to far 
Apon f e Norman^ for to fibt 
J3at wan f e land witoutin ribt 
For be suar bi f e king of beuin 
J3at Harald slabtir suld be beuin 
To King Wiliam bodword was brobt 
Of f is tif ing fat bim forf obt 
He scbmid sar fa wer suld ris 
And warnist bim on ma[n]i wis 
He gaderit sauders ber and tar 
To streiif e bis castels be and tar 

EDINBURGH 



1420 William's council advised him to S£Ek peace with Denmark; elsii 
the abbot of ramsey, was chosen envoy. he took a ship laden with gui! 



Als he fat conquerur was gode, 24791 

And for to warrai vnder stode. 

His consail badd him for to faand, [coi. 2] 

fe king of danemerk wit seand, 24794 

For to spek a-bute sum pais, 

Bituix him and fe danais. 

IT ])is ilk time fat [i] of sai 

Was an abbot in ramessai, 24798 

Jje nam of him men cald elsis, 

A hend man he was and wise ; 

A gret resun wel seen he cuth, 

Wit-vten ani mer in muth. 24802 

fis abbot fis erand ber. 

Was chosin to be messager 

Vnto danemerc for to fare, 

A lerd man mikel lare. 24806 

Wit triffor son his scipp was tift 

presaundes mani and riche gift, 

siluer and gold giftes to bede. 

Mar fan mister es to rede ; 24810 

f e sing pes alsua to bring 

Bituix willam and fat of er king, 

And f aa scippes for to spir, 

Quen fai aghteld for to stir. 24814 

Elsis to scipping son him did. 

His bir bleu als he-self wald bidd, 

He past f e see fat was sa bradd, 

His presand to f e king he mad. 24818 

His presand welcum was and he, 

Als bringand wont was to be ; 

Til erls and baruns fat rike, 

fan gaf he serekin giftes rike ; 24822 

f aa fat he had na giftes til, 

Wit hightes fair he wan fair will. 

Sa wele in speche fan cuth he spell. 

fat al fat ost he did to duell. 24826 

COTTON 



als he fat conquerour was gode 
for of f e were he vnderstode. 
IF his counsail bad him for to fande. 
til his enemis to sende a sande. 
for to entrete of f e pais, 
be-twix him & fa danais. 
IF f is ilk time fat I. of say. 
was an Abbot in ramesay. 
f e name of him was calde elise. 
an hende man he was & wise, 
a grete resoun wele shews he couf 
wif -outin ani merre in mouf. 
f is abbot errande for to here, 
he was chosin messagere. 
vn-to danemark* for to fare 
as a man of mikil lare 
vn-til ship sone was he shift 
of presande mani a riche gift, 
of siluir & golde giftis to bede 
mare fen is mister for to rede. 
f e signe of pes alsqua to bring*, 
bi-twix William & f e tof er king*. 
& of f aire shippis for to spire, 
quen fai at lite for to stire. 
IF f e abbot to ship he him did. 
f e winde blew as he walde bid 
he passed fat see fat was ful brade 
his presande to f e king* he made 
his presande welcome was & he 
als bringande ay is wonte to be. 
to erlis & barou?2s of fat cuntree. 
he gaf ham giftis faire to se. 
fa fat he had na giftis tille. 
wif hotis faire he ouer-toke faire wil 
sa wele in speche fen couf he speL 
fat alle fat oste he did to dwelle. 

FAIRFAX 



LGN OF PEACE. THE WIND BLEW AT HIS BIDDING; HE PASSED THE SEA, 1421 
SO WELCOME WITH HIS GIFTS AND FAIR SPEECHES, THAT THE HOST WAS STAID. 



he fat coDquerurwas gode, ^4791 
for to werrai vnderstode. 
consail bad him for to fand, 
ing of danemark widstand, 24794 
to speke of sumkin pais, 
ix him and faa da[iia]is. 
Ike time pat i of say, 
ane abbot of ramesay, 24798 

ame of him was cald elsis, 
3ind man and a wis ; 
*ete resun wele schau he cuth, 
vten ani maring in muth. 24802 
.bbot of f is erand here, 
chosin to be messa[g]ere, 
► dane-mark to fare, 
maw was lerid of mekil lare. 24806 
2 it was his schipping tift 
presand and mani right gift, 
siluer and of gold giftes to bede, 
fan mister es to rede ; pifi64,coi.i] 
igne of pes alsua to bring 24811 
L william and fat of e?' king, 
. of f aa schippis forto spir, 
n fai wer boune for to stir. 24814 
3is to schipping him did, 
bur bleu als he-self wald bid, 
passed f e se fat was brade, 
presand to f e king he made. 24818 
;um was his presand and he, 
bringand hand es wont to be ; 
erlis and barims of fat rike, 
gaue he sere giftes eke ; 24822 
fat he had na giftes till, 
hightes faire he went fair will, 
wele in speche cuth he spell, 
ill fat ost he did to duell. 24826 

GOTTINGEN 



Als he fat conquevui was god 
And for to werrai vndaVstod 
His consail bad him for to fand 
j)e king of Dawmark wit sand 
For to spek about sum pais 
Bituixiw him and fa Danais 
J3is ilke tim fat ike of sai 
Was an abbot in ramisay 
J3e nam of him men cald elis 
Selcuf eli hend he was a.nd wis 
And wel a g7'et resun schaw he cuf o 
Wit outi?i ani mer in muf e 
j)is abbot of f is erawd ber 
Was cosiii to f e messager 
vnto danmark to fare 
Als man was led wit mikel lar 
Wit tresori his schip was diht 
Of presand mani riche gift 
Of aihiir and gold to giftes bede 
Mar f aw es mister for to rede 
j)e singe of pes alsua to br/ng 
Tuix willam and fat of er king 
And of fa scippis for to spir 
Quew fat tai ahtil for to stir 
Helis to scippiwg he him did 
j)e bir it blew als he wald bid 
He past fat se fat was wel brad 
His presand to f e king he mad 
His presand was welcum and he 
Als bringawd wont es for to be 
Til erlis and baruws of fat rik 
J3an gaf he serkiw giftis rik 
j)a fat he hauid na giftes til 
Wit speche he hauid al fair wil 
Sa wel in speche fan cuf e he spel 
J5at al fat ost he did to duel 

EDINBURGH 



1422 £L£EY RETURNED WITH PRESENTS, SET HOME WITH A FAIR WIND; 11 
OUT TO SEA THE WEATHER BEGAN TO RAGE, SKY DARKENED, AND SEA QSIWhI 



H Qiien all his nedis wele war duD, 

])ai diglitid liim his scipping son, 

])air sail ])ai sett np o }>air scipp. 

Sir elsis and his felauscip ; 24830 

His giftes gaf he noght in vain, 

Bot fair presandes ])ai sent again. 

Forth ])ai floted on J^at flod, 

For al to will fair hir j)am stode. 

At ])o last moght fai noght se, 24835 

Bot heuen ahoue ])ain and ])e see : 

fe weder als in somer smeth, 

Son higan to rug and reth, 24838 

pat ilk wau til ofer weft, [leaf i8», coi. i] 

And bremli to po barges heft. 

fe lift it hlakend al to night, 

On ilk side fam slaked sight, 24842 

fo se for reuthnes wex al rede. 

To reuth was turnd al fair rede. 

fo wind ras gains fam vnride, 

fe see fam sailed on ilk side. 24846 

far bleu on f aim mani brem blast, 

fair mast it raf and cordes brast, 

Strangli strait fan war f ai stadd, 

f e mariners war se[l]cuth radd, 24850 

Sua rad war f ai neuer ar, 

For f ai war neuer in parel mar. 

Ful wansum war f ai fan o rede. 

For drerili fai dred fe dod. 24854 

C^ueii fai had striuen ai qiiils fai moght. 

Again fat storm al was for noght, 

fai lete it wandir vp and dun, 

fair scip ai redi for to drun ; 24858 

fai wandred waful on fat flod, 

Crijd and wep as fai war wod, 

f aa sori loked ai sua for-suonken, 

Qiicu f e scip suld quelm and drwiken. 

COTTON 



IF quen alle his nedis wele war d« 
fai di3t him to shipping* sone. 
iclie man to wende to ship. 
fat was of f e abbottis felawship. 
his giftis gaf he no3t in yaine. 
for faire presandis he had againe. 
IT forf fai flette a-pon fat floda 
& atte faire wille f e winde stode 
& atte f e last fai mu3t nojt se 
bot heiuen a-bouin and f e see. 
f e weder soft in somertide. 
sone be-gan to rugg* & ride. 

[ 

no gap in the M& 

f e welkenis blakkenid al to nijt 
on ilk side ham slakid si^t. 
f e see be-gan to wax rede. 
ful lite of ham fen fojt on brede 
f e winde againe ham rade vn-ride 
& ham assailed on ilka side, 
fen blew mani an vgli blast. 
f e mast hit shoke f e cablis brast 
strangeli harde ware fai stad. 
& al faire mariners were a-drad 
IT squa dred ne ware fai neuer an 
for fai ware neuer in perel mare 
wif -outin witte fai ware of rede 
for drereli fai dred f e dede. r, 
IF quen fai had striuen ay quilis 
againe fat storme al was for nojt 
fai lete hit wander to flete or droi 
& toke faire gode maste dou». 
fai wandred waful on fat flode 
to cry & wepe as fai ware wode 
& euer-mare fai lokid doun. 
quen fat gode ship sulde droun. 

FAIRFAX 



riND ROSE, THE MASTS AND CORDAGE BROKE. THE SAILORS WERE AF- 1423 
TED ; THEY STROVE IN VAIN j WOEFUL AND WEEPINO, THBY LET THE SHIP DRIVE. 



all J^ir nedis wele war done, 
ghtid him his schipping sone, 
t vp Jje mast of fair schip, 
sis and his felauschip ; 24830 
iftes gaf he noght iw vain^ 
lir presantes war sent egain. 

]>ai sailed on J)at flode, 
LI to will )>e wind faiin stode. 

last might bai noght se, 24835 
euen a-bouen and f e see ; 
dir als in somer smeth, 
bigan it ruth and reth, 24838 
i wau til o]per weft, 
bremli to fat barge beft. 
i it blakind al to night, 
ke side ])aim slaked sight, 24842 
! for rethnes wex al rede, 
le was turned al fair nede. 
tid ras gain f aim ful vnride, 
m sailed on ilk side. 24846 

bleu mani vnrekind blast, [coi. 2] 
Last raf and cordis brast, 
^li straite fan war f ai stadd, 
rinelis war selcuth radd, 24850 
id ne war f ai neuer are, 
li war neuer in perel mare, 
ansum wix f ai f aw of rede, 
perili fai drede fair dede. 24854 
f ai had striuen quilis fai might, 

fat storm al was for noght, 
e it wander vp and dune, 
jhipp, ay redi for to droune ; 
mdrid waful on fat flode, 24859 
md wepe als fai war wode, 
kid f aa sari sua forsuonkin, 

fair schip suld quelm a[njd 
GOTTiNGEN [drowki^i. 



Quen his nedis war al done 
j)ai diht him his schipping sone 
j)air sail fai set vp of fair schippe 
Sir Helis and his felauschippe 
His giftes gaf he noht in vaine 
Bot fair presendis sent og^ine 
Forf e fai flotin on fat flod 
For al to wil fair bir f aim stod 
j)a.i at f e last moht fai noht se 
Bot heuin abute f aim and f e se 
))e wedir als in somer smef e 
Son bigan be rug And ref e 
J5at ilke waw til of ir it weft 
And bremli to fa bargis beft [leafis] 
pe lift it blakind al to niht 
On ilka sid fan slakid fair siht 
pe se for ref nes wex al red 
To rewf e was twmid al fair red 
pe wind ras gainis taim vnride 
pe se f aim sailid on ilka side 
paim blew on mani bremli blf^st 
Quen mast it raf And cordis brast 
Strangli straite fan war fai stad 
pe marineres war selcuf e rad 
Sua rad ne war fai neuir ar 
For fain war neuir in perlir ar 
Ful wantsum war fai fan of red 
Bot drerili fai dred fair ded 
Quen fai hauid stnui?^ ai qui! fai moht 
Again fat storm al was for noht 
J3ai let it wander vp and dun 
))air schip ai redi for to drun 
J)ai wander waful on fat flod 
Cried ond wep als tai war wod 
J3ai sari lokid ai sua forswonkin 
Quen schip suld qwilum be or sunkin 

EDINBURGH 



1424 THE SAILORS CRT ON JESUS AND MARY NOT TO LET THEM DROWN. OUR lil 
SENT HELP TO THEM. AN ANOEL IN BRIOHT OLOTHINO ALIT NEAB THE 8H1P, 



On ihe^u crist ])ai cri and call, 24863 
And on maria pat helpes all, 
" Leuedi," f ai said, " fat es sa mild, 
Prai for us to )>i suet child, 24866 
All mon we druu, sa wailawai ! 
Leuedi ! nu help for well fou mai." 
fai wrang fair hend smd wep ful sar. 
As men war carked al wit care, 24870 
Apon fair brestes fast fai heft, 
Al in god self ]7ai ])am hileft. 

[ 

no gap in the MS.^ 

IT Bot SCO ])at euer es hot o hale 24875 
Til all fat hope in Mr has hale, 
Hir succur son to ham sco sent, 
fat in sli mur[n]ing on hir ment. 
Dun hi fat scip an angel light, 24879 
In selcuth clething scene o sight, 
f is angel to f aa quakand kidd, 
And f us to f aim his erand did. 24882 
** Elsis," he said, " lift vp f i chere, 
Cum ner spek wit f is messagere." . 
All f aa fat in fat ferr cost fard 24885 
War medd qiten f ai him sagh and herd ; 
f is angel f us he tald his tale, [coi 2] 
" Elsis," he said, " if f ou will hale 
Cum fis scip to land fere ; 24889 
f ou sal nu hete and won me her, 
fat f ou sal con als i f e sai 
Til al f e kirkes fat f ou mai. 24892 
Quen f ou cums in-til england 
For to do f am at vnderstajid, 
For to halu fis ilk fest dai 24895 

Wit al f e wirscip fat f ai mai ; 
In hali kirc ri?mand hi yer, 
Als geten was ur lauedi dere, 24898 

COTTON 



IF on ih^^u c^ist fen con f ai calle 
Ss on marie fat helpis alia. 
Lauedi f ai saide meke & milde. 
pray for vs vn-to f i ctiilde. 
alle mone we droun waleway. 
helpe vs lauedi for wele f ou inaL 
f ai wrange f aire hende & fat saie 
& weppid as men carkid wif caie 
to ihe^u crist f ai lift fairs hande 
f aire sinful praier to vuderstande 
& tn his moder milde mary. 
of ham in perel to haae mercy, 
hot ho fat euer is bote of bale 
til al fat hope in hir has hale 
hir socour sone to ham ho sent. Derfi 
fat in suche mourning on hir ment 
doun hi f e ship an angel li3t 
in selcouf clef ing* sbene of si3t. 
fis angel to fa wacande kid. 
& f us til ham his errande did. 
elsis abbot lift vp fi chere. 
come nerre speke wif fis message 
al fa fat in fat ship ferde. 
ware mad quen f ai f e angel herds 
IF f e angel f us he talde his tale 
elise f ou sal baf sounde & hale 
come of fis ship to lande & fere 
f ou salle hete & vow me here. 
fat f ou salle do as I. f e say. 
to alle f e kirkis atte f ou maL 
quen f ou comis in-to Ingelande 
for til do ham atte vnderstande. 
for to halgh fis ilk day. 
wif alle f e worsliepe at f ai maL 
in hali kirk rinnande hi 3ere. 
als gitin was fat lauedi dere 

FAIRFAX 



OALLBD ELSBY TO SPEAK WITH HIM, ALL HEASD ; " ELSEY, TO GET HOME, 1425 
riOU MUST VOW TO MAKE THE CHURCHES IN ENGLAND HALLOW THIS DAY YEARLY." 



t On ieen cnst ]>ai cri and call, 24863 
-■ And on man, ]7at helpis all, 
~ Jai said, *^ leuedi, fat es sua mild, 
■ Prai for vs vnto pi child, 24866 

J All mbn we droune, sua walaway ! 
Help nu leuedi, for wele fu may." 
fai wrang J^air hend and wep ful sare, 
AIb men karkid all wid care, 24870 
Apon pair brestes fast pai beft. 
All in god pai paim bileft. 

[ 

no gap in the MS,^ 

[B]ot scho pat es oft bote in bale. 
Till all pa\, hope in hir has hale, 
Socur sone to ])aim scho sent, 24877 
]>at in sli p^rel on hir ment. 
Dun bi ])at schipp an angel light, 
In selcuth clething schene of sight, 
]iis angel to pa wakand kid, 24881 
And ])us to J)aim his erand did. 
** £lsis," he said, " lift vp fi chere, 
Com nere and speke wid )>is messager." 
All ])aa ])at in pai schip ferd 24885 
war mad quen ])ai him sau and herd ; 
f is angel f ns he tald his tale, bSfJJ,^.^*j 
« Elsis," he said, " if pu wiU hale 
Cum of fis schip to land a[n]d fere ; 
Non sal pxx. hight and vou me here, 
])at ])n sal do als i pQ say 24891 

Till all pQ kirkes ])at pu may. 
Quen pxji comes into ingland 
Forto do faim at vnderstand, 24894 
Forto halu J^is ilke dai 
wid all fe worschip fat fai may ; 
In hall kirke nnand bi jere, 
Als getin was vr leuedi dere, 24898 
00 gOttingen 



On ihe^u cnst fai en and cal 
And on mari fat helpis al 
Leuedi fai sai fat es sa mild 
Prai for vs to f i suet child 
Al mow we druen sa wailewai 
Leuedi nu help for wel f u mai 
]>ai wrawg fair hend and wep ful sar 
Als men war carkid al wit car 
Apon fair brestes fast f ai beft 
And al in God f aim self bileft 

[ 

. . . . no gap in the M8.^ 
Bot SCO fat Qner es bot of bal 
Til al fat hop in hir hauis hal 
Hir socur son to f aim sco sent 
\>at in silk murmng on her ment 
Dun bi fat schip an angel liht 
In selcuf e clef ing schen of siht 
];is angel to fa qz^akand kid 
And f us to f ai^n his era^id did 
Helis he said lift vp f i cher 
Cu/n spec ner wit f is messager 
Al fa fat in fat farcost ferd 
Ware med qz^n f ai him sau and herd 
j^e angel f us he tald his talle 
Helis he said if [f ou] wil halle 
Cum of f is schip to land and fer 
' )5u sal nu hiht and vow me her 
j^at tu sal don als I f e sai 
Til aUe f e kirkes fat tu mai 
Quen f u comis intil ingeland 
For to do faim at vndij'stand 
For to haluin f is ilke dai 
Wit al f e worsip fat f ai mai 
In hali kirk ringand bi yer 
Als getin was vr leuedi der 

EDINBURGH 



1426 "SBB THAT THB DAT OF THE CONCEPTION BE NOT FORGOTTEN. THIS TOf 
WILL BE FOB TOUR GOOD.'* "HOW SHALL I AND MY MONKS KNOW THB DAY?" . 



Forgeten bituix man and womman 

Was SCO Jjat neuer wem had nan : 

Geten was sco to be born 24901 

For to leth all fat war forlonu 

]7is es ])e dai ]7at sco was geten, 

Lok neuermar it be forgeten ; 24904 

Qua halus it witvten fail, 

Bath lijf and saul it sal Jam wail. 

Do won elsis and hald fi vou, 

It sal fe turn to mikel pru." 24908 

IT To fat angel fan spak elsi, 

" Sai me signe," he said, " quar-bi 

I and all mi munkes mai 24911 

And all cristen men knau fat daL" 

IT " To knau fat dai it es ful eth, 

f e aghtand dai o fat moneth 

fat man clepes o f e yeir 

Decembre in fe kalunder, 24916 

fat es to dai fat ic of men 

Quen geten was fat leudi scene." 

IT " Sai me," said elsis, " quakinwise 

Of hir we sal mak f is seruis, 24920 

Sin far es propre nan i knau." 

*' Gladli sir 1 i sal yow scan, 

IT f e seruis of hir berth f ou tak, 

f ar-of ye sal f e seruis mak ; 24924 

Of a word f ar-in es redd 

To sett a nofer word in sted. 

At quar yee sai natiuite, 

f isw ord concepciun sal be, 24928 

For to change far es namar 

Of al f e seruis fat es far." 

Bot nu es said on ofer wise 24931 

Fn^pre o f is fest hali seruise. 

Til ilk man fat will it sai, '^^'^Vou'i?*'^' 
Eedi haf it hali fat daL 24934 

COTTON 



getin be-twix man & womman. 
was ho fat wemme had neuer nan. 
getin ho was to be borne, 
for to lause fat were for-lome. 
f is is f e dai fat ho was getin 
loke neuer-mare hit be for-3etiii. 
qua halghis hit wif-outin faile 
baf life & saule hit sal ham vaiL 
do vow elis. & halde f i vow. 
hit salle f e turne to mikil prow 
IF To fat angel fen spac elsi. 
sai me sum signe he saide quar-bL- 
hit & alle mi monkis maL 
& al cristen men knaw fat day. 
to knaw he saide hit is ful et& 
f e viij. dai of fat moneth 
fat men callis in f e jere. 
descembre in f e kalendere. 
fat is f e dai fat I. of mene 
quen getin was fat lauedi shene 
IT say me saide elis on quat wise 
of hir fat we sal make seruise 
sin per is propre nane fat I. knaw 
gladli sir I. sal 30U hit shaw. 
f e seruise of hir birf ^e take 
f er-of 3e salle f e seruise make 
of a worde f er-in is rede 
to sette a-nof 5r worde in sted. 
ay quare 3e neyuen f e natiuite 
f is worde concepciouw sal hit be. 
for to chaunge per is na mare 
of alle f e seruise atte is fare. ;: 
IT bot now men vsis on of er-wise 
per is mare of hir seruise. 
fat qua wil mai hit saL 
propre on hir fest-day. 

FAIRFAX 



" IT IS THE 18TH OF DECEMBER." " WHAT SERVICE SHALL WE USE?" "TAKE 14:^7 
THE SBBYIGE OF HER BIRTH, AND PUT THE WORD * CONCEPTION ' FOR * NATIVITY.' " 

For getin bituix man a7id womman For getin bituix maw &nd wommmi 

was scho J)at wem had neuer nan : Was see fat wem h'auid neui?' na» 

Geten was echo all to be born, 24901 Getin was sco to be born 

Forto sauue all fat war lorn. For to lefe al far war forlorn 

])is es f 6 day als scho was getin, Jpis es f e dai fat sco was getin 

Loke it neaer mar be forgetin ; 24904 Lok neuir mar it be forgetin 

Qua fat halus it widuten faile, Qua halus it wit outen fail 

Bath lijf and saule it sal f aim vaile. Baf e lif SLiid sawel it sal taim wail 

Do vou elsis, and hald f i vou, Do vou elis And hald fi vow 

It sal fe turn to mekil prou," 24908 It sal te tu)*n til mikel pra 

To fat angel spac elsi, To fat angel fan spak HeUie 

And said, '' sai me sum signe quarbi Sai me signe he said quavhie 

I and all mi monkes mai, 24911 Ik 3Lnd al mi monkes mai 

And all cristen men, knau fat day." And al C7*i8tin men halu fat dai 

** To knau,*' he said, " it es ful eth, To knau he said it war ful ef e 

f e aghtand day of fat moneth j^e ahtand dai of a monef e 

fat men clepis in fe 3ere }?at mai clepis in f e yer 

Decembir in fe calundere, 24916 December in fe calender 

fat es f e dai fat i of mene ))&t es f e dai fat ik of men 

Als getin was fat leuedi schene." Quen getin was fat leuedi schen ; 

" Say me," said elsis, '* quatkin wise Sai me said Helis qwat kin wis 

Of hir sal we make vr seruise, 24920 Of hir fat we sal mak saniis 

Sif en nan es f roper, fat i knau." Sin far es proper nan I knaw 

" Gladli sir ! i sal f e schau, Gladli sir I sal you schaw cifi6,bk,coi.i3 

f e seruis of hir birth f u take, Jpe semis of hir birf e f u tak 

far-of fu sal fe seruis make; 24924 Jpar of fu sal fi saruis mak 

For a word fat f ar-in es redd [coi. 2] Of a word fat far in es red 

f u sett an-of er word in sted, To sette anof er word in sted 

All quar je say natiuite, Ai qwar ye sai natiuite 

f is word concepciun sal be, 24928 )5is word conceptioun sai ye 

For to change far es namar For change far es nan mar 

Of all f e seruis fat es far." Of al f e semis fat es tar 

Bot nu it es on of er wise 24931 [ 

far es made of proper seruise, 

fat qua sua will nu may say, 

Proper of fat concepcion day. 24934 .... no gap in the MS,] 

OdTTINOBN EDINBURGH 



1428 BLSBT JOYFULLY VOWED TO FULFIL THIS ORDER; THE ANGEL WENT, IM 
WEATHER CLEARED UP, THEY DIGHT THEIR TAOKLE, AND ALL CAME TO BNGLANa 



IF fis bodword blit was elsi, 24935 

And thanked crist and me leuedi, 

Gladli he hight and wit god will 

]>at comandement al for to filL 24938 

(^uen pe abbot had ])at you al mad, 

Vte of fair sight fis angel glad ; 

Als suitb na lang^ can ]7ai duell, 

])e lem can light fe storm it fell, 24942 

Ful fair bicome fat see to sight, 

And f ai bigan fair takel dight, 

fair wind to will god fare fai fand, 

Til fai com in til jngland; 24946 

Wit al fair famet and fair fere 

f ai com til land bath hale and fere. 

IF Elsis bigan f is comandment 

Son for to seen his couent, 24950 

Al f e chance fat him bitide, 

Al cowmunli he it vn-did. 

To wirscip hir concepciun 

fat of vr plight us gat parduw ; 94954 

f is fest fra fan folk forth held, 

f ar-of ilkan til of er teld. 

f is ilk abbot at ramesai 

A settnes sett in his abbai, 24958 

f ar-in f is ai all for to stand, 

To-quils fat abbai bes lastand. 

And sua men dos in stedes fele 

Sua aght al do fat his hir lele. 24962 

f e stori fat wit for to sai, 

Euer quen we will hald f is dai, 

Mai naman serue her in lede, 

fat SCO ne yeldes f am far mede. 

Sco dos us her to serue hir sua, 24967 

fat we be wit hir euer and .A. Amen. 

[ 



no gap in the MS.] 

COTTON 



IF Of f is bodeworde blif was elsL 
& f ankid god & our lauedi. 
gladli he hi3t & wif gode wille. 
f is comandement to fulfille. 
IF quen f is abbot his vow had made 
out of fat ship fat angel glade, 
als squif e na langer can f ai dwel 
f e leme can li3t f e storme hit fel 
ful faire be-come fat see in 8i3t. 
& f ai be-gan faire tacle di^t. 
faire winde at wil faire fai fande 
til fai come in-to Ingelande j-i Ms.dBs.w 
wif al fat compani sa dere ^^^ 
fai come to lande baf hale & fere. 
IF elsis ^ be-gan fis comaundement 
for to shew til his couent. 
alle fis chaunce fat him be-tid. 
alle communeli he hit vn-did. 
to worshepe hir concepciou?*. 
fat of our syn vs gatte pardoun. 
fis feste fra fan f e folk con halde 
f er of ilkan tille of er talde. 
IF fis ilk* abbot of ramesay. 
a settnes sette in his abbay, 
f er-in is euer for to stande 
to-quilis fat abbay is lastande. 
& squa men dos in stedis fele. 
squa agh alle do. fat is hir lele. 
f e storie f er-wif for to say. 
euer quen we wille halde fis day. 
mai na man serue hir in lede. 
at ho ne 3ildis ham faire mede 
f e quilk* seruise I rede we neyuen 
fat we come to f e ioy of heyuen 
f orou f e praier of fat milde 
fat ho be-siche hir line childe 

FAIRFAX 



Z SHOWED THE COMMAND LAID ON HIM TO HIS CONVENT ; THE PEAST HAS 1429 
HELD SINCE THAT TIME j ELSEY MADE IT A RULE IN THE ABBEY OF RAMSAY. 



J?is bod word blith was elsi, 24935 
thankid exist and vt leuedi, 
li he hight and wid god wiU 
omandment al to fulfill. 24938 

Jje abbot his vou had made, 
f pair sight fis angel glade ; 
Lth no langer gun )>ai duell, 
DGie gun light, f e storm it fell, 
iair bicom fat see to sight, 24943 
Jjai bigan pa.ii takil dight, 
v^ind to will gode and fair f ai fawd, 
bai com in-till ingland ; 24946 
■dl fair fardel and fair fere 
om till land al hale and fere. 

bigan pia comandment 

forto schau till his couent, 24950 
LS chance fat him bitid, 
)munli he it vndid, 
^orschip hir concepcion 
f plight vs gat pardun ; 24954 
ist fra fan f e folk forth held, 
f ilkan till of er teld. 
ke abbot in ramesai 
btnes sett in his abbay, 24958 
a f is euer forto stand, 
iiilis fat abbai es lastand, 
sua men dos in stedis fele 24961 
Eigh all do fat es to hir lele. 
ori f ar-wid forto say, Peaf les, coi. ij 
n quaw we will hald f is day, 
na man serue hire inlede, 24965 
oho ne 3eildes f aim far mede. 

do ys here at serue hir sua, 
re be wid hir euer and a. Amen. 

, . . no gap in the MS.] 

GOTTINGEN 



Of f is borword blife was Helli 

And f ankid cnst and vr leuedi 

Gladlik he hiht and wit God wille 

j)a,t comandment al for to iille 

Quen f e abbot hauid his vow mad 

Out of fair siht f e angel glad 

Als suif e na langer duell 

Jpe lem gan liht f e storm it fel 

Ful fair it com fat se to siht 

And f ai bigan fair takil diht 

)5air wil to wind fair f ai fand 

Til f ai com intil ingeland 

Wit al fair famet send fair f er 

])ai com to land baf e hale a,nd fer 

Helis bigan f is tjomandmewt 

Son for to schaw til his couent 

Al f is chance fat him bitid 

Al comuwlik he it vndid 

To worsip hir conception 

)5at of vr pliht vs gat pardon 

Jpis fest ira fan f e folk forf e held 

J)ar of ilk an til oper teld 

))ia ilk abbot at ramsai 

A setnes set in his abbai 

)5ar in f is semis for to stand 

Ai quHia fat abbai be lastand 

And sua man dos in stedis fel 

Sa ah al do fat es hir lei 

pia stori far wit for to sai 

EuiV quen wil hald f is dai 

Mai na man seruin him in lede 

Jjat SCO ne fan yeldis f aim f aur med 

Sco don vs her to serue hir sua 

)5at we be wit hir emV said a. Amen. 

[ 

no gap in the MS.] 

EDINBURGH 



H30 



THE APOSTLES CREED. 



L 

no gap in the MSJ] 

I tru in godd fader almighti, 
mad bath heuen and erth and in 
\he8U. crist liis anlepi sun, vr lauerd, fat 
was conceiud o fe hali gast, bom 

fe virgine marie, tholed vnder ponce 
pilate, don on fe rode, ded and doluen, 
lightid in till hell, ])e thrid dai ras fra ded 
to line, sti til heuen, sittes on his right 
hand godd fader alwel[d]and, ])e]7in 
sal he cum for to deme quik and ded. 

1 tru in Jje hali gast, in hali kirc, [coi. 2] 
in felauscip o halus, for-gifnes o 
sinnes, vprising o flexs, and lijf wit- 
vten end soth it es. Amen. 

IF Godd luue has his cleping, 
For qui fat he luues al thing 24988 
fat he-self wroght ydi his main ; 
And al god thing luues him again. 
He es tald alsua sight sa wide, 
fat fra his sight mai naman hide ; 
He has alsua his nam dute, 24993 
For all dredes him his vnderlute. 
All behouis him standes au 
His hand-ware, bath high and lau. 
IF " Fader " es he for all he fedes, 
Or for all thinges of him bredis, 
Mighti es he cald for-f i, 24999 

fat in his will es al-mighti. 
For all thinges fat he wU, 
He has f e might it to fulfill, 25002 
Ne es nathing fat he wil do 
fat he ne fe might it Las f ar-to. 
IF Thoru fis word fat wroght fou sal 
Tru fat he es maker of al, 25006 

COTTON 



haue marci on vs now & ay. pifwr,*] 
& namely atte our ending* day. 
^T traw in god fader alle-mijti. oredo 
JL maker of heiuen and erf. and in 
ihe^u crist his anly sone oirr lorde fst 
was conceyoed of fe hali gaste. Borne 
of f e virgine marie, pined vnder ponee 
pilate. done on f e rode f Dede & doUin 
li3t in-to helle. f e f rid day ras fi*a def 
to life, stey til heiuen : sitis on his rijt 
hande god fader al weldande f feif in 
sal he come, for to deme qnik* & dedef 
I traw in f e haligaste in hali kiric*. in 
felawshepe of halghis. for-gifnes of 
synnis. vprising* of flesshe & life wif- 
outen ende sob hit is amen. >•' 

Pis ilk* lorde & cumli king* 
certis he louis al maner fing*. 
fat he wrojt wif his maine. 
& alle gode f ing« louis him »- 
his mi3t is baf sa brade & wide [g*"^ 
fat fra his si3t mai na fing* hide, 
he has alsqua his name of doute 
for al dredis him fat is vnder-loute 
alle be-houis of him stande awe. 
his handewerk* baf heye & lawe. 
IT fader he is for alle he fedis. 
or for al fing* of him bredis. 
mi^ti is he calde for-f i. 
fat in his wille is al-mi3ti. 
for al f e fing* fat he wil. 
he has f e mi3t atte hit fulfille 
ne is na fing* fat he wille do. 
fat he ne has mi3t redi to. 
IT f orou fis worde traw f on salle 
fat he is lorde maker of alle. 

FAIRFAX 



K)D LOYES ALL, ALL GOOD THINGS LOVE HIM ; HE SEES ALL, ALL OUGHT TO PEAR 1431 
ilM ; HE IS FATHER, FOR HE FEEDS ALL j HIS WILL IS MIGHTY OVER EVERYTHING. 

[An Expodtion of the Creed]. [Not in tJie Edinburffh ^fS, \ 

Trou in godd fadir all-mighti, 
t^at made bath, heuen and erd, and in 
iesxi crist his anelepi sun, vr aller 
fadir, conseiued of J)e hali gast, born 
of pQ uirgine maii, Tholed vnder ponce 
pilate, done on J)e rode, dede and doluen, 
lighted in-till hell, pe thrid day ras fra 
iede to lijf, stei till heuen, sittes on his 
right hand goddfadirallweildand, Jefin 
sal he cum forto deme bath quic and 
iede. ItruinJ)ehaligast,inhalikirke, 
in felauschip of halus, forgiuenes of 
jinnes, vprising of fles, and lijf wid- 
iten end, amen. 

^G]od of luue has his cleping, 24987 
For qui pat he luues of alkin thing. 
|)at he-self wroght wid his main ; 
Ml gode thing luues him egain. 
Ee es of sight alsua sua wide, 24991 
7at fra his sight mai nathing hide ; 
He has alsua his nam of dute. 
For all dredis him his vnderlute. 
yi bihouis of him stand au 24995 
Eiis handwerke all, bath hei and lau. 
* [F] Ader " es he, for all lie fedis, 
Dr for all thing of him bredis, 24998 
Vlighti es he cald for-Ji, 
mi in hia will he es all-mighti. 
For alkin thinges pat he will, 
Ee has pe might it to fulfil, 25002 
S"e es na thing pat he wil do 
mt he ne has Je might has J?ar-to. [coi. 23 
rhoru his word pat wroght fus all, 
Choru J>at he es maker of all, 25006 
G6TTINGEN 



1432 "heaven" means spiritual things; "earth" sensible things, "jbto* 
means saviour ; " christ " anointed ; he is called " son " fob blessedkebb) 



Bath Bene thing and ynsene 25007 
Maker he es of al hedene. ["stand 

IF "Wit J»is word " heuen " fou vnder- 
Al gastli thing and vnseand ; 25010 
IF Wit ]?is word " erth," be-hald fou fe 
Al thing pon mai or her or se. 
IF ^is nam iesus in hebni lai 
Es " lauerd " and " sauuer " for to sai, 
And fill wel es he cleped sua, 25015 
])at has us saued yr sinnes fra. 
IF pia word " crist " at vnderstand, 
Es smerled, hot noght wit mans haTzd, 
Koght wit ])at oile men sais in place 
Bot wit fe haligast grace. 25020 

iF " Sun " es he cald o selines, 
Eor he es his fader ioi and blis. 
And "anlepe " qui es he cald and knaun 
Bot for he es anfald his fader aun ) 
And he es his aun sun wit kind, 
And ojer all wit his merci mind. 
Thoru fe haligast allan 25027 

Laght he flexs o fat maidan, 
And sua he did, for wel he moght 
fat al ])is werld has mad o noght. 
IT " Pilate '' was o gret officis, Pjjf \*^ 
For ouer luus he was iustis. 25032 
His moder hight pila, his fader atus. 
And far of was he cald pilatus ; 
And ponce he was cald efer an yle 
fat he was fostird in sum quile, 25036 
And he hitakens feind of hell 
For bok him clepis muth o mell. 
Pined he was, fa fat his pine 
Suld be al for ur medecine, 25040 
" On rode," forqui his rightwis rede 
"Wald thol him dei nanoif er dede. 

COTTON 



baf atte we see & vnsene. 

maker he is of alle bedene. 

wif f is worde heiuen f on ynderstsndB 

al gasteli f ing* & vnseand. 

wif f is worde erf. herkin f ou me, 

alle f ing* f ou mai auf ar liere or se. 

IT f is name iheaus. in ebru laj. 

is lorde & sauiour for to say. 

& wele wif skile he is calde squa. 

fat has YS sauid our synnis &a. 

f is worde criste atte vnderstande. 

is noynting*f bot no^t wif mannis hande 

nojt wif fat oyle at kirk men hase 

bot wif f e hali gastis grace. 

If Sone. is he calde of selines 

for he is his fader ioy & blis 

& qui an is he calde & knawen. 

bot for he is an-falde his fader aweii 

& he is his awen sone wi]> kinde 

& of er alle wif his merci mynde. 

f orou f e haligast allane. 

toke he flesshe of fat maidane 

squa he did for wele he mojt 

for al fis werlde he^ made of no^t 

IT pilate was of grete office p or<^. wai] 

for ouer f e iewes he was lustise 

[ • 

no gap in the MS.] 

& ponce, he was calde for an He 
fat he was fostered in sum-quile. 
& he be-takenis feinde of helle. 
cursed he is wif boke & belle, 
he pined ihesus wif his pine. 
& ^et hit was for our medicine. 
& f us he gaf his dome & rede 
fat on rode he sulde be dede. 

FAIRFAX 



*'ONLY," FOR HB IS HIS PATHBR's ONE SON. PILATE'S MOTHER WAS 1433 

pila; his father atus; he betokens the devil. 

^ath of sene thing and ynsene 25007 
Maker lie es of all bidene. 
urid f is word "heuen" and vnderstand, 
All gastli thing and ynseand ; 25010 
wid f is word " erd," bihald pu pe 
Al thing pu mai here^ fele, or se. 
J^is nam ^'iesus " in ebru lay 25013 
Es " lau^d " and "sauueur" for to say, 
And wele wid skil es he cald sua, 
pat has Ys sauued yr sinnes fra. 25016 
pis word " crist " at vnd<?rstand, 
l^s smerld, bot noght wid mans hand, 
I^oght wid fat oil men seis in place 
Bot wid pe hali-gastes grace. 25020 
" Sun " es he cald of selines. 

For he es his fadir ioy and blis. 

" Anelepi " qui es he cald and knaun 

Bot for he es o fald his fad^r aun) 

And es his aun sun wid kind, 25025 

And ouerall wid his merci mind. 

Thoru pe hali gast allane 

Toke he fless of ]»at maidane, 25028 

And sua he did, for wele he moght 

pat al ]yis werld made of noght. 

" Pilate " was of grete office. 

For ouer iuus he was iustice. 25032 

[ 

no gap in the MS,^ 

And " ponce " was he cald of on yle 
pat he was fostrid in aum quile, 25036 
And he bitakins feind of hell 
For boke him clepis muth of mell* 
Pined he was, sua pst his ])ine 
Suld be for yr medecine, 25040 

" On rode," for-qui his rightwis redo 
wald thole him die nano]yer dede. 

OdTTINOEN 



1434 THE CROSS SIGNIFIES MUCH ; LYING FLAT, OHBIST HAS BOUGHT THE QUlBntj 
OF THE WORLD ; STANDING ON END, IT BETOKENS PEACE BETWEEN EARTH AND HSAYfll 



For cros it beres o mani thing, 25043 
cristen men J>e priueleging, 
For if )>ou plate it lais on grund, 
Four halues o fis werld rond 25046 
Bitakens crist has boght J>ar-wit, 
J)at al wit trouth mai cum to grith. 
And quen it es sett on end vp euen, 
It takens pes tuix erth and heuew. 
Ded he was fat thoru his dede, 25051 
To lastand lijf he suld us lede, 
And for ano]7er skil, ))at we 
Gastli wit him ded suld be, 
Of adam sin to de be-dene, 25055 
And rise wit baptem to be clene. 
fe prai Jat he of hell vte-toke 
His choslinges war, sa sais fe bok, 
fas ofer fat his lagh forsok, 25059 
He kest f am in fat feindes croke, 
For-fi ras he f e thridai, 
(Als f ou has forwit herd me sai) 
fat he suld with his vprising 25063 
In right trouth us fra baret bring. 
IT Til heuen he stei to mak us gat. 
At apon us before heuen yate, 25066 
fat first was sperd al for fat sin, 
fat adam formast broght vs in ; 
Sittes apon his fader right hand, 
fat es fus-gat at vnderstand, 25070 
fat he es bath euening and pere 
In wirscip til his fader dere. 
f e quick f e godmen er and chosen, 
f e ded f e wick fat ar for-losen. 25074 
IF In " haligast " we agh als sua 
To tru, als in f e of er tua, 
He es cald hali for alkin thing [coi. 2] 
Takes o him f e haluing, 25078 

COTTON 



for cros hit beris of mani f ing* 
of cristin mannis priueleging*. 
for if f ou plat hit lais on gronndA 
iiij. haluis of f is werlde roimde. 
bi-takenis crist has bojt ysLT-iriy, 
fat alle wif trauf mai come to giif 
& quen hit sette on ende is eynen. 
hit takenis pes twix erp & heinen. 
dede he was fat f orou his dede 
to lastande life he sulde vs lede 
& for a-nof er skil fat we 
gladli wif him dede sulde be. 
of adam siime to deye be-dene. 
& rise wif baptim to be clene. 
IT f e pray fat he of hel outrtoke 
was of his awen squa sais fe boke 
f er of er fat his lagfi for-soke 
he 'laf t ham in f e fendis croke. 
for-fi ras he f e frid day. 
als be-fore je herde me say. 
fat he sulde wif his vprisinge 
in ri3t trauf fra baret vs bringe 
til heiuen he stey at make our gate 
to opin vs f e heiuen 3ate. 
fat first was spered for our synne 
f e quilk adam bro3t vs in. 
sitis apon his fader ri3t hande. near ifl!) 
fat is f usgatis atte vnderstande 
fat he is baf euening* & pere. 
In worshepe tille his fader deie. 
f e quik* for gode men ar chosin. 
& f e dede ar for-losin. 
In f e haligast we agh alsqna. 
to trow als in f er of er twa. 
he is calde hali for al f ing*. 
takis of him f aire halghing*. 

FAIRFAX 



F SAVED ms chosen; the bad abb lbft in the devil's clutches. 1435 

HE boss to open THE OATES OF HEAVEN TO US. 

•oice it beris of mani thing, 

sten mans priueleging, ^®*^oJi*i]****» 

' J)u plate it lais on grand, 

balnes of pis werld rand 25046 

Bins crist has boght f ar-wid, 

. wid trouth mai cam to grith. 

inen it sett es on end vp euen, 

.kins pes tuix erd and heuen. 

he was pat thoru his dede, 

stand lijf he suld vs lede, 25052 

Ebr a no]»er skil, J>at we 

L wid him dede snld be, 

dam sin to del bidene, 25055 

rise wid baptim to be clene. 

%j pat he of hell vte-toke 

hoslinges was, sua sais pe boke, 

per ^at his lau for-soke, 25059 

(ft J>aim in pe feindes croke, 

i ras he ]>e thrid dai, 

JO bane forwid herd me say) 

e suld wid his vprising 25063 

;bt trouth vs fra baret bring. 

euen he stei to make vr gate, 

opin til vs heuin jate, 25066 

rst was sperd for pat sin ; 

lam first had broght vs in ; 

3 apon his fader right hand, 

3 ])us-gat at vnderstand, 25070 

e es bath euening and pere 

orschip til his fadir dere. 

lilk and gode men er chosen, 

de pe quick fat er for-losen. 

hali-gast " we au alsua 25075 

u, als in fir oper tua, 

3 cald hali for alkin thing 

( of him fair haluing, 25078 1 

GdTTINGEN 



1436 THE HOLT GHOST HALLOWS ALL THINGS. HOLT 0HX7B0H IB A OATHUDI 
OF OHBISTIAN PEOPLE. WE MUST HAVE FAITH IN IT TO GAIN FABDOH. 



Gast for he mai gastli blau 25079 

His grace ou^ al, ])ar he wil scau. 

IT " Hali kirc " es, als we rede, 

A gadering cald o cristen lede, 25082 

])an es pia pont for to sai, — 

We fat liues in cristen lai, 

In al ])at trouth we heild and bu, 

|yat hali kirc es wont to tru 25086 

To haf wit santes communing ; 

fia es a pointe of vr truing. 

We hope namli to haf pardun 

Thoru baptem and contriciun, 25090 

And j^ar es alsua o])er thinges 

fai sinful man to pardun bringes, 

Als almus, fast, and o]»er ma, 

Bot nan sa riueli als })ir tua. 25094 

IF We agh tru als ))at all sal rise 

And cum be-for f e gret iustise, 

far to tak vr rightwis me[de] 

Efter Jat we ha wroght in lede, 25098 

And be broght efter domes-dai 

Vnto J)at lijf J>at lastes ai ; 

In Jiskin trouth agh f ou be tift, 

J)at wil her cum to rightwis serif. 

Pater nosier 

IT Fader vrs fat es in heuen, 25103 

Halud be fi nam to neuen, 

J)OU do us haf J)i riche rike 

fi will in erth be wroght iUke, 25106 

Als it es wroght in heuen ai, 

Vr ilk dai bred gif us to dai. 

Forgiue fou til us dettes vrs, 

Als we forgiue til vr detours, 25110 

And lede f ou us in na fanding, 

Bot scild us fra iuel thing. Amen. 

COTTON 



gast for he mai gasteli blaw. 
his grace ouaral j^at he i¥il shawo. 
hali kirk is al were rede 
a geddering* of alle cristen lede. 
])an is j^is point for to say. 
we )>at liuen in cristin lai. 
In alle ])at trau]> we ag& at bow 
fskt hali kirke is wonte at trow, 
to haue wi]) santis communing*, 
^is is a point of our trowing*, 
we hope nameli to haue pardotm. 
j^orou baptim & contiicioun. 
& fer is alsqua o\er ]>ingis. 
j^at sinful man to pardonn bringis 
als almous fast & oj^er ma. 
bot nane squa riueli as fer twa. 
we agh to traw j^at al sal rise 
& come be-fore ]>at heye Iustise 
fer to take our ri^t-wis mede 
ofter ]»at we haue wrojt in lede 
& be bro3t ofter domisday. 
vn-to J>e life fat lastis ay. 
in fis ilk* trauf fi hert fou lift 
fou fat wille come to rijtwis shiift 

pate noaiet 

Fader ours fat is in heiuen 
blessed be^ f i name to neynei 
f ou do vs haue fi riche rike |?ii&4 
f i wille in erf be wrojt ilike. 
als hit is wro^t in heiuen ay. 
our ilk day brede gif vs to-day* 
for-gif f ou til vs dettis ours, 
als we for-giue til our dettours 
& lede vs in na fonding* 
bot kepe vs fra euel f ing* Ameiu 

.FAIRFAX 



JQHT TO BEUEVB IN THE RESUBRECTION, AND IN LIFE EYERLASTINQ. 1437 



THE LORD S PRATER. 



for he mai gastli blau 25079 
til his grace, quar he wil schau. 
i kirke " es, als we rede, 
ring cald of cristen lede, [coi. 2] 

J)is point al forto say, — 25083 
t liues in cristen lay, 
fat trouth we heild a[n]d hu, 
kli kirc es wont at nu 25086 
ue wid santes comuning ; 

a point of vr truyng. 

•pe namli ^ to haue pardun ^^j 

L baptime and contriciun, 25090 

7ar es alsua o]7er thinges 

of ul man to pardun hringes, 

Lmns, fast, and of er ma, 

an sua riueli als ])ir tua. 25094 

L tru als fat all sal rise 

cum bifor fat grete iustice, 

} take vr rightwis mede 25097 

pat we haue wroght in lede, 
be broght efber domes-day 
pat lijf J?at lastes ay ; 
skin truth au fu be tift, 25101 
tt will cum to rightwis schrift. 

LorcTs Prayer, ^ its Exposition,] 

dir vr pat es in heuen, 

Salud be fi nam to neuen, 

» YS haue fi riche rike 

U in erd be wroght elik, 25106 

b es wroght in heuen lay, 

: day brede giue vs to-day. 

f J)u til vs dettes vrs, 

re forgiue till vr detturs, 25110 

ledde vs in na fanding, 

child vs fra iuel thing. Amew. 

GOTTINGEN 



Pater noster qui es in celis . . ^ 
Oure fader fat es high in heuyn, 
halowid be f i name to neuyn, 
f i kingrike fou send vs sone, 
fi will in erth be euerdone P ^^^JJ,?'^]*"** 
als it es in heuyn done ay, 
oure ilk day brede gif vs fis day. 
And lord f orgifF f ou dettes ours, 
Als we fo[r]giflf till oure detoures. 
And lede vs fader in no fanding, 
Bot schild vs euer fro euil thing. 

COTTON GALBA 



1438 THB LORD^B PRATER HAS NO BQUALj ITS SBVEN PETITIONS TASl DM 
OF ALL OUR WANTS, BOTH OF BODY AND OF SOUL. I WILL EZFLAIH If. 



IF Crist him-self wroglit fis praier, 

For-J)i es it witvten pere, 

For fai es na praier ])at es 

Sua gainand o po mikelnes, 25116 

For p&T es bones seuen wit-in, 

f&t mas of all vr nedes min, 

Bath, to liuelad ])at es her 

And fat vr saul has of mister, 25120 

And fat es in fir wordes quon 

Bot birfin gret f ai ber vndon. 

And sal i f ar-for, als i mai, ^®* ^1^1?*** 

Vnto fe quat fai er to sai. 25124 

IT " Fader," f is word qt^n we sai, 

[far-wid] ^ vnderstand we mai ^^^JedT 

[fat fadir] es be vte ouer us all, 

[And we als] suns apon him call ; 

[Witt fu] farfor fat ilk orisun, 25129 

[And four] thinges haf wit right resun, 

[Fulli luue] fat es to ber 

Til him fat we ma to praier, 25132 

And siker hope vr bon to win. 

And stedfast trouth to stand ai in, 

f e ferth to knau es buxuwnes 

fat nagod of us seluen es. 25136 

[ 

no gap in the MS.] 

Thoru f is word " fader " for to scau 
Fulli luue es in to knau, 25140 

For ilkin thing o quatkin strind, 
f e fader it agh to luue bi kind. 
Bot far him clepis " fader " fele 
fat er noght til him suns lele, 25144 
fat noif er his suns er wit dede, 
Ne wit na liuelad fat f ai lede, 
Ne godd f am for na suns knaus, 
fat to f e feind fair dedis draus. 25148 

COTTON 



Crist him-self wrojt f is prayer 
for-f i is hit wif -outen pen 
for per is na praier fat is 
squa noble of f e mikilnes. 
for per is bowes vij. wif -in. < 

fat makis of alle our nedis mjn. 
baf to liuelade atte is here. 
& per our saule has maste misteie. 
& fat is in per wordes fone 
fat birf in grete f ai here vndone 
& I. salle f er-fore as I. may. 
yn-do f e quat f ai ar to say 
fader f is worde quen we say. 
f er-wif onderstande we mai 
fat fader is he a-bouen vs alle. 
& we als sonis arpon him calle. 
IT wite f ou far-fore ilk orisoufk 
ag& iiij. f ingis haue wif r^t lesoai. 
fulli loue fat is to bere. 
til him fat we make to praiere. 
& sicure hope our bone to win. 
& stedefast trauf to be ay in. 
f e firf to knaw wif buxumnes. 
fat na gode of our-seluin is. 

[ 

no gap in the MS.] 

IT f orou f is worde fader for to shair. 

ftdli loue is in to knaw. 

for alkin f ing* of quatkin strinde. 

f e fader hit agh to loue wif kinds 

bot per him callis fader fele. 

fat ar no^t to him sonis lele. 

fat nauf er is sonis ar wif dede. 

ne wif na liueladale (sic) atte fai lede. 

ne for nane sone god bam knawes. 

fat to f e feinde fair didis drawee 

FAIRFAX 



WE hjly '^our father" we oall on god as sons, and should 1439 

WITH love, hope, truth, AND OBEDIENCE ; NOT AS HANT WICKED MEN DO. 



t lum-seK wroglit fis praier, 
es it widuten pere, 
ir es na praier fat es 
a,inand of ])e mekilnes, 25116 
ir es bones seuen wid-in, 
stkis of all vr nedis min, 
bo liuelade pB.t es here 25119 
»at vr saule has of mistere, JJJ*^?' 
tat es in f ir wordes quone 
irthin grete >ai here vndone. 
al i ]>arof, als i mai, 
^u quat paij er to say. 25124 
Ldir," )>is word quen we say, 
d vnderstand we may 
iir he es vte oner us all, 
ve als suns apon him call ; 25128 
»u f ar-for ilk orisun, 
'our thinges haf wid resun, 
luue ])at es to here 
im pat we make to praier, 25132 
lekir hope vr bone to wine, 
itedfast trouth to stand ai in, 
rd to knau wid buxumnes 
I gode of vs seluen es. 25136 

. . . no gap i?i the MS.] 
I piB word " fadir " forto scheu 
luues in to knaue, 25140 

kin thing of alkin strind, 
er it au to luue wid kind, 
ar him callis " fadir " fele 

noght suns til him lele, 25144 
yvLper his suns er wid dede, 
id na liuelad ]>at ]>ai lede. 
Kid ]>aim for na suns knaus, 

pe feind pair dedis draus. 25148 

GOTTINGEN 

[} These first ten lines precede 



Crist himself made >is prayere,i 

^ "Wharf ore it es without en pere, 

j^are es no prayer ]>at ordand es 

So medeful of pe mikilnes, P ^^l^^^* 

Seuin askinges er ]}arin to rede 

})at makes vs mene on all cure nede, 

both vnto lifing here a space, 

and whare cure sawl more mister base, 

And fat es in fir wordes fone/ 

fat er in ingliss f us vndone.^ 

'Now sail I say halely bidene 

"What fir wordes er forto mene. 

" Oure fader," f usgat when we say, "^^ 

By f is word vnderstand we may 

fat god es fader ouer vs all. 

And we als suns opon him caU ; 

f arfore suld ilka prayer here 

Haue foure thinges folowand in fere ; 

Ane es hertly luf to haue, 

To him of wham we sail oght craue. 

And sekir hope cure bone to wyn. 

And stedfast trowth to stand euer in, 

And forto knaw with bowsumnes 

fat no gude dede of cure self es, 

Bot cure gude dedis by night and day 

Cumes of god, and his er faL 

" Oure fader," f is word when we schaw 

Ful luf f arin may we knaw, 

For what f e sun has mister in minde, 

f e fader it aw to grante by kinde. 

Bot far calles him fader ful fele 

fat er noght to him suns lele, 

fat nowf er er his suns in-dede, 

ne in no liiing at f ai lede. 

Ood for his sons no man here knawes 

fat to fe fende faire dedis drawes ; 

COTTON QALBA 
line 25103 in the Galba MS.] 



1440 WE OUGHT TO AOT SO THAT CHBI8T MAT KNOW U8 FOR HIS OWN. TBI 
*^ OUB" hakes us sure THAT OUB BOON WILL BB QBANTEO IF IT IS GOOD FOB HI 



For wicked man, pat godd forsakes, 
And to ])e warlau were liim takes, 
He mai noght godds 8[un be] ^ kend 
Bitoixandhe his [state-ajmend. 25152 
fan behouis us [wid re]sun ^,^SJdO* 
fat wil baf herd vr [orisujn, 
))at we to suilkin dede us drau 
])at crist us for his aun knau, 25156 
And fan we mai wit rightwisnea 
Call him fader for sua he es. 
IF Wit J)i3 word " vrs " vnderstand 
Al sikernes of vr erand, 25160 

For if fat he f us vrs be, 
Halden sikerlik es he 
Vs to here in vr mister. 
In alkin rightwisnes praier ; 25164 
Bot far es resun qui vr bon 
Es noght granted us quilum sun. 
Of er for vr praier es vn-lele 
And askes gains vr saul hele ; — 
Als was fe praier o sant paule, 25169 
For it gains hele was of his saul j 
He praied f e faanding of his fa [ool 2] 
Thris it suld be tan him fra, 25172 
Sin naman might til heue/i win 
Bot he ne had fanding o sin, 
fat thoru ouer cuwiing o fat faand 
He mai f e mede haf ai last[and] ; 
For[fi] was said him til an[suer] 
" I-nogh es f e mi grace to ber," 
Bot fat es man-bed mast o mede, 
Be funden treu in ilk nede ; — 25180 
Or ai vm-quil vr bon es right, 
Bot vnherd thoru vr aun plight, 
fat thoru vr liuelade wick we sper 
Fra us fe rightwis demester. 25184 

COTTON 



for wikked man fat god for-saidL 
& to f e warlagh were him takiB. ! 
he mai nojt god sone be kende. 
be-twix & he his state amende, 
fan be-houis vs wif resoun. 
fat wele has herde our orisoufk 
fat we to suche dedis vs draw. 
fat crist vs for his awen vs knaw. 
& fan we mai wif ii3t-wisnes 
calls him fader for squa he is. 
IT wif f is worde ours we vndeiBtaiuk 
al diuersenes of our erande. 
& if fat he vs ours be 
haldin diuerseli is he. 
ours to here in our mistere. 
in alkin ri3t-wisnes praiere 
IT bot f er is resoun quy our bone. 
is nojt graunte vs sum time sone 
aufer-qui our praier is nojtlele. OjjJS 
& askis a-gaine our saule hele. 
als was f e praier of saint paule 
for hit gains hele was of his saule 
he praied f e fonding* of his fa. 
fries hit sulde be tane him fra. 
sin na man mu3t til heiuen win. 
bot he ne had fonding^ of sum sin. 
fat f orou ouercoming* of fat fande 
he mai f e mede haue ay lastande. 
for-f i was saide him til ansquere. 
I.-nogh hit is mi grace to bere. 
bot 3et is manhede mast of mede 
be fondin trew a-gaine f o nede. 
IT Or ay vmquile our bone is riji 
bot vnherd e f orou our awen plijt 
fat f orou our liuelade wif we spew 
f e ri3twise demester here. 

FAIRFAX 



LIKE Paul's prayer, that temptation should be taken prom him, 1441 

i through temptation we are made perfect ; NOR MUST WE ASK IN SIN. 



svicked man, ])at god forsakis, 
to pQ warlou werk him takis, 
aai noght goddes sun be kend 
Lx and he his state amend. 25152 
Dihouis vs wid resun 
nl haue herd vr orisun, 
ire to suilk dede vs draue 
rist vs for his aun knau, 25156 
pan we mai wid rightwisnes 
lim vr fader, for sua he es. 
|>iB word " vrs " we vnderstand 
lekirnes of vr erand, [ooi, 2] 

If Jat he J>us vrs be, 25161 

.en sekirli es he 
• here in vr mister, 
kin rightwis praier ; 25164 

par es resun qui vr bone 
oght granted vs qutlum sone, 
ir for vr praier es vnlele 25167 
askid gain vr saule hele ; — 
^as pe praier of saint paul, 
it was gain hele of his sa[u]le ; 
)raid pe fanding of his fa 25171 
3 it suld be tan him fra, 
a na maw might til heuew win 
he ne had fanding of sum sin, 
horn ouercoming of J>at faand 
nay pe mede haue ay lastand ; 
pi was said till him ansuer 25177 
oght es Je mi grace to here," 
l^at es manhed most of mede, 
mden treu again pe nede ; — 
I vmquile vr bone es right, 25181 
niherd thoru vr aun plight, 
bora vr Huelade wick we sper 
ghtwis demisters ere, 25184 

GOTTINGEN 



A wikked man fat god forsakes, 2,^JJ*' 
And to pe werlaw wers him takes, 
For goddes sun may he noght be kend 
Till tyme ]>at he his mis amend. 

[ 

no gap in the MS.] 

fan suld we to slike dedes draw 
fat god for his suns might vs knaw. 
And fan we may with worthines, 
Call him oure fader, als he es. 
In f is word " fader " we vnderstand 
all sekemes of oure erand. 
For if fat god oure fader be, 
Halden sekerly es he 
Vs forto help and f orto here. 
Ay when we mak rightwis prayere. 
Bot fare er resons whi oure bone 
Sumtyme es noght herd sone. 
For sumtyme oure prayer es noght lele. 
Or askid ogains oure sawl hele, — 
Ala was f e prayer of saint paule 
fat prayed ogaynes his awin sawl ; 
He prayed f e fanding of his fa 
Th[r]yse fat it suld be tane him fm, 
And sen none may to heuin win 
Bot he be fanded with sum syn. 
And thurgh victori of fat fanding 
He may haue mede of heuyn king, 
Ferf i crist said saint paul answere, 
" Inogh es f e my grace to here." 
Forf i what so god sendes vs till 
Vs aw to suffer it with gude wilL 
Sumtyme may oure praier be right 
And noght herd for oure awin plight ; 
And sum tyme als let it may f ai 
Forto be herd for wham we pray, 

COTTON GALEA 



1442 CHRIST SOMETIMES DELAYS OUR PRATERS AND TURNS THBM TO OUB BCmi 
ADVANTAGE. THE WORDS '' THAT IS '' SHOW OUB FAITH IN HIS GODHEAD ; 



Als quen we prai for ])am poi lijs 
111 sin p&t godd })am glue to rijs, 
])of ]»is praier be for to tak, 
And we it worthi for to mak, 25188 
^ir sinful men p&ii wicked-hed. 
Lettes vs vr bon to spede, 
And of vr praier crist es paid, 
Vmquil jK)f it be oght delaid, 25 1 92 
To turn it in to better state, 
Als be fat all vr mister wat, 
And fat es nogbt vn-berd at tru 
fat tunid es til vr gretter pru. 25196 
f is word " fat es," qiieu we it min 
Stedfast troutb it bers wit-in, 
For quen we tru in bis godd bede, 
Yr troutb sal tak us mikel mede ; 
For fat o troutb it es f e lagb 25201 
To tru f e tbing we neuer sagb. 
"Wit f is word " in beuen," us es 
Noted sotbfast buxumnes, 25204 

For tboru f is in beuen agb we 
To tbinc bu bei in beuen es be, 
Hu lagb in ertb fat we ar stad, 
fan agb we buxuwi be and glad. 25 208 

[ 



as quen we pray for ham fat lijs 
In sin fat god bam glue to rise, 
f ou f is praiere be-fore to take. 
& we bit worf i be to make. 
IF per sinful men f aire wikkedhedei 
lettis vs our bone to spede. 
& of our praier crist is paide. 
vmquile f ou bit be delaiede. 
to turne bit in-to better state, 
als be fat alle our mister wate. 
& fat is no^t vn-berde atte trow, 
fat tumid is til our gretter prow. 
IT f is worde. is. quen we bit Myn. 
stedefast trauf bit beris wif-in, 
for quen we traw in bis godbede 
our trauf sal take vs mikil mede 
for fat of trauf bit is f e lag& 
to traw f e f ing* we neuer sagH. 
if wif f is worde in beiuen. vs is. 
notid sof fast buxumnes. 
for f orou f is worde in beiue?) aw we 
to fink* bow beye in beiuen is he. 
bow lagb is erf fat we ar stad. 
fen agb we buxum be & drad. 

[ 



no gap in the MS.^ 

Qua fir four bas be mai wel eueri 
Sai " balud bi f i nam to neuen,*' 25216 
fat es to sai, " lauerd f ou strengb 
In bus f i nam o bred and lengK ; 
fat we fi suns sua mai be 
fat we wire noght agains f e, 25220 

COTTON 



no gap in the MR] 

IT qua f er iiij. bas be may wele neyuoi 
say balgbed be f i name to neyueft 
fat is to say lorde f ou strengbt 
In vs f i name of brede & lengbt 
fat we f i sonis squa mai be. 
fat we wirk* no3t a-gainis f e. 

FAIRFAX 



heaven" ought to mark our obedience, in saying "hallowed 1443. 
be tht name," we ask god to strengthen his name in us. 

luen we prai for Jaim fat lijs Ala when we pray for Jam j^at lies 

n fat godd gif faim grace to rijs, In syn J)at god fam grante to rise. 

|)is praier be forto take, Al if J?is prayer be to take 

we be worthi it to make, 25188 And we worthi it forto make, 

Lnful men J>air wickedhede And J>ai leue noght J^aire wilkedhede 

js V8 vr bone to spede ; fat lettes vs of oure bone to spede. 

of vr praier crist es paid, And of oure praier crist es payd 

iiile fou it be delaid, 25192 Sum tyme all if it be missayd, 

im it vnto better state, And tumes into. better state 

16 Jjat all vr mister wate, Als he fat all oure mister wate ; . 

fat es noght vnherd at tru And fat es noght vnherd we trow 

umed es till vr gretter pru.25196 fat es turned till oure gretter prow, 

rord, " fat es," quen we it min f is word " fader " when we myn, 

fast trouth it beris wid-in, ^^ ^**» Stedfast trowth it beris f arein, 

{uen we trou in his goddhed,**^ ^^ For when we trow in f e godhede [ooi. 2j 

outh sal take vs mekil manhed ; Oure trowth saU mak vs mekil mede, 

|)at of trouth it es f e lau 25201 For of right trowth it es f e law 

ni f e thing we neuer sau. To trow f e thing we neuer saw. 

[»is word " in heuen," fat es In f is ilk word "in heuyn fates," ^^IJSb, 

d sothfast buxumnes, 25204 fan vnderstand we bousumnes, 

thoru f is word in heuen au we For we suld think when we it neuyn 

binck hu hei in heuen es he. How hegh oure fader es in heuyn, 

au in erd fat we er stadd, And how law we in erth er stad ; 

iu we buxuw be, and radd.25208 fan suld we be bowsom and ra<l, 

Bowsom his bidinges to fullfill, 

And rad to wirk ogains his will. 

We suld him drede for luf in land, 

And for drede suld we be lufand. 

Als oure fader luf we him fan, 

. . . no gap in the MS,] And drede him als oure domesman. 

fir four has he mai wele euen. He fat so dose fan may he euyn 

*halud be f i nam to neuen,"25216 Say " holowid be f i name in hei\iu," 

)s to say, " lauerd f u strenth * fat es to say, " f us lord f ou strenkith 

s f i nam on brede and lenth ; in vs f i name in brede and lenkitji ; 

ve f i suns sua mai be And len vs so f i suns to be 

WQ wirck noght egaines f e, 25220 fat we wirk noght ogaynes f e ; 

G6TTINGEN COTTON GALBA 

[I Sancdflcettfi* uovainem tnxxm] 



1444 SHOW THY NAME TO UNBELIEVERS I " THT KINGDOM GOME " M At B 
UNDERSTOOD AS A PRAYER TO BE DELIYERBD FROM THB DEYIL^ 



And gar ^i nam be seand als 25221 

Amaug ])aa men truth er fals, 

Als es fe sarazins and >e juus, nj;,/«j 

And all ledes ])at mistrus, 25224 

And all fe men )>at werded es 

For to bo broght into pi blis." 

[ 



& ger pi name be shewed als. 
a-monge pa. men of trau)) is fals 
als is pe sarasinis & iewes. 
& alkin ledis ])at mistrowes. 
& alle men psit wireded is. 
for to be bro3t vn-to pis blis. 

[ 



710 gap in the M8,^ 

" pou do us haf pi riche rike, 25231 

pat in pis wreche world we wike 

Sua wit us regn nu wit grace, 

pat we regn with pe for pi face." 

pis ilk praier es als for paa 25235 

pat es in clenging fire^ alsua ; [* ms. flee] 

Or vnderstand on oper wai 

pis ilk forsaid clause, pat es to sai, 

** Destru pou lauerd ! wit pouste pin 

pe mightes o pis wiper win, 25240 

Fra pe folk es vnder pe, 

And sett pam in pi sauuete, 

Quilk to paa men has pou tight 25243 

pat menskes pe wit mod and might." 

Or in pis ilk clause we prai 

For al es neutes domes-dai, 

Qwen sothfastnes sal al be sene, 

Corn sal fra pe caf be cleno, 25248 

pe gode sal fra pe wic be draun, 

pat o paa fas pou mai be knaun. 

For mighti pi will to wire, 

And {)at pi kingrik, hali kirc, 25252 

Mai be broght of al wath 

To blis, SCO and hir childer bath, 

For pan sal king be funden nan 

In heuen and erth, hot pe allan. 25256 

COTTON 



no gap in ths MS.] 

pou do vs haue pi riche rike 
pat in pis wrecched werl(J we wike 
IT squa we regno wip pe be-for pi & 
pat wo regno wip pi grace, 
pis ilk praier is for pa- 
pat ar in clensing* sin alsqua. 
or vnderstande on oper way. 
pis forsaide clause pat is to saj. 
Destroy pou lordo wip pausti pine 
pe mi3tis of pe wiper-wine, 
fra pe folk* is vnder pe. 
& sette ham in pi pauste. 
pe quilk of pa men has pou ti^t. 
to mensko pe wip mode & mi3t. 
IT or in pis ilk clause we pray, 
for alle his atte domisday. 
quen sopfastnes salle al be sene 
pe come sal fra pe chaf be clone 
pe gode salle fra pe wikked be diawe 
pat of paire faes pai mai be knaweo. 
IT pou mi3ti god pi wille to wirke 
& atte pi kingeriko hali kirk*, 
mai be bro3t of alle wap. 
to blis ho & hir childer bap. 
for pen sal king* bo fondin nane 
in heiuen Si erp hot pou allane 

FAIRFAX 



r BEHALF OF THE GOOD AT DOOMSDAY, WHEN THE CORN SHALL BE SEPAR- 1445 
FROM THE CHAFF, AND HOLT CHUROH WITH HER CHILDREN WILL COMB TO BLISS. 

^er fi nam be schaud als 25221 And mak })i name be knawin als 

ig pasL men of trouth er fals, Omang men ]>at in trowth. er fals, 

3 j>Q sarazinis and iuus, Als with ))e sarsins and ])e lows, 

ilkin ledis >at mistrous, 25224 And ofer mo fat ay mistrows, 

ill pe men j^at werded es And all men ])at in errure iss 

be broght into fi blis." For to be broght vnto J)i blis. 

. And len vs lord swilk mode and mayn 

. J)at we tak neuer fi name in vayn, 

And Jat we swere nogbt wrang J)arby, 

. . . no gap in the MS.] Bot bonore it als es worthy." 

io vs bane fi riche rike," 25231 i"]?i king rike lord fou do vs haue, 

1 f is wreched werld we wick So fat we may of sin be saue, 

lo vs regne here wid fi grace, And so with vs lat regne J)i grace 

e mai regne bifor f i face." fat we may regne bifor f i face." 

ie praier es all for f aa fis praier alls es for all fa P nu« tuumT*^" 

3 in clenging fair alsua ; 25236 fat for f aire sins amendes will ma, 

ider-stand an-of er way And gif f am vnto godes lay ; 

rsaid cleuse, fat es to say, And als f is prayer es to say 

itruy f u, lauerd ! wid pouste fine " Lord put oway thurgh powste fine 

ghtes of f e witherwine, 25240 f e forces of f e fendes fine, 

e folk es vnder f e, Fro all folk fat er vnder f e, 

sett f aim in f i sauuete. And sett f am in f i saintite. 

ilk to fa men has f u tight fat f on has vnto al fa bight 

lenskes f e wid mode and might." fat menskes f e with main and mighti" 

L f is ilke clause we pray 25245 And in f is point also we pray 

.11 his enentes domes-day, [coi. aj For all rightwiss on domesday, 

sothfastnes sal aU be sene. When suthf astnes sail all be sene, ^^» 

m sal fra fe caf be clene, 25248 And fe corn jfro f e caf be clene, ^^' ^^ 

de sal fra f e wick be draun, . f e euill sail fra f e gude be drawn, 

f fair fas f ai mai be knaun. fat f ai may with fare fase be knawn. 

oighti godd fair will to wirke, God grant vs here f i will to wirk, 

fat f i kingrike, halikirk, 25252 And fat f i kingrike, hali kirk, 

be broght of alkin wath And hir childer may be broght 

[is, scho and hir childer bath, To blis fat vnto f am es wroght. 

)an sal king be funden nan [ 

men and erd, bot fe alane. 25256 no gap in the MS.] 

GOTTINGEN COTTON GALEA 



144G "thy will be done on EARTU as it is in heaven," prays for OBAfii 
TO DO RIGHT, UKE THE ANGELS. IN THE FOURTH PETITION YOU ASK FOOD. 



IF J)is it es fe thrid bon, 25257 

" In heuen and erth fi will be don," 
fat es to sai, " lauerd gif vs to 
Grace in erth fi wil to do, 25260 

For to for-ber all fin vnwil, 
And all fi comamend fulfill, 
pat right als dos pin angels all 
Ami htHus of heuen, up in fi hall, 
Pais fe Wit fi seruis sere, 25265 

Sa mot we do all fat er here ! 
Yong a.nd aid, bath mare a.nd less. 
Of alkin ordre fat here es, 25268 

Of all mister, of alkin lare. 
All fat f ou has fordestind ar. 
To f e kingrike of heuen blis, 
fi will do and fou fider wiss." 25272 
fe ferth bon fou askes fode, [coi. «] 
Bath for lijf and saul gode ; 

[ 

-no gap in the MS.] 

fat es to sai bath strengh and hele 

To saul and bodi wit to dele ; 25278 

For fat es fode o thre maner 

fat saul and lijf has of mister, 25280 

For-qui f e bodi has nede o bath 

To busked be o mete and clath ; 

Bot gastli fode to saul it feres, 25283 

fat es, qiien men god sarmu/j heres, 

Bot fude of husel for bath it es 

Bath for f e saul and for f e flexs. 

Efter fir tuin fodes we prai 

Qwen we vr pater nostei sai, 25288 

For if vr flexs be fedd to will. 

And f e saul wit hunger spill, 

fat es bot it be ledd wit lare, 

Na selcuth if fai bath forfare ! 25292 

COTTON 



IF f is hit is f e f rid bone. 

in heiuen & eif f i wil be done 

fat is to say lorde gif vs to. 

grace in erf f i wil to do. 

for to for-bere alle fine vn-wille 

& alle f i comaundement fulfil 

fat ri3t als dos. fine angels aUe 

& halghis of heiuen yp in f i hal 

& paies f e wif f aire scruise sere 

squa mote we. do al fat ar here. 

3onge & aide baf mare & lease 

of alkin ordour fat here is. 

of aUe mister of alkin lare. 

aUe fat fou has for-destened are 

to f e kingerike of heiue?) blis. 

f i wille do & fou f idder wis. 

IF f e firf bone we aske fode. n«fM 

baf for life & saule fode. 

[ 

no gap in the MS.] 

fat is to say baf strenght & hele. 
to saule & bodi wif to dele, 
for fat is fode of f re manere 
fat bodi & saule has of mistere. 
for-quy f e bodi has nede of baf. 
to busked be wif mete & claf . 
^ bot gasteli fode to saule hit ferk 
fat is quen men gode sarmoun hens, 
for fode of housel for baf hit is. 
baf for f e saule & for f e flesshe. 
ofter per twin fodis we pray, 
quen we our pa^er nostev say. 
for if our flesshe be fed to wille. 
& our saule for hungre spille. 
fat is bot hit be led wif lare 
na selcouf if fai baf forfare. 

FAIRFAX 



■ »0B BOTH BODY AND SOUL. WB NEED THREE POODS, MEAT AND CLOTHING, 1447 

GOOD SERMONS, AND THE LORD's SUPPER. WE ASK THE TWO FIRST IN PATER NOSTER. 

mis es be thrid word of bone, 25257 pis claus es cald be thrid bone, Fiatno- 

" In heuen a[n]d erd fi wil be done," "Fader in erth pi will be done," ^£5, 

Jat es to sai, " lauerd giue vs to fat we fi bidinges here fulfill 

Grace in erd J?i wU to do, 25260 Als fai in heuyn wirkes will. 

To for-bere al fin vnwill, Grante vs in erth fi will to do 

And all fi comandinewt fulfill, Als angels in heuyn dose fe to, 

Als right as dos fin angels all [ 

And halus of heuen, vp in fi hall, no gap in the MS.] 

Pais f e wid fair seruis sere ; 25265 f ai pay f e with f aire serais sere ; 

Sua mot we do all fat er here ! So mot we do all fat er here. 

Jung and aid, bath mar awd lese, [ 

Of alkin order fat here es, 25268 

Of all mister, of alkin lare, 

Al fat fis has fordestind are, 

To f e kingrike of heuen bHs, 

fi will doand fu difer wiss." 25272 no gap in the MS.] 

Me feird bone vs askes fode, pis firth bone vs askes fode, Pane« no§- 

Bath for lijf and saul gode ; Both vnto life and sawl gude; ^*^J^ "**' 

[ For on fis wise it es to say 

no gap in the MS.] " Cure ilk day brede gif vs fis day," 

fat es to say, bath strenth a^zd hele And gif vs strenkith withouten str/f, 

To saul awd bodi wid to dele ; 25278 And might both vnto sawl & lif ; 

For far es fode of thre manere For fare er fode on thrin manere 

fat saul awd lijf has of mister, 25280 fat saul and lif has of mistere, 

For-qui f e bodi has nede of bath f e body here has nede of bath 

To braked be wid mete awd clath ; To be sustened with mete and clath ; 

Bot gastli fode to saul es feris. And gastly fode on all maners 

fat es, quew men sarmon heris, 25284 Es f e sawl when mew sarmon heres, 

Bot fode of housil for bath it es And fode of howsill suthly es 

Bath for f e saule and for f e fless. JJfi^J?* Both for f e sawl and for f e fless. 

Eftir fir tuin fodis we pray And efter both fir fodes we pray 

Quen we ur pater noster say, 25288 When we oure pater nostev say ; 

For if vr fless be fed to will, Bot if oure fless be fed to will, 

And f e saule for hxmger spill, And f e sawl for hunger spill, 

fat es, bot it be fedd wid lare, (fat es bot it be led with lare) 

Na selcuth if f ai bath forfare ! 25292 "No wonder if f ai both mis-fare ! 

GOTTINGBN COTTON GALEA 



1448 IN THE FIFTH PETITION WE PRAT THAT OUB 8IK8 BB FOBOI?EI7; IT 

THOU PUATEST OOD TO FOBGIVE THEE, 



I 



Bot if saul techeing haf o sele, 25293 
And flexs be foluand efter wele, 
])an sal ])ai bath, for-soth to sai, 
Be brogbt to blis J^at lastes aL 25296 

. . . . no gap in the MS,] 
IF " For-giue us fader, dettes vrs, 
Als we for-giue til vr detturs," 25300 
fis it es fe fift bon, 
fat J)us-gat agbt to be vndon : 
For-giue us fader vr sinnes to 
Right als fat we til ofer do 25304 
fat gains ys here oght has don ; 
Hu wath it es to bid fis bun ! 
For mani gain him-seluen prais 
Qusn he his pater noster sais, 25308 
For if fou prais to godd fat he 
Right sua f i sinnes forgiue to f e, 
Als fou fam forgiues til ofer, 25311 
And fou hald wreth enents f i broif er. 
He fat fin euen-cristen es 
And namli askes forgiuenes, 25314 
fou bodes on f i-seluen wrak. 
And prais fat crist it on f e take ; 
For godd he sais in his gosspeU, 
Wit sli mett als yee bi and sell,25318 
Wit fat ilk sal yow be mett, 
Qt^n ilk man sal ha fair dette. 

[ 

. . . . no gap in the MS,] 
How mai he ask forgiuenes fan, 
fat will noght for-giue ofer men ] 
1 Forgiue til ofer fan most we nede, 
K we enent us self wil sped, P ^^i*^ii^^* 
And sal we merci haf o godd, 
Suilk aJs we til ofer bod. 25328 

COTTON 



bot if saule teyching* haue of sele 
& flesshe be folowand efter wele 
fen sal f ai baf for-sof to say. 
be bro^t to blis fat lastis ay. 

[ .• • • • 

. . . . no gap in the MS,] 

IF for-giue vs fader dettis ours. 

als we for-giue tille our dettouis 

f is hit is f e first bone 

atte f us-gatis agti to be vn-done 

for-giue vs fader our sy7^nis to. 

ri3t als fat we til ofer do. 

fat againis vs here 03t has done 

vnderstandis quat is f is bone 

for mani a-gaine him-seluin pndfl 

quen he his pater noster sals. 

for if fou prais to god ]>at he 

rijt squa f i synnis for-giue to fe 

als fou ham for-giuis til ofer. 

& fou halde wraf a-nyent f i brofer 

he at f i neiuen c?isten is. 

& namly askis for-gifnia. 

fou biddis on f i-seluin wrake 

& prais on f e fat c^ist hit take. 

% for god him sais in his gosspel. 

wif suche met^ as ^e by & selle 

with fat nk sal fou be mette PM8.ia«te; 

quen ilk man sal haue f aire dette 

[ 

no gap in the MS,] 

how mai he aske for-gifnis fan. 
fat wil no3t for-giue ofer man. 
for-gif til ofer fen moste we nede 
if we a-nyend our-self wil spede 
& salle we nierci haue of god. 
suche as we til ofer bode. 

FAIRFAX 



YET ART ANGRY AGAINST THY BROTHER, THOU CALLE8T WRATH UPON 1449 
THYSBLP; WE MUST FORGIVE ONE ANOTHER. 



f saul teching liaue of sele, 25293 
fles be foluand ef ter wele, 
lal fai bath, for-sotb to say, 
roght to blis ]>at lastes ay. 25296 

. . . no gap in the if^SL] 
orgiue vs fadir, dettis vris, 
7e for-giue til vr detturs,'* 25300 

es J?e fijfte bone, 
usgat au to be vndone : 
;iue vs fadir vr sinnis to 
b als we till ofer do 25304 

gaines vs here agh has done ; 
rath it es to bid f is bone ! 
nani gain hiw-seluen prais 

he his pater noster sais, 25308 
f J?u prais to godd fat he 
b J?i sinnes for-giue to f e, 
•u faim for-giues til o]?er, 25311 
Jju hald wreth enent J)i bro]?e?', 
at fin euencristen es 
namli askis forgiuenes, 25314 
ddes on J?i-seluen wrake, 
prais fat crist it on fe take ; 
rod him sais in his god-spell, 
ill niett als ^q bij and sell, 25318 
7at ilk fu sal be mett, 

ilk man sal haue fair dett. 

. . . no gap in the MSJl 
lai he aske forgifnes fan, 
il noght for-gif of er man % 25324 
;if til of er fan most we nede, 
\ enent vs-self wil spede, 
sal we merci haue of god, [coi. 2] 
: als we till of er bod. 25328 

GOTTINGEN 



And if f e sawl haue gude preching, 

And fan f e fless folow in al thing, 

fan sail f ai both on domesday. 

Be broght to blis fat lastes ay. 

pe fifb asking es faire to here ^ dS^nw" 

Whenweprayonf ismanere, SmSiSi"'" 

" Fader, fprgif vs dettes ours^ 

Als we forgif till oure dettours." 

Of god in heuyn we ask f is bone. 

And es f us forto be vndone : 

Fader oure sins f orgiff vs to 

Eight als we vntill of er do 

fat ogains vs oght has done ; [ooi. s] 

Sinn bannes f am self fa sais f is bone. 

!••••••••••• 

no gap in the MS,^ 

For when f ou prayes to god fat he 
Eight so f i sins forgif to f e, 
Als f ou forgiflfes vntill anof er. 
And haldes wreth fan with f i brof er, 
Any fat trewly cristend es 
And namly fat askes forgifnes, 
Vnto f i-self fan askes f ou wrake. 
And prayes fat god it on f e take. 
For f us sais crist in his godspell, 
" With slike met als je till of er sell, 
With slike mesure sal ^e be met," 
When ilka man sail haue his dett. 
Sen god forgifes noght vs oure syn 
Bot if we forgiff all man-kyn, 
How may he ask forgifnes fan, 
fat forgif s noght anof er man ] 
Forgif till of er most we nede. 
If we onence oure self wiU spede ; 
Or els ogains oure self we pray 
When we oure pater noster say. 

COTTON GALBA 



1450 BUT IF THT SOUL BE 80 SIOK THOU OANST NOT TEMPER THINE ANOBB, FRAt 
FOB GRACE TO FORGIVE OTHERS, AKD TO LOVE THT FELLOW OHRISTIANB. 

Bot if pi saul [it] be sua seke 25329 IT bet if pi saule hit be sqoa seka 

poi |k>u ])i mode mai nagat meke, pai ]}0u ])i mode mai na-gate meke 

Better es ])aii to sai it noght better is ])e to say hit no^t. 

Bot if ]>oa haf ])i3 tent in thoght, bot if ])oa haue per didis in ]>ojt 

pe quilk psii i sal seen pe here ; 25333 pe quilk ]>at I. salle shew p& here 

pat es to sai, '' vr fader der ! ))at is to say our fader d^re. 

[ [ 

no gap in the MS,] no gap in the M&\ 

If we thoru tendemes of vr flexs if we forou frehies of our flesshe 

Mai giue til o])er na giuenes, 25338 mai giue til oper na for-gifiies. 

Als we suld do, and ))ou us taght, als we sulde do as ])ou has ta^t. 

Wit J)i grace grant vs fi maght wif J)i grace graunte vs fe ma3t 

Til of er sua forgiue fair sin, til ofer squa for-giue faire sin. 

fat we mai f i forgiffes win. 25342 fat we mai f i for-giuenes win. 

To luue vr euen cristen sua to loue our eyuen cristin squa. 

fat we fair lastes ma forga ; fat we f aire lastis may for-ga. 

O man-kind sua to luue f e stat, 25345 of mankinde squa to loue fe state, 

fat we fair wicked werckes hate, fat we f aire wikked werkis hata 

Sua man als man to luue in lai, & in truf to lede vs lay. 

fat we for-ber fair lastes ai." 25348 fat we for-giue ham euer & ay. 

[ certis man I. wame hit f e. 

& f ou for-giue fine eneme. 

mikil mare perel is his. 

bot he to f e amende his mys. 

for-f i putte al in goddis hande. 

& lete him deme fat is weldande. 

[ 

no gap in the MS.] no gap in the MS.] 

IF fe bon es o f e sext asking, 25357 IF f e bone is of fe sext asking*. 

" fat we ne ledd in na fanding," fat we be led in na fanding*. 

Noght sua fat we ne fandid be, fat we no3t squa fondid be. 

For godmen faand fan tas he, 25360 ihesu crist to for-sake f e. 

Bot we prai vr fanding be sua we pray fat our fonding* be squa. 

fat we be noght feld wit vr fa, fat we be felled no^t wif our fa. 

For oft f e men fat er rightwis 25363 for oft f e men fat ar ri3t-wise. 

Thoru faanding win f ai to fair pns. f orou fonding* win f ai to f aire prise 

COTTON FAIRFAX 



IE SIXTH PETITION WE PRAY, NOT TO BE EXEMPT PROM TEMPTATION, 1451 

BUT THAT WE MAY OVERCOME IT. 



Lf jri saule it be sua seko 25329 

>a ])i mode mai noght meke, 

rr es fan to say it noght 

[7U ne haue ))is entent in thoght, 

lilk })at i sal scheu 3a here ; 

s to say, " vr fadir dere ! 25334 

. . . no gap in the MS,^ 
e thoru frelsnes of vr fles 
gif til ofer na forgiuenes, 25338 
we sold do, and J)u vs taght, 
fi grace grant vs J)i maght 
o\er sua forgif fair sin, 
;ve mai J?i forgiuenes win. 25342 
uue vr euencristen sua 
ive fair lastes mai forga ; 
aan-kind sua to luue fe state, 
we fair wicke werkes hate, 25346 
man als maTi to luue in lai, 
HTB forber fair lastes ay." 



. . . no gap iii the MS.] 
bone es of f e sexte asking, 25357 
b we be led in na fanding," 
ht sua fat we ne fanded be, 
gode men fand fan tholes he, 
we pray vr fanding be sua 25361 
we noght feld be wid vr fa, 
offce f e men fat er rightwis 
ru fanding win f ai to fair -pris. 

GOTTINGEN 



And man, if f i sawl be swa seke 
fat f ou nonegate f i mode may meke, 
Better es f e fan to say it noght 
Bot haue f is entent in f i thoght, 
f e whilk fat I sail schew f e here ; 
fat es to say on f is manere, 
" Oure fader of heuyn to f I pray, 
Thre persons and a god verray. 
If we thurgh frelnes of oure fless 
May gif till of er no forgifnes, 
Als we suld do if we did right, 
Thurgh f i grace f ou grante vs might . 
So to forgif of er f aire sin 
fat we may f i forgifnes win ; 

[ 

no gap in the MS.] 

And of man-kinde to luf f e state 
fat we may wikked werkes hate, 
And so vntiU all of er at do 
Als f ou has techid vs vnto ; 
To will fat lay in gude life be 
And end in luf and charite, 
And to amend f am if we may. 
Or be of more power fan f ai. 
And if we may noght mend f aire care, 
Haue sorow in hert of faire misfare." 
And if we do f us fan we may 
Oure pater nostei trewly say. 
^fe sex bone es ful nedeful thing, JJJ^Jj 
" Fader lede vs in no fanding," l^l^T 
fat es on f is maner to mene, ^^^ 
" Oure fader of hexijn, f ou kepe vs clene, 
And lat vs neuer be fanded swa 
fat we feld doun with oure fa. 
We sail noght pray to god fat he 
Help fat we noght fanded be, 

COTTON GALEA 



1452 THfiEB ENEMIES ABB EVER TEMFTINQ US. '' DELIVEB US FROM I?I^' 

FROM ALL SIN AJfD GUILT. 



For quen fai faanding maistar wele, 
Grand er ])ai wit mikel sele. 25366 

. . . . no gap in the MS.] 

For we haf wiferwins tbrin 

])at eu^ fandes vs to bid., 25370 

J)is werld wit welth, vr flexs wit will, 

f e warlau euer eggand til ill ; 

fan prai we til vr fader her 25373 

He ne fand us bot als we mai stere. 

[ 

. . . . no gap in tJie MS,] 

SiJ)en it es vr last asking, 

" J)ou sceild us fra iuel thing," 25378 

Bot for-J?i |)at we mai find 

Ivels laid be-for man-kind 

))at be US-self we mai noght fie, 

Wit-in fis bon far-for prai we, 25382 

]>at he us sceild fra iuels all 

fat in aijjer lijf mai fall, 

fat es to sai fra sin and sake, [coi. 2] 

Fra bodi bath and saul wrake. 25386 

IT " Amen," fat es " sua most it be. 

Of all fat we ha praied f e ; " 

f is word amen fat last es laid, 

Conferms al his forwit said, 25390 

Als sua sai, " lauerd godd ! fader and king, 

f ou grant us god al ur asking, 

fat we forwit haf asked f e, 

fat es, fi nam mot halud fe, 25394 

f i kingrike fader, send us son, 

f i will in heuew and erth be don, 

Giue us to dai vr ilk-dai mete, 

For-giues vs sua vr aun dete 25398 

Als we for-giue vr deturs all. 

And latus in na fanding fall, 

COTTON 



quen f ai fondingi ouer-commen 
hit tumis ham to mikil sele. 

[ 

. . . . 710 gap in the MS.] 

IT for we haue enemis f rin 

fat oft fondis vs to syn. 

f is werlde wif welf our flesshe wiVi wil 

f e warlagh euer eggande til ille. 

fen pray we til our fader here 

he fonde vs no3t bot as we mai steie 

[ 

. . . . no gap in the MS.] 
IT Sif en hit is our last asking* 
f ou shilde vs &a iuel f ing*. 
bot for-f i fat we may finde. 
Iuels laide be-for mankinde. 
fat bi our-self we may no^t fle. 
wif-in f is bone f 6r-fore pray we. 
fat he vs shilde fira iuels alle. PjJ^f 
fat in aif er life mai falle. 
fat is to say fra sinne & sake 
fra bodi baf & saule wrake. 
^ Amen, fat hit mote squa be. 
of alle fat we haue praied to fe, 
f is worde amen fat last is saide 
confermis alle be-fore is laide. 
IF Alsqua lorde god fader & king* 
f ou grante vs gode alle our asking*, 
fat we be-fore haue askid f e. 
fat is f i name bot halghed be. 
f i kingrike fader sende vs sone. 
f i wille in heiuen & erf be done. 
gif vs to-dai our ilk dai mete, 
for-gif vs squa our awen dette. 
als we for-giue our dettours aUe. 
& late vs in na fonding* falle. 

FAIRFAX 



en" confirms all that has been asked before, and means, 1453 

GOD grant all our PRATER. 

qusm ]>ai fanding maistris wele, For ilka man ])at here lifes right 

led er ))ai wid mekil sele. 25366 Has fele fandinges both day and night, 

And he fat victori may gete 

. . . no gap in the MS,] Sail be corond wirschippes grete. 

we haue witherwines thrin Fals fanders here haue thrin 

suer fandes vs wid sin, 25370 fat alway fandes vs with syn, 

rerld wid welth, vr Hess wid will, fewerld with welth,oure Hess with will, 

arlou ener eggand vs til ill ; pe fende es euer eggand to ill ; 

prai we til vr fadir dere 25373 farfore we pray oure fader dere 

le fand vs bot als we mai stere. To lede vs in no fanding here, 

Bot grante vs grace fam to ouercum, 

• . . no gap in the MS."] fat we may won fi kingdom, 

•en it es vrs last asking, 25377 f is esfeseuynd and fe last asking, g®^ 

schild vs fra iuel thing," "Deliuervsfaderfroallill thing," ^^ 

for-f i fat we mai find ^^00^!]*^' -^^ iorfi fat we may finde 

J laid bifor man-kind 25380 Sere euils laid bifor man-kinde 

)i vs-self we mai noght fle, Wlulk by our self we may noght fle, 

a f is bone f arfor prai we. In f is bone fair-fore pray we, 

le vs schild fra iuels all fat god vs schilde fro euils all 

n aif er lijf mai fall, 25384 fat in aif er life may fall, 

ss to sai^ frsk sin and sake, fat es, f e body fro harmes here, 

bodi bath and saul wrake. And f e sawl fro syns sere. 

]men," fat es " sua mot it be, [ 

11 fat we haue praid to fe; " no gap in the MS.] 

rord Amen fat last es laid, 25389 Now haue I sayd fir askinges seuyn 

'ermis all es forwid said, fat helpes vs to f blis of heuyn, 

a, " lauerd godd ! fadir and king, Whilk seuyn vertuse vntill vs wins, 

rant vs gode al vr asking, 25392 And als fordose seuyn dedly sins, 

re forwid haf asked f e. And bringes vs till aeuyn bHscedehedes 

s, f i name mot halud be, fat es in heuyw to haue sere medes. 

Dgrike fader, send vs sone, "Amen,"fatmenes"somotitbe" Amen 

11 in heuen and erd be done. Of all fat we haue asked f e ; 

''s to-day ur ilkday mete, 25397 [ • • 

forgif us sua vr aun dette 

VQ forgif vr detturs all, . 

late vs in na fanding fall, 25400 no gap in the MS,] 

gottingen cotton galba 



1454 LORD, TEACH US THE WAY TO EVEBLASTING JOY, IT IS HIBD 

STAY HEBB. 

And sceild us all fia alkin il, & shilde vs fra alkin ille. 

Amen, leif fader, fou it ful fill. 25402 Amen leue fader Jw)u hit fulfille. 



IF Fader and sun and lialigast,^ ES[/<S! 
To J)e i cri and caU mast, ^^'*^®-^ 

]>at treue^t es in tron ; 25405 

An-fald godd i cal in thre, 
Lauerd loued in trinite. 
To J)e mak j mi bon. 25408 

pou sceild me bath fra ainn and scam, 

Lauerd for pin. hali nam, 

pat helpes pine sa son. 

And wiss me fat right wai 

))ar euermar es ioi and plai, 

For hard es her to hon. 



IT Hali fader, heuen king ! 
Lauerd loued of al thing ! 
On pe i tru and call, 
And on ihe^u, fi suete sun, 
Arli and late i wil yow mon. 
In bure and eke in haU. 

Haligast ! i call alsua. 
In Jje i tru and in nama 
J?ou sceild me to fFall ! 
And if i fall in ani skath, 
J)ou do me for to rise all rath 
And mine frendes all. 



25411 



25414 



25417 



25420 



25423 



25426 



an orisonn of pe trinite. 

Fader & sone & haligaste 
to pe I cry & calle maste 
fat trewest art in trone. 
an-falde god & persones f re 
lorde loued in trinite. 
to pe I. make mi bone. 

IT J?ou shilde vs baf fra syime &sh 

lorde for fi hali name. 

fat helpis fine squa sone. 

& wis men ay ilk way. 

f er euer-mare is gammin & play. 

for harde is here to wone. 

IT fader of heiuen hali king* 
lorde louid ouer al f ing* 
on f e I. trow & calle. 
& on ihesu f i squete sone 
erli & late I. wille 30U mone 
in boure & eke in halle. 

^ haligaste I. calle alsqua. 
In f e I. traw & in na ma. 
f ou shilde me to faUe. 
& if I falle in ani skaf 
f ou do me for to rise raf . 
& mine frendes alle. 



IT fou fat has f is werld all wroght, If f ou fat has f is werlde al wrojt 
And has it sett al wit f i thoght, & has hit sette al in f i f 03t. 

And stabuld it in skill, 25429 & stablid hit in skille. 

COTTON FAIRFAX 

[^ This prayer comes after line 25174, p. 1458, in the Cotton MS.] 



Aj on JESUS EARLY AND LATE, IN BOWER AND HALL; ALSO ON 1455 

THE HOLY GHOST. 



child YS &a alkin ill, 

I fadir, J)u it fulfiU. 25402 

[Prayer to the Trinity,] 

v£ and sune and hali gast, 
?o ])e i cii and call mast, 
Buest es in trone ; 25405 

1 godd i call in tlire, 
:d loued in trinite, 
make i mi bone. 25408 

bild vs all fra sin and schame, 

•d for pi hali hei name, 

3lpis yme sua sone, 25411 

wis vs all fat ilk way 

lermar es gamen awd plai, 

ard es here to hone. 25414 

■ 

i fader, heuen king ! 
•d loued ouer al thing ! 25416 
i tru and calle, [leafier, back, coi. 2] 
3n 168% pi suete sun, 
nd late i will ju mon, 
ire and eke in hall. 25420 



Oure blisced fader fou it fulfill, 
And schild vs euer fro alkins ilL 

. AMEN. 



gast ! i caU al-sua, 
i tru and in nama 
hUd me to faU ! 25423 

if i fall in ani skath, 
► me, lauerd, to rise rath 
mine freindes aU. 25426 



|)at has J)is werld al wroght, 
has it sett all wid pi thoght, 
stabild it in skill, 25429 

gOttingen 



COTTON GALEA 



1456 THOU WHO wRonaHT the world, shapjedest man among andcalb; tboo 

ADAM IN A FIT RUINED US, STILL^ LORD, BE OUR HOPE. HASTEN TO PITT JH 

Of all ]7in sandes wild and tarn, 25430 of alle bestis wilde & tame 

Man ])0u scop and gaf him nam, man pon shope & gaf him name 

And gaf him wijf to will. 25432 & gaf him wife to wille. 

])of adam rap him in a res IT ]>o adam maded in a rese. 

Thoru an apul pai eue him ches, ^orou an appil ])at eue him chese. 

Ys all for to spill, 25435 vs al for to spiUe. 

po\i ])at es crist and godd an-fald, ])ou art crist & god anfalde. 

Lauerd be vr hope and hald, lorde he our hope & halde. 

Jk)u do his flod to fill. [ooi. 2] 25438 fon do his flode to fiUe. 

IT Rape fe lauerd for to reu, IT & reufuUi lorde to rew. 

For ilk dai vr nede es neu, for ilk* dai our nede is new. 

For fast i fund to fiare ; 25441 for fast I founde to fare. 

mi si/^nes me reues sare, of mi synnis me rewes sore. 

1 wat J)i merci es wel mare, I wate fi mercy is wele more. 
In hope i dnrk and dare. 25444 In hope I dnrk* & dare. 

fou fat has fis werld to weld, IT Jjou fat has f is werlde to welde 

Reu me lauerd in mine eld, fou rew of me in mine elde. 

And wiss me waies fare 25447 & wisse me waies fare, 

fare santes has fair seli sete, f er santis has f aire cely sete. 

On domes-dai far we sal mete on domisday per we salle mete, 

f ou sceild me fra care. 25450 fou shilde me fra care. 

IT Ful derf i was to hidd vndo, [ 

fat luued i neuer rest na ro, 

Bot wildnes and wa ; 25453 no gap in tJie MS. 

Ful leuef me was to cum in cri, ^ ful leue me was to come in ciy 

Wit magote and wit mariori, wif magot & wif margerie. 

Wit maiot, maid, and ma. 25456 wif mariot malde & ma. 

mans-slaghter had i na mak, of mani il dedis had I. na make. 

Ne nan sa "wild in wa to wrak, & man to sle wif mikil wrake. 

To riue f e grene and gra ; 25459 f us-gatis on erf I. ga. 

'Nm fan dos me held ta grith, now elde dos me take grif . 

Lauerd f i merci ta me wit, lorde f i mercy take me wif 

Fott was fe falsen fra. 25462 focche me was fallin fe fra. 

COTTON FAIRFAX 



STBOKG IN WILD, KVIL WAYS, MOT LOYING REST; I HAD NO 1457 

EQUAL IN HY ILL DEEDS. 

])i sandes wilde and tame, 25430 

)TX made a.nd gaf him name, 

raf him lijf to wiU. 25432 

lam rape him in a res 
. an appil ])at eue him ches, 
for to spiU, 25435 

b es crist and god anfald, 
d be vr hope and hald, 
his flode to filL 25438 

e fe lau^-d nu forto reu, 
k day vr nede es neo, 
ust i fund to fare ; 25441 

sinnes me reus sare, 
B J)i merci es wele mare, 
pe nu i dnrk and dare.. 25444 

li has ])is werld to weild, 

1 me lauerd in mi eild, 

;nsse me wais jare 25447 

intes has paii seli sete, 

)mes-day pax we sal mete 

lild me fra care. 25450 



derf i was to bidd vndo, 
ued i neuer rest ne ro, 
'eildnes and wa ; 
iif me was to cum in cri, 
lagote and wid margori, 
lariot, maid, and ma. 



25453 



[leaf 168. 
col. 1] 

25456 



inslaghter had i na make, 
ine sua wild in wa to wake, 
le pe grene and gra ; 25459 

dos me eild take grith, 
d ))i merci take me with, 
ye was fallen fra. 25462 

GdTTINOEN 



t 



1 458 NOW I PRAY, — NOT FOR CLOTHED STEBD, RICH ROBES, WEALTH NOR CASTLl 
BUT FOR TRUTH AND A CLEAN HEART. LORD, I AH UNREADY FOR DOOlfSDAl 



IT Nu ask i nofer gra ne grene, 25463 

Ne stede scrud, me lorem scene, 

Ne purperpall, nee pride o pane, 25465 

Ne riche robe wit veir and grise, — • 

werlds aght ask i na pris ; 

Ne castel mad o lime and stane, 25468 

Bot stedfast hope and trout right, 

And ert clene and eien sight, 

Ofir gersum ask i nan. 25471 

Do me lauerd to wijt fi will. 

And sijjen heuen-rike to fill, 

For son er j>ir ga?wmes gan. 25474 

IT me es noght bot sin and sake, 

Lauerd ! bot pi merci it mak, 

Vnworthi am i, wel f ou wast, 25477 

And al vnredi for to rise 

On domesdai be-for iustise, 

J^ar all es casten on a cast. 25480 

far santes sal pe dute and drede. 

And all sal se fin wondes bled. 

Mi hope es in fi merci mast ; 25483 

Als eue7' was and ai sal be, Deaf lis, coi. i] 

Lauerd loued in trinite, 

Fader and sune and haligast. 25486 

[1 leaf 141, back, col. 2] 

^U lesuSf Jjat wald efter mid-night, 
J)i suete face, fat was sa bright, 
With luus spitting file, 25489 

And suffer sif en, for vr sin, 
Boffetes on f i soft chin. 
In fat lYk quile ; 25492 

fat ilk tim f ou fra ded ras, 

Lauerd godd als f i will was, 

MUdH and still ; 25495 

COTTON 



IT nauf er aske I skarlet ne grene 
ne pz^rtraied stede ne lorom shene 
ne palle to couer mi bane, 
ne riche robe wif veire & grise 
of werldis a^t aske I. na prise, 
ne castel made of stane. 

bot stedefaat hope & trauf rijt. 
& hert clene & eyen sijt. 
of er couette wil L nane. 
do me lorde wif f i wille 
heiuen blis L mai come tille 
sone ar fer gammenis gane^ 

IT lorde bot f i mercie me take. 

I mone be loste for my sake. 

& fat ful wele f ou wast 

f ou gif me grace redi to rise. 

on domisday be-for Iustise. [toJ 

fou make, me meke & chaste 

fer santis sal f e doute & drede 
& I. salle se f i woundis blede. 
my hope is in f e maste 
fat euer was and ay salle be. 
lorde fader louid in trinite, 
fader sone & haligaste. 

Matinis of f e ctos. 

Ihe^us fat walde of ter mid-ni3t. 
f i squete face fat was sa brijt 
f e iewes wif spiting can file. 
& sif en sufferred for our synne. 
boffetis on f i faire chynne. 
in fat ilk quile. 

IT fat ilk time fou fra dede ras. 
lorde as f i willis was, 
mi[l]dely & stiile. ' ''■ 

^ ' FAIRFAX - 



[* A line erased A«f6.*— of me is nojt bot synne Jk sake.] 



MY HOPE IS IN THY MERCY. A PRAYER FOR MIDNIGHT j JESUS, WHO 1459 

SUFFERED BUFFETS, ROSE CALMLY FROM THE DEAD. 

[N]u ask i iiou]?er gra ne grene, 25463 
Ne stede schrud, ne lorem scliene, 
Ne purperpall, ne przde of pane, 25465 
Ne riche robe wid veir and gris, — 
Of worldes welth aske i na prijs ; 
Ne castel made of lime and stane, 

Eot stedfast hope and trouth right, 

And hert clene and eien sight, 

O^ei gersum aske i nane. 25471 

Do me lauerd to witfc fi will, 

And sifen heuenrike to fill, 

For sone er Jir gamins gane. 25474 

[0]f me es noght hot sine and sake, 

Lauerd ! hot pi merci it make, 

vnworthi am i, wele J?u wast, 25477 

And all vnredi fur to rise 

On domes-day bifor iustise, 

]7ar all er casten on a cast. 25480 

])ar santes sal bath dute a,[n]d drede, 

And i sal se ])in wondes blede, 

^K hope es in fi me7*ci mast ; 25483 

Als euer was and ai sal be, 

Laaerd loues in trinite, 

Fadir and sun and hali-gast. 25486 

[A Prayer for the Hours of the PasslonJi 

lesusy fat wald efter midnight, %' \]^ 
])i suete face, Jat was sua bright, 
wid Juus spitting file, 25489 

And suffer sifew, for vr sinn, 
Buffettes on f i soft chin. 
All in fat ilke quile ; 25492 

fat ilke time f u fra dede ras, [col 2] 

Lauerd als f i will it was, 

MildU and stm ; 25495 

GOTTINGEN 



1460 MAKE US RISE FROM OUR SINS AND LEAVE OUR HORRIBLE GAMES. PRATIB 
AT LAUDS j SWEET LORD, GREAT WAS THT PATIENOE WHEN THE JEWS REVILED THEE) 



Ken us lauerd, for fi nam, 
Forsak bat sin and scam, 
And vr werckes ill. 

Of vr sinnes son to rise, 
And wis us euer wit J?e wise. 
And leue vr gamens grill, 
pat wit ])in apostels liei, 
Mai ])ow all se in galilei, 
If it be Ji will. 



Suet lauerd ! wit-vten lese, 
Mikel was pi tholmodnes 
In pat ilk time ; 
pSLB. felun juus dai B.nd night, 
Vild f e wit al fair might, 
"Wald ]?ai neuer fine.' 



25496 ken vs lorde for Ji name. 

to for-sake synne & shame. 
25498 & our werkis ille. 

IT of our synnis sone to rise. 

& wis vs euer wi]? pe wise. 
25501 & leue our gammenis gril. 

Jat we wi]? ))ine apo«/les heye. 

mai pe se in galilee. 
25504 if hit be J)i wiUe. 

Atte kudis. 

Squete lorde wif-outin lese. 
mikil was Jji mekenes. 
25507 in fat ilk* time. 

fa felouws iewes dai & m3t. 
reuiled pe wif alle faire mi^t. 
25510 walde fai neuer fine. 



Jjou giue vs lauerd ! might and mode, 

To luue ai fat es sa god, 

And thine apon fi pine ; 25513 

"Wit hand and werck, hert and will, 

[Ay f e to luue bath lude and still] 

To f e wit hert encline ; [leaf 142, cd. i] 

If we fall intil il fanding, 

Defend us fra f e fule thing, 

fou wat fat we ar fin. 25519 



II lestis I fat was broght in present 

Be-for pilate to jugemenf. 

At prime dai i wen ; 25522 

fat ilk time fou mistred f e. 

Suet ie^u ! wit hert sa fre. 

To maria magdalene. 25525 

COTTON 



If fou gif me lorde mi3t & mede. 
to loue ay f e fat is sa gode. 
& fink a-pon f i pine, 
wif hande. hert werke & wille. 
ay f e to loue baf loude & stille 
to f e wif hert encline. 
if we falle in ani fonding*. 
defende vs fra f e foule f ing». 
fou wate at we ar fine. 

Atte prime. 

Ihe^us fat was bro3t in presente. 
be-fore pilate to lugement. 
atte prime of day I wene. 
fat ilk time fou shewed f e 
squete ihesu wif hert sa fre. 
to marie maudelene 

FAIRFAX 



GIVE US POWER AND TEMPER TO LOVE AND THINK UPON THEE. AT PRIME ; 1461 
JESUS, WHEN BROUGHT BEFORE PILATE, THOU SHOWED THYSELF TO MAGDALENE. 

Ken vs lauerd, for ])i name, 25496 
To forsake bath sin and scham, 
And vr werkis ill. 25498 

Of vr sinnes sone to rise, 

And wiss vs euer wid fe wise, 

And leue vr gamines grill, 25501 

Jat we, wid fin apostlis heie, 

Mai Jje se in galileie, 

Laue^-d ! if it be fi will. 25504 

[LaudsJ] 

[S]uete lancrd I wid-vten les, 

Ful mekil was Ji tholmodnes 

In fat ilke time ; 25507 

fai felun.iuns dai and night, 

viled fe wid all fair might, 

wald fai neuer fine. 25510 

fu gif vs, lanerd ! might and mode, 
To luue fe ai fat es sua gode. 
And thine apon fi pine ; 55513 

wid hawd and hert, werke and will, 
Ay fe to lune bath Inde and still. 
To fe wid hert encline ; 25516 

Quen we fall aght in-to fanding. 
Defend vs fra f e fole thing, 
fu wate fat we er fine. 25519 

[I\e8U8 ! fat broght was in present 
Bifor pilate to iugement. 
At pnme of day i wene ; 25522 - 

fat ilke time f u mustrid f e, 
Suete iesvi ! wid hert sua fre. 
To mari magdalene. 25525 

g(Jttingen 



1462 SHOW THYSELF NOW TO US AND OIYB US SHRIFT. FBA.TEB AT UNDU 

(9 o'clock A.H.). JESUS, AT THIS TIMB 



J)ou sceu Je lauerd al vntil us, 25526 
fat al to mikel has ben vnbuxs 
Vnto J>e suet trace, 25528 

And giue us clene scrift at hald, 
Of vr sinnes neu and aid, 
For J)i suet grace. 25531 

])at na sinn be sene us on, 

At ])e mikel dai o dome, 

pan we er brogbt in place ; 25534 

Jat we efter pat ilk dai, 

Mai liue wit ioi for euer and ai, 

Be-for pi suete face. 25537 



IT poa kipe pi ini3tis lorde to me. 
I am ynbuxum wele I se. 
for to folow pi trace. 
& gif vs lele shrift to halde. 
of our synnis new & aide, 
for pi squete grace. 

atte na synne be sene vs on. 
atte pe mikil day of dome, 
quen we ar brojt in place, 
squa pat we may ofber pat day. 
liue in ioy euer & ay. 
be-for pi squete face. 



H Suet ie^u, at vndrin time, 
For vr sin, and noght for pin, 
Sufferd a-bute pi hert, 25540 

juus pat war fell and Strang, 
Wit knotted skurges hard a,nd la7?g, 
Dintes sare and smart. 25543 

pat ilk time al pat i neuen, 

pou sent pe haligast fra heuen 

To pine apostels suete ; 25546 

pou send vs, lauerd ! wijt and will 

To mend us of vr dedis ill. 

And fall pe to fete. 25549 

If siTznes in vr hert be sene. 

Wit tere of ei mai was pam clene. 

And wit wanges wete, 25552 

pat ai mai be vr conforth mast, 

pe suetnes o pe haligast, 

Wit pi merci to mete. 25555 

COTTON 



Atte vndome. 

Squete ihe^s atte vnder-time, 
for our synne & no^t for pine, 
suffered a-boute pine hert, 
of iewes pat ware sa felle & strtnige. 
wip knotted skourgis harde & lange. 
dintis sare & smert. 

IT pat ilk time pat 1. of neyuen, 

pou sende pi hali-gaste fra heiuen. 

to pine apostles squete. 

pou sende vs lorde wip an wille, 

,to amende our didis ille. 

& falle pe to fete. 

^ If synnis in our hert be sene. 
pat we mai wasshe ham clene 
wip tere of eye sa wete. 
pat ay mai be our conforte maste 
porou squetnes of pe hali gaste. 
wip pi mercy to mete. 

FAIRFAX 



7H0n WERT scourged; send T7S WILL TO AMEND OrR DEEDS. OLfiANSB 1463 

OUR SINS WITH TEARS AND WET CHEEKS. 

m 

% 

Ju sclieu ])e lauerd vntil vs, 25526 
]Fat al to mekil has ben ynbuxs 
vnto \\ suete trace, 25528 

And giue vs lele schrift at hald, 
Of all vr sinnes neu and aid, 
For J)i suete grace. ci«rf les, back, ool 13 

fat na sin be sene vs on, 

At ])e mekil day of dome, 

QuoTi we er broght in place ; 25534 

fat we efter fat ilk day, 

Mai Hue wid ioy for euer and ay, 

Bi-for fi suete face. 25537 

[SJuete iera, at vndrin time, 
For vr sinwes, and noght for fine, 
fu sufl&id a-bute fi Lert, 25540 

Of iuus fat war fell and Strang, 
wid knotted skorges bard and lang, 
Dintes sare and smarte. 25543 

fat like time fat i neuen, 

f u sent f i bali gast fra beuen 

To fine apostlis suete ; 25546 

f u send vs, lauerd ! witt and will 

To mende vs of vr dedis ill, 

And fall f 6 to fete. 25549 

> . . . . •. 

Quen sinnes in vr berte er sene, 
wid ter of eie to dens f aim clene, 
And wid wanges wete, 25552 

fat ai mai be vr comfort mast, 
f e suettnes of f e bali-gast, 
wid f i merci to mete. 25555 - 

G6TTINGEN 



1464 AT MIDDATy JESU8 LAT 05 THV OBOSS; TAKS UB, LORD, IS THT IBB 
HEAL US WITH THY HEDIOINBj XAKB US BBADT TO RECJaYE THE HOLT 8FIBE 



IT At middai ihera wit mild mode, 

f ou spred J>i "bodi on fe rode. 

To drau us all to heuen ; 25558 

]>at ilk time lauerd 1 ]>ou wild 

Tak flexs o )>at maiden mildy 

Thorn an angel steuen. 25561 

Beceiue, lauard ! me and ma, [ooi. i] 

In to fi suet armes tua, 

]»at er bright and scene. 25564 

Lauerd ! fon hele wondes mine 

Wit ]7i suet medicine, 

Grant foi it sua bene. 25567 

Mak yr bodijs fair and chast, 

For to receiue Je haligast, 

"Wit hert god and clene ; 25570 

fai we mai clene all cum to ])e, 

Jyar |)ou sittes in trinite 

And ioi es euer sene. 25573 

IT Suete iesu ! at time o none, 

fan J)ou was on rode done, 

And had sufferd pine ; 25576 

)>ou fsX wat mightes mast, 

Vte of pi bodi pou gaf pe gast, 

In pat nk time. 25579 

pat ilk time til heuen stei pou, 

And quicked vr hertes, suete ie^u ! 

Al luuelili pou vs lere , 25582 

pe to luue wit sothfast rede, 

To haf mining o pi dede 

pat pou boght sua dare. 25585 

pi pines in vr hertes write, 
par we gang and par we sete, 
To-quils we be here, 25588 

COTTON 



Atte midday. 

Atte midday ihesua wij) mildeno^ 
pou spred pi bodi on ye rode 
to dragti us alle to heiuen. 
pat ilk time lorde vn-filde. 
pou toke flesshe of pat maidin milde 
porou pine angel steiuen. 

IT Eesceyue lorde me & ma. 
in-to pi squete armis twa. 
pat ar sa brijt & shene 
lorde J)ou hele woundis mine, 
wip pi squete medicine, 
grante atte hit squa bene. 

^ IT make our bodis faire & chaste, 
ay to resceyue pe haligaste. ciirmt 
wip herte gode & clene. 
80 pat we mai come to pe 
fer pou sittis in trinite. 
& ioye is eyuer sene. 

Atte none. 

Squete ih^^us. at time of none, 
quen pou was on fa rode done. 
& had sufferred pine, 
pou pat wate of mi^tis maste. 
out of pi bodi pou gaf fe gaste 
in pat ilk< time. 

IT pat ilk* time to heiuen stey. pou. 

& quicked our hertis squete ihera. 

& loueli did vs lere. 

pe to loue wip sopfast rede. 

& to haue mening* of J?i dede. 

atte pou bojt squa dere. 

IT pi pinis in our hert pou write, 
pat for our synne we may site 
quen pat we ar here. 

FAIRFAX 



JkT NOON, JBSUS (JAVB UP THE GHOST, AND ROSE TO HEAVEN; LORD, THOU 1465 
TAUGHT US TO BEAR THT DEED IN HIND j WRITE THT SORROWS IN OUR HEART. 



[A]t midrday iestts wid nud mode, 
fn spied fi bodi on fe rode, 
To draa vs all to heuen ; 25553 

^t ilke time lauerd ! ]>u wild 
^ake fles of fat mayden mild, 
Thoru an angel steuen. 25561 

Beciue ]7U, lauerd ! me and ma 
Into )>i suete aimis tua, 
yat er sua bright and schene. 25564 
Lauerd ! )>u hele all wondes mine 
idd fi suete precius medicine, 
Giant fat it sua bene. 25567 

^u make yi bodis fair and cHast, 

Ai to leceiue ])e baK gast, [coi. 2] 

wid herte gode and clene ; 25570 

'^at we mai clene cum to ]>e, 

]»ar )m sittes in tiinite 

And ioyes euer sene. 25573 

[iVbow.] 
[S]uete iesn ! at |)e time of none, 
^n ]ni was on lode done, 
And suffiid bard pine ; 25576 

fxk ])at es of migbtes mast, 
Tte of fi bodi ]>u gaf fi gast. 
In >at like time. 25579 

In jMit.ilko time to beuen stei pu, 
And quickened yi bertis, suete iesu ! 
All luueli fn vs lere 25582 

ye to luue wid sotbfast rede. 
And to baue mening of ]>i dede 
^t yxL bogbt sua dere. 25585 

^i pines in vr bert to write, 
^ai we gang and ]>ar we site, 
To-quilis ])at we er bere, « 25588 

GdTTINGEN 



1466 AT BVEN-SONG THOU WERT TAKBN FROM THE CROSS. OAST mOODSB^ 

ENVT AND ANOERy OUT OF OUR THOUGHTa 



]>at we omang ]7at ilk trun 
]>at senies ihe^ godd sun, 
Mai be felau and fere. 



25589 ]>at we mai wij? fsL ilk wone. 
])at serais iheras goddis sone. 
25591 & be felaw & f ere. Pfo»«ri^a4n«««4 



IT Suete ie^ ! Jat laucrd es, 

])ou gaf sight fi blod and flezs, 

At euen-sanges time, 25594 

In pat ilk time was tan 

Dun ]>e cros in flexs and ban, 

Als it me mai mene. 25597 

Do wickednes vte of vr thogbt, 

And feluni ])at gains nogbt. 

And envie and tene ; 25600 

])at we mai tak pat ilk flexs, 

Lauerd ! if J>i will it es, 

Wit bodi and hert clene ; 25603 

And pat it be vr warantise, 

On domesdai quen pou sal rise, 

Al pis werld to deme. 25606 



IT Suet ie^u ! al par pou stode, 
^pi suete bodi in flexs and blod, 

At time O COmpli. Pleaf 142, back, col.l] 

For dred o pat bitter ded, 

pat pou sufferd for al man-hed, 

pi bert was wel sari. 25612 

pat ilk time par was pou wonden, 
Laid in sepulcre and noght funden, 
Wit martirs pat pe soght, 25615 

pou clens vr hert o soru and care, 
And giue us ioi for euer mare, 
pat pou us vnto boght. Amen. 25618 

COTTON 



at enin gauge. 

Squete ihe^us fat lorde is. 
pou gaf sijt of pi blode & flesse. 
atte euen-sange time. 
& pen ihe^us pou was tane. 
fra of pe crosse in flesshe & bane 
in hali writte we rime. 

f do wikkednes out of onr fojjk 

& felonie pat gainis 1103^ 

and enuie & tene. 

pat we mai take pat ilk flesshe 

lorde if pi will it^ is. pM8.waB% 

wip bodi & hert clene. 

& atte hit be our warantisa 

on domesday quen we salle rise. 

alle pis werlde to deme. 

Atte Complin. 

Squete ihesus per J>ou stode. 
pi squete bodi iu flesshe & blod( 
atte time of complin, 
lorde for pat bitter dede 
at pou sufferred for our manhede 
on vs lorde pou myn. 

IT pat ilk time per was ]>ou wondin, 
laide iii sepulture & nojt fondin 
wip maris atte pe so^t, 
pou dense our hert of sorou & care 
& gif vs pe ioye for euer-mare 
pat pou to vs has bojt. 

FAIRFAX : 



>Mt COMPLIN TIME, THT HEiLRT WAS HEAVY WITH DREAD OF THE 1467 

. BITTERNESS. 

jiat we a-mang j)at ilk throni 25589 

^t seruis iesus, goddes sun, 

Mai be felau and fere. 25591 

[Even-^ong.'\ 

[Sjuete iesii ! fat lancrd es, 

fxi gaf sight of pi blod and fleas, 

At euen-sanges time, 25594 

yat Uke time pu dune was tane 

Of pe rode in fles and bane, 

Als it me mai mene. 25597 

Do wickenes vte of vr thogbt. 

And feluni pat gaines nogbt, 

And envie and tene ; '25600 

f&t we mai take pat ilk fles, 

LaUi^rd I if fi will it es, 

wid bodi and herte clene ; 25603 

And ]>at it be vr warantise, 

On domes day queti we sal rise. 

And pxL piB werld sal deme. 25606 

[CompUnsJ] 

tS]uete legfL I all far fu stode, Pj^! i?* 
fi saete bodi in fless and blode. 
At pe time of compleie. 25609 

; : For drede al of fat bitter dede, 
fat f u suflred for all manhede, 
fi bett was ful sarie, 25612 

fat ilk time far was f u wonden. 
Laid it sepnlcre and nogbt funde72, 
wid marijs fat fe sogbt, 25615 

f u clens vr bertes of soru awd care, 
And giue vs ioy for eiiermare,. 
fat fa Ys to bogbt. Amen. 25618 

GdTTINGEN 



1468 THB FIBST JOT, OABRIEL's MESSAOK TO XABT : THE BBOOND JOT, HO 

BIRTH OF JESUS. 





\A Song of the Five Joys of Our LadyJ] 

' [H]Aile be Ju man maiden bright I [» leaf i», ool i] 25610 

))a teche me |)e wais right, 
I am a sorful dreri wight, 25621 

als ))u mai se, 
Quer i sal in ]7e hard pine of hel be; 25623 

[M]i sinful saule sighes sare, 

Lined i haue in sin and care, 

Leue i wil and do na mare, 25626 

mi leued fre. 
Saul and bodi, lijf and dede, bi-teche i ^ 25628 

far ])u lay in fi bright boure, 

Leuedi ! quite als leli floure, 

An angel com £ra heue . • • • 25631 

sant gabriel, 
And said, " leuedi 1 ful of blis, ai worth Je wel ! " 25633 

Stil })u stod, ne stint ])u noght, 

f u said til him fe bod word brogh[t], 

Al his wil it sal be wroght, 25636 

in his ancele. 
Leuedi bi-for J>i suete sun mak vs lele. 25638 

[))]e tofer icy, i wate it was, 

Als sun [it] schines thoru ]>e glas. 

Sua ert J?u leued wemles, 25641 

and ai sal be. 
Leued, for pat suete ioy, J?u reu on me. 25643 

[>]e thrid ioy, i vnderstand, 

Thre kinges com of thrin land. 

To fal j?i suete sun til hand, 25646 

and gaf him gift. 
Mir, reclis, and gold red, als it was right. 25648 

GOTTINGEN ONLY 



third joy, the gifts op the three kings : the fourth joy, 1469 
Christ's resurrection : the fifth, mary's assumption, 

Je king was riche, Jje gold was rede, 

J>e reclis fel til his goddhed, [coi. 2] 

Mir to man fat sal be dede ' 25651 

for vr sake. 
Leuedi ! to pi suete sun at ane vs make. 25653 

Jje feird, it es al thoru his grace 

Quew he fra dede to lijf ras, 

Qnen he sua hard suongew was 26656 

on rode tre ; 
Leuedi ! of vr sinwes al J)u make vs Ire. 25658 

[))]e fijft, fu was til heuew broght, 

J)e iuus fe soght and fand ])e noght, 

Als ])i suete sun it wroght, 25661 

almighti kiwg. 
Leuedi mari ! be vr helpe at vr ending. 25663 

Leuedi ! for J>i ioies fine, 

J>u kid J>i might a/id help vs suith, 

Leuedi mari ! moder o liue 25666 

wid flur awd fruit. 
Hose and leli pvL sprede ay wide, and helpe pi suite. 25668 

Leuedi mari ! wele pu wast, 

pe feindes fraistes me ful fast, 

wele i hope i sal ]>aim cast 25671 

thoru might of J>e. 
Qaen i neuen ])i suete nam, i ger palm fle. 25673 

]>ir iois er said als i can sai ; 

Mi site, mi soru, i cast away, 

Nu help me leuedi wele p\x may, 25676 

and be mi spere. 
Fra pe har pain of hell pM me were. 25678 

All pat singes pia sang, 

And all pat ligges in paines Strang, 

J)U lede faim right far fai ga wrang, 25681 

and haue merci 
On all pat trous pat godd was bom of f e, fair leuedi ! 25683 

gottingen only 



1470 OOD PUT MAN TO DWELL IN THE WORLD; HB FELL TO HELL, BUT 4 
SON BOUGHT HIM OUT BT HIS DEATH. ALL WHO ABB BAPTIZED OB BE 



De oonfesgione CrisA D ^mim, ooi. i] 

* [DJriglitm dere I wit blisf ul beildes, 
])at all ])e werld wit wisdom ledea. 
And all fat quilum was bot noglit, 
]»oa has to serekyn schaping wroght. 
And taght it man ]>ar-in to dnell, 
fat frelli fra fi frenscep fell, 25689 
For-]>i forbot fai sait sua bei, 
fe quilk he brak^ls sott vnsly, 
And dempt was for his breking 
To pin of hell and his oxspring ; — 
fovL lete |)i der sun si])en sell, 25694 
For to bring man vte of hell, 
"Wit his ded he boght again, 
Vr sauls fat wit sin war slain, 26697 
Jat alle fat cristen law wald bald, 
f ai suld be o pi merci bald, 
To-houen be in hali funtstane, 25700 
And hald fair lagh fat f ai had tane, 
f ou wil f am bom vnto fi blis, 25702 
All aght to loue f e lauerd for f is. 
Bot sif en has kyd f i me?'ci mare, 
To man-kind for to cast o care, 25705 
fat if he sin on ani wise, 
Wit scrift and penance mai he rise. 
For penance is fat tof er bord, 25708 
fat fletand flittes man oner ford, 
Quen schippe is broken oght wit sin. 
It schal him hauen of merci win, 
For far es namle bote o tuin, 25712 
Mai bring man vte of bale and sin ; 
f e first es baptim o fir tua, 
f e tof er Hue in penance thra, 
For king fat all craftes can, 25716 
Sua gamli has f ou graithid for ma??, 

COTTON 



A predicaoioun of fe flEtif . 

Lords dere wif blisful beldis 
fat al f is werlde -with wi 
& alle fat sum time was bot no3t L^^ 
iche f ing< in hit gree hastow wio] 
& tSL^t hit man per-in to dwells 
fat sif en fra f i frenshepe felle 
fra f i forbode fat satte squa heje 
adam brak as man vn-sleje. 
& dampnid was for his bieking^. 
to pine of belle & his oepiing*. 
IT f ou lete f i dere sone sifen selli 
for to bring* man out of helle. 
& wif his dede he bojt againe. 
f e saulis fat wif syime ware shh 
fat alle fat cristen lag& walde ha 
f ai sulde be of f i mercy balde. 
IT to houin be in hali font-stane. 
& halde f aire lag& at f ai had tan 
f ou wille ham borou vn-to f i blis 
alle agh to loue fe lorde for f is. 
IT bot sif in f ou kid f i merci man 
til mankinde for to caste of care, 
fat if he synne on ani wise, 
wif shrift & penaunce mai he rise 
for penaunce is f e tof er borde. 
fat lietande fletis man ouer forde. 
IT quen ship is brokin wif mannis 
hit sal him hauin of mercy wynni 
for fat is nameli botis twin, 
mai bring* man out of bale of syn, 
IT f e first is baptim of f er twa. 
f e tof er life in penaunce fra. 
for king* fat al craftis can. 
squa godeli hastow graif id for ma 

FAIRFAX 



iymh HAVE HIS HEBCT. FENANCB IS THE PLANK WHICH FLOATS ONE 1471 
£:. OVEB A FORD, THE SHIP TO BRING ONE INTO THE HAVEN OF HERCT. 



- [A Prayer to God the Fathei',"] 

[D]rightm dere ! wid blisful beildes, 
-. . fatalfiswerldwidwisdowweildis, 
;. And al fat (]uibxm was bot noght, 

i^ To serkin schapp ]?am has pu wioglity 
J And taght it ma» ])ar-in to duell, 
1^' fotfoli fra J)i frenschip fell, [» if i«9, bk, d. i] 
*[For))i] far bot fat satt sua hei, 
^ quilk he brae als sott vnslei, 25691 
And denied was for his breking 
To pine of hell and his ospring ; — 

- yoi lete J)i dere sun sifen fell, 

: Forto bring man vte of hell, 25695 
wid his dede he boght again, 
yr sanlis fat wid sin war slain, 

. ^t all fat cristen lau wald hald, 
fai suld be of fi merci bald, 25699 
To-houen be in hali fontstane, 
And hald fair lau fat f ai baf tane, 
f u wil fai boru vnto fi blis, 25702 
All an to lane fe lauerd for f is. 
Bot sif en fa kid f i merci mare, 
To man-kind for to cast of [care], 
fat if he sin on ani wise, 25706 

wid schrifb and penance [mai he rise]. 
For penance es f e tof er [bord], 
fat fletand fiites man ou^ [^<o^]« 
Quen schip es brokin wid [sin]. 
It sal him hauen of merci win, 25711 
For far es namli botes tuin, 
Mai man bring vte of bale of sin ; 
Baptim es f e first of fir tua, 
fe tofer liue in penance thra, 25715 
For king fat alkin craftes can, 
Sua gamli.has fu graith for man, 

OdTTINGBN 



1472 BUT THOUGH WASHED BY BAPTISU WE BOON SOIL OUR 0HBI8M OLOIH; 
THBBB FOES, THE FLESH, THE WORLD, AND THE DEVIL; EVER EGG US ON TO SO; 



J>at J)ou wil neuer lat him for-far, 
Bot he will algat leue pi lare. 26719 
fou wasch ns £rst of adam plight, 
In funt quen we were cristen dight. 
Sua clene if we do pi wiss, 
It suld us bring til heuen hliss. 25723 
Bot J)of vr life last bot a quile, 
Vr crisuin clath ful son we fille, 
Thorn thre fas pat dai and night, [eoi. s] 
ISTe fines noght on vs to fight, 25727 
In sin all for to do us fall, 
Hony pBi bede and gif us galL 
per thre fas vr fiesch es an, 25730 
pe werld pat toper, pe thrid sathan, 
And be-tides oft |)at we 
Sin thoru eggyng o pia thre, 
pat we fra godd er worth be flemed. 
And for vr dede to hell demed. 25735 
To brek his lagh pat we ha taken, 
"Wit sin we haf him ])an for-saken, 
Bot yeit his merci es als ar, 25738 
ISTe wil he noght us thole forfar, 
Bot has he graunt us sU couenng 
Jat we mai come till his saghtling, 
pat es penance sothfast and schrifte, 
pat quen we fall vp mai us lifte. 
And pat noght ans allan, ne tuis, 
Bot quen we fall ai mai we ris ; 25745 
For es na man sa grot mai sin 
And he in time per-oi wil blin, 
And mak to preist his costes cuth, 
Wit reuth of hert and scrifte o mouth, 
pat he ne his merci has in hij, 25750 
If he haf hope in his merci. 
For mar it es his merci sene, 
]>an all pe siTines ]7at has bene, 25753 

COTTON 



^at ]>ou wil neuer late him f orfare 
bot he algatis wille leue ]>i lare. 
JM)U wasshis vs first of adam pUjt 
In fonte quen we ar cristin di3t. 
squa clene J>at if we deyed L-wis 
hit sulde vs bring* tH heiuen blis 
alle if our life last bot a quile. PMniil 
our crisome cla]) ful sone we file 
)>orou iij. fas ])at day & ni^t 
ne finis nojt on vs to fijt. 
In synne al do vs for to falle. 
hony ]>ai bede & giuis vb galle 
IT of peie iij. fas our flesshe is an. 
pe werlde pe toper pe J)rid sathan. 
& if squa be-tide atte we. 
synne ])orou egment of per pire, 
]yat we fra god ar wor]yi flemid 
& for our dide til helle demid. 
breke we his lagti ]yat we haue takin. 
wij) synne we him fen for-sakin. 
IT bot ^et his mercy is als are. 
he wil no^t thole vs forfare. 
bot he grante vs suche couering*. 
]7at we may come til his sa^tling* 
])at is penaunce so])fast & shrift 
fat quen we falle vp mai vs lift, 
& fat no^t anis allan e ne fries 
bot quen we falle ay mai we rise 
IT for is n a man sa grete mai synne 
& he per-oi in time wil blynne, 
& make to preste his giltis couf • 
y^ith ruf e of hert & shrift of mouf .. 
fat he ne his mercy ha[s in] hye, 
if he haue hope in his mercy, 
fore mare hit is his mercy sene» 
fen alle synnis fat has bene. 

FAIRFAX 



QOD WILL NOT SUFFER US TO BE LOST, BUT HELPS US TO GET RECONCILIATION. 1473 
PBNANOE AND SHRIFT AFTER CONFESSION TO A PRIEST WILL LIFT US OUT OF SIN. 

fat fu will neuer lat him for fare, 
Bot he ne wil algat leue pi lare. 
pvL wis vs first od adam plight, 25720 
In font qnen we er cristen dight, 
Sua clene fat if we deied, i-wis, 
It sold YS bring to heaen blis. 25723 
Bot fou VT lijf last bot a quile, 
Vr crismo dath ful sone we file, 
Thorn thre fas ]>at dai And night, 
[Ne] fines noght on vs to fight, 25727 
[In fin] ay for to do vs fall, [coi. 2j 

Hbni |)ai bede and giues vs gall. 
Of fir thre fas J)e werld es an, 25730 
vr fiess es ane oper, fe thrid sathan, 
And bitides of sua fat we 
Sin thou egging of fir thre, 25733 
fat we er wrogh fra god [be flemed]. 
And for vr sines to hell demed. 
we breke his lau fat we haf takin, 
wid sin haue we him forsakin, 
Bot 3eit his merci es als are, 25738 
He wil noght thole vs sua for-fare, 
Bot he vs grant has sus[taiiiing] . 
fat we may cum til his saghtling, 
fat es sothfast penance and [schrift], 
fat quen we Ml vp mai vs lift. 25743 
And fat noght anis allan, ne tuis, 
Bot quen we fal ai mai we rise ; 
For es no man sua gret mai sin 
And he in time f ar-of wil blin, 25747 
And make to preist his costes cuth^ 
wid reuth of hert and schrift of mouth, 
fat he ne his me?*ci has in hij, 25750 
If he haue hope in his merci. 
For mar it es his merci sene, 
]>an all fe sinnes fat has bene, 25753 
93 oCttingen 



1474 GOD HAS PROMISED THAT A SINFUL MAN TURNING FROM HIS WAYS SHALL Fl 

MERCY, AND CHRIST SATS THERE IS JOT IN HEAVEN OVXR A REPEXTTANT 8INH 

Or sal be to fe werlds end, 25754 or salle be to ]ye werldis ends 

To man fai will his sines amend. to man ))at wil his synne amende 

For na mar pan a spare in see^ for na mare ]7en a spare in see. 

Mai sin agains his merci be, 25757 may synne a-gaine his mercy be. 

And drightin self he has us het IT & god his seluin did vs hete 

Thoru pe muth of his prophet, J>orou J>e mijt of his prophete. 

Quen sinful man his wai will lete, quen sinful man his way wil lete 

He sal pe find of merci suete, 25761 he sal fe finde of mercy squete. 

And crist he sais pai mare ioi es & cfiste him-seluin sais mare ioj is 

Wit in pe curt of heuen blis, wip-in J>e court of heiue7» blis. 

Wit his angels wonand pare, wip hali angels wonande pare 

Of a sinful reuand sare, 25765 of a sinful rewande sare 

pan of a hundret lele of dede, pen of an hundre lele of dede. 

pat of penance had nexier nede. pat of penaunce has neuer nede. 

pou sinful, be pan war wit-all 25768 IT For-pi sinful be-war wip-aUe 

In wreche wanhop pat pou ne fall, in wrecche wanhope at pou nojt fal 

For i sal scheu pe samples fele ensaumple sal ^e here of me. 

pat warand may mi sagh for lele. pat sinful man mai glad be. 

IT man-slaghtertapoubeseingP^^]*''^^^' IT be man-slajter take pou bisening 

Bi sent dauid, pat dughti king, 25773 be saint dauid pat du^ti king* 

pat sackeles slogh his aune knight, pat sacles slogh his awen kni3t 

Al for his wijf, vri he hight, al for his wife vry he hijt. 

And was forgiuen him no for-pi 25776 & was for-giuen him no^t for-pi 

Thoru him pat well es o nierci. porou him pat welle is of mercy. 

IF Spous-breker be pat womman IF Spouse-breke take be pat wommai 

pat juus denipt for to stan, 25779 pat pe iewes demid for to stane 

Bot iesu. crist hir plight for-giue, bot ihesn crist hir pli^t for-gaue 

And lete hir Hue and merci haue. & lete hir line & mercy haue 

IF If pou reuer has ben Strang, IF if pou robber has bene strange 

Think o pe thife bi crist pat hang, pink on pe theuis be crist pot hange 

pat soght merci on pe rode, 25784 pat sojt mercy a-pon pe rode 

And iesvL crist him gaue ful gode. & ihe^u crist him gaf ful gode 

[ & suche was pe grace his 

pat he come ere to pa?'adis 

pen ani saule him be-fome 

no gap in fhe MaS.] pat eue?* was of moder borne. 

COTTON FAIRFAX 



ili GIVE YOU EXAMPLES. FOB XANSLAUOHTER, TAKE DAVID AND U HI All : 1475 
.TBBYy THE WOMAN CHBIST PABDONED : THEFT, THE ROBBEU UUNG WITH CHRIST. 

al be to Jje werldes end, 25754 
aan fat will in time amend. 
na mar ])an a spare in see, 
sin again liis merei be, 26757 
. drightin selaen has [vs het] 
ni fe muth of his prophett, 
n sinful maw his sin wil l[ete], 
3al Jje find of merci suete, 25761 
. crist him sais j)at mar ioi es 
in fe curt of heuen hlis, 
pe angels wonand ])ar, 
I, sinful reuand sare, 
of a hundreth lele of dede. 25766 



gOttjnobn 



1476 OTHER SINNEKS FORGIVEN IN HOLT WRIT ARE MART MAGDALENE, PETER, PAUl 
MATTHEW, AND ZAOHEUS. EVEN ADAM, JUDAS, AND GAIN MIGHT HAVE HAD MERC! 



Qaa sinful o ])air flexs has ben 25790 

|)at thine on marl magdalene. 

For alsuith als sco hir sin for-thoght, 

Crist hir til his merei broght. 25793 

II Monsuorn man to petre loke, 

pat thris on a night crist for-soke, 

Quen him for-thoght he weped ful sare. 

And crist merci was him yare. 25797 

IT If J)ou haf ben wrang werrur, 

Sant paule loke be pi mirrour, 

pa,i first was ensten men pai ban. 

And si])en apostel best of an. 25801 

])ou man ])ou has ben to couetus 

Abote werlds wining fuus, 

]70U loke matheu was first toller 

And si])en cristes gospeller. 25805 

IF Eiche man to-sauued be 

Mai tak ensample be sir jachee, 

ror-J)i es he wers fan a luu, 

J)at in his [merci] will mistru. 25809 

IT Had adam him wele bi-thoght 

Wit hu littel sinne he moght 

Haf couerd merci quen he fell, 25812 

Ne had he noght ben dempt to hell ; 

£ot for he merci asked nan. 

He was mad vr aller ban. 25815 

O judas and o caim als-sua. 

And o sli sinful manian maa, 

fat wines for fair mikel sin 25818 

Neuer to merci for to win, 

And suagat for fair wanhopping 

fai fall wit-vten vp-couering. 25821 

For es naman mai merci haue [coi. 2] 

fat wil noght ask and efter craue. 

Bot f ou ic haf his merci cald. 

Be naman for-f i to bald 25825 

COTTON 



IF qua sinful of f aire flesshe has ben 
fai fink on mari maudalene 
fat als squif e as hir synne for-fo3t 
crist hir til his mercy bro^t 
IT f ou sinful man to peter loke 
fat f ris on a ni3t his lorde for-soke 
quen him for-f 03t he weped sare, 
& criste* mercy was him ^are. 
IT if f ou haue bene wrange werponr 
f ou loke saint paule be f i mirour 
fat first was cristen mennis bane 
& sif en aj^ostel best of ane. 
IF f ou man fat has bene ouer conatoc 
a-boute f e wynning* to f i hous. 
Loke matheu was first toller. 
& sif in cristis gosspeler. 
IF Eiche men to saued be 
mai take ensaumple be jachee 
for-f i is he wers fen a iewe 
fat in his mercy wil no3t trow. 
II had adam wele him vmbi-f o^t 
wif how Htel speche he mo3t 
haue couered mercy quen he fello. 
ne had he no3t bene dampned to hel 
bot for he me?*cy askid nane 
for-f i he was our aller bane 
IF of ludas & of cayme alsqua. 
& of er sinful mani & ma. 
fat wenis for f aire mikil syn. 
til na mercy for to wyn 
1 & squa-gate for f aire wanhoping* 
fai falle wif -ou tin vprising* pifui,i>i 
for is na man mai mercy haue. 
fat wille no3t hope atte efter craue. 
IF Alle if I. haue his me?*cy talde. 
ne be na man for-f i to balde. 

FAIRFAX 



' NONE BE TOO BOLD, DEATH OVERTAKES ALL ; HE WHO DIES IN DEADLY 1477 
NOT HAVE MERCY. THEREFORE BETIMES WAJ3H THY SINS AWAY WITH SHRIFT. 



nger in his sake, 25826 

)pe o merci for to take, 
ne dos sua es he be-kaght, 
wat noJ)er dai ne naght 
rf ded p&t lenis nane, 25830 
f J)an sal be fra him tane, 
rs neuer an o ]7aa, 
id he mai ouer take, 
e aid, riche ne poure, 25834 
lis dint mai naman conere, 
h ]7at es al mai we se, 
in lijf pat mai him fle, 25837 
',am. he tas, or ar [or] late, 
be dempt in ]7at stat 
c es wroght xnisfunden, 25840 
1 his line be pat bunden. 
i naman mis-prais pe thing 
£ es broght to god ending, 
t es praised o neuer an 25844 
vick ending es tan. 
ate es penance to do 
a man grace es granted to, 
htwisnes o goddes wrak 25848 
mes o man sines tak ; 
I pat dees in dedli sin 
ill in bale, wit-vten blin, 
a we find ful redeli, 25852 
ne be tui'ned in-to merci. 
3ten man ! for-pi ta kepe, 
b pi sin noght wit pe slepe, 
suith als pou pe mai 25856 
ift pou wasch it al awai, 
lu pou sua pi prist red, 
L mai traistli bid pe ded. 
le penance on pe lay, 
d it efter pat pou mai, 25861 

COTTON 



to lye pe langer in his sake, 
for hope of mercy for to take. 
IF qua-sim dos squa is iuel ta3t. 
for he wate nauper day ne na^t. 
wip derfe dede pat leuis nane. 
quen his life sal fra him be tane. 
pat sparis neuer an of pa 
ille ne gode he may ouer ta. 
3onge ne aide riche ne pouer. 
a-gaine his dint may na man couer. 
how sop pat is alle mai we se 
is nane in life pat may him fle. 
& quam he takis or ere or ore late 
he sal be dampned in pat state 
pe quilk pat he pan is in fundin. 
& aUe his life be par-wip bundin. 
IF for may na man mis-praise pe ping* 
pe quilk is bro^t til gode ending*. 
& pat is praised of neuer an. 
pat in wikked ende is tane. 
for-pi is to late penaunce to do. 
quen na grace is graunted to. 
bot ri3twisnes of goddis wrake 
sal settenes of mannis synnis take, 
for qua pat deys in dedeli synne. 
salle dwelle in bale wip-outen blyn. 
& squa we finde ful redely, 
bot dome be tumid in-to mercy. 
IT cristen man for-pi take kepe. 
& late pi synne no3t wip pe slepe 
bot als squipe as pou hit may. 
wip shrift pou wasshe hit al a-way. 
& folow pou squa pi prestis rede, 
atte pou may traiste be to pi dede. 
if pat he penaunce on pe lay. 
pou halde hit atte pou may. 

FAIRFAX 



lilS WITHOUT SHRIFT, NO CLEANSING FIRB CAN SCOUR THT SOUL; BETTER HiT 
FBNANCE HERE THAN SUFFER EVERLASTING FAIN, FOR THE SOUL CANNOT DIS. 



For J)at Jjou mai noght do to end 

To ending fir sal J)ou be send, 25863 

To duell far-til lie ful be driuen 

Forqiii fat J?ou was for-wit scriuen, 

Els inoght moglit na clensing fire 

f i saul skur to make it schirre ; 25867 

Bot suld it drei endles panance ^^[^^ 

fat neue?Tnar war of couerance, 

far has f i schrift sett end o pyne, 

fat elles war wit-vten fine. 25871 

And fat es a fair grace o blis 

fat crist has granted sua til his, 

fan es ful god penance to do, 25874 

To quiles vr time lastes f er-to, 

For better es here sum hard to drei, 

j>an far to thol f 1 saul to dei. 

A pine es far to thol harder 25878 

fan al fat we in flexs mai here. 

For drei ai mai f i saul paine, 

Eot neuer mare be fulli slaine. 

And f er-bi sais us sant austin, 25882 

Spekeand o thre manors o pine, 

" Man," he sais, " quin cuth f ou fele 

Hu pine o f is lijf sauure wele, 

And hu botesum it es to drei 25886 

fat lastes bot a littel wei 1 " 

And f ou cuth vnder-stand hu sare 

fat f e fire o clessing ware, 

Of al and al f ou wist hu snell 25890 

It es to drei f e paine of hell, 

How hard it es, and vntholand, 

And hu wit-vten end lastand. 25893 

For-suth i wat f ou wald ful fain 

Chese f e to thol first pain, 

And bede to f e first o f aa 

fat f ou moght flee f e ofer tua. 25897 

COTTON 



for fat f ou may no3t do til ende. 
to clensing fire saltow be sende. 
to dwelle f e?'-tille hit ful be driaen. 
for-quy fat f ou was be-fore shriuen, 
ellis mu3t na clansing< fire 
f i saule skoure to make hit shire 
bot hit sulde drey endeles penamice 
& neuer sulde come to recoueraunoe 
fer has f i shrift sette ende of pine 
fat ellis-ware wif -outen fine. 
& fat is a. faire grace of blis. 
fat criste has graunted squa til his 
fat is gode penaunce to do. 
to-quilis time per lastis to. 
for better is here sum harde to drey, 
fen per to thole f e saule dey. 
IF f er is a pine to f ole hardere 
fen alle fat we in flesshe mai here 
for dreye ay mai f e saule paine 
bot neuer mare be fully slaine. 
& per be sais vs saint Austine. 
specande of iij. nianers of pine. 
IF Man he says quyne couf f ou fele 
How pine of life sauours wele. 
& how botesum hit is to dreye. 
& is bot shorte wif -outen leye. 
& f ou couf vnderstande how sare 
atte f e fire of clensing* ware, 
of alle & alle f ou wiste how snelle 
hit is to drey f e pine of helle. 
how harde hit is how vnf olande 
& how wif-outen ende lastande. 
IF for-sof I. wate f ou walde ful faine 
chese f e to f ole f e first paine. 
& bede f e to f e first of fa. 
fat f ou mu^t fie fa of er twa. 

FAIRFAX 



NE CAN ESCAPE SIN, ALL THEREFORE OUGHT TO SHRIVE THEMSELVES, 1479 
BW KNOW HOW TO DO IT WITHOUT TEACHING, THEREFORE I WRITE THIS BOOK. 



( na man sinful mai flee 25898 
\ ne most an drei o fir thre, 
man liuand in fis lede, 

penance fat hen has ned ; 
in mai lijf wit-vten sin, 25902 
jht luue scrift and tar in. 
►r i find fone in fis lijf 
n wele J?am-selue7i serif, 
3 yong and aid men, 25906 

c dai neu ar to ken^ 
L f am-self cari sai nathing 
ii ha first a sermoning ; 25909 
)at me think war littel ned, 
aght knaw far aun ded, 
)uruai fam wit als bare 25912 
for to sai ar f ai com fare. 

haf i worght f is bok hir [coL 2] 

f e lend men to lere, 

ft-sith will gar it rede, 25916 

jh o scrift it will fam lede ; 

ight man for to hald it dere 

jrecius wit-vten pere, 

3 consail bath god and lele, 

i for man saul hele ; 25921 

lul has na mak o pris 

jht to kepe it fat ar wis. 

and son and haligast, 25924 
L praier o fat maiden chast, 
hus his grace sua to be-gine, 
e mai end her wit-vten sine 
li wark j tak on hand ! 25928 
ma to man at vnder-stand 
mai to f i erand wail, 
mt i tine noght mi trauail. 25931 



for is na sinful man mai fle. 

fat he ne must an dreye or fre. 

IF Is na man liuande in f is lede. 

to do penaunce fat he ne has nede 

syn nane mai line wif-outin synne 

al agh loue shrift & ende f er-in. 

bot for L fele in f is liue. 

fat can no3t wele ham-seluin shriue 

baf of 3onge & aide men. 

fat ilk day new ar to ken. 

fat of ham-self con say na f ing*. 

bot f ai haue first a sarmoning*, 

& fat me fink ware litel nede 

ilkan agh knaw f aire awen dede 

& puruay ham wif al f ing* fare 

quat to say or f ai come fare. 

f er-fore I. haue WT03t f is boke here 

vnto f e lawed for to lere. 

^qua fat oft-sife wille gere hit rede 

to lagh of shrift hit wille ham lede 

for-f i man agh to halde hit dere 

& precious wif-out-in pere. [Meaf 112] 

fat giuis counsaile baf gode & lele 

& namli for mannis saule hele. 

IF sin saule hit has na make of pris. 

alle agh to kepe hit fat is wise. 

fader & sone & haligaste 

f orou praier of fat maidin chast 

sende vs grace squa hit be-gynne 

fat we mai ende hit out of synne 

f is hali werk* I. take on hande. 

& squa to man atte vnderstande. 

fat hit mai his saule a-vaile. 

& I. no^t tine alle my trauaile. 



COTTON 



FAIRFAX 



1480 IP WE SIN THREEFOLD OUR SHRIFT MUST BE THREEFOLD ; SIM IN THOWffl 
IN WILL, AND WITHOUT AMENDING. THREE TOKENS OF THESE SINS IN THE GOSPB 



[Tliree nieana of penance, "] 

Qua rightwis penance wil bigin, 25932 

He sal haue thinges thrin wit-in, 

Beuth ]7at es, forthincing sare, 

And scrift to mak o muth al bare, 

And buxum beting o misdede ; 25936 

Ilkan fiv thre of o))er has nede. 

And far es resun sett for-qni 

For man he siranes threfaldli, 25939 

Jjat es in thoght, in word, in wark, 

Als Jerome sais, fe god clerk ; 

And for we sin on maners thre, 25 9 42 

Vr scrift aght thrifald for to be. 

])e first sin fals in thoght 

Es quen we think on iuel oght, 

f e toJ)er it es to-held far-till, — 25946 

fe first was thoght wit wicked wiU 

And wit foluing to f al in dede, — 

pQ thrid es wers of alle we rede. 

To lig and lit vs in vr sake, 25950 

And sifen wil na mendes make. 

fir thre be takens thre-suw fat we 

Red and in f e gospell se, 

fat crist al ras fra ded to lijf 25954 

Omang his mightes fat war rijf ; 

f e first a man we find of-redde 

At ham was liggand in hir bedde. 

And SCO be-takens sin o thoght ; 

f e tof er was a chilld broght 25959 

Vnto fe yate o fat cite, [leaf 144, back, coi.ij 

And sin o worde bitakens he ; 

f e thrid was la3arMS fat lai 25962 

Stinkand in graue f e ferth dai. 

And bitakens al nr sin 

fat we wit ciistu??i ligges in. 25965 

COTTON 



howman agh to shrine him fre^dlfl 

aUArijtwisepenauncewilbe-gyniK 
ho sal haue f ingis wif him fzin 
reuf fat is for-f inking sare. 
& shrift of mouf to make al bare. 
& buxum beting* of misdide 
ilkan of per f re til oper has nede. 
& f «?• is resoun sette for-quy 
for man him synnis f re-faldeli. 
fat is in. f ojt. worde. & werke, 
als lerom sais f e gode clerk*. 
& for wo synne on maners f re. 
our shrift agh f refalde for to be. 
IT f e first synne vs fallis in f ojt. 
is quen we fink on iuel 03t. 
f e tof er is to helde f er-tille. 
fat first was f 03t wif iuel il wille. 
& wif folowing* to falle in dede 
f e f rid is wers of alle we rede, 
to lye & maynteine ay our sake 
& sif in wil nane amendis make. 
IF per iij. be-takenis tresoun fat we 
redande in f e gosspel se. 
fat crist him raised fra dede to life 
a-monge his mi3tis fat ware rife 
a maidin fat dede was in hir bedde 
als be-fore I. haue 30U redde 
& ho be-takenis synne of f ojt 
f e tof er was a childe was bro3t. 
vn-to f e 3ate of f e cite 
& synne of worde be-takenis h[e ?] 
f e f rid was lazarus fat lay. 
stincande in graf f e iiij. day. 
& fat be-takenis al our synne. 
fat we wif custome lien. in. 

FAIRFAX 



CONTRITION SHOULD HAVE 3 DEGREES ; IT BRINGS TO THE SOUL*S HEALTH, 1481 
B, THOUGHT, AND FEAR OP THE LORD. THY BED SHOULD BE WET WITH TEARS. 



h and contricion al es an, 25966 
niing for man sins es tan 
god will man scnft to mak, 
penance for his plight to tak. 
))is we find o commandment, 
u prophet in J?e aid testament, 
thrifald aght J)is soruing be, 
t es sett in stages thre, 25973 
r, for we haf don o-mis 
a Mm fat vr lauerd es, 
rer, for we mad him wrath 
rroght US and vr fede bath, 
r bitterest, for fat he 25978 

t us apon J?e rode tre, 
night of vr wyfer-win 
)ittemes of hell pin. 25981 

lakes contricion thre thinges 
aan till his thinking bringes, 
m. pat man thinkes of his sinnes, 
ht and J?ar-of first bigiwnes, 
ng of his solin sake, 25986 

dred of last dai o wrake ; 
)1 of fat land o blis 
astes ai wit-vten mis, 
wrething of fat fader dere 25990 
nx)ght vs quen we noght ne were, 
oful man fat wil ha quert, 
scht him do ha reuth in hert, 
iuth agh and i-f ew be 25994 

will to scrife and mend ai f e. 
3ar fin sakes to for-thingk 
oru thorn fin hert sink, 25997 
>ou mai sai al wit f e prophet, 
weping mas mi bed al wet, 
las me ben in stede o fode, 26000 
in has mad me soruful mode." 



COTTON 



[' MS. hat a tmall r for 



Peuf & contricioun al is an. tj^q^ 
& sorou quen f ou f i synne has 
wif gode-wiUe f i shrift to make. 
& penaunce for f i synne to take. 
& f is we finde of comandement. 
f orou prophecy in f e aide testament. 
IF & f re-falde agh f is sorowing* be. 
for hit is sette in stagis f re. 
bitter for we haue done amis, 
againis him fat our lorde is. 
bitter for we made him wraf . 
fat wro3t vs & our fode baf . 
alder bitterest for fat he 
bo^t vs on f e rode tree, 
fra iiii3tis of our wif e7*-wine. 
fra bitternes of hel pine. 
IT contricion makis iij. f ingis. 
fat til hele of saule man bringis. 
wif f o^t. & care he first be-gynnis. 
& shame fat him fink of his synnis 
alsqua hit makis him vnder-take 
of domis-day of fat wrake. 
& to fink of fat lande of blis 
fat lastis ay wif-outen mis. 
& wraf f ing* of fat fader dere 
fat wrojt vs quen we no3t were, 
f e sinful man fat wil haue quert 
\er sulde make him haue reuf in hert 
fis reuf agh hale <& If in bo. 
wif wille to shriue & mende f e 
squa sare f i synnis to for-f ink* 
fat sorou may f orou fine hert sink? 
atte f ou may say wif f e prophete. 
my weping* makis mi bed al wete. 
fat has me bene in stede of fode. 
my synne has made sorouful mi mode 

FAIRFAX 

reuth, hut a large red p.] 



1482 REPENTANCE OUGHT TO MAKE US BURST WITH SHAME AT OUB WICKEDSOB; 
IT BREAKS THE BONDS OF SIN, THE FIEND, AND HELL, LIKE SAMSON, 



Aud jter-hi sais vs sant daui, 26002 
" Lauerd," he sais, " ic am redi 
For to thol f i castiment. 
Mi soru es euer me redi ment." 26005 
fe werkes o fis reuth we mai [coL q 
Bi werkes of it-seluen sai. 
It es sinful man a sare 26008 

He can noght wit him-seluen spare, 
And it agh be sa selle wonder 
Ala fof his hert him brest in sunder. 
For anger, and for schame, and tene 
J)at we sua wicked men has bene ; 
])arfor agh sinful man and wijf 26014 
On J)is maner pair hert to rijf, 
And stand it if it nede to be 
Wit thom, glaiue, nail, wit al thre. 
Wit quUk fat crist for us was stongen 
Efter he was wit skurges suungen. 
])is reuth es like a castand gin, 26020 
Scailand a hepe es samen o sin 
pat stud bi-tuix us als a wall. 
And drightin, pat has wroght us all. 
It brekes als pe findes band, 26024 
And harls sinful of his hand. 
Of hell it harus heiis pe hard pn'sun 
pat fend had made to sinful bun, 
And stalworthli it dos to stint 26028 
pe findes o pat pai do ha mint. 
Als samson, pat first tint his hare 
And of his strenght was mad al bare, 
Was don in pn'sun als we find, 26032 
Bath was geldid and mad blind, 
Als he couerd sipen his fax. 
His strengh wital began to wax, 26035 
He schok tua postes pe hus to fall 
His fas, he slogh him-self wit-all. 

COTTON 



& par-bi sais vs saint dauj. 
lorde he sais I. am ledy. 
for to polo pi chastiment 
mi sorou is euer me redi ment. 
H pe werkis of pis rupe we may. 
be werkis of hit-seluin say 
hit is of sinful man a sare 
he can no^t wip him-selain spare 
^& hit agh be sa selcoup wonder, 
rijt als his hert brak* in sunder pif uSttt] 
for anger & for shame & tene 
pat he squa wikked man has bene 
par-fore agh sinful man & wife 
on prin maner paire hert to rife. 
& stangin hit if nede to be. 
wip thome naile & glaiue pat he. 
in mani place was wip stungjn. 
efter he was wip skourgis squongin 
pis reup is like a castande gin 
scailande a hepe is sammin of sjnne 
pat stode bi-twix vs alle a walle. 
& god pat has wro3t vs alle 
hit brekis als pe fendis bande 
& harlis al sinful of his hande. 
IF of helle hit heries pe harde prisoan. 
pat pe fende has made to sinful boun 
& stalworp hit dos to stint 
pe fendis mi3t of pat he mynt. 
als sampsouTi pat first tint his hare 
& of his strenght was made al bare 
& done in prisouw als we finde. 
bap was he gelded & made blinde 
& quen he couered of his fax. 
pen be-ganne his strenght to wax. 
he brake twa postis in pe hal. 
his faes he slogh him-seluin w/tA-aL 

FAIRFAX 



SLEW HIMSELF IN SORROW AT HAVING LOST THE OIFTS OF HEAVEN. 1-I83 
?fIONS ARE DIVIDED WHETHER REPENTANCE WITHOUT SHRIFT IS SUFFICIENT. 



b of a penance es al plain, 26038 
his har has geten again, 
s qz^n he has couerd ])e seuen 
s o ]7e gast of heuen, 
Uk he had al forwit tint 26042 
3 can of his sinnes stint ; 
horu reuth he has o sin 
aai he schak ]7aa postes tuin, 
5t o flexs, o pride o lijfe, 26046 
is skakand don dos he drijfe, 
skail sua ^ai es of hell 
e most wit hinnseluen duell, 
slas him-self ])at he was are 26050 
wrathes nanman forf er mare, 
th clensses sanl o plight and sak, 
schildes man fra wafal wrake, 
sundres felauschipe fat was ^"}J' 
Lx fe saul and sathanas. 26055 
istli god again it winnes 
aan had forwit tint for sinnes, 
scortli he ne was hot tint 26058 
) ne had of his folis stint, 
h. fan makes f am him godssuTi, 
r wit hiTTi-self to won. 26061 

quet man fat has reuth allan 
he ne has serif t ^fdspyer man 
r he sal haf for-giuenes £^5^*^"*^®' 
ones fat he vnscriuen es, 26065 
18 set gain f is resun 
re men sere opinion ; 
, sais fat als f e sin es wroght 
j-fald, wit word, dede, and thoght, 
la has man nede of thrin 26070 
era for to bete fair sin, 
hot if it bete be thrifald, 
lis dede for noght es tald. 26073 

COTTON 



IT rijt f us of penaunce is al plaine. 
quen he his hare had gitin a-gaine. 
fat is quen he has couered f e vij. 
giftis of f e gast of heiuen. 
f e quilk he has be-for tint 
or he con of his synnis stint. 
IT now f orou ruf e he has of synne 
may he shake fa postis twin, 
of luste of flesshe of pride of life 
f is hous shacande dou7i dos he drife 
& scailis squa fat hous of helle. 
fat most wif him-seluin quelle. 
& slas him-self fat he was are. 
& be-comis new man forf cr-mare. 
IF rufe clensis saule of pli3t & sake 
& shildis man fra wraful wrake. 
& sundres felawshepe fat was 
bi-twix f e saule & sathanas. 
al gladli gode againe hit wynnis 
fat man be-fore tint for synnis 
hot shortli he fat was hot tint, 
if he ne had of his folis stint, 
rufe makis him goddis sone. 
& in heiuen wif him to wone. 

And quat man. hauis rufe allan - 
& he haue shrift f e quef 6r nane 
quef er he sal haue for-gifnes 
of synnis fat vn-shriuin is. 
per is sette againe f is resoun 
of mani a man opiniouT?. 
for sum sais als synne is wro3t. 
f refalde in worde & dide & f 03! 
alsqua has man nede of f rin. 
maners for to bete his synne 
& hot if hit be bette iij, falde. 
al his dede for no3t is talde. 

FAIRFAX 



1484 RBPBNTANOE IS NOT ENOUGH TO 0A1N FORGIVENESS WITHOUT THE OBACIOI 
CUBIST. CONFESSION TO THE PRIEST, WHAT IS IT, AND HOW SHOULD IT BE MAIttl 



Sam o|^ sais sin es for-giaen 26074 
Wit Tenth allan to man vnBcrinon, 
Bot pat es at yncUr-stand in-dede^ 
Q^uen sinful man es stad in nede, 
fat he mai nofer scrift cum to 26078 
Ne nan o]fer mendes do. 
Bot ]>ou sal not fe-queper vnder-tak 
J^at reuth allan forgiues pe sak, 
Bot crist him-self thoru reuth allan, 
pat inwardli in hert es tan, 26083 
For first be-houes pe grace be send 
pat man ha reuth and will to mend, 
Grace it es be-for cumand, 26086 
And 8i))en him folus luue neist hand. 
For qua ]yat grace has in him clore, 
Luuand es he wit-vteo were, 26089 
And reuth has he pot luuand es, 
And cums he sua to forgiuenes. 



pe to)7er pont es scrift o muth 2G092 
To mak to preistes vr costcs cuth, 
Of al vr plight to be vn-knaun, 
"Wit will to bete pat we ha schaun. 
And pat p'lB point be treu and Iclo, 
It falles fer-till thingcs fello ; 26097 
First ({uat es ]7is scrift ? to say, Ccoi. 2] 
QtuiT it nedewais be for nay, 
And BipQU of vr sinful sak 26100 
To quam we sal vr scriuing mak ] 
And ))an wo sal pe pointcs rede 
pat warrai scrifte al of has nedo ; 
And ))ar-wit-al sum questioned 26104 
We sal vndo J?o merk resons, 
And toll we si])on quilk ar paeL, 
pat (Iraus man scrift and penauco fra, 

COTTON 



IT Sum oper sais hit is for-giuen. 
vrip mpe allane to man vnshrioen 
bot pat is atte vnderHBtande in dide 
quen sinful man is stad in nede 
]>at he may mixiper shrift come to 
ne nane oper amendis do. 
bot j^ou salle no^t vnder-take 
])at TVLp allane for-giuis pe Bake 
bot crist him-self j^orou ru)>e allan. 
]>an in werldeli in hert is tane. 
for first bi-houis pe grace be sende 
j^at man haue ruj^e & wil to meude 
grace hit is be-fore comande. 
& Bipen him folowes loue next hand 
for qua ))at grace has in him clere 
louande he is wi|H)nten were 
& rouj) has he j^at louande is 
& squa he comis to for-giuenes. 

pe secTinde pointe of ihrift 

Pe toper point is shrift of mou^ 
to make to prest our synnis cou 
opinli liam to knaw. 
wif-out glosing^ truli to sbaw. 
& atte piB point be trew & lele 
bit fallis per-til ]}ingis fele. 
IT first quat is shrift to say. 
qucfer hit node-ways be or nay. 
IF & sipin of our sinful sake, 
to qt^m wo salle our shriuing make 
II & Jjon we sal pe pointis redo, 
pat vcrray shrift of has nedo. 
& f^r-wijj-allo sum questiouws. (i«rfiu 
wo salle vn-do pe mirk resouras 
& telle wo Bipin quilk ar fa. 
f <<t drawcs man shrift <fe penance fra 

FAHIFAX 



THE OPENING OUT YOUR HEART ; HE 18 UNHEALTHY WHO DOES NOT 1486 
FESS. CONFESS TO THE PRIEST, WHO HAS POWER TO BIND AND TO LOOSE. 



or to tell sum-thing fev neist 
])e mister falles o piist. 26109 
es opin scheuisg o breist 
Hi mad be-for pe preist, 
aes fat man min of mai, 
3s als mikes al for to say 26113 
mans bert an opening wide, 
an can scheu wit-vten hide, 
iful agh him serif nede-wais, 
rightin thorn fe prophet sais 
Ds to your lauerd your hert, 
riues it, to mak it quert." 26119 
sant iacob biddes alsua 
of of er vr scrift to ta, 
crist seK us sals in spell, 26122 
; will to here yur sin yee telL" 
iTznes \>at man es vte of hele 
3s noght scrift and penance lele, 
pat es soth j^e quils j^at he 
nan he mai to-scriue;} be ; 26127 
f he in suilk a nede be tan, 
3 ne get man bot curst an, 
an ])at renaid has his lai, 26130 
^h him ar to drau awai 
war at his ending ])are, 
dls him reu his sinnes sare, 
for-think his lang delaiance 26 1 34 
e f or-draun has his penance, 
li man riueli moght hi??* bring, 
Lstrouth and in mistrauing. 26137 



lam i sal ]7e tell here nexist 
Ed l^e serine, ]7at es to prist 
lam. vr lauerd has giue[n] poste 
to bind and als laus ])e ; 26141 

COTTON 



& for telle sum-J>ing« per neiste 
])at to pe mister fallis of prest. 

Shrift is opin shewing* of brest 
lagh-fulli made be-fore presto 
of synnis ))at man myn of mai. 
& is als mikil for to say. 
als of man hert an opini^ig* wide 
pB.t man can shew wip-outQii hide 
l^e sinful agh shrift nedeways 
-■ for god poTOVL pe prophete sais. 
opinis to jour lorde jour hert 
& riuis hit to make hit quert 
& saint Iacob vs biddis alsqua. 
ilkan of oper our shrift to ta. 
& criste him-self sais vs in spell e 
wip wille to bete joure syn 30 tel. 
IF pen semis pat man is out of helo 
pat dos nojt shrift & penance lele 
& pat is sop pe quilist atte he. 
has man pat he mai shriuin be. 
& if he squa hasteli be tane. 
pat he mai gete bot cursed man. 
or man for-sakin has his lay. 
he agh him ere to dragh a-way 
if hit ware atte his ending* pare 
to-quilis him rew his synnis sare 
& for-pink his lange daliaunce 
pat he for-drawen has his penance 
suche man peraunture mijt him b^ing* 
in mistrouj) & in mistrowing*. 

Shrift wip mouJ>. 

To quam I. salle pe tel here nest 
pou sal pe shriue pat is to prest 
to quilk our lorde has giuen pauste 
bap to binde & lausid be. 

FAIRFAX 



1486 IF TOU CANNOT FIND ▲ PRIEST, CONFESS TO A COMMON MAN, BUT A PBOn 
IS BEST : NONE CAN ASSOIL BUT THE POPE AND THOSE TO WHOM HE GRANTS FOWBL 



If |}ou mai no preist to wine, 26142 
]7us scau a lend man fi sine, 

[ 

• . . • . no gap in the M8.^ 
If J)ou be stad in suilk a nede ^coftf^ 
For nukel may J)e wail f is dede ; 
Bot writen we J?e quepei find 26148 
He mai f e nof er lese ne bind, 
For-qui fat kay es giuen to nan 
Bot preist p&t has fia order tan. 
pSLT-ioT man sal it bald in breist, 26152 
And sijjen scheu fis scrifb to preist ; 
pat if sua fall ))at man be ded 
Asoil and wirk his best red. 26155 
fe man pat scriuen and ded ])us es 
We hope he sal haue for-giuenes, 
For f e trouth and stabil fai 
p&t he was in in his last dai, 26159 
And for pe grace pat godd has giuen 
To man ))at yemes to be scriuen. 
Bot J)ou sal wijt pat preist es nan 
Mai al asolL bot pape allan, 26163 
He pat pouste has al plener, 
And vnder him his peiiance[r]. 
]7ir oper has all pa,T maistris sett 
pat J)am agh bald J)am in wit dede, 
Ne nan of oper has pouste 26168 

Bot it him elles granted be. 
For es na herd set for to kepe 
Wit right bot til his aun scepe. 26171 
For-fi qiien J?ou o scrift has nede. 
To J)i pariche preist J)ou pe bede, 
pat if ])ou in sli cas be tan. 26174 
pat he can consail giue pe nan, 
Jjou sal his leue haf and his will 
To scriue pe fan anofer till ; 26177 

COTTON 



& if f ou mai na prest to wynne 
f ou shaw a lawed man j>i syn 
or ellis til a-nofer clerk* 
him agh to curtaise be in werk* 
if f ou be stad in suche a nede 
for mikil mai pe vaile f is dede 
IT bot writin we pe quefer finde. 
he may pe naufer lause ne binde 
for-qui fat mi^t is giuen to nane 
bot prest fat has ordour tane. 
far-fore man salle hit halde i» biest 
& efterwarde shew hit to prest 
fat he mai if fat man be dede 
assoile & wirk* his best rede. 
IF f e man fat shriuen & dede f us is 
we hope he salle haue for-gifnes 
for f e trauf & stabil lay 
fat he had in his last day. 
& for f e grace fat god has giuen. 
to man fat 3ernis to be shhuin. 
IF bot f ou salle wite at prest is nane 
mai assoyle bot pape allane 
he fat pauste has plenere 
& vnder him his penauncere. 
f er of er has alle f aire maistris sette. 
fat fai agh halde ham in. wif dette 
ne nane of er has pauste. 
bot hit him elHs granted be 
for is na hirde sette to kepe 
wif ri3t bot til his awen shepe. 
for-f i to shrift quen f ou has nede 
to f i paresshe prest f e bede. 
IF & if f ou in suche cas be tane. 
fat he can consail gif f e nane. 
f ou salle his leue haue & his wille 
to shrine f e a-nof er tille. 

FAIRFAX 



B ARE CASES IN WHICH YOU MAY GO FROM YOUR OWN PARISH PRIEST 1487 
70THER ; SOMETIMES THE PRIEST MUST SEND YOU TO THE BISHOP FOR SHRIFT. 



if he be o leue to thra 26178 
al wit-vten his leue ga 
wijser to sceu ))i wond, 
kill has for to mak it sond.26181 
we find cases oJ)er amang 
ou mai til anofer gang, 
^i preist J)i scrifte to tell 26184 
L he es bath fra-ward and felL 
|}0U him haue don priue scath 
lim to scan Jjou wat war wath, 
)rath, a.nd druhkensum, and skald, 
telles in breth \>at him es tald. 
(s alsua a comun case 26190 

Ik preist may were he gase 
1 man serif t, asoil, and rede, [coi. 2] 
s quen man es in wath o dede. 
eke man agh na scrift be laid, 
\>\is gat o ])e preist be said, 26195 
crif t sceuid fan sal f ou driue 
»u war couerd to Hue. 
wat q7ie]>eT f ou bes hefen tan 
{)i penance i giue fe nan, 26199 
scrift sal mak fi saul scirre, 
penance thol in clenssing fire ; 
if j>at ]}ou mai line in chance, 
|>us, and fus, fou do penance, 
id far ar cases we writen find 
preist mai nofer lese ne bind 
iun scepe, hot sal he send 26206 
ischop for to his state amend, 
f ar-on first sal i f e lere 
iile fat sais on fis maner, 26209 
3 sin fat man has don, 
lertain pain es laid apon, 
mai be wit prof ouer-tan 26212 
agh mai thol forgiuenes nan, 

COTTON 



& if he be of leue to f ra. 

f OU salle wif -outin his leue ga. 

to a wiser to shew f i woimde. 

atte skille has to make hit sounde 

IT & if we finde of c?* casis a-mange. 

atte f ou mai til a-nof ^ ga^nge. 

fra f i prest f i shrift to telle 

quen he is frawarde & felle 

Ss f ou him haue done priue skaf 

fat him to shew f ou wate ware waf . 

& f ou hope in drunkinnes he waldo 

telle in wraf at f ou him talde. 

IF f e/* is alsqua a comunQ cas. 

fat ilk prest may quare he gas. 

here man shrift assoile in dide 

quen men is in perel of dede 

on sekeman agh na penaunce be laide 

bot f US-gate of f e prest be saide. 

Man suche penaunce sal f ou driue. 

if f ou tume vn-to f e Hue. 

^I ne wate quefcr fou bes heifin tan. 

for-f i penaunce I. gif fe nane. pif iis,bk] 

for crist saUe make f i saule shire. 

wif penaunce thole in clausing' fire 

bot if fat fou mai Hue wif chaunce 

f us & f us do f i penaunce. 

And f er is casis we writin finde 
fat prestis mai nauf er lause ne 
his awen shepe fen salle he sende L"^^® 
to bisshop for his state amende, 
& f 6r-a-pon I. sal f e lere. 
a rewle fat sais on fis manere. 
aUe f e synne fat man has done, 
fat certaine paine is laide a-pon, 
if hit may be wif proue ouer-tane 
fat lagh may thole for-gifnes nane 

FAIRFAX 



1488 IN CASK OF PUBLIC PENANCE, THE BISHOP MUST LAT IT; AS FOB ABmillBr, 
FALSE-WITNESS, MANSLAUGHTER, WITCHCRAFT, U8UBT, INJUBT TO RELATIONS, WO, 



Ala foT'fi ])at his ded es knaum26214 
His penance open most be schaun. 
For lagli will ]7at man opin plight 
Amended be in mans sight.^ [ims. fight] 
For writen es it he wrethes tua 26218 
His euen cristen, pe curst alsua, 
For bath gain man, man seis him wirk. 
And ))of skander haH kyrk. 26221 
And he \>at bath paii bleith has blend, 
A-gains bath be-hous him mend ; 
And ]7at mai nanwais elles be 26224 
Bot men his opin penance see ; 
£s na simple preist ])at mai 
Sli scrift on man bot biscop lai. 
Suilk siTines mai be sinnes all 26228 
Bot namlikest we mai ])am call, 
fa& ])at chapitil giues on dome, 
Als spous-brecking, and als hordom, 
And pat es don bi-tuix ])e sib ; 26232 
f e biscop agh J?aa for to snib. 
Fals wijtnes and trouth breking. 
Mans slaghter and hus brening, 
Wiche-crafb, and als okering, 26236 
And stelth fat es of halud thing ; 
])ir sinnes if pai cum to sight, [if i46, coL i] 
Jje biscop agh J?am for to right. 
fe topGT cas es if pi bame 26240 

For f i defaut be for-fame, 
Sum sais pou sal to biscop ga 
For to tak f i penance fra ; 
Alsua J)i lauerd if J?ou ha slain, 26244 
Or ben fi fader or moder ban, 
J)i sun, J?i sister, or )>i broJ)er, 
pat ilkan agh wit right to suffre ; 
Or laid on fader on moder hand, 26248 
To biscop dome Jjou agh to stand, — 

COTTON 



& ]}at for his dede is knawen. 

his penaunco opin moste be shawes. 

for lagh wil fat opin plijt 

amended be in mannis si3t. 

for wraff ed he has baf twa. 

his eyuen cristen pe kirk' alsqua. 

for baf againe man. men sagfi him wirk? 

Ss alsqua sklaundres hali kirk*. 

IF & he fat baf f aire blif has blende 

againis baf bi-houis a-mende; 

& fat mai na-wais elHs be. 

bot men his opin penaunce se. 

is na simple prest atte may. 

suche shrift on man bot bisshop laj 

IT suche synnis mai be synnis alle. 

bot namli we may ham calle. 

fa fat chapitels giuis on dome. 

als spousebreking* & horedome. 

& fat be-twene f e sibbe is done 

f e bisshop penaunce sal lay hbn on. 

fals witnes & trauf breking*. 

sla3ter of man & hous-brynnyng*. 

wicchecraft als & okering*. 

& stulth fat is of halghed f ing*. 

per synnis if f ai come to si3t. 

f e bisshoppe agh ham for to ri3t. 

IF f e tof er cas is if f i bame 

be f orou f i defaute for-fame. 

sum sais f ou salle to bisshop ga. 

for to take f i synne f e fra. 

IF alsqua f i maister if f ou haue slane 

or bene f i fader or moder bane. 

f i sone f i sister or f i brof er. 

fat ilkan agh to socoure of er. 

IF or laide on fader or moder hands 

to bisshop dome f ou agh to stande 

FAIRFAX 



3Ty TAKS CARB TOU SIN NOT TC^ITH YOUR OWN SHEEP, THE BISHOP MUST 1489 
VB THEM THEN. NOR CAN A SIMPLE PRIEST ABATE A PENANOB SET FOR SIN. 



i don neuer sa priueli, — 26250 
lui fi plight es owur vgli. 
rth point es noght ^e lest, 
in ])at menges him wit best 
bis flexs lust to ful-fiU, 26254 
al be sent fe biscop tilL 
ft, in kirk if fou ha don 
Lg fat has f i gift for-don, 26257 
reuelaick, hordom, or man slain, 
: for kyrk most be halud again. 
ixt case, ]70U preist ta kepe 26260 
sin not wit fin aun scepe, 
povL hir has to sin drinen 
>ou has oper houen or scriuen, 
^ mai hir fi scrift a-mend, 26264 
>ou hir mai til ofer send 
» fi scepe has na pouste ; 
scop most SCO scriuen be. 
per reule fou vnder-tak, 26268 
1 quen nede es for to slak 
itt penance fat es for plight, 
LI has simple preist na might, 
to slak fat penaAce, 26272 

vten biscop ordinance ; 
at f ou f is mai better knau 
mple sotht i sal f e scau. 
L o penance will fat qua 26276 
loder lijs or sisters tua, 
oghter, or qua reues man 
iun lele spoused womman, 
e fat slas his aun wijf, 26280 
gh be wijfeles al his lijf, 
lie be yong o suilkin state 
le mai wijf for here na-gate 26283 
o spous or purches : [ooi. 2] 

nai his biscop do him grace, 

COTTON 



[ 

no gap in the M8.] 

^ fe iiij. point is nojt f e leste. 
f e man fat meugis wif vnkindeH best, 
his flesshe luste to fulfille. 
of him f e bisshop mote say his wiL 
IF f e V. in kirk* if f ou haue done, 
f e f ing* fat has f e grif fordone 
als horedome or man slaine. 
quar-fore hit most be halghed a-gain. 
IF f e vj. cas f ou prest take kepe. 
f ou synne no^t wif fine awen shepe 
for if f ou hir has to synne driuen. 
atte f ou has auf ^* houin or shriuin. 
nauf er mai hir f i shrift amende 
ne fou hir mai til of er sende. 
ne of hir has fou na pauste. 
of bisshop moste ho shriuen be. 
IT A-nof er reule fou vnder-take. 
fat ay quen nede is for to slake 
f e penaunce fat is giuen for pli3t 
f 6r-to has simple prest na mi^t. 
for to abate ani penaunce. 
wif-outen bisshop ordenaunce. 
^ & fat fou f is mai better knaw. 
ensaumple sof I. sal f e shawe. 
lagfi of penaunce wil fat qua. 
bi moder lise or sisters twa. 
his do3ter or qua. reuis man. 
his awen lele spoused womman. 
or ho fat slas his awen wife 
him nane of er haue his life, 
bot he be jonge of suche state, 
fat he mai wife for-bere na gate 
auf er of spouse or of purchase 
fen mi3t his bisshop do him grace 

FAIRFAX 



1490 IF A PARISHIONER HAS LONG BEEN SINNING, THE PRIEST HAS DONE WHAT HI 
CAN, BUT OANNOT AMEND HIM, HE SENDS HIM TO THE BISHOP. IF THE FBIE8TJ01S8 (l 



Wijf to tak wijt.hir to lii\e, . 26286 

At he him al to hordom giue. 

And f is mai simple preist nan do 

Wit-vten biscop leue J)ar-to, 

Als f e hali canon vs sais 26290 

fat scrift on sere-kin sines lais. 

^ Alsua if f i parischen 

In sin lang has ligand bene, 

And f ou haf oft-sith laid might 26294 

His wrangwis liuelade for to right, 

And ]70u seis it mai noght auail 

For he ne will folu f i consail, — 

" Leif frend," agh J)ou til him sai, 

" I haue fe delt wit mani dai 26299 

For to bete pi sinful lijf, 

Bot nu i se na bote to strif^ 

For me to mend pi sin sa strange. 

I wat not quar-on it es lang, 26303 

Quejjer on mi plight or on pin, 

pat i ne mai do pe medicine. 

Or min vnconanscipe mai fall, 26306 

Bot pat i moght, i ha don all ; 

And sin i mai pe noght a-mend, 

I wil pe to pe biscop send." 26309 

And if pou seis he will noght sua. 

Sum bok sais pi-self sal ga 

To biscop for to scheu pi dede, 26312 

And folu his rede in suilk a nede. 

H Alsua pou preist, if pou ha ben 

In plight wit pi pariscen. 

In reuelaic, thift, or okering, 26316 

Fals marcliandis or suilkin thing, 

pou mai him noper scriue ne he 

Mai til anope?' be send fra pe. 

For pou pi right fordon has pan 26320 

pat pou first had wit in pis man, 

COTTON 



wife to take wip hir to Hue. 
or lie him alle to horedome giue. 
& pis mai na simple prest do. 
wip-outen bisshop leue per-to. 
squa sais lagh Canoun j>at is wise 
pat shrift on mani synnis lise. 
IF Alsqua if at pi parochin. 
in synne lange lyande has bene 
& pou has oft-sipe done pi ini3t 
his wrangewis liuelade for to rgt. 
& sese wille hit wil no3t vaiL D««fu<l 
for he ne wille folow pi counsail 
leue frende agh pou til him say. 
I. haue pe delt wip mani aday. 
for to lete pi sinful life, 
bot now I se na bote to strife, 
pou wille no3t mende pi syn strong* 
I. note quar-on pat hit is lange. 
queper on mi pli3t or on pine. 
I mai do pe na medecine. 
or mine unkunnandeshepe mai fal 
pat I. mi3t I. haue done alle. 
Ss sin I. mai pe no3t amende. 
I wil pe to bisshop sende. 
IF & if pou sese he wille no3t squa. 
sum boke saise atte pou salle ga. 
to bisshop for to shew pi dede. 
& folow his rede in suche a nede 
IF alsqua pou prest if pou haue bene 
in ani pli3t wip pi parochien. 
In reuelaic theft or okering*. 
fals marchandise or suche ping* 
pou mai him nauper shriue ne he 
mai tille a-noper be sende fra pe. 
for pou pi ri3t for-done has pan. 
pat pou first had wip-in pis man. 

FAIRFAX 



^, HE LOSES HIS JURISDICTION OVER HIS FELLOW SINNER. IP YOU HAVE 1491 
A VOW, NO PRIEST CAN UNLOOSE IT. THERE ARE 16 POINTS FOR TRUE SHRIFT. 



3tli fou suld seke man hale, 
giue him for to drinc duale. 
as his iurediction 26324 

o Jjis man al wit resun ; 
it him-self has tint his state, 
e mai till oJ?cr it translate. 
i has J?ou tint J?i right 26328 
man thoru J?in aun phght, 
J? on wit sin him draf to dede, ^j[ ^^^ j-. 
i es here na bettur rede 
D pi biscop for to gang, 26332 
til him scheu al J?air wrang. 
tent case if fat fou 
nad to god sum god a-vou, 
mple preist mai it vn-do 26336 
/ten biscop rede far-to. 
far es ofer cases slike 
in serekin biscop-rike, 
iscop til him-seluen sere 26340 
38 or til his penancer, 
eir Jjou salt to biscop ga 
for ofer i sal tel ma. 26343 

e es first ten pontes to scan 
o rekken here nestes on ran, 
L be-for agh we be tift, 26346 
il J?am saue wit sothfast scrift, 
J and reiiful, held, and treu, 
and schire, and oft at reu.26349 
and tumsum, propre, stedfast, 
est, Willi, buxum, sothfast, 
pontes has vr scrift al nede 
Lis and bute vs to sal bede. 26353 

. . . no gap in the MS,] 
nder-stand wit Jjis word den, 
mak clensing al be-dene, 26357 

COTTON 



as leche fat sulde seke man male 

& gif him for to drink his bale. 

he has his iuredicciou/i 

tint of fis man wif resou^i. 

IT he fat him-self has tint his state 

he ne mai til of er hit translate 

alsqua had f ou tint f is ri3t. 

of f is man f orou fine awew pli^t 

quen f ou wif synne him drafe to dede 

for-f i is here na better rede. 

fen to f i bisshop for to gauge. 

& til him shaw al ^oure wrange. 

IT f e tende cas is if atte f ou. 

has made to god sum gode a-vow. 

na simple prest mai hit vn-do. 

wif-outin bisshop rede f e7'-to. 

& f er is of er casis slike. 

sette in serekin bisshoprike. 

fat bisshop til him-seluin sere 

haldis or til his penauncere. 

for f er ^e salle to bisshop ga. 

& for of er I salle telle ma. 

Per ar xv. pointis to shaw. 
for to rekkin here next on raw. 
I salle vn-do ham euer-ilkan. 
f er ilk ar f ai fat I. haue tane. 
H Clene & reuful. hale & trew. 
opin & shire & oft atte new. 
wreiande tomsome propre stedefast. 
ernest willi buxum sof fast, 
of er pointis has our shrift alle nede 
fat blis & bote vs to sal bede. 
qua of shrift clanli wil shaw. 
alle f es pointis ware gode at knaw. 
T^ou vnderstande be f is worde clene 
J for to make clausing* al be-dene. 

FAIRFAX 



1492 GOOD SHRIFT REQUIIIES GLEANLINBdS OF BODY AND SOUL, WITHIN AND 
WITHOUT, AND RBPENTANCE j IT MUST BB WHOLLY HADB TO ONB PRIEST, HOT 



O saul wit-in, o bodi wit-vte, 26358 
pat noglit be left ]}at es to dute ; 
dense pQ wit-in o gastli sake, 
flescbely vtrage wit scrift to take, 
O gastly sin, als lust and pride, 26362 
And ]»air bransches ])at springes wide. 
Flessely sin es lucberi, 
Manass, theft, and glotori, 
For-fi sais exist to ypocrites, 26366 
" Wa yow y* your-self sa bi-snikkes, 
For of your dische yee wasche tittes[t], 
Yte-quat ]}ar es al nede of lest, 26369 
And yee ar wit-in your-self al f ul 
Wit wickednes, tresun, and buU, 
Bot wasch first your dische wit-in, 
Jan mai yee best yow clenge o sin.*' 
Beuth ]70U haue in fi scriuing, 26374 
For f ou agh at haue sli soruing, 
]7at teres fall and on ]}in ei 
Je sarnes o fin hert to wrei ; 26377 
O fis reuth mai fou find and loke [coi. 2] 
In fe biginyng o J)is bok. 
Hale agh scrift to be alsua, 26380 
And noght for to be delt in tua, 
And bituix preistes tuin or thrin 
Agh f ou noght to dele fi sin, — , 
Sue dos mast fis ypocrites 26384 
pat wald ai wrenk fair aun wites, 
For to sem fam-self god and lele, 
Tuix preistes sere fair scrift to dele, 
And wenis sua godd for-to blind, — 
f ai leue f e grettes plight be-hind, 
Bileues f e heui. Bind scenes f e light 
fat rufield es for to ma slight ; 
Bot certanli f ai ar be-teld, 26392 

For godd will noght fair scrift be delt, 

COTTON 



of saule wif-in of bodi wif -oute. 
fat no^t be left fat is to donte. 
dense 30U wif-in of alle jouie sake, 
wif clene f o^t ^our shrift to make. 
IT gasteli synne hit is bot pride. 
Ss fair braunches fat springis wide 
Flesshely synne is liccherL 
mane af . theft & glutterL 
for-f i sais crist til Ipocritis 
wa worf 30U. jour-self be-squikis, 
for of 3our disshe je was f e tittest. 
out-wif Ss fat is nede of leste. 
& 36 ar inwif self ful foule '^^^^^ 
wif wikkednes & tresoun je moule. 
bot wasshe 30 first jour disshe wtt^-io. 
fen mai je best 30U clanse of synne. 
r^ eufe. fou haue in fi Bhriuing*. 

botf ousulde hauesuchesorowiBg*. 

fat teris fallande. on fine eye. 

J,e sare of fine hert to ^ye. 
of f is ruf e men mai finde & loke. 
in f e begynnyng* of f is boke. 

Hale, agh shrift to be alsqua 
& no^t for to be delt in twa. 
as to prestis twin or f rin. 
agh fou nojt to dele f is synne. 
squa dose maste per Ipocritis 
fat walde ay wrenke f aire a.\ven witif 
for to seme ham gode & lele. 
to diuerse prestis f aire shrift to dele 
& wenis squa god for to blinde. 
f ai leue f e grettest synne be-hinde 
fai leue f e hem & shewes f e lijt 
fat rufFelde is to make slijt. 
& fus-gatis fai ar be-telt. Deaf 114, !»<* 
wil nojt god atte shrift be delt. 

FAIRFAX 



3D BETWEEN TWO ; GOD DOES NOT HALF FORGIVE US. YET I FIND FOUR 1493 
lSES in which an unfinished CONFESSION MAT BE ENDED TO ANOTHER. 

r fan liis willes es 26394 [ 

le vs half forgiuenes ; 

\)ev foTgiues lie hus nan 

es vr sinnes euer ilkan. 26397 no gap in the MS»^ 

e-lioiiis him screue him halli, IT fen be-houis him shriue hali. 

ill haf holik his merci. fat walde haue hali his merci. 

ou sal vnder-stand o faa 26400 hot f ou salle vnderstande of fa. 

s f ou was of scriuen a, synnis f ou has bene shriuin a. 

ball did o f am f i serif t, & hali did of ham f i shrift. 

I f e thar noght serine f e eft, of fa f e thar no3t shriue f e eft. 

E fat eft f ou fallen be 26404 bot if fat eft fou fallin be, 

leu f i scrift and mend fou f e. fou new f i shrift & mende fou f e 

f ar-of salt fou f e vmlok, If & f e?*-of saltow f e vmbloke. 

;e8 four i find in bok of cases iiij. I. finde in boke. 

of fou scraf f e o f i dede, 26408 if fou haue shriuin f e of a dede 

riue f e eft fou most ha nede ; to shriue f e eft jet hastow nede. 

st if f i preist suilk be IT f e first if f i prest squHk be. 

ight he can noght consail f e, fat rijt he can nojt consail f e. 

al, f of forwit he it wat, 26412 al if he fi counsail wate 

iin wiser seen f i state, fou sal to a wiser shew f i state 

u mai haf his leue f er till, if fou mai haue his leue f er-tille, 

les al wit-vten his will. 26415 or eUis aUe wif-outin his wiUe. 

f er quen fou has noght don If f e tof er quen fou nojt has done, 

(nance fat f e laid was on ; f e penaunce atte f e laide was on. 

rid is quen fat fou ert sende If f e f rid is quen atte fou art sende 

iscop fra f i preist to mend, to bisshop2?e fra f i prest to amende. 

:t fou in suilk case es tane 26420 if atte fou in suche cas be tane 

imple preist has pouste nane. f er simple prest has pauste nane. 
jrth^ wit here fou agh to min, % fe firf vmb-fink fe for to myn. 

u has dedli sinnes tuin P sic] if fou haue dedeli synnis twin. 

or four mai faU, or maa, ^^f \y» iij. or iiij. mai falle or ma. 

f i witand has an o f aa 26425 & f i witande has an of twa. 
L hert vn-scriuen left, In fine hert vnshriuin left. 

3al al hali serine f am eft, fou salle alle haly shriue ham eft. 

f i sin fat es not scriuen, for of fat synne atte is nojt shriuen 

a gat f i gilt for-giuen. 26429 is nangate f e gilte for-giuen. 

COTTON FAIRFAX 



1 494: DOBS A FIRST WORK OP PENANCE AVAIL AGAINST A SECOND SIN 1 NO ! Ft)R 
THE LORD IS SCORNED, AND HE WHO ANGERS THE LORD WILL LOSE HIS MEBCY. 



And folus ]7an for ])is allan 26430 
fat fas ojjer for-giuen es nan, 
Yit qwat o man es clenli scriuen 
fat al his giltes er for-giuen, 26433 
Thoru penance droun fat lie liad tan 
Godd liim has for-giuen ilkan. 
Bitides in sin he fallus eft 
In neu or fat he for- wit left, 26437 

[ 

no gap in the MS.] 

I ask f e qnef er his first trauail 26440 

penance sal him oght auail 1 
Sin he has fan fordon f e saght 
fat drightin had him forwit raght. 
far-til ansuer i f e son, 26444 
fat al his god dede formast don 

He has f am wit f is ded slain, 

And al his wicked went again 

fat first vr lauerd had forgiuen, 26448 

Qtien he did penance and wel was sci'tneji. 

And rises a sin of vnkindnes 

Wit alle fat als greues es, 

Als all his ofer siwnes ware, 26452 

And es vr laue^'d mispaiand mare 

fan al f e dede he dide be-forn, 

For his lauerd he driues to scorn. 

For qua-so wrethes his lauerd king, 

And he o merci find him mind, 26457 

If eft misdos wel es right. 

f e lauerd call again his plight ; 

And f e g?'ace he gaue him to 

Wit skil he mai it al for-do, 26461 

fat losen be fat he had left, 

Qwen he fat plight reherses eft. 

Bot sif en quen hi7n reuus his dede 

1 hask f e fen if it be nede 26465 

COTTON 



& for f is cause for sof allane 

of fas of er for-giuen is nane. questioii^ 

auat if a man be clanli shriuin. 
& his gUtis al for-giuin. 
& his penaunce done & tane. 
god him has for-giuin ilkane. 
IT be-tidis in synne he fallis eft. 
in f e same be-fore he left, 
or in new quat-euer hit be. 
touchant dedeli synne say we. 
I. aske f e quef er his first trauaiL 
of penaunce salle him 03t a-vail. 
syn he has fen for-done f e sa3r. 
fat god had him be-fore ra3t. 
IT f er to ansquare I f e sone. 
fat al his gode formast done, 
he has ham wif a dede slaine. 
& alle his wikked went againe. 
fat first our lorde him had for-giue» 
& he did penaunce & wele was shriue» 
fen risis a synne of vn-kindenes 
fat iiij. sa niikil greuouse is. 
as alle his ofer synnis ware. 
& is our lorde mispaiande mare, 
fen alle f e dide he did be-forne 
for his lorde he driuis to skorne 
qua wraff is his lorde hedos him squeke 
quen he of merci has funden hi?n meke. 
if he eft misdos wele is ri3t. 
f e lorde to calle againe his pli3t 
& f e grace he gaf him to. 
wif skil he mai hit al for-do. 
fat lost be fat he had left, 
quen he fat pli3t rehercis eft. 
IF bot si]:in quen liim rewis his dede 
I. aske fen if hit be nede. 

FAIRFAX 



HE WHO REPENTS A LATE SIN RE-SHRIVE ALL HIS EARLY ONES 1 CHRIST 140/) 
^DIER FOR MERCY THAN JUDGMENT; LATE REPENTANCE REVIVES THE EARLY. 



nn sinnes eft-son scriue, 26466 
neu penance for Jam to driue, 
he for fis anlepe sin 
al a neu penance bigin ] 
imid giues us liere ansuer 26470 
\sus crist es redier 
erci giue fan jugement ; [coi. 2] 
-for J?ou vnderstand wit tent, 
gilt als all his forme sinnes 
Li a sin all neu higinnes, 26475 
nful man to pin and sake 
for to tliol all endles wrak, 
lis first grace he has for-don 
11 his last sinnes don, 26479 

I quen he es scriuen es right, 
penance don for fis-kin plight, 
uickens gain his^ first penance 
nt was wit fis last chance, 
all fe god it couers again 26484 
it J?is an-lepe sin was slain, 

ofer dedis god fat he ^^ll^'^sf^^ 

nt had don in charite. 

3 all faa at vnderstand 26488 

te o dedli sin him fand, 

-for he es noght halden to 

penance or scrift to do, 

)is an of fas of er all. 26492 

f he haue neu preist, mai fall, 

le agh fir of e?* schau 

is neu preist mai f am knau, 

kin man has he ben ar, 26496 

o amend him forf er mar. 

dis god quickens again 26498 

rst war quick and sif en slain, 

)aa fat forwit ded born ware, 

lai be quickend neuer mare. 

COTTON 



fi forme synnis eft-sonis shriue. 

& new penaunce for ham to driue 

quefer he for f is anlepi synne. 

agh a new penaunce be-gynne. 

IT Eaf munde giues vs here ansquer 

fat ihe^^us crist is redier. 

to mercy giue fan luggement. 

vnderstandis mine entent. 

fat ri^t als al his forme synni.^. 

f orou a synne al new be-gyniiis 

f is sinful man to pine & sake. 

& for to thole fan endeles wrake 

al f e first f ai ar for-done. 

f orou f e last wif-outin hone. 

IT alsqua quen he shriuin is ri3t 

& penaunce done for f is pli3t. 

al quikkenis a-gaine his first pena?/.ce 

fat tint was f orou f is last* chaunce. 

& al his gode hit couers againe. 

fat f orou f is anlapi syn was slain. 

wif of er dedis gode fat he. 

be-fore had done of charite 

fat is alle fa f at vnderstande. 

at oute of dedeli synne hhn fande 

quar-fore he is no^t haldin to. 

new penaunce of shrift to do. 

for f is an of fare ofer alle. [leaf 115] 

bot he haue new prest mai falle. 

fen f er ofer agh he shawe. 

fat til new prest hit mai hairi knaw 

quatkin man he has bene are. 

for to amende him forf er-mare. 

fe gode dedis quickenis againe. 

fat first ware quik & sif in slaine. 

IT bot fa be-forne dede borne ware. 

f ai mai be quikkened neuer-mare 

FAIRFAX 



1496 THE GOOD DEEDS DONE BEFORE YOU FELL INTO SIN WILL AVAIL TOQ 

SOMEWHAT AFTERWARDS, 



Vnder-stand me wel, fou reder, 26502 

Qtiat birthyn mai Jis wordes bere, 

J>aa dedis for quick bom i tell 

pou did ar ]»ou in sin fell, 

All again ]?ir sal ]70u win 26506 

Quen l>ou art mendid o pi sin, 

Jat ded bom fou vnder-take, 

fo\x did duelland in dedli sake. 

pat sal neuer be quick i-wis 26510 

To couer Je right tU heuen bHs, 

Bot it sal stand in sted sumquar, 

In thre thinges if it mai namar ; 

Je first es if J)ou comberd bo 26514 

In sin, ])an sal it belpe pQ 

Vte pi sin rafer to rise 

To crist and end in his sends ; 26517 

Je tofer thing in werlds welth Sf*^i*Jj 

To help Je bath haf hape and helth ; 

Je thrid es if pou hefen wende, 26520 

Jof fou be dempt wit-vten end 

fi pine pe sal be made to lesse, 

Al after fin god dedis es. 

For it es wi-iten als we rede, 26524 

Es na god were wit-vten mede, 

Ne na wick wit-vten wrak. 

Or here or elles qi^r to take, 

For suilk es crist reght-wis-hede 26528 

pat metes ilk man his mede. 

far lijs mare o fis mater 

pat i mai noght al recken here, 

Eot to J)e pointes i first bigan 26532 

I turn, and sai f am als i kan. 

Treu agh serif t als-sua to be, 

fat es, fat f ou fat scriues f e 26535 

And he fat heris f i scriuing als, 

In hope ye be noght fonden fals, 

COTTON 



f ou vnderstande me wele leder 
quat birf in mai f er wordes here. 
IT fa dides for quik borne L telle, 
f ou dide or f ou in synnis feUe. 
al againe f er saltow wynne. 
quen f ou art amendid of f i syime 
fat dide dedeborne f ou vnder-take 
f ou dide dwellande in dedeli sake 
fat saUe neuer be quik I.-wisse. 
to couer f e ri3t of heiuen blis. 
bot hit salle stande in stede sumquare 
In f re f ingis if hit mai na mare 
IT f e first if f ou combered ba 
of wil hit salle helpe f e. 
out of f i synne for to rise. 
& ere to ende in criste seruise. 
IT f e tof er f ing» of werldis wele, 
alle f e better wif hit to dele. 
IT f e f rid is if f ou heif in wende. 
if f ou be dampned wif -outen ende 
f i paine salle be wele f e lesse 
ofter fat f i gode didis is. 
for hit is writin as we rede, 
is na gode dide wif-outew mede. 
ne na wikked wif-outen wrake. 
auf er here or ellis sum-quare to take 
for suche is criste ri^t-wis-hede. 
fat merkis ilk man his mede. 
f er lijs mare of f is matere. 
fat I. mai nojt al rekkin here, 
bot to f e pointis L first be-ganne 
I turne to sai ham als I. can. ii^. 

Trew agh shrift alsqua to be. 
squa at f ou atte shriuis f e. 
& he fat heris f i shriuing* als. 
In hope je be no^t fundin fals. 

FAIRFAX 



HOPE STEADFASTLY IN CHRIST*S MERCY AND BELIEVE AS THE 1497 
CREED TELLS YOU. HERE IT IS IN ENGLISH. 



pat sin ])at ]}oa es of scriuen 
3pe fat it be f e for-giuen ; 
pes ]»e noglit certanli 26540 
)u lia hope stedfast in merely 
)at es god to sceu here nu, 
jristin man agh here to trow. 
7at es funden in vr crede 26544 
LS in englis es to rede ; [Cr]edo 
jodd fader mighty, Jat wroght 
1 and erth and al o noght, 
in his sun godd crist iesvL, 26548 
Ler anlepi lauerd i tru, 
meid on po hali gast, 
bom o man, maiden chast, 
r ponce pOate don on rode, 
ioluen till hell he yode, 26553 
vte of it his tok his prai, 
ros to lijf Je thrid dai, 
3uen he stei, ])at al weldand 
on his fadei right hand, 26557 
L sal he com als for to deme 
and ded als him es qt^^me. 
als in ))e hali-gast, 
li kyrk mine hope es mast, 26561 
lascepe of halus win, 
haue forgiuenes of vr sin, 
for to rise in flexss and ban [eoi. 2] 
I fat sal be neuer gan." 26565 
es f e trouth man clepes crede, 
k cristen man cun behous nede, 
stedfast hald fir pointes tuelue 
f he will oght saue him-selue. 
skin trouth agh f ou be tift 26570 
1 will com til rightwis scrift, 
a will noght f i saul suick, 
ceu fi sin all openlike. 26573 

COTTON 



bot of fat synne at f ou art shriuin 

hope f ou wele hit is for-giuin. 

IT hit helpis f e nojt ccrtanly. 

bot f ou hope stedefast in his me?'cy. 

for-f i I. fink to shew here now. 

how cristen men agh for to trow. 

Ss fat is fundin in our crede. 

fat now in Ingelis wil I. rede. 

IT In god fader mijti fat wro3t. 

heiuen & erf & al of no^t. 

& in his sone crist ihesu. 

our aller anly lorde I. trow. 

Conceyued of f e haligaste. 

Ss borne of mari maidin chaste. 

vnder ponce pilate done on rode. 

dede & doUin to helle he jode. 

Ss out of hit he toke his pray. 

& ras to Hue f e f rid day. 

tille heiuen he stey fat al weldande 

Ss sitis on his fader rijt hande. 

f eif in salle he come al for to deme. 

quik Ss dede als him is queme. 

IT I. traw als in f e haligaste. 

in hali kirk mine hope is maste. 

to felawshepe of halghes wynne. 

Ss alle for-gifues of our synne. 

Ss for to rise in flesshe Ss bane. 

to line fat salle be neuer gane. 

IT f is is f e trauf men callis crede. 

fat ilk cristin man has of nede. 

Ss stedefast halde f er pointis twelue. 

alle fat wille saue him-selue. 

& in f is trauf f i hert vp-lift. 

if f ou wille come to ri3twise shrift. 

If fou wille no3t f i saule squike. 
f ou shew fi synne al opinlike. 

FAIRFAX 



1498 YOU MUST YOURSELF MAKE YOUR CONFESSION, NOT SEND IT WMTTHf Bt 
A messenger; take all YOUR OWN BLAME WITH YOUR OWN MOUTH. 



Noght send wit messager a scrite 
For sua ])ou mate noght wasch fi vnte, 
Bet sal \)ou wit ]7in aim moutli 26576 
]»i-self on stade ]}i costes ma ruth ; 
For suilk it es vr lauc?'d will 
fat ]70U |)i-self haf don })at ill, 
Jar-of J)i-self it has J?e schame, 26580 
To saue jji-self at here Je blame ; 
And noght wit wordes fayr and slight 
Agh J)ou for to plane jji plight, 
fat mai f i derf dedis dill, 26584 

Bot openli Jou Jam vnhill, 

[ .• • • • 

. . . . no gap in the MSJ] 
And tell ]}i sins ilkan bi nam, 26588 
For lathnes leue f ou noght, ne scam. 
And noght J)i sinnes self allan 
Bot circumstances leue fou nan, 
(J)e quilk grathli fe sal be kend. 
If }>ou J?is bok will se till end,) 26593 
And scrift o mouth es made for-f i 
fat prist mai se openli, 
fe wonde o sin al for to leche 26596 
And wijt quat medicine to reche. 
Qwar-of leching moght nan be fund 
Bot it war sene vn-to fe grund. 26599 
And for J?e scam man thine scriuawd, 
It sal for part o penance stand ; 
For-pi fe wis man sais o lare, 26602 
" Min aun muth me sal noght spare, 
In-wit mi soru al o mi lijf 
I sal fast wit mi-seluen strijf," 
fat es to sai, fat sal na thing 26606 
For scam fra opin sin mai bring. 
IT fe sext point in hert f on hald, 
Scrift agh be scire and sundri tald, 

COTTON 



nojt sende wif messager na skrite. 
for squa fou mai no^t wasshe fee qiBtc 
bot f ou sfidle wif fine awen mouf . 
al f i synnis to prest make cou]). 
for suche hit is our lordis wills, 
fat atte f ou f i-self dos ille. 
may na nof er bere f e blame 
bot f ou f i-self. lette for na shame 
IT ne wif na quaint wordis of sli3t 
agfi f ou nojt to shew f i pli3t. 
fat mai f i derf* didis diL 
bot opinli f ou ham vn-hile. 
ri^t als opinli as f ou ham did. 
to f e prest make f ou ham kid. 
^ir & telle fi synnis ilkan be name, 
lette f ou no3t for squink ne shame. 
& no3t fi synnis self allane. Lii«fii5,bk; 
bot circumstanse leue f on nans 
f e quilk graif f e salle be kende 
& f ou wille here f is boke til ende. 
& shrif of mouf is made for-f i. 
fat prest mai se alle opinli. 
f e wounde of synne al for to leche 
& wite quat medicine to teyche. 
for mai na leche saue na wounde. 
bot hit wate sene vn-to f e grounde 
& for f e shame men fink shriuande 
hit sal for part of penaunce stande. 
for-f i pe Wiseman sais of lare 
mine awen mouf me sal no3t spare 
wif-in mi sorou al of mi life. 
I sal fast wif mi-seluin strife, 
fat is to say fat salle na f ing*. 
for shame fra opin synne me bring*. 
y^e sext point in hert f ou halde 
-■ shrift '^gh be shire & sundre tald( 

FAIRFAX 



B SINS SHOULD BB PRIVATELY CONFESSED, PUBLIC SINS PUBUCLY. 1499 
CONFESS AS SOON AS YOU CAN, ESPECIALLY IF YOU ABE SICK. 



fai es to scan 26610 

lend be it self on raw. 
word sundri Jat i sai [if i48, coL i] 
•u vndo anofer wai. 

sin fat es priue, 26614 

': agli scriuen be, 
|)at opin es and kid 
)en penance and vn-hid, 
in sin will opin-lik 26618 

t, and priue priuelik. 
is word fat es oft at neu, 
11 if J>e fi sinnes reu 
-stand on maners tnin, 26622 
quen fou art feld wit sin, 
e bun wit scrift to rise, 
nder-stand it on f is wise ; 
it es, quat time, and tide, 26626 
:t agli nogbt at ouer bide, 
u sal serine fe o sin alson 
u has euer fi sin don, — 26629 
ou mai preist haf at fi will, — 
ling es ful selcutb iL 
f ou most algat a-bide 26632 
•as it nagat bitide ; 

sekenes on fe be laid 

wit scrift al redi graid 26635 



. . no gap in the MS,] 

Dtes for defaut o leche, 26638 

ele Jje wers it es to reche. 

pQ sin quen it es wroght, 

be son wit saluing soght, 

les wide and rotes ai 26642 

ien salf t wU noght a wai ; 

erof we resuns fiue 

m agh hastili him serine, 26645 

COTTON 



ilk synne fat is to shawe. 
rekenande hi faire-self on raw. 
or f is worde siindri fat L say. 
mai f ou vn-do a-nof er way. 
fat is of synne fat is priue. 
priueli agh hit shriuin be 
of syn fat opin is & kid. 
take opin penaunce & vn-hid. 
bete opin synne opinli. 
& priuey sinne priuely. 
IT wif f is worde at is oft a-new. 
saltow if f e f i synnis rew. 
vnderstande on maners twin, 
fat is quen f ou art filed wif synne 
make f e boun wif shrift to rise, 
atte vnderstande hit on f is wise, 
quilk hit is f e time & tide. 
f i shrift agh no3t at ouer-bide. 
for f ou sal shrine f e als sone. 
als f ou has euer f i synne done. 
& f ou mai prest haue to f i wille 
for liting is ful selcouf iUe. 
& if f ou algatis wil a-bide. 
ouer-passe f ou nojt f e lentin-tide. 
& if sekenes on f e be laide. 
f ou be wif shrift ay redy graide. 
IT hit faris of shrift as dos of wouncJ 
fat lange vnso3t is to f e grounde 
a tent f e wers to hit wil reche 
quen hit rotis for defaute of leche 
in muche bale hit mai be wro3t 
bot hit wif saluing* sone be so^t 
hit stinkis rynnis & rotis ay. 
wif -outen wa wil nojt a-way 
& f er-of haue we reSouws fiue 
fat man agh hasteli him to shrine 

FAIRFAX 



1500 FIYB REASONS WHY WE SHOULD CONFESS QUIOKLT. BAT KOTHINO 
TUB SINS OF ANT ONE ELSE, IT WILL NOT AMEND TOUB OWN. 



Je first o ded vnwitemes, 26646 

J)at man wat neuer quen it es 5 
fe tofer for a sin or tua 
Vnbette fai drau ai toward maa, 
For he fat cumberd es wit an, 26650 
Wit ma riueli lie bes oner tan ; 
fe thrid qua lenges lijs in sin 
Vnnetlies he mai par-vte win. 
Of eilded thing fful wel we wate 
Better it es to change pe state, 26655 
]>e firth ^ for dute brath on hell, 
Jat reues man fe tung to melL P Ms.flrtf] 
And wijt and moning bath of hert, 
Quen ded thraus smites smert. 26659 
fe first es dute dom fat sail [oou 8] 
Be wonnun wit our werkes all, 
pat we war of noght bett no scriuen, 
Qwar-for pis term here was vs giuen. 
For-pi red i we serine vs tite, 26664 
And late we par-of be na litte. 
IF Propre pat es pat pou ma knaun 
Nanoper plightes bot pi naun, 
And wrei pi-self and oper noght 26668 
O pi wicked werkes wroght. 
And par-of sais sent dauid welle, 
" I haue mi hert soght ilk a delle, 
And sueped wel pat was par-in 26672 
And sceu pe lauerd vte al mi sin." 
For he pat musters oper mans inis, 
par-wit mendes he noght his, 
Bot es he tald for bakbiter. 26676 
Bot pai na be samen parte[n]ar 
Sekand til an sakful dede, 
For in pat case man most nede 
Sceu quam. wit he did pat foli, 
Als if he lai a woman bi, 26681 

COTTON 



IT pe first of dede pe vn-witeme« 
pat man wate nener quen hit is 
IT pe toper for a synne or twa. 
vnbete pai drag& ay ma & ma. 
for qua pat combred is wip an. 
wip ma peraunt^ he bes ouertan. 
IT pe prid qua langest Igs in synne 
vnnepis he may out of hit wyn. 
of eldid ping* ful wele we wate 
harde hit is to chaunge pe state 
IT pe firp for vnhele pot comis al day 
pat reuis man pe tonge to say. 
of his synnis he has na hert 
quen dede prawes smitis smert 
IT pe fif te is doute of dome ] at sal 
be wowen wip our werkis alle. 
pe whilk didis we ar nojt shriuen 
quar-fore pis iermQ here was ys ginei 
for-pi I. rede we shriue vs sone 
& lete hit nojt to lange hone. 

Propre. pat is pou art vn-knawen 
of ani man synnis bot pine awei 
pou knawes pi synne & oper no3t 
of pi wikked werkis wro3t. 
& par-fore sais saint dauid wele 
I haue mine hert sojt ilkadele 
& squepid out pat was per-in. 
& shewed my lorde al my synne. 
for he pat tellis oper man mis 
& par be-mendis he no3t his. 
bot he is talde for bak-biter. 
bot pai be sammin partenare 
& wro^t to-geder a sinful dede. 
for in pat cas man most nede. 
shew wip qwam he did foly. 
als if he lay a wo?wman by. 

FAIRFAX 



PEN YOUH OWN DEEDS, OR ELSE AT DOOMSDAY YOU WILL HAVE MANY 1501 
k.COUSEBS j GOD, YOUR CONSCIENCE, THE WORLD, THE DEVIL, YOUR SINS. 



igh. to telle Mr qualite, 26682 
: freind or quat sco be, 
1 J)e nam o fat person 
man halden wit resun. 26685 
nend point J)ou vnderstand, 
rifte agh selden be wreiand, 
I to knaun ])at J^i sin es 26688 
lit wit pin. aim wickednes, 
)u sa wrei fin aun dede, 
\ soigne be for fe lede ; 
iam did and eue his fere, 26692 
)rmast of vr elders were, 
len ))ai war to learni don 
forbot fai had for-don, 26695 
id Jar-tUl his wijf him ledde, 
3C0 said fat j?e worme hir bedde, 
sua wenand to ma fam quite 
ade Jam worthier to wite. 
L sais he fat noght lies, 26700 
ghtwis scrift him-seluen wries 
; his freind ripand his state, 
he sceus him all fat he wate. 
eind es crist, f ou vnder-stand, 
*eist fat has his folk in hand, 
[ua wil noght him-seluen wrei 
or fir tua nu ar he dei, ^^ffi]*^* 
il for-soth on domes-dai 26708 
( wreiers, and fat es to sai, 
L him-self, his aun insight, 
jrld, fe warlaw, and his plight, 
mten it es and sua will right, 
I f is werld sal for him fight 
1 f e feluns and vnwise, 
1 scap o scaft sal rise, 26715 
he fat nu hirji-seluen wreis fan, 
.uerd-self sal soigne fat man, 

COTTON 



man ag& to telle hir qualite. 
sibbe or fremme quef er ho be. 
bot & fou telle hir ri^t name. Deaf iw] 
me fink certis fou art to blame 

Pe ix, point fou vnderstande 
fat shrift agh seluin be wreiand 
fat is to knaw fat f i synne is. 
wrojt wif fine awen witnes 
fat fou squa wroye fine awen dede 
fat fou na soyny be-for f e lede. 
als adam dide & eue his fere, 
fat formast of our eldres were, 
fat quen f ai ware to resoun done 
of fat forbote criste laide ham on. 
he saide f er-tille his wife him lede 
& ho saide atte f e worme hir bede 
& squa wenande to make ham quite 
f ai ware f e mare worf i at wite 
IT for-f i sais he atte no^t leyes. 
f e rijt-wis first him-seluin wreis 
Ss to his frende he ripis his state. 
& he shawes him al fat he wate 
f is frende is crist fou vnderstande 
our prest fat has his folk in hande 
IT for qua wille nojt him-seluin wrey 
be-for f er twa now or he deye. 
he salle for-sof on domisday. 
haue wroyers harde fat is to say. 
god him-self his awen iiisi3t. 
f e werlde f e deuil his didis vnri3t, 
for writin hit is al his pli^t. 
& alle f e werlde gaine him sal fi3t. 
IT alle kin shap of f ing» salle rise, 
againe f e felouws & vnwisse. 
wreye now f i-self. & he sal fan. 
our lorde him-selfe soyny f e man. 

FAIRFAX 



1502 MAKE A CLEAB AND FULL CONFESSION, NOT ONLY OF WORKS, BUT OF WKKB 
WORDS AND IDLE THOUGHTS. IF YOU DO NOT, YOU WILL BE SALTED A8 TU 



And sal sai, '' ])is man will we spare, 
For noght he spard him-self are, 
Forgiue we nu his werkes wroght, 
For he him-self forgaue him noghi" 
And es nathing so well mai pai2672^ 
Vr wiferwin als forto sai, 
Quen we had don here anikin ill, 
Als sai, " fe feind vs draf fer-till." 
Je tent point forget fou noght, 26726 
Scrift agh be made wit god for-thoght 
fat fou J)i dedis sua for-lok, 
Als fou Jjam written had in bok. 
For qua will yeild a-cuntes right 
He agh it for-wit for to dight, 26731 
Ne tell noght ouer-wit reuand ras, 
Als dos ]7i8 men ]7at penis tas 
Draus tuin at ans wit-vten hon, 
|)at ]7ai ]>e raj^er mai ha don. 26735 
Bot sinful man, if )?ou be wise. 
Hast noght fi scrift on fiskin wis, 
Bot ilk-a sin be self fou schau, 26738 
fat fi preist mai J?am graithli knau ; 
Noght an J?i werkes J?at fou wroght, 
Bot wordes wick, and idel thoglit, 
fat J?ou sua wit fin open hert 26742 
Mak alle f i priuetes apert, 
fat thoru fat f e think far 
Mai fi mede be welle fe mar. 26745 
For qua will noght, wit-vten wene. 
Wit scrift fair conscience ma clene, 
It sal be don to f am i wise, 
f e prophet sagh, f e quilk es fise, 
fai sal yow vp on balkes lift 26750 
Als suine fat ar to salting tift. 
And alle your entrailles ilkon c«>i- 2] 
In welland pottes sal be don, 26753 

COTTON 



& saUe say f is man wil we spare 
for no^t he spared him-seloin are 
we him for-giue his werkis wiojt 
for he him-self for-gaf him no^t 
IT f er is na f ing* sa wele may pay. 
our wif erwine als for to say. 
quen we haue done anikin ille 
as say f e feinde vs draue f ar-tille 

Pe teinde point for-gete f ou nc^ 
f i shrift to haue be-fore in Ja 
fat f on f i didis be-fore loke 
als f ou ham writin had in boke. 
qua-sim wille 3ilde a-countis ri3t. 
he agh hit be-fore di^t. 
& telle no3t ouer wif rynnande ras. 
as dos f er men atte penis tas. 
draghes ij. at anis wit^-outen hone, 
atte fai f e sonir mai haue done. 
IT Bot sinful if f ou be wise, 
haste nojt f i shrift on suche wise 
& ilk synne hi hit-self f ou shaw. 
atte f i prest mai hit knaw. 
no^t an f i werkis atte f ou TVTO^t. 
bot wikked wordis & Idel f 03t. 
fat f ou squa wif fine opin hert. 
make al f i priuetis apert. 
fat f orou f i f 03t f ou f inkis fare 
mai f i mede be wele f e mare. 
IT for qua wille no3t wif-outew wen 
wif shrift f aire conscience make cle 
hit salle be done til ham I. -wis 
f e prophete sagh f e quilk is f is. 
fai salle a-pon f e balkis be lift, 
as squine fat is saltid ri3t. 
& alle 3oure entrails als sone 
in wellande pottis sal be done. 

FAIRFAX 



riNE, AND BURNT WITH FIRE. AFTER TRUE CONFESSION, AMEND 1503 
B life; he who makes FALSE SHRIFT BECOMES WORSE AFTER IT. 



en J)ai sal yow cast in brine, 
dos wit salting suine. 26755 
ail in fire ))at brennes 
IS ))in vn-scriuen sinnes, 
al casten be in brine, 

sai in lastand pine, 

les gnasting es to totb 26760 
3te of ei wijt fou for-soth. 
Q sal be fat brine wit vnder, 
)rmes a-bouen apon to wonder, 
side sal be fe fere, 26764 

war tint wit lucifere. 
:end point stedfast and stabil 
ft be, fat es resonabil, 
)ght als neus J>at er tan, 26768 
;o dai, to moru ar gan ; 
i fi stabil pes mai last 
b J>ou hald fi penance fast, 
oogbt als dos naman 26772 
lis scriffc far scrift es nan, 

1 to scrift a glos to make, 
in entent fair sin for-sake. 
fair tent mare to be sene 
fte fan to be scriiien clene, 
)reist ful well fai higbt 26778 
L for-sak, fair lijf to right, 

fat fals scrift be made, 
wit f aim na langer bade, 

faim to fair filthes fest 26782 
nd to fat he for-wit kest, 
orthes f am wel wers fan ar, 
iHum bettis neuer mare, 
jt f ou well, wit-vten wene, 
bot tarys crist wit tene, 26787 
■t his wrak on fam sua lendes 

er ded wit-vten amendes. 

COTTON 



& sif in fai salle 30U caste in brine, 
als man dos wif f e saltid squyne. 
IT f is entrail in fire fat brynnis. 
be-takenis fine vn-shriuin synnis 
f i-self salle caste be in brine, 
fat is to say in lastande pine, 
f 67* endeles gnaisting* is of tof . 
& endeles sorou wite f ou for-sof . 
brimstan salle be fat brine wif wonder 
& mani a worme a-boue & vnder, 
on ilk side sal be f i fere. 
& f ou falle wif lucifere. 

Pe xj. point stedefast & stable., 
sal shrift be fat is resonable. 
& no^t as trewes fat is tane. 
fat is to-day to-mome is gane. 
bot atte f i stable pes mai laste. 
to crist f ou halde f i penaunce faste 
ne do f ou no^t als dos mani man. 
fat wenis shrift f er shrift is nane. 
fai come to shrifb a glose to make 
no3t in entent f aire synne for-sake 
bot is f aire entent mare to be sene 
at shrift fan to be shriuin clene. 
to f e prest fai make a hi3t 
f aire synne for-sake f aire life to ri^t. 
^11 bot quen fat fals shrift is made, 
is f er wif ham na langer bade. [} if iie, bk] 
bot to f aire filf is fai hye ham fast 
& goddis werkis a-way fai caste. 
& be-comis wors fen are. 
peraunter amendis neuer-mare. 
IT bot wite f ou wele wif-outen wene 
fai do bot taris crist to tene. 
& his wrake on ham squa lendis. 
fat mani deys wif-outen amendis 

FAIRFAX 



1504 THE TRUE PENITENT SINS NO MORE. IF A MAN WOULD SHBiyE OKI U 
BUT HIDE ANOTHER, THIS WILL NOT DO, HB CANNOT SSBVB TWO LOBDa 



Jou werye fan wit mode and mayn 
fat ]you fall noght in sin again, 26791 
For sli penance mai ha na f o, 
Man do3 intent at eft misdo. 
])e lialy man, sent Austin, telles 
In bok o penance fax lie spelles, 
J)at, lie sais, es penance, right 26796 
Quen man es wepand for his plight, 
And si])en sin dos na mare [if 149, coi. i] 
fat him thar-for wepe for-fer mare. 
Quat if [fat] man him serine sin, 
And sais f er-of he mai not blin, 26801 

[ 

. . . . no gap in the MS.] 

On [in serif t] he will an for-ber 26804 

Anof er he wil on no maner. 

I hask quere man him agh forsak 

Or man wit sli scrift agh to tak ? 

It semis nai, al witerly, 26808 

Ysodre us telles resun qui. 

And sais fai crist till hething driue 

Sli men qwen fai fam coms to scriue, 

fat fere er dedis doand neu, 26812 

fat f ai agh sare wit resun reu. 

It mai nan him for buxum deme, 

0,21611 he to crist will noght quern ; 

For mai naman wit quern to vriiin 

To serue at ans lauerds tuin, 26817 

fat es to godd, and lust siu, 

fat he ne most fra f am of er tuin. 

And vnnait is fat scrift to-quils, 26820 

f e quilk fat sinnes foluand files. 

Qw^t bote to wepe f e sin was left 

Qwen f ou fat ilk reherses eft ? 

Qwat bot on aside gadir til, 

And on anof er Aide to spill ] 26825 

OOTTON 



for-'f 1 kepe f e wif mode & maine. 
atte f ou falle nojt in synne againe 
suche penaunce has na mede to. 
fat dos entent eft to mis-do. 

Pe hali man saint Austin tellis 
In boke of penaunce ferhespellu 
fat he sais is penaunce r^i 
quen man is wepande for his plijt 
Ss sif in synnis dos na mare, 
fat him thar wepe for-f er-mare. 
IF quat if fat man him shriue for ep. 
& sais f er-of mai he no^t blin. 
fat ne ofberwarde he wil in hit wone 
Ss asshis penaunce for fat is done 
or ellis in shrift he an for-bere. 
& of er he wiUe on na manere. 
1. aske quef er man him ag& for-sake. 
or wif suche shrift ellis to take. 
IT hit semis nay al witerlL 
Isidre tellis vs resoun quy. 
& sais crist dos to hef ing< driue. 
suche men quen f ai ham conus to shrii] 
fat grantis ar didis to do ham newe 
fat f ai agh sare wif resoun rewe. 
ne may nane him for buxum deme 
quen he to c^ist wille him no3t quen 
IT for mai na man wif queme to wyni 
to serue atte anis lordis twin, 
fat is to say god for to wynne 
& luste of bodi f e tane wil twin. 
& ynnaite is fat shrift f e quilis 
quen hit alle f e saule hit fiHs 
quat bote to wepe f e synne was left 
quen f ou fat ilk rehercis eft. 
quat bote on an side gedder tille. 
& on an-nof er side to spille. 

FAIRFAX 



INNOCENT COMMANDS PRIESTS NOT TO SUFFER FALSE SHRIFT. IT IS AS 1505 
Uh TO BREAK THE LAW IN ONE POINT AS IN MANY POINTS OF FALSE REPENTANCE. 



n sli serif t pape Innocent [inuocewema] 

at giues his cor/zmament, 26827 

3 moneyche biscops preistes bath, 

[>ai J)ain-self will were fra wath, 

lis farr-sum fai mai se, 26830 

hoi na sauls forto be 

I vnto Je feinddes hand, 

li wit fals scrift doand." 

serif t es, well we wate, 26834 

L it es stad in sinful state, 

he sinnes has mani ane 

vUl do penanee bot for ane, 

ar he serif t for an dos sua 26838 

le anofer wil noght for-ga. 

writen it es qua all fulfilles 

.ght, and in a point it spilles, 

;al be plighti for fis an 26842 

lie ))am broken had euer ilkan. 

a sin es moght als fiue, 

eue man wit fe lastand Hue. 

irl sinkes fe sehipp to grund, [coi. 2] 

oft man deies of a wond, 26847 

\>a.T es mani pointes als 
1 man may ehep men penance fals, 
:{uen. in hert men haldes hete, 

will noght fair misdide bete ; 
r man be in sli mister 26852 

l)ai mai fair sin noght for-ber, 
bheif, reuer, or hazardour, 
} or okerer, or logolour, 
fai fair mister wille forsak 26856 
fals penantes, men sal f am tak. 
[)is man fat I ar of spak 

sothfast scrift nan vnder-tak, 

nan bot sothfast may ayaill, 
me thine, wit-vten fail, 26861 

COTTON 



IT A-gaine suche shrift pape Innocent 

f us-gatis giuis his comandement 

H we monest bisshopw* & prestis baf 

as f ai ham-selfe wil kepe ira waf 

fat als ferre as f ai mai se. 

f ai thole na saulis for to be. 

led in-to f e feindis hande. 

nameli wif fals shrift doande. 

IT fals shrift is. wele we wate. 

quen man is stad in sinful state. 

f er he has synnes manian. 

he wille do penaunce bot for an. 

or f er he shrift for an dos squa. 

& a-nof er letis he ga. 

IT for writin is qua alle fulfillis. 

for a point al his shiift he spillis. 

he salle be gilty for fat an. 

als he ham brokin had ilkane. 

for an synne is als muche as fine. 

to rew man wif f e lastande line 

a hole mai sink a ship to grounde 

& oft man deys f orou an wounde 

IT & f er is mani pointis als. 

fat men mai calle penaunce fals 

als quen in hert men haldis hete 

& wil nojt f aire misdidis bete. 

or if man be in sli mistere 

atte f ai mai synne no3t for-bere. 

als thefe. reuer. & hasardour. 

hore. okerer. or logolour. 

bot fai fe mister wil for-sake. 

for fals penaunce man sal ham take 

IT syn f is man fat I. are of spac. 

wil sof-fast shrift nana vnder-tak' 

& nane bot sof fast mai a-vaiL 

fan me fink wif-out-in faile. 

FAIRFAX 



1506 TOU MUST HEAR THE PART SHRIFT OF THE SINFUL MAN, AND URGE HIM 10 
GOOD DEEDS, WHIGH MAT LEAD HIM TO RIGHT SHRIFT AND SAVE HIM FROM THE DK?IL 



fat his scrift es noglit for to here, 

Sin he fra sin him. will noght were. 

Sotht ])e queJer, bot we mai sai, 26864 

His scrift fou agh noght to driue avai, 

Bot here his scrift and giuo him rede 

fat to sum mendyng him mai lede, 

And ]7at he ai dai and night 26868 

To do fe godes fat he might, 

Als orisun and almesdede, 

Til al fe gode he mai hym lede 26871 

Bituixand crist his hert vndo, 

And send him grace right scrift to do. 

For fof his scrift vn-sothfast be, 

It sal him seme o thinges thre 26875 

])e quilk i tald fe of resun 

In fe neist formast questiun. 

And it is for to trau fat can 

f e warlau sal noght in fis man 26879 

Haue sa mikel of his will, 

Als if he desseli did ill ; 

Als of a luu sent gregor telles, 26882 

fat for drednes moght do noght elles 

Qiien he f e deuel a-bot him saght, 

Bot saued him-self wit mikel agh[t], 

Qwar-for f ai moght harm do him nan, 

Bot a warlau f am told onan, 26887 

" I fand a wessel tome," he said, 

Bot far was on a taken laid. 

[ • •. 

. . . . no gap in the MS!\ 
For-fi f of man be fest in sin, 26892 
O god dede agli he neuer blin.^ c»ms. Wun] 
Yett ic ask f e f orf er-mare [if uo, bk, coi. i] 
f iskin man ic spak of are, 
Q//en he is turnd to god entent. 
And will do fulli amendment, 2G897 

COTTON 



fat his shrift is no3t to here 
sin he fra synne him. wil no^f skeie 
IF fat is sof . bot we mote say. 
his shrift f ou agh no3t driue a-way. 
bot here his shrift & gif him rede 
fat to sum amendement mai him leda 
& bid him fonde day & ni3t. 
to do f e gode al fat he mi3t 
als orisoun & almus-dede. 
til al f e gode he mai him bede 
be-twix his hert crist come to. 
& sende him grace ri3t shrift to do 
IF al if his shrift vn-sof fast be. 
hit salle liim serue of f ingii« f re 
^fe quilk I. talde 30U in gode resoTUL 
in fo next formast questioun. [^lofui] 
& hit Is for to traw at fan. 
f warlagh salle no3t in f is man. 
haue sa mikil of his wille. 
als if he if enli did ille. 
IF Als of a iewe saint gregori telHs 
fat for ferde mu3t no3t do ellis. 
quen he f e deuels a-boute him sagfi. 
bot sayuid him-self wif mikil agh. 
quar-fore f ai mi3t harme do hiw nan. 
bot f us a deuel saide on-an. 
I fande a vessel tome he saide. 
bot f er was on a takin laide. 
quar-fore I mu3t do no3t f er-to. 
bot quiteli I. lete hit go. 
for-fi if man be fest in synne. 
of gode dide is no3t to blynne. 
IF 3et I. aske f e forf er-mare. 
of suche man I. spac of are 
quen he is turnid to gode entent 
& wille do fuUe amendement. 

FAIRFAX 



JND ANSWERS A DIFFICULT QUESTION AS TO COBTPESSION AND 1507 
PENANGB FOR OLD AND NEW SINS NEWLT REPENTED. 



he neu scrift agh for-J)i 26898 
leu penance at vnderii ? 
t allan for his aid plight, 
ir fat he nu will right, 26901 
r J?as oper fe quilk he bette 
oght wit penance laghful sett. 
lUTzd here ans wares til vs [Raimundug] 
3 asking, and sais he ]7us, 26905 
it wald noght leue his sin, 
wald noght far-of f orwit blin, 
il wit right all neu be scriuen, 
scrift-suni he has for-wit driuen. 
at dos scrift of an alsua, 26910 
will anofe/' noght forga, 
>is penance all may we se 
noght don al in charite, 26913 
)of man serine him of a sin 
in a-noJ)er ligges in, 
mai well wit alkia right, 
eucr him was f orgiuen his plight, 
irist forgiues noght a sake 26918 
ve of all vr mendes make, 
sin fis sinn was neuer forgiuen, 
nges most it neu be scriuen ; 
lu mai we wot ani dett, 26922 
aides gilt forgiuenes gett, 
quils fat neunes es in wonde 
aster nan mai mak it sond ; 
ar it mai fe saul of sin 26926 
lils it stikand es far-in, 
it es stikand euer emefend, 
)thfast scrift has driuen to fe hend, 
fat mai be on namane;*, 26930 
laldand scrifte and sin for-ber. 
'ift agh to be mad hernestly, 
it als intent o waynglori, 26933 

COTTON 



quefer he new shrift agfi for-fi. 

& new penaunce at vnderii. 

no^t allane for his aide pli3t 

bot for-fi fat he new wiL ri3t 

or for fas of er f e quilk he bette. 

bot no3t wif penaunce laghhful set 

IF Eamundf here onsquaris til vs. SamimdM 

to f is askings & saia he f us 

he fat walde no3t leue his synne 

ne walde no3t be-fore f er-of blynne 

he salle wif ri3t al new be shriuew 

quat shrift be-fore sim he has driuen 

he fat dos shrift of an alsqua. 

& wille a-nof cr no3t for-ga. 

IT for f is penaunce al mai we se. 

hit was no3t done in charite. 

for f o man shriue him of a synne 

& letis a-nof er be him wif-in. 

men mai wele wite wif nankin ri3t 

fat euer him was for-giuen his pli3t 

for crist for-giuis no3t a sake. 

bot we of alle amendis make. 

& syn f is synne was neuer for-giue/i 

nede he most new be shriuen. 

IF for how he may wif ani dett. 

fat haldis gilt for-giuenes gett. 

& quilis fat irene is in wounde. 

is plaster nane mai make hit sounde. 

na mare fen mai f e saule of synne. 

to-quilis hit stedefast is f ar-in. 

& hit is stincande euer ^& Ifin.'^ 

fat sof fast shrift has driuen f eif in. 

& fat mai be on na manere. 

bot haldand shrift at synne for-bere. 

l^is scrift agB. be made emestli 

-* no3t als intent of vaine glory. 

FAIRFAX ^^/br'^iMph!}^ 



1508 CONFESSION OUGHT TO BE EARNEST, AND WITH INTENT TO AMEND; IT MUBI ^r. v 
BE MADE IN OBEDIENCE, AND IN TRUTH ; FOR, SAYS ST AUGUSTINE, HE WHO USSII 



Or als jjis ypocrites dos 2G934 

In mans sight, in mans res. 

And als sum men in scubardis 

Til ofer men telles fair folis, 

And sais amang riot ron 2 09 38 

" Alle men wat wel fat i ha don ; " — 

Bot scrift sal be wit clene entent, [coi. 2] 

In will to do amenddement. 

Willili lok fat fou be scriuen, 26942 

Noght wit strength far-to be driuen. 

For ueding scrift mai ha na mede j 

Wittnes o sir caym dede, 

fat f ou be yeitt his wicked-hede 

It moght him to no me^rci lede, 26947 

For he was cald and ouer tane 

fat he hade his brof er slayn. 

Ar he seluew it wald yate, 26950 

For-f i fan com he all to late 

To merci haue, quen he wit pride 

His brof er slaghter wend at hide. 

IT f e fortend point es buxumnes, 

Wit-vten quilk es nan fat es 26955 

IMai haue elles for ani dede, 

A nentes crist merci to mede. 

And writen it es sua buxumli 26958 

Him-self be-knaus sal haue merci. 

IT f e fijftend point es an f e last, 

fat fi scrift be mad sothfast, 26961 

f e soth to hel for nakin thing 

To meng wit f i scrift lesing, 

Ne for na mekenes fat mai be 26964 

f i-self ogh sai bot soth o f e. [AiM«»a#3 

IT Sant austin sais f e man fat liges, 

Or wrangwisli him-seluen wryghes, 

COTTON 



or als f er Ipocritis dos. 

in mannis si3t in mannis ros. 

and als sum in company. 

tille of er men tellis f aire foly. 

& sais a-mangi fat riot rone. 

al men wate wele quat I. baue done 

bot shrift sulde be wif dene entent 

In wille to do amendement. 

Wiseli loke. f ou be shriain. 
& no3t wif strenght ]^-to 
driuen. 
for fret shrift mai haue na mede. 
witnes of sir chaymis dide. 
alle if he 3eted his wrecchedhede 
hit mu3t him to na mercy lede. 
for he was calde & ouertane 
fat he bad his brof er slaiue. 
or he him-selfe walde hit 3ate. 
for-f i fan come he al to late, 
to mercy haue quen he wif pride, 
his brof er sla3ter wende atte hide. 
V%e xiiij. point is buxu??ines. 
-* wif-outin quilk is nane atte is. 
fat mai haue eUis for ani dede. 
A-nyendis cristis merci. to mede. 
& writin is qua buxumlL 
him-self* knawes sal haue mercy. 
"Ke XV. point hit is f e laste. 
-* fat f i shrift be made sof-faste. 
" f e sof to lame for nankin f ing*. 
to blende wif f i shrift lesing* 
ne for na mekenes^ fat mai be. 
f i-seluin say bot sof of f e. ^1|JJI*^2m3' 
IF Saint austine sais f e man fat leyes. 
or wrangewisli him-seluin wreyes. 

FAIRFAX 



3NPBSSI0N MAKES HIS SIN WORSE. THESE ARE THE FIFTEEN POINTS 1500 
RIFT. POUR THINGS KEEP US FROM PENANCE, HOPE, DESPAIR, SUAME, FKAIl. 



3 scrifing for buxumnes, 26968 
In hes him neuer fe lesse, 
>r lesing it es fe inare, 
tie es sinfular fan are. 
f fat it be suilk a thing 26972 
oa wat of na certanyng, 
3u fan trous far-of to sai 
aides fou fe right wai. 26975 
)intes scrift qua-so will hald, 
t to haue he mai be bald, 
sal his sothfast scrift atend 
•e warlau him defend. 26979 

e hali writte us schaus, 
thinges us fra penance draus, 
> and wanhope, schame and dute, 
>e warlau es euer a-boute 26983 
to do in sin at lend, 
fer-wit tak him at his hend. 
►pejjanmaibethrine-fald, [if i50, coi. i] 
man cums to ouer bald. 26987 
icing lijf, for warlds wine, 
jodds grith als traisting in, 
es god at hald wit houe, 26990 
,il vnskil noght worth a gloue. 
;ain fe ferst us sais sant lam, 
it es mans lijf bot fam, 
a rek fat mai noght last, 26994 
ikailles wit a windes blast." 
lob sais, " man bom o wijf 
Lttel lastand es his lijf ! " 26997 

. . no gap in the MS,"] 
paule sais of vr last dai, 27000 
nan mai certain fer-of sai, 
lums it als a theif be night, 
hides him fra mans sight, 27003 

COTTON 



In his shriuyng for buxuwnes 

f e synne hit bes him neuer fe lesse. 

for fe lesing hit is f e mare. 

& wele worre fen hit sof ware. 

bot if fat hit be suche a fing*. Df in, bk] 

fat f ou ne wate na certaining*. 

fat f ou fan trowes f er-of f ou say. 

fen halde f ou f e li^t way. 

Iff erpointis of shrift qua-sim wald hald? 

to merci haue he mai be balde. abstuunoo 

Sc salle his sof fast shrift at ende. fra 

fra f e warlagh him defende. penance 

Als f e hali writte vs shawes^ 
four fingis man fra penance drawee 
hope. & wanhope. shame. & doute. 
for f e warlagh is euer a-boute. ^^f' 
to entise man in synne to lende 
& f ar-wif take him atte his ende. 
IF vnderstande f is hope f rinfalde. 
quen man be-comis ouer-balde. 
for liking* of life for werldis wynne 
for goddis grif of traisting* in. 
hope is gode fat haldis wif houe. 
bot to vnskil no^t worf a gloue. 
againe f e first v s sais saint lame lacobns 
quat is ma?inis life bot fame. 
& a stak* fat mai no^t laste. 
bot scailis wif a windis blaste. 
IF lob liuid mikil wif-outen strife 
& litel he sette be his life, 
for wele he wende iche day. 
out of f is werlde to winde away. 
IF Saint Paule sais our last day. 
is nane certaine f er-of may say. 
bot comis hit als a thefe be ni^t. 
& bindis him fra mawnis si^t. 

FAIRFAX 



1510 TUR VANITY OF HOPE OB DESIRE FOB THE THINGS OF THIS LIFE IS 8H0WI 
IN THE GOSPEL. THE MEDICINE FOB DESPAIB IS TO THINK ON CHBIST's SOBBOf. 



Bot qoen man wens al-fcr best 27004 
Fes liaue and sikemes and rest, 
])an sal he cum and naman wame, 
Als baret dos on wijf wit bame." 
And ))at he findes aU will quell, 
For-fi crist biddes in gospell, 27009 
" Wakes," he sais to cristen men, 
" For yee wat nojje?* quar ne quen, 
At or late, on day or night, 27012 
Je lauerd will cum tok Je his might ; 
For-fi bes war and tak god kepe 
pat he find yow noght on slepe." 
Again Je tofer hoping fat es 27016 
In werldes welth hald sikernes, 
We find a sothfast sample laid, 
Hu a riche til him-seluen said, 2701 9 
" Lijf," he said, " be glad and bUth, 
For ]7ou has soght in all pe sith 
Werldes welth to lijf in pese, 27022 
Nu ete and drinc and mak at es." 
Toqw«mcu[m] uoice it said, "Jjousotte, 
To-night fai sal cum fe to fott,^ 
fe findes, fat es for to say, [» ms. fett] 
Sal haue fi wreche saul a-wai. 27027 
Qwen fou fi-self to faim es taght, 
To qi^am fan sal f ou giue fin aght 1 " 
O wan-hope es far tua maners, 27030 
fat man fra scrift and penance bers, 
f e ferest fat sauls fele has spilt, 
Quen man for grettnes of his gilt 
Has tint f e hope o merci might, [coi. 2] 
And lijs he f ar-for in his plight, 
Ogains til hope es medicine, 27036 
To thine on iesn cristas pine, 
fat stranger es to lous we find 
pan ani sinn es for to bind. 27039 

COTTOy 



bot quen man wenis alder best, 
to haue pese & gode reste. 
fen sal he come & na man wame 
als baret dos on wife wif barne. 
& atte his wille al doun felle. 
for-f i crist biddis in f e gosspelle. 
wakis he sais to c/isten men. 
for 3e wate nauf er quare ne quen. 
arli or late on day or ni3t. 
f e lorde wil come to kif is mi3t. 
for-f i bes warre & takis gode kepe 
fat he finde 30U no3t on slepe. 
IF A-gaine f e tof er hoping* fat is. 
In werldis welf haldc sicurenes. 
we finde a sof-fast ensaumple laide. 
how a richeman til him-seluin saide-. 
loke fat f ou be glad & blif . 
f ou has I-nogh for al f i sif e. 
of werldis welf to line in peso, 
now ete & drink* & make atte ese. 
IF To quam a voice f us-gatis did say. 
to ni^t f ai salle f e focche a-way. 
fat is to sai f e foule fende. 
wif f i saule a-way salle wende. 
quen f ou f i-self to him is ta3t. 
to quam fen saltow giue fine a^t. 
IF Of wanhope is f er ij. maners. 
fat man fra shrift of penaunce bers 
f e first quen f orou his awen gilt 
he felis wele fat he is spilt. 
& lesis f e hope of merci ri^t. 
& lise far-fore in his pli3t. 
IF A-gainis f is is medicine 
to fink on ihesxi cristis pine, 
fat stranger is to lause we finde. 
fen ani synne is for to bin do. 

FAIRFAX 



3 MAKES MANY WILD ; THREE THINGS MAY HELP AGAINST THIS. THE WEAK- 1511 
)P THE DEVIL, STRENGTH THROUGH CHRIST (CASTING OUR BURTHEN ON HIM). 



als i tald noght sijen lang, 
an sin be neuer sa Strang, 27041 
uer ha lin sa lang fer-in, 
he will rise and bete his sin, 
e ne mai haf o merci state 27044 
hope fer-till Jjof it be late, 
ridd letting mas mani madd, 

}>ai vn-mesurii ar radd 

rising to fall egain, 27048 

mistrus in Jair aun main, 
sli mis-hope fat fai lij in, 
ar fai nakin god bigin. 27051 
here gain ha we botes thre, 
wit fat we mai strenghed be, 
st for waikenes of vr fa 27054 
ua-sum will mai were him fra, 
•at fa haldi noght to Strang 
Dot it on vr-self be lang, 
jain vr aun will vs win 27058 
5 til him to heild wit sin. 
[ua witstandes warlau will, 
as na might to do him ill, 
fra he feld be ans dun 27062 
js oue?*cummen as crachun. 
|?er medicine es o strengh 
lai man comforth eke and lengh, 
jjat strength es o gret ligthing, 

man has casten his birthing 

fat on him for wit lai, 27068 
iral was vnder fe findes fai, 
nu to crist es mad fre man 
? was thralled to sathan. 
it was bare of al succur, 27072 
has nu cledd in hijs honur 
: was vte o godds grith ; 
3 alle rightwisnes him wit 27075 

COTTON 



& als I talde no3t sif in lange. 

if mannis sinne be neuer squa strange 

or neuer haue laine sa lange fer-in. 

& he wille rise & bete his synne. 

fat he ne mai haue of mercy state 

& hope hit wele for I. hit wate. 

IF f e f rid letting* makis mani mad 

quen fai vn-wiseli ar drad. 

ofter rising* to falle againe. 

& mistrous in f aire awen maine. 

& for suche mishope as fai lye in. 

ne kepe fai nankin gode be-gynne 

IF Againe f is haue we botis fre 

quar-wif fat we mai strenghf id be 

f e first for wakenes of our fa. 

fat qua-sim wille mai kepe him fra 

for fat fa halde I. no^t ful st?'ange 

hot hit on our-self* be-lange. 

for neuer-mare he sal vs wynne. 

til we serue him in synne, 

& qua-sa mai wif -stande his wil. 

he has na mijt to do him ille. 

& fra he felled be anis doun. 

he lise ouer-commen as a crachou/j. 

IF f e tof er medicine is of strenght. 

fat mai man baf confort & lenght 

& fat strenght is of grete wyn. 

quen man has caste bis birf in, 

of synne fat on him be-fore lay. Df iis] 

& f ralle vn-to f e feindis sum day. 

& now to crist is made freman. 

fat ere was f rallid to sathan. 

IF he fat was bare of alle socour. 

crist has now cled in his armour. 

fat ere was out of goddis grif . 

now is alle ri3t-wisnes him wif. 

FAIRFAX 



1512 AGAINST THE HINDRANCE CAUSED BT SHAME ARE THREE HELPS; THl ; 
FIRST TO THINK ON HIM WHO SEES AND LOOKS OVER ALL THE WOBLD) 



J)at hali kirke had are for-saken, 
See has nu in hir helpes taken. 27077 
Je thrid es crist at vnder-stand 
pat til alle his es ai helpand. 
Scham es feferth letting toscau ^cJi^j}*''' 
fat we se fele fra penance drau,27081 
And namlikest fis ypocrites 
Jjat wald ai hide fair aun wites, 
fat a last mai on ofer se, 27084 

And on fam-self noght tua or thre 
Bot wald fai seme to mans sight 
In fair licam bath fair and slight, 
Wit-vten any wert or weme 27088 
Bot inwit fild wit filth and fene. 
For qua moght se fat saul wit-in 
Man suld it find ful fole wit sinn ; 
Again fis maner o letting, 27092 

We find thre wais o beting. 
IF f e first, to min on his oue?*-sight 
fat al wranges has to right, 
On f iskin sight fat al ouer-lais ; 27096 
We find f us as fe apostell sals, 
fat alle fis werld, on lagh and hei, 
Es nackind forwit cristis ei, 27099 
Noght an vr warkes fat ar wroght 
Bot vr thoghtes ar f ai be thoght, 
Al fat es gain als nu he seis, 27102 
And al fat es or euer bes. 
Thine for-f i naman scam in Hue, 
Noght anes to preist his sinnes scriue, 
Bot elles to godd bot was wicare 
In mans scappe he sittes fare, 27107 
And f of he f er his pouste here, 
fan f of mai fall he es sin fu Here. 
Qui suld f e scame fan sceu f i stat 
Til him fat alio f i warkes watt 1 27111 

COTTON 



fat hali kirk* had ere for-sakin. 
ho has now in hir helpis takin. 
IF f e f rid is crist atte vnderstande. 
fat tille alle his is ay helpande. 

[ 

. . . . no gap in the MS.] 
& nameli per ypocritis. 
fat walde hide f aire awen witis. 
fat an laste mai on of er se. 
& on ham-self no3t twa or f re. 
bot f ai walde seme to mawnis sijt 
in f aire licame baf faire & sHjt. 
wif-outin ani wart or wemme. 
wif -in f ai ar fulle of fen. 
qua mu^t se his saule wif-in. 
hit sulde be fundin foule of syn. 
IF Againe fis way of letting*, 
we finde f re maners of helping*. 
f e first to mynne of his ouersi3t 
fat alle wrangis has to ri^t. 
for certis his si3t al ouer laise 
we finde f us as f e apostel saise. 
fat alle fis werlde on lagh & heye 
is al f ing* be-fore cnstis eye. 
no3t an of our werkis fat ar wro3t 
bot al our f 03tis or f ai be f 03t. 
alle fat ar gane. al he seys. 
& alle fat ar or euer bes 
IF fink na man shame in his line. 
no3t an to prest his synnis shriue. 
In him is god I. warne f e 3are 
in mannis shap sittande fare, 
al if he fare his pauste here, 
fen f ou. mai falle he is sinfuller. 
quy sulde f e shame to shew f i state, 
tille him fat alle f i werkis wate 

FAIRFAX 



IN THE NEXT WORLD ALL PEOPLE WILL SEE THE SIN j 8RD, OUR 1513 
SON — HE IS A POOL THAT WILL NOT ACT TO HIS OWN PROFIT. 



• for all folk sal him blame 

>es ledd to soru and scam, 

)o]>er werld sal be, 27114 

)lk sal his sinnes se. 

he sais vn-to sli men, 

il sin sal i do ken 

rerld in your visage, 27118 

ieme o your vtrage. 

LU wald fra me hide ; 

fan your sinful pride." 
point, vr skilwisnes, 27122 

ud resun god it es 

le noght to do fe thing 
mikel beildes bring. 27125 
for a f ule to trou, [coi. 2] 

Dght do fat mai him prou ; 

. no gap in the MS.] 
s poiates ofer maa 27130 
man fra scrift al-sua ; 
\>at fou ]ji bising tas 
en fat oft misgas, 27133 
im sais in mikel plight 
i fin aun gilt bot light, 
ou tas to f e bald-hede, 
mans sinful dede 3 27137 
L mani wicked wate 
titter f e to fair state ; 



. no gap in the MS.] 
i sin fe likes sua 27144 
I wais it will forga. 
pointes fat scriftes lattes, 
saul to warlau gettes.27147 

COTTON 



IF f e tof er for al folk* sal him blame. 

quen he bes led to sorou & shame 

fat in f e tof er werlde salle be. 

fer alle folk salle his synnis se 

our lorde him sais vn-to suche men. 

30ur holow synne sal I. do ken. 

til alle f e werlde in jour visage. 

atte jou salle deme for jour outrage. 

& fat je now walde fra me hide. 

alle sal se fan jour sinful pride. 

IF f e f rid point our skil wytnes 

for skil & resoun gode hit is. 

fat we leue nojt to do f e f ing*. 

fat mai vs mikil beldes bring*. 

& he is for a fole to traw. 

fat walde nojt f e gode knaw. 

& f e iuel do a-way. 

& amende him quen he mai. 

IF jet salle I. teyche jou pointis ma. 

fat lettis man fra shrift alsqua. 

als quen f ou ensaumple tas. 

be oper men fat oft misgas. 

for f ou ham seyse f e fink* in plijt. 

f ou haldes fine awen gilt bojt lijt. 

IF or quen f ou takis to f e baldehede. 

of grete mewnis sinful dede. 

or for f ou mani wikked wate 

f ou drawes titter to f aire state. 

& ay f e ma fat is loste 

f e worre hit is wele f ou woste 

& f ou mai atte fi wille. 

quef er f ou wilt to gode or ille. 

IF or quen f i synnis f e likis squa. 

atte f ou na-wais wil hit for-ga. 

f er ar f e pointis atte shrift lettis. 

& mani to f e deiul hit gettis. 

FAIRFAX 



1514 THE PRIEST SHOULD BE INTELLIQENT, GENTLE, MEEK, PITIFUL, JUST, WISI 



ct 



ti 



(t. 



THE CIRCUMSTANCES THAT REGULATE PENANCE. ** WHO IS THE BINNEB, " WHiT 



Bxxm-quat es to sai her nest 27148 
])at falles to office o preist, 
Enent fe penance for to wirck. 
Wit stablising of hali kirck. 21151 
Preist agli be skilwis, soft, and meke, 
Eeuand, rightwis, luuelili speke, 
And namli think ))at es him knaun 
He hele it als it war his aun ; 27155 
Skilwisnes to knau ])i plight, 
Quilk pat es heui, and quilk es light, 
And namli knau fe circumstances 
pat mesurs oft-sithes vr penances ; 
An er psi aght in curs to kene, 27160 
Qua, qi^te, qui, quare, quam wit, qt^en, 
Hu oft-sith, on quatkin-wise ; 
Preist sal jiam knau if he be wise j 
Wit fis word "qua" fou agh to min, 
Quat man he es ))at did pe sin, 27165 
pat es quar he carman be. 
Woman or barn, or thral or fre, 
Riche or pour, or man in wiit 27168 
Or man mai falle was vte of itt, 
Man of office or dignite, 
Quere anlepe or spused be, 27171 
Werlds man, or clerc, or closterer, 
And quat order has he tan to here, 
Sib or freind, lok qi^ar it es, 27174 
p'la scapes his penance mar or lesse. 
" Q?^rtt," fat es to sai pe pligth 
Quefer it heui be or light, pifi5i,coi. i] 
^Als spuse-brek, slaghte?', or manath, 
Anlepe vn-kindli or elles lath, 27179 
QueJ)er it be priue don, or hid, 
Or it be knaun ded, or kid, 27181 

COTTON 



Of pe office of prest. 

Sum-quat wil I say here neste. 
))at fallis to pe office presto 
penaunce to giue for to wirk*. 
ofter pe ordenaunce of hali kirt. 
U Prest ag& be skilful soft & meke. 
knawande ri3twise loueli in speke. 
& quat shrift to him is knawen. 
he laine hit lelli as his awen. 
skilful to knaw pe -pli^t. 
quilc is heui & quilk is lijt. 
& nameli knaw pe circumstaunce. 
))at mesours of Bipe our penaunce. 
IF alsqua ham agh in cours to ken. 
qua. quat. quy. quare. quam wif . que: 
how oft-sife on quatkin wise, 
preste salle ham knaw if he be wise. 
^11 wijj pia worde qua pon agh to my 
qua hit is fat dos pe synne. p leaf us, i 
fat is to say quef er hit man be. 
wo7nman. or barne. f ralle. or fre. 
riche or pouer. or man in witte. 
or man mai falle. was out of hit. 
man of office or dignite. 
qneper anlepi. or spoused he be. 
werlds man. clert or cloistrere. 
& quat estate he dos here, 
sibbe or fremmed loke quef er he is. 
f er-ofter here penaunce mare or less 
& loke graidely quat is f e pli3t. 
quef er hit be heui or li^t. 
als spousebreke sla3ter or mane-af. 
anlepi. or vnkinde is laf . 
IF quef er hit be priue done & liid. 
or hit be knawen dide & kid. 

FAIRFAX 



IN, " why" it was done; *' where" (in chdrch, where only good 1515 

LD BE DONE? IN LADY'S BOWERI); "WITH WHOM"; "WHEN"; "how OFTEN'i" 



er it be aid or neuli wroght, 
preist it agh be soght ; 27183 
efter fat he findes far, 
n him penance less or mare, 
rid word " qui " sceus quat nede 
man at drau him to pia dede, 
wit fanding mare or lesse 27188 
Dlud filthes of his flexs, 
e fe sin him-seluen soght, 
lis flexs him fandid oght, 
J vnthankes or wit will, 27192 
quatkin strengh him draf fer-till, 
; pouert or ani couaittise 
him to fat sin to rise. 27195 

) ferth word " war " scens o f e sin, 
}-kin sted it wroght was in, 
:er in kyrcgarth, chapell or kyrk, 
laman agh bot god to wirk,27199 
% laucrd house or lauedi bure 
nan agh lest do dishonur. 
])is word " qiiam " wat mai we se 
q?«atkin helpes sinned he, 27203 
neper he be him an it did, 
end or consaild J?ar emid ; 
qua sin es messagere, 27206 
a fan es he pa?*8auier. 
7ord " qicen " pa.7i will vs tell, 
uatkin time in plight he fell, 
alitide or fastim dai 27210 

uilk he brak gain cristen lai, 
c him fel fis sinful chaunce, 
►r efter his tane penaunce, 27213 
far him-self wit word he meild 
1 of his youthed and his eild. 
-in fis word "hu oft-sith" 
. man to fe preist to kyth 27217 

COTTON 



quefer hit be aide or newli wro3t. 

of f e prest hit agh be so3t. 

& efter fat he findis him fare. 

gif him penaunce lasse or mare, pnede 

IF f is frid worde guy hit shewz^ qiuit 

was hit fat drogh man to f is dide 

quef er wif fonding* mare or lesse. 

he folowed f e filf is of his flesshe. 

or he f e synne him-seluin so^t. 

or his flesshe him fonded o^t. 

quef er vn-f ankis or wif his wille. 

quat-kin strenght him draue f er-tille. 

quef er pouert or couaitise. 

did him to fat synne to rise. 

IF f is worde quare is als muche at myn. 

as quare wro^t f ou fat synne. 

quef er kirk, jarde. chapel, or kirk* 

f e?* na man agh bot god to wirk*. 

our lorde hous our lauedi boure. 

f er na man sulde do dishonour. 

IF wif f is worde quam wif mai we se. 

wif quatkins helpis synnid he. 

& quef er be his ane he did hit do. 

or sande or counsaile he had f er-to. 

for qua of synne is messagere 

of perel is he parcenere. 

IF & f is worde quen is for to tel. 

In quatkin time f is pli^t felle. 

In halitide or fast-day. 

f e quilk he brak gaine cristis lay. 

quef er him tid f is sinful chaunce. 

be-fore or ofter his tane penaunce 

& quef er he was f us dessayuid. 

sone ofter his creature he resceyuid 

IF wif-in f is worde how oft-sif e 

agh man to f e preste to kif e 

FAIRFAX 



1516 IN ''what manner" was the 8IN. OF MEN IN RELIGIOUS H0U8B 
PRIEST SHOULD ASK AGGORDING TO THE 12 ABUSES ; OF THE GLERGY SECULAB, 



Hu oft he had don fat sin, 27218 

If fat he can far-of min, 

And wit hu fele wywimen don, 

For mani es wers fan es fon, — 

fe sare fat neued es sithes fele 27222 

It es f e harder for to hele. 

f is word " hugat " it mai us lere [coi. 2] 

O f e ded f e right manere, 

Ne for nathing at waand to tell, 27226 

Of alle his ded hu it be-fell ; 

Ilk man fat will ta yeme, 

In f is he mai him-seluen deme, 

Quare he als man agh to do, 27230 

Or bestli als naman feirs to. 

IF f e preist a^h spere al wit resun 

men es in religion, 

Namli hu f ai lede fam-self, 27234 

Anentes f e abusiones tuelf, 

f e formast reccles prelat es 

Lare child wit-vten buxumnes, 27237 

Yong man idel, and aid man dill, 

Clethyng o pris, and mete at will, 

Monk, curtelain, or aduocate, 27240 

Tif and in cloister of vncuth state. 

Dine in chapitil, wandring in quere, 

Vn-boandnes a-bote f e autere. 

Enentes clergis seculers 27244 

To fe preist at frain it feres 

symony, of couaites, 

Or ani wrangwis merchandise. 

Or wasting of his rent, 27248 

Q,uar he tas til his teinds tent. 

Or clething beres fat feis to clerc, 

Or cron fat es o clergi mere ; 

If he in hali order be, 

Spere of irregularite. 27253 

COTTON 



how oft he had done fat synne. 

if he can f er-on ojt mynne. 

& wite wif quat womman hit waa 

for sum ar worre fen summe in cas 

f e sare fat newed is oft-sif is. 

hit is f e worre to hele I.-wis. 

IF f is worde quatkin wise wil fe lew | 

of f e dide f e ri3t manere. 

ne for na wonde f ou aske to telle 

of al his didis how f ai felle. 

ilk man fat wil take 3eme. 

in f is he mai him-seluiu deme. 

[ 

no gap in the if/S.] 

% f e prest agh spire in gode resoTiw 
of men fat ar in religion;*. 

[ 

no gap in the M8,'\ 

quelk reccheles prelatis is. 

of childer. wif-outin buxumnes 

3onge men Idel & aide men dil 

clef ing' of prise & mete to wille. 

Monke. curtelaine. or a-vocate. 

tif ande in cloyster of vncouf state 

dine in chapitel wandrand in quere 

vnbonandenes a-boute f e autere 

H anendis f e clerkis seculers. 

agh f e preste to fraine him fers. 

of symony of couaitise. 

or ani wrangewis marchandise. 

or of wasting* of his rent. 

quef er he takis til his teindis tent. 

or clef ing* beris fat fers clerk*. 

or croun fat is clergi merk*. 

if he in hali ordour be. 

spir of irregularite. 

FAIRFAX 



NS ; OF LORDS, IF THET MAINTAIN JUSTICE; OF KNIOHTS, BAILIFFS, 1517 
N, WOMEN-SERVANTS, PLOUGHMEN, TRADESMEN, EACH AFTER HIS CONDITION. 



kes lauerdings sal he frain 
|7ai riglitwisnes sustain ; 27255 

. . no gap in tlie MS,^ 

knightes, o mistakyng 
nli wrangwis warraing ; 

bailis, als o landes 27260 
er men wirkand wit handes, 
\ o manath, lesing o suik, 
Ith ]jat riueli folus slike ; 
mmew hu ]jai fam lede, 27264 

okiryng tan o wede 3 

til-men of enuie, 
air tending namli ; 27267 

. . no gap in the MS.^ 

al mister men in lede 

3 fam to scriueyng bede, 

jai fair mister leli do 27272 

;es ani suilk far-to, 

f er weght or mette '^®*^cJf'i?"'^» 

) lagh in land es sett ; 

i del wit merchandise, 27276 

es wit weght, or mett, or bijs 

n suik agh wit resun 

of restituciuTi. 

ig loke J)e preist be sli, 27280 

iierbald bot als on drei 

thinges, namly 

in kind kend in lichery, 

penly fe sin to frain, 27284 

\ algat he do his pain 

utise and wit compasing, 

I de?m fe nedder bring, 27287 

he war fe enchaunturs fare 
him noght faw in neue?Tnare. 

COTTON 



IF Anendis lordingis sal to fraine. 

quefer fai rijt-wise sustaine. 

& spendis mekeli wij) gode entent 

l^e grete riches god has ham lent 

IF Anendis \im^iu8 mistaking*. 

& nameU wrangewis werraing*. 

IF Anendes baillifs als of lande 

& mister men wircande ^ith handis 

spire of mana)). lesing* & squike. 

& stul]} \ai comunQM folowes slike. 

^ of borow wewimen foujjai haue ham led 

aneyndis okering* tane or wed. p i«af iwj 

IF Aneyendis tilmen of enuy. 

& of ]7aire teinding* nameli 

& atte better ])aire awen er]) tills 

])en tille o])er men ))at ham hiris. 

aneyndis al mister men in lede 

J)at to shrining* wil ham bede. 

quefer f ai faire mister lelli do. 

& mengis ani gile ])er-to. 

IF also of fals we3t & mette 

againe \q lagh in lande is sette 

if ])at ])ai dele wi)) marchandise 

wi]j a we3t sellis. & wiJ) a-nofer bies, 

for suche kin Jjing* yfith gode resou?e 

sulde men make restituciouTi. 

IF In spiring* prest loke f ou be sleye. 

no^t ouer balde bot halde on drey. 

In fakin ])ingis nomandelL 

}7at is gaine kinde in leccheri. 

no3t opinli fe synne to fraine. 

bot ellis algate he do his paine. 

wiJ) quaintise & wi)) compasing*. 

out of his denne \q nedder bring* 

fat quen he wate fenchantowr fare 

he dragh him^ fen inner-mare ^^^'^Lq 

FAIRFAX 



1518 THE PRIEST MUST DRAW OUT THE CONFESSION WITH GENTLE WORDS, LID 
A mother; and help THE SINNER WITH PRATER AND SriCPATHT. 



fat es, pat }e preist "be slei 27290 

To gar fe man him-seluen wrei, 

And wit sli compasing abate 

Him scbam, noght seen his sinnes vte, 

Or elles he gis him lightli lare 27294 

To fall in sin he kneu noght are. 

He hert fe sinful wel wit-all 

Jat he him were ai well fra fall, 

Jat. he stedfastly hope and tru 27298 

To haue merci o suete ihesu j 

And if he seis pat it be nede, 

He sal jje sinful helping bede, 

Bath in p7*aeyer and almes-dede 27302 

pat mai pe sinful helpe to mede. 

If mister be wit thret and au, 

He sal him til a-mendes drau, 27305 

Vm-quil wit wordes soft and mild, 

Als moder tilland dos hir child. 

And haf he soru far-of in hert 27308 

Quen hiwi most nede be funden smert j 

He agh part o j^e birthin bare, 

fat of his blis wil be parsener. 

For priue plightes and vnkyd 27312 

He sal gif scrift priue and hid, 

Ne it es comanded in hali writte 

pe preist nam no spire to wijt 

O fa fat did pe sin wit fe, 27316 

Namlik if it be still priue, 

Ne Jjou agh not it for to scan 

Bot he mai nagat elles knau 

Jje circumstances o pe plight, [coi. aj 

For to tax pe penance right. 27321 

Wijf spuse-brek sal dem penance 

Do sua wit preist ordinance, 

\>at SCO hir saul be sauuand, 27324 

And noght suspect til hir husband. 

COTTON 



fat is to say. fat he be sley. 
to gere f e man him-seluin wrey. 
& wif suche compasing* a-boute 
him shame no3t to shaw his synniso 
or ellis he giuis him li^tli lare. 
to falle in synne he knew no3t are 
IF f ou teyche f e sinful wele wif-alli 
fat he kepe him wele fra falle. 
fat he stedefast hope & trow, 
to haue mercy of squete ihe^u. 
& if he sese fat hit be nede. 
he sal f e sinful helping* bede. 
fat mai f e sinful help to mede. 
baf in praier & almus-dede. 
if mister be wif f rete & aw. 
he salle him tille amendis draw, 
vmquile wif soft & wordis milde. 
als modir tillande dos hir childe. 
& haue sorou f er-of in hert. 
quen he mo^t nede be fundin sme: 
he agh part of f e penaunce here 
fat of blis wille be parcenere. 
IF for priuey synne & vnkid. 
he salle giue priuey shrift & hid. 
al-squa I. defende f e hit. 
to spir f e name for to witte. 
of ham fat did f e synne with pe. 
nameli if hit be synne priue. 
ne f ou agh no^t hit for to shaw. 
bot he ne mai nagatis ellis knaw 
f e circumstance of f e pli3t. 
for to tax f e penaunce ri^t. 
[w] ife spousebreke sale deme pen 
be giuen wif prestis ordena 
fat ho hir saule be sauuande. 
& no3t susspecte til hir housband 

FAIRFAX 



iD TEAOH THB SINNER PBATEBS, GREED, AND FORMS OF CONFESSION; 1519 
[ST FORGIVES THE WELL SHRIVEN, IS WRATHFUL AGAINST THE UNSHRIVEN. 



agh ask ))e sinful man 27326 
e his pater nostei can, 
naria and his crede^, £ ^^.5 
dn trouth he trous in lede, 
bo monest him ful gerne, 
1 can noght, for to leme. 
als he may reche 27332 

scrift til him he teche ; 
in and hu fe wiue 
[uen J?ai fam cuw to scrife, 
Lt-vten pompe and pride, 
3 preist fot be-side, 27337 
aoght in fe ei 
bine scam hir-self to wrei j 
and luueli sennoning, 27340 
penant to half-reuing, 
he mai in right scrift Hue 
3 gar him gilt for-giue. 
al-gat he be in will, 27344 
ides do far he did ill. 
him scrift for charite 
► man was of sa f re, 
bim dei on rode tre 27348 
il man suld saued be ; 
f e sinful bides lang, 
ijs him ai for to fang ; 
an fat wele es scriuen 27352 
b his giltes all forgiuen ; 
n scam pat he ne mak 
aaulage of aU his sak ; 27355 
a to preist in man state, 
\ to godd pat althing wate. 
le wit na serif will tak 27358 
him of vr lanerd wrak, 
ruful dai o pain 
d man es graid again, 27361 

COTTON 



IF pe preste agfi aske pe sinful man. 

quBper he his pater-noster can. 

his aue maria & his crede 

wif quatkin trauf he trawes in lede 

& for to monast him ful gerne. 

if he ham can nojt for to leme. 

& als ferre as he mai reyche. 

pe f ourme of shrift til him he teycfi. 

how pe man & how pe wife. 

sal sitte quen fai ham come to shrife 

meke wiJ)-outin pompe & pride. 

to sitte pe prestis fote be-side. 

be-halde pe womman no3t in pe eye. 

fat hir fink* shame hir-seluin wrey. 

wif squete & loueli sarmoning' 

pe wordis out of his hert he bring*. 

& at he mai in trauf Hue. 

his penaunce til him he giue. 

& loke algatis he be in wille. 

to do amendis per he did ille. 

IF he shawe him cristis charite. 

fat he to man was of sa fre 

how fat he deyed on rode tree. 

for sinful man sulde sauid be. 

how criste f e sinful a-bidis lange. 

& ay is redi him for to fange. 

& how til man fat wele is shriuin 

has crist his giltis al for-giuin. 

& bid him opin knawlage make. 

& lette for na shame to shew his sake. 

no3t an to preste in mannis state. CJfJJJ* 

bot ellis to god fat alle f ing* wate. 

IF & if he wif na shrift wille take. 

f ou shew him of his lordis wrake. 

& of fat sorouful day of paine. 

fat sinful man is graif id a-gaine. 

FAIRFAX 



1520 WHEN CONFESSION IS MADE, THE PRIEST MUST SAW THB BOT OTIT 01 fll 
TREE WITH THE SAW OF PENANCE. HE MUST GIVE COUNSEL FOB SIN, AS MUMflol 



fo dai o wreth, o quak and soru, 

J)ar nan has might to ojer boru ; 

Hu soft it her es for to mend 2? 364 

Forbi fat pine wit-vten end. 

All suilk thinges i him scan, ^tou\?' 

t)at mai his hert to penance drau, 

Til him fan his here he lay, 27368 

For to here quat he will say. 

And quen he herd has his scriueyng, 

fe preist bi-gin fan his franyng, 

Sua o ferrum for to spi 27372 

Til he find quar f e roting ly, 

fat dos f e tre bigin to rote. 

Away to sagh f am ilk crote. 

Wit fe sagh o penance treu 27376 

fat f e frut spring efter neu. 

Quilk ar f aa sinnes fat scrift sal scan 

I sal fam recken sifen on ran, 27379 

"Wit fair springes her-efter neist, 

Quen i ha tald f e office o preist. 

Forrightals flexs lechesal dele ' ^^ ded.*** 

Wit serekyn salue to sares hele, 273^3 

For sere feuer and sere es wonde. 

And sua to mak f e saul sonde, 

Be-houes f e preist giue sere consail 

fat it mai gain sin awaiL 27387 

For sekenes fat o cald es numen 

Wit hete it agh to be ouercummen. 

If it of hete be, fen agh f e leche 

Cald medecin farto teche, 27391 

And fat salue fat es for f e fote 

It es noght for f e een bote. 

To wond flexs far falles an 27394 

Anof er heling, to brokin ban, — 

Til all sares sere es sett, 

Salues sere to be wit bett. 27397 

COTTON 



f e day of wraf & wrake & sorou. 
fat nane has mi3t at of er boron, 
how soft hit here is for to amende, 
for bi fat pine wif -outin ende. 
alle suche f ingis he him shawe. 
fat mai his hert to penaonce drawee 
til him fan his ere he lay. 
for to here quat he wille say. 
IF & quen he herde has his shrimn^ 
f e prest be-gynne fen his fraining*. 
squa on ferrum for to spy. 
tille he finde quare f e roting* ly. 
p fat do]s f e tree for to rote* 
& makis hit deye ilka grote. 
for-f i take he his penaonce trew. 
& make f is tree to spring* newe. 
IF qmlk* ar fa synnis atte shrift sal sh 
I sal ham rekkin sif in on raw. 
wif f aire braunchis here-ofter neste 
quen I. haue talde office of^ preste. 
IF For ri3t as flesshe leche salle dele, 
wif diue?*se saluis to saris hele. 
for an is feuer a-nof er is wounde. 
alsqua to make f e saule sounde. 
be-houis f e prest giue diue^'se consa 
fat hit mai gaine f e synne a-vaiL 
IF for sekenis fat of calde is no?niiii 
wif hete hit agh to be ouer-commiu 
if hit of hete be fen agh f e leche. 
calde medicine fen far to teyche 
& fat salue fat is for f e fote. 
hit is no^t for f e eyen bote. 
to wounde of flesshe per fallis ane. 
a-nof er heling* to brokin bane. 
tille alle saris diuerse ar sette. 
saluis d[iu€r]sis to be wif bette 

FAIRFAX 



[* This line comes at the bottom of the 2ud col. 



s MS. or altered to of.] 



CKNESS^ EACH FAULT HAS ITS OWN PENANCE. THE PRIEST MUST KEEP 1521 
TB ALL CX)NF£SSIONS; OB LOSE HIS PRIESTHOOD. A MAN CONFESSES UNBELIEF. 



gains ilk sake 27398 

e-kin penance sett to take, 
przde es buxum to be, 
enuy es luue and charite, 
wreth es tholmodenes, 27402 
Lte again lust o flexs, 
aes sett again couetteis, 
memes es fat in serueis, 27405 
d he be nent godd and man 
]7at lie mai and can. 
glotory sobumes o mete, — 
wit ofer sal be bett. 27409 

pat said es to ]>e preist [coi. 2j 
Id it consail euer in breist, 
akin case pat mai tide 27412 
SO bald mans serif t vnhide, 
• wit tokin ne wit muth, 
aun man ne till vncuth. 
[ua es fimden here again 27416 
jflastandhesalhapayn, 
rat wit-all lie sal be fade, 
ifen tine his preist-hade, 
i]>en in all ai euer his Hue 27420 
.erd penance for to driue ; 
be sua herd a dede 

mare consail be nede, 

ua his rede ask he 27424 

iman scrift vn-couer be. 

1 him cums al for to serine 
I misdedes of his line, 

etes mang all oper thing 27428 

) es fallen in miskenyng^, 

U forber all oper sak, 

is misleuyng noght for-sak, 

: he will far-fra him drau 27432 

lauscip he will noght scan, 

COTTON P ? misriilkenyng] 



alsqua a-gaine ilk sake. 

is diuerse penaunce gode to take. 

a-gaine pride is buxumnes for to be 

gaine enuy loue & charite. 

gaine wraf is f ole-modenes 

chastite gaine luste of flesshe 

largesse gaine couaitise is sette. 

a-gaine squering* most praiers be bette 

J)us moste he penaunce gif to man. 

ofter his didis ofter he can. 

gaine gluttery sobemes is mete 

ilkan wij) of er agh to bete. 

IT pQ synne fat saide is to fe prest 

he halde consail euer in brest. 

for manikin f ing him mai be-tide 

& he man shrift vn-hide. 

nsmper wif ensaumple ne wiJ) mouj). 

tille knawen man ne to couj). 

& qua here-to is fundin a-gaine 

his life lastande he salle haue paine 

first to lese his tonge in dede 

& squa for-ga his prest-hede. 

[ 

no gap in the. MS.] 

hot if hit be squa harde a dide 
fat to counsail he haue nede. 
atte wiser squa his rede aske he. 
fat na man shrift sklaunderet be. 

A man him comis for to shriue. 
of alle f e misdidis in his Hue. 
& grauntis amonge aUe of er f ing*. 
fat he is falHng* in misliking* 
he wille for-bere al of er sake, 
hot of misbeleue wil he nojt slake, 
or f ou he wille f er-fra him draw. 
his felaw-shepe he wil no^t shaw. 

FAIRFAX 



1522 IN THB CASE WHERE BOTH CONOBiOiMENT AND DISOOYEBT ABB NEEDKDl 
PRIEST HAD BETTER GO TO THE BISHOP. IF A BITTER ENMITT IS CONFESSED 10 1 



pat in fat ilk plight er bunden, 27434 

For drede fai suld be knaun or funden ; 

Or if lie neuens Jam, mai be-tide, 

He will fe preist Jam hele and hide, 

And be for him sais sli resun 27438 

He dredis manas or tresum, 

Or he has suom, mai fall, ]>at he 

Sal hid and hele all fair priuete, 

Or dredis if J>ai fe ouer-tan 27442 

For ])air sak ])ai mai be slain, 

Or for it es als vnder sel 

O scrift him sceud al to consaiL 

Ic ask hu sal pe preist him lede 27446 

Qz/en hide and vnhide bath es nede ) 

Certes rede es better nan, 

fan to J)e biscop gan on an, 27449 

And sai, " sere biscop, ta god kepe, 

Jje wolf es cummen amang fi scepe." 

Or snilk a man he seen it to 

fat help will and nanofer do. 27453 

Of a nof er man ask i rede, 

fat haldes wreth in hert and fade, 

And f ar-of es he greuid sua ^®^if I'l^^' 

fat he ne wil leue for wel ne wa ; 

Quare ener he mai fat man ouer-tak, 

He sal wit suerd apon him wrak, 

And fis to preist fan sceus he 27460 

Als vnder scrift in priuete. 

fe preist fat he es scriue?i til 

For nathing he weind his will, 

And dredis fat fis case sal fall, 27464 

For he es fole and fell wit all ; 

f e preist fat wat fis puruiance, 

Hu sal he ber him in fis chance 1 

fe tent if he tell o fis man 27468 

O scrift es he discurer fan, 

COTTON 



fat in fat ilk synne ar bunden. 
fordrede f ai sulde be knawenorfuudi 
or if he tellis ham mai tide, 
he wille f e prest ham hele & Me. 
& he for him sais suche resotin. 
he dredis man af or tresoun. 
or he has soron^ mai falle fat he. 
salle hide & hele f aire priuete. 
or dredis if f ai be ouer-tane. 
for f aire sake f ai mai be slan. 
or for hit is als vnder sele. {}readn 
of shrift him shewed al to counse] 
I. aske how salle fis prest him le* 
quen hidde & vn-hid baf is nede 
IF certis rede is "better nane. 
fen to f e bisshop for to gane. 
& sai sir bisshop take gode kepe. 
a wolf is commin amang* f i shep 
or suche a man he shewe hit to. 
fat can him help & counsail do. 

Of a-nof er man I. aske rede, 
haldis wraf in hert to lede 
& f e?'-of is he greuid squa. 
fat he ne wille leue for wele ne 
quare-euer he mai fat man oue?'- 
he salle wif squorde a-pon him ' 
& fis to prest fen shewes he. 
als vnder shrift in priuete. 
f e prest fat he is shriuin tille. 
for na-f ing< mai he turne his wil 
& dredis atte fis cas sal falle. 
for he is fole & felle wif-alle. 
f e prest fat wate fis puruiaunce 
how salle he here him in fis chi 
f e entent if he tel of fis man. 
of shrift is he discouered fan. 

FAIRFAX 



est go to the foe to make it up ; but he must act discreetly, 1623 
:ray the shrift, he should always pray before hearing shrift. 



3 wat and warnis noglit, 
he saked if it be wroght ; 
Dte J)at i se here lij, 27472 
3ist wend priuely 
er mans faa, 
til him he her him sua 
iUe men fat he, 27476 

nd line mai saued be, 
) til any mis has don 
i and werk he mend it son. 
[lis red be tan o wijt 27480 
3 Jjus in hali wrijt, 
nan gas j>in offrand to mak, 
rojjer haf gain fi sak, 
be wit fi brofer at an, 27484 
a fin offrand mak o-nan," 
i case fe preist be sli 
le na serif ne wrey, 
fat he be funden wise, 27488 
uere sere he seis it rise 
e ga to serif tea here 
ay Jus first his praier, 27491 
him-self and for his scepe 
3 ward es taght to kepe. 
, fat all has for to weild, 
aful be bote and held, 27495 
me, wreche vnworthy, 
t wroght wit f i merci. 
;chiply, i thane it f e, 27498 
a simple wroght als me 
roght vnto preist-hade, 
folk to here fair lade, 27501 
fco p7'ai f e and honur [coi. 2] 
ne made als mediator, 
ator and messager, 27504 
ind f am fair errand here, 
cotton 



[ 

no gap in the MS,] 

IF f e best bote at lise here-bi. 

fat f e prest wende p?iueli 

to f is of er mannis fa. 

& prai for c?ist he here him squa. 

anyendis alle men fat he. 

to sanle & life ma sauid be. 

& if he til ani amis haue done. 

wif worde & werk* he mende hit sone. 

& at f is rede be tane of witte. 

C7"ist biddus f us in hali writte, 

IT if f ou man gas fine offerande make 

& f i brof er gaine f e haue sake. 

make f e wif f i brof er at an. 

& sif in fine offerande make on-nan. 

In alle suche cas f e prest be sley. 

squa fat he na shrift ne wrey. 

in waf fat he be fundin wise. 

to lette quare-sim he sese hit rise. 

And or he ga to shriftis here, 
fat first he make f us his praiere 
baf for him-self & for his shepe. 
fat in his warde is tajt to kepe. 
lorde fat alle has for to welde. 
to me sinful be bote and belde. 
f ou fat of me wrecche vn-worf i, 
f i seruande wro^t wif f i merci. 
& worshepeli I. f ank hit f e. 
fat suche ensaumple wro3t has me. 
fat me has bro3t vn-to prest-hede 
f i folk for to wisse & lede. 
I f ank* f e lorde of fine honour, 
f ou has me made a mediatour. 
als mediatour & messagere. 
twix ham & f e f aire erande here. 

FAIRFAX 



1524 MAT CHRIST OIVE GRACE TO ALL WHO RBPBNT. THBRB ARE SEVEN GHH 
SINS THAT WAR AGAINST CHARITY, THE CHIEF VIRTUE. 



For to prai J)e for fair plyglit 27606 

]»at }ai wit penance mai ]>am right. 

]»ar*f or iesvL nu prai i fe, 

fat will all sinful sauued be, 

fat ])ai ])i sotMastnes mai knauy27510 

And thoru J)i prophet wald vs scan, 

pou will nogbt sinful mans ded, 

Bot turn again and do ])i rede. 

Here mi praier, lauerd, fat i 27514 

fe mas in hope o fi merci, 

For all J)a fat fi purueance 

Sal bring, or broght has to penance, 

f ou grant fam wit fin hali grace 

O reuth and o repentyng space. 27619 

Might f ou rise and brek f e land 

fat halden es in findes hand, 

For me and f aim i haue to yeme, 

f ou mak mi consail f e be quern." 

[Of the Seven Deadly Sins.'] 

Alle f e sinnes fat er to scriue, ^^^^^'^^' 
Es nan f am alle mai neuen in Hue, 
};at all mai tell, bath mare and lesse, 
))at tung in liif has nan fat es. 27527 
Bot of all of er es far seuen 
Hed sines quilk i sal neuen ; 
For hed sinnes tald ar fai, 27530 

For fai gain charity werrai, 
])at es f e hefd god then of all. 
And fai er dedli cald wit-all. 
Dedli fa fou vnderstand, 27534 

))at bring man to ded lastand, 
])oi man o f aim ha noght bot an, 
And at his end far-in be tan. 27537 
Vte fir seueu all of er springes, 
Als of f e stou^n f e branches hinges ; 

COTTON 



for to pray f e for f aire plijt 
atte fai wif penaunce mai hamii)i. 
far-fore ihe^ fen pray I. f e. 
fat wil alle sinful sauid be. 
fat fai f e sof fastnes mai knaw. 
& f orou f e prc?phete walde vs skv. 
fou wil nojt sinfullis mannis dede. 
bot. tume againe & do f i rede. 
IF here mi praier lorde fat I. 
f e make in hope of f i mercL 
for alle fa fat f i puruiaunce. 
salle bring* or brojt has to penaunw 
fou graunte ham wif fine hah grac' 
of reuf & of repentaunce space. 
mi3t to rise & breke f e bande. fe ^ 
fat haldin is in feindis hande. ded 
& gif me grace ham to 3eme. syiu 
fat hit mai lorde be to f e queme. 



Alle f e sinnis fat ar to shriue. 
is nane ham alle mai neynen 
fat alle mai telle baf mare & lesse. L 
fat tonge in line naure-quare is. 
of alle of 6?r per ar vij. 
heued synnis fat I sal neyuen. 
IT for heued synnis calde ar fai. 
for fai againe charite werray. 
fat is f e heuid gode thewe of aL 
& fai ar dedeli synnis we calle. 
dedeli fai ar fou vnderstande 
for fai brings man to dede lastande 
IF if fou of ham haue bot an. 
& atte fine ending* f er-in be tane. 
out of fer vij. alle ofir springis. 
als ouer f e stouin f e braunchis hir 

FAIRFAX 



!RS SPRING FROM THEM; THE OTHER SMALL SINS ARE GALLED 1525 
VENIAL, BECAUSE THET ARE EASY TO WASH AWAT. 



f es o])er sines smale, 27540 
Bs clepes veniale, 
sua hall man es noght 
) vmquil wit faim es soght ; 
ai eth. er for to right, 27544 
jjam venial and light ; 
or es it light to sai, 
eth to wesche awai. 27547 



IF hot fer is oper synnis smale. 

fat clerkis callin veniale. 

]>e quilk sa hali man is nojt. 

J)at he ne vmquile wif ham is sojt 

for J)ai ej)e ar to rijt. 

men callis ham veniale & Ix^t 

& fer-fore hit is lijt atte say. 

for hit is eth to wasshe a-way 



[No gap here in tliAse MSS.^ 



COTTON 



FAIRFAX 



1526 PRIDE COMMONLY SPRINGS FROM THREB THINGS, FOBTUNB (WEALtH 
power), grace (virtue, LEARNING, SWEET VOICE, BBADT TONGUB), 



[Pnde.] 

[ 

no gap in the MS,] 

And for pride es fe formast sin, P[j^5J» 
Of liim to spek I wil begin. 27551 
And \>a.T es namli tuin thinges 
pat riuelist pride of springes. 
Pride es a lust, i sal noght lei, 27554 
His aun stat ]7at man wald hei ; 
And rises it, qua soth mai se 



Riuelist o thinges thre, 



27557 



O warids happe, o grace and kind, 
Efter ]>at we in writtes find ; 
Werlds happe, and clath, and fode. 
Has or rent or o\>er gode, 27561 

Mensk, riches, and priuete, 
Welth, or lauerdscipp, or pouste. 
Grace, and vertu, and god fame, 
Lare and of god loueword nam, 27565 
For steuen suet, for rede tung, 
For lauerds loue, for maidens yong. 
kind cums for craf, gentris, 
bodi fairhede, o wiit ha pris. 27569 
And oft bitides fat man es 
Bicummen prode for halines. 
And lates oft lightly o f aa 
Men fat er noght funden sua ; 27573 
Jam we ne agh lightli to late 
Bot agh wel fair pride to hate. 
And agh we to thine eucr ilike ; 
Al-be-it fai be semand ilike ; 27577 
}5ai haf in f aim sum hidd buwte 
Jjat bett^ mai fain ors be ; 
We may se bitide and of-sise 27580 
pe standand fall, the falland rise, 

COTTON 



bot of f e dedeli first wil I td 
& sythen I wiH of yeniale speUe 
H ' & for pride is f e formast sjnne 
of him to speke I. wille be-gynsd 
& f er is namli f rin f ingis. P letf iM,tii| 
fat riueli f e pride of springis. 
pride is a luste if I ne sal leys, 
his awen state fat man walde bey 
& risis qua sof mai se. 
comwweli of f ingis f re. 
of werldis happe. of grace, of kinder 
efter fat we in writtis finde. 
werldis hap als claf & fode. 
house or rent or of er gode. 
menske richesse & dignite. 
welf or lordeshepe or pauste. 
IF grace als vertu gode & fame, 
lare & of gode worde name, 
for steyuen squete for redi tonge, 
for lauedis loue for maidenis jODge 
IT of kinde comis craft force & gentriae 
of bodi faire-hede of witte haue prise 
& oft be-tidis fat man L-wis. 
be-comis proude for vn-kunningnes ^ 
& letis li3tli be ham. 
fat mare gode fen he can. 

[ 



no gap in the MS,] 

IF & we mai se be-tide of-sif e. 
f e standande falle f e fallande rise 

FAIRFAX 



^^ATURE (STRBNQTH, BEAUTT, WISDOM). SOM£ ARE PROUD OF HOUNESS, 1527 
■^ WB MUST NOT HATE THEIR GOOD WORKS, BUT THEIR PRIDE. 




'ere will I tell a schort tretice 
made of J)e seuyn dedly vice ; 
and f or pnde es ])e f ormast sin, 
,at him to speke I will bigyn. 
-j .menmayfind fare er tlu-e thingesPJ^j^^» 
. fe whilk pride riueliest of springes. 
Of werldes liap, of grace of kinde, 
als men may in sere bukes finde ; 
Pnde es a lost, withowten legh,27556 
yai ever his awin state wald hegh ; 
and raise it up als men may se, 
riueliest in thinges thre, 27559 

For werldes hap, als dath or f ode, 
Hows, or rent, or ofer gude, 
Erthly honowre, or priorte, 27562 
Welth, or lordschip, or pouste ; 
Grace or vertose, or gude fame, 
Grete wirschip, or worth! name ; 
For steuin swete, for redy tong,27566 
For ladis luf , or maydens ^ong, 
For kind, for craft, or for gentrise, 
Fop fairhed, or for wit of prise. 27569 
And oft it f alles ]>at sum man es 
Bycomen prowd for halines, 
And lates lighUy of aU J^a 27572 

|»t he wate er noght halden swa ; 
Of ]yam we suld noghtly late 
For of J)aire gude werkes noght we wate, 
If ]»i do ill think euer inlike ; 27576 
All if ])ai seme vntill vs slike ; 
ysa, baue in ])am sum hid bounte 
f&t more & better |)an owres may be ; 
And we may se als on ])is wise 27580 
fe standand fall, pe falland rise, 

C0TT021 GALEA 



1528 WB MUST DISPRAISE OURSELVES, PRIDE COMES NOT OF OBAC^.BUT Of 
ourselves; thence come VAIN-OLORT, HTPOCRISY, strife and DISCORD, 



For-fi agli we to be dutand 27582 
For to fall pa.t es standand ; 
And we agh ilk man upraise, 
And in vr hert vrself dispraise. 
Pride es, if J)ou eaer it wend 27586 
]}i-self was noght o grace pe send^ 
Bot ar pan wenis pou ]7at it 
£s cammen all o pin aun wiit, 
Or wenis for pi wirscip wel, 27590 
J)at pe is graunted all J)i sele ; 
Or quen fat f ou fe roses oght 
O thing J)ou has, or had it noght. 

[ 

no gap in the MS.] 

O pride becums als wainglory, 27596 
J)at es to be o roos gredi ; 
Ypocrisi, vte-wit to seme [coi. 2] 

Dughti man tofor to deme, 
Bot he es noght al in-wit sua; 27600 
Inow no mai man find o faa 
}?at neuer es in hale ne hold, 
And vte-wit es ouergilt wit gold. 
pride bicumis strif and discord, 
J)at es quen man will noght acord 
Till oper men, ne be vnknaun, 27606 
And nathing will prais bot his aun. 
pride bicums thrones o thrett, 
Hething, threp, and athes grett, 
Als sum fat think na better gleu 
}?an ilk day find athes neu ; 27611 
Jjai fat sua vgli athes suers. 
Wonder es hou J? is erth f am bers. 
For f ai for-sak not crist allan, 
Bot missais bath him, lith and ban. 
O p7*zde bicu7?is vnbuxumnes, 27616 
Strif, and strutt, and frawardnes. 

COTTON 



for-f i agh we to be doutande. 
for to falle fat is standande. 
Ss we agh ilkman our-self vpraise 
& in our hert vs vnpraise. 
IF Pride is if f ou euer hit wende. 
f i sele was no3t of grace f e sende 
bot if f ou wenis cej-taine at hit. 
is commin of fine awen witte. 
or wenis for f i worshepe wele. 
fat f e is graunted al fat sele. 
or quen fat f ou f e rosis ojt. 
or sais f ou has & has hit nojt. 

[ 

no gap in the MS.] 

IT of pride be-comis al vainglori 

fat is to be of rose redi. 

du3ti man wif-out to seme 

& Ipocrite wif-in to deme. 

of suche men f ai wirkis squa. 

I-nogh mai we finde of fa. 

fat wif-in is rotin as molde. 

& wif-oute gilt as golde. 

IT Of pride be-comis strife & discorde 

fat is quen man wil no3t accorde 

of f e ri3t to be knawen. 

& na-f ing< wille praise bot his awen. 

IT of pride be-comis f raues & f rete 

hef ing* f repe & af is grete. 

als sum fat fink na better glew. 

fen ilk* day finde af is new. 

f ai fat squa vgli af is squeris. 

wonder is how f is erf ham beris 

for f ai for-sake no3t crist allane 

bot missais him in lif & bane. 

IF Of pride be-comis vn-buxumnes. 

strife & strut & frawardenes. 

FAIRFAX 



IHBBATS, OBUELTT, AND ORBAT OATHS — IT IS A WONDBB HOW THB BARTH 1529 

BEARS THOSB THAT SWEAR SUCH UGLY OATHS 1 

)arfore vs aw to be dredand 27582 

For to fall we now stand ; 

An fat er fallen aw vs to rayse, 

And onie self of sins to layse. 

Pride it es, if a man wend 27586 

His gudes war noght of grace liim send, 

And wenis in his hert y&t it 

Be cumen all of Lis awin wit 

Or for his wisdome wenes wele, 27590 

^t him es granted all his sele ; 

Prid es it when ])oa reses ])e oght 

Of thing fovL has, or has it noght. 

Or if fou rose by morn or none 27594 

fe thing ])at ])oa byfore has done. 

Also of pride cnmes vaynglori, [ooi. 2] 

y&t es to be of rose redy ; 

Ane ipocrite, so forto seme 27598 

Withowten a doghty man to deme, 

And within es no thing swa ; 

Men may find ful many of J^a. 27601 

[ 

no gap in the MS.] 

Of pride als cuTTies discord and strif , 
^t es when ow])er man or wife 27605 
Of faiie trispas will noght be knawen, 
Ne prais no mans dedes hot J^aire awin. 
Of pride als cumes trauers and threte^ 
Hething, threpe, and athes grete, 
sum prowd men think no better glew 
yan ilkaday find athes new ; 2761 1 
Wonder it es liow pe erth beres 
j^am f&t so ygly athes sweres, 27613 
For pea. forsake noght crist allane, 
Bot missais him, both blude and bane. 
Of pride cnmes als vnbowsumnes, 
Whareof grete strif ful oft sene es. 

COTTON GALEA 



1530 OF PRIDE COME FOOLISH JANGLING, AND MANT OTHER VAIN THIKCB, i8 
TRIFLING SONGS AND LYING. ISODORUS GIVES GOOD COUNSEL AGAINST THIS WL 



hand, fole talking ymqaiUe, 27618 
And for to hald the pouer wile. 
O pride es iangling o f oly. 
And namliest of licheri ; 
O manikin vnnait o^er thing, 27622 
Als sang or truf ul and lesing. 
All men wald ai pnde f or-sak, 
Bot he wald na man ware his mak ; 
Forfi sais ysodri o fis sin : — 27626 
*' If ])ou be gentil thank pi kin ; 
If J)ou be riche, Jjou thane fortune ; 



fole of hande takening* vmqoile. 

6s pe pouer folk to reuile. 

IF of pride be-comis langeling* of foly. 

& namely of licchery. 

& manikiTi vnnaite oper pmff 

als sange of harlotery & lesing' 

]>ou walde na mon. to pride sulde take 

for ]70u walde na mon ware ]>i make 

foT'pi sais Isidre of .fis synne. 

if f ou be gentel man of kyn. 

if J)ou be riche 3et may hit go. 



If ])ou be fSedr, it passes sone ; 27630 if })ou be faire hit dos al-so. 



If ]70U be heind als curtais, 

Ku art povL at first to prais. 

\>e angel ]>at so fair and bright 27634 

Was, and bare his nam o light, 

Quen he wex prud he moght not duell, 

Bot vte of heuen he fell til heU." 

[ 



if J)ou be fewed al-so curtaise. 
pen atte first L wille pQ praise. 
IF pe angel fat was faire & bri^t. 
& alsqua bare his name of li3t. 
quen he wex proude he mu^t no3t dweL 
bot out of heiuen he felle to helle 

[ 



no gap in the MS,] 

))ou man ])at es in erth stad 27646 
))at es noght bot an erthin gadd, 
Wit prid hu sal J)ou f ider wine, 
J)ar he fell f ra, for suilk sine. 
Again fis sin es medecin gode, 27650 
For to be mek and mild o mode. 
To knau men self of alkyn thing 
Anentis biginyng and endyng. 27653 

COTTON 



no gap in the MS^ 

fou man Jjat art in pride stadde. 
f ou ne art no3t bot an erf gad. 
wij) pride how saltow heiuen wyn. 
fat he loste forou fe. same synne. 

Againe fis synne is medicine gode 
for to be meke & milde of mode, 
to knaw fi-self* be alkin f ing*. 
& euer-mare fink on f e ending*. 

FAIRFAX 



CUOIFER GOT HIS WIOKBDNBSS FROM PRIDE. THUS BIN IS FOULER THAN ANY 1531 
DlfiYUi IN HELL. GOOD MEDIOINB FOR PRIDE IS MEEKNESS AND SELF-KNOWLEDGE. 

Of piide it cums oure faith to file. 
Or forto hald ))e pouer vile. 27619 
Of pride cumes fanding and foly, 
And namlj syn of lichery ; 
And many Ynnayt o])er thing, 
Als sang of trofils or lesing. 27623 
Al men aght pride to forsake, 
I*or lie wald no man war his make ; 
f arfore sais Isyder of J)is syn : — 
** If f ou be gentm man of kin ; 27627 
If fou be riche, or body gent, 
Thank god ]7at pe swilk grace has lent; 
If ]}ou be faire J)ou think alswa 27630 
}7at all J^ir pointes sone passes ])ou fra; 
If )iou be bowsom and cnrtayse, 
])an at fe first ertou to prayse. 27633 

]>e angell J^at was faire and bright. 

And in heoin bare ])e name of light; 

"VTlien he wex proud he might noght 

Bot out of heuyn he fell to hell, t^well. 

And al his vglines he toke 27638 

Of sin of pride," als sais fe buke ; 

For thing that files es more vile^ [i This looks like a loan from the 

fan es fe thing fat it may file. 27641 ^^Pricke of Conscience;' II 2348-2355.] 

fan may we se sin es fowler 

fan any deuil in hell by fer, 

fan fro sin aw vs to fie, 27644 

Faster fan fro f e f ende to se. 

fou man fat in erth I say Qf 67, bk,eoi. i] 

And wers fan a lump of clay, 27647 

With pride how suld fou f eder win, 

Whare angels fell fro, for fat sin. 

Ogaines f is sin es medcyn gude, 27650 . 

Forto be meke and milde of mode. 

And knaw oure self in alkins thing 

Onence bigining and ending ; 27653 

COTTON GALEA 



1532 FROM ENYT SPBINQ OONSPIRACIEB TO UNDO TRUE MBN ; AN ENYIOUB MAI 
WILL BELIEVE ANTTHING AGAINST ONE WITH WHOM HE IS ANGRT, 



[No gap in these MS8.] 



[Envy,] 

O nyth pare springes mani dogh ^^^f^ij*^' 
]pat ledes man to mikel wogh, 27657 
For nitMul man lie luues lest 
\>e quilk lie wat es dughtiest. 
O mth cums bittemes o thoght, 
Finding of il, wit wicked f or-thoght, 
And conspiraciun; als quen 27662 
]>am saukes samen fe nithf ul men ; 

[ 

no gap in the MS,] 

And gain sz^m ])ai suare J^air ath 

For to do him melle and lath. 27667 

O nith be-cmns al mistruing, 

Ar man wit soth for qi^tkin thing 

For to deme a man til ille, 27670 

And bot a woniwg has far-till ; 

J)at quen he es kindeld of enuie 

Sais p3Lt man dos wikedli, 

Ar him-self it vnderstod 27674 

Quere \>e es for ill or god. 

))at es ]>aa dedes ]>at man mai 

Vnderstand on tuin-kyn wai ; 

And Jje doer right na chesun 27678 

"Ne can he see, bot al mistrun ; 

Haf ioy of ofer man misfare, 

And for fair welthes for to care. 

Missau, and groching alsua 27682 

Bakbite, mislouing, als qua 

Suld sai, " fof man es gret faster, 

grett almus and grett praier " 

Sais anofer, " Ta wel may fall. 

For crist loue he dos not all ; " 27687 

COTTON 



o 



f enuy springis mani bog& 
fat ledis man to miln'l wog^ 



[ • 

no gap in the MS.] 

of hit comis bittemes of f 03t. 

fat mani man in bale has bro3t. 

& conspiracioun als quen. 

quen to-gedder comis enuious men. 

& wif euel wille f er-to. 

mani a trew man f ai vn-do. 

f orou f e af of an enuious man. 

al fa of er assentis fan. 

IF Of enuy comis mistrowing* [Utf in; 

or men wite sof for quatkin f ing* 

for to deme a man til ille. 

for a wraf he has him tille. 

fat quen he is kindeled of enuy. 

sais fat man dos wikkedly 

ar him-self hit vnderstode 

quef er hit be il or gode. 

IF fat is fa didis fat men may. 

vnderstande on twin way. 

& if he haue nane enchesouw. 

ne no3t can se bot a mistrou?^. 

& has ioy of of er men misfare. 

& for f aire welf is for to care. 

missawe & grocching* alsqua. 

bacbite & mis-louing* ma. 

sum sais he is grete faster. 

of grete almus of grete praier. 

sais a-nof er ja wele mai falle. 

he dos hit no3t for crist loue alle 

FAIRFAX 



HETHER HE UNDERSTANDS IT OR NOT; HE IS GLAD AT THE ILLS OF 1533 
OTHER MEN. ENVY CAUSES GRUMBLING, SLANDER, AND BACKBITING. 

rod len YS alike knawing to haue, 
at we to hiin pe sawl may saue. 

[Envy,'] 

Enny has mani a baleful bogb 
J^at bringes men to mekill wogb, 
16 enuiiis man ai lufes he leste 27658 
ram ])at he wate er moste honeste. 
ys of enuy comes wikked thoght, 
binding of ill or it be wroght, 27661 
^d conspiraciones, als when sum 
Bnuiose men together wil cum ; 



. . . . no gap in the MS.] 
Dgaine sum men ))ai mak ane athe 
Forto do ])am schame and scathe. 
Of enuy als cnmes mistrowing, 27668 
Or men wit suth of any thing 
^ai will of deme a man with ill, 
And has bot a wreghing far-tiQ ; 
A man j)at kindild es in enuy 27672 
Sais of er men do wikkedly, 
If all him-self neuer vnderstode 
Whe]?er it be done for ill or gude. 

[ 

. . . . nogapintheMS.]21677 

And if he haue none enchesoune 

Of ill, jit will he ay mistrowne ; 

He has ioy of of er mens ill fare, 27680 

And of Jjaire confort has he kdre. 

Of enuy cnmmea oft grete grocheing, 

Missaw, sklander, and bacbiteing, 

Als if ane say f us, " jone man ledes. 

His life in praiers and almus dedes," 

Anof er sais, " fail wele may fall, 27686 

He dose it noght for godes liif all ; " 

COTTON GALEA 



1534 ENVY BOBS GOOD HEN OF THEIR GOOD NAME AND WRONGS OTHERS. BOf 
SUCH BARGAINS ARE DEARLT BOUGHT, ENVY EVER BURNS INWARDLY. 



And sais, "a godman es Jar," 27688 
Anofer, " Ya wist f ou quat he ware 1 ** 
J)oa said noght sua, bot neucr-Jje-lese, 
Man loues sa ferre as in ])am esse ; 
If fou fan lese fi dughti fame, 27692 
Or bringes man in iuel blame. 
Or mote, or ever thoro envie 
Has ani man wreid wifoigwisly, 27695 
Or buteward was to lette his thrift 
Of this^ behoues fe mai J)i serif t. 
O fis sin mai man mikel find, oShS?] 
For it es oft a ferly kind, 27699 

For mast it fines noght to brin 
J)e man fat bers it him witin, 
And he fat self it hafs and beres. 
Mast of all on him it wers ; 27703 



an sais a gode man is fare, 
a-nof er 3a wiste f ou quat he ware 
f ou walde no3t say squa L-wisse 
bot wele wate L how hit is. 
if f ou f us lesis his name. 
& bringis him in euel fame, 
or if f ou f orou fine enuy. 
has ani man wroied wrangewisly 
or a-boute was to lette his f rift 
f er-of be-houis f e make f i shrift 
IF of f is synne mai man mildl finde 
for hit is of a ferli kinde. 
formast hit finis no3t* to brin. 
f e man fat beris hit him wif -in. 
& he fat self* hit has & beris. 
mast of alle on him hit weris. 



[No gap in these MSS.^ 



Forf i sais Senec on f e envius [ooi. 2] 

Quine had f ai ere ilk in hus, 27707 

Quine moght his ei reche aiqt^are. 

For fan es soruing war f e mar, 

For ai fe mar sale fat he se 27710 

On of er men, f e mar care has he. 

If f ou will nan haf nith atte f e 

J)ou ledd f i liif in caitifte, 

J)ar es nathing in erth for-qui, 27714 

Bot ane caitife mai fie envi, 

For f of he nith him-seluen here, 

Es nan fat nith has to begger. 27717 



for-f i sais senec of f e enuious 
faine walde f ai*haue of ilk hous 
quy ne mi3t his eye reich ay-quare 
for fen his sorou ware f e mare 
ay f e mare ioy fat he may se 
on of er man f e mare care has he. 
if f ou nane enuy wil haue in f e 
f ou lede f i life in charite. 
f er is na-f ing* in erf for-quy. 
bot caitiue fat fie mai enuy. 
for f ou he nif e him-seluin here 
is nane fat nif e has to begger. 



[No gap in these MSS.] 



COTTON 



FAIRFAX 



!fEOA SAYS, THB MORE HAPPINESS THE ENVIOUS MAN SEES THE MORE HE 1535 
ES. NONE BSOAPE ENVY BUT POOR WRETCHES. AS A CURE FOR ENVY LOVE GOD, 

i say, " a gude man es fare," 
er sais, " wist J)ou what he warel" 
'aid noght so say als fou dose, 
pus fai let gude men of gude lose. 
he fat fus fordose gude fame, 
ikes a man to haue euil name, 
» fat by cans of enuy 27694 

ayes anof er wrangwisly, 
btes him fat he may noght the, — 
.ere boght mun slike bargans be. 
uy may man mekill finde, [ooi. 2] 
b es of a ferly kinde, 27699 

es noght euer f orto brin 
m fat beres it him within, 
rho so enuy in hert beres, 
■moste on him it weres ; 27703 
.win hert brines he with enuy, 
of er er noght noyed f arby. 
i sais of f e enuious 27706 

le had he eghen in ilk hows, 
le might his sight be set ay ware, 
uld his sorow be mekill mare, 
>e more sele he on of er may se 
3re sorow in his hert has he, 
> fat here lifes may fle enuy, 
)Ouer caitefs, and here now whi, 
jnuious aU if he be, 27714 

J has enuy till fat degre. 
ogain gude bote es kend 
ue god what so he will send, 
luf him in f i hert always, 27718 
dmself in f e godspell sais. 
aU luf god bath loud and still, 
lall f i thoght and all f i will, 
till fine neghbore sail f ou do. 
•ou wald war done fe vnto.27723 

COTTON GALEA 



1536 FROM ANGEB COME, READY-MADE, ANGRY SAYINGS, OUBSmOy FALSKHOOD^ 
UFBRAIDIMGS, BLOWS, RAGE, SLANDER. IT IS A STIRRING OF A BITTER TEMFIB, 



Again ]?is sin es bote to be 
Funden in ])e liif of charite. 



27724 A gaine ])is synne is bote to be. 



[Anger."] 

Pride reuis man godd and bis maistn, 
Wretb reuis bim-self, bis brofer envi. 
A wretb faxe rises redi bun 27728 
Missau and flitt and malison, 
Wrang fare den, baning, vpbraid, 
Batb nentes godd and man es said ; 
Tbrett, butfett and dedes dint, 27732 
Bohiing of bert and resun tint, 
Vnbeind talking, o dede vtrage, 
Lates misledd, ligbtness o rage, 27735 
Hurtes grett, and sclander and tene ; 
Jjir ar ])e springes o wretb fytbtene. 
Wretb it es a bratb on-fall, 27738 
Menging o mode ])at cums o gall ; 
It es a cruel tbing and cms 
psit droues mani man in bus ; 
Flites, scendes and misdenisse, 27742 
Man aun wiit it fra bim cleuisse ; 
It reuis man of body migbt. 
And mas bim blind in bis ee-sigbt, 
O luue riueli brekes band, 27746 

And lettes consail for to stand ; 
It wentes man fra godd bis will 
And mas him derf to dedis ill ; 
It leses man liif, and na pite 27750 
Mai pare it lendes funden be ; 
Hattred it es, and ir to Strang 
J?at bas in bert ben balden lang. 
And oft sitb it has ben soth, 27754 
Quen wicked will it forth bas brogbt. 
Again fis sinn es best to take, 
God tholmodenes for crist sake, 27757 

COTTON 



fundin in loue & cbarite. 



pride reuis men gode & bis maistri. 
wraj) reuis bim-self* bis hiofer enuy. 

Of wraj) fer risis redi boun. 
missagb & flitte & malisoim. 
wrange fareden banning* vp-braide. 
baj) nyendis god & man is saide. 
])rete & buffettis & mani a dint, 
bolning* of bert & resoun tint 
yn-bende talking* of dide outrage 
latis misledde lijtnes of rage. 
&pia grete & muche sklaundere. 
alle of wraj) comis per, 
IF wraj) bit is a brape on-falle. 
menging* of mode fat comis of galle. 
bit is a crewel ]7ing* & crouse. 
pat droues mani man in bous. 
fliting* shindis & misdemis. 
man awen witte bit fra bim flenus. 
& reuis man of bodi bis mi3t 
& makis bim blinde in bis insist, 
of loue riueli bit brekis bands. 
& lettis consail for to stande. 
bit turnis man fra goddis wille. 
& makis him derfe to didis Ole. 
bit lesis life & na pite. 
mai per bit lendis fundin be. 
IF hateretin hit is & ne ful strange 
pat bas in bert bene baldin lange. 
& oft-sipe hit has bene so^t. 
quen wikked wil hit forp bas bro^t 

A gaine pis synne is gode to take 
wele to suffre for cristis sake. 

FAIRFAX 



R OUBAYB8 A KAN'S WITS FBOM HIM AND BLINDS HIM ; WHERE ANQKR AND 1537 
BATBBD ABB THERE IS NO LASTING LOVE. MEEKNESS IS BEST AGAINST THIS SIN 

And euennore lake fst fou be 27724 
In jMurfite luf and charite. 

[Anger,] 

i 

no gap in the MS,] 

Wreth 66 raysand redy boune, 
missaw, flit, and malisoune, 
'Wiang falshed, banyng, and vpbiaid, 
^t bath to god and man es sayd ; 
Thiete, and oft dj^es dedis dint,27732 
IBoling of belt with reson tynt, 
^nhend spekeing, of dede outrage, 
Misled lates, vnlefful lago, 
Athes grete, and sklander and tene ; 
J»ir springes of wreth albidene. 27737 
Wreth es noght hot a brath on fiEdl, 
In heuy hert mengid with gall ; 

[ 

. . ♦ . no gap in the MS,] 
It makes fliteing and mi8deme8,27742 
And mans awin wit fro him it flemis ; 
It leues a man bodily might, 
And blindes a man in his in-sight^ 
Of gude liifing it brekes \q band. 
And lettes gude counsail to stand ; 
Fro god it reues a mans will, 27748 
And makes him derf to dedes ill ; 
Whare it es wonand may none be ^^^^ 
Lastand in luf an charite. 27751 

It es hatred, and Ire Strang, 
Jiat in hert has bene halden lang, 
StiU in hert ay wiU it hing 27754 
Till wikked uss^ it furth may bring. 
Ogaines fis sin es best to take, j- J^rii^S*m 
Tholmodenes for cristes sake,**^' ***"*^*'' 

97 COTTON GALEA 



1538 FROM SLOTH SPBIKQ DESIRE FOB WORLDLY . RICHES^ AND CARELE8SK 

IN WORD AND DEED. 



To sufiFer bath ur welle and wa, ^, \j** to suffre baf our wele & wa. 
Aiid giltles to forgiue ur fa. 27759 & giltis to for-giue our fa. 

[No gap in these MSS.] 



[Sloth,] 

IF O suemes cums care to Strang 
And ])at ynmetele lastand lang 
For tinsel o pis werlds gode, 27764 
Jjat man vmquile wexus wode, 
Jjat he gain godd wil seluen striue, 
And quilu?7i dos him-self o Hue ; 
.4nd in mining of his mistime 27768 
He wites wend and waris his time, 
And sua he mengges him wit ire, 
]pat brennes mans mede als fire ; 
Keccles-laic in mede and ded, 27772 
(^uen bath^ o spek and ded es nede, 
Swilk heuines o mans hert [} ms. lath] 
J)at reckes noght his aun quert, 
And in talent has don al-way 27776 
j)at god him list do ne sai ; 
And if he has biguwnuw oght, 
Biliffit als him noght no roght, 
And quilum for heuines o mode27780 
Bigin ne dar he do na gode. 



Of slau])e. comis care to strange 
& ]7at vnmeteli lastande lange. 
for tyning* of pis werldis gode 
Jjat man vmquile squa worJ>is wode 
pat he gaine god wil seluin striue. 
& sum-time dos him-self on Hue 
& in mening* of his mistime 
he witis wirde & waris his time. 
& squa he mengis him wip ire. 
pat he brennis as a fire 
recles laike in mode & dede 
quen bap of dede & speche is nede 
suche heuenes of mannis hert. cirm,tak] 
pat countis no3t his awen quert. 
& has his talande done a-way. 
pat gode ne Hst him do ne say. 
& if he haue be-gunnin 03t. 
leuis hit as he per-of ne ro^t. 
& sum-time for heuines of mode, 
be-gynne ne dar he do na gode. 



[No gap in these MSS,] 



Wanhope it es foluand here-bi, 27784 
J)at wreche man dos tine merci, 
For pat sin es gain hali-gast, 
J)at giues for sin f orgifnes mast ; 
Vn-ro of hert vm-quile to lere, 27788 
Lathnes to kirc at sermon here. 



IF wanhope hit is folowande here-by. 
pat wrecched man dos tine mercy, 
for pat synne is gaine haligaste. 
pat giuis for synne for-giuing* maste 
vn-ro of hert sum-time to lere. 
& lape sarmouw for to here. 



[No gap in these AfSS,] 



GOTTON 



FAIRFAX 



BOIOS ABE SO HEAVY THEY WILL NOT BEGIN A GOOD WORK LEST THEY 1539 

SHOULD NOT FINISH IT j THIS BRINGS ON DESPAIR. 

Both forto sufiFer wele and wo, 27758 

And gladly to forgif oure f o, 

Jjan will god forgiff vs vnto, 

He grante vs grace so forto do. 277G1 

[Sloth,] 

SlBwtli oft samnes sorow Strang, 
and ]?at ymnekely lastand lang, 
Snm-tyme a man waxes so wode 
For tynsyli of pis werldly gude,27765 
^t lie ogaynes god will striue, 
And wMum lose his awin lyue ; 

[ 

no gap in the MS.] 

And he menges him with ire, 27770 
])at bnnnes mans mode als a fire ; 
He es rekles in word and dede. 
In tyme when he of both had nede, 
Swilk heuynes he takes in hert 27774 
pat he lekkes noght of his awin quert, 
His talent es so iane oway 
pat no gade list him do ne say ; 
And if he haue bigonen oght, 27778 
He leues it als he no thing roght. 
Sam man for heuynes in mode 
list noght bigin to do na gude, 27781 
Vnto no gade werk dar he wend. 
For drede pat he may noght mak end. 
Wanhope es folowand fast hereby, 
pat makes a man to tyne mercy,27785 
For it es ogain pe haly gaste, 
pat for syn gifes forgifnes maste ; 
It makes a man lath forto lere. 
And heuy in hert sarmon to here. 
Also it lettes a man to rise, 27790 
Or to redy him till goddes seraise, 

COTTON GALEA 



1540 SLOTH HINDERS A MAN FROM SHRIFT AND PENANOB, IT ALSO MAXES 

UNSTABLE, OBSTINATE, AND FRESUMINO. 

Dreching o scrift, vnnait telckhing, dreghing* of shrift vnnaite talking' 
Vnstedfastnes, o will wandring, 27793 vn-stedefastnes of wille wandring*. 

[No gap in these MSS.] 



Hardnes of hert and vnboand, 

J^at ai in ankin stat wit-stand, 27797 

Heui chere, crustful and ill, 

Vntimes spech or to be still ; 

O fis bicums presumpcion, 

Jjat es hoping of vnreson ;. 27801 

Bot vr lauerd, for na sin, 

Will latte nan fra his merci tuin. 

pis sin es gains god rigbtwisnes. 

For albeit suagat ])at he es 27805 

Merciful, als al mai se, 

Wei wat rightwis es he, 



hardenes of hert & vn-boghande. 
pat ay in an state wil stande. 
heui of chere wip droupande wille 
vn-timis speche or to be stille. 
of pis be-comis presumpciou/i. 
])at is hoping* wip vnresoun. 
per our lorde for na synne 
wille lete man fra his mej'cj wynr 
pis synne is gainis goddis ri3twisiii 
for al be hit squa-gate ])at he is. 
merciful ]?at alle may se. 
wele we wate ri3twise is he. 



[No gap in tliese MSS,"] 

And for rigbtwisnes es him in, 27810 & for ri^twisnes is him in. 
Riueli tas he wrak for sin. riueli takis he wrake for synne. 



[No gap in these MSS,'\ 



Again fis sin remedi es — 27816 

Haf gastli ioi and hope o blis, 
And do fe god bath day and night, 
To gete forgyuenes of vr plight. 278 19 



Againe fis synne remedie is 
haue gasteli ioy & hope of 1 
& do gode baf day & ni3t. 
to gite for-giuenes of onr pli3t. 



[No gap in these MSS."] 



[Cof)eteousness.'\ 

IT J)e first sin es o couaitise 27822 
Jjat reuis mani man fair p?'«ise ; 
O fis cums blindnes and tresuw, 
Keuelaic, theft, extorsium, 27825 

COTTON 



"p%e iiij. synne is couatise. 
-^ fat reuis mani man faire prise 
of fis comis blindenes & tresoun. 
reuelaike theft & extorciouw. 

FAIRFAX 



BR GOOD A HAN IS CHRIST WILL PUNISH HIS SINS. THE BEST 1541 
IDIOINES AGAINST THIS SIN ARE SPIRITUAL JOY, HOPE, AND PRATER. 

iS a man schrift to cum till, 

so penance to fulfill, 27793 

:es vnstabilnes of thoght, 

►rgeting what sold be wroght. 

3S of hert and vnbowand, 

D stabilnes to stand, 27797 

ihere, irefull and ill, 

le to speke in tyme be still ; 

rtb als cnmes presumpsione, [coi. 2] 

hopeing with vnresoune ; 27801 

:e lord will, for no sin, 

3n fro his mercy twin. 

is is ogaines goddes rightwisnes, 

it be swa ])at he es 27805 

fill, and of mercy f re, 

« we wele rightwis es he, 

ilk man his det sertayne, 27808 

jr he haue serued loy or pajrne. 

)r rightwisnes es him in, 

takes he wrake of syn, 
ueliest efter payre end, 27812 
:e wiU noght faire mis amend, 
iponist bese none ill dede, 
gude werk withowten nede. 
1 j?is syn best medcyn is — 
jr ioy and hope of blis, 27817 
ray to god both day and nighty 

forgifnes for oure plight. 
n vs to forgif man kyn, 

may his forgifnes win 28821 



latyse es ane euil syn 
•at mikel greuance gers bygin ; 
cumes tratilling of tresoune, 
g thift and extorcyoune, 27825 

COTTOX GALEA 



1542 COVBTOUSNESS CAUSES STRIFE WITH KBIGHBOURS, USUBT, AND SDIOIT, 
MURDER, BURNING, WAR, SACRILEGE, GREEDINESS, ENVY. 



A Is quen man haldes wraii[g]wis strif 
j)at oj)er men mai lede na liif, 27827 
Ko na neghbur mai liafe ]?air saght 
Til ]?ai haue gin him o ]7air aght ; 
Strenth, fat lauerding agh to meild, 
J)at fair men tas wrangwis yeild, 
Fals foluing, fals wittnesing, 27832 
Vnknaun lage, manath, and lesing ; 

[No gap in 

luel eging, ocur and symoni, 27836 
Ala gastli thing to sella or hyi, 
Morth, hriwniwg, manslaghter awe? suik, 
"Wasting and were and ofer slik ; 
Sacrilege, to reue or stele 27840 

Of halud thing, os dose nn fele ; 
Gredines and nithinghede. 
To be goddes gyft to gnede ; 
Alkin talking wrangwisli, 27844 

And all balding wit trecheri. 
If Ogain fis sin es bote o scrift, 
Lele of hert and fre of gyft. 
And for pe lime o crist sake, 27848 
Jpis wrech werlds welth forsak ; 
And wiit yee wele it es ful Strang. 
Haf other men aght ani wrang, 
Jpou agh it for to yeild again, 27852 
If fou far-til has might or main, 
If f ou J?am find, namli to faa 
j)e quilk fat aght was nomin fra ; 
If f ai ne be funden noght, or dede, 
O scrift f ou do fi faders rede, 27857 
Sua fat f i saul mai ai be quite. 
And fin airs mai haf prophite 

[No gap in 



als quen men haldis wrang-wis sinfo 
fat of er men mai lede na life, 
ne na neghbour may haue his esajt 
til f ai haue giuen him of faiie ja^t. 
bot maste riche men rewes me. 
fat of f e pouer has na pita. 
& fals bering* of wittenesing*. 
^"nknawlage mane^f & lesing*. 

these MSS.] 

luel egging*, oker & symony. 

as gasteli f ing* to selle or by. 

man-sla^ter & hous-brynning* 

wasting* were & suche of er f ing*. 

out of hali kirke to stele. 

of halghed f ing* as now dos fele. 

gredines & nif ing*-hede. 

to be of goddis gift to gnede. 

& alkin taking* wrangewisly. 

& alle balding* wif trecchry. 

Againe f is synne is bote of shrift 
lele of hert & fre of gift. 
& for f e loue of cristis sake, 
f is wrecched werldis welf for-sake. 
& wite 3e wele hit is ful strange 
to haue of er mewnis gode wif wrang 
f ou agh hit for to 3ilde againe. 
if f ou f er-to haue mi3t or maine. 
if f ou ham finde nameli to fa. 
to qwam f e gode was takin fra. 
if f ai be gane or ellis dede. 
f ou do f i shrift fader rede, 
squa atte f i saule mai be quite. 
& als f [in]e airs mai haue profite. 

these MSS,] 



COTTON 



FAIRFAX 



70 CURB THIS ARE SHBIFT, A LOYAL AND GEITEBOUS HEART, THB FOR- 1543 
BAKING OF THIS WORLD'S WEALTH AND YIELDING TO OTHERS THEIR GOODS. 

Ala when men haldes wrangwis strife 
]»t ofet men may haue no life, 27827 
"Ne no neghbur with y&m es saght 
Bot if ])ai gif J^am of J^aire aght ; 

[ 

• • . * no gap in the MS,] 
Fals f olowing, and lals witnesing, 
And also maineath and lesing, 27833 
All pa may knm of couaytyse, 
And wele more if we vs avise, 
Euyl eggin, oker, and symony, 27836 
Als halowd thing to sell or by, rg^ike 
Morther, brining, man-slaghter with 
Wasting and were and ojjer alike ; 
And sacrilage^ to reue or to stele 
Gastly thing, als dose ful fele; 27841 
Gredines and nithing-hede, 
To be of goddes giftes oner gnede ; 
Allans taking wrangwisly, 27844 
And als all balding with maistri. 

[ 



no gap in the MS.] 

For oooatyse it es ful Strang, 27850 
To bald ])ine neghbore gude with wrang, 
Jjou aw it forto 3eld ogayne, 
If fou ]>arto haue might or mayne. 
If fou jtam find, namely to ])a [if68»bk] 
ya,t ye gudes er balden fra, 27855 
If ]7a be noght funden, or ded. 
In schrift ]7ou do ]pi fader rede. 
So ])at pi sawl be saued fro site,27858 
And ]?at ]?ine haires may be quite ; 
For better bote es none ]7an schrift, 
Frenes of hert and large of gift,278Gl 

• COTTON GALEA 



1544 THERE IS NO SIN W0B8B TO AMEND THAN OOTETOUSNBSSy THOSE YTKXm 
MUST BE COMPENSATED, ALMS GIVEN, THE POOR HELPED. 



[No gap in tJiese MSS."] 



For far es sinnes foun, iwise, 27864 
Were for to mend riueli fan J? is, 
For eu^ f e plight es foluand pain. 
Til wrang takinyng be quite again. 



for jter ar synnis lite L-wis. 
worre to amende fen is f is. 
for euer c^rtaine lie gas to faine.. 
til wrange tane fing* be quite agaiiiA 



[No gap in these M8S,] 



[Glutony and 

IT glotori and o drunkenbede 27876 
Fele wick branches se we sprede, 
])at heuis man and reuis him hele 
For to gang and for to mele 1^* *^ \*^ ^"^^ 
1 And reuis him als of ei fe sight, 
And hert and hefd fair aun in-sightt ; 
For be man neuer sa wise in lede, 
Qwen he es ouerlaid wit drunkenhede, 
J)an in his mankidhed, als wele we wate, 
Es turnd al into best state ; 27885 
It dos man consail to be tald 
And fole bateil to be bald, 

[No gap in 

And man folik be traist and glad, 
Quare he wit resun suld be radd. 
At aunter man aun might, 27892 

Wit-vten armowr it dos him fight. 
])Q drunken semes in his misfare 
Noght lik f e man fat he was are ; 

COTTON 



Drunkenness.'] 

Of glutterie & of dronkiiLhede 
mani wikked branchis seweflpred 
fat heuis man & makis him hele. 
for to gauge & tonge to mele. 
& reuis him of f e eye f e 8i3t 
his hert & heuid alle out of mi^t. 
for be man neuer sa wise in wede. 
quen he is ouerlaide wif drunkinhed 
fat alle his manhede wele we wate 
is tumid in-to beste state, 
hit dos man. counsal to be talde 
& of foly batail to be balde. 

these MSS.] 

& makis mani man trist 8s glad 
quere wif resoun f ai sulde be a-diad 
fat he knawes no^t his mi3t. 
wif-out armour hit dos him fi^t. 
IT fe drunkin semis in his mis-fare 
no3t like f e man fat he was are 

FAIRFAX 



«UTTONY AND DRUNKENKSSS DBBTBOT A MAK's KKOWLBDGB, POWKB, 1545 
AND WITS; DBUNKBNNS88 1CAKE8 A MAN FOOL-HABDT AND MAZED. 

dd werdes welth here to fornsake, 

ad ynto lesum crist pe take. 27863 

re er no sins in werld, I-wis, 

ers f orto amend J^an J)is, 

>r efter plight es folowand pun, 

11 wrang tane thing be 3olden ogayne. 

rfore who syns in couatyse, 27868 

B may amend him on J,is wyse, 

ak aseth vnto all ]?a 

t he oght has haldyn fra, 

id seyin to ))am ])at has nede, 27872 

rgely do almus dede, 

id help j)e pouer with hert ire, 

id lif in luf and charite. 27875 

[Gflutony and Drunkenness,'] 

^ lotony and dronkinhede, 
^ fill mani branches out ])ai8predey 
i stonay men ))at er ful Strang 27878 
id lettes ])am both to speke and gang, 
^o ])ai stroy a mans insight, 
id merres him of all his might ; 
)r be a man neuer so wise in dede, 
id he be tane in dronkinhede, 27883 
1 his wittes fol wele we wate, 

turned into ful simple state ; 
mase oft kounsail to be talde, 
id mase meschef es ful many f aide, 
mase a man oft fole-hardy 27888 
d forto speke and do foly ; 
hare he by reson sold be rad, 

es his minde mased and mad. 



. • • no gap in the MS,] 
) semys ]?an in his mis-fare 27894 
)ght like ])e man ]?at he was are ; 

COTTO^f GALEA 



1546 DRUNKENNESS OAtJSBS ALL KINDS OF BYILS. THERE ARE FOUR KINSI 
OLUTTONTy MEN SHOULD NOT WANT TO DINE TOO EARLYy NOR SIT TOO LO 

Bot schortly al iuels J^at es 27896 bot shorili mast al iuel ])at is. 

Biueli becTims of drunkenness, comuneli comis of dninkyimes 

For all fat euer festis wiit, for alle fat euer festenis witte. 

Dmnkennes fan skailes it. drunkenis stailis hit. 

And it es funden bodili 27900 [& hit is^] 

Fonre-kin maner of glotory, 

Ofer forwit [begjinne at hete, [^the Catchwords; next leaf {or h 

Or for to sitt to lang at ete, wanting,] 

For to yem als many mese, 

Or for to gredi be at dese, 27905 

[ 

no gap in the MS.] 

H Jjare es beting again fis last, 
Mesure o mete and drinc to tast, 27909 

[ 

no gap in the MS,] 

And sua vr flexs to firfer and fede, 
Jpat it fale in na dedli dede. 27919 

[ 

no gap in the MS,] 

[Lechery.] 

luchery fat lust has ledde 27922 
We may se many branches spredde, 
Als fole fredom and lesing spoken, 
Wordes o ros and trouthes broken, 
Fole behalding, misleding o late, 
j)at man may so be lichur state, 279 2 7 
j)at giues his wijt sua to sotthede, 
J)at nan es laft him-self to lede ; . 

COTTON FAIRFAX 



joeenwscE and sobriety abb thb best hbdioinbs fob the sin of 1547 

eLUTTONTc there ABE MANY BRANOHES OF LECHERY. 

And series alkins euill yai es 27896 

Biaelj cums of drmkynnes, 

for all J^inges ])at suld festin wit^ 

Dronkinnes destroyes it. 

And men may find ful rely 27900 

Powrkins maners of glotony, 

Ane es byfortyme f orto ette, 

Ano]>er to sit ouerlang at mete, 

pe thrid to 3em metes dayntynely, [coi. 2] 

fe firth to ette oner gredyly. 27905 

Ogayns ])e first ilk man y&t may 

Sold ett his mete in time of day, 

Nowfer lang byfore, ne efter past, 

And namely when him auto fast^ 

And noght ouer arly to mete at gang, 

Ke forto sit ]?arat oner lang ; 2791 1 

For als gade war men to ett twise 

Als noght two onres fro mete at rise. 

Ogaines jtis sin es medcyn gude. 

Abstinence fro flesly fode, 27915 

And also to fast fro all syn 

Jwit glotony may ger beghi. 

And mesurely onre fless to fede, 

)»at we it in no folis lede, 27919 

£ot seson it with sobirte ; 

God grante vs grace it so may be. 



Lichery with lustes led 27922 

pBxoi er many branches bred, 
Als foul lates and lesing spoken, 
Wordes of rose and trowthes brokin, 
Fole bihalding, and o flight late, 
Als men may se in lichore state, 27927 
J»ai gif J^aire wittis so to ]7at dede, 
pai feA leue none J^am with to lede ; 

COTTON GALEA 



1548 HANT SMALL SINS ABISB OUT OF LEOHEBT, BUT I WILL ONLT MIBTiql 



SIX BRANCHES 



FOBNICATIONy ADULTEBY^ ETC., FUBTHEB I CANNOT SPBCm: 



Fole contenance and ful scmding, Fole couaitise and fole ^ering, 

Hurtling o sculder, of hend casting, Hething of hert and heind casting 

And harlot sagh, speche o disur, [ 

Rimes vnright, gest of Jogolur. 27933 no gap in the MS.] 



It wastes bodi and als catel, 

And reues man liif and als sanl hele. 

J^of ]?at pia sin has branches fele, 

O sex allan j)an wil i mele ; 27937 

Fomicacion es an, 

Don wit anlep woman ; 

Spusbrek es betuix tua, [ooL 2] 

pai spused ar bath, or an o ]?aa ; 

Incest, fat es for to lij 27942 

Bi ]7at ]7i sibman has line bi, 

Or if fat has don fat sin 

Wit ani of fin aun kin, 

Sacrilege es tald as an, 27946 

O fat order he has tan. 

And all fat high[t] has chastete 

To crist, q7^ar f ai be sco or he ; 

Sodomite fat ful o stinc, 27950 

j)e sinn fat did f e cites sine ; 

Hu ful fat sin for godd was sen. 

Was sceud wit his wengeance ken. 

For fair cost was sua vnkind, 27954 

Alle f ai war to askes brind ; 

Jpis branche es als at vnderstand, 

Qi^n man es filed all wackand. 

H Forthermar o f is lecheri 27958 

Agh i fe noght to specific; 

Bot lok f ou self, vmthinckand te 

j)at fou in nan suilk plight be, 27961 

\)at fou ne wit scrift f ar-of f e knau. 

For to me f als it noght to scau ; 

If fou on ani wise has don, 27964 

Wit open scrift fou mend it son. 

COTTON 



It wastes both body and ketele, 
And veoBS men Hues and sawl hde. 
And all if it haue branches seie, 
Of sex allane wil I speko here ; 
Fomicacioune, fat es ane, 
Bitwix twa whare weded es nane; 
Spows brek, fat es bitwix twa 
Whare both er sposed or ane of fa; 
Incest, fat es by hir to ly 
fat f i sibman has liggen by, 
Or els if fou haue done fat sin 
With any of fine awin kyn ; 
Sacrelage es cald allane. 
Of f am fat has high ordres tane^ 
And f am fat has hight chastite 
To god, whef er it be scho or he ; 
Sodomite es a syn of stink 
fat ilk sin gert f e cetese sink ; 
It was schewed with fat vengance kent 
How foul f ai war bifor god sene. 
For fat f ai synned ogaines kinde, JJf* 
Bot askes men might noght of fam finde 

[ 

no gap in the MS,] 

Of f is ilk poynt of licheii 
Aw noman fer to specyfy ; 
Bot luke f i-self, and vmthink f e 
fat fou in none slike gilty be, 
Bot if fou sone in schrift it knaw^ 
And lede f i life by goddes law. 

[ 

no gap in th^ MS.] 

COTTON GALEA 



IBAKS OUR COMMUNION WITH CHRIST AND HIS SAINTS; IT IS A 1549 
ORBAT WASTBR, NO MOUTH MAT TELL ALL THE EVILS OF IT. 



ndli sin and sodomite, 27966 

n cals al suilk delite, 

s not tuix wommsLn and man ; 

it on-kind he clepes it fan, 

b be wit faa.membWs wroght, 

ar-til es made, and elles neght. 

ale ])an cals j^is sin 27972 

: o him ^ai ligges ]7ar-in, 

ustin sais fat foru J)is gilt, 

it felau-reden spilt 

iiix crist and vs suld be, 27976 

•at ilk kind ])at we 

seluen haf fa,n, and sua fordon 

1 Jjat trinite in tron. 

cheri sua ful o wa, 27980 

ikes man be cristes fa, 

all fe halus of his curt wit-in, 

ui it wastes mans kin ; 

els ])ar-of j^ai ar sa fele, 27984 

!S na muth ^at mai J^am mele ; 

jua greif and god wit gan [if i56, ooi. i] 

loght ))e ded all of it an, 

te muthes o pe neuenand 27988 

als pe eres o pQ herand, 

pe self dementis vmlaid, 

js par it es don or said ; 27991 

a man nedd fe euer far-till 

rce womman agayn hir will, 

istin dai or hali night, 

Ji stedd or mans sight, 27995 

indel hie vnhendly, . 

s wit lust o lecheri, 

oud hir wit wordes slight, 27998 

ked wit ouur stedfast sight, 

ou J? er-wit has went hir will, 

B thoru SCO was fin bun fulfill, 

COTTON 



Austin calles all swilk delite 
Vnkindly sin of sodomyte, 
iN'oght done bitwene man and woman, 
Vnkindly may men call it fan. 
And bot it be with membres^ wroght 
fat f arto falles and els noght. '^^J^^y* 

[ 

no gap in the MS.^ 

Austin sais thurgh f is ilk gilt 
Es all f e felaw-redyn spilt 

!••••••••••• 

. . . . no gap in the MS,] 

With vs and f e trenite in trone, 
If we cure kinde haue so fordone, 
f is licheri es so ful of wa, 
It makes a man to be goddes fa. 
And wrethes all halows heuy within. 
For it es so waster of man-kin ; 

[ 

no gap in the MS.] 

It es so grete and god withgane, 
And so greuos bi it allane, 
fat all f e mowthes fat it neuyns. 
And all f e eres fat heres f e steuins. 
And all f e elementes vmlayd, 
Er filed f arwith whare it es said. 
Man, if f ou euer nede f e partill 
To force woman ogaines hir will. 
On fasting dais or haly night. 
Or in haly stede, or in mans sight. 
Or handill hir vnhendly. 
Or kiss with lust of licheri, 
Or wowid hir with wordes sleghe, 
Or luked with ouer stedfast eghe. 
And f ar-thurgh so has won hir will 
fat scho was assentand f e till ; 

COTTON GAIBA 



1550 BEGINNINGS OF DEADLY SIN. LADIES, DO NOT DTB TOUB HAIB, PAINT, WI&B: 
GAT BANDS, COLLARS, AND KEBOHIBPS, NOB MAKE YOUBSBLYES FINE BEFORE MBI. 

Or has bituix hir scankes gan 28002 [ 

Or tirid or tut or skirt uptan ; no gap in ^le MS] 

If ]?ou fi-aeli has don sli thing. If ]7oa ^i self haue done slike thiI^^ 

Or oj^er man gert wit )nn egging, Or oj^er men by j)ine egging. 

Or wiche-craft or charmes soght, [ • 

Or ))ou J? inself par-for Jam wroght, . . .• . . no gap in the MS] 

All soilkin last to lik man in, 28008 AU swilk lust to like men in. 

It es to tell for dedli sin. It es to tell for dedly syn. 

And yee leuedis, wit your quite hals, And 3e ladys fat to lust war lathe, 

And sai to yond maidens als, 28011 I say to 30W and to maydens bathe, 

Yee wene may traist pat es vntreu ^e traist ouer mekill in thing vntrew 

And studis hu your hare to heu, pat stodis hals and hare to hew, 

Hu to dub and hu to paynt, 28014 Sum to dub and sum to paynt. 

And hu to mak yow semle and qt^amt, Forto mak 30W semeand quaynt, 

Biletts for-broiden and colers wide. With bendesbroud and colors wide,[eoLfI 

For to sceu wit your quite hide, 28017 Forto schew 30W hals and hide. 

Wit curchefs crisp and bendes bright, Withkerchifes crispand bilietesbrighiy 

Your scappes schins to mans sight ; To mak 30W schineand till mens sight; 

Thoru your trail bath wide and side, [ ^ 

Es not at seke to find your pride, no gap in the MS] 

Jjat wit thinges and other fele, 28022 With pir thinges and oper fele, 

Fra godd his ranscon ful dere yee stele. Fro god his dere raunson 3e stele, 

\)at es pat ilk saul pat he pat es pat ilk sawl pat he 

Cost wit his ded on rode tre ; 28025 Boght with his blude opon pe tre ; 

Qwen yee yow-self sua slight and slike When 30 to sight haue made 30W slike 

Yee sai pat men you wille be suike, pan say 36 men will 30W biswike, 

And yee pam in pair marchandise Bot 30 oft sithes on wonderwise 

Bisekins oft paa wreches vnwise, Biswikes pam in swilk marchandise, 

Qwen yee sa bede your war to sell, When 3e so bede 30WTe ware to sell, 

j)e fole marchandis eth to duell, 28031 pe fole marchand es eth to dwell ; 

Jjat qwenpai see your dubbing ware,[coi. 2] [ 

pairis sumthing be-houis pam ware ; no gap in the MS] 

And quils pai wen bii gold all fine, And wenes to by gold ful fyne. 

Of sith pai bii pam hell pine. 28035 Oft when pai by pam hell pine. 

1 sai noght pis poqz/eper of alle, I say noght pis by ane ne all, 
Bot if ani suilke haben mai fall Bot if any be slike may fall 

COTTON COTTON GALEA 



.RB NOT BAD. I COUNSEL ANY WHO PALL INTO GUILT TO SHRIVE THEH- 1551 
IS ; BE CHASTE IN BODY AND HEART. LET EACH SCOUR HIS OWN CONSCIENCE. 

3 hir reu it and be scriuen, — I rede fai rew it and schreuyn, — 

are-wit es all giltes forgiaen, — For farwith es all sins forgifen,— 

stint in stede o sum penance And leue sin in stede of penance 

SCO sal haue na mar greuance. And ])ou sal haue namore greuance. 

•e j)e branches o licheri 28042 fir er fe branches of litcheri 

maa fan i can tell J)ar-bi, And mo fan I can tell f arby, 

ha said fir at f e leist, Bot fir er said fas at f e leste, 

ai ar funden commuwest. Forf i fat f ai er comoneste. 

leri agayn f e spere 28046 [ 

jhastite f ou sal f e were ; 

ene in bodi and in hert, 

lal f on sane f i saul quart 

p fe seuen sinnes redd, ^ 28060 

iair branches o f am spredd, 

*at mai foru f am ilkan 

ing ic hope in erth es nan,28053 no gap in the MS.] 

for naman mai recken ham alle, And for no man may rekin all 

sinful chances fat mai fall, f e sorows fat of f is syn may fall, 

: ilkan i rede for-loke parfore ilkman suld him forloke 

li ripe wele fair aun boke, 28067 And graythly ripe his awin boke, 

skir f am sua wit fair in-sight. And scowre him so with his insight, 

onscience sua clene and bright, fat his conciens be clene and bright, 

li f ar-in leue nakin thing [ 

tti nede haf o scuring, no gap in the MS.] 

irr as sum fam mai min 28062 Als fer als he may of myn, 

jothfast serif t and reuth o sin, Withschriftofmowthandrewthof syn. 

fat for-geten es fam fra, God grante vs f is so to fulfill, 

•ai to godd forgiue fam f aa fat we his mercy may cum till. 

;eus fat i haf for-wit said, 28066 AMEN 

t man agh to scrift be graid. 

[How to maJce shrift] 

LU sal i tell f e her nest 28068 
a sal sceu f i scrift to preist, 
i will first at pride be-gin, 
rince es of all of er sin, 28071 

COTTON COTTON GALEA 



1552 CONFESSION OF PRIDE. '' I HAVE BEEN VAIN-OLORIOUS, BBBEL AflAIIB 
CHRIST, AND MY PARENTS; I TRIED TO SEEM BETTER THAN I WAS, HADE FALSE BHUfl^ 



]>at landmen mai a\xmquat lere, 28072 

To scape pair scrift wit ]>is samplere. 

Qua pat sin o pride will rise. 

He sal him serine on ])iskin-wisey 

" TU our lauerd crist and pe, 28076 

Mi gastli fader, yeild i me, 

Plighti for my syn o pr/ de Sj^j?"' ***• 

In pointes fat i sal vn-hyde. 

In vayn glory haue i libyng, 28080 

For fayr-hede, force, and cletliyng, 

For redy tung or costykyn, 

For likyng gode of werldes wyn. 

And for my scrud pat i was in, 28084 

Gaf i man sample for to syn ; 

To men and wemmen bath i wate, 

pat oft i helde my lightly late. 

To my lard ic am of-sene 28088 

To crist ic haue vn-buxum bene, 

pat wortschyp nan til hym bar i, 

Ne til hys moder, dere man ; 

Vn-buxum haf i bene, and thra 

A-gayn my gastly fader al-sa j 28093 

Gayn haly kyrk was i rebell. 

Gain fader and moder fers and f elle. 

Qua chastid me, me thoght hethyng, 

And snybbyd j)am fair chastyyng ; 

Gayu my better haue i bene 28098 

Bath in dedes and wordes kene. 

Wit grochyng strijf and wit bakbite, 

Wrangwys haue i wryjjen wyte. 

Ic ha me rosed in my mode 28102 

Bath my werkes wye and gode, 

dedes pat i ded noght 

Xe neuer may falle come in my thoght, 

Qwen men me rosed oft i me heied, 

]7ou ])ai mai falle opon me leied, 28107 

COTTON . 



And for me liked pat ])ai wald say 
I said not ans ])ar-wit naL 28101 

Oft ic ha roued soth or lese 
pat i wyst noiper queper it wese ; 
Ic ha me gemd vt-wit be sene 281U 
Better pem. i wit-in ha bene, 
pe grace pat godd me has lent 
I thank hym noght wit gode entent; 
Wit wislier pat i was amang 28116 
Haue i striued oft-sithes wrang, 
And ]>ar i tok a word to were 
I ne lete it falle on non manere ; 
And titter wald i lesyng make, 28120 
])an man my worde vn-tren to take. 
And quen. pat i to strineyng yede, 
I wald oft songyng for my lede. 
An lay on oper men my wyte, [esLq 
For to mak me-seluen quite. 28125 
And ]>ar myn aun plight was all 
I said i myght noght do wit-all, 
Or sayd my scryft wit wordes queme 
pat my syn pe lesse suld seme, 28129 
And i may fall ha left vm-quile 
pe synnes pat war lath and vile. 
And haf i holy my hert wit-in 
pe thynges sen pat ekes syn 28133 
Als stede and parson, tyme & tyde^ 
Ic ha ]>am holn al wit my pride. 
And oft als haue i me wit-draun 28136 
Til vncuth pryst, and fra myn aun. 
Mi scrift i lette til hym to scao, 
pat he schuld noght my thoghtes knan. 
Ic hafe coueitid in blis to be 28140 
For-j)i pat aUe suld wirschippe me, 
To here me reuerence on J)air wise 
And heild to me wit ]>air sermse. 

COTTON 



QED OTHER HEN. I HAVE BEEN ENVIOUS OF MY NEIGHBOUR'S WELFARE, 1553 
SOWN THE SEEDS OF STRIFE.*' CONFESSION OF ANQER, BAOK-BITINO, AND WRATH. 



', myght ])at godd me gaue an mayn, 
laf hym-self werraid agayn, 28145 
3les, iolitesy and plaies, 
laue be haldyn and ledde in ways, 
r men dedis oft i demyd^ 
in my aun folis yemyd, 28149 
r and aid and men vnwyse 
hethyng haue i driuen oft^ythes. 
omman haue vn-buxum bene 
L tarid myn husband to tene, 
nany thyng fat i suld don, 28154 
I nogbt quefer my lagh vndon. 
laue synned thoro enA'y, 
I J)ar-of crist ! i cri mercy ! 
n i sagh ofer men mistad, 28158 
lis sare^ wald i be gladd, PMS.fiire] 
his ded and his vn-hele, 
skath takyng of his catell. 
n i sagh my neghbur wele far^, 
L aun soru it was fe mare, 28163 
his god fare and his fame, 
welth, his wy tt, and his god name, 
and oft at him vn-spede, 28166 
li ia will dkud word and dede. 
tntis my better i hade envy, 
n he was for-j)er mar fen j, 28169 
dm fat was myn eueniwg rike 2fi.^5]* 
it forthoght he was me like, 
L he fe porer was o prise, 28172 
ed he forthur mare suld rise. 
Tif oft haue i oft sauun f e sede 
3ring my brother to wan-spede ; 
haue i bene ouer mistrauand, 
n i for me na chesun fande, 28177 
[ dempt man as me-self list 
L na wite apon him wist. 

\ COTTON 



His loue-worde wald i lette to rise 
And qwar i wist a worthy wise, 28181 
And fat suilk of er man war slayn, 
My-self wald haue pa?*t of f e payn." 
IF In fat of wreth will serine f e hale. 
On fiskin wise bigin f ou sale, 28185 
" Oft sithe haue i wrethid sare 
Him fat me gat, here fat me bare, 
And sume of f aim wit hand i smat. 
Mi lauerd, my maister, my prelat, . 
Or laid on hand in my sotthed, 28190 
fat ic am cursed o f e dede." 
And here fan agh f ou for to telle 

suilkin case, hou it be felle, 
"Again my brefer haue i bene 28194 
Oft-sith lightly for to tene. 

Wit flitt, wit brixil, striue and strut, 
Myn euen-cristen haue i hurt. 
And oft vn-saght o him i said, 28198 
And of his lastes gaue vp-braid, — 

1 wald he ware vn-fere or ded, — 
And bath i procurd f am wit red, 
Thoru tene of him spak i iUe, 28202 
And did his loue-word for to spille. 
Oft i was to him wit vn-right, 

Wit will fat ic on him suld light. 
To bak-biters myn here i laid, 28206 
For wele me liked fat f ai said ; 
Ic ha ben wrath and vn-tholand 
Qwen i was bunden in godds band. 
For tynsel, for syte of catell, 28210 
For frendes dede fat me was lele ; 
fat me wald loue for cristes au 
To seke him-seluen wit missau, 
To wreth was vnright-wis, 
I did man cum be-for iustis, 28215 

COTTON 



1554 '' M7 RAOB HINDERED GOOD DEEDS, 1 SNUBBED THE POOa" " THROUGH BLOII 
I LEARNT NO GREED NOR SAID HT PRATERS ; TOO IDLE TO HELP WIPE, PARENTS OB 



And did man quilum cum in place, 
Wit-vten mister a,nd wit manace. 
Q^uen i had giae^i sakles strak [coi. t] 
Mi-self was first fat playnt can mak, 
To my lauerd crist ic it quaia, 28220 
In breth ic haue man quiluTTi slayn, 
My breth it wald be til vnhoue 
])at many man was wonto droue. 
And thoru my breth a» myn vn-ro 
I letted god dedis for to do. 28226 
Je ponre men pat me to-soght, 
I snibed ]7am als i aght noght ; 
And i haue halden lang in thoght 
pQ ded pat me misliked oght, 28229 
And sua my pater nostev said 
Agayn pe lagh is peron laid, 
pat biddes al pat rightwys Hue 
Til oper alle Jaire gilt for-giue, 28233 
For qua til oper for-giues noght his, 
Vr lauerd for-giues nan, i-wys." Jj^*™^ 
IF Suemes wit his braunches brade, 
j)us pan may J)i serif t be made ; 28237 
" Ic ha bene reckeles on many wys 
Anentis crist and his seruise, 
Childir pat ic houe o funt, 28240 
And als my-self ic haue vm-stuwt, 
I cri godd merci, bene leue to suere 
Vre crede and pater nostei lere. 
Mi lauerd i suld serue treuly 28244 
Ic haue hym seruyd vn-reckesly, 
Ic for-soke oft to kyrk at ga. 
And letted oper men pere fra ; 28247 
My prayers say was me ful lathe. 
For oper and me-seluen bathe. 
In kyrk i wroght oft syth vn-ro 
Q,uen goddis seruis was to do, 28251 

COTTON 



And haue i thoru mi frauwardnes, 
Letted oper men paire mes. 28253 
A tale pat was not worth at telle 
Leuer was me here pen crist spelle; 
Gode for to do me thoght vnnspede, 
In idele-nes was all my dede 28257 
pe tyme pat ic in lijf has lende 
In idel-nes ic haue it spende. 
pe festes pat in kyrk ar sette 
Ic haue pam soth ful iuel gette, 28261 
For werkes haue i wroght pam in 
And dedes vmquile of dedly syn. 
Mi spussed wyfe i haue misledd gsf*^ 
Bath in burdyng and in bedde, ^' *^ 
-N"e noper here gaue help, ne consail, 
Als wit pe lagh o my spusaiL 2826* 
Mi childer als and my menje 
A reckeles leder pai fand me, 
Vn-kynd i was, me rues sare, 2827( 
Gayn fader & moder pat me bare, 
And has myn helpes pan wit-draun 
Wen pai hade noght wit Hue per aun 
And lette o pam pe lighter 2827^ 

pat pai suld haue to me mister. 
IF Maister o childer i was sum-quar<?, 
I ledd noght lele wit my lare, 
Quare i was scheperd hade sauls to kep 
To reckelesly i geit my schepe ; 2827J 
I chastyd pam noght als me bird, 
-N"e teched trouth als saul hyrd, 
Ouer slaw i was for pam to ris, 2828* 
Reckeles to do pam pair seruise. 
Ic ha ben bath reckeles and suere 
To helpe nedy in pair mistere. 
Ic ha made vous oft vn-right, 2828C 
And halden pam ef ter my might, 

COTTON 



OHILDREN, I BROKE VOWS, OR HOUSBLED WHEN I WAS UNFIT. I WAS A BAD 1555 
SXlBCUTORy MY IDLENESS HINDERED OTHERS. I DESPAIRED OF FORQIYENESS." 



fe gode vous ic am vn-knaun, 28288 
Broken ic haue or lang to-draim. 
Ic ha ben sua wit soruuing soght, 
fai line ne dede me roght of noght ; 
Pcinetis o fremyd and &ende 28292 
I haue discouerd als vn-hened. 
I was diaun my scrift to make 
Q«en i was fallen in any sake, 
To scrift i yode oft to be sene 28296 
Mare ]>an to serine me clene, 
And left to scheu ))at sin ymquile, 
)w qnilke i wist for wers and vile. 
I brake my scrifte vmquile mai falle, 
Vmqidle snme, vmquile all. 28301 
To iesa crist i mak my mane ! 
Ynrworthile haue i husel tane, 
Berand breth in hert and tene 
Or oper sin vn-scriuen clene, 28305 
Or in will sin do eft, 
Wit fat sin i for-wit left. 
I ha ben mistruand al-sua, 28308 

In sum point o pe truth or niaa, 
And folud wiche-crafte and frete, [ool a] 
And charmyng, crist J>er-of me bete ! 
godds godes ]>at i fand, 28312 

And mans haue i ben vnknauand. 
Quen. i til ony gode dede mynt 
Fnl eth it was do me to stint, 28315 
And ofer mans beginyng of gode dede 
Ofi-sith i letted for to spede. 
"Wit myn lastes in many thyng 
Grafe i oyer men il bisening; 28319 
And if i itny gode dede did, 
Hj heit it was noght ]>ar emyd. 
Ic seketur made of testament, 
Ke folad noght wit gode entent 28323 

COTTON 



f e testament for to fulfill, 28324 

Eot gafe i it gain dedis wilL 
And ic ha fere ben in present 
far man wit-vten testament, 
Wit-vten scrift and preist rede, 28328 
Thoru mi sueryng mai fall was dede. 
Ben i haue vmstond quave bame 
Wit-vten cristeniwg was for-farne. 
Qwen idel thoght me come and vain 
Wit will i stode Jam noght again, 
Bot oft i lete Jam on me rene, 28334 
To fai me drogh to dede o sine. 
I ha me liked ai vm-quile 
In vnnait wordes, lath and vile. 
Til idel gammes, chess and tablis, 
Bot or eigniwg hert and rime and fablis. 
I ha bene in my lagh vn-lele, 28340 
Q,tceR i thoght o my synnes fele 
fat war sa grett wit-vten end. 
Me thoght i moght ham neuer mend, 
And fat has don me for to fall 28344 
In wane-hope, fat es f e werst of all. 
And lett fat i was noght worthy 
fat he suld giue me euer mercL 
fat als ferr-sume in me was 28348 
I made me like to sire judas, 
fat wald reue godd of his beute 
Thoru mishope in his merci fre. 28351 
I ha bene far agayn to bald 
Als i fat cuth na mesur hald, 
fat i gain crist rightwisnes 28354 
Has sinned in hope of forgiuenes. 
And for to eke wit my foly [if i67,coi. ij 
I wroght f e wers for his mercy, 
f is sin es cald presumpciun. 
fat crist gaf til his malisun. 28359 

COTTON 



1556 THE IDLE priest's CONFESSION. SHHIFT OF C0VBT0USNE8S ; " I HAVE STOIHT, 
TAKEN FEES WBONOFULLT, IN FALSE DEALING AND LIES I HAVE FOBSWORN MYSELr." 



And i, prest, funden vte of distresse, 
In dedly sin has sungen mease, 28361 
Or haue i sungen in cursing 
Or help oper men to sing, 
In dedly sin i tok vnscriuen, 28364 
Myn orders sua war J)ai me giuen, 
And did miw office na-fe-lese 
Jjat vn-despensed sang i messe. 
Vn-deuote in my praier 28368 

Seruid i haue a-but fe autere ; 
My suemes me has don for-gette 
And many sinnes left vn-bett, 28371 
Ofere a oper me noght on mines. 
I cri godd merci for my sinnes." 
Bi-gyne J>i scrift on fiskyn wys, 
fat will fe serine o couaitys ; 28375 
" I cri merci ! i ha ben mare 
Grenand and greueand J>an mister ware, 
To tak ai redy fat i moght, 28378 
For to spend full lath me thoght. 
Cure fele-sith haf i ben to spend 
J)e gode wit skil fat godd me send, 
To gleumen cald and to ioglere, 28382 
In tent pai suld me luueworde here ; 
I mak to godd and pr/est my scrift, 
I hafe reued late and don thift. 
And i ha boght and tane of gyf t 
Bath reueyd and o thyft, 28387 
And haue i tan bath aght and fe 

Jam fat had na propur-te, 

Als mu/ik, nuwne, or spused wijf, 
pat sammenly aght to lede fair Hue. 

1 ha stolne & fule fe mare 28392 
Quilum of haly kirkes ware ; 
A-mang myn of er wark vn-lele 

Haf i oft forged fals sele ; 28395 

COTTON 



Myn hird-men and als of er mas 
Haf i f aire seruis halden fra ; 28397 
Lante & thyng me was taght 
I held ouer-lang as i noght aght ; 
f of i wit thefe vmquile no yede 
I was consentand to fair dede. 28401 

wrang be-geten thyng ic oft [«o».f] 
fat i moght quite i quite it noght; 
Agains will i lent my thing, 

And quilum tok f ar-f or okeryng ; 
To symoni gaue i my tent 28406 

Bath in ordre tan and bent, 

1 fat suld be o clene liuelade, 

Has oft bene chapman gain my had; 
fat men fat oftest wit me delt 

cheping oft i fam be-telt. 28411 
fat was selland o maner sere, 

II thing for gode, or gode oner deie, 
For luue o gift fat me was bight 

1 gaue wrangwis-dome for f e right ; 
Wittnes foluar wit fals iustise, 28416 
Al haue i bene thorn couettise. 

In trouth and ath i haue my state 
Broken, for luue o wiked by-yate, 
For leuer me was be self for-suom 
fan fat myn ath me war for-bom ; 
And fat i haue i am vn-knaun 28422 
Of iere men to manath draun, 
And glosed i haue and spoken fayie 
men in tent to win o fair. 
Gains godd i haue bene vn-hende, 
fat i wit-halden ha my tende, 28427 
And has it quitte til of er men 
fan to my right pn'est parochen; 
In tendes haue i lett don in 
Sinfully in tent to wyn. 28431 

COTTON 



rr OF GLUTTONY. "l HAVE LIKED GOOD LIVING TOO WELL, I HAVE 1657 
'IPST AND MADE OTHERS SO, GOING TO TAVERNS. I HAVE DONE FLESHLY SIN.'' 



dy sekand to my has 28432 
Le wit-draun wit almt^. 
i ha fiinden thyng ouer-raght 
1 it noght to ])aim ])at it aght ; 
1 pe lagh in land is sett, 28436 
wysed fals weght and mette, 
ind tak, and rent o syse, 
[lalden i haue wit couettise." 25^"' 
glotery wa wil serine him clere, 
lay be-gyn o j)is manere ; 28441 
i&m crist i cri merci 1 
linned i haue in gloteri, 
bene wont at drink and ete^ 
i-gain right tyme sette, 
d me riuely noght at es 28446 
luen i had to many mese, 
qnilum J)aa me liked noght ^^^i^^^ 
|>ai ware riche and dere boght ; 
lete and drink haue i me nomyn 
my kind haue ouer-commyn, 
sua fordon myn aun mayn, 28452 
ne behouid it tathe agayn, 
als tide vmquile sli cas, 
: fat i huseld was, 
has hade it in myn vsage, 28456 
3te and drink to do vtrage. 
hafe i oft in my sott-hedd 
ten oper men to druwkenhedd, 
neddeles oft hot for glotri 28460 
:h mete and drink did i. 
aueme huse my-seluen was wont, 
draun men fer-til vmstont ; 
lenten tide and fasten day 28464 
aaue i broken gain my lay, 
haf i gin til ojier maa 
pie for to do alsua. 28467 

COTTON 



And i haue don gain my fasting 
My flelschely lust in ofer thyng, 
And i haue halden quen i was sett 
Langsum setes at my mete. 28471 
H To iesn crist i cri merci ! 
Ic ha don sin in lucheri. 
Wit womman knaun and vnkend, 
I haue my fles wit Jam blend. 28475 
Su7» war me sibe, sum war comjiw. 
And sum war of religion. 
Or suilk fat sum war o my kyn 
Had may falle don for-wit hir sin. 
Mi godd doghter i gafe ne grith, 
Mi sister haue i siwned with, 28481 
And forced sum woman with nede. 
And mafens reft fair mafenhede ; 
And serekens botes has fam bight, 
And broken vmquile my trouth plight. 
Mi spused haf i broken rife, 28486 
And ledd fe wers my spused wife ; 
Ic haf liggen woman bi-side 
In haly tyme and lenten tide. 
And haf i broken wit foly, 28490 
J>e lagh kynd thoru licheri. 

spusail i haf fe halines 

In lust al spended o my fles. 28493 
^Wit womman seke vmquile haue i 
And vnkyndeli don licheri, p coi. 2] 
And womma/i ner hir chiltyng state, 
Agayn fat cristes lagh me bade. 
In my self my lust i soght, 28498 
To file me al gat fat i moght ; 
And in mi child-hede haf i wroght 
Many thyng fat i aght noght ; 
Likand thoght o flesly syn, 

1 haue me riueli liked in. 28503 

COTTON 



1558 MORE CONFESSION OF WICKED SIN IN DETAIL; YOU MUST SAT 
YOU ARE GUILTY OF. WE NEED NOT RECKON UP THE SMALL BDSfS, 



Gemdand i haf oft ben 28504 

Desird o fire wymmen seen, 
And oft has tillid ])aiu wit sight 
Quen i nonofer do ne myght. 28507 
I haf Jam wit delt crist i mene, [dene. 
Wit handling vnhende, kissyng vn- 
And has fam soght wit-vten hone 
Til oper and til myn aun be-houe. 
I haf alsua ben messagere, 28512 

Felaw in licheri and fere, 
Lucheri has don me scrud 
^le-self and bere my bodi prud. 
In gang, in chere, in contenance, 
pat i to men ha mad manace ; 28517 
Giftes haf i giuen and tane 
In licheri well mani ane. 
Lucheri has me reft resun 
With charm and coniurisun, 28521 
Wende i workman to be wile, 
And sua myn aun faith to file, 
And per-of haf i made rosyng 
Bath o soth and o lesyng. 28525 

At wrestelyng, at wake, rengd haf i 
And folud wit lust all luchery ; 
Lechur sanges haf i wroght 28528 
And luued at here pdivi quen i moght ; 
I ha bene wont thorn lucheri 
Wordes to spek of vilany, 
Dremes has me filed on night, 28532 
For glotori thoght and forwit sight ; 
And haf i lettid right spusail 
Bath wit wark and wit consail; 28535 
And was oft procurand and sagh 
Dern spusail don again fe lagh. 
And haf i halden in mi hus 
Of anlepe hordam and of spus. 28539 

COTTON 



I ha bene butward forto lett [ifiBik«Li] 
Tuix man and wijf fair childer gett, 
And haf i quilum raised strij^ 28541 
Bi-tuix spusd man and wijl 
Ic ha fordon wit wicked-hede 
Child pat was begun to brede, 
Sua sinful dedis haue i done, 28541 
pat quikborne child i haue fordon." 
And here pa,n has pe sinful nede 
To tell quat wijs did J>e dede, 
Of alle pe sinnes he has wroght 28560 
]>e circu7nstance ne leue he noght; 
pe quilk i haf pe rede 
For-wit in a certayn stede, 28553 
Bot ]>ou reder thar pe noght scaw 
]>ir branches als to reken on raw, 
Bot als mani als ])ou wat 
pat ]k)u art plighti in ])i state. 28557 
IF ]>i smale sinnes es no nede 
Ilkan for to reken and rede, 
For riueli mai we find Jam son 
Wit in vr comun dedis don ; 28561 
Als comand of vr gentilnes, 
Als wreth pat scort, and sodenes, 
And quen man think to traueil lath, 
To saghtil men pat er wrath, 28565 
To lete pe poure in fair mist^, 
Stand to lang wit-vten answar. 
And laghter light pat cums of gle, 
Drunkewnes if it vnvisd be ; 
For es na sin pat es sua light 28570 
pat it ne mai be dedli plight, 
pat es to man pat ligges J)ar-in ; 
Ke es far nan sua dedli syn 
J?at it ne turnes in to light, 28574 
Thoru reuth and betyng of pe plight 

COTTON 



ARB PURIFIED BT 00KFE8SI0N AND THE WORTHY TAKING OF THE 1559 
X)BD's SUPPEB. a prayer to be said AFTER CONFESSION IS MADE. 

pat o ])irkin si7mes scriueiiy And for-giue if his will be, 28612 

uen maners ar psl for-giuen, fat i can noght here telle to j)e/' 

vorthi taking o fe fode 28578 
Ids aun fles and blode, 
li water j)e strenkling, 
ihoru J)e pater noster saying, 
I ]>e confiteor pat es 28582 

; to be said at pe messe, 
esff here deuocion, 
haf J)e prest benison, 
dpe J>e pure at almt^ dede [ooi. t] 
j-of i sal fe sijjen rede. 28587 
J)ou has tald wit muth steuen 
ines alle pat J)ou can neuen, 
])ou pQ will abinding lai 
. pi scnft pti8 mai ))ou sai, 28591 
alle pe sinnes pat i ha wroght, 
: oper pat me mjnjxea noght, 

Orae, in werx, ai my uue, ^^^ confessionia precedentU 

LOght, in wijt, min wittes fine, 
alle pe limes me es lent, 28596 
a als godds comament, 
sacrement of cristen lai, 
tuelue pontes of pe fai, 
Is in warld i tru es nan -28600 
sinful man as i am an ; 
-for to godd i merci cri I 
til his moder dere mari, 
all seyntes of heuen sere, 28604 
praes J)e, gastely fader dere, 
ou qwen domes-dai sal be 
le fir thinges wittnes me, 
a pe fend pat es my faa. 28608 
prai for me to crist alsua 
e ha merci of my plight, 
am redi for to right, 28611 

cotton cotton 



1560 THERE ABE THREE KINDS OF SHRTFT AND SATISFAOTION FOB SIN, NAMB^ 

PRATBBy FASTING, AND ALMS. 



In fis boke forwit haue i tald 28614 

Jat lele scrift agh be thre-fald, 

Wit reuth of hert, wit sceu to preist, 

Betyng of sin J)e thrid per neist ; 

For it mai be na penance right 28618 

Bot man bim pain to bete bis plight, 

fat satisfaccion es cald, 

And J)is parti it es thrid-fald, 

In almus, fastyng, and orisun, 28622 

And ])ai ar sua sett wit resun 

Jat fire ina,ne7*a of beting thrin 

Mai wit-stand tre maners o sin. 

Gain pride pat orisuw mai rise, 28626 

And fast gain flesli conetis, 

Almus gain scarsnes wit-stand, 

And ]7us-gate mai ])ou yndirstand. 

J)ar es tuin betyng berand mede, 

j)e tan in werk of almtis dede, 28631 

Jje toper is chastying of fles, ^^^^'^if'ij**^^' 

And til almiis threfalde it es ; 

pe first es for thinking sare, 

fat he him-self wit alkin fare 28635 

Offers to godd als sacrifice, 

O J?is sais salamon J?e wise, saiamon 

" Sun, pe self pe saul reu 

And prai godd wit fi trouth treu.*' 

fis almw5 in bok we rede, 28640 

pat als Jje water it slokkens glede, 

Alsua dos alm2^5-dede pe sin 

To man pat almtis likes him in. 

And quat o man pat reus sare, 28644 

And sais he for his sin has care, 

And leghges for him no for-fi 

pat he na scrift mai vnderly. 

For he is tendur & vn-fere 

Agh man fan his scrift to here. 28649 

COTTON 



Als witty men f ul wele has talde, 
schrift aw to be thiinfalde, 
Withrewthinhert,andschewintopie8le 
And mendes making fat f olows neste 
And man may do no penance right 
fat paynes him noght to bete f e pli^l 
Whilk satisfjEUitioun es talde, 
And fat party may be tbrinfalde, 
In Almus, fasting, and in orisown, 
And f ai er so sett with resowne 
fat fir maners of beting thrin Iiffl9,u 
May fordo thre maners of syn. 
Ogains pnde praier may rise, 
Fastin for flesli couatyse, 
Ogain scailknes ahnus-gifand, 
Or alyns may men vnderstand. Tmg^j 
Two maners of mending makes mei 
f e tane es in werk of almusdede^ 
fat of er es chastynig of fless, 
And fat ilk almus thrinfald es, 
For first it bus haue sorow sare, 
fat f e synful with sail fare 
And offer it to god als sacrafise. 
Of f is sais Salomon f e wise, 
" Sun, f i-self f i sawl saU rew, 
And fay god with f i teres trew." 
Of f is almus in bokes we rede, 
fat right als water slokins f e glede, 
right so dose almus dede f e syn 
In man fat almus likes in. 
What of fat man fat rewes sare, 
And sais he for hiss sins has care, 
And aledges for him noght forf i 
fat he may no penance vnderly, 
For he es tender man and vnfere 
Aw men swilk schrift of him to here. 

COTTON GALEA 



WKO TRULY REPENTS WILL DO PENANOB FOR HIS SOUL's HEALTH; 1661 
IF HB IS WEAK THE PRIEST OUGHT TO HELP HIM. 



link pat nay wit fis resun 28650 
atand agh to mak him bun^ 
rten sonen to do fe mendes 

fat to fat plight a pentes. 
If his penance be treu and lele, 
ii al for his saul hele, 28655 
ight al wil J)e be droun 
!ghtwisnes for him has woiin. 
oper resun far es fat he 
)ght funden in charite, 
rten qoilk es funden nan, 28660 
.11 his dedis dede as stane, 
iddes Ys bath in gode and ill 
dli thole vr lauerds wille, 
harite agh to be sa Strang 28664 
a greuance it mai oner gang, 
is man fat es in plight, 
noght his wrangwis warkes right, 
-thoru he is vte of charite 28668 
: all has sal saued be, 
crift is noght, me-think to tak, 

he will noght a-mendes make, 
nes he has na repentance 28672 

he will tak wit na penance, 
mlk, sais raymuTid his consail, 
I man sais wit-vten fail ^ BoAmundu* 
im reuys his sinnes sare, 28676 
will for-bere f am forf ire mare, 
akes penance neuer f e lese, [coi. 2] 
legges febulnes of flexse, — 
and wit talkyn him to-till 28680 
faand all for to went his will, 
a wit samples mai him bnng 
imkin ma.ner of beting, 
chea he heuines o sin, 28684 
ha penance f e pes mai wyn ; 

COTTON 



Me think wele nay for f is resoune 
For repentance suld mak him boune, 
With-owten assoyn to do f e mendes 
Als it vnto f e syn appendes. 
And to tak penance trew and lele, 
And dreghe it for his sawl hele. 
For right will fat penance be wroght 
Wharewith his sawl hele sail be boght. 
Anof er reson f aress fat he 
Es noght funden in charite, 
Whith-owten whilk es saued nane, 
Bot all his dedis er ded ilkane, 
Al if he euer with gude will 
Trewly thole both gude and ill. 
For charite aw to be so Strang 
fat no greuance suld it ouargang. 
Sen f is man fat has lifed so ill, 
And no penance will tent vntill, 
It seme he has no charite 
Whilk aU bus haued sal be. 
Me think his schrift es noght to take. 
Sen he will none amendes make. 
It semes fat he has no repentance Ccoi. 22 
Sen he will tak with no penance. 
Hereof gifes raymund gude counsaHej, 
If f is man say withouten fayle 
fat him rewes his sins sare. 
And es in will to sin nomare. 
And refuses penance neuer f e lese, 
By-cause of flessly febilnes, — 
With talking f e prest sail him till 
And with ensawmples turn his will. 

[ 

no gap in the MS.] 

Schewand f e heuynes of sin. 

And how penance to pese may win ; 

COTTON GALEA 



1562 THE WEAK PENITENT SHOULD THINK ON ADAM AND HOW LONG HIS PUNIBHinERT 
LASTED, WHAT UNREST THERE IS FOR SINNERS, WHAT BLISS FOR THE REPEKTAIl. 



To fall in syn hu gret folj, 28686 
Hu qiiat it es par-in to ly, 
For al ]>e gode ]7at man mai wirke 
Or mai be wroght in hali kirke, 
It bringes noght pe man to blis 28690 
fat dedeli sin in funden es ; 
Bot wele he mai to coue/ing win 
Quen. he is mendede of his sin. 
Jou do him vnder-stand alsua 28694 
Hu lang pat adam was in wa, 
And J)ai fat of his body sprang, 
Hu pair vnwelth ]>am lasted lang, 
pat first fra crist merci flemed 28698 
War alle, and alle to helle demed. 
And al bot for an appul bitt 
pat godd for-bedd and fai it ete. 
J)ou bidd Jis man for crist to nym 
He pat has don sa fele sin, 28703 
So do pat crist noght on him wrake 
If pat he right penance for-sake, 
For quen a sin was broken sua, 28706 
Hu sal he passe has hundret ma. 
pOM scheu him o fat mikul vnro 
Jjat sinful man is grathed to. 
And alsua o pat mikel blis, 28710 
pat iesu crist has graythed to his, 
fat es to men will f am amend 
O f aire liuelade be-for f aire end. 
And if all f is mai noght a-uaiel 28714 
Ar fat f ou tine all f i trauail, 
Gyf him suilk penance to here, 
fat he to brek haf no mister ; 28717 
And if he wit namaner will take 
His sin f ou fand do him for-sake, 
fat scrift and sinnes forsaking 28720 
Mai him to fire of clensing bring, 

COTTON 



What foly it es in syn to fall, 
How wathe it to lig witball, 
For all f e gude fat men may wirk 
Or may be wroght in haly kyrk, 
May noght bring fat sawl to bhs 
fat dedly sin in funden iss ; 
And ilka man to welth may win 
fat here will mend him of his sin. 
Mak him to vndeistand alswa 
How lang fat a day es in wa, 
And form faders fat we of sprang, 
How f aire misliking lasted lang, 
fat war fro cristes mercy fiemid 
And seyin all, ynto hell demyd, 
And all bot for ane appill bitt 
fat god forbed and f ai ette it. 
And mak f is man on crist to myn 
All if he haues done mekill syn, 
So fat he tak of him no wrake 
All if he right penance forsake. 
When slike wrake on a syn was tane, 
How sail he do has many ane. 
Shew him als of f e mekill vnro 
fat sinful man es ordand to, 
And also of fat endles blis, 
fat god has ordand to all his, 
fat es f am fat will amend 
All f aire mis here or f ai end. 
If he set noght by f is counsail 
Or a man tyne al his trauail, 
Gyf him so light penance to bere, 
fat he to brek haue no mistere ; 
And if he f arto will noght take 
Get him algate his sins forsake, 
fat schrift and his sin forsakeing 
To fire of clensing may him bring, 

COTTON GALBA 



90LDBN-M0UTH BATS THAT PENANCE MUST NOT BE LAID TOO HBAVILT. 1663 
riNG IS GOOD FOB US j WB OUGHT TO GIVE ALMS TO OUB POOB BBBTHBEN. 



i man mai be saued sua, 28722 
b we mai vr sample ta. 
id he gaf na penance mare JJJ^S' 
^a no[tt;] forth and syn na mare ;" 
on gildin-muth ])arbi sais, 
sum birthin on oper lais, 28727 
6 birthin be til vn-mete, 
er lijs fer-wit be strete 
a be-houis it cast him fra 28730 
lie mai noght far vnder ga, 
lance it fars sua right, 
Lar tas ]>an he here might 
he sal leue it wit-alle 28734 
lamfulli J)ar vnder stand." 
f we be in ijf wit chaunce 
L to lay suilk penance, 
to yield well better is 28738 
ci J)an of cruelnes ; 
lat es ^at spense mai be 
ig ])ar ]7e lauerd es fre, 
ist is buxum to vnbin[d], 28742 
.1 man preist oner hard find, 
tin j>G rotes as pou mai 
man sin to do a wai, 
onsail him to dedis ])aa 28746 
aus man ))air shines fra, 
elnes and drunkenhede, 
li to sin man riueli lede, 
g and gode bisines 28750 

man oft fra lust of flexs. 
er, ahmis qua might na mare 
L his euen cristen sare, 
le we agh haue reuth of oper, 
«re in baret se vr broper. 28755 

. . . no gap in the MS,] 

COTTON 



pat a man may be saued swa, [iMf to, eoi. i] 
Of crist we may ensaumple ta. 
We find he gaf penance nowrwhare 
Bot, "go now furth and sin nomare;" 
And Jhon with fe gilden mouth sais, 
" Who any bi[r]thin on oper lais. 
And J>e birthin be to him vnmete, 
pe berer ligges parwith by strete 
Or him bihoues cast it him fra 
When he may noght pare vnder ga. 
Of repentand so fallas it right. 
Who takes more pan he here might 
Owther leue it sone he sail 
Or schamfully par vnderfall.** 

[ 

. . . . no gap in the MS,] 

And reson to jelde wele better es 

Of mercy pan of crowelnes ; 

And what nede es pat pe spenser be 

Nithing of pat pe lord es fre. 

Sen crist es bowsom to vnbind, 

Whisuld men priste panouer hard find, 

Bot ger pe rotes if pat he may 

Of pis mans syn be done oway. 

And cownsail him to dedis pa 

pat drawes men all syns fra. 

For fasting and gude bisines . 

Gers a man fie lustes of fless. 

And Idilnes and dronkinhede, 

pir vnto sins wil lightly lede. 

pe secund, almus who might nomare 

To rew oure euyncristen misfare, 

For ilkone aw haue rewth of oper. 

When we in baret se oure broper. 

pat es all pat er cristen kend, 

At oure might we suld pam mend, 

COTTON GALBA 



1564 ALMS SHOULD BE GIVEN FREBLT, AND OF OUR OWN GOODS ; IT IS OF VO 
ROBBING ONE TO GIVE TO ANOTHER; GOD WILL HEAR THE POOR, AND WILLBSCUTl 



[ 

no gap in the M8J\ 

^e thrid almz^s es gift of hand, 28760 

Or elles in word or werk helpand, 

Ofer in for-spece or in consail, 

fat mai ])e nede oght auaiL 

For quam man sees in hungir or nede, 

& he na beting will him bede, 28765 

He sal be chalenged if he bei 

Of ))i8 dede, bot sant ambros leL 

Bot aljnus askes to be wroght 

rightwis aght, or elles noght, 28769 

And o fin aun propur thing, 

For suilk it es sant paule bidding ; 

For elles vnmedi sal it be, 28772 

Scathel and wrangwise als to J>e. 

And per-oi haf we wittnes lele [ooi. 2] 

crist, fat sais in his gosspel, 

" Vn-nait is fat almusthing 28776 

fat f ou f e mas of reuid thing." 

Quat bot a prai for f i welle 

Anof er prai for fin vn-sele, 

To godd of heuen fat es rightwise, 

& til alle men ilik skilwis ; 28781 

For if f ai here f e tan mai fall, 

f e tof er him lettes wit his gain call. 

And for to do, a-nof er to spill, 

Qz^at mai per fall bot suink per till, 

f e tan to ban, f e tof er to blis, 28786 

Quilk of ire tua sal for haf his. 

[ 

. . . . no gap in the MS.] 
Certes vr lauerd luues naman sua 
To reue a-nof er his right him fra, 
Ne for na riche man to here 28792 
Vn hers he pouer man praier, 

COTTON 



All er bref er fat has baptym tane^ 
And criste es heuyd of vs ilkane. 
l^e thrid almus es gift with hand, 
-• or elles in word or werk helpandi 
Oif er in speche or in kownsayle, 
fat may f e nedy mekill availe. 
For who so ses f e pouer haue nede, 
And no helping will to him bede. 
He sail be chalanged and he dy 
Of his ded, bot if Ambrose ly. 
Almus askes to be wroght 
Of rightwis aght, and els noght, 
And of a mans awin propir thing. 
For fis same es saint paules biding; 
And els vnmedeful es fe dede, [ools; 
And makes to f e doer no mede. 
And hereof haue we witnes lele 
Of crist, fat sais in his godspell, 
"All vnnayt es fat almusing 
fat f ou makes of reued thing." 
What helpis it ane pray for f i wele 
And of er pray for fine vnsele, 

[ 

. . . . no gap in the MS.] 
If god suld here f e tane may fall, 
fat of er lettes him with gain call, 
Ane forto spare, anof er to spill, 
What may fare fall bot syn far tyll, 
fat one askes bale, fat of er blis, 
Whilk of f am sail furth haue his, 
Whether so askes more rightwisly. 
Sail be herd of god almighty. 
For sertes oure lord lufes no man sw 
To reue ane-of er his right him fra, 
God lettes noght f e pouer to here, 
For no riche man prayere, 

COTTON GALEA 



RONOFUL GIFT. CHBIST SAYS, "GIVE MB OP MINB OWN," THOU SHALT 1566 
ENDLESS BLISS. WHO BUT A FOOL WOULD NOT EXCHANGE LEAD FOB GOLD 1 

i receues he right nan 28794 N"e series he will resayue right nane 

s ]>at wrang es tan, Almus ])at of wrang es tane, 

rriten it es, he wil na gift We rede wele fat god will no gift 

:er, reuing, ne o thift. Of oker, reuing, ne jit of thift, 

|)at wittnes sant gregori, 28798 And Jat witnes wele saint Gregore, 

mani other witerly. And ofer ma we fynd Jjarfore. 

or to do almus rightwise To mak oure almns right and clere, 

uerd sais al on J>is wise, Oure lord sais vs on fis manere, 

1," he sais, " fat i fe gaue, 28802 " Man, f i gudes sen I f e gafe, 

le sum thing \er-oi to haue, Do me sum parte Jjarof to haue, 

to j)e was first giuer [ 

ae fe find to me okerer, no gap in the MS,^ 

n littil find J>e bain, 28806 And if I in litill find fe baine 

f e grettcr giue again, I sail gif fe gretter ogaine. 

ae-self mai naman mar^ Mine awin body fat noman mare 

f>er giue for na chafiare." May gif till ofer for no ware." 

|)0u hou it wit okerer es, 28810 Eight als it with ane okerer es, 

L for mare he giues fe lesse fat ai for f e more will gif f e les 

9U right sua, giues werldes thing, do f ou right so, gif worldly thing, 

ift fat sal haue nan ending. For blis fat neuer sal haue ending. 

ow. bot erth and f ou sal take ^ Gif f ou hot erth and f ou sal take 

n blis wit-vten sake. 28815 Heuyn blis fat neuer sail slake. 

at okering mas wit man, [ 

crift him-self quime mas f ou f an? 

1 had lede & hade nede . * 

haue gold ne wald f ou bede 

ma chaunge i hope fat yijs, 

f ou war a foul i-wise. 28821 

3 lede f ou ta bisning [ifi59,bk,coLi] 

jui rotand werlds thing, 

1 gold f ou vnder-stand 

L gode is ai lastand, 28825 

)tes neuer dai ne night 

uer ilike es funden bright. no gap in the M8J\ 

fou f e pour o fat plente, Gif f ou f e pouer of f i plente, 

I f i pouert mai helpe f e. 28829 fat in f i nede mekiU helpis f e. 

COTTON COTTON GALEA 



1566 ''who sows little, reaps little," the field of the poor yields HnSBIBH 
FOLD. ALMS LENGTHEN LIFE, MAKE A WALL AGAINST THE DEYIL, BEACH HBAVS| 



It was said 8i])en mani dais, 28830 
" Qua littil saus, fe lease he mais ; " 
])e pouer men es like ])e fild 
fat com plente is wont to yild, 
For all ])e sede man saus ])are, 28834 
It yeilds him wel ^at at mare. 
Sua dos right wis almus dede, 
An hundreth-fald man yeildes mede. 
To feild ])e sede man most it here, 
Bot fis feild self cums to sere, 28839 
fe tan is tild wit trauail gret, 
fe tofer wit-vten swine and suett, 
pe tan feild failes and oft is spilt, 
fe tofer bot thoru sauer gilt ; 28843 
Failand frute comis o ])at tan, 
Je tofe?* frute bes neuer gan. 
Sant austin sais, pe gode clerk, 
Almus es goddes aun werk, 28847 
For al god werk pat first was slain, 
It couers grace and fat a-gain, 
Leues to man his liues end, 
And fenddes his saul fra fe fend. 
It is for- wit fe saul a wall 28852 

Bateild fast wit-vten fall ; 

[ .• • • • 

no gap in the MS.] 

Almus thirles heuen alsua, 28856 

Aud ierome sais, and ofer maa, 

And gauges befor Jje giuer. 

Als it war a bemester, 

Cumand to pe yate of heuen, 28860 

Criand o crist wit-vten steuen, 

fat fe giuer mai helped be ; 

And doghter it es of charite, 

And heued it es of alle vertus, 

And we find alsua fat almus, 28865 

COTTON 



And said it es f us in aide daws, 
" Who litill maws, fe les he sawa;" 
pe pouer man es like fe f elde, 
fat mekill fruit es wont to ^elde, 
For all f e sede men sawes fare, 
It 3eldes fat and mekill mare. 
Right so rightwis almus dede, ^^^ 
A hundreth-Md men jeldes mede. 
f aire sede to f efeld bus husbandes ben^ 
Bot f is feld cumes to fe sawere, 
fat on es tild with trauayl grete, 
fat of er withowten swink or swete, 

[ 

no gap in the MS,] 

Fayland fruit cumes of fat ane, 
fat of er fruit bese neuer gane. 
Saynt Aniane fat nobiU clerk, 
Sais almus es goddes awin werk, 
For it recouers thurgh grace ogayne 
Al gudewerkes fat with syn warslayno. 
It lenkithes man in life to lende. 
And fendes his sawl fro f e fende. 
It es to f e sawl als a wall 
Grunded f ul fast and will noght fall ; 
Fro al wathes it will vs were, 
fat deuils do f e sawl no dere. 
Almus thirles heuyn alswa, 
Als ierom sais, and of er ma, 
And gase bifore f e right gifer, 
Als it war a mesanger, 
It cumes vnto f e jates of heuyn, 
Criand on crist with loud steuyn, 
fat f e gifer may helpid be ; 
And doghter it es of charite, 

[ 



. no gap in the MSi\ 

COTTON GALEA 



RB THE BEST BEGINNING OF PENANCE. IF YOU ARE RICH, HELP EVERY 1567 
;HBIST looks to the good-will of the GIVER. IF NOT, THERE ARE NINE WAYS. 



best biginging 28866 

e penances and best ending. 

loT ]»er mat^ es gode to knau, 

■nns sal i for-]>er drau, 

it fou man far-wit sal dele, [ooi. 8] 

1 will mak it gode and lele. 

I f ou giuer be sa rike 28872 

)a mai help ilkan ilike, 

i will fat f ou help ilkan, 

bafe-les lete ga £ra f e nan. 

7e find writen far we rede,28876 

rist lokes noght f e mede 

fter f e liuelad o f e asker, 

>f f e god-will of f e giuer. 

il a cursed man in nede 28880 

.gh to do fin dlmua dede, 

f for sikemes of fode 

ill noght bouu to mewd his mode, 

aan aght his fode wit-drau, 28884 

JO do him-self to knau ; 

fat is soth bot if fat he 

irel of dede funden be, 28887 

t>e man neuer sua wik of mode 

agh noght warn him Hues fode. 



It es alswa best bigining 
Of all penance and best ending. 
And for f is mater es gude to knaw, 
Of almus will I forf ir schaw. 
How ilka man with it sal dele, 
fat here will mak it gude and lele. 
If f ou fat gifes almus be slike, 
fat f ou may help ilkone in like, 
fan aw fe forto help ilkone. 
And haueles lat go fro f e none. 
For als fir clerkes in bukes rede, 
Crist lukes noght to f e almus dede, 
Ne to f e nede of f e asker, 
Bot efber gude will of f e gifer. 
f ou suld noght draw fine almus dede. 
Fro a cursed man in his nede, 
Bot if he for sekernes of fode 
Lettes for to mend his mode, 
fan f ou sail almus withdraw, 
Forto mak him himself to knaw ; 
And if he be in peri 11 of dede, 
f e au to counsaH him and rede. 

[ 

no gap in the MS.'\ 



^ the nine points of doing dlmsJ] 

we be siulk in stat mai fall, a 

>ou mai noght help f am all, 

ir far fine pointes to se, 28892 

m sal sett f i charite, 

>ou mai find of efter lare, 

!S trout, qui, quen, hu, quare. 

knes, gentris, blod, and eld, 

gh to do nede beUd, 28897 

f is word, " trout," f e teching giues 

)ke f e lagh fat men in-liues, 

COTTON 



De ix modisfaciend? elemosinam [col 2] 

If f ou be noght of state may fall. 
To gif fine almus vnto all, 
fan er fare nyen pointes to se. 
How f ou sail set f i charite, 
fat f ou may knaw by cristen lare, r^v^hare. 
And by fir wordes, whi, when, how, 
Wayknes, gentrise, blode, and elde, 
fir aw men with almus to belde, 

[ 

. . . . no gap in the MS,] 

COTTON GALEA 



1568 YOU SHOULD HRLP A TRUE CHRISTIAN, BEOAUSE, WHEN, HOW, AND VHBBI^ 

HE NEEDS IT. GIVE TO THE WEAK OB INFIBM, 

For crist pat fou seis right treu 28900 And cristen men )>at right will trow 

Jou helpe for-fi sar3in or luu. fou help bifore sarzin or iow. 

pis word [qui] sais ])e chosun pis word '' whi " sais ]>e enchesowno j 

poxjL agh for-qui ma ])in almt^^ bun, pe aw to mak ])ine almus bowne^ 

For if fon seis a man in handes, When ])ousese any haue hunger or caklfl^ 

And wit his faas likand in bandes. Or with enmys halden in halde, 

foM agh first helpe pat lijs in pain To him ])at in payn as halden styO, 

To laus him fra his wither-vin. 28907 Aw fe first do pine almns tilL 

Wit pis word, " qw^n," vn-do pe tide pis word " when " telles pe pe tydo ^ 

pe quilk pou agh noght ouerbide, Whilk pe aw noght to oner bide, 

For if a dughti man for dett, Als if a doghty man for det, 

Mai fall, be in pWsun sett, 28911 Par-auenture be in presun set^ 

Or elles be a-noid sare Or wrangwisly be noyed sare, 

pou agh to do pin almus pare, pe aw to do pine almus pare. 

For sin we reu agh and care And pat als sone als pou may se 

Of godd vs agh to reu pe mare. 28915 pat he so anoyed be. 

And pis word, "hu,"sais pe maner ^/J?» pis word " how " tels pe maneie. iij 

pat pou agh in almtM here, pe aw to do pine almus here, 

pat is pat pou can mesure pe pat es pat pou kun mesure pe 

Qiien pat pou giues pi charite, When pou sail do pi charite, 

Ne giue pu sua-gat noght til an 28920 And gif noght so largely till ane 

pat pou mai giue anoper nan, pat pou may gif anoper nane. 

pat pou giue noght sua farr aday, [ 

pat pou a-noper nick wit nay. no gap in tJie MS.] 

pis worde, ** quare/' pe stede us telles pis word " whare" pe stede vs telles, iiij 

To giue pir we suld noght elles. 28925 Whare we sail gif and nowr-ware els, 

[ pat es to say whare so we se, 

Oure euincristen in meschef be. 

And noght omang fele folk for-rose, 

AJs ipocrites paire almus dose ; 

Bot gif pine almus p?7'uely 

no gap in the MS.] Whare pou sese moste mister pe by. 

" Weiknes " sal pou lok for mede, pis worde " waikenes " will vs lere 

For pou man agh all helpe in nede, To gif waykenes and moste vnfere, 

pe waikest and pe mast vn-fere If we se pam haue grete nede, 

Agh pou wit pin almt^ here, 28935 And mister of oure almus dede, 

COTTON COTTON GALEA 



:OSB THAT HAVE SEEN BETTER DAYS, TO YOUR OWN KIN, AND TO 156^ 

THE AGED, DOING ALL IN SECRET. 



I to lam, ])e defe, fe blind, 

>er alle be ])am be-hind. 28937 

. no gap in the MS,] 
tris," til an dughti-hede 
mus agh fou for to bede, 28941 
lamli til him fat has bene 
id, heind, of costes clene, 
alles in-to state o nede, 
i>-les for his aun dede^ 28945 
lis word, " blod," agh pou to min 
) help J?in aun kin 
))an an yncuth man, 28948 
iiilk entent salt fou haue fan, 
. helping o kind be cummen, 
loght it of fe flexs be nummen, 
>u be noght for fx flexs mind 
)r to sustain manes-kind. 28953 

. . no gap in the MS.] 
jild " sal fou haf als in sight, 
L will do fin almus right, 
L f e forf er mar of eild, 28958 
,n agh to do bote and beild. 



. . no gap in the MS^ 
igh fou giuer to be blith 28966 
isli to giue and suith, 
[ lefthand wijt noght for roos, 
X1U8 fat f i right hand doos» 

. . nogap in the MS,] 28971 

COTTON 



Als lame and blind, fat may noght ga, 
And of er fat forte es fallen fra ; 
f am sail we help with mayn and mode, 
Yox gangand fote ay getes fode. 
fis "gentrise" will vs lede 2)M]^' ^ 
Till doghty at do oure almus dede. 
And namely to f am fat has bene 
Haueand, hend, of lifing clene. 
And es fallen into state of nede, 
f am sail we help with almus dede. 
fis worde "blude" makes vs to myn vij 
First forto help oure awin kin 
Titter fan ani of er man, 
Bot swilk entent sail we haue fan, 

[ 

, . . . no gap in the MS.] 
fat of oure fless we haue no minde 
Bot forto sustene mans kinde. 
And als if f ai vs gude haue done 
Vs aw titter to help f am sone. 
pis worde " eld " haue in f i sight, viij 
K f ou will do fine almus right. 
For ay f e more man es of elde, 
f e more men aw him forto belde, 
And forto do him almus dede 
And mayntene him for sawl mede. 
And cristen men als I said are ix 

Aw f e forto couer of care. 
Both bifor iew and sarcyne, 
Bot f ai will to f i law encline. 
f e aw also forto be blith 
To gif fine almus sone and swith, 
fat f i left hand wit noght for rose, 
f 6 almus fat f i ryght hand dose, 
fan of grete mede f ou sal noght mis 
Bot f arby bese f ou broght to blis, 

COTTON GALBA 



1570 THERB ARB FOUB MBANS OF CHA8TI8KMENT, PRAYER, FASTIKay Dl 

AND WATCHING. PRATER WITHOUT CBABINa^ TO AMEND OUR 80UUS. 



[ 



no gap in tJie MS.] 



[Of Castigation,'] 

Chastiyng o flexs foure fald to tak. 

In praier, fasting, wand, and wak. 

O pQ first YS sais sant paule 28976 

Bes ai praiand for jm sanl, 

For euer ai prai wit-vten stint, 

He fat graithli to godd has mint. 

Vr praing fen es to sai, 28980 

pat we in liuelade right be ai, 

fat es to be here ai 3erand, [ooL 2] 

])at ilk Hue is ai lastand. 

For rightwis man is praiand ai, 28984 

Bot if he leue his rightwis lai, 

And he is tald for ai praiand, 

pQ man pat Qxier is wel doand. 

And austin s^is vr gode langing 28988 

For godd, es tald als for praing. 

And if fis langing fan be, 

For fen praiand tald ar we. 28991 

•And f ou agh moght in f i praijng 

Ask principal! werlds thing, 

Bot for f i saul stat to mend, 

To win f e line wit-vten end, 28995 

f ar-for crist biddis vs to wisse 

To win vs f ormast heuen blisse. 

And sif en traistwr mai we bide. 

All of er gode vs sal be tide. 28999 

And has he sett vs certain task 

Quilk ar f ai bones for to ask. 

And seuen ar f ai fat vs mai spede 

Til al fat euer we haue of nede, 

Bath for Hue fat we ar in 

And for f e lastand Hjf to win. 29005 

COTTON 



Ynto his blis he bring vs all, 
fat for vs died and dome vs salL 

De din^rsis m oastigacionii 

Ghastyng of flesch es f ourfald totak% 
In prayer, fasting, wand, and wiku 
For f e first f us sais saint Pawl 
Bese euermore prayand for ^own sairi, 
Euer saU 30 pray and seses noght^ 
fat graithH vnto god htm thoght, 
fat es on f is wise f orto say, 
fat we in right lifing be ay. 
And forto be euermore jemand 
To fat life fat ea euer lastand. 

[ 



no gap in the M8,] 

Saint Austin sais cure gude jemig 
To god, es tald als for praying. 
And if fat 3emig idell be, 
For ideU prayand tald er we.^ 
And he fat lely lifes in land, [colsi 
£s halden als for euer prayand. 

[ 

no gap in the MS.] 

And crist himself kens vs I-wis, 
First forto pray for heuyn blis. 
And sethin baldly may we bide, 
Al of er gudes sail vs bityde. 



1 At the foot of this leaf ia the following^ written u 
a later hand. 

Ora^to fet ad deum 
vt dominus per orafjonem veneretair 
Quia vult rogari vt tribaat 
Ad torporera excuciendum 
Quia p«r lingoam peccaniM p«r W^y— » ntii 

faciamtM 
Ad fkigam demonam 



COTTON GALEA 



fttAtUR OnOHT TO BB OBIDIBNT, TBU8TFUL, PBIVATE, PUBE, SOBROWFUL. 1571 
XBEBB ABB TfiBBB MANKBBS OF FA8TINO, IN FOOD, IN THOUGHT, AND IN CHASTITY. 

And Jrite we ask here ilk a day 29006 [ 

Qt<6n we vt pater nosier sai, . * . , no gap in the MS.] 

And oiistin agh for be Oure praier aw euer forte be 

Bantam, tmistfdl, and prioe, Bowsum, traistfuU, and preue, 

SkilwiSy Me, sohamM, and clene^ Skilwis, and lele, schameful, and dene, 

Beofiil ]>en on for to niene« 29011 And ftorowful of oure sins to mene. 

O ]drkin thinges has praier nede Of ]»ir thinges has oure praier nede 

yxt certanli nent godd will spdde. Onence god if we will spede. 

Many bunthes has praier 29014 [ 

pat i mai all noght reckon hert, < » . . 

For it es god gain gastli wath, 

And gains flexsli sinnes bath, . . . « no gap in the MS,] 

For lerom sais man has imster 29018 Saint Jerom sais it es mistere 

To serekin sare giue salues sere ; For sere sares to gif salues sere ; 

For saluing fat estot yeiot [••.«* 4 <.. . 

£b noght for mans heued bote^ .... no gap in the MS,] 

For fasting flemes flexsli sakes, 29022 Fo[r] fasting clenses flesly sakes, 

And praier gastli sinnes slakesi And praiers gastly sins slakes. 

Fasting es ])e Uypet thing [ ... 

pat falles to flexsli chastijng^ . . « • no gap in the MS,] 

And o )>is £ist es thrin maneie j 29026 Fasting es set on thnn manere, 

|)e first to mete and drink for-ber^ First es mete and drink to forbore, 

O fla world fe iopet it es, cini^bkiMLl] The topet es of ])is werld I-wis, 

Baret to here for-bere ])e bliss, Blithly to here bale and leue blis, 

pe thrid to better ])an pe twa 29030 ^e thrid es better p&n. pe twa 

Wit gastli fast all gUtes for-ga ; With gastely fast all gref forga ; 

And wit jns thrin manar fast And with ])ir thre manors of faste 

Agh we to hald vr bodi chast, Aw vs to hald oure bodis chaste, 

For qnat bote is tn mete to min For what helpis it fro mete to twin 

And dedeli for to lig in sini 29035 If pat pe sawl be slayn with syn? 

Quat bote for-berebathmete and drink, [•••.« 

And Saul in sulwines to sink % • • • . • 

And qua will o^ere &st ha medOi » « . « 

Lok pBi do per-mt almus dede. . . « • nd gap m the MS,] 

And fast es idr-pi gret piis Fasting es of fill grete prise 

For it be-gan in paradis, 29041 For it bigan in paradise, 

OOTTON COTTON OALBA 



1572 ADAM FASTED IN PABADISE, OUR LORD FASTED 40 DAYS. FASTmO SHOULD 
HAYS FOUR COMPANIONS OR RULES, FREEDOM, GLADNESS, MEASURE, AND TOfH, 



For quilis adamwas fastand fare 

Fand he na knauing of care, 29043 

Bot fra fat he fat apul ete 

His wandreth wex him als skete. 

Vr lauerd seluen at f e last 

Halud him vr aUer fast, 29047 

fat was als f e stori sais, 

Quen he fasted ful fourti days. 

Fasting agh wit rigthwis laus 

To haf fohiand fir four felaus, 29051 

Fredom, gladdeschipe, houe, an^ time. 

O f e first sais sant leronime, • 

*' On fasten dai fat f e es sette 

f e mete fat f ou fi-self suld ete 29055 

If it ne fastin dai ne ware, 

f ou sal it to f e pouer spare, 

fat f i fast to saul fode mai falle, 29058 

And noght at fill fi purs wit-alle." 

[ 

. . . . no gap in the MSJ] 

f e tof ir sais crist him-selfen, 29062 

Spekand to his aposteles tueluen. 



" Quen yee fast," he sais, " bes noght 
Als ypocrites murmurand in thoght, 
To scan fair dedis men to knau, 29066 
Bot quen yee fast, fen sal yee scau 
Gladnes wit yur sembland blith, 
And sua yur fasting sal yee myth." 
fat als ferr-sum yee mai hide 29070 
Yee hele yur aun fastintide. , , . 
f e thride points mesure and houe,. . 
fat we agh wit vr fasting proue. 
For f of we fast we agh noght take 
Nof er mete ne drink vtrake, 29075 

COTTON 



Ai whils Adam was fastand fare, 
He had no knawing of no care. 
And when he gan f e appel ta 
Sone wex to him wandreth and wa. 
And als oure lord crist at f e last 
Gat vs ensaumple forto fast, 
And fat was als f e stori sais. 
When he fasted fourty days. 
Fasting suld by rightwis sawes 
Haue folowand him fir foure felaws, 
Fredom, gladschip, houe, and tyme. 
Of f e first sais saint Jeronyme, 
'^ Ilk fastin day fat f e es set 
f e thing fat f ou f iself suld ett 
If it no fasting day fan ware, 
Vnto f e pouer f ou sal it spare. 
And lat f i fast to sawl fode fall. 
And noght to fill fi purs withalL" 
For if f ou fast f i spens to spare, 
Thrise forto ett better f e ware. 
^ Of gladschip f us sais crist l\im selue, 
Spekand to his appostels twelue, f J^[J|j 
Cum ieinnatis nolite fieri 
sicut ipocrite tristes. 
He sais, *^when je saU fast, bese noght 
Als ipocrites momand in thoght, 
f ai schew f aire dedes men forto knaw, 
Bot when je fast, fan sail 30 schaw 
Meri sembland with glad chere. 
And seme als je noght fastand were." 
So sal noman wit of 30wre dede. 
And god sail gif jow heuyn to mede. 
pe thrid poynt- es mesure and houe, 
fat we sail with oure fasting proue. 
In fast we suld noght tak to here 
Of mete ne drink more fan misters, 

COTTON GALEA 



Must perished for eating on a fast-day. four kinds of discipline, 1673 

WBABING " ARMS OP SHRIPT/' BEATING ONE*S-SBLP, PILGRIMAGE^ SORROW OP FLESH. 

For dronkon mans orisiin [ooi. 2] For wlii a dronkin mans orisowne 

Wantes al right deuocion. 29077 Wantes all right deuocioune. 

fe feirth point es for to sai, pe ferth point es ])us to say, 

At ete in time of fastinday, ])ou ett in tyme on fasting day, 

For efter many stori scans, [ 

Mani man in forme dans 29081 

Perist was als f nxl in lime 

For pai held noght fastin time. no gap in the MS.] 

Man dos to fasting mikel wrang. And in fasting he dose grete wrang, 

To hald at mete setes to lang. 29085 pat vses to sit at mete ouer lang. 

% fis ferth point pat i cald wand pe thrid chastiyng fat I cald wand 

Es discipline at vnder-stand, Es discipline to vnderstand. 

And f is find we four maner, And may be set on foure manere, 

Jje first es arme scrift to here. 29089 J?e first armes of schrift to here. 

pat es in askes and in hare, Als wering of haire or ofer thing 

And wBping and vneses lair ; Sighing, wepeing, and ill liging ; 

fe toJ)er knock on brest wit hand, J)at of er point to vnderstand. 

Wit knelyng and bakbetyng a-mang ; Es kneling and beteing with wand ; 

pQ thride in pilgrimage it es ; 29094 fe thrid in pilgrimage fan es ; 

fe ferth vn-hele and pin in flexs, • pe ferth vnhele and pine of fleschs. 

In soru and site and al wa, With sorow and site and with sere wa, 

f&t job hiTn tholed, and oper ma. Als iob tholed and of er ma. 

O fis sais salamon f e wis, 29098 Al f us sais Salomon f e wise, 

** Vr lauerd betis and chastis " Oure lord betes and chastise 

All f e childir fat his sal be. All f e childer fat his sail be, 

Oft for f am smerting sendis he." And sekenes to f am sendes he, 

[ To luke if f ai in gude life lend, 

• . . . no gap in the MS.] And suffers what he will f am send.'* 

Qoar-for f e preist fat wisdom can Forf i f e preste fat wisdom can. 

Agh to seen fe, sinful man, 29106 Aw to bid f e, sinful man, 

pat he ta sli thing in sufferance, fat he take slike thing in sufrance. 

To stand him in stede penance. To stand him in stede of penance. 

For it sal vaile him ilk note 29108 [ 

In penance if he be denote. no gap in the MS.] 

O wak wel mai we sample telle Of waking we may ensawmple tell 

For crist vs bidds in gospell, 29111 How crist cumandes in his godspell, 

COTTON COTTON GALEA 



1574 ''WATOH, L158T TB VALJ4 IKTO TVOfTTAJlO^." I HAVE NOW T(Hi) JK VH 
OENBRAIi WHAT ARS TOE aATKIFA^mONS yOR CON : 8SVXRAX1 SXBPS USAQ TO m* 

[ , . Yigilato and orate ue intretUU 

no gap in the MS.] temptacioneni, c^mli) 

'* Wakes he said and prew wit-aU ^ "Wakes," he 8ai9, "wd praieswiiWl 

fat 70W thar in na fanding fall, 29113 So ^t ^ in no fandinges falla 

For yee wate nouer da; pen night, For je wate no tpub 4ny w ^V^^ 

Tur lau^rd wil cum aU hq h^ hight, When oure lord cnnis to sohewhniiaj^ 

And he to ])aim ha9 hight cojran And to pain has be hight coxoime 

pat he ai findes redi bun." 29117 fat er wakeand and redy boune." 

Crenerali nu haf i tald [ 

pe pointes pat ar for to bald • . • 

Til ilk sinful pat es bun 

For to do satisfacoiun ; 29121 

pat es beting, qt«ar-wit be max « • . . , 

Clenli wasche his plight aww, <-...%•• ^ ... . 

If he be fundenin j^am treucifM^ooLi] ....,..,«.,. 

His saghtUnes pat sal him neu, 29125 .....•«,..., 

Bot par es oper for sin certain ......•;..., 

Sett ak in sciift for certain payn, 

Wit ball kirkes oidinanoe, 29128 « , • . 

It suld man stand als for penance, no gap in the MS.] 

And agh to be, er mare or lesse, Vs aw to wake and pray hiftgll^ 

Efter pat mans sin es. 29131 Jat we fat coron may cumtyll. 

To knau quilk plight es lesse or mare, We mey se by saint austin lare» 

We mai find thoru sant austin lare, And knaw wbilfc sins er lee or maw, 

fat sais fat far es steps thrin For he says fare er steppes thrin 

fat man mai fall wit-all in sin, 29135 Whilk men faUes withal! in syn, 

Egging, liging, and consent, Als egyng, liking, and concent, 

fat f ou sal se if f ou ta tent. Als f ou may se if f ou tak tent 

f e first in thoght, f e tofer in dede, f e first in thoghtj, fat of er in dede, 

fe thrid in sin in euatum Jede, 89139 fe thrid in syn of custumbede. 

And als vr sin thre-fald es wroght, And als oure syn ea tbrefald wroght, 

Bath in worde and werk and thoght, fat es in word* in werk, in tbpght, 

Als ilkan o fir-self er sere, 2914? And ilkone by f am-self er seie, 

Sua ask f ou scrift on sere manere,. So ask f ai schrift on thrin manere, 

Wit fa circumstance to loke. In sorowing and schrift to preste, 

fat writen es forwit in f is boke. 29145 And mendes making fat folows nesta. 

COTTON COTTON GALEA 



SAT THAT PENANOB SHOULD LAST LONG, IT IS BETTER TO DO IT HEBB 1575 
AN TO BUBN FOB EYBB; BE CAREFUL LEST TOU GET INTO PURGATORT. 

ar es sum autorite, 29 H6 And ])are is sum autorite, 

lis YT pena[n]ce agh to be ])at says cure penance au to be 

3r lastand ))an vr sin - Langer lastand J^an oure syn 

e war for-wit funden in, fat we first war f unden in ; 

>r ye plight we lai in ai 29150 [ 

uth suld last vs euer-mare. 

|)at agb nan for ferli take 

endes fall for suilkln sak, no gap in the MS.] 

ua dos beui plightful dede, 29154 And he ])at dose a sinful dede, 

tuy penance has he nede. Of heuy penance has he nede. 

b es better here amend For it es better here forto mend 

^ fat clensyng fier be brend, fan in f e densyng fife be brende, 

L to man it es ful wath, 29158 Forfi to man it es grete wath, 

to fe preist him serines bath ; And vnto preste fat schriues bath ; 

Q his bok sant austin sais, For in his boke saint austyn sais, 

: fe preist fat penance lais fat if f e prest fat penance layes 

)ght all wise in on-lainge, 29162 Be vnwise in his gifing, 

iful als in his taking, Or els f e synful in his telling, 

1 eif er for fair f oly Af er of f am for f aire foly 

in f e fier of purgatori, Sail brin in fire of purgatory, 

montenance o fat plight, 29166 And mak amendes fare for fe phght, 

Ebr fat sin was here to right. fat f am aw here to do right. 

f ter-ward fat herd threst, [ 

li be borun in to rest, 29169 no gap in the MS,] 

3 bot if o-f er wai, [coi. 2] Bot if be so fat f ai may 

aunte f am grace to win awai, Get of er grace of god verray, 

loru fceind liuand Als for gude dedes of frendes lifand 

ringes of sli men o band, 29173 fat bringes sawles of sif es fro band, 

ind, almus, praier, and messe, Ofrandes, almus, penance, mes, 

ali thing mas penance lesse. Ai slike mase f aire penance les. 

penance sett for vr sake 29176 fus es penance set for oure sake 

3r a reule f is sal.f ou take, By right re wlfis may we take, P if 72, ooi. ij 

)r spusbreking and manath, ^For spows breking and for mani ath, 

alkin dedli sin and lath, 29179 And al dedly sins fat es god lath, 

1 rede of rightwis penancer By rede of rightwis penancere 

il haue scrifte of seuen yere. Men sal haue penance seuyn ^ere. 

COTTON COTTON GALEA 



1576 Miriam's penanob of seven days betokens seven tears' pbnanok, bt 

WHICH we mat recover THE SEVEN GRACES OF OUR BAPTISM AND THE SEVEN 

And ])at es of an samplement 29182 ]>at es vs by ensamnple set 

Vttan of fe aid testament ; Of Je aid law withowten lett ; 

pax was a woman hight mari, fax was a woman ])at Idght Marie, 

fat sum time wat wit menselri, And was smetyn with meseliy, 

fat sister was til aaron, 29186 And sister sclio was vnto aaron, 

Vr lauerd badd sco suld be don Oure lord cumand scbo snld be done 

Vte of fe tune, fe bibul sais, Out of fe oete, pe bibill says, 

Til terme war gan o seuen dais ; • Till pe tyme war passed of seuyn dais ; 

And quen fas. seuen dais war gan And when fe seuyn dais war gane 

Haly SCO suld again be tan. 29191 Hale scho suld ogayn be tane. 

pis seke woman i for-wit said, pis seke woman pat I of said, 

Be-takens man wit sin ouarlaid, Bitakens man pat sin vmlayd, 

[ For pe fowl syn of meselri, 

no gap in the MSJ] Es likend to fowle sin and dedly, 

For ilkan o paa dais sere, 29196 And for ilkane of pa dayes sere, 

Sal we nu vnder-take a jere. Sail we vnderstand a ^ere. 

And alsua als pat we for-do And right als we with sin fordo 

pe seuen g?'aces es giuen vs to, 29199 Seuyn giftes of grace pat er gifen vs to, 

In funt stane wen we crisme tak. When we at the funt oure crisxim take, 

pat sipen wit sinnes we for-sake. And sepin with syn we pam forsake, 

Alsua thoru serif t o pis seuen 29202 Right so with schrift of 3eres seuyn 

Sal we gain couer pe grace til beuen. Sail we recouer pe grace of heuyn. 

pe gift wijt of vnder-standing, [ 

consail, strenght, o gode dreding, 

conand-scipe, and o pite, — 29206 

peir ar pe seuen giftes fre . . • 

pat crist vs giues aUe wit to lede, . . ' 

Til we pam tine wit vr misdede. 

Wit-vten ani couering again, 29210 

Wit sothfastnes vr sin aslain, 

Sothfast, scrifte, and repentance, 

And sin to bete wit right penance. 

Repentance pou mai bij sa sare, ..'..... 

pat es na nede o penance mare, 29215 

Als was in mari magdalein, . 

pat reuth had all hire sinnes slain. no gap in the M&] 

COTTON COTTON GALEA 



GIFTS OF CHRIST. REPENTANCE MIGHT AVAIL, BUT PENANCE IS SURER. 1577 

THERE ARE SIX SINS WHICH CAN ONLY BE ABSOLVED BT THE POPE. 

is ne tides noght til aU P~^["}i^^» [ 

lan it seis bot selden fall, 29219 

uen fat crist his merci will 

1 special sceu sum man till. no gap in tJie MS,^ 

L to weind fe seker wai Forfi to wend fe seker way, 

J we be in penance ai, 29223 It es gude we do penance ay, 

lies we baue vs wit noght to were Els haue we noght ws with to were 

re fat rightwis demestere. Bifor criste fat rightwis demere. 

. Penance, prayer, and almus dede, 

• , . no gap in the MS,^ far er none els to help in nede, 

b be helpe of here praier 29228 Bot mari vs help with hir prayere, 

ten on cries in fair mister, fat all on cries in f aire mistere ; 

loru hire praier witerli, For thurgh hir praier weterly, 

bhoru hire suete sun merci, And thurgh hir dere son mercy, 

clenli be knaun vr plight, 29232 If we will kindly knaw cure plight, 

mendes do efter vr might, And mendes mak with all cure might, 

bousel tan at vr ending, And howsill haue at cure ending, 

eJ vs help to blis bring. fan vnto blis f ai wiU vs bring, 

fat vr lauerd gif sua to be. And fat cure lord len so to be, 

lUe amen ! parcharite ! 29237 Sais all amen ! pz^r charite ! 

Of Absolution by the Pope,] De sex OBJBihus pape resematiff 

I ex cases we find es in f am tan, ^ex cases fare er out tane, [coL 2] 

' Mai nan araoU. bot pape allan, k3 fat none assoyles bot pape aUane, 

an he gise til his pouste ; Or f ai fat he gifes his powste ; 

f aa men fan es he 29241 f e first of fa men fan es he j 
)r briwyng es cursed and kide, fat for cursed es knawin and kyd, 
aly kirkes lagh will bide. Als law of haly kirk will bid. 

i&r es fat on clerkes lais hand, fat of er fat on clerk lais hand, ij 

ildes in przsun or in band, 29245 Or haldes in preson or in band, 

P f e clerk ha don sli plight Bot if fat he haue done slike plight 

e ha tint his state wit right, fat he haue lost his state thurgh right. 

9U sal find in stede sumquare, [ 

1 f is bok seis for-f er mare. 29249 no gap in the MS.] 

hnde fat brekes kirkes grith, f e thrid es fat brekes kirkes grith, iij 

3S denunced cursd far- wit, And es denounced for cursed f ar-with, 

COTTON COTTON GALBA 



1678 FOB WITCn-ORAFT, COMMUNION 
ABSOLUTION MUST BE GIVEN BY THE 



WITH THE OUBSED, ANB FALBS BUIU^ 
POPE. FIFTEEN SINS INOUB OUBSIHa 



[ 

no gap in the MSi\ 

Je ferth es crisis enemy, 29254 

fat wiche-craft or soceri 

Dos wit ani halud thing, 

And sua for-dos pair cristnyng, 

Or fals trouth to mak, or treu 29258 

In o]76r godd ])an in ie^u. 

]»e fifte mai noglit ])is cursing scape, 

^ai comuns wit him ])at ])e papa 

Cursd has at his witand, 29262 

Or til his plight es oght heldand. 

])e sexte case es of fals buUers 

Bath ]7at ])am makes and \ai ]?am wers. 

[ • ■ • 



no gap in the JkTS.] 



[Of the Fifteen points of Cursing,] 

U !N'u sal j ])is cases rede 29268 

Quen man es cursd o fe dede, 
fat man mai wijt qiiat to for-bere [coi. 2] 
He mai him wit pis cursing were. 

[ 

no gap in the MS."] 

IT On fam pis cursing stede first takes, 
pat sustens or pam-selfen makes 29275 
Fals trout gain cristen state. 
Or suilk til heildes pat he wate. 
H pe toper er pat wil noght buu 
To hali kirke o rome, ne tru 29279 
pat crist it has in erth leued 
cristen-dome for cheif and heued. 
H pe thride qua smites preist or clerk 
Or ani berand cristes merk, 29283 
Als munk, or frer, nun, or chanuw. 
Or ani man of religion, 

COTTON 



Him to asoyl power has nane. 

Of swilk plight bot pape allane. 

pe firth, es cristes fol enmy JT 

pat Yses witchecraft or soiceiy. 

Or Yses swilk note with, halowde things 

And swa fordose paire cristenyn^ 

Or makes any trowth Tntrew 

In oper god pan in iheao. 

pe fift poynt es pis to ken, t 

Of pam pat comuns with, cursed men. 

If pal be cursed at paire witand, 

Or pai to pe cursing assentand* 

pe sext case es af fals bullers TJ 

Both pat pam makes and pat pam beiei^ 

Of pe pape bus pir assoyled be^ 

Or of pam pat has his pouste. 

Of pe fiftene pointes of cursing. 

Now forto tell here next es hede 
When men er cursed and for what 
pat men mayswilk dedes forbore i^^^ 
And so out of cursing pam were ; 
And fiftene pointes pare er to schew, 
Als I sail rekin pam on^ raw. [iiis.hMor] 
First on pam pis cursing takes, j 
pat sustenes or paire seluyn makes 
Fals trowth ogains cristen state, 
Or helpis pato if pai wate. 
pat oper es he pat will noght bow ij 
To pe pape of rome no to him trow, 
pat crist has here in irthe leuyd 
pe hele of cristendom and heuyd. 
pe thrid who smytes prest or clerk iiy 
Or any pat beres cristes merk, 

[ 



. no gap in the M&-] 

COTTON QALBA 



II^EG^ ILL JmSDQ IK A GHUROH, HELP TO JEW OB SARACEN, TALSIFTIKa 1579 
POFEQ* 317LI4 AND 8BAL^ WITCH-CRAFT, 8IM0NT, AND USURY, ALL ARE CURSED. 



he is ouTsd, it gers do 29286 
de or consail gis ^ar-to ; 
1 cas fat i sal rede 
iojypev mar qum i se nede. 
ferth case strenthes aght 29290 
e fra liali kiik lias lag^ 
he p9i'foT es monest thrise, 
ao^er yeild ])e thing ne prise. 

• • . no gap in ihe MS,"] 
fif te es man fat kirkes brinnes 
^lili ya-m wit sinnes, 29297 
>Tekand rode, or auter stane, 
osel reft, or man slain, 
li o]>er cursed dede, 
irke has eft of haluyng nede. 
sext es ]}aa men ])at renis, 29302 
lelpand es to sarazines 
cristen men in ani thing 
wfor on-laid es sli cursing, 
seuent es o fals bullers 29306 
oas ])am or wit wrenkes wers, 
qua ])ai euer hasp2«*chad taim 
mance bring ])am to reolaym. 
aghtand has ])i8 cursing laght 
aa \a\, dos wiche-crafte, 29311 
namli als wit halud thing 
a wit husel or wit crisumyng. 
neent case o j^is cursing ix 

selles or bies o gastli thing, 293 15 
lan agh noj^er to sell ne bij, 
dlk sin es cald symony. 
tent es of ^is okerers 
penli dose sli misters ; 29319 

. . . no gap in the MSJ\ 

COTTON 



Both er ])ai cursed ])at it do, 
And ])ai ])at kounsail gifes ]>ar-to ; 
Bot if it be in cases of nede ^^^^^^ 
Whilk fat I sail efter rede. 
pe firth es who so hath laght iiij 
Tro haly kirk any kins aght, 
And es ])arfore amonest thnse, 
And nowfir bringes it no J?e prise ; 
Ke makes no mendes bygudegownsayl, 
Thurgh scrift J)at may him mekill avail. 
pe fift es of men ]?at kirkes brins y 
Or wikkedly within it syns, 
Als brekand rode or auter stane, 
Or howsill reft or els manslane, 
Or done parin any synful dede, 
Wharfore it has of halowing nede. 
pe sext poynt on fa men rins, yj 

fat helpes till iews or sarzins 
Ogayns any cristen men 
If fat f ai f aire lifing ken. 
pe seuynd es of fals buUeres vij 

fat f am makes and f am furth beres, 
Or els fat falses f e papes sele, 
Or witandly with slike will dele. 
f e aght case falles all fa in viij 

fat any witchecraft gers bigyn. 
And namely with any halowd thing 
Als with howsill or with crisyming. 
f e nighend case on all fa lies ix 

fat gastly gudes selles or byes, 
Whilk haly kirk es harmed by, 
And f is syn es namyd symony. 
pe tend case es of okirrers x 

fat opynly vses slike misters, 
fat leues f e les to tak f e mare, 
Owf er of siluer or of chaffare. 

COTTON GALEA 



1580 WITHHOLDING OP TITHES, OPPOSITION TO HOLT OHUBOH, OOMHUNION WITtt 
THB CURSED, OPPRESSION OF THE POOR, SUICIDE, ALL THESE ARE TO BE CUBBED. 



^pQ elleuend es qua wit haldes tende. 
For fat man es noght cristes frende. 

[ 

no gap in the MS!\ 

])e tuelfed es all ]7aa pai wirkes 29326 

Laus gain right of hali kirkes, ^{ \?' 

Or lias fam o)?er writen or spoken. 

Thing fat has fair franchis broken. 

fe case thrittend al-weis vs ken 29330 

To comuw noght wit cursed men, 

For qua communs wit cursd man, 

fat was noght ar es cursd fan. 

In hailsing and in cristes pes, 29334 

In kirk in man saukin and des, 

Agh f u, cursd man, for-bere 

If f u fra cursing wil f e were. 

f e fiftend case als raymund says 29338 

Er f aa fat pouermen ouer-lais. 

And herijs fam, and reuers kide. 

And okerers fra f ai be vn-hide. 

Womman commun and alsua scald, 

Alle ar suilk for cursd tald, 29343 

For far mister es ful of sake, 

fat kirk will noght fair tendes take. 

Amang fir cases es teld for an 

He fat in torneament es slayn, 29347 

For-f i fat he slas him-seluen 

In kyrk-yarde aght naman him deluew. 

For be he neuer sa repentand 

f of him be scrift and husel grantand. 

fis case alsua ar faa men in 29352 

fat ligges in open dede-li sin, 

For quick and ded fra sacrament, 

fai sal be put bot f ai repent. 29355 



pe elleuynd poynt opon fam lendes, zj 
fat witandly with-haldes tendes, 
Or falsly tendes by night or day, 
For goddes &endes ne er noght f aL 
pe twelft case er fai fat witk zij 
Ogayns f e law of haly kirk, 
Or if fai owf er haue done or spokin, 
Thing fat f e fredom has brokin. 
pe thritend case fat will.ys ken xiij 
To comun with no cursed men, . . . 
For he fat comuTzs with cursed man, 
And knawes f areof, es cursed fan, 

[ 

no gap in the M8.'\ 

Bot it fall omang cases elleuyn 
Whilk I sail sone efter neuyn* 
^f e f ourtend point als Baymond sais xiiy 
£r fai fat pouer men ouerlays, pooLU 
Or robbes or reues on ani side, 
Whare pese and quiet suld bityde. 
Comuw bores and comun scalde, 
AI fir er for cursed talde. 

[ 



no gap in the MIS,^ 

f e fiftend case es fis allane, xv 

He fat in tumament es tane, 
For he in fat tyme slas him-selue 
In kirk-garth sail men noght himdelue, 
Ne none fat dies in swilk a chance, 
Haue he neuer so grete repentance. 
And fis same case er fa men in, 
fat ligges in opin dedly syn, 
Both body and sawl all fir bese schent, 
Bot fai in fis life fam repent. 



COTTON 



COTTON GALEA 



'HO ASSAULTS A CLERK MUST BE ASSOILED BT THE POPE, AS I SAID 1581 
BBFOBE, BUT THERE ARE CERTAIN EXCEPTIONS TO THIS LAW. 



[Of Absolution by a priest,] 

le for-wit ]>at alle ]>aa 29356 

band on clerk be-houis ga 
> pape or his legate, 
illed be and haue ))air state, 
>ar es vtan cases aght, 29360 
pouste es til o})er taght. 
quen. man es in wath o ded, . 
reist })an mai him rede, 
jcrift and soile wit sli couenand, 
uen he lesid es o band 29365 
iiith as he mai seson se, 
wend to rome at soilled be. 
jer of dorward or porter, 29368 
lastis wrang wit J^air mister, 
lerk wit. laiser smites oght, [coi. «] 
lati or ded fai forwit wroght, 
le ne hurt him cure sare 29372 
iscop mai asoille him ]>are. 
thiid es men religius, 
as ]>air ouer man in hus, 
. hurt ani o ])am a-mang 29376 
pe harme be noght ouer Strang, 
m jtat has ])am for to yeme 
oill ])am and J^air mendes deme. 
Perth womman and man vn-fere, 
3hild wit-in fourtene jere. 29381 



. . • wo gap in the MS.] 
if te pat sles his fo be strete 
ite of ded war wit to mete. 29387 

COTTON 



When prest mai a4[»soil viij cases er 

wretin 
]>am ])at prest or clerk has sinitten 

I tald bifore how J'at all })a 
J)at smites preste or clerk bus ga 
Vnto fe pape or his lagate. 
To be assoyled and haue faire state, 
Bot fare er outane cases aght. 
When power es till oJ?er taght. 
pe first point es in perill of ded, j 
fan may ilk preste assoyl and rede. 
And clens his sawl on jtia couenand, 
fat if he may couer of fat band 
Als.sone als he may seson se, 
Vnto f e pape fan wend sail he. 
pat of er es of vsscher or portere, y 
In vsyng of f aire awin mistere. 
If f ai smite owf er prest or clerk. 
And haue no hatred in fat werk, 
If fat he hurt f am noght oner sare 
His awin preste may assoyl him fare. 
pe thrid er men religyows, iij 

fat has f aire ouerman in f aire hows, 
If any of f am hurt of er omang 
And f e harm be noght ouer Strang, 
f e man fat has f am forto 3eme 
He may f am both assoyl and deme. 
pe f erth es of seke folk and vnf ere, iiij 
And of childer within seuyn jere. 
If f ai ger prestes or clerkes blede, 
Prest may assoyl f am of fat dede ; 
And also fat es done in play, 
A simple prest assoyl it may. ^^Jy^^* 
ipe fift point es of him fat slase v 
Preste or clerk fat er his fase, 

COTTON GALEA 



1582 sxcEPTiOKs 6, 7, and 8 to the fopb's sxclubivb abbolutiok. (muf 

OASES IN WHICH IF YOU STRIKE A OLERK, TOU SHALL NOT BE DXOOXMUNIGAIB); 

IT ))e sext es thrale on ani wise 29388 In his defens if ]>at it be, 

Dos for to sle his lou^rd s^niise. And may none o])erwise ]>am fle. 

IT Of him es sett })e seuend case ]>is ]>an es \>e sext case, yj 

pat clerk dos hot a litel trespase. 29391 Of him ])at dose a light ttispasd 

[ • . . To prest or clerk vnwitandly, 

no gap in the MS.] Him thar noght go to pape forjn* 

jte aghtand es quen man es pouer, ]>e seuynd es if a man be pouer, vij 

Bot ]>ar es couenand if he couer, Or in sekenes and noght couer, 

He sal do bome^ jtiv last fiue, 29396 And als in last end of mans line, 

Mai biscop soill bath man and wiue. May sympil prest assoyl and schriue. 

IT Lagh will fou maw clerk smite, gJJJ^^JJ" [ 

In J)ir cases sal ha na wite. J^Iii" uJT • • • • • *w ff^P *^ ^^ ^>^] 

IT ])e first if jfon be his maister o lare pe aght es a maister of laie vm 

Bot bete ]>ou him noght oner sare. May bete a clerk bot noght on^ saze^ 

[ • . . . . And ]>at it be for chastiing 

no gap in the MS.] Anely, and for none ofer thing, 

For in alkin thing o dede 29404 For in all maner of dede, 

Aght man mesure wit him lede. Aw man mesure with him to lede. 

Als if he in renaijng l\js, ^ [...*....»•. 

Eft^r fat he es monest thris, 

Or armes beres fra fat he 29408 

Thris of his biscop monest be. . 

And qwen he chaunges cmn or wede, 

And funden in land mans dede, ........<».. 

And sua his aun lagh for-sakes 29412 ««•«.•« 

Makand him knyth or widu takes. 

Or if Jjou lauerd has, mai fall, 

Clerk fat es geten of fi thrall, 

fou mai bete if he als theue 29416 . * . . 

His orders stele wit-vte J?i leue ; 

And if clerkes be wonand samen, .,...#. 

Smites ofer lightli in gamen ; ..... wo gap in the MS.] 

And if fou wit fi woman frend 29420 And also if f ou with J?i frende 

Find clerk be doand dede vn-hende, Find clerk doand dedes vnhende, 

Als moder, doghter, sister, or wijf. With moder, doghter,.syster, or wyue 

For quas honur fou aght to strijf. For whas luf fe aw to striue, 

COTTON COTTOIf GALEA 

1} ? read baine or boune] 



D THESB T017 MUST NOT BE TOO BOLD. OASES IN WHIOH TOU 1583 
COMMUNE WITH A OUBSSD PERSON, AS SERVANT; HUSBAND, OR FATHER. 

ndclerkj)iis-gateandsmite,gj^j^ In swilk a case if fou him smite, 

it gis him-seluen ]>e wite. Canon gifes him-self ]>e wite. 

r-]>er mar ^an i ha tald 29426 Bote all if I ]>ir cases haue talde 

])0U noght at smite to bald, Be ]>ou noght to strike oner balde, 

sun if J)ou wers fe, Bot if Jjou in slike auenture be, 

fou na noJ)er wai mai fle, fat fou nane oJ)er wise may fle, 

if J)ou fin vn-witand 29430 Or vnwitand or in playing, 

lid, mai fall^ on clerk fi hand. fi preste may assoil of all ]>is thing. 

When fon es noght cursed fan 

Communion with the cursed.'] jf comun with cursed man. 

I tald on serekin sin 29432 TTere haue I rekkind of sere thing 

t man falls cursing in, J. JL fat men falles fore in cursing, 

)re nexst i sal f e neuen farfore here next now will I neuyn. 

cases we find elleuen. 29435 Of cases fat I find elleuyn. 

u wit cursd man commun In whilk cases none er cursed fan 

1 be soyned wit resun. If f ai comun with cursed man. 

irst es, if f cm noght it wate, pe first case es, if f ou noght wate, j 

.t man es in cursed state. 29439 fat he es in cursed state, 

f ou may with him comura in dede, 

Bot f e wers may f i wirking spede. 

fat of er es in f eld or toun ij 

. . no gap in the M8.] With f i carl may f ou comoun, 

of er es woman, carl o feild, And also childer within elde, 

child fat es wit-in eild. i>MS.emd] Of cursed man may haue faire belde. 

hrid es case o spused wife 29446 pe thrid case es a sposed wife, iij 

bunden es hir life, With cursed husband may lede hir life, 

f f i fader cursed be f e firth if f i wife cursed be, [coi. s] iiij 

in fat es in his pouste, fat cursing sail noght cum to f e, 

kt his fode and chastijng 29450 If scho f e serue in al thing, 

vtan f is cursing. fat falles vntill order of weding. 

. f e fift if f e fader in cursyng ly, v 

, , f e sun may dweU in cumpany, 

And serue his fader als falles f arto 

. • no gap in the MS,] And right so may his doghter do. 

ifte queu fader has no gode, f e sext if f e fader haue nede of fode, yj 

)i his cursd sun has fode. 29457 Of his cursed sun he may tak gude, 

COTTON COTTON GALEA 



1584 YOU MAT COMMUNE WITH TOUR CURSED WIFE, OR SERVING MEN, ASK fOOD^ 
OR DEBTS, FROM, OR GIVE COUNSEL TO, THE CURSED. GREATER AND LESSER OUBffiira. 

!1 fe sext fof fi wijf cured be, 29458 And dwell with him in cumpany, 

See sal noght tine hir dett o fe, And be no thing cursed for])L 

In sustenance and o^er thing, [ 

jtai es o dett aght o spusing. ..... no gap in the M8.] 

IT fe seuend es als men of hine 29462 pe seuynd es if ]>ou halie bine yij 

fat befor fis cursing es tine. And er bifor fat cursing fine, 

J)ai mai pe serue al for fair lai, f ai may fe seme to terme day, 

Bi-tuixand to fe tenne dai. Whefer so be cursed or fai 

IT fe aghtand es o man walkand 29466 fe agtend es of man walkand viij 

Als pilgrim thoru a cursd land, Als pilgrim thurgh a cursed land, 

He mai ta fer, wit-vten sin, He may tak fare, withowten syn, 

His fode to-quiles he duelles fer-in. His fode ay whils he dwelles farin. 

IF fe neuent es for f iw aun pruw 29470 pe nighend es for fine awin prow ix 

To cursd man mai f u be buu, With cursed man comun may fou^ 

Askand f e dett he agh f e to Askand if he aw f e dett 

Bot als he dos lok f ou noght do. And him to pay sal f ou noght let 

IT f e tend quen. f ou him gis consaill pe tende if f ou him gif cownsaill x 

In thing fat mai his saul a-uaill. Of thing fat may his sawl avail. 

And f ou fan mai ask f i dett 29476 Or wis him with fi wordes at win . 

To pai him his es na man sett. Smertlyer out of his syn 

IT f e elleuend es wit right resun [coi. 2] f e elleuynd es by f is resoune. . xi 

Falaus duelland in a commuw, 29479 Felaws fat dwelles in a comoune, . 

fat f ai commuw bath euen and moruw f ai may comuw both euyn and mom 

In thing fat mai noght be for-bom. In thinges fat may noght be forbom. 

[Curslng.l 

IT And wit f ou cursing thre-fald es, In cursing all men may f am tell 

f e tan es mare, f e tof er lesse, duptex ex- fat lang in dedly sin will dwell, 

f e tan o dome, f e tof er o dede, nicacioj ^]i if jj^i be in comun here, 

Als man mai in f e raymuwd rede. f aire sawles er fra god al sere, 

IT f e first cursing fat cummus o dome. And cursing may. ba cald fat syn . 

Eeuis man godd and has in comuwe fat makes man sawl fro god to twin 

Of hali kirk and sacrementes, 29488 [ • , . . 

His part es done him in defens, 

And mast es in f is cursing bunden 

fat in vnbuxu??ines es funden. 29491 no gap in the MS.] 

COTTON COTTON GALEA 



[EIT ABB UNDBR THE LESSER OURSB WHO LIE IN DEADLY SDK, THEBB 1585 
?HBBB WAYS OF OURSIKG, ILL-BBGULATED OR UNJUST OURSING IS UNLAWFUL. 

■jopei ctLTsing all men es in 29492 [•••* •• 

ggand es in dedli sin j 

of ]>ai be in comura here, • . . 

pist fair sauls sundre sere, no gap in the M8.] 

3ur8d man has na pouste 29496 A cursed man has no pooste 

ini right to curs pe. By right reson to curs fe. 

are has he, wit-vten dute, Namore has he, withowten dout, 

lam J)ou es noght vnder-lute. To wham J)ou es noght vnderlout. 

md if ])ou did a sin 29500 Bot if ])ou do a dedly syn 

sr preistes paroch in, With ano])er preste parischin, 

reist thoru resun o J)i plight J)at preste by reson of plight 

urs ))e ])an, for fat es right. May curs ]>e, and ]>at es right, 

3ist })e mai noght curs alsua, And to him })at curses, by resowne, 

pat pon has cald him fra. 29505 Falles ]>e absolucione. 

d J)ou sal wijt o thrijn-wys Thre maners may men se in sight PJ^'j^*^» 

lursing be tald on right wijs,^ "When cursing es noght tald for right 

|>is thre wordes mai ]>ai scan. And })ir thre wordes may it schaw, 

and chesun, and vn-lau ; 29509 Will, encheson, and vnlaw ; 

quen man wit iuel mode, Als J)us when a preste for ill will, 

ed in and wit wrething wode, Or hatred yn ]>at he has pe till, 

is sentence on anz man Gifes his centens on any man 

sun es it vn-rightwis tan, 29513 It may be tald for vnright fan, 

man has no])er don ne said. When man has now]>er done ne sayd, 

•for sli cursing suld be laid. Wharfore slike centens suld be layd. 

cursing tald vn-laghful es And fat cursyng vnlawful es 

rdir wantes and right-settnes fat wantes vnder all rightwisnes, 

ti, bot giue/i it es ouer-tite, 29518 fe whilk es gifen out ouer tyte, 

'ten somons and right respite, With-owten ani right respite, 

i es fele rebuted here For so er many reuyled here 

)rwit crist self es dere. fat with god sail be halden dere. 

man laused here o band 29522 And mani here er lesed of band 

unden es wit cristen hand. fat bunden er with cristes hand. 

is kirk we be-for us se pf les, ooi. i] [ • 

ifb sith be-suiken be, • . • • • 

at kirk fat o soth es far • 

)eHsaiiken be neuar mare. 29527 no gap in the MS^ 

COTTON COTTON QALBA 

]} Side«note here partly Ul^Me;'— qtiot . . MnfMda . • .] 



1686 I HAVE TOLD THESE POINTS OP CURSING THAT TOU MAT EASILY UNDERSTAHD 
THEM AND BEWABB, FOB CURSING SENDS A MAN TO HELL, IT PABTS BODT AND SOUL 

J)ir pointes of cursing haf i 8aid,29528 pe pointes of cursing Jjus er said, 

And soth and soortly samen laid, Als f ai er by J)e pape puruayd, 

And J)aT-for sett in titles sere fat ilka man with fan be war 

fat fou mai ligbtloker Jam here^ Or fe fowl fende him forfar, 

At J)(?u be laght in findes snarr. 29532 For cursing es f e fendes lyne 

Gain cursing gode all es be-warr, fat harles a man to hell pine. 

And if f ou wat f ou ert fair-in parfore if f ou be gilty farin, 

His soilling seke wit-vten blin, To sehriue f e sone for nathing blin, 

suilk a man at soilled be 29536 And of a prest assoylid be 

fe quilk f ou wost fat has pouste. fat power has to vnbind }>e, 

[ fat es he fat it first furth sent, 

Als dene or officiall by iugement, 

Or he fat poplist it furth neste^ 

no gap in the MS,"] Als person, vicare, or parisch preste, 

For als f e suerd fat deles in tuin Right als a swerde partes in twin 

Saul and bodi fat it es in, 29543 Sawl and body fat it cumes in. 

Sua dos cursing f e saul i-wise So cursing partes f e sawl ful euyn, 

Fra him fat wroght fe king o blise, Fro him Jat wroght it god of heuyn, 

And steres his cristendame fro 29546 It takes his cristendom biTD fra, 

And liuers him to f e find his foo. And liners him to fendes his fa ; 

Explicit ^ It takes him fro f e cumpany 

[ Of halows vnto his enmy, 

And fro all bedes of haly kirk, 

And puttes vnto morni[n]g myrk. 

Fro fat mirknes he fend vs ay, 

fat for vs died on gude friday, 

And till his clarete he vs ken, 

• . . Thurgh prayers of his moder ; Amen 

no gap in the M8.^ AMEN" 



[From- p. 1470 to the end the figuring of the lines is uneven, i. e, the odd figure oomt 
to tite second line of each couplety instead of to the first. No line is missed^ the figurt 
are throivn out because the " Song of the Five Joys " on p. 1468 consists of ^ lines.'] 



COTTON 



COTTON GALEA 



1587 



APPENDIX L 



M8. IN THE LIBRAEY OF THE COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS, 

EDINBURGH. 

In the numbering of the lines the heavy-black figures indicate that lines which occur 
in the text are omitted here, as shown by the neighbouring figures. 



-^In keuin on heie fan sale I scawe, 

And signisduneonerfelawe." Sfffl* ^J^* 

He tald J)aim mani takins sere,^ 18991 

]>at es na nede alle rekin here. 

" Mi brej)ir," he saide, " ful wel mai I 

Of J)e prophete gin telle, daui, 18994 

He wiste ]>at gode til him hauid suom 

))at ane suld of his sede be borne 

To site in setlis })at was his ; 

Bot be ]>at 8£^ on ferrum ]>is 

Of bis uprise he said, * in belle 18999 

Na suld no3t criste be lefte to duel, 

Na nemr of rote bis fleis baue si3te, 

Bot raisid es be wij) strenfe of dn3te.* 

Fra dede to line nu risin es be, 19003 

And Jjarof witnes al ar we, 

Baisid sua ynp godis mi3te, 

And siktrid of bis fad/ris bi3te. 

Of bali gaste pe giftis sere 19007 

Giuin us bauis be als gie se here. 

Til beuin be steicb, fat was wel sen ; 

And I saie to giu folc bine, 

pia ihesn is mi lauerd dW3te, 19011 

Gie dide on rode wifoutiw r^te." 

J)is wordis [herd], fair bertis gan tt^rne, 

Alsua for f aire misdedis mume^ 

BDINBURGH 



To Fetir and fa apostlis to 19015 
J)ai saide, "god mew, qiiat sal we do?" 
" Bot dos penance a.nd baptize giu 
In f e name of ure ibe^u, 
Giu sal forgiuin be giur sak, 19019 
j)e gifte of bali gaste to take ; 
For qui to giu ande to giur sede, 
J)e bamis fat of giu sal b7*ede, 
J5e med es of alle and alle, 19023 

And far fat cr/ste til bi?^^ wil calle, 
Bot for giur bote I giu forbcde 
To letin at fis wickid lede." 
Petir painid him ful gieme 19027 
In cnstis lai fat folc to lerne ; 
^Ande f ai fat toke bis worde til herte, 
Jjair sawlis tumid into querte ; P if 87, coi. t} 
For fare was fat ilke dai in liuis 
iii bunderit baptist men &nd wiuis, 
]?at desseli bafe late ande are 19033 
War tendant to fa apostlis lare. 
And of fair brede ete wif f aim fare, 
J)ai fate bauid no3te ellis quare. 
\)ai fat bauid buse or ani kin a^te 
J)ai saldin, ande f e prise f ai la3te 
Bif ore f apostlis ilke dai,* [♦»/o] 19039 
])ar of to don qt^at taim god f 03te. 

EDINBURGH 



{* The mark of coutracUon used in this MS. for er and ir is the samej 



1588 ' THB APOSTLES PERFORM MIBAOLBS, AND PREACH TO THE HEATHS^ 

CALLING ON THEM TO REPENT. 



Arii ])A posUis ilke dai 19041 

Wente to fe tempil for to praie, 
At })air gain come })e mete ]>ai gaue, 
Ukane als tai saj misttV haue. 
Pet^'rand lohane a dai at none 19045 
Wente to kirke to mac pair bone, 
Biside pe wai pare sa^ ))ai lie, 
A man was cnplid in parlesie, 19048 
And hauid ben mast al his fordais, 
Alse pe stori tellis saise ; 
like dai man l^id^^V bim bare 
For to bid bis almus J)are. 19052 

Petir ande loban Jjai bi bim giode, 
Ande be ])aim bad bim giue «um gode, 
' Ande petzr ande ioban ansuerd bim pan 
" Bibalde on us," J)ai saide, "fu man," 
])ai saide, '^ bibalde on ns and se 
And understawde ure pouirte, 19058 
Als qua sai, pn sal se ure wane, 
For gifitis baue we to pe nane. 
He J?aim bibelde bot wel wend be 
Jjai sulde bim sum cbarite. 19062 

Petir saide til bim on ane, 
" Grolde na siluiV baue I nane." 
For qui it was no3te PetiVi's a3te 
J)at opir men bauid bim bita3te 19066 
For to kepe unto fair node, P '«J^f ^'jj'^*^*"* 
1 And for to fa pouer men to fede, 
)5ate for fat f inge fair godis saide 
Bifore fa apostlis fet up giald. 19070 
" Jjat i mai giue," be saide, " I sal 
I wate f u nede bauid to be bale, 
In ihesu nazarenis name 19073 

Eise up," be saide, " and gauge, f ulame." 
His bande be bim ra^te and up be ras. 
And to f e tempil be sped bis pas, 

EDINBURGH 



])ate mojte nojte forwif stnde a step,, 
LouaTid ur lauerd pan be lepe ; 19078 
pe propbecie was filde sua, 
])at saide fat balte suld scop als la. 
])is folc que/2 f ai f is man bauid sen, 
])ai woTiderit on bim al bidene, 19083 ] 
])a fat forwif bauid lamwin bim^ 
FoTwondmt sum f ai fel in suime. 
Pet^r fan bigan to mele 
Gie folc be said of iroel, 19086 

" Qwi wondir gie sua wif unrijte . 
Als f 03 f is war don wif ur mi^t 1 
Bot mi^ti god wif outin mak*. 
Of abrabam, of ysaac, 19090 

And of ure elderis fat bauis ben aa, 
His sone fat bauis be bHscid sua; 
Gie suak* a.nd nit bifore pilate, 
And'demid als ge sehun wate, 19094 
pe oncalle of bis ball nam, 
Hauis lente bis bele unto f is lam 
Wif f e trouf e fat fel f arto, 
For it mai seluf e mikil do. 
Bot mi brefir, ic understande 19099 
J)at gie it dide giur unwitand, 
Kepentis giu, ande be on knawin 
To saue giur sauwil ilkan giur awi«, 
gain tbe grete comun assise 19103 
Quare alle sal come bifore iustise. 
Giur sin awai, fat gie mai rise 
Wif fat partie fat es ri3twise. 
For clene forgiuenes of plijte, 19107 
2j5an bes for sof e quen fui^ fe nijte 
Of rising of fe laste dai, pieafs7,bk,coi.«] 
pe lastand dede sal worf e awai ; 
Bi bibis fader site be sale, 
Til be restorid baue us alle, 19112 

EDINBURGH 



OSTLES ABE IMPRISONED, BUT MANT PEOPLE ABE BAPTIZED. THE 1589 
}TLSS PBEAOHINQ ANOTHEB DAT ABE BID BY THE HASTEBS TO STOP. 



spac firste of prophecies 19113 
) time ])at al sulde rise." 
tlis spekande this B,nd mare, 
Dis come in ])at siquare, 
)il maisteris wij) ]>aim bone, 
;vare of a comune. 19118 

talking ]>aim teind sare, 
tis," said fai, " fat gie dare 
loueworde of him to sai, 
dide deme ]>is endir dai ) " 
ceis, — namlic fat lede, 19123 
nisiwg walde neli wede, 
e walde neuer giate forjjinge 
be ani uprisinge, — 19126 
tlis dide fai be takin sone 
I fai ware in pnsune done, 
i fai man sulde faim gieme, 
> it was faim fanne to deme. 
li tumid fare and truid, 19131 
im take faim seluin buid, 
b of man a.nd q^^at of wiue, 
s conuertid thusandis V. 
• dai fat folwid neste, 19135 
irit oute baf e pnnce and pnste, 
f aim in fat curte imide, 19139 
i taim of dede fat f ai dide, 
i taim telle, wif outin hone, 
name fat it was done. 19142 
Ir filde of haU gaste 
ler gaue he f aim in haste ; 
J he scawid als wif dede, 
asking was bot sofede. 19146 
' he saide, " resune fat we 
i for ure god dede be ? 
dslic fan can gie blame. 19149 
) it wele, fat in f e name 

EDINBURGH 



Of ihe^u fat gie dide on rode. Deaf 88] 
])at alwais gie misunderstode, 19152 
J)at god his fad/r raisid to line, 
(Als mani man baf e wate a.nd wiue) 
])at es made als a quaxnei^ stane. 
For to make tuin folkis ane, P ^•i?™*'*'* 
An in him for to be feste, — 19157 
J)at ilke fat f ra gmor were gie keste. 
In him es hele of mankirwie alle ; 
For es nan other name onto calle, 
J)at of hele mai giue man blis, 19161 
Bot if Inan f rali f inke on his." 
pe maistirs quen f ai understode 19173 
Sua stedfastlic fa apostlis stode, 
J)ai bad fat tai suld taim wif drawe 
Qudis f ai sulde samine spec a f rawe. 
" Nq se gie no3te," f ai saide, " jfir men, 
Qua can us of f aim consail ken 1 
\)e sine al sa^ we fat fai dide 1 19179 
"We mai nojte nite, sua es it kid, 
Bot far-fore sal we fret f aim hard, 
J)at faine sal nemr forfer warde 19182 
J)is name to man or wimman neviw, 
Our dere on f aim man sal it heuin." 
Calde ware fai fan a.nd bidin fare 
})aX tai fra fan sulde nemr mare 
Of the nam of ihe^ spelle, 19187 
Ka nankin tif and f ar-of telle. 
And fai faim ansuer gaue onan, 
Baf e pettr and sainte iohane, 
" And que^ir fan awe f am to bue 
God alweldand ouf er to giu 1 19192 
])at bed gie fat he maste forbedis, 
And sua gie schaw in giur sothedis. 
J)e lauerd to bide f e man wif stande. 
Vnlaj it es to tel in lande 19196 

EDINBUBOH 



1590 BUT PST£B AND JOHN 00 ON NOTWITHSTANDING. 

ANANIAS AND SAFPHIRA« 



THfi FALSEBOOD 



J)e fing J)at we bafe herde and sawe. . 
Hu mai we fan hot it scawl 19198 
If we ne dide we ware to wite. 
For sojjefastnes es no3te to nite." 
Da iuwis fat war ai sua curate ^'^^f- 
^ Walde efte haue tan faim if fai durste, 
For folc durste fai no3te he apon ; 
And tai wente hame unto syon. 
Ande fai to fair brefir fare, 19205 
Talde hu fat tai war haTidlit tare, 
J)ai lifte fair hewde al wif a steuiw, 
And f ankid dW3tine dere of heuin. 
And quera f ai hauid al saide fair bede, 
))anne biganne to stire fat stede, 
And in fat erfedine it scoke, 19211 
J)e haligaste eft-sif e f ai toke. 
Oute of fair hali hertia orde 
Spedlic fai spellid godis worde. 19214 
Of fat folc a man fare was, 
His name was hattin ananias, 
" I wil," he saide, " mi godis giue 
Wif fir ri3twise men to Hue, 19218 
Wif f aim i mai of mete and d?*mc, 
Mi liuere haue wif outin suinke." 
" Ic," he saide his wiue, " ande f u 
Hereto sal we mac a wou." 19222 
J)e vou was made, his lande he saide, 
J)e penis hali tan ande talde, 
))e quilc he bro^te wif outiw frest. 
And bifor fe postels kest ; 2 19226 
J5e haluendel fare of he stale, 
Ande saide fat fare f e -pnse was al. 
His wiue it wiste awe? held tare til ; 
Was neuer f e fruite o suilc hot ille, 
For ilke suike it selue bisuikis, 19231 

EDINBURGH 



And licnis maste fat f ar-in likis. 
Tetir it sa3 wif hali si3tey 19ISI1 

For filde he was wif grace of dn'jte, 
" Sai me," he saide, " ananias^ 
Qz^i'hauis f e temptid satfaanas, 
To ma suilc lesing of f i sale, 19339' 
And gialde f e haluis up for hale) 
Al fat tu far wif wende wel win. 
Sale tume f e bote to sake and sin. 
Sikir es tu of siime ande sake, '^ Jfi* i 
J^ar of fa hauls in hande f i wrake." 
1 Hauid sainte petir saide na maie, 
He fel dun step and dede li^t tare; 
pQ giuTig men hinte fe caroigne faxe^ 
And fef ir^ for do delue it bare. 19248 
Sone eft^Vwa^d bot uris f rin. 
His wif come hir unwitand inne, 
" Woman," saide Tetir, saide gie ma 
Giur lande 1" ))e wowman sadin, "gia." 
" )5uleies," he saide, " and a3te haue wa«d 
Wif fals f e hali gaste to ia.7id, 1925i 
Lo ! qware bifore f e dur fai stand, 
J)at ri^t nu delue f i dede hMsba/wle. 
Sua sal tai do fe nu onane," 19257 
Wif f is worde fel sco ded als sta». 
Na wonder nan fat ic haue spoki?* 
J5at wrangis ware sa son vrrokm, 
For cWstin kirc, f 03 it bigan, 19261 
Giet na was it no3te stabil fan. 
And custum es it mawg al tr^we, 
Quen la3 es made bituix faim nev 
At bigiwniwg for to be rede, 19265 
J)at drede mai do f e lau to sted, 
To do f e folc for drede and aw 
J)at wild no3t eUis halde law ; 1 9268 



EDINBURGH 
I* A blank originally left bere and the line inserted in a different hand.] . 



SICK HXALED BT THE APOSTLES: . THET ARE IMPRISONED; BEING 1591 
IRAGULOUSLT SET FREE THEY GO ON PREACHING, THOUGH FORBIDDEN. 



)de and lele for luue of med, 19269 
ic J)ai lialde ye law for drede. 
)an durst na inaTi wi]? paim meng, 
)at walde leli wi]) ])am le^zge ; 

seke unto ]>aim sojte, 19273 
mani signe on J)aim >ai wrojte ; 
Q in wales and in strete 
ke war bom faim to mete, 19276 
•et/r sculder on ^aim sulde rine 
' hauid mani medecine. 19278 
;e was petfr of ))a tuelue, 19281 
gretter sigine ]>an cnst himselue 
n^o^tiny als es saide sum qt^ore, 
lege of signe for])i lie bare ; 19284 
irist himselue lii3t liim ^at like, 

he for him wrojte singnis suilke. 

Apoailea are imjprisonedy and set 
free by an An§el,'\ 

]»an |)air folc wex mare and mare, 

aste ])e folc fel to })air lare, 

jiet fe iuwin folc felune P ^^.^j*** 

id ])a apostlis in prisune, 19290 

consail of a naciune 

le tru na resurectiune 

3 be on man on domis-dai, 

;ain ])a apostlis said ai nai. 19294 

)lc was hatin saduceus, 

elde ai vri\ \q phariseus. 

(one ]>ar eftiV on the nijte, 

e ]>aim was an angel bri3te, 19298 

trojt })aim })ur3 ])a steclis strange, 

bad ]7aim to ])e tempil gange 19300 

o spelle the word of liue, 19303 

alle sulde he bathe man and 



wiue. 



EDINBURGH 



\>Q pn'sun doris lefte als he fande, 
NouJJtV he braste ne barre ne bande, — 
])atwas to st9*6n})e })aire trouj^in grtaide, 
And f or ]7e iuwis to confunde. 19308 
Qu^n })ai s£^ })is, })e iaioleris, 
Sulde bring ])aim forwi]> dcTnstms, 
'* Lauerdingis it es selcu})e,'' cod ])ai, 
" We finde ure prtsuns alle awai, 
]>Q doris sptrid and walli^ hale, 19313 
Als god us helpe, so])e estis tale, 
Ka na takning of suike f and we ; 
Ymbjjinkis giu hu ]>is mai be." 19316 
])a maisttrs faste \aim umbi]K)3te, 
Wi]7 ]>is ty]>ande a man })aim bro^te, 
" J5e men J)at gie dide in pnsune," 
He saide, '' in temple ^ai sarmun.'' 
To ])e tempil ]>an ]>ai giede, 19321 
]?a postlis to ]>air curte to lede, 
Bot stren]7es nane did ^ ]7aim til, 
For Jjai come wif faim al wij) wiL 
])ai durste na uiolence ])aim do 
For fe folc faim heeld it to ; 19326 
Midward ]>at curte ]>ar war ]>ai sette, 
J)e biscop wiJ) forbot faitn })rette ; 
"We dide," he saide, " and giu forbede 
\>\r^ J?e hijte of bissophede, [i«af 89] 
])at gie in name of ))at ihd^ 19331 
Be no^te to preche sa bald fra nu ; 
Forloes ieru^alem nammare 
Gie haue fulfilde nu wi]) giuor lare, 
(^ibe^lr gie wil dn'ue on us ]>e blame 
Of ani wreking of \i% name, 19336 
J)at we sulde haue him slain wiJ) wrange, 
])are gie prachand sa })rali gange." 
Al als ane ])ai gaue ansuare, 
pat nan of ])aim for o^er bare, 19340 

EDINBUIU3H 



1592 THB APOSTLES WBirr on in spits of 8U1VBRINO, AND GOD^S WOBD dOf '] 

80 THAT THBT CHOSB HELPEBS. 



" Mare nede it es if gie wald tru 
To god, ]>an ani man to bue ; 19342 
Vr eldtV god dide ihesum rise, 
pe quilc gie hang wip fals asise. 
And hauis him lefte on his ri^t ha^zd ; 
pia wate we wel, mai naTz wi))stande. 
Ofte to giu hauis it ben talde, 19347 
Witnes J)arof ar we balde, P *?/^**** 
Wif haligaste he^ hauis us se?zt, 
And al ])at treuli til him wil tente. 
To giu if gie will giu repente 19351 
pia gifte of grace \>Q,n hauis he sente." 
J)an bigan J)ai wrenke and wraiste, 
And for tene ]>aiT te})})e to gnaiste, 
For ]>an ynp suaipis ]>ai ]>Qim suang, 
And gr^nnli on ])air corsis dange, 19356 
And bad taim fle als tai wald ded, 
To neuin iheguia nam mare ]>air fede. 
psk wente ioifuler ^an are, 
Na no^te fai menid of fair sare, 
Bot louid ihe^u cnstis name, 19361 
J)at tai for him war worthi grame. 
pe stedefaste troujje loke here it, lo ! 
Qwat-kin strenfis it mai do ! 19364 
J5at noujjer for worde na giet for di«t, 
Fra stalfcil troufe mo^te do paim stint 
paim Jjojt na fiwg sua suete in lif, 
Als for ihesu to suffir striue, 19368 
Al pe mare man did faim mis, 
pe sikerer fai ware of blis. [leaf 89, coi. 2] 
Cristis blis fai luuid sa wele, 
J5at tai mo^te of na torfer fele, 19372 
Als he bifore faim wrc^^te fe wai, 
Alsua fan him follwid fai. 19374 

He fat f aim sua dere hauid bo3te 
Of al f is werde na gaue f ai nojte. 

EDINBURGH 



pe maistzrs fat come efter warde 
]>ai lerid at taim to suffer hardB,19379 
ptait ne neuir for na bale ne buid, 
Fra cnstis trouf e fat taim truid 
In f is apostlis time it sais 19381 

pe cristin menne wex faste fa dais, 
])at fa postlis hauid to kepe,— 
J)at hirdis ware of cn'stin scepe, — 
Sua wex f e cn'stin mennis tale, 19385 
))at taine mo3te nawif kepe f aim hali^ 
))ai set undi'r faiTTi forf i seuin, 
pe quilc I sal f aire namis neuin. 
Steuin and philip, nichdnor, 19389 
Thimon, meniam, nichanore, 
And hicholas fir seuin were 
Set bifore^ fa apostlis sere. P^^ j g] **^ 
On f aim f ai held fair hall hande, 
Ande a quile f ai ware praiande, 19394 
And archidenis f ai f aim made. 
Of f aim f areof f ai toke f e hade, 
pe birf in undiV f aim to here. 
Of fat folc quen was mistir, 19398 
Godis worde wex faste a.vd grewe, 
And alsua dide f e trouf e of trew ; 
And of fe prestis was tare fele 19401 
J)ate lefte fair laste and worthid lepe]. 

[TJie Stoning of Stephen^ 

Steuin of strenf e an^ godis grace 
Was fiUids ful in ilka place, 19404 
Mani miraclis of mi^te, P ^^^^^f^ 
Wro^te he forwif folkis sijte : 
Vp fare ras to strtue him wif 
Men fat ware of sundrii hi3te, 19408 
J)at sinagogue of luwis helde, '^*JJ^y*^ 
*Sone fai wente haue steuin felde. 

EDINBUROp 



nSN XADB A SEEHOH AXD SAW A TIBIOir; 

D£ATH. 



HE WAS BTOKKD TO 1593 



1 )>aiTe striae was bot in wan, 
1 fai na faisim him ogain^ 19412 

apidacidne head Stephafd pf*o- 

fhomor^^ril]^ I? Inlaterhand] 

speke ]m gane Mm mani turn, 
ane gain bimmifte halde aspttme; 
ili spirite onte of him spac, 
3Tde nio3t tai him neuir on/rtac ; 
|>e mefi yat bsl^ his chere 19417 
Lt was an angel clere. 
^tnes fals fan. fsl ptt nudde, 
1 of god he hanid missaide 
moisen and gain ]»air lai, 19421 
e finid nemr to missai 19423 
sop of jtair la3, herde sai[n]. 19424 
jjjir hes fis," he said, " soje omV 
nan." 19422 

n stichlid him al hune, 
pasi bigan a grete sarmun, 19426 
Jjare he prouid wiJ?outin aw, 
als it was, al ^air onsaw. 
irste to loue god he bigan 
)yses, ^ate du^ti man, 19430 

si])in spac he of jfaii law, 
•aim it cu^e no^t seluiTi knaw. 
lu&n he hauid })aim talde pe so]>e 
ligan to gnaiste wi]) to]>e, 19434 
hertis ])03t })aim braste for tene, 
Is to kindil ]>at es kene. 
le lifte eien his, 19437 

3," he saide, " ure lauerdis blis, 
manm's sun })are selfe staTidaTide, 
m, bi god on his ri3te hande." 
inne of man he sa3 him in, 19441 
fadir and he sundiV in tuinne^ 

EDINBURGH 



He sa^ him stande to help him bede, 
For helpande a^ to stande in nede. 
He sa^ him croisid that ilke tt^me 
pai he for staning snld no^t scum. 
For to here neuin ihcOTi name 19447 
pal held it ba]re 6ce7?dscip and scame, 
And namlike wa was ]>aim ])anne 
Quen man him calde ba]) god and man, 
^Jan wex ya wreches onte of witte, 
And gan ]>air erin for to ditte, P ^^g]'^ 
Jjain harmid naj^ing mare in herte ; 
Jjar fore on steuin alle Jai stcrte, 1 9454 
])ai draue him onte of tune allan, 
And ]7are ])ai demid him to stane. 
pe fals witnes stane him biga^i, 
And saide ]>ai herde him dn3tin ban, 
)^ helde for lawch wiJ?outin sin, 
))at ]>e witnes suld biginne. 19460 
A child hi3t sawil of fair lede 19463 
Toe tente to qnilt* to fair wede, 19464 
))at ilke J)at was ]>an hattin sanl, 
Sifin he was apostil pawil. 
Quiiis tai him wif stanis qnelde, 
Vp til ward heuin his hewde he helde, 
Apon his knes he him sette, 19469 
And der worJ)li he dn*3tin grette. 
"Lauerd," he saide, " to J)e ihe^u 
Gield I mi gaste, receiu it nu ! 19472 
And lauerd, forgiue J)u Jjaim fair pli3t, 
For of J)e sojje haue J)ai na pli3te." 
WiJ) J)is his haligaste he gialde 
To iheau fat for him was salde.^ 19476 

[} Blank space here of U lines* width] 

[De conxierAone sancti Fauli apostoli] ^ 

[F]ra fat stemn was done of daw, 

Faste f ai rase wif outiw aw t*hJ5,df ' 

EDINBURGH 



1594 OHUROH PERSEOUTED BY SAUL AND OTHSRS. PHILIP PBBACeiNa Alt 
WORKING MIRACLES WAS SEEN BY SUfON, WHO WISHED TO LEARN HIS SfiCBBIfc 



Gaine hali kirke, it for to haste, 
In i&rusahm. ald^V maste. 19480 

For he, pai omV man was slan, [loaf 40] 
"Was of fe seuin deknis ane, 
Disciplis foluwid fai?7i sa harde 
Jjat faim draue oute of fair warde, 
Sauf J)a postlis fate \>ai7n ledde, 19485 
J>ai stode, bote al fair ofir fledde : 
Al of /r f aim fledde, hot giet f ai stode, 
Sua dos f e hertis fat ar gode. 
]?an S£^ fa apostlis it was nede 
To tomin til anofir lede. 19490 

Alphei sune fat hi^te lacob, 
Of iurselem f ai made bissop, 
J)ai laido fair "handis him apon, 
Petir and iacob and saiwt lohan, 
Forfi of quoner fan of fre, 19495 
Xa mai na bissop sacrid be. 
In fat siq?^are was saulz/^ mast, 
Jjat mstin kirk bigan to wast, 19498 
Era huse to huse seka?^de he ism, 
And onto he dro3 baf e wiue SLud ma??. 
And f 03 he pnsu?id f ai??i wif W03, 
Als god walde nane of f ai7?i he SI03, 
For god him gette, fat em?' is gode, 
Vnwe?7imid his hende in sacles blode. 
J5ai fat were scailid sua for nede, 
Fra stede to stede walca?id f ai giede, 
Stedfaster fo3 qwefir fan are 19507 
Fo[r]f i fate f ai fan scailid ware. 
Phihpo, fat was of deknis an, 
})e neste to tel fra saint stephan, 
To p?'eche he come until a bie 19511 
)?at man clepid samarie. 
)?are f e folc wif ful assente 
Til his wordis gaue fair te?ite, 19514 

EDINBURGH 



Miraclis dide he for f aim fele^ 19515 *! 
For mani sekemen gaue he hele. 



[Simon Magus ivMeeto buy Holy Oifti] 

])are a mail, gimon ttiagus^ 
Als ure stoh teUis us, 195181 

He ledde f e folc wif mikil soike. 
For signis was his werkis like ; 
He wro3te bifor f aim grete ferlie, 
And al was wif his iugilrie^ — 19622. 
Godis uirtn our grete p^'ophete, ^^ 
Our angels elli^ f ai him lete^ 
Our godis sune elli^ f ai him helde^ 
For he cuf e make fe men biduelde. 
Qz^en f e folc was in fat tone 19527 
Truid philippis sannune^ 
And to fe baptizing f aim uooid, 
Simon lete als f 03 he truwid. 
And baptizid him til hali kirke, 19531 
For signis he sa3 philippe wirke, 
Of zV gia fan bene mo3te do. 
Bot for he wewde to cum f ar-to, 
J5ar fore toke he baptim faiwte, 19535 
For to be wif philip aquainte, 
To be him als his pWue nere, 
J5at he mo3te of his craftis lere. 
Quen fa aposths hcrdin sale, 
Samaritanis hauid tan fair lai 19540 
Fra ierw^alem f ai sente on ane 
Bathe sainte pet/r and saint ion, 
J)ai praied for fan in haste, 
J)ai sulde receiue f e hahgast. 19544 
j)'dt es to saie wif takin sene, 
Bot thar na man f 03 quef zV wene, 
)?at taine receuid hauid fat time, 
Ynsene quen fat tai hauid baptime. 

EDINBURGH 



BDION IS TAUOHT THAT THB GIFTS OF GOD ARE NOT TO BS BOUGHT. 1595 

SAUL IS STRUCK BLIND. 



Hirbi mai se ^t ochte es wise, 19549 

)>at ]x^ |>at a man mai baptise, 

Na, mai na man ^at es in lande 

Conferming giue, bot bisscop hande. 

^t iike ful wele J)is philip wist, 

For)>i of alle ^t he baptiste, 19554 

He held ^m to peL apostlis 

))at fel sulde on ]>aim haridis lai, 

Als we se nu biscops do, 

]>at ^air ponste es ginin to. 19558 

pe biscopis confermemente. 

Of stren))e it es ^e sakerm^nte, 

Stabil for to stands in striue, 

In laste of cnistin mannis line. 19562 

Qu&n simon magus undtrstode 

|)e LaligiBte, it was sa gode, 

J?ate J» men Jrat it nndirfange ^*^,*'\'3**'^» 

Mojte do suilc mHuj hnd sua strange, 

He wende it ware bot a qwaintise, 

And wend haue bo^t it ^viJ) sum pnse. 

Als it es in )»e stori redde, 195G9 

To fSL apostlis gifts he bedde, 

** J)is ilke mi3te giuis me," he said, 

" p&i on quai man mi hend be laide 

He haue the hali gaste in hii," 19573 

To wiwne wi> al he wende it bii. 

Petir ansuerde ^t caitif q^^^de, 

"J)i catel be ]re-selue to dede, 

To be wij) J»e in belle pine, 19577 

Ande halde pi catel ])at es })ine." 

Here mai man se bi pia lesun^ 

Q^eD. santis gaue pair malicun, 

peA game it na wip als fore wil 19581 

))ai hauid of wrake or opir wille, 

Bot for fe r^twisnes })ai it do, 

To )wdm JMit wor})iest ])ar-to. 19584 

EDINBURGH 



"Hauis tu na parte," quod PetiV, "hei'e, 
J)u hauis wijj falshed fast J?e iere, 
Na Jjui^ J)i he7^de hauls tu na mi^te 
To gere Jje hali gaste to li^te ; 19588 
Fordo penane iiede es inoch. 
For dnjtine hauis tu so3te wij) woch 
j)e to forgiue, it sua ma fal, 
J5e falsede fu him faude wif-alle." 
It fell sainte peter als of rente, 19593 
To cal men til amendme7^te. 
Sua ach alle prestis, mare a.nd les. 
In alse mikil als in paim es. 19596 
Peter ande ione pai wente ogaiw 
And precliid bape wip mi3te and maiw, 
Na lefte pai for na hlenc na blam, 
Til pal to iurselem come hame. 19600 

[Of Paul and hu Conversion,^ 

Late we nu pe prechurs stand. 
For to spec of an werande ; 
Saulz^ so^te ai qware and prette 
Al pe crestin he wip mette. 19604 
Of pWnce, of preste, gat he leue. 
And pareon purchaisid he a breue 
^For to bisek bape up ande dune. 
If he mo^te finde in ani stun P ^coTk]^' 
Cristin man, he suld paim lede 19609 
To iurselem to prisun bede. 
Als he wente pus to seke and aske 
Tilwarde a tune that hi3t damaske, 
pe fir of heuin hauis him stuwd,19613 
And brapeli befte unto pe grunde. 
Blindfelde he was als he sua lai. 
He herde a steuin pus til him sai, 19616 
" Saul, Saul, sai me nu 19619 

Qwarfore on me sua weirais tu ?" 

EDINBURGH 



1596 ANANIAS 19 BIDDEN TO. BAPTIZE BAX7L, WHO BEOOVEBS HIB SIGHT. 



" Ande quat er tu, lauerd, sua unsenel" 
'' Bot ic hat ihesuia nazarene, 19622 
])at tu werrais al ]>at tu mai. 
Bo yndiVstande ]>at I ]>e sai, 
It es to ]>e oute ou/r mi3te 
Ogain J)i stranger for to fi3te." 19626 
Saul him quake, sua was he rad, 19633 
Forglopnid in his mode als mad. 19634 
** Sai me^ fan lauerd, quat I sal do 19637 
J)i wH wH I do redi, loo 1 " 19638 

" Eise up, gange, pe tun es nere 
Quat tu sal do ])are sal tu lere." 
Jje folc war ferde fat wif him ferde, 
Na man fai sa3 quat sum fai herde, 
Of Saul herde fai wel J>e steuin, 
Bot no^te of fat fat com fra heuiw, 
Blinde he ras up als he mo^te, 19645 
J)at forwif fan was blind in f o^te. 
His eien opin baf e hauid he 
And f 03 a smitte mo3te he no3t se, 
Al blind his men to tune hi??^ ledde, 
And iij daiis liuid he fare unfed, 
Nouf er bene ete fa iii dais time, 
Na bene I wis mo3t se a stime. 19652 
Wif in f ai iii ni3te a.nd f re daiis 
Mikil be lernid, als sum jRa.71 sais, 
Of spelbs fat be sifin spac, 19655 
For of precbing hauid he na make. 
[Blank space here of 13 lines^ width, 

but no lines omitted.^ 
^In tune of Damnaske fat tim was 
A cristin hi3te ananias, p leaf 41, coi. i] 
To quaxa. ur laue?'d saide in si3te, 
" Ga til a strete fat suagat bi3te, 
In fat bus," be saide, " sal tu finde 
Saul of tars fare liggand bliwde, 19662 

EDINBURGH 



Liggande lai his heuid dune 19663^ 
Ai if inlic in orisune." 
Ananias him fan ansueidei 
*' Lauerd," he saide, "ofte haue I h«rde 
Tel of pnsuning omd of pine, 19667 
])at he hauls wro3te to santis fine, 
And pouste hauls to do f aim scam 
Til al fat calis on fi name." 19670 
" Do wai," he saide, " it nis nojte sua, 
Bot fare I bid f e gange, ])u ga, 
J5u gange til him, f u es mi lele, 19673 ■ 
And of mi chesing es uessele. 
For to knaw mi name and bere 
Bafe bifore king ande kaiser. 19676 
Baptizing f u sal him bede^ 
Bot of f i lare hauls he na nede^ 
His maistir of lare I sal selue be. 
And mikil sal he thole for me, 19680 
Him selue to f ole parte of fat pine, 
])at he did are to santis mine." 
Ananias so3te sone fat inne, 19683 
And forsaide saulum fawd fare-in. 
And quen he laide on him his hewde, 
2 " Saul," he saide, " he me hauls sende, 
Ibesu f at him kid to f e, p leaf 41,001.8] 
Bi wai to do fe for to se, 19688 

Wif in and oute to haue f i si3te, 
And haue f e ball gastis ini3te." 
Scalis fel fra his eien awai, 19691 
And hauid his si3te forf e fra f is dai, 
(^uen he hauid his baptim tane, 19693 
He ete B,nd dranke and couerid onane. 
To cr/stin men sone wa he cuf e, 19697 
In sinagoge spel biguf e, 
Al fat him herde him wondcrit on, 
Ilkane saide, "na es no3t gion 19700 

EDINBURGH 



GOES TO JERUSALEM AND IS RECEIVED BY THE APOSTLES. 
WORKS MIRAOLBS IN LYDDA AND JOPPA. 



PETER 1597 



it we sa) ])is ender dai 19701 

name of ihe^u sua werrai t 

|>ar-fore come onto ])is tun 

bte fe cristin to prisune ) ** 19704 

30uerid in an stunde^ 

m8 gan lie confunde, 

3ad ]>aim alle to lete Skud liste, 

^as no god bot ihe^u criste. 

jte pe iuwis he wijjstode, 19709 

ire lie mengit ])aim in modo, 

jfore it was fai toke J>air rede 

)li do him to pQ dede. 19712 

edis ]}arfor gan ]>ai run, 

pQ kepers of fe tune, 

;e omV dai to waite J)e time 19715 

pai mo3te come to murpir him, 

III fan dide fe tune bege[t],i 

^aul it wist fat he was J)r[ette], 

in a lepe ma7» lete him dune 

mr fe wallw of f e tune, 19720 

utin wonde or ani wemme. 

entin to ierw^alem, ^ fofhirJ'by 
I apostiw he him bede ; ^^^'^ 
ai sumdel for him war drede, 
wende no^te giet in fat siqt^are, 
kirKc he cristin ware, P ^^'Ji,'^^ 
lamabas faim tifand talde,19727 
mad faim of his bunte balde, 
ie hu crist wif him ga/i mete, 
tn him spac walcande hi strete, 
hu ne blenkid wif na blame 
iske to spel ur lauerdis nam. 1 9732 

bil was he sif in ane, fjjj^ilgrf 
lac in speUiwg hauid he nan,^ 
him welc forf e here a,nd tare, 
jpellid faste wif outin spa^-e 19738 

EDINBURGH - 



Ande faste disputid wif f e gnues, 
Baf e to half in folc and iues, 
Als he ne t&nd we nan so f ra, 
For of f ai so3te him for to sla. 19742 
To Petir tume we nu ogain, 19747 
For to mac ur stori plains. 

[Pester sees a Vision and Preaches to 
the Heathen,^ 

Pettr faste fe troufe undide, 19749 

And prechid in a tune hi3t lide, 

])are he f ande a man unf eree 

In parlesie gia a3te gier^ 

Til him saide petir, "enea, 19753 

Criste giue f e hele fat it be sua, 

Rise," he saide, " f i bed to di3te," 

To rise fat forwif hauid na mi3t 

Suife he rase, wif[ou]tiw mare, 19757 

Wif outin minne of ani sare ; 

J^an f el fat folc to criste onane. 

In iope was a madane, 19760 

Of sum men was sco calde dorcha, 

And of of tV hi3te sco thabita, 

Cristin sco was B.nd emV fuse 

Abute al werkis of almuse, 19764 

Bot namlikest of of ir ping 

To sewe f e pomV f aire clef ing ; 

Jjis maidin deied, quilw pettr did 

Jjis forsaide signe gie h^rde, at lid 

Jjat fefin was bote a litD. fra; 19769 

\)e cristimen sente f ider tua. 

And bad to faim he suld him hii, 

Bot no3t f ai talde him resuro qui. 

"Petir nickid faim na nai, 

Bot to fis liccam com fat lai, 19774 

EDINBURGH 



1598 DORCAS BROUGHT TO LIFE. CORNELIUS BENDS MESSBNGEBS TO 

AT JOPPA, 



WiJ) pomV widus umbisette, 19775 
Fill tendiVli J)ai for her grette, 
1 WiJ) weping scawid J)ai J>air wede 
psA dorcas gaue pedm gain ])air nede, 
Jjat petiV inojte witte quat sco were 
Jjair praier gladliker to here. ^^^*V]**' 
He bad J)a men be al oute-done, 19781 
])ate in ]}at huse lefte hot a chone, 
For fare was luang J>aim wel maibe 
Sum was nojte worfi eigne to se, 
Tilwarde fat like he tumid his face, 
And kneland biso3te godis grace ; 
" Tabite,'* he saide, " rise up, I bidde,** 
WiJ) fis SCO liftid hir eien lid. 19788 
Quen SCO of petiV hauid a si3te, 
Bi hir selue sco satte upri3te, 
To saint petzV sco ra3t hir hawde, 
Ande he hir raisid for to stande ; 19792 
J3ai fat war oute, in did he calle, 
And gialde hir quic up for faim alle. 
J?an bicom C7*istin al fat tune, 19795 
)5at petiV so3te wif his sarmune, 
Of sarmun walde he nawif blin, 
And lang far lengit at an in. 
)5at he fande sa faitful frende, 19799 
His name was calde simund f e hand. 
J?are he dide mani man to tru, 
jjat tune fat calde es acris nu. 19802 
Bo qmlis fat PetzV lengit fare, 
In a tune fat hi3te cesare 
J?are was a man letande to ri3te, 
Corneli?/5 to name he hi3te, 19806 
A mi3ti man of gret honur, 
Was sette undzV f emperure 
To sufiir fare na wrang be don. 
Apon a dai at tide of none, 19810 

EDINBURGH 



An angel come and stode him hi 

" Be no3te," he saide, " (x»iieli,- 

J^in orisuns and fin almua 

Es knawin up in godis hue, 198U i 

j)u sal pz^ruai f e sum men 

For to sende until lopen, IWlf 

And do fat petir com to fe, IMU 

At simund hende his bus es ha 

Fot him fe to, he sal te lere [leafn^MLSi - 

Al of fi line, hu f u sal stere." 

Comeliz^s eitir fat sichte 19821 

Calde til him tua men and a knite, 

Vntil yopen he f aim sende, 

Als f e angel hauid him kende, 

p&i wentai^i forf and dide alsua. 

pe tof zV dai fai s£^ faim fra, 19828 

J^at innis fare saint -petir lai ; 

J^an was it undome tide of dai, 

pat es fat ilke time to saie 

J)at petir went him for to praie, 19832 

Firste to praie and sif in at ete. 

For fat time hauid he hu7igir gret 

Qwtlis tai di3tid his liuelate. 

In orisune he lai a.nd bade, 19836 

Ande fel far wif in a swime 

Als dri3te him seluin did sewd on him. 

Of mannis witte fan he wiste, 19839 

Als weUe was fan of ihesu cr/ste. 

Him f 03te he lokid unto f e lifte, 

And sa3 farin a mikil clifte, 19842 

A mikil linnen claf e four sqt/are 

Latin dune, him fo3te.wa8 tare. 

At nokis foure, four listis l&nge, 

Vnto fe air farwif it hange. 19846 

Qwen it on ere was latin dune, 

Alle four fote bestis sa3 he bune, - 

EDINBURGH 



t, BY THB VISION OP THE CLOTH LET DOWN FROM HEAVEN, IS 1599 
TAUGHT THAT HB MUST PREACH TO THE HEATHEN. 



al maner of crepande beste, 
.t ]>at er nojte talde honest 
hungrit ]>an ful sare, 19851 
Lce him saide in ])at aiquare, 
ir, rise, and sla and ete," 
ua sai, ' gange for ]7u sal get 
i]>in lede, for ])u sal sla 
.en folc amang pon ga, 19856 
astis ]7at es no3te to praise, 
haali hali kirk upraise.' 

PetiV fat unbestis sawe, 
dm pan ])03t him mikil aw, 
Ddin bestis war in lede, 19861 
uerddrichte!" he saide, "forbede 
sulde tete for ani nede P if 42, coi. i] 
ete ])ai ete in haij^in hede. 19864 
»etiV ]7an bigan to hone, 19867 
come anoj^ir stenin sone, 
ir" he saide, " J>u sla and ete, 
do J)are fe nochte lete, 19870 
e at ete war na resune, 19865 
Q opir men es comune." 18866 

no3te comun, it es nnrijte, 
lensid hanis him seluin dnjte. 
s pe hai]>in, als qua sai, 19873 
dd in godis f orsichte in fai 
pQ nojte wande wi]> paim to m^nge 
re )»aim sal tu alwaise lenge." 
) ande up pis ilke wise, 19877 
ke cla]7e was latin ])rise, 
pna ])is ilke steuin talde 
ac of ]>at si^te petzr balde. 19880 
ambrose sais fat we sai pre 
rcing quen child^ sal baptizid be. 
lis tu in god," gia, fis es ane, 
]nr, '<forsakis tu sathane," 19884 

BOINBURGH 



J)e frid es, " wiltu baptizid be.*' 
And alsua smerling es tare iij, 19886 
In breste, in schulderis, and in fiunte, 
And frise fan es he put in funte. 
Ande quen f is vessel frise was scawpn], 
Ogain it was til heuin up drawin. 
Bot quilw sainte petir him uwfojte 
Of fis sijte, qiuzt bitaken mojte, 
J)an come fa iii men him til ha72d, 
Jjat come comeli fra erande : 19894 
Fir come fai to simundis i?me, 
Askande quef er petir ware f arin. 
Sainte petiV was far wamiste ; 
J)ur3 gastli 8i3te of ihesu criste, 19898 
" Peti?*," it saide, " lo 1 gionder f re 
Men fat er sende to sake f e. 
Rise, ga wif [f aim,] haue na drede 
I selue f e sende and sal te lede." 
Petir met tam fan in hii, [if *«, bk, coi. i] 
" J)e man gie seke," he saide, " es I, 
Quat es fe achesun of giur wai?" 
" Gladli," cod fai, " we sal te sai. 
A center, comelius, 19907 

To seke f e hauis he sendin us ; 
He dredis dri3tin, na man mare. 
And of him hauis he baud ansuare 
Til his hus fe for to bringe, 19911 
For to here f i sarmuninge." 
Jjair super did sainte pet?V di3te, 
And wif him gestnid fai fat ni3te, 
Apon fe mome went tair wai, 19915 
Sone to cisare come f aL 
Lang* eftir f aim f ojte comeli, 
Ande dide his frendis cal forf i, 
Qt^en fai of 'Petir undirstode, 19919 
His coming, sone gain him fai giode, 

EDINBURGH 



1600 PETEB MEETS CORNELIUS, EXPOUNDS TO HTM THE LAW, AND BAPTIBI j 

HIM AND HIS PEOPLE. 



And quare ])ai met him in ])at strete, 
Cornelius him him fel to fete 19922 
Wi]j al his herte him anurande, 
Bot petiV him raisid hi fe hawde, 
And til him saide, " rise up, hroftV, 
Ic am a man als tu es anojjir." 19926 
Comeli fare hauid frendis fele, 
PetiV gan to |>aim to mele, 
," Gie wate," he saide, " ur la^ forhedis 
Meng us wif ani opir ledes, 19930 
Bot nu wi]) si3te ic haue it sene 
j)a,t of mankind es nan unclene. 
J)are wij) leve ic am giu lewte, 19933 
And comin to giu als eiter sente. 
Quat gie wiJ? me wil wite I walde." 
Cornelialthesofe^himtald, ^fJ^C.'^S^. 
Firste of fat angelis si3te 19937 

Ande sifin of hodworde tra dn^te, 
*' For fis meting fat I wif met 
I dide," he saide, " fe forto fette." . 
Petir opnid fan his mufo, 19941 

" I se," he saide, " fat it es cuf e 
J)at god fat made for us rawcune, 
Bilialdis no^te man his pn'sune, 
"NsL hene hihaldis quef iV it he ^{^f'^^' 
luwe or haifin, or fral or fre, 19946 
Bot aske folc ellis fat him dredis, 
"Wif luue until his lake he ledis. 
Na hope of nan he wil forhu 19949 
J)at wil traistlic in him tru." 
PetiV f aim saide a spelling fan 
Of baptizing fat Ion higan, 19952 
jpat was of penance cald baptime, 
And sif in f aim talde of cristis time. 
Hu he him-selue fat ilke wise, 
For ure ensampil dide baptize. 19956 

EDINBURGH 



Sif in of his Hue he wif faim led, 
Hu him on rode f e iuwis sprede. 
And hu he rase f e f ridde dai, 
Ande fare of witnes lele at f aL 19960 
'^ Ande spac wif us in fleies satd £dl% 
And bad us wende his worde to speL 
His fader fat al hauis tor to giem, 
Hamstajte himquikke&nd dedetodem^ 
!N'o3te he allane of his afferis, 19965' 
Bot ilke prophete him witnes beris. 
Alle to be safe of sinne a.nd scame, 
J^ate walde tru in his hali name.'' 
QuHi^ fate pettV spac his spelle, 
pQ hali gaste dune on faim felle, 19970^ 
On al fat herde fat spelle in place, 
pe hali gaste faim come wif grace^ 
Thancand dri^tin der-worf i dere, 
Fra fan f ai spac wif spechis sere, 
Petir spac fan, " qua mai forbede 
Wsitir at baptize iuwis lede, 1997^ 
J^at hali gaste hauis tan als we 
Jjat mar es fat baptizid to be." 
He did faim baptize fan ilkan, 19979^ 
Bot in cristis nam ilk ane alan, 
J)e furme fat hi ta3te was are 
Of baptizing, he held it tare ; 19982 
For suilc a sidle him f ojte nede, 
J)at cnstis nam suld f arwif sprede. 
In quilc nam forsmerlid tald es he, 
pe fadir alsua of qwam fat he [be] ; pf *fl 
And fe haligaste i wis, 19987 

"Wif quilc fat he smtVlid es. 
pSLve duelit petir a litil stage 
And it was f e first passage, 
J)at f apostlis in partie 
Made to suilc folc as of pani. 19992 

EDINBURGH 



iPOSTLES TAUGHT AND SUPPBRBD. I WILL NOW TELL OP OUR LADY, 1601 
IN A BOOK THAT WILL BE THE BENISON OF ALL. 



LU forjwrward I wille 19993 

I postlis liald me stil, 

dr stori to spec nammare, 

lai scailid J^aini ])ann wide quave, 

ae into contre sere 

istin lauwe Jje folc to lere. 19998 

iwin lauerd ful wel faim ledde, 

.ir speling ful wele fai spedde ; 

at tai wel sped, als I sale, 

nani a torfer suffmd faie, 20002 

)fte J>ai for na grame of man, 

\rerande on J)e wrang fai waw. 

ide J>aim seluin alle to proue, 

sde for fair lauerdis bihoue. 20006 

contre ilk ane toke to preche 
warde I sal giu teche, 

ending ilkan hauid, and qware, ' 
; of J>aim mai tel nan mare. 20010 

• the Assumption of Our Lady,] 

irste I tel of hir ending 20011 
f al kingis bar pQ king, 
CO Jat bar him fat us bo3te, 

Jat nukil blis was bro3te. 
lan be sua unworfi man, 20015 
am ic wi]> al ])ate i can, 
fel and fleies a.nd sawil wij) alle, 

and emr sal be her ])ralle ; 
ne es nemV mare sua fre 20019 
lat leuedi to frallid be. 
ir worscip sa wide to win 
lie wat I no3te quar bigin, 20022 
Joj mi tunge it were of stel, 
i cvLpe loue na man sa wele, 
I bigan hir louing speke 20025 
sand gier mo3te I no3te reqt^^, 

I EDINBURGH 



J503 fat I dide na nofiV finge, 20027 

Tel tende parte of hir louing. %f ^ 

For ai fe mare I so3te to sai, 

J)e widder sal I finde pe wai. 

J503 quepir sal T neuir fine 20031 

Ai be leuedi in louing fine, 

Sua kinde ful wel I wate er tu, 

J)at J)u mi wille me al wil lu, 20034 

For ofte J?u menskis man wiJ? me[de] 

For wille allane wif outin dede ; 

In J)i louing f u do me lende, 

Leuedi unto me liuis ende. 20038 

Qware fore I sale a litU vie 

Rede nu here of fat leuedie, 

Fra fat hir son ur laue7'd cnste, 

Deied on rode and was traiste. 20042 

I wit giu sai wif outin were, 

J?at al fat hertli wil it here, 

HertH heris it or redis, 

i)ai sale haue benicun to medis, 

Baf e cristis awin benicune 20047 

And of fair sinnis remissiun ; 

"Womman sal perile of na bame, 

Na nan wif mistim be forfame 

Na fal unto na dedli pli3te, 20051 

J)at tai it here ouf zV dai or iii3te, 

And mare far of I sai f e giete, 

Qua hertlic heris or redis itte, 

Of ure leuedi and saint lohan, 20055 

pa.ii benicun f aim bes no3te wan. 

And saint edmund of puntenei, 

Daiis of pardun f aim giuis xx**. 

In a writte fis ilke I fande, 20059 

Him selue it wro3te ic understande. 

In of iV inglis was it drawin, 

And ti^mid ic haue it til ur awin 

EDINBURGH 



1602 WHEN JB8US WAS ON THB 0R08S HI OAVB HIS M0TH1EB INTO THI CAIfr 
OF JOHN, WHO PUT HBB IN A NUNNERY WHEBB SHE DID GOOD WORKS. 



Language of the nor])in lede, 20063 
pat can na nopir inglis rede. 

Hota de vita et morte excellentissime 
Yir[giiiis] Marie a tempore eruei- 
' fixionis.! ^hiSd^' 

*[Q]ven iheeu crist was dow on rode, 
^ A^ ^lid dede al for or gode, 20066 
He calde til him sainte lohan 
]?at was his'fles kinseman, pif4s,bk,ooLi] 
Ande his awin modir bo ^aim toa 
Ka calde he men til him nan ma. 
"Woman," he saide, "lo ! here sun fine 
For mannis luue ]>ole I fia pine. 20072 
Lo I hu I hinge apon ^is tre, 
FoTso])e I wate it rewis te. 
Min fete, min hende, of blode ar rede, 
Wijjoutin ri3te I Jjole Jis dede ; 20076 
Min awin ]>at c^te me to luuen, 
For quam ic am dun fra abuuen, 
J)ai me do fis mikH scame, 20079 
Na a3te i neuiV to ber f e blame." 
His modtr stode and sare seo grete, 
J5e teris fel dune tH hir fete, 20082 
Was na ferli J)03 sco wepe sare, 
For SCO ne mo3te haue na soru mare. 
For he J>at nam of hir fleies, 
Als his suete wille wesse, 20086 

Hang a tre ]7are nailid to. 
" Alias ! alias ! alias 1 " saide sco, 
" Hu mai I liuin, hu mai I be ! 
Hu mi3ti J?is soru se ! 20090 

Na cuj?e ic are of soru no3te ! 
Leue sun, quat hauis tu }j03te 
Hu sal I leuin wifoutin fe 1 
Leue sune quat sais tu me " 20094 

EDINBURGH 



)>an spac ihesa wordis gode, 2009( 
Als he hang upon pat rode^ 
He saide til hir, " mi jnodir dere, 
I sal bitechin fe a fere 20098 

pate treulic sal kepin fe^ 
Q^tlis ]>at tu in erpe be " 
He saide sone to sainte iohan, 20101' 
" For luue kepe me wel fia winnnaiii 
Kepe her and serue wi]) al pi mijte, 
Pat na man do her unricht" 
J^an nam pa postil sone onane 
Yntil his keping, pat maidan, 20106 
He seruid her ba]>e dai and ni^te. 
And kepid hir wi]) al his mijte ; 
To tempil hir wi]) him he name. 
And sua sone als he Jare oame ^^^^ 
Amang pe nunnis of pat stede^ 20111 
Gk)d for to seruin he hir dide ; 
]^are sco bileui al hir Hue, 
Na louid sco noupir fi^te ne stnue. 
Alle ])a leuedis ])ate ])are wem 20115 
Ful wel psii mijtin hir forbeme. 
For quili^ ])at sco was wi]) pam ])ar 
Sco serued in ba])e les and mare. 
To fere ande seke ai dide sco bote, 
And seruid ])aim til hand and fote, 
Nakid and hunger sco clad and fed, 
pe seke ])an bro^te sco to paii bed j 
Ne was tare nou])er sek na f(8re.20123 
J^at tai ne hauid of hir mistere. 
For ])aie hir luuid wi]) al pair m^t ; 
Sco it of seruid ande tat was ri^te^ 
Sco woke wel mar pan sco slepe, 
Hir sone to serue was al hir kep, 20128 
Til him sco calde ydp reuful steuin, 
And he hir sends an angel of heuio, 

EDINBURQH 



A GAP. THB END OF THE 8T0RT OF OUR LADY's LIFE. 



160S 



Hiin seine cum quiltim f&t sec bar 
For to conforte his moder care. 20132 
Sainte iohan hii kepid &nd hauid dere, 
Foi he was hir as treu fere, 
Na walde he nemr fra hir gane, 
For haj^e psir willis was als an ; 
Al ]»at SCO bad gladlid he dide, 20137 
To qnilM y&i weme in p&t stede. 
Quen SCO hauid ])are wel lange ben, 
j)e lenedi ]>at es of heuin quene, 
Hir langit sare hir sone com to, 20141 
And qnen sco giemid sone was soo. 
An angel sente he hir fra heuin, 
And gret her wi]> a milde steuin, 
pe tempil wij^in he hir met ; 
Anurand hir and ])ar hir gret, 20146 
And saide, *' leuedi 1 sua ful of grace 
Wele ]» be in illce place 1 20148 

Ka be fxL no^te drad for me here, 

[Four leaves are lost here,] 

"Bskpe emperice and leuedie cieaf44, ooli] 
Sette in tione hir sone bie. 20802 
And finis nou)^r dai na ni^te. 
To proie for sinful mannis plijte. 
Es nan ]»ate sua in foli falli^, 
))ate stintis ande apon hir callt^, 
I))inlic and hopis wele 20807 

))at ^aine sal faire hir helpis fele. 
And for sco reuis Je wifiV wine 
Sna mani sinful of his pine, 
I som ^t he in es stadde 20811 

£b he for na)^ing alse radde, 
Hene mai nojte loke tilward htr l^t 
))at xnerris him of al his mi3te. 
Ogain ^at fa sco bene nre belde, 20815 

BDINBUBGH 



Ande namlic quen we dun sal helde, 
To be ])an for us sper ande scelde, 20817 
J)at we ne cum nexwr untiL his welde. 
J^is leuedi ]>at I mene of maste 20821 
Conceiuid ]>ur) ])e hali gaste 20822 
J^at blisful childe ])at sco us here, 
(^uen SCO was aide to vii giere ; 
And tuenti gier was ihesu criste, 
Qt^en he dide him to be baptiste, 20826 
He prechid iij and monej Jjriwne, 
He deied, and ras ]?an for mankiTi, 
Fourti daiis he sifin bade, 
Ar he up til his fadir glade : 20830 
Aftir fe upsteich of pat dnjtine, 
Sco liuid bot winteris vij. ojid .ix., 
J5an it was hir elde al hale, KrlSi- 
pie ande sexti gier in tale. Snl?? ^^' 
And ten mone Riid daiis seuin 20834* 
Qua wel can caste sal finde it euin^ 
J^at ic ]>e hi^te, ic haue it done, 20835 
Leuedi ! set bi J)i sone in trone, 
Vnto fi sone I bide a bone, 
]^u do me him to grant it sone I 
Ihe^, do me to luue pe sua, 20839 
J^at quar I site, or stande, or ga, 
Jjat Hue, ne dede, ne wel, na wa, 
Most neu?r twme min herte be fra* 

[} Six lines omitted here in Edinburgh MS.] 

[Of the Works and Death of each of 
the Apostles,] 

1 [sjpeke we nu of f& spellers balde, 

Sin we haue of Jjair leuedi ta[lde]. 
])a postlis p&t wide qt^are war spred, 
J)at til ure laj Je unleuand led, ^^^ 
And efttr pat we finde in boke 20853 
Qt^t ending ilkane of poim to[ke], > 

BDINBUBGH 



1604 



PETER, HIS PREACHING, HIS KIRAOLES, AND HIS DEATH; 



Of ])aini to scliaw nojte bot a su . . 
For ])is boke hauls na nopir ra . . .. 
It nes na nede ur suinke to spe . . ^ 
On ])ing we ne mai no^te bnn , . .. 
PettV was andrewis brojir, 20859 
pe tane was bliscid and pe to])[ir], 
He was bom in be]>saida 
Of galilee, man clepis sua, 20862 

Of liali kirke es be grund wa 
In crist in him selue pat led . . . 
Fonnast cbosin for])i als beu[id], 
Of alle pQ fens was be leuid, 20866 
Of godis sun first confessur, 
Of alle man kinde hirde of . . . 
Stane of kirke of kinric ca . . . . 
Luuer of lauerd alsua nitere 20870 
Nitande be felle wepande be ra . . . 
And curund in passiune be . . . 
His name es giuin till bim of . . . 
And titil of bis ini3te of m . . 20874 
He precbid quilis he was onli . . . 
Namlic in J)ir landis fine, 
Capadoce and Galathi, 
Eitbinia, ande In asi, 20878 

And in a lande hi3t ytalie, 
Jjat nu man clepis lumbardie. 
And of his signis, scort to rede, 
Apon ]>e scaldant se be giede, 20882 
A dede be qwicnid wij) bis scbade 
QmzI be bim forbi walcand glade. 
To fe cnplis he gaue f aim fote, 
To parlesie pam gaue be bote ; 20886 
Ba])e ananian and bis wife, 
For suike be dampnid faim of Hue, 
])at alle ])aim sulde ta saunpil bie 
For to do na man tricherie. 20890 

EDINBURGH 



Simon magt^, J>at iugillure, — ^^f^ 
J)at ledde pe folc wiJ grct erure, 
])at in bim selue was sua pn^e 
He we to fleie oute ou*> pe elude, 
Bot ^ui^ saint Fettris orisune 
Sorfullic ])an fel be dune, — 20896 
Qt^n be of antioche bauid f unde 809QL 
[\)]q kirke, ande graipeli set on grtmde, 
[0]gain ]>is simund be gide. 20903 
[T]o rome at tume misleuand lede, 
[0]f troujje spelland wif outiw spare, 
.... winter was he bisscop ]>are ; 
... X and XXX winter euin 20907 
[Fr]a ibe^u criste was steieb til heuin. 
. . . Home ]>ur3 an ])at bi3t nemn 
[W]as emperure J)an of pe tune, 
[Fo]r pe luue of bis sarmune, 20911 
. . , , pe fete, bis heuid dune, 
[Naijlid on pe rode be wes, 
.... for to bene bim seluiw cbes. 
[Hijs maister he saide to pahn of rome, 
.... ene acht no3t haf al a dom, 
[F]or bene was nojt worJ>i J>ar til ; " 
[Jjjarf ore fai dempt him at bis wil. 20918 
[B]irid his bodi was ]>at tide 20921 
OutwiJ) pe tune on Jest side. 

[De] Paulo 

[P]aul, fat saul bauid firste to nam, 

To quilis be wro3te pe cmtin scam, 
Firste pe iuwis aduocate, 20927 

And si])in he com to postlis state, 
Cald of ihesvL crist fra heuin, 20929 
J)ar be forcastiw herde his steuin. 
WiJ) si3t he felle, and blinde be ras, 
Of chesinge, fetil wro3te he was, 

EDINBURGH 



PAUl. PBEAOHIBD IN MANY COUNTRIES AND DID MANY MIRA0LB8, HB HAD 1605 

SEVEBAL ESOAPES AND WAS BEHEADED AT BOME. 



To J)aim lie firste was werrayure, 
Efh'rward bicom precliure, 20934 
Schepe of wlue, meke of felle, ^Jf;^ 
In chesing laste, f ormast in spelle. 
TKa kith was tars ]}at he bred in, 
Comin of kinde of beniamin, 20938 
pe tofir gier of pe asscenciune, 
Toke he baptim, and gan sarmuro. 
Era he hanid tane ]>a posth'^ hade, 
Was nan sua mikil trauail made, 
(jodis word to spel and sprede 20943 
Amangis alle inisleuaT^d lede. 
Fol mam folc to trou]}e he wan, 
At ien^alem he biganne, 
))ai3 illirike and lumbardie, 20947 
Bijt til he come til hispanie ; 
Of his miraclis sal we neuin, 
Vprefte he was to Jjrid heuin. 
A dai and of a nc^te ])e stuTide 20951 
He was stad at fe seis grunde ; 
A gaste of gHe awai he draue 
pfit in a maidins bodi claue ; 20954 
A childe y&t pxa^ a fal was slain, 
He gaue him line and hel ogain ; 
A ingellor wi]) blindnes he smat. 
To halte of ganging gaue he state ; 
pe neder of wenem sua strange, 20959 
No)te he schumid wi]) hir stawge, 
Bot his hande ar sco was feste, 
He scpk« and in ])e fir hir keste ; 
Man J^at in femr was unfere 20963 
He helid paim. wi)) his praiere. 
Fol man! it was pat torfere, 
pai he gan dreie for dri^tin dere 
Apon his awin fleis ande blode ; 
liist of iuwis pat ai war wode, 20968 

BDINBUBOH 



pat on him werraid ai ynp wa, 20969 
And of pe hai])in folc alsua. 
Mani wrechidhede I talde, 
Trauaile and hungir ]>riste Sknd calde, 
Schipbreking he sufferid ]>rise, Daaftf] 
And anis was he I-beft a tuise. 20974 
A ])usand wa])is at te leste, 
£a]>e mangis man &nd rinnand beste 
In pnsun ofte he lai in wa])e, 
In mirknes and- in bandis ba])e, 20978 
To quilts pe iuwis him bande 
And tiajt him hai])in men in hande. 
He was sua stanid sumkin dai, 
ynne])e he bar pQ Hue awai, 20982 
In lepe ouir was latin dune, 
Harde in presse and in prisune ; 
pui) an ere])edine ])ar was 
J^arwi]) was he latin pas. : 2098 

Sif in at rome undiV nerune, 
Jjat etnperure was of Jie tune, 
For fat he prechid godis worde 
Heuedit he was wi]) dint of suord, 
J^at ilke dai ])at ilke giere, 20991 

Jjate "Petir ma[r]ttrid was his fere ; 
And on pe west halue of ])at cite 
Birid of cristin men was he. 20994 

De Andrea^ [iiatorhand] 

pe frid apostil hi3t Andrew, 

A man of meknes a.nd of thew. 

His name bitaknis for to rede, 20997 

Als fair ouir man of manhede ; 

Ba])e pva^ ^ithie and achaie 

He welc prechande pe cristin lai 

VndiV a tyrand egeas 21001 

Bimdin on a rode he was, 

EDINBURGH 



1606 JAMBS THB GBEATSB; JOHN, THB LOVID OF 0RBI8T, HIS UfE, ITOKKB, 

AND Death. 



Bandin hard wi]) rapis strong, 21003 
To don his pine to lastin lang 
Wi^utin scendin of his blode, 
Foimaste he prechid of ^e rode. 21006 

Hota de lacobo Maiore 

. [Tjohan and lacob pQ mare, 21009 

Zebedie ])ai sonis ware, 
pis lacob prechid wide quare, — %}.^§* 
And sent his letteris .... 
pe land of spaigne in faij^e he . • • 
And mani saiofir of ^e weste 21014 
Of wi^utin ani wite, 
Herode did his heuid smit[e], 
Si]7in was his bodi tane 21017 

And laid in kiste of marbir [stane]. 

[John the Evangelist,'] 

lohan, maidin, iamis bro^ir 
Mare liuid vnp crist ]7an ani o)^[ir], 
J^at sua til him he bar him neste 
J^at he slepe apon his breste j 21022 
And of fat welle of witte he drone, — 
And of resune was nan sua ran . . » 
In spelling he bicom sua wise, 
Als ]703 a flum of paradise. 21026 
J)e grace of godis worde he spredde 
To ])aim ]>at he to la^ hauis .... 
And beste in cristis awin sted 
Als he was of him seluin bed, 21030 
His maistzrs modtr ])are he l£^t 
J)at was decipil to bita3[t] \- 
Maidin kepe to maidin . . • 
Als he anojjjir sone . . . 21034 

In asie spellid ]> . . . 
An emperur don . . . 

EDJNBUROH 



21041 
[Leaves 44 and 45 are 
mucJi ir^ured,] 

21045 



Dide him to 21037 

))ar he was 
pe boke of 
]?at speki 
P&t emp 
In a tu 
FiUid 
Bot 
Foral 
Als wa 
He did 

Of treen 21048 

grouel bi f e seis side ^••J^i^ 
[S]tanis preciuse of pride, 
[An]d eftirward wi]) cmtia maine 
[])a]im tumid to ]>air king ogain. 
[He] raisid fe widu drusiane, 21053 
[])]at was dede and a giu mane ; 
[Y]enim he drone wi]>outin wape, 
[})]& pussund men he raisid ra])e 21056 
[))]at war standede for suilc a dWnc ; 
And quen he lange hauid liuidin suinc, 
EftiV sexti gere ande seuin 
Sin ure lauerd was steich til heuin, 
Ful elde quen ]>at he seich 21061 
His ende dai him nei3and neich, 
Firste he dide his groue to deluen, 
And si])in he laide pann himseluin. 
Qt^n he hauid saide his orisune, 
In ])at groue he laide him dune^ 
Als it es in his stori talde 21067 

His saul to ihegVL criste he gialde. 
In ])e cite of hepehesim ; 
Man wenis far forfare of him 
Hene es nojt dede als mani sais, 
Bot slepand liis he alwais, 21072 

EDINBURGH 



BOn AOOOUMT OF TBM AP08TLB9 PHILIP^ TH01CA8, BABTHOLOIUW, MATHIW, 1607 

AND JAMES THB LB88. 



^t erj^e )>ai sai uxnstuTule 21073 
8 uprisande tra ]>e g^-unde 
lepande andis ofte 
puder oupe on lofte 21076 
aie undtV quike 
wil ii03te nickd 

[Phaip.] 

thsaida 21079 
was alsna 
id lie 
mikil 86 

21083 
le 
lau^rd allan 
him ynp sta» 
eaid pexe 21087 
drijtiii dere 

[Thomas Didymu8,'\ 

e 
For lange he dutid in ])e richte, ^^^ 
J>atheinemo3teno3tetrawi]ih6re, ^^'^ 
Wi]).eie he wa8 made lele truer, 21092 
He prrahid ^are wij» fote he gide 
To pezae ande parih wid folc of mede. 
And to ]»e folc was in hirthane, 
To ^aim of ende and bactnane. 21096 
Faste he so^te ]>ate estarn thede, 
And [nillid in tU hai]>in hede, 
And ^are he len])id his sarmu?^, 
Bituiz and til his passiune. 21100 
In a cite hi^te calamine, 
Of Inde fleislic ))are toke he fine, 
Smitin ^nr^ wi]) a spere, 
And his bodi ee birid ]»ere. 21104 

BDINBUBOH 



DeBart^ pkttriMmd] 

Bar^lomey bom of sulie, 21105 

He prdchid in lichaonie, 
And witnes of mathew we finde. 
Gospel he tumid in tunge of inde. 
And sijiin in a tune albane 21109 
Of mikil armanie was tane, 
And pinid wi]i ful harde paine, 
Forquike ])aihauehis bodifiaine. 21112 

De Matheo ^ p inter ima] 

Mathe, apostil and wongeliste, 21117 

Of leui calde and cosin of criiste, 

Firste he was a publicane 

And si])in of gospellars ane ; 21120 

He spellid firste in iudia, 

Sijjin in macedonia 

For sarmuning of godis worde, 

Man sais he stikid was wi)» suorde. 

He liis in ])e munj of Parthe, 21125 

Of hevin it hauis his sawil parte. 

De laoobo Minora ^pi«ter hud] 

lacob, Alphie bameteme, 21127 

Was ftrste biscop of iert^^lem, 

Ei3twise to cal him was man wone, 

And was ure leuedi sisttr sone, 21130 

QiMirefor man cald him leuedis bro]>tr, 

J^ai war ontinkil ba])e til o])ir. 

Man of soj^efastnes and rijte, 

Sua mikil halines and hi^te, 21134 

pat folc 

Qt^rinne 

In ierz^^l^m 

J)e iuwis 21138 

EDINBURGH 



1608 A GAP. THB SIXTH AGE OF THB WOBLD, THE TOKENS IN WABKIKO Of 

THE DAY OF DOOM. 



Vp opon 
Botfor 
Dane o 



21139 



21141 
ge 21259 

til heuin king 
n bringe 
n endinge 

wangelistis 
nil ])at es cWstis 21264 

[Two leaves are gone between 45 and 
46, a fragment only remaining, so 
tJiat 337 lines here are lost. The 
next 246 lines fill a gap in the 
fourth text, printed on pp. 1237 — 
1251, and are therefore not repeated 
here.] 

De adventu iomim ante ludicinm 

Sex eldis haue we bro3te in pl[ace] 
pe sexte es calde fe time of grace, ^[S*i^' 
Jjate bigan ate cr/stis come, 21849 
And lastis to J>e dai of dome. 
Quen for to be, fate wate na maw, 
He sale al ende fate al biga72ne,21852 
For quew he firste J>e werlde wro^t, 
Ai for to stande lie ne made it no^t. 
Jje t^eme he sette at ende it in, 
Mai it nemV out omV rinne. 21856 
Jjate mai na man wite in lede 
But his awin lauerd hede, 
Bot bi takins fer on dreigh, 
Man wate fat it es neiga^^d nei^ ; 
Of fir taknis fat ic of sai 21861 

Manne mai f aim se nu ilka dai, 
j)at ilke fate ihesu seluin teWis, 
In fe boke of fe gospelKs; 21864 

EDINBURGH 



'< Taknis,*' sals he, " sale man se. 
In Bteme, and lande, in sun, and see, 
Mikil on erfe sale be fe f range, 21867 - 
])at sal be f e men omange, 
For f e se sale rise and. rute, 
Mani man sal dere and dnte, 
Folc fai sale gain of tr rise 21871 
To werrai samin mani wise. 
Hunger and qualme, B.nd nede eno) 
In erfe sal rise for mannis woj, 
MiVil wa sal taim bitide, 21875 . 

J)ate fat time set es for to bide.** 
J5i signis se we ilke daw. 
If we cuf e us seluin knaw, 
He sendis us f is in wami^ig, 
For to be war gain his coming. 21880 
Of ure salu for to be fuse, 
Ogain fat come fat es sa cruse. 
Bot ai f e ma taknis fat we se, 
Ai fe werre wamisit er we, 21884 
)5ate we ne wil no^te be wamiste, 
J)are of him qwainis ihe^u cmte. 
Quarfore fat ilke creature Deaf 47, bk,coi.i] 
Eft/r f e state of his nature, 21888 
BettiV his maker knawis fan man. 21891 
Alias ! quat mai we saie f anne 
Til him quen he sale be iustis, 21893 
Of ure fainte and ure fals seruise 1 
And he gan us, sa meke and minde. 
Sua mikil luuis naf ing als ur kinde, 
Ande giuin us hauls sa mikil ur wil, 
Jjate we him werrai ai wif ille. 21898 
})e bestis dumbe, linis and beris, 
Alle liuand f ing on sere maneres 
Dos fair deuer, na scumis no^te, 21901 
Thankande f e maker fate f aim wro3te. 

EDINBURGH 



MAN LIKBB 8TOBIES BETTER THAX 

AND SEASONS FOR 



, BCT I GITS TOU WARNINGS 1G09 
KBADT FOR I>001l::iDAT. 



Heoiii ande erj^e, and snn and meme^ 
And al j^at in J^is weide es done, 
J>ai sesmin alle apon jnur vise, 21905 
And man wijxlrawis bim his s^roise. 
Sua filde of conaitis es he 
pot he ne of god hams na pite. 
l£kil len^ war him to here 21909 
Hu Toland inste^ and oliae[re]. 
Or one a roteioigne lede a rone, 
pan of me lanerde passinne ^j^^^^ 
pat he soiSmd wij> gret despite, 21913 
Fia pine of helle to mac os quite ! 
Qm er we fan sua prode and halde, 
lAlle sal we dei, ha)»e giiige and aide, 
Es nan hams of him selnin walde,^ 
Ciiste hams til him nr daiis salde, 
pe daiis ])at we ne mai no^te scap, 
Dede sal ns mgge nntil his rape. 21920 
Qfiosnm bifoie wil no3te he-war. 
He ne sale finde fsai nan eftt'r char, 
Fal iUir haile es giuin ns witte, 
Bot if me Hue be led wit itte. 21924 
Wip el and ere ]>e so)»e we wate, 
And nemr fe betttr it es nre state ; 
)m]3. wamising of oyfr wrake, 21927 
Yimepe wil ani sampil take, Oaf «] 
J£ ani wamiste be mnquile. 
It sal him lasts fal litil qutle. 
For if it be at nndome tide. 
It sal nochte to ]>e none abide, 21932 
pvaq ]ns wr^che werde delite, 
pai entr awaiward se we wite. 
Quot bote es it sua fast to froiste 
)}at we ne mai neutr of be traiste 1 
If we yaxof hane hald nmquile, 
^t es OS ginin bot for a gile, 21938 

SDINBUBOH 



Quen fn beste wenis to haae all^, 
Fra alle fan sal tn litest fall^. 21940 
It es fallni'id, als ic hane tcMe, 
Alwais to it be fiilli felde : 
parf&K for cn'ste fan p^reche I gia. 
And namlie for gim^ awin pm, 21944 
))at gie Jrate in f is lac es lend, 
Hanis euir foyte ap*>n gim* e«de, 
))at gie it for giar heoi/i chese, 21947 
Ande soa fe ri^te heuin for to bilese. 
For ouf i'r of f aim we m^jste forga. 
For mai na man haae heaenis tna, 
Haae hiere als his fieis mai like,21951 
)}at eftirwarde fe sawil haue slik^, 
EettiV es here wif stand nr wille 
)>ate we mai fare it al fiilfille. 
pi3 line is no^te an nre of dai 
Ogain fat fat es lastand ai. 21956 
Al fat I sai es a resmie, 
)>ate we alwaise be redi bone, 
Bedi ai gain his coming, 
))at ilke dai we se takning. 21960 
His firste come it was fal smefe, 
pe tof ir sal be fal rach and refe ; 
His firste come was us al to qi/^rme, 
pe tofer sal be ns alle to deme ; 21964 
In fe first himselae come dempte to be, 
pe toy ir demest^ selue sale be. 
Of f is come sale be taknis sere, ^j^ • 
Bifore comande fat gie sale here 
TVifoutin fat we se alwaise, 21969 
Ai risand mare of gret unpaise ; 
For qni of alle fare sal an rise, 
pat mast sal do cristin men to grise, 
pat al f is werde on lenfe and brede. 
Sale sende his wickidnes to sprede. 

£DI2!«BI:BGH 



1610 ANTIOHRIST WILL RAISB FALSB GODS AND RELIGIONS. 

BIRTH AND ORIGIN OUT OF TRUS BOOKS. 



Z TELL TOU HII 



[0/ ArdichrisL] 

pat antecnst of dauis sede, 21975 

Sum ping es of forto rede. 

He ^t sua filde of godis grame, 

QKOifore lie sal haue suilc a name, 

For]>i es he calde antecnste, 21979 

For he sal be gain ihegn criste, 

Ogainis criste ]>ate es to sale, 

For gain his werke he sal werrai. 

Grist come meke al in his tide, 21983 

He sale come repQ raisid in pWde ; 

Grist come to do ]>e lach to rise, 

pQ sinful for to mac richtwise, 

Bot he sal cum ]>e meke to feUe, 

pe sinful raise sua sais fe spel. 21988 

Alle god thev wi]) m^te &nd main, 

He sale werrai ])aim ogaine, 

j)e gospel and haH wn'tte. 

He sal fordon wa worJ>e his wit ! 

He sal do rise al maumetterie, 21993 

And clepin hiTTi-selue god almi^tie. 

\)ia antecnst hauls hauid ful fele 

)5ate til his seruise hauls ben lele, 

Alle antioke domisiane, 

And nu far es welmani ane; 21998 

For qwatkin man summe euer it es 

Out of J)e rewil of rijtwisnes, 

Of lawid or of religiune, 

Or clerk, or munc, or canune, 22002 

And werrais J>ate fa sulde wer. 

Of antecn'ste Jje nam J>ai here. 

Nu sale gie here I sale giu rede, 

Hu J)ate antecnste sale brede, P^^* J*» 

'Na, finge na sale I feigne new, 

Bot J>ate I finde in bokis trev. 22008 

EDINBURGH 



\)ir derkifl teUts fat ar wise^ 22009 
J^ate he of iuwis kinde sale zise^ 
And of fe kinde man clepis daii| 
])at prophete mas of fxiB his man. 
** Dane," he saise, '< nedder in stsete^ 
Waitand hors to stai^ge in fete^ 22014 
To do pe ridtr faUe bi wai, 
]?ate alse mikil es for to sai, 
Bi wai alse neddtr sale he sete^ 
pat alle pe men pat he mai wite 22018 
Eidand in p& renle of richte, 
He sal taim smite and do palm ^ta; 
He sal taim giue ful atttri dinte, 
Oute of pair trau]>e paim for to stisile." 
Of fader and moder he sal be baniB^ 
Als opir men was him bifome, 22024 
Bituix a man ande a wommane, 



Nojte of a maidin aUane ESS.'Si*' 
Als it foU talde of summe; v^^^ 



Bituix a biscop ande a nunne, 22028 
Bot of a bisimer bereme and haer bald. 
And getin of a glutun scalde, 
J^ate ]>ate ]>are mai be na fuler tuin. 
He sale alle be getin m Bmne, 22032 
Getin in sinne and borne in pli3te, 
Ou^V alle he sal be maladichte. 
In his geting pQ fende of helle, 22035 
Sal crepe his mod^r in to duelle, 
Maister of errure ande of pnde, 
J^arin he sale his bir])e abida 
J503 he be nu in prtsun bundin, 22039 
[As it] in hali [writt es] f undin,^ 
]pat sainte gregore Bobiin wrc^te, 
J^arfore he sais bene lesis no3te. 22042 
i)e kind of str6n])e at he hauid are, 
])och ]7an his mi^te be latin mare, 

XDIKBUROa 



iHTICHRIST IS BOUND FOB 1000 TEAB8, AFTEB THAT HB WILL BB LOOSBD. 1611 

HIS BIBTH INTO THl WORLD, AND NOUBIBflMBNT. 



' ^JftX Ida xni^te es nojt nu sa knawin, 

- "Ut lanerd hauls don al for his awin, 
^paL% if he micht, alle walde he quelle ; 
FoT^ bundin he hauis ])ate felle. 

He sale be lesid ^an of bande, ^^ftf^' 
And mikil wa sal wiike in lande. 
Jjaa es he, ^te soiful diinge, 22051 
We rede in bobe boke of schawi/tg. 

- An angel, saise he, I sach ledande 
, yrip a mikn keigne in hande, 

An bar kaie of the mikil pitte, 22055 
J^ sais saint lohane in hali wn'tte. 
To ye drogune sui]) he wanne, 
~ • J^t man callis deidl and satan^ 22058 
And in )at pitte him spend f aste, 
To-qt(tle a thusande gier to laste, 
For to be laisid at te laste 22061 
Quen y&t an thusand gier war paste, 
To wale his waiis forjye tra ]}at qutle, 
Mani man for to bigile. 22064 

pe king of pride yia ilke es he. 
And euir it sale him foluande be ; 
And als it in ur leuedi li^te, — 22067 
pQ hall gaste pvi) godis mijte, — 
And umblaide hir ynp his leme 
To brede )ate blisfol bameteme, 
JM al peA bir]>e sco ]yar sulde brede 
' Suld hali be of his godhede ; 22072 
Bajte sua fe deuil sale d6sce72de. 
In antecrtstes modir lends, 
To fille ^ate caitine sua unclene, 
And umbilai hir al bidene, 22076 
Al in his wille hir to receiue. 
And don hir ^uj^ a manne conceiue, 
l>at al ^at bir^ ^at tare es borne. 
Be wicke and Ms and felura lome» 

SDINBUBGH 



Forfi his name es calde wif "ri^te 
Of tinsil sun, fst maladichte ! 22082 
For al fate he mai wirke farto, 
Alle mannis kinde he sale fordo. 
Of his gating I talde giu are, 22085 
Of his birfe sale I telle giu qt^are. 
For als fate mate himseluiw chese Pf «] 
Be borne in bethlem for ure ese, 
His manhed for to bringe in plac 
Jjat he toke for us wif his grace, 
Ei3t suale f e fend him fisse 22091 
Chiesin stede of birf e I wisse, 
]^ate beste es stiglid til his stalle, 
Qz^are es fe rote of iuelis alle, 22094 
]^are leste of god man makis min 
J5e tune of babilon wifinne. 
Jjis tune was quilum chef of pers. 
Of mani ofir alsua diners, 22098 

A tune of selcuf e mikil pnde, 
Heuid of maumetrie fat tide ; 
Bethsaida and coroziaym, 
]^ir tua cite sale fostnn him. 22102 
Yr lauerd he snaipis fir ij. tunis. 
And ^ti8 he sais in his sarmunis. 

" Coroazim ai be f e waa ! PJre"ft"out? 
And sua be f e ai bethsaida^ !" 22106 
IToriste him sale of enchanteors, 22111 
Of nigromance and of guglurs. 
Of alle maner of craftis iUe, 
Of alle falsed f ai sale him fille, 
pe wickid gastis his wiens. 
Him folwand in alle his afferis. 22116 
To iurselem sale he sif in fare, 
Alle fate he cristin find is fare 
If f ai wil no^te turne til his lare, 
He sal taim sla wif outin spare. 22120 

BDINBUROH 



1612 ANTICHRIST WILL PREACH AND WORK WONDERS, BUT IT WILL BB CRAR 
AND JUGGLERY. HE WILL DRAW MEN FROM THE TRUTH WITH RICHES. 



And in ]}e teiupil salamon 22121 

]^an sale ]}ate trature set his trone, 
pai al was felde lange 8i])in gane, 
He sale do raisid efte of stane. 
Circumcise fare him he saUe, 22125 
And godis suti him do to calle. 
pe grete kaisers and ])e kingis, 
And alle suilc o\fir lauerdingis, 
Torne ])ai sale til him titeste, 22129 
And sij)in ])ar opir fat er leste. 
Ou?V alle fate cnsteeswonte to ga, ^J^^ ' 
He faim sale ouiVgange alsua, 
Bot fiiste he sale do destriu 22133 
Jjat halgied was of ure ihe^u. 
Sif in omV alle fis werde wide, 
He sale send sand wif mikil pnde, 
His prech?^rs for to spelle his wille, 
Al for fe cnstin lach to spille. 22138 
Fra se to se fra north to suthe, 
He sale do mac his sarmuw cuf e, 
He sale do mani signe to sene, 22141 
J?at man bifor ofte hauls no3t sene ; 
Thoner of lofte falle salle he gere, 
And ties braf eli blomis here ; 
Brafeli to do f e se be ref e, 
And brafli do it to be smefe. 22146 
Of fingis sere fair natwris 
Turnid be in sere figuris, 
Gain kinde, and wife f e deuil^s craft, 
\)Q burnis for to rinne obafte, 22150 
j)e winde to don ruchli to rise, 
Jje stormis do man sare to grise ; 
To raise f e dede for mawnis si3te, 
Sua secufli to schau his mi3te, 22154 
Jjat if be mo3te ur lauerd tholinge, 
He sale until errur bringe. 

EDINBURGH 



Bot alle selcuf e signis wro^i wif art^ 
Of sofefastnes sale haue na parte; 
Wif iugilrie f ai sale be wiojte, 22159 
And fantum be ande elli9 no^te. 
Als simon msigus in his quile 
Ei3t sua sale f e folc bigile, 22163 
Als he dide wif sli crafte til ane, 
He sloch a schipe vrend him haue shoL 
pe god sale se suilc be wro^te, 22165 
]^ai sale be studiand in fair f 03te, 
Qi^f 2r fate he be cn'ste ouir nai, 
Jjate f ai here of f e scn'pture sai 
"Na. es na land fat man can neuin, 
Yndir fe rofe of cnstis heuiii,P^jj*^' 
]^ate he ne sale do f aim to be sodite^^ 
To bring f e crtstin men to nochte. 
He sale himseluin do to rise <2217S 
On gain f e lele in f rin wise, 
]^at es to sai, wif gifte, wif awe, 
And wif grete signes for to schau. 
Jjai at in his trouf e wil be hold,22177 
Sale plente haue of siluer awe? golde, 
For alle fa hordis fat ar hidde, 
Sale halic in his time be kide. 
Jjate bene mani no3t wif giftis drawe 
Til his trouf e, he sale wif awe ; 22182 
And f aa fat he ne mai no3t wif drede, 
Wif signis sal he fawde to spede ; 
And qua ne wil nochte bileue hiTn sua, 
He sal taim wirke ful milril wa,22186 
Mani sorful pine to dreie. 
And sif in drerilic do deie. 
]?an sal tare rise in fat siquare 
A soru suilc was neuir are, 22190 
Sin man was made bituix and fan 
And sine f e werde it firste bigan. 

EDINBURGH 



BE WILL BE GREAT BORROW IN THOSE DATS, BUT OUR LORD WILL 1613 
)RTEN THEM. ROME WILL BE UPSET AND FRANCE WILL BE LORD OF ALL. 



sal tai fle pate wald be hid, 
I to >e feUi9 sal tai bidde, 22194 
illis falle apon us dune, 
lidih us £ra ])is felune." 
L he ])at in his hus es stad, 
time sale he be sa radde, 22198 
dr sal him reke quar out to wiw, 
3ileue al his werdis winne 
rondin be sa sale he stecke 
r hoghe to lepe his hals to breke. 
sale aUe f&, scortli to sai, 22203 
hindin lele in godis laie, 
ir ihegxi criste forsake, 
ind/rlie sua waful wrake, 
) irin, or fire, or att^ beste, 
pai Guir ]}ai mac hardeste ; 22208 
L sua wij) sere msjier of pine, 
iriste jyai sale haue blisful pvin, 
dreri time ])ate gie of here, 22211 
► lastand be halue pridde gier ; ^{^» 
his derhngis, pe stori saise, ^^'^^ 
lauerd sale do to scorte ]}e dais, 
if ])e daiis ne scortid were 
fQ sulde ani fleis be fere. 22216 
ime of p\a antecrtstis come, 
I of uj lauerdis dai of dome, 
it paul pus sais in his sarmuns 
)e folc of pa tessaluns, 22220 

if descenciuns bitide, 
I he be comin pe child of pnde 
) es hot if discorde &nd stnue, 
y alle pis werde be runnin rif, 
; sarezinis a,nd antecnst, 22225 
come sale bide ur lauerd cnste. 
wate bape pur3 stori and vers, 
pe kinrikis of grece a,nd pers 

EDINBURGH 



War heuid kinrikis in forme tide, 

Wip pouste flurist mast &nd pn'de ; 

And sipin was rome atte last, 22231 

Of alle par opiV ouir maste, 

paie pare suld na lede of land 

J5at rome ne sulde haue undiV hawd ; 

]^at alle folc to rome sz^ld held, 22235 

And trMwage als til heuid gielde. 

Sainte pauil sais for pis resuw 

paie first sale be descenciune, 22238 

Are anfecn'ste sal cum in hande, 

]?at es pus gate ate undirstande ; 

Bote alle kinrikis at ro7w was midir 

Era lauerdhede of Eome paim Bundir, 

Jjat first ware undir romis aw, 22243 

]?antecnst him sal no3t schaw. 

Jjis tid no^te giete of romanie, 

For poch it stroid es geret partie, 

Ai quilw pe frenchis kingis isse 22247 

Jjate ach pe empere of rome to wie[ss]e, 

Of rome pempire pe dignite 

I^a ma na wai al periste be, 

For in pa kingis sale it sta^^de 

Ai quili^ pat tai are lastande. 22252 

Vr maistns telK* us of pis chande, 

]^ate pare sale be a king o france, 

Jjate of pe romain sal empir 

Hali lauerd be and sire ; [leaf 5o] 

He sale ben in pe laste daiis, 22257 

pe maste king of alle, it saise, 

Bape pan sale he be pe maste. 

And of opir alle pe laste. 22260 

]?is king sale be unset wip sele, 

Efttr pate he haue regnid wele. 

J)at his rigning es brote til ende 

To iert^^alem sale he wende, 22264 

EDINBURGH 



1614 AimOHEIST WILL COMB AND BBt HIMSELF UP FOB WO^BHIF, MAIIM 
BELIEVE THAT HE IS OHBIST. THE SIBYL'S FBOPHBOIEB. 



]^are sale he ba])e gield up of hande. 
His corim and his kingis wande 22266 
Do ihe^u cn'ste xir derc dri^tine ; 
Sua sale kinrikrike of crtstin fine, 
And alsna of ]»empire of rome. 
])an sale sone Jyantecnste come 22270 
Efbir sainte paul ])a postil sais. 
He sale him scawin in ]}a daiis, 
])ate sinful man wij^outin make I 
))ate sorf ul sune ande ful of wrake ! 
pe warlawis awin childe to wiUe 
His wrangis werkis to fulfille. 22276 
He sale be schalde his awin sone, 
Alle wickidnes in him to wone, 
Alio falsed and alle felunie, 
Ande al tresune sale in him lie. 22280 
He sale him raise sua heie on hi^te, 
])ate man sale wene ]»ate he es dn3te ; 
Him-selue sale do to raisin him 
Ou?r godis alle of |)a aide time, 22284 
Ouir hxpiter and ampoline, 
Jjate godis ware of sarezin, 
Heier fan fir he sale him here, 
For he sale be wel mistier. 22288 
He sale man don him for to rose 
Omr alle fat man to worscip dose, 
Oute omr fat hali trinite 
Jjate achte ouir alle worschippid be. 
In fe tempil sale he site, 22293 

And do men falsli for to wite 
Jjat he es fat ilke criste to lete, 
Jjat hi3te f aim was f ur3 prophe[te.] 
Jjare sale he do him ciVcumsise, 22297 
And muTzstrance make of his maistris, 
** Ic am fat cn'ste," fan sale he sai, PJ% 
" J)at giu was hi3te for mani dai, 22300 

EDINBURGH 



Nu am ic comin al for gioi liele,'' 
))us sale he to f e iuwis meLe^ 223Qi 
'' Cominne ic am to gadu" giu 
pai hauls ben scailid ai to mL" 
pe iuwis sale scortin ^air cofuailfl^ 
And tume faim til his troa}»e al hate; . 
pel sale wene crtste at undii&iiga^ 
And receiue fe geiad strange. 223W 
Als criste hauls to fa iuwis bald, 
In his gospel forwif talde. 
*' I come in mi f adtris name^ 
And gie me soke wi^ mikil grome^ 
If anoftr come in his awin, 22318 
Ful sone gie sal til him be drawbu 
Als sibil sais in hir spelling, 
]^ate in time of f is foisaide king, 
Constans man sale him depin in l[edB^ 
He sale haue mikil lauerd-hed 22318 
Of romanie B.nd aUe fe empire, 
And grece he sale be sire. 
A mikil man, of stature heie, 
Fair in facune for to seie, 22322 

Liuid wele wif outin lame, 
Wif outin laste al his liccame. 
Mikil richeis fan sale be, 22325 

pe erf e sale giue of fruite pl[ente] ; 
pe mette of quete als it es t[alde]. 
For a peni it sale be salde. 
Wine and oile fate ilke pris. 
])an sale &a norf e a folc ris 22330 
psit Alisander sperid in gog. 
And in a land fate hatte m[agog], 
])at fule folc na muf e m • . . 
Of fair numbiV it es sa fele 22334 
pi8 ilke f orsaide un lawis .... 
Omr alle landis sal tanne • . . • 

EDINBURGH 



[ 



JVBB BO]CAl!r,i:iNO VILL OONQUEB THB NOBTHERN FBOPLB. ENOOH AND ELIJAH. 1615 
▲FTBB 2i TEABS OHBIST WILL JUDGE ANTICHRIST AND HIGHAEL WILL SLAY HIM. 



And do J»e men to diede tu . . '. . . 
1^0 feUifl fle to liide ]}aim . . . 22338 

M^MHim fleiB sal tai no^te 

Eb na mete ]«i sale giem mare, ^^'^^^ 
Hon and asse wimmen said bam. 
Sale nane haue mi^te ])air wil to wame. 
Bot at te laste pe lomain king 22343 
Sale of liisse oste ma gret gad/ring. 
He sale bnnge ]}aim alle to gn^nde, 
And atte laste yahn. alle confimdey 
Gain SaieKins grete werreur, 22347 
Ba^ destroi faim tune and toie, 
Of mamnettne fair templis alle ; 
And to baptim he sal faim calle. 
To tarne to cnste fat sched his blod, 
In templis he sale lais his rode. 22352 
Quen ])ate ^is ilke du3ti diinge 
Sale haue an hunderit vrinter long 
Ben and adi, ]}aime sale he fare 
To iurselem als talde es are, 22356 
And gielde up pare his diademe 
To faXe lau^rd ^te alle sale deme, 
pe cnistin Idniike to him gielde 
To ieiOf ])ate hanis alle to welde. 
Tna prophetis sale cum in hii, 22361 
J^te es enok and ely, 
pais gain passaute of an^ecnste 
Sale do fe Mb to be wamiste. 22364 
He sale teche yaim alle fe n^tOy 
And str^njdn paim ogain pat si^te, 
}>e iuwis sale conuerte als it sais, 
Alle ^te fiindin bes pa daiis, 22368 
Quen pai fulfild haue pair seruise, 
jHmteonste sale gain paim rise, 
)>e boke of schauing ieVLis sua, 
|)ate he sale paim bape sla. 22372 

BDINBUBGH 



[Q]ti6n pai haue ben dede ii daiis, 
[T]o liue our lauerd sal taim raise. 
[J)]are ofir alle he mai omrreke 22375 
, . , p swerde he sale apon paim wreke, 
• ... do paim to cnste renai 
.... pai sale here pair life awaL 
Alle patehetruin him sale geme, ^l^;^' 
In frunte pai sale pe takin heme. 
Bot quen pat ilke warlawis brede 
His caitifte haue ii gier kidde, 22382 
Tua gier and an halue parte, 
Wip alle pe drouing he mai do 
Omr alle pis werde on lewpe and brede, 
I^amli gain pe en'stin lede ; 22386 
Jjat alle pate wel him sale wipstawd 
Sale coruwd be to liue lastande; 
]?an sale ur lauerd apon him sende, 
His dome pate him sale driue til ende ; 
For crwtis come sale be sa brichte 
Jjate purj pate mikil lauerdis l[icht] 
Him sale ofstande sa mikil awe, 22393 
\)&te alle pe filpis of his mawe 
Sale briste oute ate his hindwin, 
For drede he sale haue of dn^tine. 
Sua sale he pens alle bischitin, 
Bape wip dred and soru bitin. 22398 
And optr maisters no3t forpi 
Jjate folwis pe worde of gregori, 
Sais sainte michel sale him quelle. 
In papilon pate ilke felle, 22402 

In pat stede in his awin stalle ; 
pate pis be sope wele mai falle, 
For if sainte mikel come to place^ 
To dome bifore ure lauerdis face, 
Him sla it sale, no3te his uertu, 
Bot ellis purj bidding of iesu. 22408 

EDINBUBOH 



1616 NO ONE KNOWS WHEN WILL BE THE LAST DAT, BUT 1 WILL TELL ^TOU " 
OF THE FIFTEEN SIQNS OF IT AS TOLD BY THE PROPHETS. THE FIBST 8I0V. 



And stabal awe tru als stane, 22409 
]>ate alse sai])e als he be slane, 
Criste sale no3t come his dom to . . • 
Bote we find in daniel, 
Fourti daiis he sal taim giate 
pai fallin ame oute of ])air . . 22414 
Jjui^ foluinge of fate fals prophete 
])ate ])ai inai paim penance bete, 
QueR ])at penance til ende es . 22417 

[This is the end of the volume,'] 

iJk understand al in mi poht, 22418 

Jjat es na man sa wis fat may pieaf i] 

Tel quen sal be fe last day, 

Bot he fat al hauls for to yeme, 

Al es in his wil for to deme, 22422 

]^at last day fat al sal end, 

He gif vs lauerd wit him to lend. 

Of antecWst wrang and woch 

Me fink fat ik haf red i noch. 22426 

[The Fifteen Signs that shall come 
before Domes day.] 

Bot Ine mai nan gat bot I mene 

J)a cruel dayes and fa kene, 

For domesday f ai sal be sene, 

Wit sorful signes ya fiftene ; 22430 

If ye wil list of f aim a f raw, 

I sal you tel of f aim a f raw. 

J)at es na man in erf e sa fell, 

J)at herken herteli wil f is spell 22434 

Of f is wriched werdes end, 

Jjat he ne his lif ach for to mend. 

Gret signes sal our lauerd mak, 

For to schaw f e wik his wrak, 22438 

EDINBURGH 



Als it es tald of ieremie, 22439 

Zorobabel and ysaye ; 
Als ierpnime, fat wel ma^ trowis, 
Telles he fend in f e bok of iuwis, 
Quef er f ai sal hal on raw bitid, 
OmV entdrwall bituix f ai bid, 22444 
]^at yndos he nauf er-quar, 
]^och he was mikel clerk of lar. 
})e jugement a litel are 
pat nan sal of f e felonn spare, 22448 
Sal our lauerd mihtes schaw, 
pai nan it sal in erf e knaw. 
Hider now I bid f aym draw, 
Al fa fat of him standes aw, 22452 
And herken swa fat I sal say, 
])ai bene wend noht hafles away. 
Swa sorful siht was neuiV aa \}ui,tA.t\ 
i]?attimsalbidsaltelofwa. 22456 
}>e first day sal ik red, P/,^^ 22458 
Ful mikel it es al for to dred. 
For far sal fal doun fra f e lift 
Of blodi rayn, a dreri drift, 
Jje erf e sal be al red of hew, 22463 
Na sach man nemr suilk a dew ! 
Childir in moderis wambis, to lie 
"Wit in fair wambes sal f ai crie. 
Wit heye iiote and lude steuin, 22467 
" Merci lauerd ! king of heuin. 
For to be born hafe we noht mint, 
J)ou it lauerd do for to stint. 
Quar-to sold we be bom to day, 
Quen al f ing sal com to way ? " 22472 
Gretand fai sal cal on iesM, 
" Lauerd, Lauerd, hafe merci noue." 
\)e tof er day to bide I wis, c»«c««da] 
It sal be wel wer fan f iis. 22476 

EDINBURGH 



nOKB : IL THB STARS PALL FROM HEAVEN ; III. THE MOON TURNS TO BLOOD ; 1617 
JT. THE BUN TURNS BLAOK j V. BEASTS OBY OUT j VL BUILDINGS AND HILLS FALL. 



))e fltemes ynt l^ayi.bemis leuin 22477 

f aadeH fal £ra ]»e heuin, 

Es xuuL f&t wel fest es of ])aim[al] 

JM it na sal dun ])at day fal, 

And titer sal tai lin on grand 22481 

J)an firslanht dos que»» it es stiutd. 

J)ai sal on er])e rin her and pair 

Wepand, als Jyouli fai men war ; 

Na word fo qaeyer sal faj sune, 

TQ >at )»ai be falin dune, 22486 

Ynto fe abime wit-outen sLht^ 

And fax faj sal haf tint fair liht. 

And worde al blak sum ani col ; 

Lanerd I hou mai we ])is ]}ol, 22490 

]}at es sa soluid in our sin 

And pBx of wil we nemV blin ! 

Efttr fe tua foluis ])e ])rid, [tercuo 

An yxicou]>e dai fan it es kid, 22494 

))at ye mon ])at es sa scheuy 

Quen in fe wazand it es sen, 

Sal bicom red als ani blod, 22497 

))ora dred of hem was don on rod. 

On erj»e doun it sal decend, ^J:^<^ 

Bot ^ar na sal ifc na wiht lend, 

Bot to ]^ se ]»an sal it rin, 22501 

And fax sal scho hir hid wit-in, 

For to fle fe day of awe, 

Quen cmt sal com him for to schawe. 

|>e fer]ye signe after ]}e fre, [Quarita 

Sal be fdl grisli on to se, 22506 

]>at fe Sonne ]>at es sa briht. 

And semis al fia werld of liht, 

It sal bicom J)an ful vnfair, 22509 

Dime and blak sum ani hair, 

Qoen it es fairest on to lok, 

At middai tim als sais ]}e bok, 22512 

102 BDINBUBOH 



Blaken it sal >at ilk time, 22513 

]^at nan ]}ar wit sal se a stime. 

A I lauerd ! ful wa sal be Jyat man 

pat he sal haf na merci fan. 22516 

To faha Jyat ]»at his wret sal ki]}e, 

'Na. sal J)ai nemV fra fan be bli])e. 

[V]gli sal be fe fift dai, [quinta] 

Mar fan ani tong can sai ; - 22520 

Al bestes dumb vnder fe lift, 

Yp ])ai sal fair hefdes lift 

Apon vr lauerd for to cne. 

If ^ai miht spek at ask mercie. 22524 

Eiht to fe er])e sal ]}ai rin 

For drednes far to hid faim in. 

An sal en j)an wit stifer steuiw 

fan nou mai do x or elleuin, 22528 

Al for dred of his coming 

]^at dome sal dem of al fing. 

i>e sext day es red in rune, [Sex]ta 

Quen pis werld bape dai Bind dune. 

Euin elike heye sa worpe alle, 22533 

Jje wallis, touris, pe felles to falle, 

And al pis nou vnder heuin 

Sal be pat day elike al euin 22536 

For drednes of pat demster. 

Jje pais sal al torn into wer, 

Jpe erpe sal quak nemV ar sa fast, Pj*^]* 

Tour and toun dun al to cast, 22540 

Jjat es na vcrk sa Strang, omr wal^ 

J^at it ne doun pat dai sal fal ; 

Wod and wal al doun sal draw 

Of demster pat derful aw. 22544 

Sorful sal be pe sign seuind, sepuma 

Mar pan pe sex pat ic haf neuind. 

Jje tres forcastin sal paim payn 

For to riht pai/n op ogayn, 22548 

EDINBUROH 



1618 VII. TREES WILL TURN UPSIDE DOWN ; Vni. THE SEA WILL RISE TO VBLYU 
AND RETURN ; IX. AND X. WILL BE DREADFUL j THE HEATIH8 WILL PART ASOKDIIL 



Doun fe crop, vpward )>e rote, 22549 

Of iiLir])es pan nan es to mote; 

Ynquemfuli pan sal psi quak, 

]^at al pe erpe it sal to qudk ; 

I^oht a leue on palm sal lest 2255S 

Qxien pat pe gret in tua sal brest. 

Lauerd ! quar sal we pan rest 

Quen nan sal wet quai pam to nest ; 

Al wanis pat tim sal vs wan, 22557 

Bot we ne haf pe grace of an. 

])an bi-houis al folk to deye, 

]^oru sorfnlnes pat pai sal dreye. 

pe ahtand signe it bauis na mak, oouiu 

Ka forwit of sa mikel wrak ; 22562 

Of bir chanel pe se sal rise 

To bid it bot it mai na wise, 

It sal bape brest dal and doun, 

Al pinges for to droun, 22566 

Bot ben fail vs pat bafs it tald, 

J;at es moyses pat aid. 

Op to pe lift ris sal pe se, 

J)ar wit strenket to get entre, 22570 

\)Q fisses pat par in es stad, 

)3at mak vs oft of glad, 

Til erpe?*in wai pan sal pai fle, 22573 

And wen pat god paim may nobt se ; 

Ogayn pe se pan sal it draw, 

Doun fra be lift vnto pe law, P "istus tu 

Yntil hircbannel sal sco twrne, 22577 

And als^ til pay res ilk a burne. jx* 

J;e neynd it sal be cruel and ken, [leaf 2] 

Was nan slik of pa forwit sen, 22580 

Wit speche sal al ping paim men 

Als it wit manes moupe bad ben ; — 

I draw to warand saint austin, 22583 

)?at spekes hoii pis werd sal fin ; — 

EDINUURGH 



))ai sal cri on vr lanerd dribt, 22585 
^* Haf m^rci of ys for pi mibt, 
lAxierd god, pat lastis ay 1 
povL sal Y8 don to wit away. 22588 
To tt^me ogain als nobt ne war ; 
Lau^rd pou lat us nobt foifar." 
pe tend ontnem es for to neuin, x 
p&t es na bagie yndir pe beuin, 22592 
And selue it sal be f erid 
Bain him pat wrobt pe midelerd, 
Als pat V8 telles sain ierome, 22595 
And gregor pat was pape of rome. 
pe selue angeles sal quak unqtrem 
For dout of him pat al sal dem. 
For pan sal quak saint cberubin, 
And alswa sal do serapbin ; 22600 
Ka creature sal lesten plai^ 
Saint peter sal be domb pat dai, 
pai be ne a word dar nobt spek, 
For doubt of demsteris wrek. 22604 
For beuiw be sal depart in sender,— 
And be sal ber it cri to wonder, 
Bape cri SLud brai for dout &nd died, 
" Haf merci ! lauerd ! for nou es ned." 
]?an sal pai pat in bel er glopin, 22609 
Quen libt sal scbine of beuin opin 
pSL warlaues sal walken out, — 
Saint panel sais it es na dout ; 22612 
Herkenes now qwot pai sal say, 
Of dred pai sal baf of pat day. 
" Ihesn, lauerd, pat wroubt vs aa 
In beuid, and sipin tok vs fra, 22616 
We baf it tint wit gret folie ; 
In pis gret ned to pe we crie, 
Jji wricbe banwerk in wa n«rf*.«*-*3 
pat pou of fire vs suff'ers swa, 22620 

EDINBURGH 



GREAT wind; XII. HKAVEN LOCKED OR SHUT UP; XIII. STONES WILL 1619 
DK TOGETHER j XIV. STORMS OF FROST AND SNOW, THUNDER AND LIGHTNING. 



f ])at nou soruis mare 22621 
mir in hel it won was are, 
reld vs again vr ostel now, 
s es reft a.nd we ne wat how, 
vald it vndtrfang ful fain, 22625 
► miht haf vr erd ogain." 
^nes of pe dai elleft, xj 

s na soil J)at it be left ; 
ai sal do for to grise, 22629 

I on ik a sid sal rise, 
st gain o])er sal tai blaw, 
s na ))ing ))at it mai schaw. 
pe sal tai do to rift 22633 

vp out of ])e sted to lift, 
»ueles out sal be fordreuin 
it eipe pat sal be renin, 
air bodis in pat air ; 22637 

Ibt it sal be ful ynfair I 
al pe raynbow decend, 
)W of gall it sal be kend, 
wit pe windes it sal mel, 22641 
paim doun into pe hel, 
dunt pe deueles piderin, 
ir bal al for to brin, 22644 

sal taim bidd to bald paim par, 
erpe to com no mar. 
nn es comen, baf ye sal 22647 
com to be in your bal ; f^^^^^^ 
il tai bigin to m SLud calle ; JSs jf^"*' 
erd fader, god of all.^ 22650 
sift signe of sorful sere, xij 22653 
mibt of him pat al kam stere, 
3 na man in erpe wroht 22655 
sht to lat it out of poht, 
for to mend his lif pe mar, 
?u pat our leuedi bar. 22658 

EDINBURGH 



Heuin it sal be lokin ogain, 22659 

Sal nan be pan pat taim sal qt^ain 

Hougat her nou mai we bend. '^J^^^' 

Quen al ping now draus til end, 

i>Q angels pat in heuin sal be, 22663 

Sal kerel^ don for crtstes knee, p •!•.] 

And sal en marci to pat king 

]^at tai se bow til al ping. 

For pat repenes sal tai be rad, 22667 

Jjai se oxiir al pe werd stad ; 

Quen angel sa sal dred pat pas. 

Of sinful qtiai sal worpe, alias ! 22670 

})e dai thretend sal be to snelle xiij 

Mar pan mannis tong mai tel, 

Of pat sorful gn'sli dawe, 

J^at cnst sal til his schaftis schawe, 

Quen al pe stanis pat er mad 22675 

Vnder pe lift on werd brad, 

Abowen pis erpe a[n]d bi nepin 

Riht vnto pe abime fra heuin, 

Sal smit togider wit sli maht, 

AIs thonir dos wit firin slaht. 22680 

Wit hard dintis mon pai kipe, 

]^at nan hauis euin pan be blipe. 

Wit prawi7^g sal tai samin prist, 

}>Sit al to peois sal tai brist. 22684 

J^es sal be lastand al a dai, 

}>Q signes of pis sorful plai, 

j)Q men pat tat dai sal ouer bid, 

Vnder a fel pai sal habide. 22688 

\)e dai faurtend sal be ful gnlle, xiiij 

Til al pe werd it sal be ille, 

A stormi dai, a strait of awe, 22691 

Bape of frost, and hail, emd snawe. 

])an sal tar com bape thoner SLnd leuin, 

And drone al pat es vnder heuin ; 

EDINBURGH 



1620 XV. THIS MIDDLE-EARTH WILL BXJliN. A TRUMPET BLAST, AND THE JUDGE 
WILL COME ! THE MANNER OF HIS 0< iMINQ, WITH KNIGHTS AND ANGELS. 



])e eludes til pe heuin sal rin 22695 

For to hid |)aiin ))ar-in, 

For to fle ]}at dai sa brem, 

Pskt vr lauerd sal eom to dem. 22698 

Quat sal be pe flf ten dai f xv 

AIb ik haf funden, ik sal sai ; 

Men sais and soje mai it bifal, ^^^x%^^' 

psit it sal ending be of al 22702 

pia medelerdy ful wailewai 1 

Al to noht sal bnn awai, 

pe se als ])at vmlukes ])e land^ 

And al fe watires Jyat rines in stmnd, 

Al sal torn again til noht, 22707 

Als f ai war first ar f ai war wroht, 

Heuin Q/nd er])e to be mad newe, 

))at emV sal be lastand newe. 22710 

Hie YOCQ,ntur orrmes ad Judicinm^ 

J)an sal be herd fe blast of bem, Nota 
pe demster sal com to dem 22712 
Jjat al J)ing of standes awe; pin later hand] 
In qwatkin forme i sal yov sc[ha]we. 
We trow and al aw for to trow, — 
Bot it be sarezin or iow, — 22716 

J)at eftzV his resurrectiouw, 
Jje hei dai of fassensiouw, 
Com iesu til his frendes swete 
Jjat set war to fair met at ette, 22720 
And fai fat war in dred B.nd dout, 
J)ar-of wit trow he broht paim out, 
And sifen op til heuin he stehe, 
Mani man onstand and sehe. 22724 
His discipils for j)is siht, 
Mikel he did pair hert to liht, 
A clud again him sau pai liht 22727 

EDINBURGH 



And bar him vp, was wond^ brihtj 
Yi'jrrai man and god verrai, 22729 
^Al for to deme on domesdai. 
]^at ilke forme com sal he par, 
Jjat he in erpe is croice bar, 22732 
Sua sal he com bot witte wel pan, 
]^at sin pe werd first bigan 
Was nemr sen sa sorful tid, 
Als pat dai sal be for to bide. 22736 
Quen com first his com to kipe, 
Wit mekenes he gan it kipe, 
pat com bape dem and hide Deafs] 
And no bit thone mew to kide. 22740 
His opir coining sal he schaw 
Eichli til al pis verd to knaw, 
Bape heuin and erpe for him sal dred, 
Als ye fowit hauls herd me red. 22744 
It es na cjerk mai writ wit ink, 
"Na moupe to mel, ne hert to pink, 
pe hunderet and pe pousand knihtes 
Sal folu pat lauerd mikel of mihtes, 
Wit him to com al to pis dai, 22749 
Alias quat sal pe sinful sai. 
Vngainand sal be pan his gamin 
Quew he to bn'nne sal se al samin, 
Bape land a7id lipe a7id al pinges, 
])at ani werdische hald withiwges. 
Sorful bes pan pe sinful cher, 22755 
Quew al pan sal pa trompes her ; 
Bifor pe face of pat kaiser 
Angels sal his baner ber, 
Jjat es pe rod he was on sprid, 22759 
Jjat wit vs to Hue hauls led, 
Ou^rcomin pe fend wald al forfar, 
Es na baner he dredis mar. 22762 

EDINBURGH 



I* Hie noto quod in forma qua ascendit veniet Judicare cam cruce ; ruarginal note in later hand.l 



FELLOW-JUDOES WITH CHRIST. ALL SHALL BE AT THE OREAT ASSIZE, 1621 

AND SHALL RISE WHOLE AND SOUND. 



Was neu^ sunne schinand sa clere 

pe tend part, als tat banerl 22764 

Pe b[ri]htiies of ])at croice sa schen, 

OmV al ]>e werd it sal be sene. 

J)us beilik, bot wel heiliker, 

Sal com to dem pe demster. 22768 

At dom lie ne sal noht sitte allan, 

Bot f elawis ofer mani an ; 

Al f& pB.t ])aim-seK sua bowed 

Jiat werdes worschip al for-howid, 

Siluer and gold and ais o lif, 22773 

And Jat fair fleis for him stnf, 

And trauaild ])aim on al wis 

To paien him in his semis, 

And foluis lellik al his lanes ; 22777 

pir men sal be his felawes [lears, coi. 2] 

For to dem ba])e ded and quik, 

Qaep&r fai be god oufer wik. 

Al J^at sal be at ])at asise, 

Al hal ])aimself sal yprise 22782 

In bodi and sauel, al on new wis, 

Al J)oru fe strenket of ])at iustis. 

))at ilk fleis ])at we haf now, 

"We sal ber fan sa sal we trow, 22786 

And of er nan we writen find ; 

J>at of ep trowes, of trowf e er blind, 

Of f is trowf e hard es trowf e to find. 

For qui it semis al again kind 22790 

))at mannis molden fleis and banis, 

Fra tim fat f ai be rotin anis 

Haf pif e a,nd' lif, als f ai hauid ar, 

It semis swa fat nemV mar. 22794 

Herkin qui, 1 sal f e red, 

Bot mistrun fat es na ned, 

Qnen god wil swa, fat vpberis al, 

))at mannis fles to mold to fal, 22798 

EDINBURGH 



^an miht he noht wit his main, 

]?at ilk erf e mak fles ogain? 22800 

He fat it wroht fordos f e fles, 

He makes it eft quen his wil es ; 

He fat dos fles worf e iwto lame. 

Of lam mai fleis wirk^ likam ; t* ^ Jfere?*"' 

A bodi he mai son mak of noht, 

Jjat al f is werd wroht o noht ; 22806 

Forf i es schortli noht fat he 

Xe mai his wil al do to be. 

]Sra duht riht na man in f is ded. 

For trouf e sal do ma/i best to sped, 

Qua dutis he es bar fe mar, 22811 

Of trouf e allan it es f is lar. 

Al mai he do he fat al waldes, 

If f on wil wit of fare eldes, 

]?at tai sal in fat dai ypris, 22815 

Saint Panel on f is vis, — 

\)a, litel and mikel aid Bind yong, 

At fat mikel vprising 

Sal be of eld, als tai sul her, P®*4?;}»f^' 

Haf deyed in eld of xxx yer, 22820 

]?at eld fat mst hauid at his dede 

Que/i he vs broht al fra vr qt^de. 

And if fat ani her liuand 22823 

Was wemmid ouf jV on fot or hand, 

On heuid, on bak, on brest, or side, 

Als we se chancis oft bitide, 

On moufe or nes or elqt^re, 22827 

Or bote apon his bodi bare, 

Cripil, crokil, or twmed on baft, 

Or limis ma gain kindeli craft, 22830 

Jjoru ma or lesse of lim haf last, — 

At f e norising fat sal be last. 

Al fat God hauls chosin till his 

For to be broht in til his blis, 22834 

EDINBURGH 



1622 MANY THINK THAT IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO RISE WHOLE IN THE FLESH. 
BEWAKE OP UNBELIEF IN GOD'S HIOHT I TALE OF MAN, WOLF, AND LION. 



Quat sum |)ai in fia lif haf ben, 22835 

Ka sal na wein on paim bo sen, 

^a sal na])ing bot al fairhed, 

Als we in hali scnpture red. 

Al sal haf riht limes ))ar 22839 

]^ai ah haf, ne les ne mar. 

Bot tak tent quai I sai to |)e. 

Of ]}air stature qt^t it suld be, 

Al of ])air eld of ]^aim ik mele, 22843 

p&t cnst tas for his awen lele. 

\)a.T o\er sal haf faired nan, 

Of al welfe sal taim be wan. 

Of ]}aim it es to tel na tale 22847 

Jjat brewed witouten bote es bale. 

Jje childer Jat er abortiuis, 

]?at es, ])at er noht bom on liuis, 

Sal rise in xxx winter elde, 22851 

To litel bote to f aim or belde. 

For fai ne war noht baptiste i wis, 

JN'a sal tai haf na part of blis, 22854 

\)u mikel maisters sais fat tai 

Mai saved be on nankin wai. 22856 

J)e men fat foru fair awen gilt 22859 

Wit heuedind draht or hanging spilt, 

Jjoru fair feloun and fair sine, '^®co*i'2"^^* 

Wit hondis mast parti etine. 22862 

Mani wenis fat er vnwis 

Jjat tat fles hal suld neu/r ris, 

JN'ou I sal te res an rede, 22865 

And oute of mistrouning you lede ; 

Wit ye wel it es na rihtt 

For to mistroun in godes miht; 22868 

Quat [man] mai wet, qwat man mai ler, 

Quat eye mai se, qwat er mai her 1 

Quat man in erf e mai fink in f oht 1 

Hou al f is werd our lauerd wroht, 

EDINBURGH 



Heuin and erf e al in fair haldes ! 

])at mihti god fat al waldes, 22874 

Qua can sai me hou of a sede 

He dos a hunderet for to bred 1 

\>oxu his wil dos fat mihti kinge 

Out of hard ire to spring 22878 

First f e lef and fan f e flowr, 

And sif in f e froit wit his sauour, 

Ilk fruit in his sesoun. 

Ach we f ar-of to sek reson 22882 

Hou he dos al f ing to nait, 

Certes fat war bot sm&it ; 

]^e mar man swink him far abcmtsi 

Fra sped f e f erre he sal ben outin ; 

A sau?npil sal I schaw far bie Bxmvhm 

J^at I fand of saint gregorie. 22888 

]?ar he was in a sted sumquar, 

A crafti clerk and wis of lar 

And askid him an q?/estioun 

Of an of wolf and a liun, 22892 

And of f e f rid fat was a man, 

Quar of f e tai he f us bigan ; — 

" A man welk f oru a wod his wai, 

J)ar ner f e strete a wolf him lay, 

J)is wolf it was wnmisur of met, 

Al f is mannis fles he ete. 22898 

Alle swif e he swa hauid don 

A hungir lion mett he son, 

Yp and doun his prai secand; [leaf 4.eoL i] 

Quen he na nof iV best ne fand 22902 

J)is wolf he felled d^iid ette him alle, 

Ne left he naf er gret ne smalle. 

Jje lion eftzV deyed in hii, 

Dede far gan his caroin lie, 

And far was rotin al to noht. 

Quar sal now f is man be soht ] 22908 

EDINBURGH 



T WILL MOULD MAN AFRESH, LIKE A POTTER DOES THE CLAY TO 1623 
MAKE A NEW VESSEL. THE TIME AND PLACE OF DOOM. 



ne mai trow on nankin wis 
Ls man mai to lif upris, 22910 
an es ab i wen ])at kan, 
i pat er])e pat com of man 
rj)e pat es bred of best." 

gregOT gaf answer honest, 22914 
of pat man pat was in were 
pe ke scbawid him al cler, 
prouid him wit quik resun, 
b pis resurrecciu7i, 22918 

d his lims hal B.nd fere 
Dm bifor pe demester. 
>ou his bodi war al brint, 
blawen al pe ponder tint, 22922 
nai god gadiV it al agayn 
newin it at his wills ogain ; 

fleis pat was of man 
ast sal be raised pan, 22926 

. be delt in litil wefe, 
ras of best al sal bilefe. 
ape pe tan Skud topiV made, 
bituix paim pan he scahade, 
lalli sal tai risin par, 22931 

sal noht want an hef dis har, 
oht a nail of fot or hand, 
wepir we 'sal wnderstand, 22934 
ail SLud har pat hauis h&ti schom 
Loht al quar pai war bifom ; 
Is potter wit pottes dos 

his new vessel fordos, 22938 
tstis it al in a bal 22941 

\,tir for to mak wit al, 
loht he lokes quilk was qmlk, 
Qakes anopir of pat ilk cn«if 4. 
fairer pan pe first was wroht ; 
sua sal cr?st, ne dout pou noht. 

EDINBURGH 



He pat es lau<^ on erpe and heuin 

Mai of pat ilk seluin euin 22948 

])at first was molten into lam, 

Mak a wel fairer likham. 

And if parof wanted mar or les. 

To mesur als his willes es. 22952 

On paske dai sais saintis sume, 

pskt pe dai of dom sal come, 

p&t dai he wald himseK ris 

He wald vs rais on pat wis ; 22956 

He sal dem at midward pe niht, 

pait ilk tim he send his mihit, 

Yntil Egipte pat folk to qnelle, 

]^at ilke time he herid helle. 22960 

J^at ilke time sal com pat king. 

His lele vntil his blis to bnng. 

pe sted of dom qt^r al sal meet, 

Ys telles loel pe prophete, 22964 

A[n]d pom his moupe vs said drthtin, 

Quen I sal haf merci of min, 

Sal brek pair bandes and pair lace, 

I sal tai?n comfort and solase, 22968 

In vale o iosephat I sail 

Do to be gadired ledis all, 

Jjar sal I you mi dom of ded ; " 

Bot mani man par pai can red, 22972 

War noht pis word I forwit qwape, 

Quat takenes vale of iosephat, 

Omang a hunderet men of wan 

'Ne vndirstandes it noht an. 

Jjai wen pat our lauerd driht 22977 

Sal com vnto pat dai to liht, 

))at iosephat es cald ai qnare, 

Wenis pe dom it sal be pare, 

Vnder pe munt of olivete, 

Als it es nevind of prophete ; 22982 

EDINBURGH 



1624 WB DO NOT ENOW HOW LONG JUDGMENT WILL TAKE. ALL PIOFUI 

SHALL BE DIVIDED IN FOUB BOWS FOB JUDGMENT^ 



Jjai tent allan bot to pe letter, ^^\^ 

And litel es taim |)arfor pe bettere. 

losephat qua giuis entent, 22985 

Bitakenls godis iUgement, 

leromie sais of ^at prophecie, 

]^at iosephat mai signifie 22988 

Vr lauerd dome qua rihti spelles, 

J)at beris ])e word a.nd nafiwg ellis, 

Bot qua wil wite pe sope and riht 

Douw to pe cloudes pat er on hiht, 

In pe air of loft he sal him schaw, 

To don his mihtes for to knaw, 22996 

j)B.T sal we met wit him to lend, 

For euer-mar wit-outen end. 

j)e wikid pat died noht his aw, 

Her doun pai sal be demed law, 23000 

Jjai sal haf na miht vp to win, 

Sa heui carkeded of pair sin ; 

Vp in pe schi pe dom sal be, 

Sua trowes hali kyrk and we. 23004 

Bot es na msL7i sa wis can telle 

Hou lang at dom pat cn'st sal duelle, 

Bot puprising witouten hon, 

Ful swipe Iwis it sal be don, 23008 

Bape sal rise in a litel weie, 

Al pat war ded awcZ pat sal deie. 

Saint austin says inent pat dai 

Es nan can godis consail sai. 23012 

Of dom men clepis it pe dai, 

QuepiV par be ma pan an or nai, 

Ynder name of dai man sal, 

TJndzrstand pe tim pat al 23016 

Sal be demd at pat dom sa Strang, 

Quep/r-sum it last schort quii or lang. 

J)ai pat sal dey brapeli pat tide, 

To bete sal tai na space abide, 23020 

EDINBURGH 



Bot pai pat hauls bot slimes liht 
Sal clengid be al for pe siht 2302^ 
))e fend sal to pat dom be led, 
For pai for him sal be sa red. 
He sal haf dom swa lape to be, ^^ 
])at santis par on him sal se, 
Bape pai dredin sal and grow, 23027 
^a pis na par na man mistrw, 
p&t pan in s[i]nnis liht war tan, 
And 'penance parof don hafs nan. 
For penance sal haf nan oper pine, 
Bot pat dred of pat wipevynn, 23082 
]?at drednes sal be sa vnmete, 23035 
pai it mai al snilk plihtes bete, 
]?at fundin er in dedeli sine, 
Jjai wend to pine witouten bHiu 
At pis dom pat es fowit melt, 
Sal al led in iiij be delt, 23040 

pe god in tuin on his riht hand, 
pe wik in tuin on his lef hand ; 
pe formast raw sal stand him ner, 
Als pat es his dowhti der, 23044 

Jjat al pis werdis werkes forsok. 
And arlik to god paim tok. 
Jjat sinne a,nd sak for him forhuid, 
And bodi and saul til him bued ; 



Went vnto religioun. 



23049 



And did pair bodis i7i prison. 

And swinkid bape dai and niht. 

For to serue vr lauerd driht. 

Gret lauerdschip sal pir be lent,23053 

For qui pai sal of nan be dempt, 

Al pe hali men sal com 

Wit our lauerd vnto pat dom, . 

]N"oht to be dempt, pou sal wit, 

Bot in par setis for to site, 23058 

EDINBURGH 



si's jtti>ombi7T on the second row of the good. 

DIVISIONS OF the WICKED. 



THE TWO 1625 



iBcliip YT latierd to ber, 23059 
als iustis and demater. 
crist es lau[er]d i wis, 
le |)is couenaTzd Mht til his. 
>J)iV raw biside sal ben, 
)e ful loueli on to sen, 23064 
al ben of god cnstin led, 
Lid in ])is lif inani god ded. 
)ouh riches hanid enoh, peafs] 
)r pai til na riches droh, 23068 
swilk als tai hauid in catel * 
lid to poue?* for to del, 
gaf fair hert for luf of med 
edi for to claj)e and fede ; 23072 
Willi war to don, and glad, 
nen of hali kirk Jjaim bad ; 
did wel her pair mis to mewd, 
li trowand at ])air end. 23076 
k man ]7at taim sa bar her, 
om bot god paim sal noht her, 
Liht sal be pair lot pat dai, 
lim ful swetli sal he sai, 23080. 
Dliced folk, bape men &nd wiuis, 
ne war seruawd in yor liuis, 
li greuance ye did me god, 
s hungri, ye gaf me fod ; 23084 
>irsted sar, dnnk ye me broht ; 
)nd I was, and ye me soht ; 
1 1 in sekenes was sar, 
om to comfort mi kar; 23088 
akidhed quen I drow harme, 
af me cleping pat was warme ; 
1 1 was wil a,nd out of rest, 
i tok ye me to rest, 
jre haf serued me sa wel, 
led ye sal haf lastand sel, 23094 

EDINBURGH 



i)Q sel pat ye sal haf to winne, 23095 

For emV sal ye leng parinne." 

Jjan sal pir felauschipes twa 

Led lastand lif for eu/r and a. 

Jjat iesn cn'st mot bring vs to ! 

For in pis werd nis bot vnro, 23100 

Ful wel es him pat won mai par, 

Jjat kipe was neuir cupe to kar. 

Jjar sal stand on his left side, 

Wrichis stad in waful wide, 23104 

And of paim sal men se alswa 

Jjair parti to be delt in twa. 

Lape and st[i]nkand sal tai be, ^^J* 

Sari sorful on to se, 23108 

\)e first range pe mast stinkand, 

Sal be of wriches mistrouand ; 

J5at renaid als traitur and fals, 

Murperers a.nd manswom als, 23112 

Jjat poru corsing or oper pliht. 

Of kirk as tint pe help wit riht. 

Fra comun out cnstin men 

Jja earful sal epe be to ken, 23116 

Jjat in pis lif war won to lie 

In hordom a.nd in licherie, 

Foluand al pair fleis wil. 

And mast paim liked dedis ille 23120 

Witouten reupe or wil to mend ; 

TJnscnuin war pai at pair end, 

Bot deied in sin of dedeli dede, 

Jjir to dem sal be na nede. 

For pai war ar pai com par, 23125 

]?air dom apon paimself bar. 

J5e topir range bes il Inoh, 

Of cnstin fals and ful o woh, 

\)a.t mas taim C7*istin men wit nam. 

And vnder sejniis godis gram. 23130 

EDINBURGH 



M26 THB i3B00ND ROW OF THE WIOKBD, CHRIST'S JUDOMENT UPON THU^ 

ACCORDING TO REVELATIONS. THE PIT OF HELL. 



Falslik es he cnstin cald, 23131 

)^t cn'stis lawis wil noht bald, 

Fals it es p&i lufe to knaw, 

))at nauthiV ])at wil for luf ne au 

Do pat suld be bim to qnem, 23135 

Quar-wit man mibt bimseluin yem, 

Bot in pride and tncberi. 

In ni])e and ene-st and lichen, 

And in ynteUand sinnis felle, 23139 

pe hnnderet parte es noht to mel, 

pai ma?? ribt now bis lif in ledis, 

Sa dugid in J>air wik dedis. 

On ilka sid ])an gadzV \>Bi, 23143 

Bot litel beres pe pouer awai, 

])ai es sa gned pat tai ne mai spar, 

For to gif paim les ne mar. 23146 

be couaitis, for sope to telle, '^®*^?;{^* 

Hauis mani sauil browht til belle, 

Bisweld it hauis pis werd at weld, 

Vnnepis sal man find an in eld 23150 

)3at wel wil serif him of pis sak 

"Ne for na consail mendis tak. 

Wit ye forsope al pat are schilke 

))ai sal be demd al wit the wike, 

To mikel soru and site to paim, 23155 

))at al pis werd paim mai noht raim. 

Wit mikel wret Q.nd awful cher, 

Vr lauerd sal sai pat pai mai her, 

" Do fles hethin, ye malediht ! 23159 

Vnto mi rik haf ye na ribt. 

Oft I was wit malis met, 

Bot for yow ne was neu/r pe bet ; 

In buwgiV oft saw ye me, 23163 

J)ar of ne hauid ye na pite. 

Gas to pe deuil, par sal ye ga, 

For to wel wit in him wa, 23166 

EDINBURGH 



EuiV wit-ine his wa to welle^ 33187 

Wit him and bis pat «r vi helle." 

A ! lauerd, wat bewar wis pat moht 

Stedfast luOd pis dai in poht ! 2817S 

To fngied pat tai nentV mar 

To-qmlis pat he liuand war. 

For pan mund he mak her his wai, 

Fra wak to wer him of pat dai ; 23180 

Fra pat dai forpe pu ahe to mine, 

Sal nemV fra bodi sauil tuin, 

For god and ille togidirs ar, 

J5ai wrohtin ar pai twinned war.23184 

Togiders aal tai tak alswa, 

J^air worpi med in wel or wa, 

Aupir heuin or hel pin, 

Wit satanas pat wipirwin, 23188 

pe fra pe iugement be mad 

Sal casti?^ be, witoutin bad. 

In a stiTikand stank of fire ; 

pBLT sal be yoldin him his hire, 23192 

Als sais pe boke of priuete [if 5,bk,coL2] 

pB,t to sai/zt Ion was scawid to se. 

[Description of Hell and its Nine Pains.] 

And qui pat stinkarad stank es cald, 
pan es resuTi, qua-sum wil bald ; 
Stank es als men sals vmstunt 23197 
Sa dep pat par-on es na grund, 
Al swa pe pitte of belle pin 
It es sa dep, wit-outew fin, 
];at end ne bes par neuir apon, 
A stank it cald es of sain Ion. 23202 
He pat es duked anis dun, 
Comis neuiV out of that prison ; 
pe fir pat par es for to brinne, 
NeuiV mar ne mai it blin. 23206 

EDINBURGH 



?TION OF THE NIKB PAINS OP HELL. THERE ARE NINE PAINS 1627 
BECAUSE NINE ORDERS OF ANQELS FELL. 



es principal es tar, 23207 

it vs neuVr fidir far ! 

it es pe fire sa hate, 
l^e mikel se sa hate, 23210 

t it war castin ])ar-ine, 
i it neuir pe les hrine ; 
vr fir ne mai no mar 
l^at fir ])at hr/nnes tar, 23214 
intid fire gain ouris moht, 
)7i a wah war wroht ; 

bnnnes dai and niht, 
mr mar it castis liht. 23218 
I pin es cald sa ken, 
Tznis muj)e ne mai noht men, 
1 a fir in f el war mad, 
)ra a chance ])ar in to slad, 
)u moht turn fin hawd ahout, 
worise wit-outen dout. 23224 
[ pin es hard to drey, 
mis fat sal neuir dey, 
idis and dragouns baf e 
apow to lok ful laf e, 23228 
acsuw on to her and se, 
I es taim fat tar sal be ; 

se fische in water swime, 
I fai in fat low sa dime. 23232 
•e pin it es of stink, peaf e] 

i na man sa mikel fink. 
■8 vndemenes of dint, 
wriches far sal hint, 23236 
war dintes of a stif i 
if is smitis in fair smif i ; 
tis er fnl fers and fel, 

fain erf e of ynn meL 
\, pin es noht to schap, 23241 
Ik mirkenes fat man mai grap ; 

EDINBURGH 



Sa wondiV f ik far sal it be, 23243 

pe man ne mai on of er se. 

j>e vij senchip al for fair sin. 

And scham lastand fat nemr sal bliw, 

For far til sal ilkan haf siht 23247 

To se senchip on of eris pliht. 

})e ahtand pin it es sa gnse, 

To se fa warlauis in fair wise, 

Strang pin es on faim to lok, 23251 

And nameli laf e vnto fair croke ; 

)3at dreri din, fat balful berre, 

J)at ta witoutin stint sal here. 

Of fa wepand in fat wa, 23255 

J?at sal taim last for enir and aa. 

Tirin bandis es f e niinde, 

Als we in hali write finde, 23258 

)3at al fair lim es bondin wit, 

Wit-outin lef e of ani life. 

Eot a point es faim pinis mar, 

J)an ellis al fair of ir car, 23262 

j)Bi wate fair pin sal haf nan end, 

For fai mai haf na miht to me?2d. 

And qui far es fir pinis ix, 

Her now f e skil of ilka pin ; 23266 

Nein ordird angels fai forsok 

Quen fai f aim to f e warlau tok, 

))ar-for sal tai pinid be, 

Wit fa pinis, sex and fre. 23270 

And for fat fa war won to bnn 

Catel wif couaitis to win 

To-qwzlis fai in f is werd war. Deaf 6, coi. sj 

Ai sal tai brin far for far. 23274 

And fa men fat sa stark wer her, 

Stif eli fair wikidhed to ster 

And brmt f ar-in sa w«uf fai bald, 

Jpai sal haf enir fat water cald. 23278 

EDINBURGH 



1628 EACH PAIN IS FOR A SPECIAL VICE. THE RIGHTEOUS WILL SEB ll 

PAINS OP THE WICKED, BUT WILL NOT PITT THEM. 



J^t ])ai war fild of enist an^ hete, 

Jjat IJjinlik fair hertis hite, 23280 

J)ar wormis sal taim vndiV wrot 

Of bale witoutiw help or bot. 

And for fai her war won to lie 

In ]>air stiwkawd licheri, 23284 

Ne wald noht do bot fair delices, 

J)at drow faiin iwtil ofir vicis, 

})ai sal haf ifin stink Iwis 

\)SLt tai sal neu/r mar ne mis. 23288 

And for faiw waldna dicipline 

Jjole for luf of vr drihtiin, 

pai sal be beft wit-outiw hone, 

Na merci nan to fair bihone. 23292 

And for faim wil noht neh liht, 

pB,t gifes of soffastnes fe siht, 

J)at es godself at vndzrstand, 

])ai sal haf mirkenes ai lastand;23296 

And for fai wal[d] noht scn'fe fair sak, 

!N'e for fair ending mewdis mak, 

Ilk-an sal se wit siht of scham, 23299 

Quat blenk on of /r es for to blam. 

And f ai fat wald na spelling her 

Of god na of his lauis ler, 23302 

Forf i fan sal tai her f e sonnes 

Of neders baf e and of dragouns, 

)?at reuful ber fat reuful crz, 

)pat wa es taim es stad far-bi. 23306 

And forf i fat f ai gilderd wer, 

Wit-in f is lif wife lastis ser, 

Jpai sal suffer soru far, 

Apon far members euzV-ai-qware. 

Ai wend fai her to lif in sin, 23311 

J)ar sal tai del wit-outiTi bli/i, 

Deiand ai and neuiV ded, [ieaf6,bk,coi.i] 

For ded sal fle faim als fair fed. 23314 

EDINBURGH 



))ai sal be set in far pnsim, 23S] 
Vpward f e fet, fe heuid dun, 
Jjair bakes tilward of iV bet, 
"Wit pin on Uka sid vmset. 
J)e rihtwis men sal se fa pinis 
Apow vr lauerd wif erwinis, 232 
p&t fair bles mai be f e mar, 
pat fai er chapid of fat car. 
pe wik alswa f e god sal se, 
]:)at fai f e sbrfuler mai be 23! 

Witin fair gamin stad and gle, 
])at losin folili hauls fat lee; 
To domesdai swa sal tai fare, 
Bot efti'r domesdai na mare ; 23 
For to f aim se sa malediht, 
Bot sell sal of f aim haf siht. 
Bot f oh fat se f aim, wit f ou wel, 
Of f aim fai sal noht rew a del, 23 
If fader saw his son far. 
Or son his fader in fat car, 
pe wif hir maw, or man his wif, 
Or frend he lufd had al his lif ; 22 
For fair misfar miht fai noht mw 
Ne anis for fair schaf is scume, 
Bot suld f af a gret delite. 
To se f ai?ri settil in fair site, 21 
Als we haf her a suni dai 
To se fische in a water plai ; 
"Foi-qui rihwis blif e sal be 
Quew he sal wrak on sinful se. 2i 
If fai suld for fai sinful prai. 
It war again god a gret derai. 
For til him salbe sa quem, 
Al sal taim lik fat he sal dem. 2< 
To dem vs mot fat drthtin swa 
)5at we ne com nemr vnto fat wa 

EDINBURGH 



:>TS OF THE BLESSED IN HEAVEN, THE SEVEN GII-TS OF THE BODY 1629 

AND THE SEVEN GIFTS OF THE SOUL. 



jn, and the Fourteen Gifts of the 

Blessedi] 
mt demst^ hauls don, 23351 
•tst wit-outi» hon, 
is felawsip sa £re Cinf fl^ back, eoL %\ 
snd vntil his fadiris cite, 
a of J^at cite to neuin, 23355 
<e kingerik of heuiro, 
|jat blis to leng him wit, 
ir es fill of grace and grit, 
kdnes al ])an es ])ar glew, 
at es euir elik new, 23360 

Lis it sal be sa perfite, 
in sal wit -DS^ing of site, 
dte be qmt and care, 
b1 es him mai won ])ar. 23364 
ye mai se, ne er mai her, 
rt mai ])ink ])a ioies ser, 
ru cnst haf diht til his, 
rdid er vnto fat blis. 23368 
'. fat sal leng in heuin, 
li sal haf giftis seim, 
ij in sawel, al for fair medis, 
I be faurten blicedhedis. 23372 
li, swecnes and fairhed, 
n di.nd strenket ai life to led, 
I ai wit lastand hel ; 
rel als hauls als fel, 23376 

i wisdom Q.nd strensip, 
rd, poste, and worsip, 
les, and ioiful ro ; 
r mai be I sal vndo. 23380 

itnes f ou sal be sa swift, 
I swif e sum f ou mai lift 
e vp f e lift to se, 
df e far sal-tou be ; 23384 

EDINBURGH 



And swife als swn mai fest 23385 

Yra f e est him bem vnto fe est, 

Als swife mai f ou com f ider, 

Al at fi wil or eles qz/zder, 23388 

Xu at fe erf e, mai f ou lift. 

Or hou-sum-euir wil te scift. 

\>dX ilk mai f e angels do 

))at tou sal euenlTzg be fan to. 23392 

Of fi fairhed I sal fe man, Deaf 7j 

It sal briht be als son es can, 

J3at sal be briht^ for to trow 

Seuen sifis mar fan now. 23396 

J?an mai man wit it es ful bnht, 

Swa hauls vr lauerd f owit hiht, 

))at he sal new vr bodis silk, 

J3ai sal be til his auen Ilk, 23400 

And thar na man dred fat he 

Sal brihtcr fan f e son be ; 

Als he fat wroht al f ing [in lede] 

And scrowd f aim in fair fai[r]hed, 

And godis tempil sant es said 23405 

Jjat he to won m hauls pwruaid, 

J)an most I ned be fair I wis, 

J)at in sal won f e son of blis. 

J)e fredom sal be vndirstand, 

]>i bodi hue sal nankin band, 23410 

Al fat f e witstandand es 

Thurg sal f irf e wit sweftnes, 

J)at es na creature fat mai, 

Lete fe for to far fl wal. 23414 

Als f e graf ne moht noht hald 

Vr lauerdis bodi qwen he wald 

Eisin fat he ne ne ferll ras. 

And com far his deciplls was, 23418 

And did f aim out of fair dout, 

And al fair hald was lokin about ; — 

EDINBURGH 



1630 FURTHER DESCRIPTION OP THE JOTS OF THE BLESSED. THE 8AIHT8 00 ■»■ 
TO THE WELL OF WISDOM, NOTHING SHALL BE HID 'FROM THEM. 



J5an sal ti bodi be lik til his ; 23421 

A ful gret fredom it is. 

J}ou sal haf strenfe, foi-sofe i tel, 

Wit J)i fot to omrcast a fel, 

Ouer al pia eipe if ]}e god pohiy 23425 

Als lihti ouir tume moht, 

Als ])ou mai nu lok wit ])i siht, 

Sa mikel ]>an sal be pi milit. 

Liking ]>ou sal baf sa to lik, 23429 

Mai liking nan be ])aT-to lik, 

Of welfenes mar mai man tel, 

J)an haf pe wil of welfe pe well ; 

pat es vr lauerd seK to sai [leaf 7, ooi. «] 

])at ton sal se on em'r and aL 23434 

))oh fat tou emV apon him se, 

Of him said sal tu neuer be. 

If Jjou war schpte vnto fi heuid, 

And glouand irin far be leuid, 23438 

And it moht pas, if sa moht be, 

Glouand foru fi limis alle, 

)3ou suld haf soru, es tar na dout, 

Bafe in pi bodi and wit out, 23442 

Ya forsofe, foru na man mar ; 

Eiht swa qnen fat f ou ert far, 

)5at welf e fat neuiV te sal blin 

)3ou sal witoutiri haf said witin, 23446 

To lik f e als dep in hert 

Als te suld mislik slik vnqwert. 

In f is lif hauis maw gret liking 

To se of mani men sanking, 23450 

On wommen fair to bihald, 

In claf ing cled o riche fald ; 

To biggingis and fair tonnes, 23453 

Of serkin glew to her f e sownis, 

And her god talking for to tel, 

Swet speceri to thef and smel, 23456 

EDINBURGH 



To handil fat es smef e a,nd soft, 
Fair iowes fat man gemig oft; 23458 
And al of tr kin blis fat mai be,— 
Al f ir-in f e sal be plente, 
Als wel fan sal tou seie. 
Wit lokin als wit opin eie, 2346J 
J5in wittis v. led^ al in welfe, 
And far wit sal haf lastand helfe. 
Hel witouen seke and sar, P ^ JJJ^ 
j)ax sal be lastand euir mar; 2346( 
})ai fat of cans al er quite, 
Ne mai na yrin on f aim bite, 
"Nan mar mai a dint f aim der, 
])an man f e son bem to scher. 23470 
Of lastand lif fat es fe land, 
])at dreri ded es ai fleand, 
Of fat hel mai be t&fin. nan, '^^*f** 
))ar lif sal euir last in an. 23474 

))ir ar fir ilk blicid-hedis, 
))at giuin ei to f e bodi nedis. 
\)e bodi hauis vij, f e sawel vij, 
Of f aim nu nest es for to neoin. 
])e santis stad vnto fat sel, 23479 
J)ai sal na wanting haf of wel ; 
Of f e wel of wit f aim draw, 
Wisdom fat dos taim al to k[n]aw, 
];as was and es and oht sal be, 23483 
J)ai se it in fat tnnite. 
Of alkin men in heuin or hel, 
Baf e nam and ded f ai eal cun tel, 
And al f e didis fat f ai did, 23487 
))ai sal be to f e santis kid ; 
Ne sal na f ing ira f aim be hid, 
Joat siht of god hauis euir emid. 
Joai sal knaw baf e f i ded a.nd f oht, 
Bot f arfor vnd«??'stand f ou noht 23492 

EDINBURGH 



FOBOIYENESS, FRIBNDSHIP, AND OONOORD WILL BE THEIRS, AND ALL 1631 

REASONABLE WISHES AND POWER. 



It sal ])e torn til ani scliam, 23493 
Ne na man^ of blenk or blam. 
Haf nener ^i sin sa la])e ben, 
))at ]k)u was herof scnuero den, 
And dijen penanz her of kar, 23497 
For ynxm. na sal te scham ne mar, 
))an ]K)h a man fe tald to dai 
Quat ]k)ii did &nd in cradil lai ; 
Ke nan mar scham sal te pink par, 
))an if pen. conun of batail war, 23502 
Wit wondis ^at ta ^ar had tan, 
And tti war helid of paim ilkan. 
Ke nopir ping es man sin forgife, 
))an for to bete it qutl we lif, 23506 
Forgiuin er pai and neuer pe les. 
Grod, ^t al wat pai es, 
Es or was, or sal be eu^, 23509 

Out of his witering be ])ai nener, 
Ke suld poxL n&VLpir scham ne sarwin, 
Bot haf gret joi at tu es boruen. 
Frendscip Jar es wit-oute?* fad, ^^JJ,?;!?' 
God hanis his auen childir mad, 23514 
pSk won wit him wit paim he wonis, 
And louis paim als his auen sonis. 
Mar ]>an ]>aim-6elwin lof pair dnlit, 
))angels taim als taim seluin riht. 
Mikel it es pai ])air concord, 23519 
For al 68 emV at an acord, 
]}ai er sa seloa]>e ])an inttale, 
Als an wil al jmi wil al hal 
J)at qt^iderward ]>at an wil loke, 23523 
Al lokes pidit, als sais pe bok, 
pat an wil, al wil also son, 
And god and angel wil be don, 
**Ful god^-hail," cod J)u, "mai falle, 
If ^ wald als I sa wald alle." 23528 

SDINBURGH 



])\\ sais qwcn fou vmj;i?ikes te, 23529 

J)at tu wald lik saint pettV be, 

Yf fou wald fat fou sal be tite, 

Ne sal ]>ar be far-to na lite ; 

Like to petiV self I sal, 23533 

Bot to be Veiir pain sal I nai, 

For if ]>u gemid be petiV self, 

J)an gemid J?u be noht pe self ; 

For if pou ]>i being wald noht be, 

Koht wald pu war mad of pe. 23538 

Bot par es nan pat gernis mar 

)3an pai, in seruis worpi war, 

Bot in pat mekil stabelnes, 

Sal na gem be bot pat he es. 23542 

K pai gemid be swilk i-wis, 

])an war pai noht in full! bHs, 

Bot par blis pat par wonand is 

£s m/rthis nan it mai of mis. 23546 

Ilk man sal haf til his, 

Al pat he wil eftiV wis. 

Mikel sal it be pair miht, 

})at in pat welpe sal be sa wiht, 23550 

Sa mihtilik pair miht to fille, 

\>dX if it sette paim to wille 

To mak anoper erpe amd heuin, JJ,^i?* 

pai moht it mak als ton mai neui7i. 

For pai airis al wit cnst, 23555 

))ai pat ar stad in his biwist, 

Als good es er pai goddis airis, 

Heuin a,ncL erpe al es pairis. 23558 

'* Quin mak pai pan, if sa pai mw, 

AnopiV heuin and erpe 1 " cod pow. 

Blepeli sir, sai pe I salle, 

Forpi pat god hauls wrohtin al, 

Of his werkes es noht ynhale, 23563 

Bot al in mette an^ weiht a,nd tale ; 

EDINBURGH 



1632 THB WORSHIP AND HONOUR PAID TO THE BLESSED IN HEAVEN. G0NTBA8I 
BETWEEN THE FUTURE STATE OF THE GOOD AND THE WICKED. 



For if fai anofiV heuin wroht, 23565 

Vnnait it war and al for noht. 

Mani ])ingis mai we do, 

J)at for to do war litel fro, 

Als for to stop and for to rin, 

Que/i it war hettir for to blin ; 23570 

Qwarto suld we forfer stn'fe, 

])an for to lif in saintis lif 1 

Of rihtwis al ])e sach es sliik, 

j)2kt tai sal be til angels lik, 23574 

And noht forfi foil J)ai be al 

In an anlepi faderis halle, 

J)ai sal in woning stedi sere, 

Ilkan haf his lai plencr. 23578 

Of fair worsip quat mai we men, 

pat cnst him kifis to fa clen 1 

Angels sal taim me/zsken der, 23581 

And saintis als f oh f ai godis wer, 

Worsip fat god f ai?w had fordiht, 

Joai g?'aif id f aim wit med and miht. 

Heuiw and erf e al creature 23585 

Sal ber f aim worsip and honure, 

Eor sun and mon, and water and stern, 

J)at rinnes now wit ras sa yerin, 

Into bettiV statte to stand, 23589 

Fra fan na lawgir bef e stirand. 

J)ar-for sal tai f am worsip ber, 

j)at als mikel als in f aim wer. 

Wit fair worsip al tai moht best, P^^^gi' 

For to hving faim into rest. 23594 

Of fair sikernes to sai, 

Certes es tar na nof iV wai. 

For of f e welf e fat f ai er in 23597 

Es naf ing fat mai faim tuin, 

Ne na mistid mai faim bitid, 

For f ai er traist on ilka side ; 23600 

EDINBURGH 



j)ai god hauis giuin faim to mede, 

To time f ai wate it es na dred. 23602 

])air ioy, fair gladschip, qua kan tell 

Na man forsof e in fleis and fel ; 

For to bihald fat tWnite, 

Hu he is afald god in f re, 23606 

Face wit face fat god to se, 

])at euiV was and ai sal be, 

pax sal haf joi witin and oute, 

And on em> ilka side aboute, 23610 

Ouir and vndiV and ai-quar ; 

Vr lauerd vs gif vr woniwg far I 

J)ir er f e blis and mani eUes, 

God gifes to f ai77i fat wit him dwelles* 

Bot als fir godis frendis sal 23615 

Sli worscip haf amang faim hal, 

Swa sal f e wriches for fair sak 

Be stad in pin witouten slak. 23618 

]pir sal fairer and duhti bafe^ 

))ai sal be baf e grtsli and laf e ; 

piv sal be liht als fouel to flei, 

)3ai sal be deille wit wa to drei ; 23622 

)3ir sal be selcuf e Strang and wiht, 

))ai sal be waik witouten miht* 

)3ir sal Hue in fredom fi?e, 

)3ai sal life in caitifte ; 23626 

))ir sal life euiV in delite, 

)3ai sal euiV life in soru and site ; 

J;ir sal in hele life eui'rmare, 

)3ai sal emV be sek and sare. 

J)ir sal be emV in lastand life, 23631 

)3ai and dede sal euir strife ; 

)3ir sal haf wit fair wil to wis, ^^\]^ 

J5ai sal be feld al of folis. 

For if f ai oht mai witin far. 

It nis of noht bot site and car. 23636 

EDINBURG9 



!R DOMESDAT THE WORLD WILL BECOME NEW, EVERTTHINQ IN IT WILL 1633 
GOME BRIGHTER AND BETTER, THERE WILL BE NO LABOUR AND SORROW. 



lal of swet frewdschip be traist, 

}al of al fe f[r]edom fraist ; 23638 

ilkin ping sal tir acorde, 

alkin ping ))ai sal descorde ; 

lal haf weld^e^ of wale, 

il vmweldli be wit We. 23642 

al worsip al creature^ 

L \>ai sal baf inisbon2£re ; 

,r for traistnes bli])e a.nd glad, 

{udk. for car, swa er pai rad ; 

abis in iojl ])ar \>aJL er lend, 23647 

vep in soru witoutiw end. 

I^at soru a,nd &fi pat SLte^ 

mist be Dfiak vs qui^, 

gif Ys grace sa l;ier to do, 

WQ wit bis ];nai rest in rp. 23652 

Siate of the World after Domes- 
dayJ] 

lis and bal nou baf ye berd, 
jal I tel you of fis werd, 23654 
jwa fordwi was a,nd f ordn'uiw 
• pat pe dom be giuiw. 
I be bnnt sa dep on dreb 
noes flod rais qmlum beib, 23658 
pan sal baf a scbap al new, 
' mar to standin trew ; 
e elementes pat we se, 
pai sal klengid be^ 23662 

aou er stirand al sal stand, 
jax be pan na pin in land, 
we nu er ilke dai in, 23665 

jod bauis selid vs for vr sbi, 
bate a.nd cald, rain B.7id wind, 
be pan na storm to find, 23668 

3 EDINBURGH 



Ne migt ne mirk, ne na manere 23669 

Of werd to pis werld to dere ; 

Als Vf bodis pat we ber bar, 

Bes fairer panw pan emr was ar, 

Alsuapis we^salweMscbrud, nr«;J]^. 

j)a.t baiiid it n^nir nm sa prude. 

An bijindret sipe of fairer hew, 23675 

Bape beuiTi emd erpe sal be mad new. 

Sun and mon, smd stem on lift, 

J5at ai wit stiring er nuskift, 

And wat6?*s rinna/id alwais wate, 

Gernawd to turn in bettiV state,. 23680 

Fra pat tim stil sal tai stand. 

Wit ^eli bljs to l?e hfitmcL 

j)e sun sal baf, pe scnptur sais, 

J5e libtis pan of sewis dais, 23684 

^ater pat wetin cr/stis fleis, 

And baptim bis saintis weisse, 

Fra pat tim forpe ou/r pas it sal 

J)e sebene scbiniwg of cnstaL 23688 

j)e erpe pat cn'stis cors in-bred 

Of paradis sal ben a sted, 

And for it was mad qutimn red, 

Wit blod of saintis paron scbed, 

It sal be fild wit mani flures, 23G93 

Smelland swet wit swe,t colures ; 

J)at nem> mar sal duwne ne dwine, 

Bot a^s in para^dis sal scbine. 

})at er]:e, pat fi^rst was ip^aledibt 23607 

To tbomis for wr eldeiTi plibt, 

Jpan sal it bliscid be and quite 

Of labur, and of ^pru, ^nd site ; 

Ne neu/r forpe fr^ pat dai 23701 

Ne bes pari» wa barmis ai, 

And pus-gat sal be skift bis band, 

J5at h,uerd pat es ai lastand. 23704 

EDINBURGH 



1634 THE WORLD IS FALSB, LIFE IS SHORT, DEATH IS EVER AWAITING US. 
OHRIST WILL HELP US AGAINST THE WORLD, THE FLESH^ AND THE DETIL. 



[The Author's Exhortation to his 

Fellow Men,] 
Ye crestin mew, you ymbilok, 23705 
Al ])at enir hafs herd jjis bok, 
Of your lif pat ye her led 
Ye ne tume it noht iwto wansped ! 
Quasum graipeli wil vmpink, 23709 
j)ia werd es fals B.nd ful of swink, 
Fals it es, als we se hu, 
And algat wil we par on trow ; 
Jjis litil lif we haue in hand [leaf 9] 
And wenis ai to be lastand, 23714 
J5e ded ai wen we for to drille, 
Bot pat dos al vr speeding spille. 
pfm blindis vs a litil wel, 
J5at we ne can noht vs seluiw fel, 23718 
Of pat dom cast we mai wit chance 2372 1 
Of pis werld to gete couerance, 
And com to werdis welpe again, 
A quii to hald wit mikel pai^i ; 23724 
Bot par we find anopiV strif, 
Joat waites naping bot vr lif. 
Dede hauis vs wtset vr stret, 
Nil we, wil we, he sal me[t], 23728 
Al sal we Tinin in his rap. 
We wate pat par mai li na schap. 
EmV he waites vs, pat fade, 
Es napi?zg certainer pan dede, 23732 
Ne vncertainer pan es pe tide, 
Forpi we ach ai bon habide ; 
To pass pe pase pat es sa harde,23735 
Ne we ne wat noht quiderwaide. 
We sal sipin hepin wend, 
Bot if we her haf mad vs frend, 
Wit criste pat we wit lite to lend. 
We mai be dreri for pe fend. 23740 

EDINBURGH 



For-pi pis lif he hauls ws lent. 

To serf him wit al vr tent, 23742 

To trauaH ordanit es pis lif, 23745 

Ogain VT fedis prin we stnfe, 

Vr fleys, pis werd, and pe warlaw. 

We er bundin iind*r pair aw. 

j)e fleis es ai to flihtis fus^ 

pQ werd estf 111 and couaitns, 23750 

j)e warlaw, swemes, wrepe, emd pnd, 

]:)ir werras vs on ilka side. 

J)ir iij mai pan we wel for-dnfe. 

If we leli wel led vr life, 23764 

For mai felle pan man and wife, 

pat stalworpli gain palm wil stnfe. 

If we stipeli wil vs ster, peafi^eoi.!) 

Cristis help sal be vs ner, 23758 

His helpis a,nd vr wihtis eke. 

If we wil blepeli him bisek. 

Forsope if we wil do vr pai7^, 

paim haf na miht vs stand ogain, 

If we wil not on paim vr miht, 23763 

Certis pai er f eld in fiht ; 

Eie es for to winne wit heere, 

pe tume pat naw es bute to were, 

Hardilik es he cuard, 23767 

})at na,nkin part mai pol of hard 

pB,t yeldis him par he be soht. 

And tinis sa him-self e for noht. 

Al swa es fel of vs in dred, 23773 

J)at bedis paim bifor pe nede 

Vnto pair wiperwin wit pliht, 

Wit-outin ani fand to fiht ; 

Bot ai to fal es redi bun, 23777 

Qua herd a caitiur crapun, 

Joat wil noht bed to gif a spwm ? 

Bot fals dun bifor pe turn 23780 

EDINBURGH 



WB HAVE TWO WATS BEFORE US, A GOOD AND AN EVIL, NOW IS THE TIME 1635 
TO CHOOSE. THE GOSPELLERS SPEAK TO US, BUT THEY DO NOT SPEED MUCH. 



Jjat vr fleis vs ledis tiUe, 23781 

Of al vr wal pat es vr wille, 
And poh we wat pat it es ille, 
"We fin noht it to ful-fille. 
Alias ! pat for a litil lust, 23785 

A drewri pat es bet a dust^ 
"We thrall vs til vr f ul fa 
In prisuw for to life in wa ! 
Of swilk er mani now a.nd ma, 23789 
Alias ! alias ! qui do we swa 1 
Qui sel we vs vnto pat soru, 
Jjat nankin boruli vs ira mai borwl 
And wrechis wit vr wil f orsakis, 
J^at selines pat nenir slakis. 23794 
Bape of pat soru and of pat sel 
I wen ik haf yow said sum-deL 
Quat pair to fand, to tel pe sope, 
Bape me wantis tung &nd tope ; 23798 
J)e broidin blis to cmtis dere, ^^^i,®y ** 
J>e bale pat him forsakis here, 
We haf us f orwit waies twa, 
j>e tan to wel pe toper to wa. 23802 
QuepiV we wil,i freli mai ga, ^J^%^ 
Als til vr frend or til vr fa. 
£ot if we pan f orsak vr frend, 
And ches us til vr fa to wend, 23806 
J^an dar I sai, and leies noht, 
A sorf ul tim pan war we wroht ; 
Bot god forbed pat we it proue, 
))at sorful tim til vr bihoue. 23809 
Quen WB it proue pan es to late, 
Es tar na mending pan of state, 
Es tar na wai bifor vs rid, 
Cun tak vs better pan we did. 23814 
For qua ne dos quen he mai, 
' Quen he wald men sal nik him nai^ 

EDINBURGH 



Her es pe tim al for to grete, 23817 

Her es pe tim ur siwnes beto, 

Ouper her or nauper ellis, 

J)at witnes vs al hali spelles. 

Hke dai we se sumun 23821 

For to groipe and mak vs bun, 

))at ilke dai we se and here. 

We ah it noht to bald in were. 

J5e spellers finis noht to speUe, 23825 

j>e sope paim spar vs noht to tel. 

For to vs do be war wit hel ; — 

J)am sped noht worpe a not-scel. 

Seldin cu?n we sarmu?^ ner, 23829 

Lape vs pink it for to her, 

pe er par to seldin we lai, 

Bot f er it es vr hert awai ; 

For said it es gan mani rape, 23833 

Lape es to her pat man es lape, 

Quarfor of paim lat we sa ille, 

Bot for pai spek ogain vr wille. 

He pat me sais al pat me likes, 23837 

God it witte mast he me swikes. 

For if we self vs undw'stod, ^^^i^^* 

Vr wil vs dos wel litel god, 

Bot of vr skil vs mas blind, 23841 

Quen we can fand pat sal we find. 

Find we sal, lest quen we wen, 

Al sal we to pe ded biden. 

Wi qui pan mak we vs sa ken, 23845 

Of pis es al pat I me men, 

Mikel wald I men and mote, 

Wist I pat it me war bote, 

Ai to spel and noht to sped, 23849 

Waast it es of godis sed. 

n worpe it es to til pe fild, 

)?at noht ogain pe sed mai yeld ; 23852 

EDINBURGH 



1636 WB OARB MORE FOR FABLES THAN FOR HOLT WRIT. WHAT WE KNOfiT Wl 
OUGHT TO TEAOH OTHERS. HART ! GIVE HE GRAOE 1 THIS WORK IS FOR THfill. 



Qaat botes ai of rihte to rede, 23853 

J)at nem'r fuwdin es in dede. 

Mikel her Sind litel hald, 

Bot war a ribaudi vs tald. 

Of a fantum or a fabU, 23857 

p&i suld we bald in hert stabil, 

In her to bald it als an hord^ 

Qaen noht es m^ x)f crtstis hord,. 

Hu mai he be bi^tiseluin hold 23861 

J)at chesis him fe Jed for go^Ji 

Al fat writin es in writ 

Wroht it es to lerin vs witte, 

Hu we bach to led vr lif, 23865 

Cristiw folk, baf e man and wif, 

In eldem men vr niirur se 

Quat for to folu, quat for to fle, 

j>e f ingis ])at we self ne can 23869 

For to frain at o]>er man, 

He ])at can mar pain ano]>er, 

Debonerlik to teche his broker ; 

Al er we bWf ef, yong and aid, 23873 

For vs was bajje cwt boh,t ^wc? said, 

He hauis o\i8 in his wwib^r tald, 

Al his scheme of his awen f^ld, 3.3876 

Jjuru birds ]>at J)e lauerd has set, 

J5at he wil fat his folk be get. 

He hauls ys qhosin for vr med, peaf ;o] 

His hali folk al for to fed ; 23880 

Omang fat birdis ^m ik an, 

J)ar to hauig cWstis grace me tan. 

Sua wrecbe yn,WQrf i wat I nan, 

Loued be he lauerd of al h^s Ian. 

A besand he me taht to sette ^3885 

pat ik hiw aid to yeld wit dette, 

Jjarfor ah I me for to pain 

To yed him wit biate ogain, 23888 

EDINBURGH 



Al bihouis vs yeld ilkan, 23889 

Acunte efter fat we haf tan ; 

Sum for mar and sum for les, 

EfttV fat vr giftes es, 23892 

]pat tat besand root noht in herd, 

])at ach be spend in werk said word. 

Her ik haf a litil spend, 

In word ef ttr fat ik entend, 23896 

Miht I mare, god wat mi mod, 

Ik ach it for to spend in god, 

In his worschip, fat miht meke, 

Audd mari mild bis modzV eke. 23900 

Hir louing acht I neuir bliw, 

Xo (luUla 'eqI lif me lastis in, 

Lif and ^awel I yeld hir til, 

J)ar of Jteuedi sco don hir wiL 23904 

Of hir wx)rschip fat I mai mare, 

I sal tel of sum of er quare, 

Quen I mai cum to betttr space, 

After SCO sendis me hir grace. 23908 

Leuedi ! lok to f is caitif clerk, 

FoEsak f u noht f is stubil werk, 

For fob it royd and stubil be, 

It in worsip w^oht to fe. 23912 

I prai f e leuedi f u wald f e sem, 

To tak f is litil werk to quern, 

Swilk als it es, forsak it noht, 

To fin bihoue f a^ was it wroht ; 

To fi seruis eqid to my pru, 23917 

J)at seruis te wel yeldis tu, 

J)at ik ikan ;ioht serue in ded, [ino,coi.2^ 

Mi wU ic hop f ou wil me med. 

For med ik a^ a litil bon 23921 

J)at ik biseke wit wordis quon, 

Gif me grace hir quil ik hon 

Mi sin to bet fa ik haf don. 23924 

EDINBURGH . 



IT LAST DAT, LADT, OIYE MB THT LIOHT, THAT I MAT NOT GO 1637 

WANTING, TO HELL. 



: eft fol on ani wis, 23925 

li do me for to ris, 

nis dede to monm ai ; 

on min awen last dai, 23928 

LU es mi hop be ])an mi hald, 

Q ])at brem ]>at es sa bald 1 

m vs leuedi ! liht emel, 

le moht hafe-les ga til hel, 

led me wit ]>e for ]>i son 23933 

EDINBURGH 



Fot ener mar wit him to won. 23934 

piB ilk praier leuedi ! pn her, 

For ]>a pai er me lefe a.7id der, 

And for al cn'stin folk alswa, 23937 

Bape quik and ded, frend and fa, 

\>o\i do ])aim haf ]>i sonis grace 

To leuin bif or his leueli face. 

Al ])at ]>is bok or heris or redis, 23643 

Leuedi!]>aiinhelpinal])airnedis. Amen. 

EDINBURGH 



1G38 



APPENDIX 11. 



Brit Mu8. Additional 10,036, leaf 62. 
(See lines 20011 to 20820, of text,i Part IV, pp. 1147—1191.) 

[In the nnmberiDg of the lines the heavy-black figures indicate that lines which oooar in 
the text have been omitted here, as shown bj the neighbouring figures.] 



How I hange apouw a tre, 20073 

Fill sore I wote hit rewej) J)ee. 
•Mynfeet,mynliondes of blodebenrede, 
With-owte gilt I fole dede, [»ietfe2,tack] 
But J)ei haue wille to louen me 
For wham. I hange on f is tree, 28 
The lewis me deden mychel schame, 
Ther-of hadde I neuer blame." 20080 

MArie his moder sore dide wepe. 
The teeres fellen at hure fete, 
Nas no wondre ]>ou3 sche wepe sore 
Of sorwe wist sche neuer more. 34^ 
When he fat of hure flesche nam 
For his holi swete nam 20086 

Honge per nailed to a tre, 
" Alas ! my sone," j>o saide sche, 38 
" How mai I lyue, how mai I bene, 
How mai I Jjis sorwe ysene ! 20090 
Neuer ere wist I of sorwe noujt, 
Lene sone what hauest J)ou fou^t, 
How schal I leue withoute J?ee 1 43 
Leue sone what saist fou to me." 
lesn spak fo wordes goode 
As he henge on j>e rode, 20096 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 

[1 The latter part of this poem considerably differs from the version as given in the text, introducing new and 
fiiller incidents. The above preamble also, of 12 lines, quite differs from that of 5i lines in the text.] 



Hie incipit asstimpcto heate Harie. 

IN honorance of iesn cryst 1 

SitteJ) stille and hauej) lyst. 
And 3if 30 wille to me here. 
Off oure ladi 30 mai lere, 
Floure of heuene, ladi and quene, 5 
As sche au3t wel to bene, 
To wham auwgeles doun here my3t 
To serue hure bofe day & ny3t. 
Parauentwre 30 haue no3t iherde 9 
How oure ladi went out of fe werde ; 
SitteJ) stille and herkene]) to me, 
Now iesu cryst oure helpe be ! 12 
IT Whan iesu c?7st was douw on fe rode, 
And jjolede def for oure goode, 20066 
He callide to hym seynt lohan 
That was his fleschli kynnes man. 
His moder swete he dide also, — 
He callid no men mo him to, — 18 
And seide, " womman, lo ! here fi sone, 
And man take hure to mode?* in good 
2 And fenkefon my sorwe nowe, L'^^^®? 
How I hange here abowe,^ C* l^ruueVt.T' 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



ON THBCB08SOOXMI1S 
I A TDfB AH ASGXL BZDt 



rUL :EE3L XiS "WHZ^ FETCH ^wt^_ 



seide to his moder deR, 
lial fee take a trewe fen 
trewl J schal kepen fee^ 
e in erfe fon achalt be* dOlOO 
seide le^a to aeynt loban, 
my lone kepe weL ^is womman, 
hnre wel with al ^i mjji SS 
no man do hue thij^I* 
. nam pe apostel aeynt loban 
Ls kepynge fis wommaii, 20106 
3pt hure wel with al his iDjjt 
no man do bme none vmi^t^ 58 
temple he hure nam, ^SjtT 
dso sone as he pet cam 

serae he hure dede 

Lge pe nunnes in pat atede ; C2 

sche bileft al hare lyfe, 

ued sche noper fi^t ne atiyf. 

3 ladies ]>at per-iDne weren20115 

rel ])ei ne my3t hnie f orbeien, 

ner pe while sche was pore 67 

wolde serne, las & more. 

& hole sche dide gode, 20119 

seruede hem to hande and fote, 

d & hungry sche clo])ed & f edde, 

1 Ss seke sche hrou3t to bedde, 

as per noper seke ne fere Deaf es, bk] 
J)ei nadde to hure mystere. 74 
louede hure wel wit^ al here my3t, 
it serued & fat was ryjt. 20126 
woke more pan sche slepe, 
sone to serue was al hure kepe, 
m sche callid witJi rewful steuene, 
lie hure sent an angel fro heuene, 
ade hure hym-self he cam 81 
of hure bodi flesche nam. 20132 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



r f 



Semt Ian imrt "kezisr -wbs^ irnre dfire. 
And l& licx wu a i9*-ire f ere, £4 

X* waidfi itt nsiw fr:- ins* g:vke^ 
Al fm, xike wdi^*: ht Wuiit d;»i»e ; 
Hldle wTrif ^ira$ in ^ si»a^ f^i*lS7 
Al yax stLfr wuu-ie ht hart dtnie. 
THkoi acLe L^iit Jifr k<n^ ben, ^ 
Thai iure ladi, ht-neDe OTien, 
Thanwc^dfr hure done ache cc*mhim to, 
VThen he wolde hit was do. 20142 
He Bent to hure an angd of henene^ 
That gxet hure wxih mjiy steuene, 94 
Ther ache was & bad hure bede 
Lj^th an angd in pat stede. 
And seide, '^ladi! fnl of gAice, Dmtu^ 
Blessed be ^u in eche place ! 98 

Be non^t adiad ^U3 I be here, 
I am Jd sones massagere^ 20150 

Fro hym I am to pee come. 
He gret pee wel, )>i dere sone, 
Floure of erfe, heuene queno, 103 
Blessed mote ]k)u euer bene, 
Wel be Jwit tyme )>at fou was born. 
For al fis worlde hit was forlorn 
3if J>ou ne were, & J>e fruy t of fco, 
Marie ladi, wel pee be. 108 

Ladi I best of al pinge, 
Blipe tipynges I pee bryngo, 20 ICO 
Thou take pis palme pat I bryngo poo, 
Thi dere sone hap sent it poo ; 
The pynkep longo hi??i to soo, 113 
Therforo most I no longoro bo. 
He schal sonde aftor poo 20100 

Of houono fordo mocho plonto. 
And bryngo poo in to hi» UinuQ 
That ouor wem & now i» ; 118 

Si. M. AVDtTtonAh 



1640 MART WILL BE FETCHED IN THREE DATS* TIME, THE ANGEL GIVES HEB k 
PALM. SHE MAKES BEADY, AND FBAYS HEB BON TO SHIELD HEB FBOM THE DETIL 



fer he is kyng, ])ou schalt be quene, 
Al heuen-ryche blijje sclial bene ; 120 
And alle him feukep BwipQ longe ^^^ 
Til ^u comest hem amonge.*' 20172 
Than ansn^erede otre ladi, 20175 

And seide to Je ahgel, " telaftriy, 
Art ^ti my sonecr ma^sagere 125 

That bryngest m'6 fis bodesr here 1 
Hane]> he me sette any day 
Ajens when I me greithe mayl 20180 
With my fiendes & my kynnes men, 
And w?t^ hem fat I in erfe haue ben, 
And h6m fat I haue fedde & clad, 
And don al f ^t my ffone hem bad." 
Tho seide J)e angel, " I sei J)ee, 133 
Thou schalt be here but daies f re, 
The ]>ridde dai we schal come 20187 
Alle ix ordres fram heuen abone. 
And fecche fee with myry songe, 
For after fee vs finkef longe." 138 
To fat aungel seide o'ure ladi, 20191 
" What is f i name fat, standef me bi 1 " 
" My name seie I fee iL0U3t, 20195 
But take fis palm:e ]pat I haue brou3t, 
Kepe it wel I bidde fee, 143 

'Ne lete it neuer be fro f e6. 
Ne mai I no lerigere abide here, Deaf 65] 
For I am sent a massagere ; 20200 
I schal to f e apostles sone anone, 147 
And seife to' hem sundry on & one. 
That f ei beii here f e f ridde dai. 
JSTo lengere abide I tie mai." 20204 
When he had i seide to heuehe he steie. 

And marie f er bi-left he,^ i'JuedT'' *^* 
Vntil hure chambre sone gche nam. 
And also sone as sche f ider cam, 154 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



Sche dide of hure dof es alle, ISl 
And wasche hure with water of willej 
So sone as sche hadde doun, 2021) 
!N"ewe clof es sche dide hure apoun. 
When sche was faire schred & clad, 
To iems cryst a bone sche bad, 160 
Aiid seide, '* sone, I f anke fee 
That f ou hast yf ou3t on me ; 
My sone fat is heuene kynge, 20219 
I praie fee of f i blessing. 
Sone, for fyn hye name, 16S 

Schelde my bodi fro pyne & schame, 
That f e deuel haue no my3t 
To reyne fee, hit Were no ry3t 20224 
Kepe me sone, now is i^e, Denfes^tack] 
That I ne haue of f e deuel no drede, 
For with f e wiles fat he can, 171 
He begilef many a man. 
Leue sone, jeue hym nou^t 
Man-kynde fat f ou hast bou3t. 20230 
Mi sone fat art ful of pite. 
For man-kynne I praie fee, 176 

That ))ou [siin] forf i holi grace, 
3eile heni bof e my^t & space, 20234 
Hem to amende or f ei ben; dede. 
That f ei haue of f e deuel ito drede* - 
Thynke, leue sone, f ou hast hem wrou^i 
And dere fat fofu hast hem bou3t."2 
When sche haidde praied so, J^y^ ^U?*^* j 
Hure frerides sche callid httre to, i^4 
Hure sibbe, & hure kyriries men. 
With reuful steuene sche spak to hem. 
An seide, " leue frendes, my sone 187 
Wol no lenger fat I here wone. 
He wol fat I with him be ; 20247 
Wherefore I p'y'aie 30U, pwr charite, 

i. M. ADDITIONAL 



BHE TAKES LBAYB OF HEB FRIENDS, BBOOING THEK TO FORGIVE HE& 1641 
JOHN NOW COMES IN, ON HEARING THAT SHE IS GOING HE IS MOURNFUL. 



)if I any ])iiige haue iny8-wrou3t, 191 
Seiejy me now, for hole 30 noujt, 
I it wole amende with my my3t, [iMif m] 
That my sonle haue no Ynply3t. 
The good ]»t je haue donn me, 20253 
My sone, )»at was doott on ]>e tree 
Man to bigge firo ])e qitede', 197 

He jelde it 30W at joure nede, 
And biynge jow in to his blis 
Ther I schal be, & my sone is." 

AUe ^at weren hare bi. 201 

OS suche ti]>inges weren sori. 
And saide, '' ladi, how mai ])is be, 
How schollef we louen w/t^oute )>ee ! 
Ladi ! ]>oa hast ts serued so, 20263 
Alas ! how schulle we parte at-two. 
Swete ladi, what is )>i f 0Q3t 1 207 
Eewe on ys, departe vs nou3t. 
In moche sorwe & in myche wo 
Schulle we lyue, be you a-go." 20268 
ysm answer^e oure ladi 
To )>at folke )>at stode hure bi, 212 
" Late)) be ^our greding, hit helpe)) no3t. 
And haue]) Idis iu ^nre ))ou3t. 20272 
Whiles I aitt here wake)) wit^ me, 
Hit do]) me good ])at I 30W se; 216 
Haue]) no drede in wel, [leaf ee, back] 
Of peyne schal I ))ole no del, 20276 
Mi bodi mai no peyne ))olen. 
For he was fer-oi y-boren. 220 

He ]>oled dep him-self for me. 
He honged nailed on ])e tree ; 
Mi sone ))at is kyng of heuene 
Schal me sende worde wel euene ; 20282 
lohan & ))e apostles where so pei bene, 
Schulle alle come for to sene." 226 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



As sche so spak to fe mon, 227 

Off al ])at wist nou3t seynt Ion, 
He come to speke with oure ladi, 
Ferli him ])0U3t ^t sche was sory, 
And seide, '* ladi, what is fee, 
What is pis folk ])at I here se, 2S2 
Seie me ladi, what is ^ee ? " he sede, 
For me were leuer pat I were dede. 
Than I pee sef suehe semblant make. 
For schal I neuer suche a ladi take. 
Hastou ou3t herde pat I ne can 2S7 
OflF me or of any opar man ] 
Schal I neu^ haue blis, 20297 

Til I wite ladi what pee is." 
Oure ladi wept, and lohan also, [leaf «7] 
For trewe lone was bitwene hem two, 
" lohan," seide ladi, " what is pee, 
For pi sones loue seie pou me." 244- 
Marie answerde with rewful steuene. 
And seide, ** itfe cam bode fram heuene. 
Fro my sone a massagere, 20305 

He wol no lengere pat I be here. 
Wite pou wel, hit rewip me 249 

That I schal lohan parte fram pee. 
For pi loue & pi seruyce, 20309 

I'hat pou hast douro on eche wise. 
Thou hast me hope fed & clad ; 25S 
And doun also my sone pee bad. 
My sone schal it wel 3elde pee, 20313 
I schal him telle when I him se." 
Than answerde seynt lohan, 
That was a ful sori man, 258 

And seide, " ladi, how mai pis be 
That I schal pee no more se 1 20318 
Mi ioie,^ my blis, is douro eche del, 
Ne schal me neuer worpen wel Ji*jjjjjp 

B. H. ADDITIONAL 



1642 MART BBQS JOHN TO GUARD HBR BODY FROM BVIL. THB APOSTLES ALL 
COMB IN, FBTBR ASKS WHY THEY GRIBVE, NONE KNOW HOW THEY GOT THEBE. 



Sithen we ben parted a two." 263 
]k> seide oure ladi, " why saistoa so ? 
Wite ]>ou wel, I go be-forn Deaf «7, i»ok] 
Thi serayse schal no3t be forlorn ; 
I schal to my sone seie of ^, 20325 
That pou with hym & me schal be. 
But herestou now my frende Ion, 269 
When )>oa sest pa,t I am gon, 
Kepe my bodi pat I ne be binomen 
When )>e f ellon lewes comen. 
Mi bodi for to doun no schame, 20331 
For pei hate no )>ing more J^an my name; 
Mi sone pei hongen on a tre, 20336 
Wel I wote so wolde pei me. 276 
I wote wel ))ei louen me noujt, 
But peroi be ))i most Jyoujt, 
When I am parted lohan, fram pee, 
That )>ei do my bodi none eneste, 
My sone pai wone)) in heuene lijt 281 
Lete hem neuer per to haue my3t." 
" Ladi, sithen hit is so, 20344 

That we schal departe a-two, 
Seie me how long hit is to fan." 285 
" For sojje," marie seide to lohan, 
" Bi f is & pe Jjridde day, 
No lenger abide I ne may." 20349 
When he it herde he was sory, [leafes] 
He wept & seide, " ladi, mercy ! 290 
How schal I lyue, how schal I tare. 
How schal I bHs or ioie haue [mare] 1 
Furst my lord was broujt to dede, 
Thorow pe felun iewes rede, 20355 
And now my ladi wil me fro ! 296 
Swete lord ! now me is wo. 
Wolde my lord I wolde be dede, 
For I ne can no better rede." 298 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



" lohan," sche seide, " whi seistou so, 
Th aungeles schal pee come to SOO 
To kepe pee where so Jh)u be, 
Erliche & late to gladen >ee." 20363 
Whiles he spak so to seynt Ion, 
Come pe apostles eucrychon 
To-gidre, but pel wist noujt 305 

How )>ei weren to-gidre brou3t, 
OflF ojjeres come ne wist none ; 20368 
But of hure come bli])e was Ion, 
He cust hem alle, so fayn he was, 
And seide, ** deo gracias, 310 

Blessed iesu be ]>i my3t. 
For it is faire & hit is ryjt 20373 
That ])i moder come to pee, Deaf as^ b^k] 
That sche fedre welcom be 314 

Of pine apostles, pat most pee louen ; 
I ne wote how ]>ei ben hidre yeomen." 
Than seide Petyr to seynt Ion, 20378 
" Whi art f ou so sory amon 1 
Whi wepistou, & what is fee 1 319 
For felaschip telle ])ou me." 
" I schall fee seie," [seid] seynt Ion, 
" Whi I am so sory a mon, 20383 
But seie me furst for godes lone, 
Whi 3e am hider icome, 324 

And weryn so wide i-sprad, 
Seie J? what hajj jou hidre ilad 1 " 
Tho seide Petyr a ferli f inge, 20388 
** I was fer hens atte my prechinge, 
I was so henne in anofer londe, 329 
And helde my boke in my honde. 
And taujt men of my sermoun, 
I ne wote how I cam tof is toun." 20393 
So seide alle fat weren fere, 20395 
" Suche wondre sawe I neuer ere." 33^ 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



EXPLAINS, IT IS JESUS WHO HAS SENT THEM TO GUARD HABT. 1643 
3HE WELCOMES THEM; MEANWHILE AN ANGEL GOMES TO WARN HER. 



of hem ne wist Jorw wham, ^^5 
hat wai )>ei ])idre cam. 
1 seide seynt lofi, " for so)>e I wys, 
d 30W telle what it is, {} leareo] 
p with me in to ^is hoos, 20394 
ladi per, ahide]^ vs, 
ordeynej hure to fare vs firo, * 
ure sone hit woUe so. 34^ 

sone ha]) sent his messagere, 
ol no lengere fat sche be here, 
iiider he ha]) 30W alle ysent 20407 
5pe hure bodi when sche is went, 
•e hure knele^e alle bi-dene,^ 20410 
seiej) " ladi, heuene quene, 20429 
lie wymmen best fee be, 20431 
me vs haue> sent to fee, ]^ZTZ%ed 
jpe fee & do f i wiUe, ****'-^ 
»nkef wel fat it is skille 352 
heuene & erf e bowe fee to, 
1 sone hit wol so, 
one fat is heuene kynge, 20438 
dlefinghaf inhiskepinge." 20437 
1 comen f e apostles alle ^^^addS 
bi hure bigan to faUe« ^''^368 
)s oure swete ladi 20439 

kist f e apostles hi & hi, 
ere come sche was glad, [leaf 69, back] 
t)ei dide fat sche bad. 362 

asked hem how f ei come fere 1 
sprad so sundry were. 20444 
;eide in ful good f 0U3t, 
sone vs haf hidre ybroujt, 
pe fee & by fee by, 367 

fore we comen to f e, lady." 
life sche was of here come, 20449 
3sed," sche seide, " be my sone, 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



When it is my sones wille 20463 
That I come him to hit is skille. 
Mi bodi 3e schal kepe so, 373 

That f 6r-to come noujt my fo, 
Kepef faire my body 
That none do me no vilany. 20458 
The lewis ben ful of felony. 
My sone f ei slow f orw enuye, 378 
The haten no-f ing more fan my name, 
God late hem neu^r do me schame. 
Ther-fore I praie 30W, pwr charyte, 
And for f e loue fat ^e haf to me. 
When I am faren to heuen blis, 383 
Wakef alle per my body is, 20466 
Kepif it bof e ny3t and dai, Do»f 70] 
That no lewe stele it awai. 
Thei wolde it brenne or do it schame. 
But ie^u, for f i holi name, 388 

Late hem neuer f er-to haue mysft, 
JFor sikirli hit were vnryjt." 20472 
Thei seiden alle sof e I-wys, 
** Hit schal be, ladi, as f i wille is." 
Whiles oure ladi spak so 393 

To f e apostles fat come hure to. 
Come an aungel & stode hure bi. 
And seide, " wel fee be ladi, 20478 
And so be alle fat ben fee bi ! 
Loke f 6u be ful redi, 398 

f ou schalt to heuene, & be made quene, 
Ful blif e mai fine hert bene, fheuene." 
Alle schal fee seme f e company of 
As soone oure ladi herd fat steuene 
That f e aungel seide hure to, 403 
Wel ful of loie was sche f 0, 20486 
Sche jede to hure bedde & lai, 
Abowte f e tyme of myddaL 406 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



1644 JS8U8 CAHB DOWN WITH U18 ANOELS, HE REHEARSES THE STORY OF Hlfl^ 

LIFE AND DEATH, AND OF THE REDEMPTION. 



lohan & )>e apostles weren liure bi, 
To kepen hure as oure ladi 1M)490 
iSchebaddeIon&>eapostlesaUeP^y3«. 
To kepen hure what so bi-fallo.^ 4IO 

Sitte]) now stille bo]) more & lesse, 
And herkenef of f e moche biesse, 
Off lesxji per he come so lyjt, 20511 
He dide his moder f ul moche ri3t, 
As a sone aujt his moder to done ; 
He callid Jje aungeles euerychone, ^6 
And alle pe mayne f&t was in heuene, 
And seide to hem with mury steuetie, 
" Commep with me to my lentmaiti I 
Sche is my moder, ho^ sone I am, 
Off hure I toke flesche & blode, 4^1 
And sithen I hange on fe rode, 
I ))at euer was & ay schal ben, 20521 
In al piB blisse pat je here sen, 
I hadde leupe on al mankyne, 
That alle went to heUe pyne. 4^6 
I made man to serue me, L^*J^^:JS 
And ])orw f e appel of a tre ?{Jf.f "*' *'* 
That adam toke & ete it Inne, 20527 
To helle he went & al his kynne. 
Hit rewid me & for-pou3t sore, 4^1 
And I it wolde f ole no more, 
I ly3t doun & man bi-cam, [leaf 71] 

And of ])at maide flesche nam. 20532 
Bifore aUe oper I hure ches 
And I was born of hure flesches. 4^6 
Thritti wynter & somme del more 
Men to wissen I was pore, 
Men dide me moche euelte, 20537 
Myn owyn pat oujt for to be, 
Thei token me & bette me sore, 44^ 
And atte pe last J?ei dide wel more. 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



With-oute gult J)ei me swongen, 44$ 
And to a piler pei me bounden, 
Nailes pei smyten in my fette, 
Off blode myne handes weren rede, 
Myn hert pei stongen M^ith a speie, 
That sawe alle pat weren pere. 20546 
Ther I hange nailed on pe tree, 20548 
My modre was wel wo for me, 
And also was hure cosin Ion ; 4^1 . 
I callid hure to me soone anon, 
And seide, * Ion, for my lone, 20653 
Kepe welpis wyf, I am hure sone. '20554 
Bope pei wenten po fro me, 20559 
Al one I hanged on pe tree, 4^6 

Mi soule fram my bodi I nam, [if7i,bk] 
In to pe pyne of helle sone I came. 
Alle my frendes pat I per fonde, 
i toke hetoL oute wtt^ my ry^t honde, 
Adam & Eue & many mo, ^^Jf 

I dide hem oute of helle go. 
When I hadde harwed heUe, 20567 
And don as I 30 w telle, 
And fet adam fro pe quede. 
The pridde dai I ros fro dede, 4^^ 
Fram erpe to heuene I cam, 
God & man bothe I am. 20572 

In heuene & in erthe is my my3t ; 
!Now I wol forpe in ry3t, ^7^ 

That my modre be me bi. 
This tyme I wol for-pi. 20576 

Comep with me with mury songe. 
And do we hure come vs amonge." 
Than cam ie^u with his mayne, .^75 
Aungeles, archaungeles, moche plente, 
In to pe chambre per sche was Inne, 
With ful many of hure kynne. 478 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



JOY WAS THERE ! JESUS GRANTS THAT MARY SHALL NOT SEE THE DEVIL, 1645 
lALL BE QUEEN OF HEAVEN, AND HE WILL FORGIVE SINNERS FOR HER SAKE. 



jhambere was ful of moche blis, 
ler is f er ie^u is) 4S0 

side alle ))at were fere, pea f 72] 
I a blis sawe ]>ei neuer eie. 
ige ])at loie & )>at glewe 
ladi. hure sone knew©, 206B8 
I sche him sawe, sche was glad ; 
le]) fe bede ];at sche bad. 4B6 
B, blessid mote f ou be, 
Jpou bicome man of me 1 20592 
I wel sene I an^ pee dere, 
(ji-self art com^en here ; 490 

apostles ))ou sendist furst to me, 
low f ou art come with )>i meyne 
jchyn me in to )>i my^t, 
leuer modre sone so bry^. 20598 
eue sone, now art pou come, 4^5 
pi meyne here a bone.i fjj^'^*^] 
ly sone, pat pi wille is, 20599 
B me pinkep longe I-wis." 
Ire," he seide, " come with me, 
e wymen best pee be^ 600 

schalt to heuen & be made .quene, 
)lipe may pine hert bene." 206.04 
3," sche seide, " I be-seke pee 
g pat pou graunt me, SO4 

[ noujt pe deuel se, [if72,bk] 

>ne pat euer with him be ; 

hem noujt, pei arn my fone, 
)lde I neuer sene hem none." 50$ 
er," he seide, "ne drede pee noujt, 
me it neuer in my pou3t. 
He I neuer pole more,i io^?hoi^ 
my of heni come pee bi-fpre ; 
hal pou neuer se ne here, SIS 
le <^ aungeles pine fere. 20616 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



Moder, a ^ift I schal pee 3yue, 20621 

Thou schalt with me in heuene lyue. 

And more sch^ I jeue pee, SI 7 

Al heuene companye schal seme pee ; 

Mo^iQ for pe loue of pee 20620 

I schal haue mercy ^ pite, 20623 

OflF al man kynne for pi praiere, 20624 

That were forlorn 3if pou ne were. 

Alle pat dou;i pee worschipe, 20627 

Aijid semen pee wel J^ treuliche, S24 

Biseke to pee & mercy wille crie, 

And seyn * help seynt marie ' ! 

In what pey;ae ao he be, 

Moder for pe iloT;ie of pee, S28 

I schal hem ;reles sone anone, [leaf 7s] 

]For pi loue I sich^l pus done. 20634 

jif any haue ben al his lyue 

In hede synne, maide or wyue, 

And he wille on his last prowe S33 

Schryue him & ben y knowe, 

Aijid telle it, jif he haue pe prest. 

Or a-noper man pat is him nest. 

And jif he ne mai do no more, 20641 

But pat him forpinkep sore. 

In what synne so he be, SS9 

Moder for fe loue. of pee, 

I schal on him haue mercy, 

Aj^d sittiein pei schulle wone pee hi 

3if a man hadde al-one wrou3t 20647 

Alle J>e synnes pat my3t be pou3t, 

Aixd he on his last dai, S45 

3if he none .ere ne mai, 

Eepent him, & calle to pee, 

In what synne so he be, 20652 

I schal here his praiere. 

For pi loue, modre dere. SSO 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



1646 JB8US BLESSED HIS MOTHER, AND GAVE HER SOUL TO ST MIOHABL, WHUB 
ANOELS SANO. HE GAVE HEB BODY TO THE CARE OF PETER AND JOHN, TO BE BURDSD. 



Al pat fou wolt bi-seke fore, 651 

Be it lasse, be it more, 

Hit schal ben aftur pi wille, [if 73, bk] 

For I it wille, & pat is skille, 

That no ping with-seie pee, 20659 

OflF pat pou wolt biseke me." 

Onre ladi knelid him bi-fom, SS7 
And seide, " pe tyme pat pc^u were 
Ouer alle opar blessed pou be, L"^^ 
For alle pat I wol pou grountest me." 
" So I aujt, moder, & so I wille," 561 
He left yp his bond & blessed hure stille. 
His blessing sche pou^t good, 20667 
And he hure soule vndrestode. 
He callid to hym seynt my3hel, 
" Thou kepe me pis soule wel, 566 
Thou and alle pine fere. 
Is no pinge me so dere." 20672 

Alle pat mayne pat cam fro heuene 20675 
Thei syngen vs a myry steuene. 
Men my3t wite bi here songe 571 
That moche ioie was hem amonge. 
"With alle pat mayne to heuew he hure 
And as soone as he per cam L^am, 
He made hure queue of heuen li3t, 575 
Blessid be hure sones my3t. Amen. 

Now schal we here of pe bodi, [leaf 74] 
Where it bi-cam & where it li. 
When pe soule was perefro hure nomen, 
Than bad god Peter to him comen, 
And seide, " Pete?*, I comaunde pee 
Mi moder bodi kepe pou me ; 20688 
ilohan & alle pine fere, ?Z'ZL72 
"Nia no pinge me so dere.^ 584 

When I furst in pis worlde cam, 20689 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



Off hure bodi flesche I nam, 686 

Off hure bodi I was bom ; 

Petyr, go forpe pou befom, 20692 

Thou & alle pine feres with pee. 

To losephat, to pat yale. 

And leip pe bodi in a stone ; 691 

Hauep no drede of joure fone. 

Goth with fjEdre processioun 

To ien^alem porwe pe toun, 20698 

Dop pe belles alle to ryngen, 

And loke pat je mury syngen. 696 

Loke pat je haue candele, 

Torches hope faire & fele ; 20702 

Foure of pe apostles schal bere pe beere, 

Ther on schal ligge me modre deere. 

Hauep no drede of no lew, [if74*bk] 

For I my-self schal be with 90W." 60^ 

When i^u hadde him so seide. 

And pe bodi was on here leide, 20708 

He 3af hem alle his blessinge. 

And stye to heuen per he is kynge. 

H To hym po seide seynt Ion, 607 

" Felawes, go we soone anon. 

And twme we pis processioun, 20718 

And synge we faire porw pis toun, " 

Ther was a lew hem amonge ^ 

Off pe apostles harde pe songe, 612 

To pe beere he cam lepand. 

And as he wolde lai^ on his hande 

To pe bere he cleued fast, p ms. aai] 

And to Petir he criede atte pe last, 

And seide, " Petir ! penkest pou nou3t, 

When pi lord was to vs broujt, 618 

Thou him forsoke & I pe knewel 

Praie for me," seide pe lewe, 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



/^ This story of the Jew Is enlaiged \ieTe, \t occwplee only 2i lines in the text :~207il to S0764.] 



A TfSWf ATTAOEING THB BIEB, IS OAUOHT, HE APPEALS TO PETER, WHO SETS 1647 
HDf FREE, HE BECOMES A CHRISTIAN PREACHER, CONVERTS 20,000 PEOPLE THAT DAY. 



" Praie )>i lord 3if I mai so be. 621 
That lie haue mercy on me. fdede 
Thenke," quod the lewe, " what I fee 
When J>ou was with vs in Jat stede. 
When fi lord was ytakyn, peaf 76] 

4nd Jou haddest him f orsakyn ; 626 
Oure mayne Jee knewe pat ilke nyjt, 
Bothe hi speche & by syjt. 
And seiden alle, for I stode j>ee bi. 
That )>ou was of lesua companye. 630 
Thou seidest with wordes &w/t^ poujt, 
For-soje )>at pou knewe him nou3t. 
Praie pi lord of moche myjt. 
And his moder pat art so bry3t. 
That he me help at pis stounde, 635 
For I was neuer so harde ybounde ! 
As I pee helped atte pi nede, 
jelde me Petir now my mede." 
Seynt Petir answerde po 
To pe lewe pat was so wo, 640 

" jif pou woldest leue on him 
That on pe rode dide pi kyn. 
That he is sopefast godes sone, 
God & man for him bicome, 
That marie bare in hure lyf, — 64^ 
Clone maide & clone wyf, 
Clene widewe wzt^oute wem, — 
For pee I wol praie pen. 
Jesn cryst ys li3tep aboue, aeaf 75, back] 
That he for his moder loue 650 

So jeue pee my3t for to go 
And bringe pee oute of pi wo." 
The lewe pat henge apouw pe here 
Answerde anone, as 30 mai here, 
" I leue wel, & better I schal done 
On iesu crist godes sone, 656 

B. H. ADDITIONAL 



That lewes diden on pe rode, 657 
And for vs he schedde his swete blode. 
That marie bare in hure lyf, 
Clene maiden & clene wyf. 
He brynge me, I praie it him, 
Oute of pe wo pat I am Inne." 662 
As soone as he hadde seide pis bede. 
He was al hole in pat stede, 
OflF fote of honde he hadde my3t, 
Alle his lymes bi-come ful ry3t. 666 
He stode vp swipe anone 
Bifore pe lewes euerechone. 
That suche a myracle hap done 
lesvL crist, godes sone, 670 

Of a wilde houwde hap made a lomb. 
To preche his worde in eche a lond. 
Seynt Petir, pat holi man, peaf 76] 

The lew he crystened anone. 
He tau3t him al his bileue, 675 

He wist he was to godes biheue ; 
He ordeyned him to prest anone, 
And bad him soone for to gone 
And prechen al of godes sone 
In eche alond where he come. 680 
That palm pat Petir helde in his honde, 
He toke it him porw godes sonde. 
And bad him godes wordes telle. 
Among pe lewes pat were so felle. 
So he spak pe furst day, 685 

That he twmed to godes lay 
Twenty pousand & sommedel mo 
Thorw wordes pat he spak po. 20764 
Foure of pe apostles pat were pere, 20715 
That swete bodi forpe pei here ; 
The lewes pat were godes fone, 20719 
Thei herde pe cri sone anone, 692 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



1648 6000 JEWS aOINO to attack the body pell contorted and bound, CHRIST 
SET them free on THEIR PRAYER POR MERCY, AND THEY BECAME CHRISTIANS. 



And pel asked wliat was pat crie, 693 
And men seiden it was man 20722 
That seynt Petir & his fere 
Bare fare apoun a beere. , 696 

" Alas," seide )>ei, ** for schame, [if 7«, bk] 
Ascape fei vs we i^hulle Jiaue blame, 
Arme we Ys alle sone anone, 20727. 
And take we hec^i alle per )>ei gone. 
That bodi pat Jjei bore t^J}^^ we it. 
And cast we it in a foule pit, 20730 
Or brenne we it, ^ do it somme wbei», 

Or cast we it in a f oide ^ere/ *i £,^;^»;/j{; J™ 
Thei comen lepand f iderwarde, 20736 
And fat hem fel swif e harde, 20735 
lesvL wolde nou3t pat scham,e^ 707 
He made hem bof e blynde & lame, 
OflF hem alle was per none 
That myjt a fote on erf e gone.^ 20740 
Here mouf es were to here nek went, 
Thei f ou3t alle fat f ei were schent, 
Bof e here feet & here handes 713 
Where bounde with stronge bandes. 
Fill sore bounden f ei were, 
For f ei ne myjt go ne here. 
Than comen here frendes hem to. 
And seide, " alas 1 whi seie 30 so, 718 
In 3oure armowr so fast ycli3t. 
That bef so faire & so bry3t ? fnouat 
S3oure speres, 3o?/r schildes, helpef 30W 
Tellef vs what 3e haue fou3t." p leaf 77] 
Thei answerd nou3t fat leyen fere. 
For f ei ne my3t hem no3t here, 724 
But somme of hem fat my3t speke 
Seide, " alas ! who schal vs wreke ; " 
And euer f ei cryede many a stounde, 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



"Alas! how harde we lie here ybounde." 
OflF fyue fousand was f er none 729 
That my3t of fat stede gone. 
Than 9.eide some fat stode hem bi 
That hadde ysene fat ferli, 
That seynt Petir & his fere 
Bare cure lad;! on a beere, 734 

" Thise men wolde bare haue nomen, 
And f us f ei ben oudr-comen. 
The ladi f ei wolde haue dot^n schame, 
Ther-fore f ei hauen godes grame." 
The folke hem bad mercy to crie 739 
To iesu. cryst of here folie, 
And leue fat ^e i^ godes fione. 
And sif en crysteu vlgix b^-come. 
" We hope fat iesxi schal sone tyme 
Delyuere 30W of joure pyne." 7jU 
Thei criede mercy with good wille, P^dJ* 
Somme lowde & sowme stille, 
Ai^d iesu, f orw his niochil my3t, 
Here feet & bandes rgan to ry3t ; 
Thorw myracle fat f er was donn, 749 
Bi-come cristene many on. 
And leuede on cryst & criede mercy, 
Th^t none of er god was so my3ty. 
The apostles went forf e on here way 
To losophat to fat valaj'', 20771 

When f e apostles comen were. 755 
Wei softe f ei setten doun f e beere, 
With gret deuocioun euerychone. 
Thei leide f e bodi in a stone. 
And bileft alle in fat stede, 759 

As cure ladi hadde hem bede. 
And woke f er al fat ny^t 
With many torches & candle ly3t.?'^^ 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



f» The remaining part of this version quite differs from the 84 remaining lines of tl»e text. Much of it is fresh matter] 



MANNA WAS FOUND WHERE THE BODY WAS BURIED. ST THOMAS WAS LATE, BUT 1649 
XABY GAVE HIM HER BELT IN SIGN OF HIS DESIRE TO COME TO OONVINOE HIS FELLOWS. 



On J>e morwe when it was dai, 763 

Thei loked where fat bodi lai, 

Thei ouertwrned fat ilke stone, 

Bodi fei founde fer none. 

But fei sawe in fat stede f ana, 767 

liand as it were amana ; [i leaf 78] 

^That mawna bitokened hure clene lyf, 

That Bche was modre, maide, & wyf. 

The wist f e apostles I-wis 

The bodi was in to paradis, 772 

Also godes wille was, 

Thei seide Deo gracias. 

Seynt Thomas of 3ri^de fiderward capi. 

Also blyue as he myjt gai^. 

And wolde haue ben at hure fyne 777 

jif he my3t h^ue come bi tyme. 

As he loked him bi-side, 

He sawe a bri3tnesse bi him glide, 

Bi fat stede f er he come 

Oure ladi to hei^ene was nome. 782 

He knelede doiin & seide, '' ladi 

Off me I pmie 30W hane mercy, 

Ladi, qnene of heuene lyjt, 

For fine swete mychel my^t, 

Sende me token f is ilke day, 787 

What finger fat I say may 

To ioijDi felawis fer I hem fynde,^ \}aie] 

That I was toward f i buriynge 

Thei wil noujt leue fat I were ; 

l^ow grottnt me ladi my praiere." 792 

• Abowte hure my ddel a seynt sche sou^t, 

Thatschehureself haddewroujt ^^f' 

Off silk & gold wounden in pal, 

Doun to thomas sche lete it fal. 

He toke yer f e gurdel in his honde, 

And f anked hure of hure sonde. 798 

104 B. M. ADDITIONAL 



Forf e he went of fat stede, 799 

Toward f e toune he him dede, 

His felawis for to seke on his fete, 

^if he hem ou^t my^t mete. 

Atte f e temple dominus 

He fonde hem alle in an hous. 8O4 

When he hem sawe he gret hem, 

And f ei answerde alle hym, 

And seiden, " thomas of ynde, 

Euer art f ou bi-hynde, 

Whare hast f ou so longe bene % 809 

We haue buried heuene quene, 

Thou helpest nojt at no good dede, 

Thou failest euer at ii^ost nede." 

" Sore me for-f ii^ef fat I ne was here, 

But I ne my3t come no nere, 8I4. 

Blessed be sche quene of blis 

In fat stede f er now sche is. 

For wel I wote bi my fou3t [leaf 79] 

Ther 3e hure left is sche nou3t." 

Than seide to him sone anone 819 

Bothe Petir & seynt lone, 

'' Thou ne woldesjb leue, thomas, 

That oure lord fram deth ras, 

Come f ou art mys-bUeuyd 

And tales ynow f ou canst fynde ; 824 

Thou leuest nou3t on godes craft, 

Swylk felawis wille we nau3t." 

" Be stille," he saide, " brof er lone, 

Whi chyde 3e me euerychone % 

I am ful wery man for-gone, 829 

Mp i^e list answeri neuer one. 

But I f anke oure lord god 

I sawe hure wit/i ilesche & blood, 

Ther oure ladi to heuene went, 8SS 

Here is f e token fat sche me sent." 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



1650 THE APOSTLES RECOGNIZE MART's BELT, ALL PRAT ROUND HBBlOHB, WHIKC8 
A CLOUD BEARS EACH BACK TO HIS OWN COUNTRY. JESUS ! BLESS THIS LIFE TO ALL. 



Quath seynt Petir, " ])at is sothe, 8S$ 
This seynt sche hure-self wof, 
We dide it on hure in )>e beere, 
Wonder me )>inke)) fat it is here. 
Go we swife in to Je vale, 
To wite ])e sothe of )>is tale 840 

That he hap vs here yseide, Wmf'ft^tAi 
For it was in J)e tumbe ylaide,'* 
Oute of )>e place 8wi])e ])ei jede, 
And ]ye tumbe ])ei vndede, 
No Jing )>er-Inne J»ei ne fouwde 845 
But a manere floure at )>e grounde, 
That floure was manna yclepid, 
Hit was in )>e tumbe ystekyd. 
Thei 3eden alle abowte ^ tumbe, 
And knelede on ])e bare grounde, 860 
And seiden, " ie^, godes sone, 
Al pi sonde be welcome, 
Myjtful art pou, heuene kynge. 
That mai we wite bi pis tokenynge, 
For no man mai wite ne se, 855 

What is pi derne pnuete." 
Cryst of heuene pat is so bry3t, 
Amonge pe apostles sone he lyjt, 
And gret hem alle yfere, 859 

With aungeles f ele pat with him were, 
And seide, " now pees be wet^ vs. 
Blessed be 30," seide le^us. 
A ly3t cloude come after pan 
And ouer sprad hem euery man, 864 
And bar hem alle pat were pare Deaf so] 
In-to here stedes per pei preched ere. 
And fonden alle pat folke 3ete, 
Sittand stille atte here fete. 
And pei bigowne for to preche. 
And pe folke for to teche. 870 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



Moche wondre hem po poxi^t 871 

How pei wema pidre broa3t. 

Mi3tful art pou heuene kynge, 

lesvL Crist in alle pinge. 

The apostles kneled in pat stede, 

To iesvL pei bede a bede, 876 

Ie«u herde here praiere, 

For pei were him leue & dere. 

WEbiseche peeforallepatheieppts 
Off oureladi seynt marie, L^ 
That legu. schelde hem fram grome, 
Fro dedly synne & fro schame, 8U 
Ke mys auenture schal bi&Ue pot Bua 
That pis a vie here can. 
If e no womman pat ilke dai 
That of 0UI8 ladi here^ pis Ld 
Dien ne schal of hure cbilde, 887 
For cure ladi hure schal be mylde. 
^Ne none mys auenture achall be-ialle 
In felde, in strete, ne in halle, 
In stede per pis vie is rad, pi«rf»,bieii 
For oure ladi hure sone it bad. 89^ 
And pe archibisshop, seynt Edmotid, 
Hap graunted xl daies to pardons 
To alle pat pis vie wol here 
Or with good wille wol lere. 896 

lem, for pi modre lone 
That wonep in heuene vs aboue, 
Graunt vs 3lf pi wille is 
The mochil loie of paradis, 900 

A praier per-to seie alle we, 
A Pater noster, pt^r cheurite. 
And an Aue Marie per-to, 
That lesua vs graunt so. Amen 904 

Celi regina sit scWptori medicina. 

B. M. ADDITIONAL 



1651 



APPENDIX III. 

The Prologue ; from the only other MSS. (besides the four principal texts) in which it 
has yet been found ; namely, Laud 416 (Bodleian), Bedford, and Herald's 

College, Arundel 67. 



*1f Here begynnytR the boke of* 
sixxcius callid Cursor mundi / 

Men lykyn leetis for to here 
And Tomans rede in dinars 
manerd 
Of" Alexandre y conqueroure. 
Of lulitM Cesar the emperoure 
Of" Grece an<J troy the strong stryf" 5 
There many a man lost his lyf* 
Of* Bmte that baron) bold of> bond 
The first oonqnerourd of* Englond 8 
Of kyng artoni* that was so riche 
Was noid in his tyme so lyche ["feUe / 
Ot wondirs that among his knyghtis 
And anntirs dedyiD as men here telle 
As GaweyiD kay & othir fafi abyl} 
Whic^ that kept the round tabytt 
how kyng charlis & rowlond fawght 
With sarzyns nold they be cawght 16 
Of" Trystrem & of" ysoude y swete 
how they with loye first gan mete 
Of kyng John & of Isombras 
Of ydoyne & of Amadas 20 

Stories of diuerce thyngg^ 
Of pryncis prelate Ss of kjnggia 
Many songg^^ of diners ryme 
As English frensh & latyne 24 

To lede & here many is prest 
Of thyngg9!» that hem lyky]) best 

LAUD MS. 




[ileaf66(cxvy.)] 

en 3eme)> gestis forto here Dn, coi. i] 
And romance Eede in diners 

manerd 
Off alexandire Je conqneroure 
Off lulius cesere Jje emperour ' 
Off grece & troy & strong stryf 5 

J)ere many man lost his life 
Off brut )>at barone bold of bond 
First conqueroure of Inglond 8 

Off kyng artot^r pat was so riche 
Ifon in his toun was him Hche 
Off wondris pat hill^ knightys felle 
And autot^rs dide men herd telle 12 
As Gawyn and Gay & oper able p»fc] 
Forto kepe pe rond table 
How king Charles & rovlond faght 
WiJ) sarsyns nold J)ay be saght 16 
Of trestrem & of Esand pe swete 
How p&y -mp loue first gan mete 
Of king lohn & of Isuwbras 
Of Edoyn & amadas 20 

Of storis of diuers ^inges 
Of prynces prdatis & of kingia 
Mane songes & diuers ryme 
In Inglisshe frenche & latyn 24 

To rede & here mane ere prest 
Of Jyinges )>at hem like]) best 

BEDFORD 



1652 MEN ARE KNOWN, LIKE TREES, BY THEIR FRUITS; MANY SPEND THBIB 1 
YOUTH IN LOVE AND POLLY, AND THINK NOT OF FALLINQ. 



The wyseman wille of* wysedom here 
The fole hym drawyf to foly nere 28 
The wrong to here ]>• rig&t is lothe 
And? pride Wit^ buxvmnes is wrothe 
Of* chastyte the lechoui* hatfi lyte 
Charyte a-yen wretR wifl flyte 32 
Anc) by the frute may men oft se 
Of* what vertu is eche a tre . 
An(J euery tote Jat men may fyndl 
he hatti from the rote his kyn<$ 36 
Of* good? pyrthe come good peris 
A were tre wers frute beris 
Whan I speke \fU8 of* this tre 
hyt bytokenyj? man bothe y & me 40 
This frute bytokenyf alle our* dedis 
Bothe good? & eviH who-so rigfit redis 
Oure dedis froiQ oui* hart take rote 
Whethir they tume to bale or bote 
' flfor by that thyng man drawi]> tylle 
Men may hym know for good? or ille 
Ensampytt here-by to hem I sey 
That rage in h^r ryot alle-wey u coi. 2] 
In Riot and in rygolage 49 

Many spend her youjj® & her age 
iFor now is he holdyn noght in shouris 
But he can love paramours 52 

That folis lyf* that vanyte 
Ther* is lykyd now non) other gle 
Hyt is but fantasy y you sey 55 

To-day it is to-morpw a-wey fhert 
With chaunce of* def ® / or chaunge of* 
That soft by-gan / endij? fuH smert 
ffor when f ou wei^yst yt truyst to be 
Thow shalt from yt or yt from the 60 
he that wenyj? styffyst to stond 
Ware hym /his falle is next at bond 

LAUD MS. 



pe wyse man wille of wisdom lere . 

fe foole hym drawe]> to foly nere 28 

po wrong to here right is \of 

And prid wip boxsumnes is wiof i 

Of chastite pe lichore ha}y lite 

And wra)> a-jene charite flite 32 

Bot be pe froyt men may affce see 

Of what vertu is ])e tre 

And iche front pat men may fynd 

He ha]) fro Je rote his kynd ^36 

Of gode pery come]) gode peris 

pe wers tre pe wers fix)yt berys 

pat I say pus of pis tre 

Be tokenep man bop pe & me 40 

pis ^t b0 tokenep all oure dedes [ooi.s] 

Bop god & euil who so right ledis 

Oure dedis fro oure hert tak rote 

Wheper pay torn to bale or bote 44 

For be pat ping men drawen tylle 

Men may hym know for goode or [ille] 

In sapil to hem I may say 

pat regnep in her Reaijt all way 48 

In Eiaut & in Ricolage 

Spenden mane her 3ounge age 

For now ys he holden noght in stours 

But he loue paramours 52 

pat folye lyf pat vanite 

Hym like3p now non oper gle 

It is bote fantise for to say 

To-day it is to-morn away 56 

Wip chaunce of dep or chaunce of herte 

pat soft be-gan ende ful smerte 

For when pov wenest it trewest be 

pov schalt fro it or it fro pe 60 

He pat wenep styfest to stond 

Whare hym his falle is next to bond 

BEDFORD 



BUT WE BLESS THAT LOVE THAT HELPS US TO WIN HEAVEN, THE LOVE 1653 

OF MART OUGHT TO FILL BOTH GEST AND SONG. 



When lie so sone downe is brogtit 
Whejer to wen(J wote he noght 64 
But to whom his love hath hym led 
To take suche mede shalle he be sted 
jSbr there shalle mede witA-'Outyn let 
By set to hym for dew det 68 

Therfor blesse we Jat paramour* 
That in oui* nede dothe vs socoui* 
That savylfi vs in erthe fro synne 71 
And hevyn blisse helpyth to wyiine 
ITor thogh fou sum tyme be vntrew 
. hir love is evir elyche new 
hir love is evyr trew & lele 
ffuH swete yt is to maiinys hele 76 
Suche oper in erthe is foundyn non) 
ITor she is modir & maydyn allon) 
Modir & maydyn nevirtheles 
Theifor of hir toke Ihe^u flesh 80 

[ 

no gap in the M8,'\ 

And in this lyf" she faylyf nevir 
And in the todir lastytife evir 84 

Of» suche oon shuld fe mater take 
Ye crafty that can rymys make 
Ofi hir to make bothe lest & song 
Alid preyse her swete sonne among 
What bote is yt to set travayle 89 
On thjmg / that wille noght avayle 
> That is but fantasy of* this world 
As yt is yn many boke rold 92 

Maters fynde we may in dede [ife6,bk] 
Bymys of* her to make & rede 
WhoHSO wille of" her feirenes spelle 
%nde he may y-now to telle 96 

[ 



no gap in the MS.^ 

LAUD MS. 



When he so sone douTj is broght 
Whilper to wend wote he noghte 64 
But to whom his loue haf hym lede 
To take swiche mede schall he bestede 
For ]>ere schall mede wifoutew lette 
Be set to hym for deu dette 68 

]>erfor blyse we fat paramore 
)>at in owre nede dof vs socowre 
fat sauit vs in erf e fro syne 
And makif vs fe blis to wyn 72 

For yf I sumtyme be on treu 
Her loue ys euer eliche new 
Her loue is euer trew & lele 
Ful swete yt is to mannis hele 76 
Swiche on ofer in erf e is non 
For sche is modyr & inayde allon 
Modyr & maydyn neuer f e lese 
Of her toke f erfor ie^u fleche 80 

Who so louef welle f is lewman P^^' ^* 
He schall haue f e loue fat neuer schall 
For in f is lyfe sche faylef neuer L^^^^ 
And I in fat of er lastef eue?' 84 

Of swich on schul 3e mater take 
Je crafty fat con rymes make 
Of here to make bof gest & song 
And prayse her swete son among 88 
What bote is it to set trauaile 
Of f ing fat no f ing may a-vaile 
fat is bot fantosys of f is worlde here 
And we I-nogh haue sene & here 92 
Matirs may we fynd in dede 
Bimes of here to mak & rede 
Who so wille of here faymes spelle 
Fynd he may I-nogh to telle 96 

Of here goodnes & here trowhede 
Fynd he may a bout to spede 

BEDFORD 



1654 I WILL BflGIN A LASTING WOBK IN HONOUR OF OUB LADY, WITH OHBIBl'S 
HELP I WILL BUN OVBB THB WOBLD, BEGINNINQ WITH THB TBINITT; 



Of* trewtfi of* love & chaiyte 
"Was nevir hir make nor nevir slialbe 
lady she is of* pepils alls 101 

Meke & myld wit^utyn galle 
Next and nedefuH to calle an 
And reysitfi evir ]>• synfoH man 104 
IhesM made that maydyn swete 
Alle our' balls for to lete 
Men may sone hir help know 107 
She prayei^ for synfuti hie & low 
Who dose hir worship may be bold 
She wille hym yeld an hundird fold 
IT In her worshyp be-gynne wille I 
A werk* fat shuld be lastyngly 112 
ffor to do men know hyr kynne 
That mnche worship did vs wynne 
Som manor Uiyng is good to knaw 
That done was in the old law 116 
Be-twyxt the old law & J)* new 
how Cryst vs bote by-gan to brew 
I shalle you shew by myn) entent 
Sothely of* hir testament 120 

Alle this world ar this boke blynne 
With Crystw help I shalle ovir-rynne 
And telle sum lest pryncypale 
ffor alle may no man haue in tale 124 
But no werk* welle last may 
Wit/i-out good ground to last ay 
Therfor this werk* I wille found 
On a selcowj?® stedfast ground 128 
That is the holy trenyte 
J5at alle is made of* his bounte 
fl&rst at hym-self* I set my merk* 
And after to telle of* his hond-wel'k* 
Of the Angils that first felle 133 

& sithe I wille of* adam telle 

LAUD MS. 



Of trew]) of loue & charlte 
Was jxener here mak ne neuer schall be 
Ladye sche is of peple alle 101 

Meke <& milde ynponten gaUe 
Nexte to nedfol fat here call on 
And reyse]) euer fe synful man 104 
lesu mad pat mayden swet 
Alle oxae balls for to bete 
Her by men may her help well know 
Sche prayit for synfull hy & low 108 
Who so do^ here worschip may be told 
Sche wille hym 3elde and hondre]» fold 
In here worschipe begyn wold I 
A werke pat sohulde be lastingly 113 
Forto do men know her kin 
And pat moche worschipe dide vs wyne 
Som maner ^ing is goode to knaw 
pai don was in pe olde law 116 

Betwyx pe olde law & pe new 
How crist be-gan cure bote to brew 
I schall 30W schew be myn entente 
Trewly of her testament 120 

[Al]le Jjis world or pis boke blyn 
[WijtAcrystyshelpel schall ouer rynne 
And telle of pe prencipale M. «] 

For all may no man haue in talle 124 
Bot no werk welle last may 
Without gode ground to last ay 
pere fore pis werke I wille found 
On a ful stedfast grouwd 128 

pat is pe holy trmite 
pat alle made of his beute 
H Fyrst atte him self I sette my mark 
And after to telle of his hand werke 
Off pe auwgels pat first fell e 133 

And Sep of adam I wille telle 

BEDFORD 



L TELL OF ADAH, ABRAHAM, JACOB, JOSEPH, SAUL, DAVID, AND 1655 

SOLOMON. 



140 

[If 66, bk, 
ooLS] 



143 



8 ospryng & of* noee 

jum-what of* his sonnys thre . 

raham & also of* ysaac 137 

loly were wit^-outyn lak* 

L shati I telle you new 

Bob & of ysaew 

I shalle ye here yt tolcJ 

oseph was bog&t & sol($ 

3 lewis & of moyses 

jod? his folk" to lede / hym ches 

od by-gan the law hym yeve 

L the lewis shulc) in leve 

111 / the kyng & of* Davy 

e fawght a-yen goly 148 

ithe of* Salamon y wyse 

e was Crafty lustyse 

ryst cam thorogti prophesy 

ne folk* for to by 152 



OflF his ospring and of Noye 

And som what of his sones fre 136 

Off abram and of Isaac 

fat holy were with outen lak 

SeJ schall I telle jow now 

Off iacob and of Esaw 140 

Se]) Schal ^e here tolde 

How loseph was boght & sold 

Of J)e lewes & of moyses 

]>at gode his folke to lede he ches 144 

How god began hym fe law to jife 

Which fe lewes schuld In life 

Of saule fe king & of dauy 

How he faght ajen goly 148 

And aep of salamon j>e wyse 

How he was craf ti lustys 

How cryst cam )>urgh prophesy 

His owen folke a-jene to by 152 



LAUD MS. 



BEDFORD 



1656 I WILL TELL OF MABY AND HER OHILD, OF THE MASSAOBB OF TBI 

INNOCENTS AND OF THE FLIGHT INTO BOTPT j 



Sithe yt shalle be ra() you than) 153 
Of* ioachym & of seint Anne 
Of* mary also hir doughter myld 
how she was born) & born) hir chile) 
how she was bore when & whare 167 
how she hym to y tempyH bare 
Of* tho kynggw that hym sowght 
That iij* presents to hym broght 160 
how that herowde kyng with wrong 
ffor Crystis sake slow childryn yong 
how that Ihe^u to. Egipt fled 
And how he was thens led 164 

And there shulle ye here many a dede 
That Ihe^u did in his childhede 
Sithen of* the baptyst lohn 
That baptyst Ihesn in flum lordon) 
how IhesM after his fastyng long 169 
Was temptyd with the spryte of* wrong 
Sithen of* lonnys baptysyng 
Andhowhymbyhedid herowde J)® kyng 
how that IhesM Cryst hym-selve 173 
Chese to hym Apostils twelve 
And opynly by-gan to preche 
And alle that syke wer* to leche 176 
And did myrakyls many & ryve 
Wherfor y iewis by-gan to stryve 
Sithen how god of* his mig!it 
Tumyd watir in-to wyrie right 180 
Of* fyve thowsand men that he 
With flfyve lovis fed & fysshis thre 
Of* A man shall we than fynd 183 
That god yaf* sight & born) was blynd 
And of* the spowsebrech of* a woman) 
That y lewis deniyd to stone neafe?] 

LAUD MS. 



Sep it schalle be rede 30V fan 153 
Of loachim & seynt tane 
How she was bom^ & bare hir child 
Of mary allso hir dowtir myld 156 
How sche was bom & whan & wher 
How sche hir chyld to pe tempil bare 
And of pQ kynggis pat hym sowfte 
And pTQ presentis pej him bro3t 160 
How pe kyng heratid with wrong 
For crystis sake slow childrin yofig 
How pat lesuB to egipte fledde 163 
And how he was ]>ens ledde Otf 8^001.1] 
And peie schul ^e here mane a dede 
pat lesus did in his child-hedd 
And Bep of baptist lohn 167 

How he baptist crist in flom iordon 
How iesus siter his fastyng long 
Was temtid wij) J)e sprit wrong 
Sep of lohwes baptyssyng 
How him hedede herowd pe king 172 
How pat iesus crist him self 
Chess to him apostelles twelf 
And ap'Only gan to preche 
And alle pe sek for to leche 1?6 

And dide miracles mane & rif 
Wherfore pe lewes gan to stryf 
Sej) how god of his might 
Torned wat^r to wyne right 180 

How fyue Jjowsand men pat he 
Fede with v loues & fisses |)[r]e 
Off a man schal we fan fynde 183 
fat god 3af sight & born was blynd 
And of f e spowsbreche of a woman 
fat f e lewes demed to stond 

BEDFORD 



OF ohbist'&l fasting and temptation, of his baptism, pbeachino, 165 

AND MIRACLES. 

[MS. GolL of Arms (in Anindd pi'ess, 

57), leaf 1, sign. A ii, col. 1.] 
Sipye bit shal be rad 30W ]>aime 153 
Of ioacbym and of seynt anne 
Of mary also bir doubter mylde 
How sbeo was bom & bare bir cbyld^ 
How sbeo was bore wbenne & wbar6 
How sbeo bym to pe tempel bare 
Of fo kynges pat bim sou3te 
Tbat ]>re presentes to bim broujte 1 60 
How J>at beroude kyng wij> wrong 
For crystes sake slow3e cbilderen jong 
How pat iesvL^ to egipte fledde \} ibu] 
And bow be was pennes ledde 164 
And y&re sbul jee bere many dede 
pat iesvL^ dide in bis obildebedti 
Sipen of pe baptiste Ion 
pat baptized iesu, in flum iurdon 168 
How iesvL aftur bis fastynge longe 
was temptide wip pe spirit of wibwge 
Sipen of iones baptizyng 171 

And bow bym beuedede beroude pe 
How pat ie«u crist bym selue [kiwge 
Cbees to bym apostles twelue 
And openly bigan to precb6 
And alle pat seko were to lecbe 176 
And dide inyracles mony & ryfe 
wberfore pe iewes bigon to stryfe 
Sippe bow god of bis myjte 
Titmed watir in to wyn rijte 180 

Of fyue pousande men pat be 
Wip fyue looues fedde & fissbes pre 
Of a man sbal we pen fynde 183 

pat god jaf si3te & borne was blynde 
And of pe spouse-bricbe of a wommon 
pat pe iewes demed to stoon • 

COLL. OF ARMS. 



1958 I WILL TELL OF MART MAGDALBNX, OF IftARTSU, iUO OF LAJBABUB, Of 

THE PASSION OF OHBIST AND HIS BEBDBBBOTION ; 



how he heli($ A man in feere 
That syke was xxvi^j yere 188 

how mary mawdeleyn with gBoai 
Come to wasli oai* loatdas feet 
Ot hix k of martha also 
That huysy was abowte cryst J»* 192 
Of lazar that ded lay ynder stone 
how he was leysid in flesh & bone 
how y lewis IheflU oft he-set 
And for his prechyng also hym thret 
how they naylid hym on y rode 197 
& how they shed his preshious blode 
And if godf wille ]>an sh£^ I telle 
how he sethyn harowid helle 200 
how lewis 'with her grete vnskytt 
Went his vprysing to stille 
how he vprose & sethyn vp-stay 
Many A man yt hard Ss say 204 

how that he of mightis most 
Sent to erthe the holy gost 
Towchyng y Appostils of her feste 
how they endid most & leste 208 
how our* lady endid & yold 
hir semely soule yt shalbe told 
how y holy Cros was kyd 
long after that yt was hyd 212 

Of Antecrystis comyng J)at shalbe kene 
And of the dredfuti dais fyftene 
That shulle come to-fore dome^-day 
Sithen of the dome wille I say 216 
Then of oui* lady's momyng mode 
When her sonne hyng on rode 
The last reason that I shall spelle 
Of her concepczon wille I telle 220 
Thise are the maters good & trew 
That in this boke wille I shew 

LAUD MS. 



How helid a man yat was ynfeie 
^t sek Was eght & piety yete 188 
Howe mary mawdelyn wi^ grot 
Com to wassh oxae lorde^ fete 
How sche and martha also 
Wer bessy about crist fo 192 

Of la^ar fat ded lay in ston 
How he was raysed flesshe & bona 
How pe lewes oft le^u besete 
For his preching also him ^te 196 
How pay payned hym on pe rode 
And how pa,j sched his blissed bk)d 
And }if god wille ]yan schal I telle^ 
How fat gode heryed helle ^®^J^ 
How pe lewee wij) gret vnskylle 201 
Wend his resureotion to stille 
How he vpros & aep xp stey 
Mane a man it herd <& say [eni^ 

How pat he of might is most 205 
Sent to pe expe pe holigost 
Touchyng fe postilles of her feeste 
And how ))ay endyd most & leeste 208 
How oure lady endede & ^oulde 
Here semly sowle it schal be tolde 
How pe holy cros was kid 
Long after it was hide 212 

Off antecrist comi[n]g fat schall be ken 
And of Jje dredful days fiften 
fat schal com afore domes-day 
Sefe of fe dome wille I say 216 

fan off owre ladis momi[n]g mode 
When ie^u hang vpon f e rode 
f e last resouTi fat I wille sp^ 
Of fe concepcion wille I telle 220 
f is ben f e matris rede & row 
fat in f is bok I wille schow 

BEDFORD 



OF THB HOLT OH08T, THX APOSTLES, DEATH OF MART, FIKDIKO OF THE HOLT 165$ 
OBOSS ; OF ANTBQHBI8T, 16 SIGNS OF DOOM, SOBBOW OF MART, AlTD THB OONCEPTION 

How he heled a man vnf ere 
fat seek was ey3te Ss twenty ^ere 188 
How maiy maudelene wi^ grete 
Coom to wasshe ouie lordes fete 
Of liir and of martha also 
^t bisy was aboute cryst ))oo 192 
Of lazarj^atdeedelayvndirstoon [ooLt] 
How he was leised in flesshe Ss boon 
How iewas ion ofte blaette 195 

And for his prechyng also him ]yrette 
How j)ei pjmed hym on J>e rode 
And how fd. shedde his blessed blode 
And ^if god wole ))enne shal I telle 
How he si])^n harrewede helle 200 
How iewes wij> her greete vnskille 
Wende his vprysynge to stille 
How he vp rocs & sijjen vp stay 
Mony a man hit herde & say 204 
How ]>at he of my3tes moost 
Sende to er]>e ^e holy goost 
Touchynge ^e apostles of her feest 
How pei endede meest and leest 208 
How oiire lady endede and jolde 
Hir semely sonle hit shal be tolde 
How ^e holy cros was kidde 
Longe aftir J)at hit was hidde 212 
Of antecristes coome pat shal be kene 
And of pe dredeful dayes fiftene 
]>at shul come bifore pe domes day 
Si]>en of pQ doom wole I say 216 

]^n of oure ladyes monmyng mode 
whenne hir sone henge on rode 
pe laste resoun ))at I shal spelle 
Of hiif concepcioun wole I telle 220 
peae are po materes red on rowe 
. ^t in p\a book wole I shows 

COLL. OF ARMS. 



1660 MAN OUGHT TO KNOW HOW HE BEGAN IN THE WORLD. THIS BOOK IS 
TRANSLATED INTO ENGLISH FOR THE OOMMON FOLK. 



Shortly rennyug on this dede 
ffor many thei' Am for to spede 224 
KedefuU: me thynk* yt wei' to man 
To know hym-flelf» how he by-gan 
how he by-gan in world to brede 
how his ofispiyng by-gan to sprede 
I Bothe of the first <& of* the last 229 
In what coors p* worlc) is past 
After holy chirchis estate p ie«f «7, ooL 2] 
This ylk* boke is translate 232 

Into English tong to rede 
ffor the love of* english lede 
ffor comyn folk* of* Englond 
Shuld the better yt vnderstond 236 

[ 



Schortly rynni[n]g on J>is dede 

For per be mane p&re forto sped 224 

Kedf ul me ]>iiikit it were to man 

To know hym self how he began 

How he began in world to died 

How his ospryng gan to sprede 228 

Bop of pe first & of pe last 

How Ss what coors pia world is past ~ 

After holy chircfhe state 

]>is ilke is translat 232 

Into Inglissh for to rede 

For loxte of ^e tnglisshe lede 

For pe comon folk of Inglond 

Schuld it better yndir-stond 236 

[ ' • ' 



no gap in the MS.] 

That speche pat most vs may spede 
Most to speke yt war* grete nede 244 
Syldyn it is for any chaunce 
English tong prechid in fraunce 
yeve we eche lond his language 
Then do we non) outrage 248 

To lewde men english y spelle 
that vnderstondijj what I can telle 
And? to hem speke I alle-ther-most 
That ledyth her lyfis in pride & bost 
That spendyp her lyf* in tyrandyse 
And might amend in many wyse 254 

[ 

no gap in the AfJS,] 

Wo shalle hem be / her lyf* to spend 
That fynde per-of* no frute at end 258 

LAUD MS. 



720 gap in the MS.] 

pat speche pat vs most may spede 
Most to spek it were gret nede 244 
Seldom is for an chauwce 
IngHsshe tong praysed & frau/ice 
Jif we 3if iclie lond his lang[age] 247 
J)an do we none outrage [ieaf2,back,coi.i] 
To lewed men Inglisshe to spelle 
pat vndirstondej) what I con telle 
And to hem speke I alldirmost 

■ 

pat lede here Hues in prid & bost 
And spend her lyues in trowandis 
And might a-mend in manes wise 254 

[ 

no gap in the MS.] 

Wo schall hem be her lif so spend 
pat fynd per of no frute at end 258 

BEDFORD 



ENGLISH IS NOT USED IN FRANCE, LET EACH COUNTRY HAVE ITS OWN 1661 
LANOUAOB. I SPEAK CHIEFLT TO THOSE WHO SPEND THEIR TIME IN TRIFLES. 

Shortly rennynge on J)is dede 
For mony fer aren for to spede 224 
Xedeful me finke hit were to man 
To knowe hym self how he bigan 
How he bigan in worle to brede 
How his osprynge bigan to sprede 228 
Bofe of pe firste and of J>e la[st]e 
In what course ))is world is paste 
Aftir holy chirches astate 
]>i8 ilke book is translate 23^ 

In to englisshe tonge to rede ^*^}*J?*^*» 
For pe loue of englisshe lede 
For comune folke of engelonde 
Shulde ]>e better hit yndir^tonde 236 

[ 



f 



no gap in the MS.] • 

]>at speche pat moost vs may spedo 
Moost to speke hit were greet nede 24i 
Selden hit is for any chaunce 
EngUsshe tonge precised in frauTice 
5yue we vche loijde ys langage 
penne do we ^oo^ outrage 248 

To lowed men englisshe I spelle 
J>at vndirstondej) what I con telle 
And to hem speke I ilper ^oost 
pat ledejj her lyues in pryd,e & boost 
And spenden her lyues in treuandise 
And my3te ameijden in mony wyse 

[ ' ' • ' • 

no gap in the MS.] 

"Wo shal hem be her lyf so spende 
pat fynde per-of no fruyt at pe ende 258 

COLL. OF ARMS. 



1662 



WB BBQIV 09B BOOK IN THE NAMB OP CHRIST. 



[ 



[ 



no gap in the MS!] 

Now of* this prolog wille we blyn 266 
In CrysttV name ooi' boke by-gyn 
Cource of* this world men shuli: yt calle 
ffor alle-most yt rehersi)) att 268 

Take we ooi' begynnyng )>an 
Of* hym that alle ^is world by-gan 270 



no gap in the M8!\ 

Now of fis prologe will I blin 265 

In criste name owr boke begyn 

^e cours of ]>e world men scbal bit eaDe 

For nere band it is rebersid alio 26^ 

Take we owre be-gynnyng ^aa 

Off bym \ai alle J)is world began 270 



HeritiL now of tbe trenyte dere Here now of the trenite deiecm^MLi] 

And of* tbe makyng of* this world And makyng of ))i8 worlde bare 
here 

[The Laud MS. ends with leaf 181, [The Bedf(yrd MS. ends vnthlmfW, 
back ; there are several leaves want- hack, — '] 

ing,—] 



Oui* fadir maker of* alle tbyng 
That nevyr shalle haue endyng 

Amen. 

Explicit Cursor mundi . 



And sende vs grace pat day to Rise 
To blis with pat trew lustis 22004 

Amen. 

Explicit \>e beg^ynnyng off pe worlde 
off ]7« trenite >« Fadir & Son & holi- 
gost ]>« Making off ^e worlde ft of 
adam ft Ene ft afltir of IToye ft So 
Fro noye to Abraham ft So donne y 
Oenelagy of our lady ft p^ birth off 
Crist ft his pascion ft Besnrrezion 
ft So Many oper djaers maters ft So 
to pe day of dome ft ^e Comyng of 
antecrist ft So to ]>e laste day of 
IngemeTzt 



LAUD MS. 



BEDFORD 



(thb bnoinos of the thrbb mss.) 1663 



[ 



no gap in the M8.'\ 

Nowof ]yis prolougewoleweblynne 266 
In ciystes nome oure book bygynne 
Conis of ]>is world men shul hit calle 
For almeest hit reherse)) alle 268 

Take we oure bigynnynge )>an 
At hym ]yat al J)is world bi-gan 270 

Here]) now of ])e trynite dere 

And of ^e mal^ng of ]>i8 world here 

[The Coll. of Arms MS, ends toUh 
leaf 132, back, — ] 

Oure fadir maker of alle J)ing 
peA neuer ahal haue endyng 

AMEN, 

[Collation of the MS : a flyleaf of 
music, a 1 torn off, a 2-8, b in 8, e t 
torn outf c 2-8, d 1-8, ^ 1, 2 torn out, 
e 3-8; ^ g, h, i, in 8'; k 1-4 (A: 6 out), 
k 6-8 ; 1, m, n, 0, p, in eights ; q 1-7 
(q 8, r 1, 3, 3 cut out), r 4-8 ; s, t, u, 
z, y, z in eights ; ends incompletely.] 



OOLIi. OF ARMS. 



1664 (parable op king and pour daughters from the BEDFORD MS.) 



Specimen from the fiedford MS.,^ /. 78, col 1. 
(See Unes 9517 to 9762 of text, Part II, pp, 549i— 561.) 



[Parable of the King and his Four 
Daughters.] 

If was . a king*, of mochett pnce, 
Eiche/. worpy . & eke, wys, 9518 
J)w . ilk« king* fat .1. off Mon 
Had . no . childe/. bote . A Son, [ooi. s] 
Jat yriih his Fadyr/ was . so wett 
He wisf . his . wisdom . euery dett. 
In . aH . wisdom/, was he . Eich, 
And . algat . his Fadyr/ lich ; 9524 
WM hym . of* . ^ . witt . & myght, 
His Fadyr / wroght with his In Sight* , 
AH. fat his fadyr/ wolde haue/. wroght 
Be . hym . pe . ende . schuld . be . broght, 
Doughtres . Foure . had J)e king*, 9529 
To. which. echone/. he . 3afe. som. ping* 
Of* his . myght* and . his . bonte/, 
As . Fell . to haue/. Sistres fre, 9532 
To . eche . dyuers . 3efftys . he . 3affe/. 
Party . with hym . Selffe to . haue/, 
Bofe . of*, his . / wisdom . / & his myght*, 
pat echone . Fell, to . haue . be . Eight. 
Of his substauwce he 3afe echon, 
Echone 3affe he substawnce on, 9538 

BEDFORD 

{} Belonging to the Public Library. Bedford. Tt 
leaves, contains many dots and tags of little or no value, 
of example.] 



As to her Fadyr it aght to fere, 9539 

Wit^outen which on non manure 

Might he his kingdom jeme, 

Be Eightwis domes peria deme. 

Her names schul je here for-Jy, 9543 

])e First of hem was callid mercy, 

Sptihefastnes y toper was, 

pe pTjd was Eightwisnes in place, 

Pees pe fourp* sistyr hight ; 9547 

WMouten pes pe king had no myght 

Forte Eule his kinghede. 

pis ilke king, pat I of Eede, 

A Seruant had In his bayly 9551 

A3ens his lorde bad don Foly, ^^S^^ 

And be Dome hym iokys was 

To go to payn for his trespas. 

To pe moste fo and felon 9555 

Was hym be taght in to preson. 

For he had neuer so gret envye. 

As hjTQ. to hau^e In his bayly. 

Whyle he was in preson po, 9559 

His Enny hy w wroght full wo ; 

H When mercy gan so to se. 

On hym she gan to haue pite, 9562 

BEDFORD 



This MS., a paper one, bearing the date 1442 on one of ths 
Thene are copied here in the first twenty Unes by ws7 



UBBOr BEGS THE KING TO HAVE PITY ON HIS PRISONER) BUT TRUTH 1665 
THINKS THAT MISDEEDS MUST BE PUNISHED, AND JUSTICE SATS HE DESERVES IT, 



Forbere myght sche no fing, 9563 

Bote First com before fe kyng 

Forto Schew hym her orison, 

To delyuer fat preson). 9566 

Sclie sayde, " fadyr, J)y doghter am I, 

As Jjy selffe wost witterly, 

Fullfl&lled I am of boxsumnes. 

Full of pete & swetnes, 9570 

f y ^efft is me lesse fadir dere, 

ferfoie here now my prayer, 

Of fis wrech preson fat is 

fat he may haue foi^efnes^ 9574 

fat is yndir his f o so. 

In payn of preson and in wo ; 

fat Foule Felon he did hym gile, 

And hath hyw had a long while, 9578 

'ip To hym fat f e falshede com Fro 

^ A3en to hym late it go, 
Lete his falsnes joldyn be, 
And f e presoner solde to me ; 9582 
For f ou ert knowyn sekyrly [coi. 2] 
king of Pete and of mercy, 
f yn eldest doghtyr f ou wost T am, 
Ouer all f y werkis is f y name, 9586 
fy doghtyr I owe neuer to be. 
Bote je of hym may haue pete : 
Mercy f ou owest to haue be Eight, 
For f y grete witt & f yn Insight, 9590 
And f y pete fat is so Swete 
Oweth f • presoner bonded to bete. 
I will not leue mercy to crye 
Vnto fat he haue mercy." 9594 

H When Sothfastnes herd f is talkywg 
fat mercy f us besought f e kyng. 
And fat sche was algat aboute 
Forto haue pis presone?* oute, 9598 

106 BEDFORD 



Before f ® kinge« fote sche stode, 9599 

And sayde, " fadyr faire & gode, 

Mervels haue I herd to day, 

fat I may not forbere to say 9602 

Of my Swete Sister fat is, 

Mercy, vfiih her Swetnes 

Wold f zs presoner delyuerid were, 

fat Sof efastnes wold forfare. 9606 

Bote mercy owe not here to spede 

Bote 3ef Sothfastnes it bede. 

jef my SistjTr Saue myjt all 

fat sche myght for cry & cafl, 9610 

fan schuldestow be doutyd noght, 

Manys mysdede« schuld not be boght, 

Bote fou ert king eue^' to laste 9613 

Of Eightwisnes, and of Sof *faste, Djjf JJ. 

f y wille is sof* euyr & ay ; 

fis presoner fat I of Say 9616 

fat pete of hym Selffe had noght, 

How schuldestow Eew on hyw oejht ] 

With dome he mote f ol forf y 

AU his Mysdedis with to by." 9620 

H Eightwisnes Eos vp and sayde 

Her Eeson as sche was purvayde, 

" Syr, of f y doghtyrs I am one, 9623 

And f ou kyng, So Eightwis none, 

f y werkys ar all of price. 

And f y domys all Eightwis ; 9626 

fis frail fat is fro f e flemyd, 

Well hath he Seruyd to be demyd; 

For all f e whyle fat he was flfre, 

Mercy euer with hym had he, 9630 

Sothfastnes and Eight Also, 

Till he flemyd vs hym fro. 

It was his owne wilfull Syn 

fat did vs all fro hym twyn, 9634 

BEDFORD 



1666 FOR EVERT ONE IS FREE TO CHOOSE GOOD OR ILL. AH ! HOW MISERABLE 
WITHOUT MERCY OR PEACE ! PEACE NOW PLEADS FOR THE PRISONER. 



He hap* hym meuid a3eii mercy, 9636 
DeJ>* hym owe to J>oll for-fy, 
J)e which Dethe Jow hym hight, 
In preson most he be be Eight. 9638 
For dome haj?* jeff it hym In Sight, 
To SoJj*fastne8 haue sayde his plight, 
And so J)ou woldist his Sorow Slake, 
Jwt he myght dome by ]>* take. 9642 
For why J>at dome SpareJ)-non 
pai So))ef astnes ha))e ouer-gon ; 
To eche man sche ^evith with will 
Eight to haue gode or Hie ; [coi. 2] 

For Sojefastnes haj)* sayde his sa[ke], 
J^erflfore will dome hym not oute ta[ke]. 
Owe no man say hym gode in word, 
Sith J>at pete is not herd." 9660 

A ! pat wrech Frende wzt^oute, 
pat non frende gete may hym oute, 
He may not Scape, where he go, 
Bote hym Assay le euer his fo, 9654 
pat witt and myght haf® hym Eefft, 
And nakyd his wrechyd body lefft ! 
Noght hym alien bote all his kyn, 
He hafe to Jjraldon broght In, 9658 
He did hym mysdo comonly, 
pe dome com folowing In hye, 
And luged hym In Sof^fast treujj®, 
WMouten mercy and Eeuf e ; 9662 
Now pees at home most lende, 
Bote of londe sche most wende. 
For pees may no where abyde, 
per hate woneth, or wer, or pryde, 
Nor of mercy may non myn, 9667 
All lafft pe londe pat fey were In. 
Was non of pe lafft ware, 
Bote all Jjay distroyed ware, 9670 

BEDFORD 



AU ded did hem to dryue, 9671 

Was non bote eight laflPb on lyue, 
H Noye and his Sones Jnre, 
pat in pe Schip were sauyd fre, 
His wyffe and his Sones wives, 9675 
In all pe world lafft no mo liyes. 
It is Mochell drede to tell, 
Of any dome pat was so ffell ; ^^{^ 
All was Eight and Sof *fastnes, 9679 
WttAoute mercy and Pees. 
H pe FourJ)* Sistir afftyr fe fred. 
Spake to fe king, pe place andd, 
" Pees I hight, lorde of state, 9685 
Among my Sistris is debate, 
Alle pe stryffe betwen hem & fe, 
Be Pees it owe tried to be. 
For wherof Seruyth any aiu»yce, 9687 
Off Sothfastnes or lusty*. 
Bote for to Sett Pees in londe, 
Dome is ferof Sett to stonde. 
Sith all Jjes fre be before me, 9691 
How schall I fan forsaken be 1 
Sith for me all god is wroght, 
Wtt^outen me is tolde for noght. 
Saue me is noght in J>is world, 9695 
Bote ^ef pat mercy may be herd ; 
For fadyr ertow and pnnce of pece, 
J)ow owest me here, wit^outen lees. 
Pees endith all pat wele is wroght, 
Who haj)« no Pees hathe noght, 9700 
What is Eiches who can say, 
And wisdam 3eff pees be a- way. 
Who will for pees his trauayle spewde, 
In Pees forsoth Schall he ende. 
f us oweth Pees be herd In Jiye, 
For pis Presoner crying me?'cy ! 9706 

BEDFORD 



THE king's son, SEEING THE STRIFE BETWEEN HIS SISTERS, OFFERS HIMSELF 1667 
IN PLACE OF THE WRETCHED MAN, AND SO MAKES PEACE. 



And for vs Foure at pis assice, 9707 

Eightwisly to do lustys, 

Wtt^oute our all comon assent, [ooi. 2] 

Owep to be jeffe no lugemewt, 

To haue Eecorde no dome owe, 9711 

Or we assent all be Rowe ; 

To one Most we all assent. 

And Sith Schape ourc lugement, 

Or ellys ow dome be callid a3eiL 9716 

J)erf ore Jow wrech pat art in payn, 

Owe now to fynde Sum pete. 

Now hastow herde my Sistirs pre. 

Here me Fadyr now for py, 

For mercy sesitli not to cry." 9720 

IT When pat p* kyngis son had sen 

J>e Stryffe pe Sistirs betwen 9724 

Wtt^outen hym myght pey not end, 

Pees betwene hem myght not lende, 

" Fadir," he sayde, " pi son am I, 

Off py strength witterly, 9728 

So wele am I belouyd with p®, 

pat py wisdom men callith me, 9730 



pis world brode & long to Sen, 9731 
Hastow made fayre purgh me to ben. 
All pou wroghtist be myn Insight, 
We er bop* on strength & on myght, 
Of one worschip & of one wille, 9735 
py will I schall euer Full Fill, 
IT Fadir, Eightwis domstere ! 
Mercy me meuyp be her here, 9738 
pat Sche make Skilfull be for p* ; 
For of pat wrech I haue pete, 
Mercy First began to call, [leaf so, coi. i] 
Sche oght to be herd first of all, 9742 
For sop'ffastenes forsothe schall I 
Att on acorde make with mercy, 
perfore Fadyr I will and schall 
Take on me eloping of prall, 9746 
And Suffyr I schall pe dome on me, 
pat oure prall schuld vndyr be. 
I schall Crye Pees In londe I wis, 
And dom & pees make hem kis ; 9750 
pis ward to ende bring schall I So, 
And Saue py folke fro endeles wo." 



BEDFORD 



BEDFORD 



1668 



APPENDIX IV 



CATO'S MORALS. 



(From ike Fairfax MS. 14, leaf 122. The quire or quires containing ch. IxxyJ, 
all chapters Ixxvij — Ixxxx (ch. 90, the beginning of the Cato), have been 
cut out. TTie Table of Contents of this Fairfax Cursor treats the Great 
and Little Catos as part of that poem. See p. 7 above.) 

• 

There are at least four early versions of the Disticha de Moribus in our 
tongue. 

I. An Anglo-Saxon version in Cotton MS. Julius A. IL ; another copy in 
Trinity College Library, Cambridge; also a late copy in Cotton Vespasian 
D. XIV. 

n. A translation in English verse accompanies a late copy of the monk 
Everard*s French version in the Vernon MS. (Bodleian Library, just before 
1400 A.D.), and Additional MS. 22283 (British Museum). Earlier and better 
copies of Everard may be seen in Arundel MS. 292, and Lambeth MS. 371. 
He has been printed by Le Roux de Lincy in Le Livre des Proverbes Frangais. 

IIL Another verse translation by Benedict Burgh of the latter part of the 
fifteenth century. This is repeatedly but wrongly assigned by catalogue 
"writers to John Lydgate. Copies of this version are very common. 

IV. The fragmentary version now before us, late 14th century, or early 
15th. This is the only copy known to me. To judge from the six-line 
stanza and the arrangement of the rimes, it seems to be an imitation of 
Everard's French Cato, mentioned above. A comparison of the text with the 
Latin original (ed. F. Hauthal, Berlin, 1870) shows it to represent the follow- 
ing distichs in this order : — 

in. 3, 4, 5, 7, 6, 9, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 17, 19, 20, 21. 

IV. 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 22, 23, 25, 26, 27, 28, 
20, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38 (39 torn), 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 
46, 48, 49. 

Part of the epilogue seems to be taken from Everard's prologue. 

All these English versions I copied some years ago, with the intention 
of editing them for the Early English Text Society ; but, at Dr. Dahlmann's 
wish, I gave them up to him, and we were to do a joint edition of the English 
and foreign version of the Distichs for the Society. As, however, this edition 
has been, and must still be delayed, and Mr. Fumivall — ^mainly for Chaucer 
purposes — wishes the present version to appear at once, advantage has been 
taken of its looking, in the Fairfax MS., like part of the Cursor, to add the 
poem here, though it will be repeated in the Society's full edition of the Cato. 

E. Brock. 

Cambridge, Jan. 8, 1878. 



1GG9 



CATO'S MOEALS. 



[Fairfax MS, U : Ue/ore UOO.] 

[Capitulum] : Ixxx : [really Ixxxx, ch. 90 : see p. 7.] 

IT if j)OU be made wittenesse. [leaf 122] fat pou mai in corage. 
for to say fat sof is 



saue fine honour 3 

als mikil as f ou mai fra blame 

lame f i frendis shame. 

and saue fra dishonour. 6 

^ for-sof flip^ra 

and alle fals flaters 

I rede sone f ou fle. 9 

for fen saJIe na gode man. 

fat ani gode lare can. 

far-fore blame fe. 12 

IT For to say f e sof nis. 

"wif-outin ani £aintis. 

fat is gode fame. 15 

fainteli for to speke. 

and f e sof for to steke. 

is falsid and blame. 18 

IT of er mewnis worde or werke. 

be f ou lewed of er clerk". 

do f ou no3t blame. 21 

fat of 6r f e nojt dispise 

rijt in f e same wise, 

f i saumple be f i shame. 24 

IT A-mange alle f i bisines, 

loke f ou make sum blis. 

find laike a-monge trauails. 27 

FAIRFAX 



wif-out grete damage. 

suffre fat f e ailis. 30 

IT if richesse come f e rife. 

in ending* of f i life. 

be nojt starke to freindis. 33 

spende f ou fuUe hertli. 

in time and rit largeH. 

f i gift wif f e weindis. 36 

IT fat comis f e be heritage. 

kepe hit in alle fine age. 

[. . . . blank in MS.] 39 

and kepe hit wif encrese. 

fat f ou be nane of f ese. 

fat men famis in fable 42 

IT f i seruauntz counsail. 

and hit mai 03t a-vail. 

loke f ou ne dispise, 45 

ne na mannis witte 

if help be in hitte. 

of fole leris wise. 48 

IF if f ou be no3t als wele. [leat in, eoi. t} 

in welf and in catele 

as fou has bene are. 51 

loke fou con paide be. 

wif fat at time giuis f e. 

and squa f e time ansquare. 54 

FAIRFAX 



1670 



CATO'S ]fORAU9. (FAIRFAX MS. 14.) 



IT fie to take wife. 

to lede wij> Ji life. 

bot ho be honest. 57 

take hir for na doweri. 

ne halde hir for na druri. 

if ho be vnchest 60 

IT bi ensaumple of mani men. 

leme pat per didis ken. 

quat werk* J>ou folow salle. 63 

quider-euer we flene. 

opex mannis life salle bene. 

maister to ken vs alle. 66 

IT loke Jou be fole mode. 

and suflfre wele wij) gode. 

]>at pou deseruid has. 69 

and if pou. be coupable 

a-Tugge fi-selfe dampnable. 

and amende pi trespas. 72 

IT a-monge gestis atte borde. 

be mesurable of worde. 

and loke quat pou sais. 75 

atte ))ou be haldin na langelere 

ne driuin to bismere. 

if J)ou wille be cnrtais. 78 

IF if fou seist pi wife wrape 

Jjat ho wepe & squere bape 

hir wordis doute pou no^t. 81 

for quen ho mast dos wepe 

lol (mistake for next word, lok 1) 

(This line blank in the MS.) 84 
IT Loke pou spende mesureli. 
pe gode pat pou liuis bi. 
or ellis wille hit faile. 87 

qua-sim dos his awen waste, 
of oper men in hast, 
beggis paire vitail. secnram. 90 

FAIRFAX 



aua-sim-euer pou be. 
pat wille pi-self safe se. 
and lede sicure life, 
loke in alle pine age 
pou kepe pi corage. 
fra ille tecchis rife, 
IT if pou in alle pine age 
be blipe in pi corage. 
dispise richesse lifis 
for pai pat talis miche lichas 
maste in nede and bisines. 
beggis in pis life. 
IT if pou be fole and bricoun. 
and kepis no3t in resoun. 
pat gode pat pou destries. 
say pou nojt in mynde. 
pat pi grace is blinde. 
bot wite pi folies. 
IT no3t for pe faimes. 
bot for pi nedines. 
loue pou pe peny. 
for per is na parfite man. 
pat alder-mast gode can. 
pat ellis louis eny. 
IF For to hele pi bodi 
gif pi gode largeli 
if pou be sake and riche. 
pe riche seke^ has mikil 03 1. 
& him-self has he no^t. 
to Hue is he no3t liche. 
IF Sin pou has pi maister 
sufferred in mister, 
to bete pe for lare. 
suffre pou pi fa U r heste. 
in wrap if he make cheste. 
pi mensk^ is pe mare. 

FAIRFAX 



n 



96 

iMCkj 

99 



102 



105 



108 



111 



114 



117 

[} or sike] 

120 



123 



126 



OATO'S MORALS. (FAIRFAX MS. 14.) 



1671 



V Sin ])ou art doutande. 
of. alio 'bestis liuande. 

nedderres for venim. 129 

mare mai ])ou be agast. 

of anli man vn-wrast. 

and warre ])e for him. 132 

IF if J7at fovL be bodi sferonge. 

\ . of ricbesse ronge. 

. . e Jou be wise. . p akoieinMS.2 135 

fen saltow be mi^tfuL 

jand haldin fed menskfol. 

and of mikil prise. 138 

^ if ]>ou in ani nede falle. 

])i next frende to Ipe calle. 

to help ])e atte ende. 141 

can fer na man teyche. 

to finde better leche, 

pen a trewe frende 144 

^ if J)ou wille chose a freinde. [ooi. 2] 

or a felaw trew & hende. 

to trist a-pon atte nede. 147 

of his gode life. 

no3t of his riches rife. 

.1. rede ])ou take hede. 150 

^ ])at ]>oa has gitin to ])e 

Yse hit in honeste. 

& be no3t calde ni])iDg* 153 

quat helpis riches 

and ]>ou Hue in nedines. 

and has mikil ))ing*. 156 

V if J)ou wille kepe J)i fame 
fra velani and blame. 

quen ])ou liuand ert 159 

for-sake fou fe werlde blis. 

in ])e quilk* wrange liking* is 

fle wij) J)i hert 162 

FAIRFAX 



^ if J)ou be wise in J)i fojt 

loke atte ])ou skorne nojt 

doted man in elde. 165 

for wisest and mast of maine. 

ginin childis witte a-gaine. 

quen Jnd ar vn-welde. 168 

^ loke J)Ou lore sum craft 

quen ])i hap turnis baft 

and logh J)ou Use. 171 

Har eraft leuis vnp ])e. 

and ay mai ])ou amended be. 

to make pe to rise. 174 

^ haunte J)ou studying*. 

if pou haue kunning*. 

and knawing* in craft. 177 

study quettis pi witte. 

and loke atte ])ou vse hit. 

atte hit be nojt laft. 180 

^ Take J)ou neuer grete care. 

in quat time ne quare. 

to dej) Jjou be bro3t. 183 

if Jou wilt be wise. 

for ])is life to dispise. 

de]) doutis no^t. 186 

IF leme J)ou of pe wise. 

and teyche J)ou pe vnwise. 

])at ])ou has lered. 189 

wiJ) lemyng* & teyching*. 

growes graij) kunnyng*. 

& mani man vp-rered. 192 

IF ])at J^i-self* louid has. peaf iss] 

in ani manor compas. 

ani kin ping, 195 

loke for na lijt hede. 

at ])at ]>ing* in ani stide. 

of pe haue blaming*. 198 

FAIRFAX 



1672 



CATO'S MORALS. (FAIRFAX MS. 14.) 



^ quen ])oa art in gode ese. 

))en ])iiiki on mis-ese. 

and lagher ])ou ga. 201 

quen pou art atte disese. 

hope ofter better ese. 

and conforte fe squa. 204 

IT quen }>ine age ^onge is. 

do ))i gode bisines. 

wisdome to leres 207 

])e man ])at is harde witte 

gode clergis mai gitte. 

wif-in lite 3eres. 210 

IT be scarske of fi louing*. 

til hit come to prouing*. 

of ])i gode frende. 213 

for if J)ou loue him al-way. 

he wille be on a day. 

peraunter vn-hende. 216 

^ waite wip gode dwelling*. 

a quile stille herkening* 

quat ilk* man sais. 219 

worde laynis manors 

& mannis awen gode geris. 

mannis worde wreis. 222 

IT Squete sone shame fe nojt 

fing* atte J)ou can no3t. 

be Willi to here. 225 

for kunning* is louing*. 

shame is to vn-kunning*. 

fat no^t wille lere. 228 

IT wijj drinking* and leccheri. 

ioynid is wij? foli. 

lustis and strife. 231 

quat-sim nedis to J?i hert 

take fat to J)i quert. 

be-quar of ouer-rife. 234 

FAIRFAX 



IF heuy herted men. 

and stille studious men. 

vmbe-ping* Jje to fle. 237 

per fe flode is deppist 

fe water standis stillist. 

ensaumple ]>ou se. 240 

IT quen fou has of pi J)ing*. [inM,eoi.«i 

forou hap vnliking*. 

in chaunce or in cas. 24S 

be-halde J?ou on oper men. 

fat has harder ten. 

for lasse trespas. 246 

IT alle if fou- fink* fat f on mai 

mikil do 3et assay. 

or f ou ferre fonde. 249 

wif rape reiche f ou f e brim 

is better fen in see to squim. 

for hit is nere londe. 253 

IT A-gaine man ii3twise. 

striue f ou in na wise 

ne wrangeli him greue. 255 

for goddis godenes 

wrekis wele f e ri3twis. 

done againe his leue. 258 

IF if f i gode be lorne 

sorou no3t f ar-forne 

to double fi harme^. [} oria. ac&pe} 261 

and hope ay of gode hap. 

to come wif a gode clap. 

wif-out ani warne. 264 

IF loke f ou be chaste. 

if f i gode be waste. 

f orou harme atte is. 267 

bot 3et hit is sening^^. p or seuing)] 

a frende suffre losing*. 

for alle is no3t is. 270 

FAIRFAX 



CATO'S MORALS. (FAIRFAX MS: 14.) 



1673 



-self hete J?ou no3t 
inge life in fo^t. 
3u fi-self no3t tray. 
inere J)ou art sicureli. 
hadow of J)i bodi. 
folowes ay. 
ij) ensence of sauour. 
3 Jjou J)i creatour. 
te ]>i calf be. 
s no3t t^ 

JSt 



273 



276 



279 

[1 a piece torn offthU le<tf.2 



282 



285 



at 




iiai 




sim 


288 


Jjou synne in foli. peaf 128, back] 


J?i-seK J?ou cbasti. 




Jjat scharpli. 


291 


lare is medicine to amende. 




3 sare wijj-out ende. 




11 fou for-J)i. 


294 


'ter lange biding*. 




lane aide wrafjjing*. 




no3t J)i frende. 


297 


i chaunge his manere. 




: how he was dere. 




quen he was hende. 


300 


: mare f ou art of prise. 




gracious to office. 




e J?ou mare tentli. 


303 


30U ne be calde vn-wise. 




come tint offise. 




"fice perdi. 


306 


FAIRFAX 





IT Fie to be susspecious 

atte fou be no3t doutous. 

and ay in misese 

for qua has dout(1)ng (?)o3t 

& suspicioun in ])03t 

})ai haue lefte ese. 

IF if J)ou haue carlis bo3t 

to serue \>e in Ji J)03t, 

to fine vsage. 

calle ham no3t [ca]rle fen, 

fink ou fai ar men 

like fine Image 

IT & f ou se first chaunce. 

. . me wif-out distaunce 

first fou hit take. 

e fou fink no3t eft-sone 
t hit mai no3t be done. 

. . . did hit for-sake. 

[IT] .... fou na ioy fen. 

wikkid men. 

....... sep] 

[9 lines, 1^ stanzas, torn 

IF loke fou be tentife. 

if fou haue lered alle f 1 life 

in studi and in scole. . 

for ay mai fou lere a3t 

and if fou can no3t be tajt 

fen artow a fole. 

IT fou wondris in f i witte. 

fat I. wrate f is writte. 

in twa varsis nakid 

[3 blank lines,] 
[Epilogue.] 

IT Curtaise catoun. 

f us endis his resoun. 

of mannis manere. 

FAIRFAX 



309 



312 



315 



318 



321 



324 



327 



off^] 



[col. 2] 



339 



342 



345 



351 



1674 



OATO'S MORALS. (FAIRFAX MS. 14.) 



as he t£^t his sone. 

alle ^t in werlde dos wone. 

witte mai ))ai lere. 

^ Catoun was a paynym 

and na-])ing* knew him 

in ]>e cristin fay. 

in his worde ne writte 

fande we him neuer ^itte. 

againis our lay. 

IT In alle he accordis. 

and na-])ing* discordis 

tills goddis hali writte 

efter goddis awen rede. 

he mai his life lede. 

fat wille folowe hit 

^ ]>e hali gaste be resoun 

semid in catoun 

qvLe^er sa he was. 

for na gode konning* 

is in man coming*. 

wif-out goddis grace. 

IT gode grante vs grace. 

to folow catouns trace. 

in his teyching*. 

in gode maneris. 

to be his feris. 

In his wonyng* Amen 



354 



357 



360 



363 



366 



369 



372 



375 



378 



IF Stokynbrig" scripsit istnm librnm. 
WiUeZmo Kernonr de Lsjicastre, 



[2 blank leaves at endy parity scribbled 
on : on the 1st leaf is this: — 

IT [)] Pense3 de dieu sanz Autre 
q*t Meleton) pwr vne k" . , . 
^ Sanz fyne. 

Amen dico vobys 

On the 2nd leaf: — 
Kota de loquacitate^ 



Qui hene wit fare^ hene debet preme- 

ditare 
Ble loquens plura nofi tendtt ad omnia 

[iural] 
Kon locus est pacis ybi r^nat lingua 

loquacM 
Ble loqui nessit cuit^ non a lingua 

quiesset. 

In multiloquio non deest Peccatum.^ 

Prouerb. Salomon^.] 

[1 Thue 2 IkMM in a modern hand^ the rett 15-cenft(ry.] 
[* fare ineerted bj/ a modem hand.^ 



FAIRFAX 



FAIRFAX 



1675 



CORRIGENDA. 



p. 1471 : for [A Prayer to God the Father,] 

put [The Book of Penance. Prologue,^] 

In tlie blank of p. 1471, put 

pfor Part I, BiUh or Contrition^ see p. 1481. 

Part II, Slirift or Confession, see p. 1484. 

Part III, Mends-making or Satisfaction, see p. 1560. 

Supplement : Absolution by the Pope^ Cursing, &c., see p. 1577 — 
1586.] 

p. 1480, col. 1, alter [Three, &c.] to [Penance, I. Euth or Contrition,] 

p. 1484, coL 1, in blank put [Penance. 11. Shrift or Confession.] 

p. 1560, cancel Headline. Put for it 

THE BOOK OF PENANCE. PART III. MENDS-MAKINO OR SATISFACTION. BY PRATEB, 

FASTING, ALMS, AND SUBDUING THE FLESH. 



CLAY AMD TAYLUB, PUIKTEB8. 



f 



J 



T!is PuMioatiBtis for 1S7(I (nnc guinea) ave .-— 
nailbliOildi, their aUtulEfl and Ciulatas,l»HOA.D. Edit, '... 
n lisaiy on Gilds ami Tindea-DiimiB, bj Dr. Ii BraiiUiio, a 



nn liiHiy un Gilds am. 
*1, WiniJua LBuder'a JGnoi 

4d^ Bamardiu Da Cnnk Rai , „_ ,.„ ,...__._, __._-„ 

- ~ ■ - ■ ■ ■ , iiotai and RfliigioHB PlBras. Bd. J. B, Luuiby, M.a. a*. 

^r 1871 (fiae guliLea) are: — 

]. df Joieph Bf iudmtthie, or The JLbU (trail i from thu Vemon H3. ; with 
tuan'sLifiMorjfiH^plii nl. It«v. W. W. Shwl. M.A. flji. 
U. rau Alfrsd-i 'WHt-Buon Temon sf QmrDiy'g PutoriU Oira, edUed fniln 3 llas..wltban Engllsli 
lfBii»liilion.byHenrjSw«it,B.q., B-A.-HiilliulCollfsa!, Oiford. Pnrtl. in*. 
). LwiBdaofthsHolySoiiiI, Synboli of tha Fudiia ind Ciou Foemi, ed. Ouv. Dr. ILHorm, IDi. 
.7. BiiBayidLyndouiT'iWoriH, turt V., ml. Pf. J. i. H. Murny. 3s, 
t», TheTlmci'Whirtle, Slid other pDoms,1irK.C., ISiS: ed. by J. M. Cowper, Eiii- «t. 

Mp pH-bUual-ioH* for 1872 (oia gmnBit) are :— 
m. An Old Engliih HUdbIIui;, aaiitiuninK » Beitlairy, Kantiah Sermona. Prornrha or AlfMiL mil 
K»li|i:iuiis Vwmi at LHe IHch nenl^ ed. rrum Ilic MSH. by the Kev. K. Murrin. LL.U. lilt. 
1 KlngAlfiiidaWinl-eiuioiiVeriioiiofOwijmy'iPMtOMlcire.ed.H.Swwt, M.4. Purttl. 1«* 
I. Tivitile et &i J<iiiin^ a leratout, k.tl.UW. With CFikiislntiDi»: ad. T. U. CiwkaniE and H. BrMk. fl(. 
j. FsJIiidtiu on HuibDsdris, riigllslil 111). 143Ui.li.), fill. Bev. Butou Lodge, Ujt. Pub L lOa, 
yy<e PiiUii-atumtfor 1873 "(one ffwunMj oi'o: — 
as. Old-SngUiOi Homflln, BiTlsa 11., and tlirBn Uymti* Co the VirKlii uid God, Ulh-oentiiry, willt Vhe 

musio til two i,f Ihfiai. in old niid modern .lotntioii ; wl. B-^.. R, Morri.. LL.D, a*. 
ii. Iha Tiaien of Flan Flowman. IViC C ; Biohard His Badslea (1>y Willioni, tlie aottior at Iha FJiiuW i 

nuiiTbs Crowned Kiati pd. Rev. W. W. gkeat, M.A. ISi. 
(». SauiydH.aaomaiii^e, od.&b. 1M0A.U,, V. AltUs Wrlgtat.M.A. Fitrt I. 3a. 

Wa PiihliaaHansfar 187-1 (wna jKiissa) ore .■— 
50. TheCBBt^tiiil>lBDftiiB3«itnutisnaf Troy, milliteratlVHierBei ed. hyD.Dua&ldaon, Baq-.UICt the 

97. Tha Sazly EnfUib Tavon of tba "Ourvn Kundi"^ In four Texte, edited by tlto Bcv. O. Morris, 

U.A.. LI'.l). Pa.rt I, with 1 phoIalithoKraphic nicHiiniIeK, lOn. M. 
SS. ThBBli<*)iBsKofflilieB,B:ii.D.,Bd.It«v.E.MornB,LUD. ViaXL Si. 

The PMwarionffoi- 1875 {.mc gmilra) ai-e .-— 
EO. Tbe"Cur«iirJlmidi,"lHf™rTe!(ta.pd.Rtw. Dr. 11. Morris. Psrt It IM. 
un, ModiMnyiuu on [he Sour of Our Lorde (porliapa bj Mobuft of BranneJ, edited IWim the MBS. hy J. SO. 

01. Ihi Bsinuiee uid Fiophcelaa of Thsmu of EniaUooM, printed lh)m Qvn USS, ; »ilt«l by Dr. Junw 
A.U.lHurrny. 10*. (id. 
Wd PnUixntimiKfor 187fl C""* guiwn) are :— 
M. ThB"(Jura!irMundi."mfour'Feita. ed. Bev. Dr. a. MoiTll. P«n HI. 16s. 
~t. The ElkldingBiinuluia. 971 t.D., ed. Ker. Dr. R. Morris, Part I L M, 
(. FMnoiilliymie'aEiBMmiaimdEdiin.iiii, t.D. 160U, wl. P.J. Fliniivull. U. 
S. B( Oanu S«ge ,Bi>de's fia ilic /«Ji,-(;i, io., ed. i. B. tUinhy, H.l). Si. 

T'li' PuhViJ-aiumnffr 1877 (»« y«ww) «fc .■— 
_5, Th>"CiirMrMLmdi,"iiirr>iirTi'i'>.«.l R«f 'Iii^. E. Mrarria. Paft IV, with SnulotTpHB IM. 
MT. Watw an Plar. Flowaan, by tlic flay, g. Vt. tjl^cnt, II.A. l-art I. ilu. . 



EETU SEEIES, 
'»Fieb!iPatJ«»tf<r/ 18KT in»UyV'"<'") "rr:— 
"' " " '"' — iU»«»B*tVWer«taf. Ry-ddittd troni the uiiiuua BIS. in Kine't Coll™i- 

e.W.«Ml:t, 1I..\. ISl- 

>,«IUi eapouiitl ilflrerenee to Shikepora itnd Cbauccr. l<y A. J.I^Ilis, F.li.S. 




18(18 (OHf y«(M««) «/■» .■ — 
, in ThWB Version.. Ed. F. J. Punilva,ll. Si. 
Ile.edftedby(tteBov.W.W.81i«»t.M.A. 1(U. 
K.litfld from IhB two l)e»C USB. by Rflv. Dr. E. Morris. 
Re-edited from Chv unique US, by H. 11. tiibbs, Eiq., : 



d Dr. E. Oaw 



f TX. Awdtiaj'i f iaternltyg of Va«b«idEii Humia^i'oaTuC Sk.' Ed. E. VilBS and P. J. FumiVolL 
Tka PulilipalwiMfi-r 1870 (nM jwr«po) .iT-r.-— 

r* Intmdiiatiaa of KnowladEe, 1M7. Syetary of Balth. lUit, Susea in DaFeiiBe of It 
I XI. Birhour'iaVioe, *Piirt 'l. Bd. from MBS. and Hdllidna. liy Rnv. W. W. Shiuit, M.4. ia». 
TO'' pBhl.}r«n,'iitf,ir 1871 (o«f jKiBPfl) nri! ;— 
til. Englaad In Henry TIIL'sTimii: a DlBloennbelwuDii Cnrdinnl Pnlunni Liiiwel, hyThomM 
'■'•-■'-'■•■■" ' Ed.J.M.O|.wi,Br. PwlIL 12.. IPwlLbpr-pBrtiig.' 






1 SunpiioMyon of the Boggen, by Simon Fish, l5M-a ».n,. __ ._„—_-_ 

iiF ICaate SouanizDe Lnrda; ASupplloatumoftbePDiffnCeouiiOBAV tutd Thft ^wra^ A'tt^ ^ fe M c ^ ^giVA 
itKultitBdeofBheep.i'd. by J. H. Cowpw.S™. fa. 



^arlj injlish SiMt ^mtitt. 



i<nlit|>. M ^1 If. u vmr [and Jtt^ 




m 



EXTRA SERl^. 
PvbH^iiilmir r«r IST8 »n7I *" flmtfi /rvni- — 

.,Jiir..JyCr«i,.-u. l.',,l I'iji-i.mill, I'lirMV. IM. 

:-..! I. El'uUT'tLitiuiLttUa 



fev 



r. J.A.H.MuiKi'AI'mr.Si 



_, . Hobi^it Cjoilty's Tliuty-OijQ Epigr 11,1s, VoyM ij the L**t Tin»p«, 'Rlrt* WmUIi, * 

XVI. Chuuv'a InitUc so tbi AMnUbe. Bd, Bpv. IV. W. Skfnt, M.A. fU. 

XVII, XhB OgntiliyBt of BsetlindB. uiB 4.11.. Willi U4i Ali|"'>'>l'i at four lailb'niiinrtr? Stit 



fcOA'DOJf: N. TRUPym_&. <:^>-. :>1 &:_^i\^Oav 



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